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Full text of "History and complete roster of the Massachusetts regiments, minute men of '61 who responded to the first call of President Abraham Lincoln, April 15, 1861, to defend the flag and Constitution of the United States ... and biographical sketches of minute men of Massachuetts"

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COL. GEORGE W. NASON, JR., Franklin, Mass. 

(» P7 ■ » 

History and Complete Roster 

of the 

Massachusetts Regiments 


who responded to the First Call of President 
Abraham Lincoln, April 15, 1 861 , to defend 
the Flag and Constitution of the United States 






Copyri^iht 1904 by Georsre W. Xason 

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N6V !^ I9|a 


To the fact that Massachusetts had 
for years maintained a military force 
known as Volunteer Militia, the mem- 
bers of which were somewhat accus- 
tomed to the use of arms, and inured in 
some degree to the discomforts of the 
tented field, may be accredited the sal- 
vation of the nation in the early spring 
of the year 1861. There can be no 
question that the appearance of the 
Sixth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry 
in Washington, and the arrival of the 
Third and Fourth Massachusetts Vol- 
unteer Infantry at Fortress Monroe, 
saved those important points from at- 
tempted capture by the disloyal men 
whose creed was slavery and States' 
rights before freedom and Union. The 
prompt arrival of the Eighth Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Infantry preserved the 
Naval Academy and the frigate Consti- 
tution at Annapolis, Md., and opened 
the way to the succor of the nation's 
capitol. obstructed in other directions. 
The gallant conduct of the Fifth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry at Bull 
Run further demonstrated that the 
slight military training of that day was, 
in some strong degree, a factor in the 
Union's defence. 

It is the province of the following 
pages to tell, as best they may, the 
story of that time and supplem.ent the 
history of the nation, and give due 
credit to Ihe deeds of those "Minute 
Men of '61." who so promptly responded 
to their Commander's Special Order, 
No. 14, of April 1-5, 1861. 

It is well to note here that while our 
pages treat only of three months of 
the doines of these men, yet the greater 
part of them continued their service of 
patriotism to the end of the rebellion, 
and that the names cf some of them a])- 
pear on the rolls of most of the battles 
of the Civil War. 

We give here such data as we have 
been able to gather f:om the files and 
authoiities of that time and such mem- 
oranda of their whole service which 
they or their comrades have been able 
to furnish at this late day. 

The men of the Massachusetts Vol- 
unteer Militia, called out by order of 
the Governor in April, 1861, numbered 
approximately 3,800. The first order 
was issued April 15, and the last of the 

seven organizations hid left the State 
before April 21, and remained in ser- 
vice until Augast 1. We give herewith 
a condensed summary of their service 
which may serve as a guide to the 
reader in a more careful perusal of its 

The Third Regiment, which was com- 
posed of six companies in Barnstable 
and Plymouth counties, and to which 
was added one company from Cam- 
b*. id^e in Middlesex county, reported in 
Boston, April 16, 18G1. At 11.30 a.m. 
the 18th, they sailed on the steamer 
S. R. Spaulding, under sealed orders, 
which, upon being opened, indicated 
their destination as Fortress Monroe, 
Va. Col. D. W. Wardrop was in com- 
mand, and the regiment mustered about 
five hundred ofRc:rs and men. They 
arrived at Fort Monroe at 11 a.m.. on 
the 20th, and at 4 p.m., sailed on U. 
S. Gunboat Pawnee for Norfolk, arriv- 
ing at 9 p.m. Finding It impossible to 
save any vessels or property at the 
navy yard all hands at once engaged in 
destroying everything possible that 
could serve the rebels, and tired and 
hungry arrived back at the foit at 6 
a.m., on the 21st, and we.e added to 
the garrison there. The regiment con- 
tinued as garrison of the fort, and In 
scouting and cutpost duty at and be- 
yond Hampton, until July 16th, when It 
started for home, ariiving in Boston 
July 23d. Of the five hundred who re- 
turned one hundred and sixty had re- 
el; listed before the close of the year. 

The Fourth Regiment consisted of five 
Cf m])aries from Norfolk and twa each 
from Plymouth and Bristol counties. 
They reported at Faneuil Hall on the 
16th, under Col. A. B. Packard, with 
over 500 ofTicers and men. They left 
Boston late in the afternoon of the ITtli, 
and at 10 p.m. were on board the steam- 
er State of Maine at Fall River. They 
arrived at New York at 5 p.m. on the 
ISth, leavirg there at 4 a.m. on the 19ih, 
ariiving at Fortress Monroe early on 
the 20th, remaining there until the 27th, 
when they moved with other regiments 
to Newport News, where an intrenched 
camp made. Five comoanies took 
part in the affair at Big Bethel on the 
9th of June. Later it was encamped at 
Hampton until it left for Massachusetts, 


July loth, where it was mustered out on 
the 22nd. About 200 of its members had 
re-er.listed before Jan. 1, 1862. 

The Fifth Regiment consisted of five 
companies, to which were added one 
comijany from the First and four from 
the Seventh Regiments of Volimteer 
Militia. In obedience to ordeis it as- 
seiiibleJ in Boston en the 19th and 20tli 
of April, 1861. Six companies were from 
Middlesex, three from Essex and one 
from Suffolk counties. Something over 
800 officers and men had assembled by 
the morning of the 21st. It marched to 
the Boston & "Worcester Railroad Sta- 
tion, and in company with the First 
Light Battery, left at 7 a.m. for the 
South, arriving in New York at 8 p.m. 
Late en the evening of the 21st, in com- 
pany with the Battery and the Third 
Battalion of Rifles, Massachusetts Vol- 
unteer Militia, the Regiment embarked 
r>n 'the steamers Ariel and De Soto, and 
at 3 a.m., en the -22nd, started for Fort 
Monroe, arriving safely at noon on the 
23d. proceedins; the same night to An- 
napolis, Md. They disembaiked late on 
the 24th, and on the 2.5th four compa- 
nies took the train for Washington, ar- 
riving at noon on the 26th. The re- 
maining six companies marched twenty 
miles to the Junction, where they took 
cars, arriving in Washington at 8 a.m., 
the 27th. The Regiment was quartered 
in the U, S. Treasury Building, remain- 
ing there until the night of May 2.5th, 
when it marched across the Potomac 
and encamned at Alexandria. From 
this date until July 16 the Regiment was 
engaged in building forts and scouting. 
July 16. attached to Franklin's Brigade, 
it took the head of the division column 
towards Centreville; 17th and 18th ad- 
vance continued; 19th and 20th in 
camp; 21st at 2 a.m. started towards 
Pull Run and at 11 a.m. advanced to 
the front under fire of the rebel bat- 
teries and remained on the battle line 
until orders to fall back, Avhen, after 
collecting the somewhat scattered com- 
panies, Major Boyd in command (Col- 
onel Lawrence being wounded), 
marched the Regiment back to Centre- 
ville, and later in the night to Alexan- 
dria. On the 22nd the Regiment re- 
turned to Washington, remaining there 
until the 2Sth, when they left for Bos- 
ton, ar'iving there on the 30th. and were 
mustered out of service. Before Jan. 1, 
1862. 255 of the men of the Fifth had 

The Sixth Regiment consisted of 
peven companies from Middlesex and 
one from Essex counties. To these were 

added, by orders from Adjutant-Gen- 
eral's office, one company from the Sev- 
enth Massachusetts Volunteer Militia 
(Essex); one company from the First 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia (Suf- 
folk), and one company from the Third 
Battalion of Rifles (Worcester). They 
left Lowell at 9 a.m. the 16th, and Bos- 
ton at 7 p.m., the 17th, arriving at New 
York early on the morning of the 18th. 
They crossed to Jersey City at 12 m., 
and left there by train, reaching Phila- 
delphia at 7 p.m. ■ Leaving there at 1 
a.m. on the 19th, reached Baltimore at 
noon. Seven companies were drawn 
through the city in the cars. The other 
four companies were obliged to disem- 
bark, owing to the barricading of the 
track by a mob, and were marched to- 
ward the Washington Station. They 
were assailed with stones and other mis- 
siles and finally pistol shots. Then the 
Older to fire was given and a passage 
was thus secured to the waiting train, 
although 130 men, including the band, 
were unaccounted for. The band, being 
left without arms or guard of any kind, 
were obliged to shift for themselves, 
and only by leaving instruments, etc , 
and seeking shelter of a friendly woman 
were they able to escape the mob. On 
the 20th they returned to Philadelphha 
and thence to Lowell. The loss to the 
Regiment was four killed and eighteen 
wounded. The Regiment arrived in 
W^ashington at 5 p.m. on the 19th and 
were quartered in the Senate Chamber, 
and were on guard and other duty until 
May 5, w'hen they left, under orders, for 
the Relay House. They left there May 
13 for Baltimore, arriving in the even- 
ing during a severe thundeistorm, tak- 
ing possession of Federal Hill. May 11 
and 15 w'ere spent in taking possession 
with other troops of Baltimore. On the 
16th they returned to the Relay House, 
where they remained until June 13, 
when they again were in Baltimore to 
help maintain order at the polls, but 
returned on the 14th. June 26 to July 
2 were again in Baltimore temporarily. 
July 29 broke camp at Relay House 
and left for home, arriving in Boston 
at 5 p.m., August 1. They were mus- 
tered out on Boston Common, August 
2. and then proceeded to Lowell, where 
after a reception by the citizens the 
men left for their homes. Before Jan. 
1. 1862, 171 of the men had re-enlisted. 
The Eighth Regiment was, when it 
entered the service, made up of nine 
companies from Essex and one from 
Berkshire counties, thus joining the 
mountains with the sea coast. To the 


eight companies of the regiment were 
added Company A of the Seventh 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, and 
Company A of the First Battalion of 
Massachusetts Volunteer MiliSia. It 
left Boston in the afternoon of Apnl 18, 
1861, by the Boston & Worcester R. R. 
Brigadier-General Benjamin F. Butler, 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, ac- 
companied them. It arrived in New 
York at 6 a.m., the 19th. Leaving 
there about noon, arrived in Philadel- 
phia at 6 p.m., where the news of the 
attack on the Sixth Massachusetts at 
Baltimore reached them. At noon on 
the 20th, they took cars for Baltimore. 
On arriving within half a mile of Perry- 
ville, Md., on the Susquehanna river, 
the train was stopped, the regiment 
was disembarked, and Companies J and 
K were sent forward as skirmishers fol- 
lowed by the rest of the regiment. 
Within a few moments the ferry boat 
Maryland was in their possesson with- 
out firing a shot. The entire regiment 
was soon on board, steaming down 
Chesapeake Bay, and reached Annapo- 
lis early Sunday, April 21st. The frig- 
ate Constitution was found here with 
but a small crew, and the commander 
was ready to blow her up in case of 
attack. Companies J and K were sent 
on board and preparations made to get 
her away; but in so doing, both the 
Maryland and Constitution got aground, 
remaining so until Tuesday morning, 
when the steamer Boston towed the 
Constitution off, and the rest of the 
Eighth were taken to the wharf in 
boats. Company J remaining on board 
and Company K taking a tug for Fort 
McHenry, and taking possession of the 
U. S. Steamer Alleghany, which they 
found deserted on the way. Possession 
of the Naval Academy and the railroad 
to the Junction and Washington was 
next in order, and on the 24th inst., the 
Eighth Massachusetts and the Seventh 
New York started rei)airing the rail- 
road as they proceeded towards the 
Junction, arriving there on the morning 
of the 2.5th, and at night a train with 
the Seventh New York passed on to 
Washington. On the 26th the Eighth 
took the train and reached Washington 
at 1 p.m., several regiments following 
by the route thus opened. The regi- 
ment was mustered April 30, and a few 
days later Colonel Munroe, on account 
of advanced age, resigned. The regi- 
ment remained in Washington until 
May 12, when it reached the Relay 
House at noon. Company J. having as- 
sisted in navigating the Constitution to 

New York, had returned via Fort Mon- 
roe and the Potomac river, some days 
before, and Company K returned from 
Fort McHenry on the 16th of May, and 
the regiment was all together again. 
An election being held. E. W. H:nks 
was chosen Colonel, Andrew Elwell, 
Lieutenant Colonel, arid Benjamin Per- 
ley Poore, Major. The regiment re- 
mained at the Relay House until June 
27th, when the light wing went to Bal- 
timore, where the left wing joined them 
on July 2d. From this time there were 
reviews and side trii)s, etc., until July 
29th, when the regiment started for 
home, arriving in New York the 31st, 
where, after partaking of the hospital- 
ity of the Seventh New York, they left 
for home, and August 1st found them 
once again on Boston Common, where 
they were mustered out and left for 
their several homes. Three hundred 
and thirty-six of the regiment had re- 
enlisted before January 1, 1S62. 

The Third Battalion of Rifles. Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia, was com- 
posed of four companies from Worces- 
ter county, but one company was at- 
tached to the Sixth Massachusetts, in 
April, 1861, and a company newly 
formed in Suffolk county took its place. 
It rendezvoused at Worcester under or- 
ders, April 20, 1861, and lest at 9 p.m., 
reaching New York at 8 a.m. on the 
21st. Embarked at 8 p.m. on the 
steamer Ariel. Arrived at Fort Monroe 
at 4 p.m. the 23d, thence to Annapolis, 
where it arrived the 24th, and disem- 
barking at 1 p.m.. May 2d, they boarded 
the "Maryland," and arrived at Fort 
McHenry at 6 A.M., May 3d. The bat- 
talion remained at Fort McHenry with 
occasional trips by detachments up and 
down Chesapeake Bay until July 30th, 
when it started for Massachusetts. Ar- 
rived at Worcester at 9 a.m., August 
2d. and were mustered out August 3d. 
Of the 322 men of the Battalion, 97 had 
re-enlisted before January 1. 1862. 

The Boston Light Artillery, Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia (Cook's Bat- 
tery), assembled in Boston. April 20th, 
and with guns and horses left by rail- 
road early April 21st, arriving in New 
Yoik at dark, and embarked on the 
steamer De Soto, arriving at Fort Mon- 
roe at noon oh the 23d, and at Annapo- 
lis on the morning of the 24th. May 4th 
they moved to the Relay House. June 
13th moved to Baltimore, and remained 
there until July 30th, when they left foi 
Boston. Of the 117 men 44 had re-en- 
listed before Januarv 1. 1862. 


A few words about the work of prepar- 
ing this book may not be inappropriate 
here. In 1899 George W. Nason, then 
President of the Association of "Minute 
Men of '61, gathered in a few photographs 
of comrades, had half-tone photo-electros 
made, and presented them in book form at 
the Annual Banquet in 1000. The com- 
rades were so well pleased that an effort 
was made to have a more complete volume 
prepared, he was asked to take charge of 
publication, and a committee of seven, one 
from each organization, was appointed to 
solicit photographs and historical matter. 
The work of the committee dragged along 
very slowly and vacancies were not filled. 
In 1904 Major A. S. Cushman was elected 
President of the Association, and as one of 
the committee was thereafter engaged in 
the preparaction of the, book. After his 
death Januar\- 29, 1907, his manuscript 
could not be found, hence the material 
was not available for publication. 

J3uring the ten years since the work was 
commenced the following comrailes, 
menil)ers of the committee, have died: 
(jen. David W. Wardrop, Gen. Samuel 
E. Chamberlain, Maj. Austin S. Cushman 
and Samuel C. Wright of the Third 
Regiment ; Col. .^liuer Packard of the 

P'ourth Regiment ; L/ieut. Col. Edwin C. 
Bennett, Lieut. Elisha N. Pierce, and 
Samuel H. Turner of the Fifth Regiment ; 
Lieut. Col. Benj. F. Watson of the Sixth 
Regiment ; Gen. Charles A. R. Dimon of 
the Eighth Regiment; Gen. A. B. R. 
Sprague of the Third Battalian ; George 
H. Cavanagh of the First Battery. 

In 1908 only Geo. W. Nason, then in the 
hospital with broken ribs, was alone left to 
complete the work. Some advised to stop 
but he felt that it was a labor of love for 
his comrades, and later recovering, with 
the assistance of comrades Maj. John S. 
Dean, ' 'Citizen" Thomas of Brocton, Capt. 
Charles C. Doten, Alonzo M. Shaw, Lieut. 
James L. Sherman, Lieut. William T. 
Eustis, Capa. James H. Griggs, John E. 
Bickford, James Henry Nason, Maj. John 
H. Norton, and several others who have 
furnished items of interest, is now enaljled 
to present this finished volume, trusting 
that every good comrade will appreciate 
his efforts, and that while it may not be 
perfect, yet in some measure, it will serve 
its purpose to commemorate the prompt 
response and faithful service of those who, 
leaving occupation and home, were first in 
the battle-front for the preservation of 
their country and its flag. 

CtEorge w. nason, 

36 Brom field Street, Boston, and Franklin, Mass. 


I'reface 3 

Minute Men of '61 423 

Cjeneral and Staff Officers 423 

Third Regiment, M.V.M 9 

Third Regiment M.V.M. , Roster 15 

Fourth Regiment, M.V.M 69 

Fourth Regiment M.V.M. , Ro.ster 74 

Fifth Regiment, M.V.M 123 

Fifth Regiment M.V.M., Roster 130 

National Cemeteries, List of 153 

Sixth Regiment, M.V.M 189 

Regimental vSong 200 

Sixth Regiment M.V.M., Roster 201 

Eighth Regiment M.V.M 231 

Eighth Reoiment M.V.M., Roster 237 

Company J. Eighth Regiment 246 

Veteran's Memor}- Land 269 

Third Battalion of Rifles 275 

Third Battalion of Rifles, Roster 277 

Boston Light Artillery 287 

Boston Light Artillery, Roster 289 

The Vanguard of Volunteers 331 

Old Glory, Lincoln Day 334 

The Bo\- who carried the Gun 335 

Massachusetts Minute ]\Ien, 1861 336 

Our Navy in the Civil War 342 

The ' 'Stars and Stripes' ' 359 

The Civil War of 1861-65 402 

Extract Lt. Col. Watson's, ' '6 ^Nlass '61 ' ' 403 

Song of the camps fire 407 

The Little Bronze Button 408 

The Minute Men of 1861 409 

F'acsiTiile of Resolution of 1900 414 

Illustrations 418 

Index 4 l5 



In obedience to " Creneral Order No. 4 "^ 
from ( rovernor Andrew, issued January 16, 
1861, the several companies of the Regi- 
ment had been to some extent prepared 
for active service by clearing their rolls of 
men unfit or unwilling" to respond to a call, 
and enlistment of others in their places. 
The attack on Fort vSumter on the twelfth 
and thirteenth of April ; its surrender on 
the fourteenth ; the requisition of President 
Lincoln for the state troops on the fif- 
teenth and the summons through ' ' vSpe- 
cial Order No. 14 " from Governor Andrew 
on the latter date for several regiments, 
including" the Third, to rendezvous in Bos- 
ton, April 16, was the bursting of the 
storm of war, but notwithstanding" this 
rapid sec|uence of startling" events the 
militiamen of Massachusetts were found 
readv "on the minute" as were their 
ancestors of Revolutionary fame. 

During" the early forenoon of Tuesday, 
April 16, the companies of the Third all 
reported in Boston and the Regiment was 
quartered in the hall over the Old Colony 
railroad station on South Street where in 
the afternoon it was visited by Governor 
Andrew who per.sonally ordered rations 
and comforts for the men. On the seven- 
teenth, muskets were exchanged for rifles 
at the State House, overcoats and ecjuip- 
ments were issued and at about six o'clock 
the Regiment marched down State Street 
to Central Wharf where it embarked on 
the fast side-wheel steamer, " S. R. 
Spaulding, ' ' having received an ovation the 
-whole length of the march, a national 
salute being also fired on the wharf. The 
steamer dropped off into the stream and 
anchored for the night. Thursday morn- 
ing, the eighteenth, ammunition and stores 
were taken on board and at ten o'clock the 
ship left for her destination, which was 

Fortress INIonroe, Va., the key of the mili- 
tary situation in the Fnited States. The 
" vSpaulding " was driven at her greatest 
speed and made the passage in fort\"-six 
hours, arriving ofT the fort at eight o'clock 
on Saturday morning, April 20, and the 
Third receiving a warm welcome from the 
Fourth Regiment which, proceeding by wa^- 
of New York and .steamer from that port 
had arrived two hours earlier. 

The Regiment disembarked at about 
eleven o'clock and marched into the fort 
where, no quarters having been provided, 
the men dropped on the parade ground in 
rear of their line of rifle stacks and most 
of them were soon asleep. During the 
afternoon the United States gi;nboat ' ' Paw- 
nee," Commodore Paulding, came down 
from Washington, her commander having 
discretionar}- orders to hold or destroy the 
navy yard at Norfolk as he might find 
expedient. A])plying to Colonel Justin 
Dimick, commander of the post, for 
troops, the Third, four hundred and fiftj' 
men, was ordered to report to Commodore 
Paulding" and at four o'clock went on board 
the " Pawnee " and at five the ship started 
for Norfolk. At the mouth of the Klizabeth 
River the reljels were erecting batteries 
at Sewell's Point and Crane}- Island, and 
on a line with these were obstructing the 
channel by .sinking hulks of vessels filled 
with stone, having already obtained pos- 
session of Fort Norfolk, a United States 
fortification some distance up the river. 
Resistance to the passage of the ' ' Pawnee ' ' 
was expected at places and the ship's 
crew stood at their guns ready to return 
fire, while the men of the Third, to whom 
ammunition had been distributed, together 
with a company of United States Marines, 
were ordered to lie close along the decks. 

From Fort Norfolk as the ship passed 


Minute Men of '61 

there was a hail 1)ut no hostile demonstra- 
tion, but as she reached the navy yard at 
al)ont nine o'clock the entire broadsides of 
the United States ships ' ' Pennsylvania ' ' 
and " Cninberland " were trained on her, 
the answer to the hail "What ship is 
that?" not having been understood. It 
was an instant of fearful suspense for a 
voice was distinctl\- heard saying ' ' Shall I 
fire, sir?" The answer was once more 
given, "the Pawnee," which was caught 
up and repeated from ship to ship and then 
cheer after cheer rent the air as the men 
realized that relief had come, but it was 
by the very narrowest chance that the 
' ' Pawnee ' ' had escaped being fired iipon as 
an enemy. Many vessels including the 
" Merrimac " Avhicli afterwards as a rebel 
iron-clad had the historical fight March 9, 
1862, with the "Monitor," a battle 
which revolutionized from tliat date the 
world's naval warfare, were lying at the 
Norfolk yard and an immense amount of 
material had also been accunutlated there 
by traitorous cabinet officials of Buchanan's 
administration with the intention of hav- 
ing the whole, valued at nearl}- ten mil- 
lions of dollars, fall into rebel hands with 
the breaking out of the war. It was there- 
fore of the utmost importance to prevent 
as far as possible this realization, so when 
Commodore Paulding, in view of the fact 
that the river approach to the yard was 
already commanded by the secessionists 
and in a few hours would be effectually 
obstructed In- sunken hulks as he had 
noted on coming up, decided that with his 
small force the position could not be held, 
he gave orders for the destruction of ships, 
buildings and material to the fullest pos- 
sible extent. In this arduous work the 
men of the Third were engaged with the 
seamen and force of the vard until three 
o'clock on Sunday morning, when the Reg- 
iment again embarked on the ,, Pawnee," 
which, taking the sloop of war " Cuml)er- 
land ' ' in tow with all the men of the \'artl on 
board passed down the river, leaving behind 
a sea of flames leaping from everything that 
would burn . At eight o'clock the Regiment 
re-entered the fort a very tired and hungry 
set of men, having had nothing to eat for 
nearlv twent\-four hours. 

This passage to Norfolk between rebel 
batteries on either side of the river was the 
first penetration of the enemy's lines by 
the troops of any state, and to the Third 
Massachusetts Regiment must be given the 
honor of being first troops, either voliin- 
teer or national, to perform the duties of 
active war service within the hostile 
Ijorders of the Southern Confederacy. 
The destruction of the Norfolk yard de- 
prived the rebels of millions of dollars 
worth of war material and a navy which 
they had believed within their grasp, and 
the set back which this loss occasioned to 
tlie Confederacy was in a military sense 
the counterpart of their failure to seize the 
government at Washington, resulting in 
both instances from the prompt move- 
ment of the militia of Massachusetts. 

The Regiment was mustered into the 
service of the I'nited States, April 22, 
1861, and became a part of the garrison of 
Fortress Monroe from that date. On May 
14, two companies, enlLsted for three ^-ears' 
service, were attached to the Regiment, 
Company I, Captain William D. Chamber- 
lain, raised in Lynn, and Companj* M, 
Captain Jonas K. Tyler, raised in Boston. 
Two more companies of three years' men, 
D, Captain Chas. Chipman, recruited in 
Sandwich, and K, Captain Samuel H. 
Doten, recruited in Plymouth, were 
assigned to the Regiment, May 22. 

As a part of the secession plan to have 
the government fortifications in as defence- 
less a condition as possible most of the 
guns of the fortress were unmounted and 
lying packed outside the walls. It conse- 
quently liecame the laborious dut\- of the 
Third and I'ourth Regiments, besides the 
usual routiuf of guard and garrison, to- 
gether with the unloading of vessels with 
.stores, to drag these heavy pieces of 
ordnance^ into the fort, up the ramparts, 
and mount them oi-baibettc. This fatigu- 
ing work continued daily until Jul\- 1, 
when the Regiment was ordered to occupj' 
the village of Hampton. It there took up 
quarters in the deserted houses, often 
having night scouting and harassing 
duties to perform, as the enenn- Iving in 
force nine miles away at Big Bethel, under 
General Magruder, was frequently in con- 

Minute Men of '61 


tart \\\\.\\ tlu' riiion lines, tlu'ii extending 
from Newport News tlirou,i;li Hampton to 
Fortress Monroe, the l)atlle of Big Bethel, 
the first of till.' war, having been fonght on 
tlu- tenth of June. A ilemonstration was 
made in strong force, with artillerv- and 
ca\alry, ])y the rebels to\\anls Hampton 
on tile night of July 4 and Colonel War- 
drop, with nine companies of the Third and 
seven companies of tlie Naval Brigade, 
made a counter demonstration Ijy march- 
ing out and taking position at the fork of 
the roa<ls two miles from Hampton, re- 
maining for several hours, until scouts 
reportetl that the enemy had retired be- 
yond Newmarket bridge. 

On May 23, the first reconnoisance out- 
side the Union lines was made by General 
Butler, who detailed from the Third Regi- 
ment ior the purpose a battalion of two 
companies, B of Plymouth and M of 
Boston, under connnand of Captain 
Charles C. Doten. This force proceeded 
with the (leneral by the Ijank of Back 
River and across the country seven miles 
towards Yorktown, returning at night 
without having encountered the enemy, 
but General Butler learned what he 
desired, that no rebel troops were en- 
trenched on that side of Fortress Monroe, 
the posting of which as he had been in- 
formed was the intention of Creneral 
Magruder commanding the Confederates 
at Great Bethel. 

At a later date L,ieutenant Samuel F^. 
Chamberlain with thirty-five men of 
Company C scouted up to within five miles 
of Yorktown, thence to lyee's Mills on 
James River and across the peninsula to 
Back River and returned safely after an 
absence of five days, making a report of 
the strength and position of the eneni}'^ 
which ten months afterwards was learned 
to have been remarkably correct. 

The first flag of truce in the w'ar was re- 
ceived at an outpost of the Third Regiment 
when, after the battle of Big Tetliel, Major 
Carey of the rebel forces brought in the 
watch of Major Theodore Winthrop, who 
was killed in that fight. Major Winthrop, 
when he rode out that morning wore the 
sword of Colonel Wardrop, inscribed with 
that officer's name. It was taken from 

Major Winthrop's l)ody In- a North Carolina 
officer and the report prevailed through tlie 
South tliat Colonel Wardrop of the 'i'liird 
Massachusetts had been killed in that 
action. Some years after the war was over 
the sword was returned to Colonel Wardrop. 

On July 16 the Regiment returned to 
F"'ortress Monroe and, with tlie exception 
of the companies of three years' nu-n at- 
tached, embarked for lionie on the steamer, 
"Camliridge," which .sailed at five p.m. 
and anchored off Ivong Wharf Boston early 
in the morning of the nineteenth. Adjutant 
General Schouler ordered the Regiment to 
Ivong Island in Boston harbor where it went 
into camp while necessary arrangements 
for muster out were being made. It was 
discharged from the service of the United 
States, July 22, 1861, and landing at Com- 
mercial wharf in the forenoon of the twenty- 
third was received b}- the First Corps of 
Cadets and escorted to the common where 
after review the companies were dismissed 
to their homes. 

The four companies of three years' men 
temporarily attached to the Third Regiment 
together with three companies attaclied to 
the Fourth Regiment and left at Fortress 
Monroe, remained as the " ISIassachusetts 
Battalion" until Dec. 13, 1861, when three 
new companies were added and the com- 
mand became the Massachusetts Twenty- 
Ninth Regiment, one of the bravest and 
most gallant belonging to the state. Their 
close relations with the three months' men 
and the fact that the}- were of the very first 
of the three years' enlistments from Mass- 
achusetts and New England it was felt 
properl\- entitled them to tlu- inein1)ership 
and they were accordingh' votetl into the 
" Association of Massachusetts Minute Men 
of '61." 

The Third, under Colonel Silas 1'. Rich- 
mond, served again in 1862 3 as a nine 
months" regiment in tin- Department of 
North Carolina, participating in the battles 
of Kinston. Whitehall and Goldsboro. 
Consequent upon changes in the militia 
after the war, the Third and Fourth Regi- 
ments have disappeared from the roster of 
state troops, but with patriotic regard for 
the men who .served their country so faith- 
fully and promptly in the hour of danger, 


Minute Men of '61 

Massachusetts keeps their retjiinental mun- 
bers vacant, in imitation of Napoleon's 
order that at roll-calls of his veterans the 
response should be for the absent ' ' Dead 
on the field of honor," and the remem- 
brance of these regiments lives in history, 
the archieves of the Connnon wealth, and 
the memories of a tjratefnl people. 

The Assonet l^ight Infantry 

(Co. O, Third Re.trimcnt. M.Y.M.) 

The Assonet Light Infantry Con:pan\- 
(t. Third Regiment, Second Brigade, First 
Division, M. V.M. was organized at Assonet 
\'illag'e, Freetown, Mass., June 29, 1850, 
upon the petition of Rol:)ert P. Strobridge 
and fifty-two others. 

In response to the call of President Din- 
coin for troops, the company reported for 
duty at Boston, Mass., on the morning" of 
April 16, 1861, and was quartered that 
night in Old Colony Railroad Hall. 

It embarked on the .steamer " S. R. 
vSpaulding " April 17, ami sailed the next 
day for Fortress Monroe, \a., where it 
served three months, taking part in the 
destruction of the Norfolk Navy Yard on 
the night of April 20, 1861. Overcoats, 
flannel shirts, knapsacks, haver.sacks, tin 
cups, knives and forks were issixed to the 
company on the " Spaulding. " Ammuni- 
tion was issiTed on the United States Ship 
' ' Pawnee ' " enroute from F'ortress Monroe 
to Norfolk, Va. It garrisoned Fort Cal- 
houn (The Rip Raps), Hampton Roads, 
Va., from June 24 to July 16, 1861, and 
assisted in serving the celebrated " Sawyer 
Gun" in firing at the rebel liatteries at 
Sewell's Point, Va. 

Private Charles R. Haskins while on 
guard at Hampton, Va., May 24, 1861, 
captured three negroes that were stealthily 
approaching our lines with the intention 
of escaping from slavery. He took them 
to General Butler's headquarters. Their 
master soon appeared and demanded his 
property. He admitted the slaves had 
assi.sted in building rebel fortifications. 
General Butler therefore declared them to 
be contraband of w'ar, refused to give them 
up, and set them to work in Fortress Mon- 

The compau}- was mu.stered out at Bos- 
ton, Mass., July 23, 1861, and paid ofT in 
gold at Assonet Village, August 14, 1861. 
Captain, $421.26; finst lieutenant, f;355.59; 
second lieutenant, $339.58; sergeant, 
$78.42; sergeants, $68.61; corporals, 
$55.55; privates, $49.02. 

In September, 1862, the company was 
consolidated with Company A of Halifax, 
Third Regiment IVI.V.M. and served nine 
months in the department of North Caro- 
lina, Captain John W. Marble commanding 
the company. 

In August, 1864, the members of Com- 
pany G, who had not attached themselves 
to other organizations in the field joined 
the Twenty-second Unattached Compau}-, 
Captain John W. Marble commanding, and 
served one hundred days at Camp Meigs, 
Readville, Mass. 

Third Regiment Infantry 


This Regiment was under the connnand 
of Colonel David W. Wardrop and was 
composed of troops residing in localities 
more widely .separated from their com- 
mander's headquarters and from Boston 
than any other regiment in the state, and 
therefore, in any comparisons which ma}' 
be made with other troops regarding the 
relative rapidity of their mobilization in re- 
sponding to the President's call for troops, 
this fact becomes important. It was in the 
afternoon of Monday, April 15, that Special 
Order No. 14 was issued by Governor 
Andrew and despatched by niail and special 
messengers to the respective colonels of 
the Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Eighth 
Regiments. The colonel of the Third, re- 
sided at New Bedford, a distance of fifty- 
six miles from Boston ; that of the Fourth 
at Ouincy, eight miles ; that of the Fifth 
at Medford, five miles; that of the Sixth 
at Pepperell, forty-one miles, and that of 
the Fighth at Dynn, 11 miles. The order 
was not received In- Colonel W'ardrop until 
evening. It was at once promulgated to 
Company D, and some members of his 
staff were despatched as messengers to con- 
vey his orders to the other companies. 
Horace Scott, President of the Fairhaven 

Minute Men of '61 


Railroad, gratuitously tfn<k'rt.-(l a special 
train as far as Treniout for the niesseugx-rs 
going to Halifax, Car\er, I'lynipton and 
Plymouth. The last named place was fifty- 
eight miles from New Bedford, not acces- 
sible at that time of night by railroad, nor 
were the other places above named. Yet 
Compan\- A received its orders at two a. m . , 
April 16, and Company B recei\ed its 
orders at three a.m. April 16, and both 
companies reported in Boston at noon of 
the same day. It has not 1)een possible to 
ascertain when Company G at Freetown 
received its orders, but it is credited wath 
having reported for dut\- promptly. The 
same may be said of Company H of Plymp- 
ton and Company K of Carver. The Free- 
town company had to travel forty-eight 
miles by rail; the Plympton and Carver 
companies thirty miles and the Halifax 
compau}- twent\-eight miles after leaving 
their homes, scattered miles apart, anil 
distant from the railroad stations. It is 
surprising that with the limited railroad 
facilities of those da3-s and without modern 
means of inter-communication by telegraph 
or telephone, in a cold spring northea.ster, 
over roads almost impassable with mud and 
thawing snow, that the orders should have 
been so rapidl\ transmitted and so prompth' 

Colonel David \\'. W'ardrop was highly 
proficient in militar\- tactics. He had 
served as lance corporal ii: the old Boston 
Fusileers and afterw'ards belonged to the 
City Guards of New Bedford. Some 
credited him with havitig had a West Point 
education. At all events he was in his 
element when performing any military 
duty, and inspired his men with confidence 
in his military ability. He was prompt, 
courageous, and energetic, but his regi- 
ment was small and widely scattered over 
two counties. At the time of promulgating 
Special Order No. 14, it of but 
six companies. Yet he strove with the 
Governor for the honor of being the first 
regiment to leave the State. 

Captain Richardson's company from 
Cambridge was attached to the Regiment, 
April 16, as Compau}- C. This Company 
had been raised several months before, in 
anticipation of the breaking out of hostili- 

ties, by lyieutenant Chamberlain, and on 
the call for se\c-nty-five thousand men had 
marched into Boston and tendered their 
services to the Governor as volunteers for 
three years. While at I'ortress Monroe 
the command devolved upon Lieutenant 
Samuel E. Chamberlain, as Captain Rich- 
ardson was absent on leave. On May 9, at 
Fortress Monroe, Captain Chipman's com- 
pany from Sandwich, Captain Samuel H. 
Doten's company from Pljniouth, Captain 
W. D. Chamberlain's company from Lynn 
and Captain J. K. Tyler's compan}- from 
Boston, all three \ears" companies, were 
temporarily assigned to the Third Regi- 
ment and de.signated as Companies D, F, I 
and M, respectively. 

The original companies, including Com- 
pany C, embarked on the steamer " S. R. 
Spaulding " April 17, from Central Wharf 
in the early evening and dropped down the 
harl)or to await supplies. She sailed under 
sealed orders the next forenoon to find, 
when nine miles out, that her de.stination 
was Fortress Monroe, which was reached 
at eleven a.m., Saturday, April 20, after a 
voyage of forty-seven and one-half hours. 

That afternoon the Regiment embarked 
on the gunboat "Pawnee" and at five 
o'clock proceeded to Gosport Navy Yard 
under orders from A\'ashington given to 
Commodore Paulding to destroy the dr}'- 
dock, con.struction-houses, vards, buildings 
and all vessels and munitions of war which 
could not by being removed, be secured 
against seizure by the rebels. In the dark- 
ness, and the uncertainty of whether the 
unexpected forces were friends or foes of 
the Union the " Pawnee " and all on lioard 
were for awhile exposed to the imminent 
peril of instant destruction by a l)roadside 
from the "Pennsylvania" and a raking 
fire from the " Cumberland," crews 
and some of whose ofUcers remained loyal 
to the Union and stood with shotted guns 
and lanyards in hand breathlessly awaiting 
some sign by which the character of the 
nussion of the approaching troops could 
become assured. Finally the repeated hail 
of the "Pawnee's" boatswain convinced 
the loyal sailors that loyal troops had come 
to their support, and then the night air re- 
echoed with enthusiastic shouts and added 


Minute Men of '61 

volume to the inspiriuii" strains of the ' ' Star 
Spangled Banner," which was played by 
the splendid band on the quarter-deck of 
the " Pennsylvania." 

Time has satisfied the pnl)lic that the 
place could have been held, and the enor- 
mous loss, which resulted from the attempt 
at destruction, avoided. It speaks well for 
the Third, that its Colonel was of that 
opinion at the time, and volunteered to 
hold it with his small force until reinforced. 
Commodore Paulding however felt com- 
pelled by his orders to decide otherwise, 
and soon buildings and ships were aflame 
as the various details proceeded with their 
several tasks. Rven the detail taken from 
Company B to assist in mining the dry 
dock were driven from their work by the 
extreme heat before its entire accomplish- 
ment. Two companies, A, and B, were on 
guard as a reserve, as it was knowm that 
two rebel companies were at Norfolk. 
Other details threw cutlasses, sabres, shot 
and shell into tlie river, and ever}- man 
worked energetically at his allotted task in 
the light of the great conflagration till he 
was ordered aboard the "Pawnee" for re- 
turn to Fortress Monroe, where she arrived 
Sunday, April 21, at six a.m. Thus the 
Third had been the first northern volunteer 
troops to land aggressively on southern 

The duties at Fortress Monroe were very 
arduous and fatiguing and consisted in 
strengthening its defences, and unloading, 
handling and storing the enormous amount 
of provisions and other supplies for troops, 
which it was foreseen must be concen- 
trated there and in that vicinity. The 
Regiment won the favor of the regulars, 
both officers and men, by its excellent 
discipline, its strict attention to the details 
of guard duty and its precision in infantry 
drill. Colonel Diniick, the commandant, 
complimented Colonel Wardrop on com- 
manding such a regiment, though the 
guard at the sea Ijattery had, the night 
before, for not answering upon being thrice 

challenged fired at the boat in which Col- 
onel Diniick was returning from the 
"Minnesota," and wounded the cox- 
swain, near whom Colonel Dimick was 

As soon as contral)ands came into our 
lines in sufficient numljers (and Conipau}- 
G has the honor of turning in the first 
three, who applied for protection to Charles 
R. Haskins of Myricksville while on picket) 
they were assigned to the heavier labors of 
the quartermaster's department. The 
Regiment was thus enabled to pay more 
attention to its ordinary military duties. 
May 13, two companies and a field piece 
held Hampton bridge, and INIay 24, Com- 
panies B and M made a reconnoissance 
with General Butler and took two prison- 
ers. June 8, Company C, under command 
of Ivieutenant Chamberlain, with loaded 
muskets suppressed insubordination in the 
"Naval Brigade." They were finally re- 
lieved by Company F, June 17. 

July 1, the Regiment was ordered to oc- 
cupy Hampton, a code of signal -lights was 
devised by the adjutant and Companies A, 
Band C. constituted the main guard. A 
rebel force was being organized at Big 
Bethel under General Magruder. Here, 
during the remainder of its term it gained 
experience in entrenching with the ther- 
mometer at 114 and scouting with the 
thermometer still one degree higher. One 
occasion (July 5), Companies h. B and F, 
with a howitzer batter}- were stationed on 
picket all night, when an attack was ex- 
pected. July 14, a private of Company F 
was shot and beaten, but not killed, while 
outside our lines. On Jul}- 16, the Regi- 
ment marched to Fortress Monroe, and 
embarked on the steamer, "Cambridge," 
for Boston. On July 19, touched at Long 
Wharf and was ordered into camp at Ivong 
Island. On July Z2 the Regiment was 
mustered out of the service of the Ignited 
States. The next day it landed at Boston, 
marched to the Common amidjgreat en- 
thusiasm and was dismissed. 

Minute Men of '61 


Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 


'^Colonel, David W. Wardrop, New Bedford. 

Lictitenant Colonel, Ch arises Raymond, Plymouth. 

Major, John H. Jennings, New Bedford 

*S!(rgcoti, Alex. R. Holmes, New Bedford. 

*Assista)it Surgeon, Johnson Clark, New Bedford. 

Adjutant, Austin S. Cushman, New Bedford. 

Quarter Master, Edward D. AllEN, Fairhaven. 

*Sergeant Jfajor, Alberto C. Maggi, New Bedford. 

Quarter Master Sergeant, Frederick S. Gifford, New Bedford. 

Roster Co. A, Third Massachusetts 
Regiment, Minute Men of '61 

(Halifax LiKlit Infantry.) 

Organized in 1792. The response to the 
call for their services in 1861 proved that 
the spirit of 1812 was not extinct. Orders 
were received by the captain at two o'clock 
on the morning of April 16, and though the 
members were scattered in eight different 
towns they were notified, and in a few 
hours assembled at the depot where they 
took the train for Boston that morning. 
Ireing among the first to arrive. 

'\Capt., Joseph S. H.a.rlow, Middleboro. 
^Ist. Lieut., Cephas Washbukn Jr., 

2d. Lieut., Charles P. Lyon, Halifax. 

1st. Sergt., Arthur Harris, Bridgewater. 
t.SVr^-/'., Oreb F. Mitchell, Middfeboro. 
*Sergt., Erastus W. Everson, Dedham. 
*Theodore L. Bonney, Hanson. 
jCor/)., Albert Josselyn, Pembroke. 

Corp.. Charles L,. Bryant, Bridgewater. 
'\Corp., Frederick O. Everson, Han.son. 

Corp., James W. Bryant, Middleboro. 

*Alexander, John F E. Bridgewater 

Bonne}-, Morton V Hanson 

fBourne, George H 

*Bourne, Josiah 

Bourne, Sylvanus Halifax 

*Br3'ant, Francis E 

tBryant, Oliver E 

*Capen, Alonzo Hanson 

Corser, Charles W 

*Goddard, William D Brookline 

Godfrey, Merritt, R Halifax 

*Gurney, Ebenezer H Hanson 

tHarden, Benjamin Bridgewater 

*Hayward, Lewis B Halifax 

Hill, Francis C Hanson 

Hill, Jacob P 

*Holmes, Freeman Bridgewater 

Holmes, Lewis J 

Hood, William W Hanson 

Howard, Willard 

*Hurley, Patrick Bo.ston 

*Jordan, Charles S 

Lee, George H Bridgewater 

tLyon, William A Halifax 

Marston William T 

tMitchell, Ophir D INIiddleboro 

Morton, Nathaniel Halifax 

tPoole, Horace W 

fPoole, Isaac 

*Pratt, Selden 

Raymond, Lsaac E 

Rice, George Charlestown 

tSmith, Jason Hanson 

Smith, Reuben, Jr 

fThayer, Edwin S 

Tinkham, William M Middleboro 

* White, Charles A Boston 

Young, Edward C 

*Re-enlistecl at end of three months' service and 
niogt of the others during war. 


Minute Men of '61 

Company B, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Staiidish Guards.) 

Organized in 1818, and reorganized in 
1851. At three a.m. , April 16, 1861, Captain 
Doten received his orders by a special 
courier from New Bedford. At 9.30 o'clock 
the same morning the company left Ply- 
mouth, arriving in Boston at noon and 
were quartered at the Old Colony depot 
where other members joined them in the 

Captain, CharlivS C. Doten, Plymouth. 

* First L ieiit. , ( )Tis ROGERS, Plymouth. 
'^2d. Lieutenant, Wieeiam B. Aeexander, 


* First Sergt.^ Charles H. Drew, Plymouth. 
*Sergt., Ivcander Iv. Sherman, Plymouth. 
*Sergeant, F'rank C. Goodrich, Boston. 
*Sergt., Jacob W. South worth, Plymouth. 

Corporal, Job B. Oldham, Plymouth. 
Corporal, Augustus H. Fuller, Phniouth. 
Corporal, James H. Robbins, Plymouth. 
^Corporal, Thomas B. Atwood, Aliington. 

*Allen, Sherman, Plymouth 

* Atwood, Timoth\- S Abington 

Barnes, Charles E Plymouth 

Barnes, George R 

Barnes, L/Cvonzo D 

Barnes, Nathaniel V 

Barnes, William E 

Bartlett, Amasa M 

Bramhall, Ellis B 

Brown, Caleb N 

*Burbank, David W 

*Burbank, William S 

Chase, George H 

Churchill , Robert B 

*Crosby, Charles C Waltham 

*Davis, Albert R Plymouth 

*Drew, Josiali R 

*Drew, Stephen C 

Dixon, Lyman 

Faunce , lyemuel B 

Faunce, Solomon F Plymouth 

Fish, George H 

*P'uller , Theodore vS 

*Gilmore, Alexander Natick 

*Haley , Thomas Plymouth 

Handy, Azel \< So. Woodstock, Ct. 

*Harlow, S}lvanus R Boston 

*Hartin, John P" Kingston 

Holljrook, Pvliphalet Plymouth 

Holmes, Charles H 

Holmes, Isaac T 

*Holnies, Frederick 

Howard, Daniel I) 

*Jones, Charles 

*Jordan, Charles N 

*Leach, Frank S 

*Ducas, Daniel Al:)ington 

*Lucas, John S Roxbury 

Mason , Charles Plymouth 

*Newhall , Alfred P Dyun 

Perkins, Henry Plymouth 

Perry, Charles M 

Pierce, Charles W 

Pope, Rufus H 

Prior, Frastus O Abington 

*Raymond, Harvev A 

Ripley, George W Boston 

Ripley, Henr}- Plymouth 

Robbins, Francis H 

Roberts, James I Boston 

Sherman, Winslow B Plymouth 

*Sniith, Fdward 

*Soule, William Kingston 

*Standish, James C Plymouth 

Swift, John 

Sylvester, John 

Tribble, James 

* Williams, John B 

*Re-enHsted at end of three months' service and 
most of the others during the war. 

Minute Men of '61 


Company C, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

The first company raised in Massachu- 
setts for the war, was formed January 
1861. They received their orders at 10.30 
o'clock in the evening; of April 16, and 
reported themselves at the State House 
early next morning, where the officers 
were chosen and commissioned, and left 
for Fortress Monroe where they arrived 
on April 20. 

*Capf., James P. Richardson, Cambridge. 
*lst. Lieut., SamueIv F. Chamberlain, 

*_V. Lieut., Kdwin F. Richardson, 


*lst. Sergi., John Kinnear, Cambridge. 

*Sei'gt., Francis M. Doble, Bo.ston. 

*Scrgt., George W. Smith, Caml)ridge. 

*Se/gt., Conrad D. Kinnear, Cambridge. 

Corp., Arcr.sTrs A. Thurston, 


*Co!p., Daniel F. Brown, Cambridge. 

*L'orp., Benjamin F. Dexter, Cambridge. 

*Corp., John F. Howe, Cambridge. 
Corp., Richard T. Marvin, Cambridge 
Musician. John C. Copp, Cambridge. 

Arkerson, Leonard Camljridge 

*Bate, Andrew J 

*Baxter, Joseph H 

*Berry, Alljert C 

Berry, Fdward Boston 

Black, Isaac H Cambridge 

Bourne, Robert T 

*Brown, Charles B 

Brown, Daniel V 

Bushnach, Solomon ^I 

Cartwright, Joseph P 

Cate, James H 

Chandler, Edwin T Lexington 

^Chandler, Frederick Cambridge 

*Chandler, William 

Clark, William H 

*Colley, William A 

*Costello, Thomas 

Craljbie, Roljert I) Cambridge 

*Cronin, Jere C, Jr 

^Cunningham, Hugh Boston 

*Davis, Llewellyn P., Jr Cambridge 

Dakin, Charles R 

p;ilison, Lowell 

P'airbanks, Edward E. vStafford Springs, Ct. 

Frederick.son, Thomas W Cambridge 

*Gaf ney , John C 

*Gamble, Robert J 

Gaml)le, Thomas 

*( Tay , Joseph 

(yreen, John Abington 

Griffing, Aljner A Camljridge 

Haley, James \\' 

Harty, Samuel L 

Hastings, (leorge H 

*Hawkes, Levi 

Hay ward, William .A 

Hill, PYederick A Boston 

Hitchcock, Simon D Cambridge 

*Holt, Alfred F 

*Howard, Patrick 

Howlett, Charles ISI 

Kavannaugh, William Abington 

Kelley, Frank E Boston 

Kennedy, Paul Cambridge 

Kinnear, Conrad D 

King, John W Stoneham 

Lamson. George W Camljridge 

*Libljey, Samuel H 

Jvucv , Samuel C 

Luc}", Thomas H 

*I\Iartin, Thomas 

*Marvin. Richard T 

Mason, Alfred J 

Mayers, Joseph 

*McI)onald, Thomas Dorchester 

IMcOuillan, Eugene H Cambridge 

McQuillan, Michael 

Melcher, Daniel R 

Moore, Horatio C Claremont, X. H. 

Nickels, George T Camljridge 


Minute Men of '61 

Norris, Thomas A. B., Jr Cainl)ri(lge 

reiiniinan, James \\' 

*reirce, Calvin D 

*rreston, Thomas Roxbur\- 

Richards, William W Dorchester 

Russell, William R Boston 

Shannon, William Camljridge 

*Sliee(l\', James Boston 

*vSlate, Charles S Cambridge 

Sloconib, Samuel F 

vSniith, Henry A 

Smith, John 

Stetson, Charles K Boston 

*Stone, Warren F Cambridge 

*Sullivan, Michael Boston 

Sullivan, Timoth\- Fall River 

Tibbetts, William H .Cambridge 

Titus, Charles H Walpole, N. H. 

Trulan, Edwin H Cambridge 

Vose, John Somerville 

*Waters, George \\' Canil)ridge 

Wheelock, George W 

White, Henry 

*White, John A 

* Wilson, Andrew Dorchester 




Minute Men of '61 


Company D, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of ^61 

(Afterwards Compain' I), T\vcnt.\-Xinth Massachusetts Volunteers.) 

This company was organized in Sandwich 
early in May, 1861, and left for Boston, 
May 17, and direct from thence to Fortress 
Monroe. A flag was presented them by 
Major S. B. Phinney, of Barnstable. 



Charles Chipman, Sandwich, commis- 
sioned Major of the Regiment Decemljer 
13, 1861. 

Charles Bkadv, Sandwich, promoted 
from First Lieutenant, January- 4, 1862. 

First Lieutenant, Henry A. Kern, Sand- 
wich, promoted from Second Lieutenant, 
January 4, 1862. 

Second Lieutenant, Augustus D. A}-ling, 
Lowell, commissioned January 4, 1862. 



Stuart, William Baltimore 

Atherton, James H Sandwich 

Brady, Edward 


Coleman, David B Barnstable 

Hamlin, Benj. IL, Sandwich, promoted 

Breese, William, Sandwich, promoted 

McKenna, Michael, Sandwich 

Crocker, George E., Provincetown com- 
missioned Fife Major of the Regiment. 
Dalton, Christopher B., Sandwich 


Badger, George W Sandwich 

Badger, Gustavus A 

Ball, James 

Bruce, George F 

Collins, John T Sandwich 

Cox, James 

Cook, James 

Clancey , Patrick 

Chapman, Thos. \V New Bedford 

Cheval, Alfred. . Sandwich 

Campbell, John 

Darby, Thos. F., E. Cambridge, promoted 
to corporal. 

Dean, Timothy .Sandwich 

Dean, Warren P 

Donnelly, Edward 

Eaton , Joseph W 

Eldridge, Perez 

Fagan , John 

Fuller, Benj 

(yinne}-, James 

Hunt, Samuel W 

Hathawa\', Alden P New Bedford 

Harkins, Charles G Sandwich 

Heslin, Michael, .Sandwich, discharged. 

Heald, James H Sandwich 

Hoxie, David A., Sandwich, killed at New- 
port News by the explosion of Sawyer's 
gun, Feb. 1S62. 

Hoxie, Z. H Sandwich 

Hoxie, D. H 

Jones, Charles E 

James, Wm. D New Bedford 

Keene, David S Sandwich 

Kehn, Martin L. Jr., Sandwich, promoted 
to corporal. 

Long, I'atrick Sandwich 

McElroy, Patrick 

McNulty , Peter 

McAlanery, John 

McDermott, Wm 

Phinne}-, Isaac H 

Russell, Peter , 

Robbins, C. F 

Russell, Philip 

Smith, William J 

Swift, Francis C 

Turner, Joseph 


Minute Men of '61 

Wrii^ht, Chas. S Sandwicli 

Wright, Anderson 

Woods, John 

tWoods, Wni. H 

Woods, I'rancis 

Woods, Jas. H 

Ward , Jas 

Woodward, Win. H 


Bunipus, F. G Warehani 

Ford, N. C Barnstable 

Gaffney, A. J E. Cambridge 

Haines, J. B Sandwich 

Madigan , J. J 


During: the Southern Rebellion Presi- 
dent I/incoln called for the following 
troops, which promptly responded 

April 15. 'ei. 75,000. 3 months. 
May 3, '61. 82.748, 3 years. 
July 22, '61. 500.000. 3 year.s. 
July 2, "62. 30,000, 3 years. 
Aug. 9. '62, 300.000, 9 months. • 
June 16. '63, 1.000, 6 months. 
Oct. 17. '63. 300,000. 2 years. 
Feb. 1. '64, 200,000. 2 years. 
March 14. '64. 200,000, 3 years. 
April 23. '64.'85,000, 100 days. 
July 18, '64, 500,000 / 

Dec. 19, '64. 300,000 

1. 2. 3 years. 

United States "Wars 

War of the Revolution, 1775-8. 

Indian War in Ohio Territory. 

War with the Barbary States. 

Tecumseh Indian war. 1811. 

War with Great Britain. 1812. 

Algerine war. Rhode Island, 1841. 

First .Seminole war. 1817. 

Black Hawk war, 1831. 

.Second .Seminole war, 1856. 

Mexican war, 1846-S. 

Mormon war, 1856. 

Civil war. .Southern rebellion, 1861-5. 

Modoc war, 1,872. 

War with Spain, 1898. 

War with Philiiipine Islands, 1899. 

Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Farewell 
Order to his Men 

General Joseph f;. Johnston, in his farewell 
order to his confederate army, said: "I^ay down 
\oiu- arms, cease your bloodshed and go back to 
your homes and make as good law abiding citizens 
as yon have made good .soldiers, for we must all 
again live under the same government." 

Representative Recruits in the "War of the 

During the war of the rebellion, six hundred and 
twenty-seven residents of Massachusetts, persons 
not liable to do military service, or subject to any 
draft, furnished to the United States six hundred 
and thirty-two representative recruits : that is. 
they hired and paid lor this number of men to 
represent them in the war for the loreservation of 
the Union. One very interesting fact relative to 
the above is. that out of the six hundred and 
twenty-seven fm-nishiirg recruits, eighty-seven of 
them were women. 

" On fame's eternal camping .grounds. 
Their silent tents are spread, 
And .glory guards, with solemn rounds. 
The bivouac of the dead." 

Cost of Wars 

Italian War S3i)(l.000.0(i0 and 45.000 lives. 

Prussia and Austrian War 5333,000.000 and 
45.000 lives. 

Russia an<l Turkish War S135.000.000 and 250,000 

France and Prussia War 54,000,000,000 and 196,000 

Russia and p:ngland War $2,000,000,000 and 750,000 

United States War • of the Rebellion 1861-1865 
$7,400,000,000 and 830,000 lives. 

History says "the loss of the war of 1S12 was 1 in 
S5. "Mexican war 1 in 20. War of the Rebellion 1 in 7. 

Union l/oses During; The "War of the 

Cause of Death. Officers 

Killed or died of wounds 
Died of disease 

Other accidental death;^ 

Killed after capture 
Committed suicide 

Executed by the enemy 
Died from sunstroke 
Other known causes 
Causes not stated 


i 6.365 




































9.584 349,912 359,496 

Minute Men of '61 


Company E, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Afterwards Company E- Twenty-Ninth Massachusetts Vohmteers.) 

Enlisted May 6, 1861, for three years 
unless sooner discharged. Enil>arked at 
Boston for Fortress Monroe on jVIay 18, 
and temporarily attached to Third Regi- 


SamukI. H. DoTEN, Plymouth. 
John B. Coleingwood, Plymonth, ap- 
pointed Adjutant of the Regiment. 
Freeman A. Tabor, New Bedford, com- 
missioned December 16, 1861. 


Thomas A. M.wo, Plymouth. 



Robbins, Edward Iv Plymouth 

Jenks, Horace A 

Atwood, John M 

Morey, George S 

Winsor, Peter, Kingston, promoted ser- 

Wadsworth, George E Plyiuoutli 

Standish, Winslow B 

Fuller, Ichabod C 


Adams, Colvimbtis Kingston 

Atwood, Charles Carver 

Alexander, John K Plymouth 

Barnes, Winslow 

Be3-tes, Antonie, Kingston 

Burgess, Nathaniel Plymouth 

Barnes, Moses S 

Burrows, Simeon H., wounded in a skir- 
mish July 14, 1861 

Barnes, Ellis D Plymouth 

Burbank, George E 

Bradford, George Ic 

Blanchard, Andrew 

Barnes, W. C 

Blake, Eawrence R 

Bradford, Cornelius 

Bumpus, Benjamin !•' 

Churchill , Sylvanus E 

Collingwood, Thomas 

Dunham, Barnabas 

Pvddv, Henry F 

Freeman, Philander 

Grooding, \\'illiam P., promoted corporal.. 

(ray, Timothy E , 

Hayden , Thomas W 

Holbrook, James S., promoted corporal. . . 

Holmes, Orrin D 

Holmes, Setli E 

Harlow, Samuel H., promoted corporal. . . 

Howland, William H 

Hall, John F., wounded l)v the bttrsting of 
Sawyer's gun at Newport News, Febru- 
ary, 1862 

Harkins, Alexander 

Kimball, Henry A., promoted corporal... 

IVIullen , Thomas P 

Merriam, Charles E 

INIiddleton, \\"illiam R Carver 

Morton E. B. promoted corporal.... 


Morey, William 

Morton , Isaac , Jr 

Morrison, John E 

Nicker.son, William T 

Pierce, George F 

Paty, Seth W., l)adly wotmded by the 

bursting of Sawyer's gtm at Newport 
News : 

Pittee, William H 

Penber, John H . . 

Phinney, Otis W Plympton 

Robbins, Henrj^ H Plymouth 


Minute Men of '61 

Robbins, Alliert R Plymoutli 

Sinnnins, Albert 

Siniinons, Frank H 

Thomas, Frank A Plymouth 

\'anghan, P'rederick H 

Vaughan, Leander M 

Standish , Wiles Warner, Alfred B. , promoted corporal , 

Swift, William. 

Washburn, John Kingston 

Shannon , John Williams, David Plymouth 

Smith, Patrick Whiting, Joseph B 

Stillman, James E Wright, Sanuiel C 

Thrasher, vS. D \\'illiams, William 

Thompson, Walter Plympton 

^April 15, 1861, while Captain Knott V. 
Martin of Marblehead was butchering a hog, 
Adjutant Edward W. Hincks, (afterwards 
(Ven'l Hinck-) arrived at five p.m. with the 
first Call from President Lincoln, sent by 
Governor Andrew, and within an hour Cap- 
tain Martin's Company was on the road and 
the first equipped to arrive in Boston. 

Minute Men of '61 


Compan}^ G, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Assoiift Ei.ylit Infantry.) 

Was organized in 1S50. TIk- company 
promptly responded to the call in April, 
1861, and served three months with the 
Third Regiment at Fortress ]\I<niroe ami at 
the Rip Raps. 

Capf., John W. Marble, Freetown. 
Isf. Lieut., Humphrey A. Francis, 

*2)id. Lieut., John M. Dean, Freetown. 
*lst. Sei'gt., James H. Hathaway, 

*Sergf., George D. \Vielia:\is, Freetown. 
Corp., Frederic Thayer, Freetown. 
Corp., Chester W. Briggs, Freetown. 

Clark, James C 

Haskell , James H 

Haskins, Charles R Tannton 

Haskins, Ephraim H 

Haskins, George H Freetown 

Haskins, Rnssell Tannton 

Haskins, Urial 

Hathaway, Russell H F'reetown 

Hill, David B 

Mai com, John = Taunton 

IMckens, Luther Freetow'U 

Pierce, Columbus Taunton 

Putnam, George P" Nashua, N. H. 

Read , Fdward E Freetown: 

Richmond, Welcome H 

Whittaker, James H. . ., Taunton 

Winslow, Benedict A P'reetown 



Minute Men oe '61 

Compan}^ H, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Samoset f.uards.) 

Organized in 1835. Was first organized 
as a rifle company, and subsequently the 
charter was changed making it an infantry 
company. I^ike the other companies of 
the Regiment they had Imt a short notice, 
Imt were ready to start with the others on 
the seventeenth of April for Fortress 

Capt., LuciEN Iv. Perkins, I'lympton. 
1st. Lieut., ().sc.A.K E. Wa.shburn, 

2nd. Lieut., Schthworth Lorinc, 


1st. Scrgi., Ira S. Holmes, I'lympton. 

Sergi., Jon.athan C. Beanchard, 


Serg-t., John B. Wright, Plympton. 

Sergt., Oliver H. Bryant, Kingston. 

Corp., Edwin A. Wright, Plympton. 
*Co/p., John Jordan, Plympton. 
*Corp., Henry K. Eeeis, Phmipton. 

Corp., Alexander Iv. Ceiurchill, 


Atwood , Josiah E 

Atwood, Benjamin S 

Alden, William C Middleljoro 

Baldwin, George W Aldington 

Beaton, Henry F Plympton 

Benson, Calvin Abington 

*Blakeman, Daniel Pembroke 

*Brown, Lorenzo E Middleboro 

Bryant, George B Kingston 

*Chandler, Marshall N Pembroke 

Churchill , Ezra vS Plympton 

*Churchill, Frederick S Plympton 

*I)arling, Albert A 

*Dwyer , Daniel Abington 

Eldredge, William P Plympton 

Foy , William Abington 

*Foley , Daniel Plympton 

PVench, Francis E Abington 

*Hammond, Josiah P Plympton 

*Hartwell, Seth E Middleboro 

*Haynes, Frederic New Bedford 

*Harrin, Philander S Abington 

Jones, Charles H Plympton 

Keene, Briggs O Kingston 

*Eeach, Melvin G 

Eoud , Eemuel J Abington 

Meserve, Solomon No. Abington 

Morton, Thomas, Jr Middleljoro 

*Parris, Robert 

Phinney, Edward F Plympton 

*Phinney, Israel B 

Raymond, Lucius S Middleljoro 

Reed, Seth D Abington 

*Rickard, Warren IMympton 

*vShepard, Frank H Boston 

Shean, Michael Alnngton 

Thomas, Francis S Middleboro 

Thomi:)Son, Samuel G Abington 

Tirrell , Major 

*Towle, John A 

Turner, Alonzo 

Vanghan, Alvin P Carver 

Wade, Lewis T Halifax 

*Willis, James F Alnngton 

*\Vright, Rufus N Plympton 


Minute Men of '61 


Company I, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Afterwards mertred into Coinpan.\- I, T\vciit.\-Kiiitli Massachusetts Volunteers.) 

This company was recruited In- Captain 
Chamberlain April 19, 1S61, and was 
originally intended for three months' ser- 
vice. May 8, this company marched to 
the State House, Boston, voted to enlist 
for three years, and May 10 sailed for 
P'ortress Monroe in the steamer, "Pem- 
broke,'" and attached to the Third Regi- 



W'li.LiAM D. Chamberlain, I^ynn. 

FIRST lieutenant. 

A. Augustus Oliver, Lynn. 

SECOND lieutenant. 

John E. Smith, Lynn, wounded by the 
explosion of the Sawyer gun at New- 
port News, Va., February, 1862. 



Burns, William H l^ynn 

Barnicoat, John W" 

Atwill, Aaron C 

Goodwin, Frank 


Parker, Gardner Lynn 

Hay, Henry E 

Downing, Nathaniel J 

Townsend, George 


Adams, William H Iv}nn 

Armstead , George W 

Badger, Joseph IVI 

Betton, Charles I 

Bonner, Charles C 

Bowman, W. A\\ Swampscott, severeh 

\\otinded at the explosion of a Saw\er 
gun at Newport News, Februar}- 6, 1862. 
Blanev, Augustus A., vSwampscott, taken 
prisoner October 21, carried to Ricli- 
mond January 3, was released, and 
returned to the compan\-. 

Caldwell, Joseph P vSwampscott 

Childs, Isaac H 

Chesley, William 

Chamberlain, Charles 

Cumniings, John H 

Daily, William P 

Dearmid, James G New Hampshire 

Dow, Charles S Lynn 

Dow, John C 

Dow, Joseph A 

Durgin, Join: A 

Forsj'th , George W 

Fowler, George P 

(ilass, Thomas L 

( Trover, Lucius B 

Greene, William P 

Gould, Daniel Maine 

Hall, John H Lynn 

Hammond , George H 

Harris, Charles V, vSwampscott 

Hillis, Alonzo Lynn 

Horton, George Swampscott 

Jewett, George W Lynn 

Kemp, Elbridge G 

Lee , David 

Linsdey, George A 

Millett, Joseph A Swampscott 

Moulton, John B Lynn 

Moulton, Solomon 

Miller, John S Manchester 

Phillips, Jacob Lynn 

Pickett, Thomas ' . . 

Rawson, Elbridge M 

Rich, George H 

Rogers, Clifford I 

Rand , Curtis S 

Shaw, John H 


Minute Men oe '61 

Swan, David A Lynn Clark, Ira A. 

Swan, William R Clark, Frederick A. 

Swain, fjames M Collins, Jennison P. 

Sullivan, Georg;e Clougli, Melvin F. 

Tarr, Andrew H Newburyport Doak, Oliver H. P. 

Thompson, Benjamin F, Lynn Dunsmore, Andrew. 

Williams William K Fields, Orrin. 

Willey, Isaac O Gardner, Benjamin S. 

Gove, Charles F. 


MASSACHUSETTS. !!^^th, Fben F 

Keyer, Walter A. 

Batchelder, Edward G. McNulty, Dominic. 

Batchelder, John O. Short, Joseph A. 

Bartoll, Thomas R. Williams, Lyman R. 

Minute Men oe '61 


Company K, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Bay State Light Infantry.) 

Organized in 1852. I^ieutenant William 
S. McFarlin was chosen captain and was 
acting- in that capacity at the time the 
Regiment was ordered into active service 
in April, 1861. A part of the company 
were unable to leave at tliis time, but 
soon after joined their comrades at 
Fortress IMonroe. 

*C(7/>/.. Wir.Li.\M S. McFarlin, S. Carver. 

Is/. Lieut., John Dunham, No. Carver. 

*J;/(/. Lieid., Francis L. Porter, 

New Bedford. 

1st. Sergi., Asa Shaw, Middleboro. 
*.Sergt., Hiram O. Tillson, Carver. 

Scrgt., Robert P. Morse, Carver. 
*Sergt., Linus A. vShaw, Carver. 
*Coi'p., Elbridge a. Maxim, Middleljoro. 

Corp., Charles M. Packard, vSandwich. 

Corp., Ebenezer a. Shaw, Middleboro. 

Corp., Henry W. Winslev, Wareham. 

*Atwood, Eli, Jr Middleboro 

*Atwood , John S 

Bates , George E Carver 

*Battles, Otis h Wareham 

Benson, Jeremiah 

*Bent, Joseph F '. Carver 

Besse, Elisha G Wareham 

Besse , James W 

Booth, Charles R New Bedford 

*Bumpus, David P Wareham 

Bumpus, Hosea C 

Burgess, Howard Sandwnch 

Carsley, William W Fairhaven 

Caswell, Leander W Wareham 

*Chipman, George E 

*Chubbuck, Benjamin C 

Cobb, John M Carver 

*Coggeshall, Josiah W 

*Crittenden, John F Wareham 

Davenport, John M New Bedford 

Dunham, Jo.seph W W^areham 

*French , George H 

*(Tammons, George N Middleboro 

CMfiford, Henry M New Bedfonl 

Gould , Loring P Boston 

*Heath, George M Wareham 

Howland, George W., 3d. . .New Bedford 

^Jefferson, Martin F Middleboro 

Luscomb, George G New Bedford 

McFarlin, Henry L Middleboro 

*Morse, Levin S 

Murdock, Charles C Wareham 

Phinney, Sylvester O vSandwich 

Phinney, William W 

Raymond, William B Wareham 

Rounseville, ' William H 

Ryan, James 

Sampson, Thomas W Middleboro 

Sanborn , John D Carver 

Seaver, Joseph N Wareham 

Shaw, George H Carver 

Shaw, Jonathan W 

Sherman, Joseph S Wareham 

vShurtleff, Seth H 

Stringer, James H Carver 

Stringer, Joseph 

Tillson, Hiram B 

Tinkham, Joseph W Wareham 

Tripp, Stephen T 

Vail, Isaac B Carver 

Henry W. Winsby Wareham 

* Re-enlisted at end of service; most of the others 
soon after 


Minute Men oe '61 

Company L, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(New Bedford Guards.) 


Company L/ was generally known as the 
"New Bedford City Guards." The first 
meeling for its organization was held 
Jnly 22, 1852, and on August 31 follow- 
ing George A. Bourne was commissioned 
its Captain. He had previously been com- 
missioned Captain of Company K in the 
Third Regiment Light Infantry, Second 
Brigade, First Division, which existed in 
New Bedford and was known as the ' ' City 
Guards. ' ' Captain Bourne resigned Jan- 
uary 19, 1847, and the Company was dis- 
banded August 8, 1849. Captain Bourne 
commanded the "New Bedford City 
Guards" till 1854, when he resigned, and 
was succeeded by Captain Timothy Ingra- 
ham who was in command at the time of 
the receipt of Special Order No. 14, dated 
April 15, 1861, which ordered the company 
to report immediately in Boston. 

The New Bedford City Guards under 
Captain Ingraham soon became noted for 
proficiency in drill. His son was a cadet 
at West Point, and through him the father 
was able to be kept fully informed in 
advance of publication of all changes 
adopted by the War Department. The 
company not only adopted the complete 
uniform of the cadets, but excelled in the 
tactics afterwards promulgated by the War 
Department as ' ' Hardee's Tactics, ' ' which 
formed a part of the instruction at West 
Point. As a part of their fatigue dress the 
Guards wore a unique scarlet jacket from 
which they were jocularly termed when at 
exercise drills, the " Dolxster-backs. " Be- 
sides their complement of company officers 
they had an independent staff and a full 
band. They drilled as a battalion as well 
as a company. They acquired many of 
the improvements which characterized the 

noted Ellsworth Zouaves and prided them- 
selves upon excellence in skirmishing 
drills, the "silent manual," bayonet exer- 
cise, and guard duty. 

When Governor Andrew issued his pre- 
paratory order of January 16, 1861 almost 
the entire company volunteered to respond 
to any call for duty without the borders of 
the state so that when Special Order 
No. 14 was pronuilgated late in that Mon- 
day evening, April 15, they flocked to their 
armory as the news spread, to learn of the 
arrangements for their departure. There 
was little sleep that night in the homes of 
its members. What might Ije their ulti- 
mate destination none could decide. An 
ominious darkness shrouded the immediate 
future into which they were being ushered, 
trusting in Providence and confident in 
their acquired militar}' knowledge. The 
few short hours before their departure 
were devoted to hasty arrangements to 
provide for their families and business 
while absent. Early the next morning 
they responded to the roll-call and at 
eight o'clock left the armory for an uncer- 
tain future. Their uniform was similar to 
that worn by the West Point cadets, — a 
beautiful grey, black and gold. 

Meanwhile the citizens had organized a 
fitting puljlic demonstration of patriotic 
feeling to bid them God-speed, so that 
they were not permitted to leave until the 
city's great heart found expression by a 
popular clergyman craving devine protec- 
tion to its gallant youth and Ex-Governor 
John Henry Clifford had eloquenth' bade 
a final farewell with thrilling assurances of 
civic pride and neighborly love, pledging 
the united support of the entire commun- 
ity. Then to the inspiring music of its 

Minute Men of '61 


own blind the company marched to the 
Fairhaven ferry accompanied 1)y snch an 
enthusiastic crowd as never before had 
l^een seen in thecit}-. Owingto the extra- 
ordinary iluties imposed npon the railroads 
which somewhat interfered with the regu- 
lar train schednU-s the company did not 
reach Boston till noon. It was quartered 
temporarily near the Old Colony depot and 
at night, through the courtesy of the New 
Kngland (luards, slept in their quarters 
over the Bo3deston Market. Ivieutenant 
Porter returned to New Bedford. 

The next day, W'ednesdav April 17, Lieu- 
tenant liarton joined his company in Bos- 
ton. In tile afternoon it marched to the State 
House, received its colorsand was addressed 
liv Governor John A. Andrew, and then, 
amid the most enthusiastic demonstrations 
of the excited populace proceeded to Cen- 
tral Wharf where it emljarked on the 
steamship " S. R. Spaulding," which 
dropped down the harbor awaiting sup- 
plies. While at anchor down the l)a_v 
on A])ril IS, a b-oat came alongside 
and a young man clambered over the side 
who stated that he wanted to enlist. He 
v^as instantly recognized by Lieutenant 
Cushman as Edward L. Pierce, a former 
c illege-mate, and at once enrolled in Com- 
pany ly. At Fortress Monroe, as soon as 
"contrabands" came flocking around the 
fort for protection , he was assigned to the 
congenial ihity of caring for their welfare, 
and proved a most useful acquisition. At 
thf Liid of his duty at Fortress Monroe he 
was appointed to perform similar service 
at Port Royal, S. C, and during the war 
aided materially in developing the former 
slaves of the South into defenders of the 
Union and as useful citizens. On arriving 
at Fortress Monroe Company L/ effi- 
ciently performed every duty to which it was 
assigned, although its costly uniforms 
were quickly ruined by mounting heavy 
guns and the handling of immense quan- 
tities of quarter-master's supplies, besides 
the ordinary routine of military duty. 
From the compau}- many were detailed for 
duty at Post Headquarters, scouting, and 
unusual guard duty. Captain Ingraham, 
who had been compelled by sickness to 
return on the tug boat on April 18 

and Lieutenant Porter, accompanied by 
several recruits, reached P'ortress Monroe 
on May 5; the former resumed command, 
but Lieutenant Porter (fourth lieutenant), 
lieing superniunerary under the army 
regulations was, with the recruits, mus- 
tered into Company K. Ju!\- 11, i\\v Regi- 
ment was mustered out of the service ol 
the United States. 

On the company's return to New Bed- 
ford at the end of its tour of service it 
received a popular ovation and was 
heartily welcomed home. Many of its 
members suljsequently served as officers in 
regiments which were formed during the 

The state finally reimbursed the Guards 
for their ruined uniforms. 
*Ca/)f., Timothy Ixgr.\ham. 

New Bedford. 

Isf. Liciit ., J.\MK.s Barton, New Bedford. 

2jid. Lieut., Austin vS. Cu.shman, 

New Bedford. 

*lst. Scro-t., Samuki, C. Hart, 

New Bedford. 
*.S'rri,'v'., William M. BaTKS, New Bedford. 
Scroi., bjj.SHA Do.\ne, New Bedford. 
St'ro/., Thoma.sS. Palmer, New Bedford. 
Corp., Nathan B. Mayhew, 

New Bedford. 

*Corp., Walti';r I). KiaTii, New Bedford. 

Corp.^ Timothy D. Cook, New Bedford. 

*Coip., Anthony I). Lang, New Bedford. 

Afiisiciaii, George H., 

New Bedford. 

Allen, Thomas C. , Jr New Bedford 

Allen, William H 

Annand, Augustus Boston 

* Avery, Charles N 

Babcock, John H. M New Bedford 

Barrows, George 

Barrows, Isaac H 

Blake, Peleg W 

*Bly, Fzra K 

Brady, Owen 

Butler, Daniel A 

Carnes, Rollins Boston 

Clay, Hosea C 

Collins, Charles M New Bedford 

Conley, Owen I* Boston 

Davis, Jonathan \\' New Bedford 

Davis, Pardon A 



Minute Men of '61 

*Davi.s, William C, New Bedford 

Delano, William 

Kndicott, Ingersoll B Boston 

Ferris, Anson E New Bedford 

Freeman, George H Boston 

(Vrant, Charles New Bedford 

Hall, Daniel W 

Hamblin , Josiah P 

*Hart, Isaac C 

*Hatliaway, James H 

Herley, Francis 

Henshaw, John G 

Hicks, Edward 

*Hillman, Rowland Iv 

Hood, John P 

Hunt, George W 

Kelley, Franklin S Boston 

*Lee, George P New Bedford 

Manchester, William E 

Martin, Thomas 

Moore , Warren 

Morris, Charles H Boston 

Negus, Ira S New Bedford 

Nye, Albert H 

Nye, Joseph E 

*Palmer, George S New Bedford 

Pierce, Edward h Milton 

Richards, Edward R New Bedford 

Rix , Jonathan M 

Robbins, F;iiphalet H 

Robinson, Sanford M 

*Russell, Andrew \V 

Salisbury, William H 

Sears, George T 

Sisson , George P 

Sisson, William H 

*Skinner, James B 

Staples, Frank 

Taylor, William H 

*Terry, Timothy W 

Thomas, Harrison O Wareham 

Tobey, Charles H New Bedford 

Tobe}- , Franklin , Jr 

*Upjohn, Aaron, Jr 

Walker, Charles B 

West, Charles 

* Wilcox Henry A 

Wilcox, Seth A 

Young, Angus W 


Minute Men of '61 


Company M, Third Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Afterward Company B, Twenty-Ninth, Massachusetts Vohinteers.) 

Formerly Company M, Boston, and 
attached to the Third Regiment, Captain 
J. K. Tyler, resigned Jnly 18, 1.S61 ; First 
Lietitenant vSamnel A. Bent, resigned Jnly 
IS, 1861. 



ISR.A.KL N. Wilson, 
J. K. Tyler. 


FzR.\ Ripley, Cambridge. 


Thomas H. Adams, Boston. 



Frost, Walter E. Boston 

Mitchell, Jos. L Cambridge 

Freel, Jas Braintree 

Brown, Benj. B So. Boston 

Hodgkins, Emery Olottcester 


(ioodwin, W^arren Bridgewater 

Mosher, Wm. H E. Bridgewater 

Hayes, Lawrence Boston 

Magee, Henry E 

Carlton, F. Oscar Andover 

Kelty, Jos. H So. Newmarket, N. H. 

Dean, Horace A ■: Boston 

Ivucas, John 


Baker, W^m. H Boston 

Cable, Jas So. Boston 

Fairbanks, Geo. W 


Anderson, J no. B Dorchester 

Andrews, (reo. W E. Cambridge 

Babcock, Wm. C Framingham 

Baker, Wm Boston 

Bent, George O Framingham 

Bowen , Chas. F Boston 

Brigham, Henry W Dorchester 

Bryant, Ira A So. Braintree 

Brogan , James Boston 

Brad}-, Thos. . . .• So. Weymouth 

Britton, Wm. T Mansfield 

Billam, John New York 

Campbell , Jas 

Carolin, W^illiam Boston 

Clark, John Alsington 

Collins, Wm. S Lowell 

Chase, Ezra A 

Conway, Thos. (discharged) . . .So. Boston 

Cruse , Thomas Boston 

Donnelly, John 

Dorgan, Michael Roxbury 

Eagan, Stephen H Boston 

Emerson, Wm. D Vermont 

Feenay, Patrick F So. Boston 

Finnerty, Thos., (discharged). . .Roxbury 

Flood, Stephen E Lowell 

Furbush, Richard R., (discharged) 


Gammans, George H., (discharged) 


Getchell, Charles E Boston 

Gilnian, Lyford, J New Hampshire 

Gorham, George F Billerica 

Crorham, John J 

Gravlin, John B 

Grant, Samuel Boston 

Gray , Wm 

Hall, Frank 

Hanley , Dennis 

Hale, George H Billerica 

Hayes, Thomas Lawrence 

Hancock, John Gloucester 


iVIiNUTB Men of '6i 

Harris, Thos So. Boston 

Hii^oins, Danifl K Milford 

Hill, JaiiifS Tvincoln 

Ham, foster Hillerica 

Holton , John 

Hin.i^ston, Allan Boston 

Johnson, Daniel R Milford 

Kflly, Thomas New Jerst-y 

Kt'lly, John A l^/Owell 

Kimliall, Delavan New Hampshire 

La Rochelle, Anthony- N. Brid.t^ewater 

I^eonard, Matthias Roxbury 

I^ittle, Ro1)ert Charle.stown 

Locke, Ward Billerica 

Lynch, Henry Haverhill 

Marshall, Hermon Lowell 

Manning, 'J'hos Billerica 

Mahoney, Timothy J Boston 

Messer, James M Charlestown 

Molin, Bernard Gloucester 

Minton, Martin .' Roxbury 

Moran, I'atrick So. Natick 

McNultv, Charles Roxburv 

Murphy, Wm. H So. Boston 

O'Brien, Kdward J 

O'Brien, Theoljald M 

O'Brien, John J Lowell 

()dell, Thomas So. Bt)stf)n 

( )'Reill_\', Francis I) I^owell 

Pear.sons, Aaron J^ Roxburv 

Ratchford, John D So. Boston 

Reed, Jas. Ct., (deserted ) Lawrence 

Riley, John Cambrid.iLie 

Stewart, John C Billerica 

Shephard, James W'., killed li\- 

explosion of ,t;un 

Short, W'm. K Lowell 

Stodder, John H Charlestown 

Savage, Henry H Boston 

Sullivan, Philip, 

Smithers, John B 

Thompson, John M Fairhaven 

Thompson , Patrick l\ Cambridg^e 

Whitney, George S S. Braintree 

Williams, Wm Milford 

Minute Men ok '61 


Gkn. Sa.mi'i;!. K. Chamhicrlaix. ]5arrc, Mas 
Minute :Men of '61 
Third Massachusetts U. S. VoUmteers 

Samuel E. Chamberlain was born Nov. 28. 1S29. 
at Centre Harbor, N. H., and was educated in the 
public schools of Boston. He ser\-ed as an enlisted 
man in the First United States Dragoons during 
the war with Mexico, and took part in the storm- 
ing of Monterey Sept. 21-23, 1846, and the battle of 
Buena Vista. Feb. 22-23, 1847. 

He afterwards served with Texan Rangers in 
Sonora and Arizona in suppressing Apache out- 
rages, employed by the Mexican Governor of Dur- 
ango. In the fall of 1853 he was of Walker's expe- 
dition to "extend the area of freedpm" in Eower 
California, and participated in the affairs at I<a 
Paz, San Thomas and L,a Ensinada. 

On the breaking out of the Civil War he was, on 
April 17, 1861, commissioned First I,ieutenant Com- 
pany C, Third Regiment, M. 'V. M. This company 

was raised in Cambridge, and was the first volun- 
teer company in the United States for the war. 
On his return from the three months' campaign he 
enlisted as a private in the First ^Massachusetts 
Cavalrj-. : was commissioned Captain Nov. 25. 1S61, 
:Major Oct. 30, 1S62, Eieutenant-Colonel March 5, 
IS64, Colonel .Sept. 30. 1864. and brevetted Brigadier- 
( General for gallant .'uid meritorious ser\-ice in 
covering retreat of Gregg's Division of Cavalry at 
the disastrous battle of St. Mary's Church. V;i.. 
June 2^, 1864. He had fourteen horses shot in 
battle, and was wounded seven times. Mustered 
out in October. 1865. He served on the staffs of 
Governors Bullock and Claflin as assistant Quarter- 
:Master General with the rank of Colonel. 
Died, 1908. 


Minute Men of '61 

Harrison O. Teiomas, Brockton, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company I,, Third Regiment, M.V.M. Company D, 18th Mass. Vol. 

"Citizen Thomas" 

In a book piiblished by H. S. Crocker 
& Co., of San Francisco, Cal., entitled 
" Records of the Members of the Grand 
Army," are mentioned those veterans who 
were present at the National Encampment 
in San Francisco, and among the many is 
that of Mr. H. O. Thomas, of this city, 
whose creditable war record as given 
below, is very interesting: 

H. O. Thomas was born in Wareham, 

Mass. His occupations in life have been 
clerk and merchant. Unlisted in New 
Bedford City Guards, Compan}* I_^, Captain 
Ingraham, Third Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia, April 16, 1861, for three 
months' service (called The Minute Men 
of 1861,'") under the first call of President 
Ivincoln for troops to .suppress the rebel- 
lion; at the expiration of term of service, 
he re-enlisted in Company D, (Captain 
Stephen Thomas, Middleboro Company), 

Minute Men of '61 


Kighteenth Regiment, Massachusetts In- 
fantry Volunteers, for three years, 
assigned to the First Brigade, First Divi- 
sion, Fifth Army Corps, Army of the 
Potomac; participated in the siege of 
Vorktown, Peninsular and Chickahominy 
Campaigns entire. Cieneral Stoneman's 
Detached Kxpedition, Battles of Antietam 
(support of battery engaged), Shephards- 
town Ford, Second Bull Run, and at 
Fredricksbiirg. Va. In the latter battle he 
was shot through the right arm, necessit- 
ating the removal of broken bones and 
causing the loss of use of arm. 

In consequence of this permanent dis- 
ability he was discharged from service. As 
soon as recovery from wounds would per- 
mit, he returned to the front as a citizen, 
marching and camping with his old com- 
rades and associates, and in time of battle 
entering the Field Hospital and officiating 
with such ability and noticeal)]e aptitude 
as .to receive special praise from Surgeon- 
in-Chief DeWitt and Surgeon-in-Charge 
Thomas, of the First Division, Fifth Corps, 
Field Hospital, all of which service he 
rendered at his own expense; he became 
known as "Citizen Thomas" — a sobriquet 
bestowed upon him by his old comrades; 
in this manner, without pav or an}- desire 
for compensation, he served until the end 
of the war. 

He is a member of Fletcher Webster 
Post, No. 13, G-A-R of Brockton, Mass., 
being the first member initiated into the 
Post, July 16, 1867, from which time to 
the present he has never severed his con- 
nection with the Post. 

[He is a member of the Association of 
"Minute Men of '61;" Past President of 
the P^ighteenth Massachusetts Regiment 
of Volunteers As.sociation; he is a Knight 
Templar; also a member of all the difTer- 
ent Masonic Degree Lodges in the city of 
Brockton, Mass.; Aleppo Temple, A. A. 
()., N. M. Shrine, Boston; the Electric 
Dodge, I. O. O. F., Banner Lodge, N. H. 
(). P., and American Benefit Society, of 

On the reception and entertainment of 
the Grand Army, at Boston, in August, 
1890, Representative Thomas, ("Citizen 
Thomas"), of the cit}' of Brockton, was 
appointed by Speaker Barrett as one of the 
Legislative committee. 

• — Brockto)i Daily Enterprise. 

Of the individuals booked for the first 
transport and headed for Chili, Mr. H. O. 
Thomas, of Brockton — " Citizen Thomas "' 
— is eminent. 

—Boston Journal, Jan. 19, 1S90. 

He is Historian of Fletcher Webster 
Post, No. 13, (;-A-R Brockton, Mass., 
since creation of the office, and compiler 
and writer of per.sonal service sketches of 
members and past meml)ers of the Post, 
being assigned to the dutv in 1890. 

Copy Oct. 25, 1905. 

Monument to Roug-h Riders. 

Copy, in part, from the ^"Brockton Daily 
Enterprise, Brockton, Mass., September 
21, 1898. 

H. O. Thomas (" Citizen Thon>as " ) of 
this cit}- who has lately returned from a 
vacation in Kentucky, took part, while far 
in the great Mammoth Cave, September 
11, 1897, in erecting a monument of .stone 
to "Colonel Ted(h- Roosevelt and his 
Rough Riders." The monument bore 
that inscription. 

A p rty, of which "Citizen Thomas" 
was a member, was making a trip in the 
cave with " Jack " Sturgeon, the accom- 
plished and popular guide employed by 
the Mommoth Cave Company. 

While there. Miss Kate Saxton Rey- 
nolds, of Las \'egas. New Mexico, sug- 
gested erecting a monument to the unique 
cavalry regiment. "Citizen Thomas" 
and C. T. DeCTarmo, of Mount Sterling, 
Kentucky, assisted the young lady in lay- 
ing the corner-stone with imposing cere- 
monies. Others who took part in erecting 
the monument were Mrs. Joshua Sax- 
ton Reynolds, of Las Vegas, New Mexico, 
Mr. and Mrs. T. B. Perry, of St. Louis, 
Missouri, and Mr. Leon A. Walker, of 
Newark, New Jersey. (kiide "Jack" 
,Sturgeon liecame interested in the work, 
and contributed ably in it. His post office 
address is, Mammoth Cave, Kentucky, 
where he was employed as guide, and will 
give special care and interest in the preser- 
vation of the monument to Colonel Theo- 
dore Roosevelt and his "Rough Riders." 

The foundation, dedication and a good 
beginning on the monument was made by 
the party mentioned. The future build- 
ing was left to others. As "Citizen 
Thomas " says, " May they build carefully 
and well." 

It was indeed appropriate that one of the 
party, "Citizen Thomas, " as a veteran of 
the war of 1861-6.S, should take an interest 
in the affair. His services in war, which 
won for him his sobriquet, were as unique 
as is the title given to Colonel Roosevelt's 
brave regiment of cavalrymen in the late 
war with Spain. 


Minute~Men of '61 

Major Austin S. Ci^shman. (Died Jan. 29, 1907.) 

Minute Men of '61 

Third Massachusetts Regiment M.V.M. 

Major Austin Sprague Cushman of New 
Bedford, was born in Duxbury, Mass., 
vSeptember, 9, 1827. On his mother's side, 
his grandfather was Hon. Seth Sprague, 
Sr., a prominent opponent of slavery. 
The eldest son of Rev. \V. Cushman, D.D., 
first pastor of Bowdoin Square Church, 
Boston, lineal descendant of Elder Thomas 
Cushman, agent of the Pilgrims in 1620 
who fitted out the Mayflower and the 

He prepared for college at the New 
Hampton Academy ; entered Brown Uni- 
versity while yet in his seventeenth year 
and graduated in the class of 1848. He 
served a year as a clerk in the War De- 
partment at Washington, D. C, under 
Hon. William Iv. Marey, and resigned to 
study law in the office of his uncle, Hon. 
Peleg Sprague, Judge of the United States 
District Court in Boston. He aided Dr. 
Stone in reporting the "Webster Trial" 

Minute Men of '61 


for Phillips & Samson, and was employed 
b}- the United States District Attorney, 
George Lunt, as a phonographer in the 
Rescue cases under the Fugitive Slave Law 
of 1850. In 1852 he became a private sec- 
retary to President Fillmore, and at the 
close of his administration was appointed a 
Third Lieutenant in the United States 
Revenue Service. He was admitted to the 
Boston bar in 1854. Took up his residence 
in New Bedford and became interested in 
military matters ; was commissioned Third 
Lieutenant Company L ( New Bedford City 
Guards), Third Regiment M.V.M. In 
1857 was the first in line to respond affirm- 
ative!}' at the calling of the Company roll 
in pursuance of the Governor's prelimi- 
nary order for voluntary service outside 
the State. On the evening of April 15, 
1861, he casually learned that his Company 
had been ordered to Boston, and hastened 
to the armory at once. On entering Cap- 
tain Ingraham inquired, "Is not a single 
officer going with me?" 

' ' Yes, ' ' responded Lieutenant Cushman , 
"Captain, I am going." In fact he was 
the only officer who went and stayed and 
returned with the Company from the time 
it left the armory. He was promoted Adju- 
tant of the Regiment April 17, and ren- 
dered service at Fortress Monroe, Gosport 

Navy Yard and Hampton, Va., during the 
term of three months. He married in 
October, 1861. 

Yet in August, 1862 he recruited a com- 
pany and was commissioned Captain of 
Company D, Fortj^-Seventh Massachusetts 
Infantry Volunteers ; was promoted Major 
November 7, 1862. Served in the Depart- 
ment of the Gulf and became a member of 
the United States vSequestration Commis- 
sion. Honorabh- mustered out September 
1, 1863. 

He resided from 1872 to 1880 in Switzer- 
land where he educated his daughters. 
He has held various civil offices, such as 
United States Commissioner, United States 
Register in Bankruptcy, Register of Pro- 
bate for Bristol County, Member of the 
Common Council and Presiilent of the 
School Board ; and has been identified with 
several social or fraternal organizations. 
He joined the Grand Army of the Republic 
September 25, 1866, and became the first 
Post Commander in the New Fngland 
S'ates, Provisional Commander of the De- 
partment of Massachusetts, and was elected 
the first commander of that Department. 
He has held many prominent positions in 
the order and chartered the first fifty-two 
Posts in Massachusetts and the first in 
New Hampshire. 


Minute Men oe '61 


Minute Men of '61 
Company A, Third Mass. Volunteers and Third N. H. Volunteers. 

Brevet L/ieiitenant- Colonel Charle.s Au- 
gustine White, born at West Deering, 
N. H., September 19, 1836. Entered mili- 
tary service, Company A, Third Massachu- 
setts Volitnteer Militia Infantr}-, April 16, 
1861. Mustered out July 22, 1861. Ser- 
vice, Fortress Monroe, Hampton and Gos- 
port Navy Yard. On May 23, assisted in 
conducting into camp at Fortress Monroe 
three slaves of Colonel Mallory of Vir- 
ginia, who were later the subject of 

General Butler's decision "Contraband 
of War. ' ' These slaves had been em- 
ployed on the rebel works at Sewell's 
Point, Va., hence the decision. Re-en- 
listed in Company A, Third New Hamp- 
shire Volunteer Infantry, August 12, 1861. 
Mustered as Third Sergeant, August 22; to 
First Sergeant, June 1, 1863; Acting Sec- 
ond Lieutenant, Company A, Juh' 31, 
1863 to January 20, 1864; commissioned 
Second I^^ieutenant, January 1, 1864; pro- 

Minute Men of '61 


tnoted to First Lieutenant, May 24, 1864, 
and to Captain, November 9, 1864. Bre- 
vetted Major and Ivieiitenant-Colonel 
United States Volunteers to date from 
March 13, 1865, for braverj' and meritori- 
ous conduct on the battlefield. Attached 
to Viele's First . Brigade, Sherman's South 
Carolina Expeditionary Corps. 

Expedition to Port Royal, S. C, Octo- 
ber 21 to November 7, 1861; bombardment 
and capture of Forts Walker, Beauregard 
and Port RoA-al Harbor, November 7; act- 
ing as orderly for General T. \V. Sherman, 
commanding the expedition, during the 
engagement, November 7; duty at Hilton 
Head, S. C, till April, 1862; acting as 
clerk in post adjutant's office on Etliste 
Island, S. C, April 8 to June 1; on duty in 
Assistant Adjutant-General's office Johns 
and James Islands, June 1 to June 28. 
Evacuation of James Island and movement 
to Hilton Head, June 28 to July 4. On 
picket July 2, about one and one-half miles 
from Grimball's Plantation, James Island, 
on main road to Charleston. Brought up 
the rear in the evacuation of the picket 
line, July 3. Duty at Hilton Head, S. C, 
till April, 1863. 

Expedition tip Broad River to Pocotaligo 
October 21 to 23, 1862. Action at Caston 
and Frampton's Plantations, Pocotaligo, 
October 22. 

Expedition against Charleston, S. C, 
April 2 to 12, 1863. Assault on and cap- 
ture of water batteries, Morris, S. C, 
July 10. Assaults on Forts Wagner and 
Gregg, Morris Island, and against Fort 
Sumpter and Charleston till December. 
Capture of Forts Wagner and Gregg, Sep- 

temlier 7. Acting as Post Adjutant on 
Broad Island, vS. C, and commanding 
Company A at Small Island, Hilton Head, 
S. C, March 2, 1864. In Butler's opera- 
tions on the south siile of James River and 
against Petersburg and Richmond, May 4 
to 23. Occupation of Bermuda Hundred 
and City Point, May 6; Chester Station 
May 6 to 7; Brandon Bridge, May 9; Swift 
Creek, Arrowfield Church, May 9 to 10. 
Operations against Fort Darling, May 12 
to 16. Battle of Drury's Bluff, May 14 to 
16; Bermuda Hundred, May 16 to 31. 
Action at Bernuida Hundred, June 2; 
Petersburg, June 9, Port Walthal, June 
16 to 17. Siege operations against Peters- 
burg and Richmond, June 16 to August 16, 
1864. Demonstration north of James 
River at Deep Bottom, August 14 to 16. 
Severely wounded, August 16; Deep Bot- 
tom, Minnie ball through right arm, enter- 
ing right chest and passing through both 
lungs, making exit below left shoulder 
blade. Absent, disabled by wounds, till 
February, 1865. Moverl to Fortress Mon- 
roe, Va. Deft Fortress Monroe, Febru- 
ary 14 and joined General A. H. Terry's 
headquarters at Fort Fisher, N. C. , Febru- 
ary 18. With headquarters till March 1, 
then assigned to duty as Headquarter 
Commissary Tenth Army Corps Depart- 
ment of North Carolina. Capture of Wil- 
mington, N. C, Feljruary 22. Smith's 
Creek and Northeast P'erry P'ebruary 22. 
Advance on Goldsboro, N. C, March 15 
to 21. Capture Raleigh, April 14. Sur- 
render of Johnson and his army. Dut}- at 
Raleigh and Goldsboro till July. Mustered 
out with Regiment July 20, 1865. 

Minute Men of '61 

Cai'TAIx William S. McFarlin, South Can-er, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, Third Regiment, M.V.M. I^ater Captain Co. C, 18th Mass. 

April 15, 1861, in Massachusetts, the first 
call for troops by President Lincoln to sur- 
press the relaellion, was received b}' Gover- 
nor Andrew bearing that date. He b3'late 
trains and special night messengers for- 
warded his orders to the different com- 
manders of State Troops, ordering them 
to report with their commands at Boston 
ready for immediate departure and duty. 

Midnight with orders in hand, found 
Captain William S. McFarlin hustling his 
little company of men together, to proceed 
to the nearest railroad station about six 
miles away — thence to be conveyed to 
Boston by the earliest morning train, as 
they were, and reported on Boston Com- 
mon at ten o'clock. 

After a term of service at the front, and 
the performance of duties as "Minute 
Men ' ' that to-day is acknowledged as 
among the most important of the war. 
Captain McFarlin and his company re- 
turned home to Massachusetts, ' only to 
return again to the front a little later, as 
the nucleus of a full company of one hun- 
dred and one men and offices, as Company 
C, of the Eighteenth Regiment Massachu- 
setts Volunteers,' later becoming as dis- 
tinguished a company of men and officers 
as served in the war from Massachusetts 
as history justly records. 

' ' Citizen Thomas ' ' 
March 14, 1910. 

MiNiTK Men of '61 


i'KA>.'Ci.s M. IJOBLE, Boston, Jlass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Third Massachusetts Regiment 

Captain Francis Marion Doble was born 
in Ivowell, Massachusetts, on the 17th of 
August, 1838, but while in infancy with 
his parents moved to the town of Sumner, 
Oxford County, State of Maine. In the 
spring of 1846 the family moved again to 
the town of Lincoln, Penobscot County, 
Maine, and settled on a farm. The boj- 
was educated in the public schools of 
Massachusetts and Maine, in the academy 
at Lincoln Village, and later took a course 
at Comer's Commercial College in Boston. 

He came to Boston in the winter of 
1856-7. In April, 1861, when President 
Lincoln issued his first call for 75,000 vol- 
unteers for three months' service he 
was enrolled in Company C, of Cambridge, 
raised by Captain and later Colonel James 
P. Richardson of Cambridge, the first new 
company that was raised for the war in the 
United States, that went to the front 
armed and equipped. It was organized at 
the State House April 17, by electing 
officers. They were as followss : James P. 


Minute Men of '61 


Second Lieutenant of Company B. Cap- 
tain Knott V. Martin's company of Marble-', 
head, to succeed Lieutenant John Goodwin,) 
killed at the battle of Roanoke Island., 
The Twenty-Third served in the Depart-^ 
ment of North Carolina and three months' 
at Hilton Head, S. C, and participated in 
all the battles and skirmishes of the De- 
partment. ', 
In April, 1863, Lieutenant Doble served 
as a member of a General Court Martial at, 
Morehead City, N. C, and on May 6, was 
commissioned First Ivieutenant of Com- 
pany I, Twentj'-Third Massachusetts Vol-, 
unteers. In September, the Regiment was 
transferred to Newport News, Va., andi 
during the winter of 1863-4 more than two-' 
thirds of the men re-enlisted for three 
j'ears more and were furloughed home for, 
thiity days. Upon their return from fur- 
lough they were encamped at Getty Sta-- 
tion, Va., and later were sent to Yorktown, ■, 
Va., to form part of the Army of the' 
James, Eighteenth Army Corps. They 
participated in all the battles and skir-' 
mishes in the Eighteenth Arm}- Corps, , 
including Cold Harljor, incident to the' 
siege of Petersburg. On June 4, Lieuten- 
ant Doble was detailed as Assistant Ordi- 
nance officer to Captain Young of General: 
Willi im F. (Baldy) vSmith's staiT and had 
charge of and conducted the ammuni- 
tion train of the Second Division of the 
Eighteenth Army Corps, of fourteen wag- 
ons, from Cold Harbor across the peninsula 
to the James River and thence to the 
assault on Petersburg, on June 16, 1864. 
Lieutenant Doble was returned to his 
Regiment a few days later and August 1, ' 
he was appointed Aid de Camp on the staff * 
of General James Stewart, Jr., P'irst Bri- 
gade, Second Division, E;i.hteenth Army 
Corps. The brigade was sent to North 
Carolina in September to muster out the 
three 3 ears' men whose term of service had 
expired. On September 20, 1864, Lieu- ; 
tenant Doble was commissioned Captain, 
and assigned to the command of Com- 
panies C and L (consolidated ) Twenty- ■ 
Third Regiment. With his command he 
performed outpost duty until March 2, 
1865, when the troops of the Department 
of North Carolina (Palmer's Division) 

Richardson, Captain; Samuel E. Chamber- 
lain, First Lieutenant; Edward F. Rich- 
ardson, Second Lieutenant ; John Kinnear, 
Third Lieutenant ; and Francis M. Doble, 
Fourth Lieutenant. 

The United States Army regulations al- 
lowing only two lieutenants to a compan}% 
John Kinnear and Francis M. Doble were 
nnistered into the United vStates service as 
first and Second Sergeants respectively. 
The company was attached to the Third 
Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Mili- 
tia, Colonel David W. Wardrop command- 
ing, and as soon as equipped embarked on 
the steamer " S. R. Spaulding ' ' and sailed 
for Fortress Monroe, where they arrived 
on the morning of April 20. On the eve- 
ning of the twentieth the Regiment was 
again embarked on the United States steam 
sloop of war, "Pawnee," and taken to 
the Norfolk Navy Yard, where, with the help 
of the sailors and marines, thej' completely 
destroyed an"" burned the yard and ship- 
ping, sunk the notorious frigate " Merri- 
mac," which the Confederates afterwards 
raised and converted into the terrible iron 
clad ram that created such havoc among 
our shipping in Hampton Roads one year 

On the morning of April 21, the Regi- 
ment returned to Fortress Monroe having 
the old sailing frigate "Cumberland" in 
tow, assisted by the steam tug "Yankee," 
and bringing the crew of the recieving 
ship "Pennsylvania," along. On April 
23, the Third Regiment was mustered into 
the United States service. The}' were em- 
ployed during the three months' campaign 
in guard and picket duty, mounting guns, 
etc., and later garrisoned the town of 
Hampton, Va., from which place they 
made several expeditions l^y land and 
water. On July 16, they were ordered 
home and were mustered out July 22, at 
Long Island, Boston Harbor. 

Sergeant Doble soon alter enlisted in the 
Twenty-Third Massachusetts Volunteers 
and was appointed Orderly Sergeant of 
Companj' I. The Twenty-Third formed 
part of the Burnside expedition that sailed 
from Annapolis, Md., in January, 1862, for 
Roanoke Island, N. C. In November, 
1862, vSergeant Doble was promoted to 


Minute Men ok '61 


started on the campaign to Kinston, N. C. 
Some (lays later the Arm\- of the Ohio, 
Major (jeneral John M. Schofield joined 
them and assumed command. The eneni}' 
was met at Wise's Forks, N. C, March 7, 
and Captain Doble was wounded ( not 
seriously ) while in command of the skir- 
mish line. On the morning of March 8, 
the enemy again attacked furiously and 
Captain Doble was again wounded and 
sent to the hospital at New-Berne, N. C, 
where he remained but a short time and 
returned to his Regiment, which was 
mustered out June 28, 1865, and started 
for home. Arriving in Boston earh' in 
July, 1865. 

Captain Doble returned to North Caro- 
lina in September, 1865, and was tempor- 
arily employed by Captain A. W. McKillop, 

United States Army, Freedman's Bureau, 
District of Kastern North Carolina. He 
was married while living in North Caro- 
lina and returned to Boston, 1867. He 
was emploved in the Boston Custom House 
some years, and at State Almshouse, 
Tewksbury, Mass., and is now retired 
police officer of the City of Boston. He is 
a member of Benjamin Stone, Jr., Post 68, 
G-A-R and General Joseph Hooker Com- 
mand No. 9, U-V-I^ and the Sons of the 
American Revolution. One grandfather 
served in the War of 1812, and an uncle 
James S. Doble (father's brother ) Fourth 
United States Infantry. Killed August 26, 
1846, Monterey, Mexico. His ancestry, 
Knglish on both sides, came to this country 
early in the Seventeenth century. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sergeant Frank S. Kklly 

Minute Men of 'ol 

Company !<, Third Mass. and Company D, Twenty-Second Mass. 

On President Ivincoln's call for troops to defend 
the Union he enlisted in Company I,, Third Regi- 
ment, M.V.M., for three months. The Regiment 
was sent to Fortress Moni-oe where he served 
about two months. On the night of arrival at the 
fort were marched aboard the gunboat, "Pawnee" 
and went up to Norfolk, Va., Navy Yard, which was 
destroyed. He participated in all the service that 
the Company did. At the expiration term of en- 
listment retvimed to Boston with the Regiment and 
was mustered out. In Aug., 1S61, he re-enlisted in 
Company D, Twenty-Second Regiment M.V.I. , for 
three years, was .sent to Virginia, attached to Fifth 

Corps in the Army of the Potomac, was all through 
the Peninsula c;unpaign and following battles: 
Gaines Mill. Hanover Court House, ,Savage Station, 
Mechanicsville, Charles City, Cross Roads and 
Malvern Hill. War in Pope's Campaign ; the 
following battles, Gainesville, second Bull Run and 
Centerville. Afterwards in the Maryland cam- 
paign in command of company in the follow- 
ing battles. South Mountain, Antietam, and 
Sharps bay. in latter slightly wounded, and sent 
to the hospital, discharged March 17, 1863. En- 
listed as Corporal, discharged as First Sergeant. 

Minute Men of '61 


Silas P. Richmond. Assonet. Mass., 

Minute Men of '61 

Colonel Third Mass. Regiment 

Biographical Sketch of Colonel 
Silas P. Richmond 

Silas Peirce Richmond, onl\- son of Dea. Isaac 
and I.,ucinda (Peirce) Richmond, was born in 
Freetown, Mass.. June 19, 1.S31. He was educated 
in the public schools of Freetown and at Peirce 
Academy. Middleboro., and was a farmer 
until twenty-five years of ai=fe. His father and two 
uncles were soldiers in the war of 1812-15, and his 
.trrandfather and two .Erreat-uncles were Revolu- 
tionary soldiers. " .Silas P. Richmond was the first 
man to in Company G, Third Regiment. 
Second Brigade, First Division, M.V.M. on June 8. 
1850. and its first tour of duty was in the escort at 
the funeral of President Taylor in Boston in 1850. 
He was commissioned a I<ieutenant in same com- 
pany in August. 1851 : and Captain in May, 1855. 
AVas commissioned Major and Inspector of the 
Second Brigade in J\Uy, 1856. In 1857-58 he was in 
Kansas and served under John Brown in repelling 
the border ruffians. In 1860 he was Captain and 
A. D. C. on .staff of the General of the Second 
Brigade, M.V.M. and .served in the escort of the 
Prince of Wales in Boston and in the same capacity 
he went to F"ort Warren and to Fortress Monroe as 
a Minute Man in 1861. Was in the battle of Big 
Bethel, Va., June 10, 1861. In 1862, as lieutenant 
Colonel Third Regiment, M.V.M. he responded to 
the call for reinforcements for General N. P. 
Banks in Virginia. In September, 1862, he was 
commissioned Colonel of the Third Massachu.setts 
Volunteer and in six weeks recruited the Regiment 
to one thousand and forty men, and commanded 
the Regiment through all the campaigns in North 

Carolina in 1S62(>.S. participating in the battles of 
Kinston. White Hall. Goldsboro, Blounts Creek, 
IJcep Gully and Gum Swamp. In September, 
186,1. he was commissioned Colonel of the Fifty- 
I'.ighth :\Iassachusetts Volunteers and recruited 
lliat Regiment. The first eight companies of the 
Regiment were ordered to the front in April, 1864 
under the command of Ueutenant Colonel John C. 
Wliiton, there not being a sufficient number of 
men for the'niuster in of a colonel : and for that 
reason no colonel was ever mustered in the Fifty- 
F^i.ghth' Regiment. 

Colonel Richmond was appointed Assistant 
Provost Marshal 'General of the Department of the 
-South in July. 1864. and sen-ed ;is sucli in North 
Carolina. South Carolina and Georgia until 
September, 1865. He was on the first United States 
steamer which reached .Savannah when .Sherman 
reached there on his march to the sea. And also 
on the first United States steamer which landed at 
Charleston, .S. C at the time of its evacuation. 

At the age of twenty-one years Mr. Richmond 
was elected auditor of the town of Freetown, Mass., 
and made the first printed financial report of the 
town. He served on the board of school committee 
of the town, and for eleven years he was chair- 
man of the board of assessors. He ser\-ed as town 
clerk seven years, and for ten years was chairman 
of the board of selectmen of Freetown. He was 
moderator at the annual town meetings for seven- 
teen consecutive years, and he wrote the military 
chapter in the history of Freetown. He was a 
member of the Massachusetts Legislature in 1892, 
and a delegate in the National Republican Con- 
vention at ^Minneapolis. Minn., in the same year. 
He was in tlie lumber business in Vermillion 
County. Indiana, in 1867-68 and in the grain 
business at Decator, Mich., in 1869-70. He ser\-ed 
as an officer in the Massachu.setts State prison from 
1872 to 1878 inclusive, and was deputy master at the 
Bristol County house ot correction in 1879-82. 
From 1882 to 1889 he was general travelling agent 
of the Clark's Cove Guano Co.. of New Bedford. 
Mass. He was president of the Bristol Company 
Agricultural .Society in 1889-90. and from that time 
for five years was engaged in managing and 
settling estates. In 1896 he was appointed deputy 
sheriff and court officer in the .Superior and .Su« 
preme Judicial Courts in Bristol county, and now 
holds that po.sition. For many years Colonel 
Richmond was a member of the choir of the First 
Christian Church in Assonet. and for 
several years was one of the trustees of that 
church. While living in Charlestown. Mass., he 
sang in the choir of the Park .Street Church, 

S. P. Richmond owns and occupies the Rich- 
mond homestead on Richmond road in Freetown, 
Mass. The place was bought by his grandfather, 
Samuel Richmond in 1775. and has never changed 
hands except by inheritance. Colonel Richmond 
has been a justice of the peace forty-five years, and 
is also a notary public. He took the Master 
Mason's degree in North Carolina in 1863, and 
became a Knight Templar in 1865. He ■was the 
.seventh member mustered into Post 1. Massachu- 
setts G-A-R in 1866, and is a member of the Massa- 
chusetts Commandery of the l,oyal Legion of the 
United States of America. 


:min-ute Men of '61 

1" Iloi.Mics, Hridgewater- Mass. 
Mimite Men of '61. 
Company A. Third Massachusetts Re.E:inient. 

J.\^i!;s "M. Swain. Brighton Di.strict. IJcstcn. 

Minute Men of '61. 
Mass. 29th. Mass. Vols, and 4th., H. A. 

Comrade Freeman Holmes was horn March 27. 
1840. in Bridjjewatcr. Mass.. was one of the ' Minute 
Men of 1S61." entering the service as a private in 
Captain Joseph Harlow's company (A) of the Third 
Kesriment. M.V.M.. Colonel David W. Watdrop of 
New Bedford: mustered July 23. 1S61. (one week 
after volunteerin,t>' and .serving). 

This Resriment of Minute Men's service was 
chicfi.N at Fortress Monroe, fiosport Navy Yard and 
Hampton. Va. He participated in the services of 
the Rej^riment. in the destruction of Gosport Nav.\- 
Yard at Norfolk. Va. After expiration of term of 
enlistment he returned to Massaclnisetts and was 
discharued vvitli his Regiment at l/m.s: Island. 
Botiton Harbor, July 22. 1861. He re-entered the 
sciA'ice aprain. October 16. 1861. as .Sergeant in Com- 
pan\ C. TwentN -Sixth Regiment, M.V.I. He par- 
ticipated with tlie Tweuty-.Sixth Massachusetts 
Regiment in their expeditions on the Mississippi 
River, effcctivelx' accomplishing the breakin.g of 
communication between I"orts Jackson and St. 
Phillip and the citj' of New Orleans. il\ning tlie 
bombardment of those forts. 

Participated in the Camp.iign. After 
much service with tlie Nineteenth Corps in other 
points of Virginia tlie Regiment en.gaged in the 
battle of Winchester, Va.. September 19, 1864, where 
Comrade Holmes was wounded and left the Regi- 
ment. He was finally discharged November 7, 1864. 
by reason of expiration of service. 

James M. Swain was liorn in l,ynn, Mass., Octo- 
l)er 16. 1842, was educated in the public schools. At 
the of nineteen years he enlisted in Company I, 
of Uyiin, Mass., 'William D. Chamberlain. Captain. 
The coinpan>- joined the Third Massachusetts Regi- 
ment at Fortress Monroe and served with distinc- 
tion duriiLg three years, participating in many of 
the leading engagements. He was discharged 
April 19, 1864, and re-enlisted 23. 1864, in 
Company L,, Fourth Heavy Artillery, and was 
honorably discharged at the of the war. He 
immediately joined the I^ynn Fire Department, 
eonlinuing with the same for a period of two years, 
after which for over sixteen years he was engaged 
in mechanical pursuits. October 8. 1881, he became 
an officer in the .Suffolk County jail, under .SheriiT 
John M. Cl.-irk. In 1895. he was appointed as 
.Steward of the same in which cap;icit\- he is now 
en. gaged. 

Minute Men of '61 


Theadork I^vman Boxnev, Hanson, Mass. 

:^iillute Men of '61. 

Co. A, 3d. Mass., Co. E- 32d. Regt. 

Born in Tannton. October 27, 1S36. Died in 
Tnited States Army in Virginia, May 11. 1S63. 

Hanson 127, G-A-R and Woman's Relief 
Corps 146 adopted his name — Theadore layman 
Bonney was lineal descendant of Ezekiel Bonney a 
fifer and mvisiciaii 1775-17S1 in Revolutionary War. 

The fact is troops who have fought a few battles 
and won and followed up these victories improve 
upon what they were before to an extent that can 
hardly be counted by percenta,ge * * * 

The same difference is often due to the way 
troops are officered— Gen. Qranl. 

MoRTux V. Bo.vNEV, West Hanover, :\Iass. .' 
:Minute Men of '61. 
Company A. Third Massachusetts. 
I^ater Captain in :\Iassachusetts Militia 12 years. 

Mr. Bonney- is a native of Hanson and was born 
March 8, 1841. He enlisted when the civil war 
broke out in the Halifax Company. He was sent to 
Virginia as a member of the Minute Men. On his 
return from the south, after three months' service, 
he re-enlisted in Company A, Third Massachusetts 
Regiment, and served until 1863. He .saw consider- 
able service in North Carolina. 

Morton V. Bonney is one of the best known resi- 
dents of Hanover. He probably holds the record of 
consecutive G-A-R office holding in Massachusetts, 
having been adjutant of Joseph R. Wilder Post for 
the past thirty-eight years. Previous to that lie 
held other offices in the post, and thus has ser\-ed 
continuously as an officer for over forty years. 

At the of the war Mr. Bonney joined the 
Jlassachusetts State Jlilitia and ser\ed as captain 
from 1865 to 1870. He has served as Adjutant of the 
Plymouth County (;-.\-R association since it was 

He was Assistant Postmaster at West Hanover 
from 1861 to 1901, a period of forty years. He had 
also served in several town offices, being a member 
of the board of selectmen in 1869. and a member of 
the school committee in Hanover from 1874 to 1882, 
and town auditor from 1897 to 1907. He has always 
been a republican, and .served in the Legislature 
from the Hanover di.strict in 1.868. Miss Aurelia 
Hall of Hanover married Mr. Bonney in 1871, and 
they reside at West Hanover. 


Minute Men of '61 

Charles 1'. Iao.\. Halifax. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

First l.ieut. Co. A. Third Regiment 

Charles P. l^yon. born in Halifax, Mass., August 
11, 1824, and has resided in that town to the present 
time. He joined the Halifax Light Infantry, 
chartered by John Hancock in 1792, and .served in 
the war of 1812, being commanded by Captain Asa 
Thomp.son, who was .six feet, seven inches tall. 
This company was also among the first to respond 
to the call of the President, April 15, 1861. Lieuten- 
ant Lyon at tli;it time held commission of .Second 
Lieutenant, the company being commanded by 
Captain Joseph ,S. Harlow. He was six feet, two 
inches tall. Lieutenant Lyon .served three months 
at Fortress Monroe and was at the destruction of 
Gosport Navy Yard, at wliich time the 'Cumber- 
land" was towed out by the I'nited .States gun- 
boat "Pawnee." 

In 1<S62 this company was again recruited by 
Lieutenant Charles P. Lyon and Nathaniel Morton 
and was joined by the Freetown Company forming 
Company A, Third Regiment and went to the 
front for nine months. Lieutenant Lyon com- 
manding .'it that time. They proceeded to New- 
Berne, N. C, and participated in the battles of 
Kinston, Whitehall and Ooldsboro. 

Elbridge G. Kemp, ("Died Jan. 22. 1902) 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I. Third Massachusetts Regiment 

Elbridge G. Kemp was born April 3, 1834, in 
Marblehead, Mass. April 19, 1861, he enlisted in 
Company I, Twenty-ninth M-V-M. He was taken 
prisoner at Charleston, .S. C. Was in Anderson- 
ville nine months : exchanged : came home on a 
furlough : later was discharged for disability, but 
as soon as able, re-enlisted in the Second Regiment 
of Massachusetts Heavy Artillery ; was made 
Lieutenant and served till the close of the w^ar. 
Joined Post 5, G-A-R, April 1, 18S0. Died in Lynn, 
Jan. 22, 1902. He was of Revolutionary stock, the 
great grandson of John Rhodes Rus.sell, who was 
with Glover's Regiment at Trenton, also great- 
grand.son of Thomas Kemp who was one of the 
"minute men" who juarclied from HoUis, N. H., 
April 19, 1775. 

Minute Men of '61 


Sa.mui:l IIuLMiiS DoTK.x. I'lymoutli, Ma^^. 

Minute Men of '61 

Third Mass. Regiment. Major 29th Regiment. 

Major Samuel Holmes Doten was a native of old 
rlymouth, Mass., where he was born June 5, 1812, 
and so humorously claimed that he served in the 
infantry in the war of that date. Both liis parents 
were of the original Maj'fiower stock of 1620, his 
father being in direct descent from Sir Edward 
Doten of the English navy, and his mother in the 
sixth generation from William Bradford, the Pil- 
grim Governor of Plymouth Colony. His father 
was First Eieutenant of t)ie privateer "George 
Eittle" of Boston in the war of 1M2, and two .sons, 
Samuel H. and Charles C. were botli Captains in 
the war for the Union. 

Major Doten began active life as master of the 
packet, "Atlanta, " on line between Plymouth and 
Boston, When, after some years, he left seafaring 
he went into tlie lumber business quite extensively, 
following it for many years, at the same time 
being active and prominent in the civil and politi- 
cal life of his native town. 

When the Civil War broke out, and his brother 
on April 16, 1861, marched away the Standish 
Guards, Major Doten at once set about raising 
another conipany, and was the first man in the 
town to volunteer for " three years of the war." 
The Plymouth Rock Guards were quickly enlisted 
and among the first three years' men accepted by 
the government. With Captain Doten as their 
commander, they were sent to Fortress Monroe 
and attached to the Third Mas.sachusetts Regiment 
of three months' troops, thus becoming a part of 
the Minute Men of '61. After the Third returned 
home Captain Doten 's command, with three other 
companies, formed the Massachusetts Battalion, 

SerGT. JohX KIXN-EAK, Caiuhiiilyc, .\la^^. 

ISIinute Men of '51 
Third Mass. Captain 30th Regt. Mass. Vols. 

John Kinnear was born November 24, 1836, and 
was educated in the public schools of Cambridge. 
( ;)n the breakin.g out of the Civil War. he was on 
.A.pril 17, 1861. commissioned as Third Lieutenant 
in Company C, Third Regiment, M.V.:M. On arriv- 
ing at Fortress Monroe, only two lieutenants were 
allowed to a company. He then resigned, and 
became P'irst Ser.geant. This Company was raised 
in Cambridge, and was the first Volunteer Com- 
pany in the United States for the war, he was the 
first man to sign the roll, and is therefore, the first 
volunteer in the United States, He afterward 
became Captain of Company E. Thirtieth Massa- 

which was sub.sequently supplied with other con - 
panics and made into the Twenty-Ninth Jlassachu- 
.setts, one of the best fighting and hardest worked 
regiments from the old Bay State. They were 
assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and, under 
McClellan, fought in the Peninsular campaign from 
Fair Oaks to ^Malvern Hill and Harrison's I,,and- 
ing. Sharing the fortunes of that army they were 
in many subsequent engagements, until assigned 
to General Grant's command at Vicksburg, being 
the only Massachusetts regiment to participate in 
that memorable siege. Captain Doten was absent 
from the Regiment but twice during the war, hav- 
ing been ill with typhoid fever at Harrision's 
I,,anding and again suffering with malarial fever 
while in the west, but missed none of the fighting. 
He was honorably discharged at the expiration of" 
his three years' term of enlistment, and brevetted. 
Major for gallant and meritorious services dur- 
ing the war. He was Past Commander of Post 
67, G-A-R and a prominent Mason and Odd Fellow.. 
Died 1909. 


Minute Men of '61 

SiMKiiN 11. Barrows. So. WeyincuUi, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Tliird M;iss. Twenty-Ninth Mas.s. Vols. 

Simeon H. Harrows was born in Carver. Mass.' 
March, 1.S28. Moved to Pl,\mouth in 1S49 ; enlisted 
at Pl.Ninouth, 1.S61. for the Third Massachusetts 
Infantry Minute Men three months, then the First 
Battalion Infantry, then in Company E. Twenty- 
Ninth ;\Iassaclni.'-etts Infaritry ; was at the battle of 
I5i,tr Bethel, wounded at Hampton, Va., while on 
picket, was taken to the Regiment hospital for 
three days, was sent to the General Hygiene 
hospital, where he was more than a month, wh.ere 
his wound, shot through the hand, was only 
dressed, not operated upon and he laid there and 
suffered all a man could and live, more than a 
month, until his Captain, who was away, sup- 
posing he was cared for. rrrived at Newport News. 
His first nuA'e was to look after him : he saw how 
he was. could not live but a short time there in that 
shape, and in less than three hours he had him 
carried aboard the steamer "Spaulding" for home; 
he could not be moved on the cars : the Captain 
tried very hard to save his life and he did. 
He lived to .get home, was operated upon and im- 
proved and went back to his Re.giment w-ith the 
use of only one hand. He went from there to the 
Hygiene hospital as steward: detailed on the gun- 
boat, "White Hall." on the ni.ght of the eightii of 
March to help discharge the "Minnesota"; was on 
the boat and met the "Cheese Box" on a raft early 
on the ninth ; it was named by one of his crew. 
Two men were killed on the "'vi'hite Hall" ; he was 
on the ambuhance train that ran night and day to 
take the wmnided as they fell out. and carried 
them to the Hygiene hospital where they could be 
cared for through the .seven days' fight. .Soon after 
that blood poison set in with the loss of the use of 
both hands, the cause neglect of wounds ; never 
was off duty until he was wounded ; all this by 
neglect of wound or surgeon : he has suffered ever 
since with ulcers all over him, and he still lives, 
and .so does Major Doten. 87 years old : his good 
deeds like that keep him with us and able to move 
around with us. S. Hi'- Barrows was discharged at 
Fortress Monroe June 12. 1863. 

1st l,n;iT. OSCAR K. \\'.\shburn. Brockton. :\Iass. 

Minute Meii of '61 

Third Massachusetts Regiment 

I^ieutenant Washburn's Company A. arriveil at 
Fortress Monroe, V;i.. on the afternoon of April 20, 
1.S61. After unslinging equipments, resting a short 
time and partakin.g of rations were at once ordered 
aboard the United .States steamer "Pawnee," just 
sent down from Washington, and proceeded to 
Norfolk. Va.. to help destroy the Navy Yard at that 
place. This accompli.shed. the Company returned 
to the Fort, assisting in .garrison dut>- until 
ordered to Hampton. Va.. about the middle of June, 

While at this latter place. I^ieutenant Washburn 
was actin.g as Officer of the Guard, on the very 
night that the three first slaves of the South, 
entered the Union lines and gave themselves up. 
lyieutenant Washburn turned them over to Eieuten- 
ant Grebble, then Officer of th.e Day, who was the 
first regular army officer killed in the Civil war, 
he delivering them to General Butler's head- 
quarters. A day or two after, the owner came to 
the General and demanded the return of his 
property, but General Butler declined to give thenr 
up, stating they had been employed on the Con- 
federate fortifications, and must be considered 
contraband of war. 

Minute Men of '61 


sei-vice in the attack on l-'ort Ste:idniaii. Va.. March 
25. 1865: and by (Hre:.ti(in of the Piesitlent was 
awarded a Medal of Honor for most distinguished 
gallantry in action at I'ort Steadnian. Va.. March 
25, 1865. in serving with other volunteers, a prc- 
vionsly silenced and abandoned gun. mounted en 
barbette, at Port Haskell, being exposed to a gall- 
ing fire from the enem\ 's sharp-.shooters. 

Major Deane's military service was a varial)le 
one. It took him into thirteen different states. 
He fought in the Second. I'ifth. and Ninth Army 
Corps; with the Arni\- of the Potomac, and with 
the Army of the Ohio. His discharge paper gives 
him the credit of having been engaged in twenty 

He joined Richard Borden Post No. 46. (J-A-R of 
Fall River, Mass.. in 1885. and has .ser\-ed five years 
as Post Commander. He was a National Aide-de- 
Camp in 1890 ; Assi.stant National Inspector in 1894; 
Department Aide-de-Camp in 1888.1894, and 1900; 
:\Iember of the Department Co\mcil of Administra- 
tion in 1889 ; Chief Mustering officer of the depart- 
ment in 1890 ; Assistant Quartermaster-General in 
1892; Junior Vice Department Commander in 1895; 
Senior Vice Department Commander in IS9b and 
Department Commander in IS97. 

J'-.HX M. Deaxe. I-'all River. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

I.ieut. 3d, Mass. Maj. 29th. Regt. Vcls 

John M. Dear.e. was born at Assonet Village. 
T^reetown. Mass.. January 8. 1840. His grandfather. 
Thomas Andres, was a soldier of the Revolution. 
He enlisted in the As!3onet I,ight Infantry, Com- 
pany (;. Third Regiment. .'September. 1858; was ap- 
pointed Sergeant and Company Clerk. 1860 ; 
elected Third I^ieutenant. September. 1860. He re- 
sponded to President lyinccln's first call for troops 
April 15. 1861. and served three mciiths at Fortress 
Monroe, Va., as Second I.ieulenant of his cciBpan\ . 
He took part in the destruction of the Norfolk Nav\ 
Yard, and was for a few weeks in command cf the 
guard kept at Fort Calhoun (The Ril) Raps) 
Hampton Roads. 

He was apiioir.ted Second L,ieutenant in the 
Twent\-Ninth Regimer.t. :\Iassachu.<-etls Vcluii- 
teers, June 1. 1862; First I^ieutenant. Deceml er 2'J. 
1862; Adjutant, Novemher 1, 1863; Captain, Jure 8 
1864 ; and :\Iajor, May 15. 1865. He served as Post 
Adjutant at Paris. Ky., from April to August. 1S63. 
and was on detached service at the Draft Rendez- 
vous. Boston Harbor, from September. 1863. to :\Iay. 

He served on the staff cf JIajor-General O. B. 
Wilcox from April until his muster out in August. 
1865, being appointed Marshal of the First 
Division Ninth Army Corps. April 25. 1865 ; Provost 
Marshal of Georgetown. D. C. May 20. 1865; and 
Provost Marshal and Pass Officer. District of Wasli- 
ington, July 11, 1865. 

He was comnjissioned Major of United States 
Volunteers, by Brevet, for gallant and meritorious 

George W. Wheelock. Boston, (died May 2, 1902 

inute en of '61. 
Company C. 3d.. Mass. Fifth Mass. Li ght Battery. 

Minute Men of '61 

Da\ii) W. UruiiAXK (deceaseil). Neponset. 

Minute Men of '61 

ConipanN B, Third Reyinient. M.Y.M. 

In the death of Comrade Seryeant David W. 
Burbank of Pl.\ month, his old associates will feel 
deep sorrow. Comrade Burbank responded to the 
first call of the President April, 1S61, and served 
faithfully in Company B, Third Regiment. M.V.INI 
(Standish Cuards). commanded by Captain C. C- 
Doten. He was one of the first to enlist in Com- 
pany K. Twenty-'i'hird Re.Eriment M.V.I in Septem- 
ber, 1861. for three .\ears. He was a reliable .soldier. 
Always ready and willinir to do his duty in camp, 
on the march, or picket, and the battlefield. Re- 
spectful to his superior officers, kind and consider- 
ate towards his subordinates, and loved by all. 
Owin,ij' to disabilit.\ contracted in line of ilnty from 
active military service in the field, he was trans- 
ferred to the veteran reserve corps in April, 1S64, 
and performed duty as a subordinate officer on 
board a hospital steamer conveying paroled and 
discharged prisoners. His funeral services at Ne- 
ponset, November 10,1908,were conducted by G-A-R 
Posts of Dorchester, of which he was a worthy 
comrade. Sergeant Burbank was a son of the late 
David and Susan Burbank of Plymouth, and resided 
in Plymouth, until 1S61. He was .seventy-three 
years of age at his death, leaving a wife, and three 

Ch.a.s. p;. B.\r.xks, Pl.\montli (Died Jan. 4, 1902) 

Minute Men of '61 

Third ]Massacluisetts Re.triment 

Charles E. Barnes, born in Plymouth. Mass., 
Octoher31, 1840 ; his descent on his mother's side 
bein.g in direct line from Elder William Brew.ster, 
tile religious teacher of the Ma\flower Pil.grims. 

When the .Standish Guards. Company B. Third 
Regiment, M.V.M. assemble. 1 in their arnior\- on 
the morning of April 16. resijond to the 
order from Governor .\ndrew. for service to the 
government against armed rebellion, IVIr, Barnes, 
though not a member of the militia, took a musket 
from the gun rack and fell in. thus niakin.g himself 
the first volunteer from tlie town, and becoming 
actually ,i Minute Man. 

.\fter returning from tlie three months' cam- 
paign at Fortress Monroe and vicinit>'. lie was en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits until .•\ugust, 1862, 
when he again enlisted, in Company G. Thirty- 
Fiighth Massachusetts Infantr\ Volunteers, under 
Captain Charles C. Doten, his former commander, 
by whom he was appointed .Sergeant, and at a 
later date in Eouisana was promoted to the First 
.Sergeantcy of his company. The .service in that 
malarial climate was peculiarly trying and so 
seriously undermined his health that after two 
severe he was obliged to accept a dis- 
charge and left the regiment, much to the regret of 
his officers and comrades. 

Mr. Barnes repre.sented his town in the Legis- 
latures of 1877-78, was President of the Plymouth 
Co-operative Bank, a Past Noble Grand of May- 
flower I^odge of Odd Fellows, and a Past Com- 
mander of Collingwood Post. No. 76, <i-A-R of 
Plymouth, from which he was frequently sent as 
delegate to the National Conventions of the Grand 

At the time of his death January 4, 1902, he was 
Assistant Quarter-Master General of the Depart- 
ment of Massachusetts, G-A-R. 

MixrTK Mks of '61 

Captain Sajiuel C. Wrk;ht. South Boston. 
Minute 'Sleu of '61 
3d. Jla.';;;. Resrt, 29th, Regt. :\ Vols. 
Samuel C. Wri.irht. first enlisted in Compan\ E. 
Third Massachu.setts Infantry, later .served in First 
Massachu-^etts EaUillion Infantry, then in Com- 
pany E. Tvi'enty-Xinth !Massachusetts Infantry, and 
in'one engra,!jement with One hundred and Twenty- 
Ninth Ohio Infantr\-. Participated in the following 
battles : Big Bethel, Warwick Road, Hampton, Nor- 
folk, Gaines Mills, Peach Orchard, .Savajre .Station, 
\\liite Oak .Swamp, Glendale, Malvern Hill, second 
Bull Run, South Mountain, Antietam, .Snickers 
Gap, Fredericksburff, Vicksbiu"?:. Jackson, Blue 
Springs, Hough's Ferry, Campbells Station, 
Fort Saunders, Knoxville, .Strawberry Plain, 
Tolopotmy, .Shady Grove Road, Bethesda Church, 
Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Crater, Walker's Ford. 
"Wounded five times, twice reported dead, twice 
proiTioted on the field, and given a medal from 
Congress " for gallantry in action," was in char,ge 
of Rebel Prisons at Paris, Ky. At the retreat from 
Strawberry Plains to Knoxville, E. Tenn., he 
<iragged himself between the Rebel and Union 
Skirmish line for a distance of thirteen miles with 
the bones protruding through one of his legs. 
Was one of the squad of twelve men to capture at 
great risk of life the noted rebel spy, Thomas 
Campbell (and others) who was hung by orders of 
Generals Burnside, and Tazewell. E. Tenn., made 
color bearer for life by Regimental Association, 
held rank of Colonel on staff of National Com- 
mander I'-V-U. Served on staff of Department 
Commander G-A-R of Massachusetts. 

Is.\.ic Otis Willev, Lynn, Mass. 

:Minute :\Ien of '61 

Third Massachusetts Regiment 

Isaac O. Willey was born in Hartford. Conn., 
Februar\- 20. 1.S40 : moved to .Strafford, N. H., when 
\'oun.g. Went to I.,ynn in 1S60. was there when the 
war broke out, enlisted in an independent com- 
pany he rai.sed in I,ynn, April 19. 1861 ; was sent to 
I'-ortress Monroe early in JIa.v and joined the Third 
Massachusetts, stationed there. At the expiration 
of the three months' service of the Third this 
Company with several other JIassachusetts com- 
panies was made into a Regiment and nmubered 
Twenty-Nine, he served with this Regiment until 
November, 1S62, when he was transferred to I<i,ght 
Battery L,, Fourth United .States .'Vrtillery, for the 
unexpired term of his service. 

He participated in all the marches and battles of 
that famous organization: was at the battles of 
Hatnpton Roads, Joiner's Ford, at the seige of 
Suffolk and was with the column that raised seige 
by .Sortie after thirty-four days' seige and several 
other smaller affairs was finally discharged May 
22, 1864. Is now a patrolman on the Lynn Police 


Minute Mkn of "61 

Wii.LAM P. Green, Iv.\nii, :Mass. 

Minute Men of '61. 

Co. I. 3d, Mas.';. Co. B, 4th, H. A. 

William I'. Creen, born in Nevvlniryport, Mass. 
1842, enlisted at I.ynn, April 19, 1,S61, in Captain 
Chamberlain's Company, which joined the Third 
M-V-M at Fort Monroe. When the Third came 
home at expiration of three months, the Company 
joined othei Massachusetts Companies stationed 
there, which formed the neucleus of what was 
afterwards the TwcTity-Ninth Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, lie served in all the canipai.a:ns of that Regi- 
ment until I'ebruary 21, 1S63, when he was 
di.scharRcd for disability. 

lie re-cnlisted in Company I!, l^'ourth Massachu- 
setts Heavy Artillery, Ausrust 6, 1864, promoted 
Sergeant. September 1, 1864. He served with this 
Kegimenl \intil the close of the war and was finally 
discharged June 17, 1865. He returned to I^ynn and 
engaged in shoe manufacturing business. He 
belonged to and was prominent in a number of 
local .societies, he was a hard working member of 
Post Xo. .=;, (;-A-R. 

Otis Rogers. Campello. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

hi. Co. H, 3d Mass., Capt. 23d R-jt. M.V.M . 

Otis Rogers, born in I'l\-mouth. Mass.. June 
1832. of Revolutionary ancestors, educated in the 
public schools: enlisted in Co, B, (Staiidish 
Guards) Third M.V.M. ; served as Private and 
.Second Sergeant, commi.ssioned Second lyieu tenant 
June. 1S39. Re.sponded to first call of President 
I.incoln April 15. 1S61, wa? at destruction of 
Norfolk Navy Yard on April 19-20. Stationed at 
Fortress Monroe and Hampton, Va., commissioned 
First I^ieutenant April 22. 1861. mustered out by 
reason of expiration of .service July 22, 1861. En- 
listed .September 6, 1861 for three years, commis- 
sioned First I.,ieutenant and assigned to Com pany 
K- Twenty-Third Regiment M.V.M. for which he 
had assisted in recruitin.g. First active service in 
Burnside expedition. In their successful capture 
and occupation of Roanoke Island and New Berne, 
N. C, February and March 1862. In October of that 
year was transferred to the command Company H, 
at the battles of Kinstou, Whitehall and Golds- 
boro, N, C, December, 1862. Commissioned 
Captain December 29, 1862, again assigned to 
Company F (original Company) which he com- 
manded until mustered out at expiration of service 
October 13, 1864. Was in all the engagements of 
the Regiment. Appointed Military Instructor at 
House of Reformation .September, 1875, organized a 
Batalliou of six companies (minor.s) armed and 
eciuipped. Resigned .September. 1878, Justice of 
the Peace since July, 18S5. Residence, Brockton, 

Minute Men 'of '61 

Capt. Charles C. Dotkx. Plymouth, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

3d Mass. Regt. 3Sth Mass. Vols. 

Captain Charles Carroll Doten, of the 
Third and Thirty-Eighth Massachusetts 
Regiments, was born in old Pilgrim, Ply- 
mouth, April 9, 1833. He was educated as 
a civil engineer, and in 1858 was engaged 
in general surveying in the territor\- of 
Minnesota, then overrun by the Sioux 
Indians, among whom he was located, 
and there experienced the roughness and 
romance of frontier life. On his return to 
Massachusetts he took up telegraphy, fol- 
lowing it as operator and manager for 
fifteen years. He was in command of the 
Standish Guards, Company B, Third Regi- 
ment, M.V.M., at the breaking out of the 
Civil War, and at three o'clock in the 
morning of April 16, 1861, written orders 
reached him on President Lincoln's call 
for troops. B}- early train the same morn- 
ing he reported in Boston with the Ph- 
niouth Company of Minute Men of '61, and 
four daj'S from that time, with his Com- 
pany and . Regiment, took part in the 
destruction of Norfolk Navy Yard and the 
rescue of the United States frigate, " Cum- 
berland," these Massachusetts soldiers of 

the Third Regiment being the first state 
troops to pass within the lines of the 
Southern Confederacy', confront reljel bat- 
teries, and commit acts of war on the soil 
of a southern state. 

In 1862 he raised and commanded Ct)m- 
pany G, Thirty-Kighth Massachusetts Vol- 
unteers, serving in the Department of the 
Gulf, and at the battle of Bisland, La., 
where thirty-three per cent of the men he 
took into action were killed or wounded, 
he received special commendation from 
Generals Banks and Emory for courage 
and coolness. Later, at Opelousas, he was 
ordered into the Department Telegraph 
service, from wdiich, on account of a pul- 
monary trouble, he was honorably dis- 
charged May 20, 1863. 

He was elected to the Massachusetts 
Legislatures of 1865 and 1866 as repre- 
sentative from the Plymouth district, and 
served both years on the committee on 
Military AiTairs. 

In February, 1898, he was appointed by 
Governor Wolcott a member of the State 
Board of Harbor and Land Commissioners, 
a position for which by education and 
experience he was deemed well qualified. 
He was re-appointed by Governor Wolcott 
for the full term of three years from 
July 1, 1899. 

For the past twent3'-eight years Captain 
Doten has been the editor of the "Old 
Colonv Memorial," the leading weekly 
newspaper of southeastern Massachusetts, 
and of which he is now also the sole pro- 
prietor. He is a comrade of Post 76 
G-A-R and prominent as a Mason, an Odd 
Fellow, and in other fraternal and benevo- 
■ lent organizations. 


Minute Men of '61 

Uf.-njamix S. AtwooI). Wliitnian, ilass. C",i;or(;i-; D. Willia:\i.s. Freetown, :Mass. (deceased^ 

Minute Men of '61 Minute Men of '61 

Co. H, 3d Mass. Regt.. Serst. Co. B, 3d M.V.M., 9 ni. 3d, Mass. Cautaiu 29th, Massachusetts A'ohuiteers. 

Comrade Atwood was one of the liveliest "Minute 
Men of '61," gettin.e the call in the earb' morning 
of April 16, hitchiii.g up his horse and starting be- 
fore breakfast to help fill the ranks of Company H. 
of Plympton, in the Tliird Regiment, Colonel D. 
W. Wardrop. He went with the Regiment to 
Fortress Monroe, took part in the destruction of 
Norfolk Navy Yard, afterwarils doing lots of work 
in remounting guns of the fort, and in fatiguing 
guard duty at Hampton, \'a. After the three 
months' service he was commissioned by Governor 
Andrew as First l.ieutcnant and recruited the 
Plympton company to over fiftj' men, ready for 
any call. Finally, when nine inonths' men were 
wanted he enlisted in Company B, of the Third 
Tiegiment, Colonel Silas P. Richmond, being ap- 
pointed .Sergeant. The Regiment served in North 
Carolina, and was in several fights, in which Com- 
rade Atwood proved himself not only a good 
soldier, but a "non-com," who could comprehend 
and execute orders as well as if he had worn 
shoulder straps, usually holding position at the 
right of his Company, and acting orderly Sergeant 
every time there was a fight or a hard march. 

He is a prominent and popular citizen of Clnit- 
man, in which town he owns and runs a large 
steam lumber mill, and is extensively engaged in 
the manufacture of all kinds of wooden boxes, 
"victor " castors, and shoe racks. He is connected 
with various local organizations, a member of Old 
■Colony Commandery of Knights Templars, of 
Abington, and is known all through Plymouth 
County among men and Masons, as a capital good 

The above is furnished by a comrade who served 
with him. 

Captain f'.eorge D. Williams was born January 9, 
1824. at A.ssonet Village, Freetown, Mass. He re- 
ported for duty April 15, 1861, and served three 
months as Sergeant in Company G. Third Regi- 
ment, :\I.V.M at Fortress Monroe, Va. He was 
present at the destruction of the Norfolk Navy 
Yard. Re-enlisted as Sergeant in Companj- F, 
Twenty-Ninth Massachusetts Infantry in Decem- 
ber, 1S61, promoted to Second Lieutenant, January 
27, 1<S63; to First Lieutenant, May 21, 1864, and to 
Captain, June 8, 1864. Mu.stered out 11, 
1865. At the battle of Malvern Hill, Va., he volun- 
teered to take a message to another Regiment, that 
reciiiired him to cross an open field in full view of 
the enemy, exposed to their murderous fire. He 
walked over and back in the coolest manner pos- 
sible, winning praise from his commanding officer. 

At the liattle of Fort Steadman, Va., before day- 
li.ght a rebel oflicer seized him by the throat, threw 
him to the .ground and took his sword. In turn, he 
knocked the rebel down, recovered his own sword, 
took that of his antagonist and marched him to 
headquarters 'a prisoner. The captured .sword 
which he brought home was marked "Charleston, 
1776." Captain 'Williams was always to be found 
on the firing line. He was wounded in the left 
arm at Poplar Grove Church, Va., August 49, 1864. 
He died March 9, 1902. 

Minute Men of '61 


(',kok(;e H. Shaw. Middleboro, Mass. 

Miiuite Men of '61 

Co. K, 3d Ma.s.s. Corp. Co. B, 3d Mass. Regt. 9 mos, 

William D. Ch.\mberlaix. (Decea.sed). 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I. 3d. Mass., Capt. 29th. Regt. Mass. Vols. 

George H. Shaw was born in Carver, 
August 24, 1834, a son of Unus and Dicy 
(Allen) Shaw. He came from good old 
fighting stock, his grandfather on his 
mother's sine Captain Jacola Allen, having 
served in the Revolutionary war, and being 
killed at the battle of Stillwater. His son, 
Timothy, a mere lad, attended his father 
during his ser\ice, enlisting before the 
close of the war. Mr. Shaw's great-grand- 
father on his father's side was captain of a 
company in the Revolution, and his grand- 
father, Joseph Shaw, was in the war of 
1S12. At the time of President I/incoln's 
first call for three hundred thousand men, 
Mr. Shaw was a member of Captain W. S. 
McFarlin's Company K, Third Regiment, 

William D. Chamberlain, born in Salem, 
1S19, educated in the public schools. 
Moved to Lynn, 1839. Commissioned 
Major vSecond Artillery Fourth Brigade, 
Second Division, M.V.M August 13, 1852. 
At the breaking out of the Civil War he 
raised a Company and was made its Captain 
April 19, 1861. Promoted Major C. S. 
United States Volunteers, Department of 
the Gulf, April 25, 1864 ; mustered out, 
Octolier 16, 1865 ; returned to Lynn. 
Prominent in a number of civic societies, 
among which he reckoned as one of the 
dearest, the G-A-R . He was a member of 
Post 5, and was for a number of years its 


Minute Men of '61 


KuwAKi) T- Chandler. Smnerville. Mans. 

Minute' Men of '61 

3d Mass. Kegt. 22d :\I.V.M. 

Kdwavd T. Chandler was lioni in Lexinuton. 
Mass., I'ebruary 28. 1S40. He was one of the first 
to enlist from the town of L,exingrton. in Company 
C. Third M.V.M.. the first company org-anized in 
the I'nited States for tlie war. 

The service rendered at Fortress Munroe b\- 
Company C, was of such importance, that Colonel 
Dimick. of the United States Army. Commandant 
of the Fort, .trave it si>ecial notice. 

Re-enlisted August 10. 1S61 in the Twenty-Second 
Regiment for three years and was discharged at 
the expiration of the term of service. He was a 
private (hiring the whole of his service and partici- 
pated in the following engagements, Destruction of 
the Norfolk Navy Yard the night of April 20. 1861, 
Yorklown, Fair Oaks, Hanover Court House, 
Seven Days before Richmond, (lettysburg, 
Antietam and the Wilderness, where I'e was 
womided in the .second day's fight. 

At the close of the Civil War he was connected 
with the N. Y., & N. E. R. R., afterwards a clerk 
in the ITnited States Navy Yard for eleven years. 
an<l for twenty-four years has carried oil the 
M;ister Painting bu.siness. 

He is a tnember of the Sons of the American 
Revolution and Post 11, G-A-R., Massachusetts 
Aide de Camp on the National and Department 

He is son of the late Major General Samuel 
Chandler of Lexington, who was First I.ieutenant 
in the Ninth United States Infantry in the war of 
1S12 and 1S14 and was in the Siege of Fort Erie 
I.undy's l,aiie and Chippewar Plains His grand- 
father, John Chandler held a commi.ssion as 

Cornet" of His Majesty's Blue Troop and was in 
the Colonial Wars, although he held a commission 
under the Royal (Governor he was not to his 
native colony. He was a member as well as his 
son John Chandler 2nd of that noble band of 
Patriots who resisted the power of England on 
I<exiiigtoii Green. April 19, 1775. Four of his sons 
were in the service, three were wounded and one 
was taken prisoner at the Second Bull Run and 
paroled on the field. 

Sylvanxts Boukne, Halifax. Mass. 
Minute Men of '61. 
Company A, Third Massaclursetts Regiment 

S^'lvaiuis Bourne was liorn in Halifax, 
Mass., April 4, 1,^'39. He joined the Old 
Halifax company. Company A, Third 
Res^iment, MA'.M., about 1856, went to 
Fortress Munroe, Norfolk and Hampton, 
Va., with the company April 16, 1861. 
He has been elected and served his native 
town as Selectman fourteen years, in 1909 
was re-elected as Assessor for term of 
three years which will complete his twenty 
years service in that office. His brother, 
William N. Bourne served as Sergeant, 
Company I), Fifty-Eighth Massachusetts 
Regiment Volunteers during the 'entire 
term of that Regiment's service. His 
grandfather, Newcomb Bourne served his 
country in 1778 and again in^l780. 

Minute Men of '61 


William G. Davis. New Bodfcnl, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company I^. Third Massachtisftts. 

Wa.s born in Westport, Mass, June 14, 

He volunteered in Company L, Third 
Regiment Massachusetts Militia, April 25, 
1861, as private and went to Fortress Mon- 
roe for three months, and took part in des- 
troy ing the Navy Yard at Norfolk, Va. 
The Regiment remained at Fortress 
Monroe until July 12., 1861 ; was mustered 
out and returning to Massachusetts he 
again enlisted in Company D, Twenty- 
Third Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer 
Infantry, on September 19, 1861 ; for three 
years and was mustered into the United 
States Service on Septeiuber 28, 1861, as 
private, and was promoted Fourth Sergeant 
before they left the state. He received the 
appointment of First Sergeant, October 4, 
1863. He also received a commission from 
John A. Andrews, Governor of Massachu- 
setts ; dated October 14, 1863, as P'irst 
Lieutenant, and also as Captain, dated 
November 14, 1864 ; was mustered out 
June 25, 1865, at expiration of term of 

The following are among the many en- 
gagements in which he took part : 

Roanoke, N. C. ; New-Berne, N. C. 
Rawles' Mills, N. C. ; Kinston, N. C. 
Goldsboro, N. C. ; White Hall, N. C. 
Wilcox Bridge, N. C. ; Winton, N. C. 
Smithfield, Va. ; Heckman Farm, Va. 
Arrowfield Church, Va ; Drury Bluff, Va.; 
Cold Harbor, Va.; Petersburg, Va.; Sec- 
ond Kinston, N. C. 

Da\ ID Vv'. Vv'AKDROP. Past. Tres. 

Miuule Men of '61 

Bri.iradier (General United State.; Volunteer 

Bern in I'liiladelphia, 1824, died July 10, 
1898. When a young man heremo\ed to 
New Bedford, Mas-s. Was connected with 
the whaling inrlustries of the Port. Re- 
sumed his nnlitary training" at West Point. 
At the Ijrcaking ctit of the Civil War was 
Colonel of the Third Massachusetts 
Volunteers ; served with that Regiment 
and at expiration of it served as Colonel of 
the Ninety-Ninth New York Vclunteers. 
Mustered out as Brevetted Brigadier 
(leneral. After the war was appointed 
Inspector of Customs at Boston which 
position he held at time of his death. He 
was a brave and worthy officer, also an 
upright citizen. Has held the office of 
president of Minute Men of Massachusetts 
as well as at head of several other organi- 


Minute Men of '61 

Cephas Washburn Jr., Kiimston, Mass. 

Minute Men tf '61. 

Capt. M Mas.s. l.ieut.. Co. D, .«tli, Mas.s., Vo\^. 

Captain Ceplia.s Washburn was born in 
TJridgewater, Mass., January 18, 1832, and 
was for several \ ears prior to the Civil War, 
a member of the M.V.M. In answer to 
President L/incoln's first call, entered the 
service April 16, 1861, as L/ieutenant 
of Company A, Third Regiment, M.V.M 
landing at Fortress Monroe, Va. His first 
active service was taking part in the des- 
truction of Gosport Navy Yard at Norfolk, 
Va., on the night of April 20, 1861. 

Was stationed at Hampton, Va., and at 
the Fort, assisting in garrison duty, serving 
until expiration of term of service. While 
at the latter place, and being I^ieutenant 
of the (iuard at the time, had the honor of 
bringing into the union lines, the first 
three slaves that were afterwards termed 
contrabands of war by General Butler. 
Mustered out of service July 22, 1861, at 
Boston Harbor. Was comniis.sioned Cap- 
tain Ma_\-, 1862, but resigned to accept First 
lyieutenant's connnission in Company D, 
Thirty- Eighth Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteers serving with that Regiment 
until March 2, 1863, when he resigned, on 
account of disabilities incurred in" the ser- 
vice. He was a member of the Massachu- 
setts Legislature in 1865, the last year of 
Governor Andrew's administration, and 
voted for the constitutional amendment, 
which forever prohibited slavery within 
the limits of the United States. 

John A. Towle, Brockton, Mass . 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. H, 3d Kes<t. Co. H. ISth Mass. Vols 

John A. Towle participared with the 
Minute Men in the destruction of Gosport 
Navy Yard, and with the Flighteenth Regi- 
ment in the .siege of Yorktown and Penin- 
stda and Chickahominy campaign entire. 
He was born in Thomaston, Me., Novem- 
ber 24, 1836. 

-Minute Men of '61 


lyiNUS A. Shaw, Walertown, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

3d Mass. Sergt. 18th Mass. Capt. 3d M.V.M 

Carleton a. \^heiler. Keene. N. H. 

Minnie Men cf '61 

Third Mas.sachnsetls BaUalicn 

Caleb T. Robbins. Plynionth, :\Ias.s, 

Minnte Men of '61 

3d Mass. Regt. Cc. D, 29th and 36th Mass. Vols. 

Alvi.x r. \'.\v<,r.-s. IMiddleboro, Mass. 

Mir. nte Men of nl 

3d Mi'.sF. ;ind I.ient. C". I. "tli Vermont Vols. 


Minute Men of '61 

George Sidney Whitixg. Died June 1". 1S97 

Minute M-u cf ' >! 

Co. B. 29th :\Iass. SUi Vet. Vcls. Bom Nov. 21. 1 37 

SoLOMAX Me.seiivk. No. AbiiLyton, M is.s. 

Mi'.-.iite Men cf 'fl 

3d Re,u-t. ar.d U.S. Si.tjiia! Ccriis 

WiLLi.\M W. i;o3D. HaiiSO! , 
Minute Men of '61 
Scr.,--!. Co. A., 3d Mass. Re.ift. Vols. 9 Mos. 

Corp. Warren RicK.A.Rn. Died 1S9.S 

Miinite Men of '61 

3d.Massachu! etts Regrinient Vols. 

Minute Men of '61 


Skrgt. Jcii:-: Shaxno . Di.d Dec. 31. 1S'19 

IMinute Men of '61 

;<1 nr.d 29ili INIa.'isachusett.s Resrinieiit 

John Vose. Bcston. :Maf.^. 

jNIinute Men of '61 

Co. C. Tliird Ma.^.sachiisetts Rcaiment 

Sergt. J. MiKR.w AT^voo^. PI\ im nth. ; 

Minute :\Ien of '61. 

3d. 29th. and 36th Massichu.seLt.s Re^^nlent 

E. How.iRD Burgess. Poca.sset, Mas.s. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. K. Third Ma.s.sachu.sett.s Regiment 


Minute Men of '61 

Welcome H. Richmond. Assoiiet, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. G. Third Regiment, Mass. Vols. 

James H. Hathaway. Walpole, 

Minute Men of '61 

1st Sergft. Cos. G and A. 3d Mass. 

Aluhkt Jo.sselyn, So. Hanson, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Corp. Co. A., 3d Massichusetts Vols^ 

Simeon I). Hitc co k. (Da.ei.sed) 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. C. 3(1 Ma-s. Vols. Born lS."i9. in Cambridg 

Minute Men of '61 


Arthur Harris, East Bridgevvater, Mass. 

Minute Men of "61 

Sergt. Co. A, 3d Mass. 1st. Heavy Artillery 

John W. Maruli;, As.sonet, Freetown, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. G, 3d. Mass. Co. A, 3d. Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Benjamin H.xrdinc l^ridi; water, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
e'i Co. A. 3d Ma.ssachusetts Regiment 

Nathaxiki. Morton. Bryanville, 

Minute Men of '61 

I,t. Co. A., 3d.Mass. Vols. 9^mos. 

Minute Men of '61 

Ij:vi H iWKK.s. Cambri'.lse. Mass. (Deceased). 

Minute Men cf '61 

Co. C 3d .Sergt. Cc. H, IS'ih Mas.s. 

Willt-vmUkniiy Taylor, New Bedford, 

Minute Men of '61 

C.)uii>an.v I.. Third Massachusetts 

C.^l'T.MN Skth W. Paty, 3d Ma.-iS. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E, 29th Mass. Volunteers 

Augustus P. Martix, Past President 

Minute Men of '61 

1st and 3d I,t. Battery, Briji. Gen. U. S. Vol. 

Minute Men of '61 


Captain Sila^, P. Richmond, Freetown, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Colonel Third Mass. Vol. 

:\Iinutc :\Ilu of Ll 
First Ma;.s. Ballery. T\veni.\ Xintli :\Ia^•s. Vols 

1st I.,ient. HiMPHREY A. Francis. Taunton. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company G, Third Regiment 

Henry K. Ellis. Middleboro. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. H. Third o2d Regt. Mass. Vols 



Who Answered the First Call for Troops in April, '61. 

Hardly had the echoes of the guns of 
Sumter died away, when the proclamation 
of the President, calling for volunteers, 
sounded through the North, and met a 
cordial, earnest response from the govern- 
ments of the loyal states. Among the 
first regiments called into the field was 
the Fourth Massachusetts, composed of 
companies belonging to various towns 
along the Old Colony shore. The order 
for its appearance on Boston Common, at 
noon of Tuesday, April 16, 1861, reached 
the hands of Colonel Abner B. Packard 
late on the afternoon of the fifteenth. He 
immediately issued his orders and dis- 
patched them by a special messenger to 
the several companies under his command. 
The farthest point to l^e reached by the 
messenger was Taunton, where he arrived 
at two o'clock Tuesday morning, amid a 
driving storm of rain. 

Within twelve hours, every company 
had reported itself at Faneuil Hall, which 
had been made the place of rendezvous 
instead of the common, on account of the 
storm. Later in the afternoon, in accord- 
ance with a telegram from Washington, 
the Sixth Regiment was ordered to pro- 
ceed forthwith to Fortress Monroe, while 
it was understood that the remaining 
Regiments, the Third, Fourth and Eighth, 
would remain a day or two longer. On 
Wednesday, the seventeenth, however, 
the order of the preceding day was 
changed, and the Fourth Regiment was 
notified to be in readiness at three o'clock 
same afternoon, to march. With the ex- 
ception of muskets and cartridge-boxes, 
and the old state uniform, the men were 
almost wliolh- unprovided with arms and 
equipments. Most of them had expected 
to be able to send or go to their homes 
again before leaving. They were, how- 
ever, soon fitted out with overcoats and 

blankets which the provident foresight of 
Governor Andrew had provided, knap- 
sacks and haversacks, the latter of which 
were stored with rations for three daj'S ; 
the old guns were exchanged for new 
Springfield rifle muskets ; and at three 
p.m. the Regiment stood in Merchant's 
Row, ioiw hundred and sixty-two men, 
all told. 

It proceeded amid the most intense 
enthusiasm of the crowds which tlironged 
the streets — to the State House, where, 
after the companies had received further 
supplies of clothing and equipments of 
various kinds, they were addressed by 
Governor Andrew, who said : — 

"It gives me unspeakable pleasure to 
witness this array from the good Old 
Colony. You have come from the shores 
of the sounding sea, where lie the ashes 
of Pilgrims, and you are bound on a high 
and noble pilgrimage for liberty, for the 
union and con.stitution of your countrv. 
Soldiers of the Old Bay State, sons of 
sires who never disgraced their flag in 
civil life or on the tented field, I thank 
you from the Ijottoni of my heart for this 
noble response to the call of }our state 
and your country. You cannot wait for 
words. I bid }OU Godspeed and an 
affectionate farewell. " 

Colonel Packard replied in brief and 
fitting terms, and the Regiment took up its 
line of march for the Old Colon\' depot. 
The march through the cit}' was a perfect 
ovation. The intense, earnest excitement 
of the time showed itself in cheers, in 
man)' a hearty Godspeed, and in many a 
moistened eye. 

Ouickh- embarking on board a train in 
readiness to receive it, the Regiment at ten 
p.m., marched on board the .steamer, 
' ' State of INIaine, ' ' at Fall River. All along 
the depots were thronged with anxious 


Minute Men of '61 

crowds, whose fhccrs and salvos of ar- 
tillt-rv tfstificd tlu-ir s\inpalhy and .i^ood 

About inidiiij^ht on the ei;<hteenth, we 
sailed for I'ortress Monroe, Va., t^oing 
down on the coast. Not knowing' who 
were in possession of the Fortress, and 
expecting that we might be attacked by 
rebel steamers. Colonel Packard ordered a 
portion of the men to be supplied with 
ball cartridges, and the six pounder, the 
onlv piece of artillery on board, to be 
made ready for action. 

We arrived oiT Cape Henr}- about two 
a.m., pa.s.sed in towards Hampton Roads 
and landed at eight a.m., ou the twentieth 
marching into the fort amid the cheers of 
the little garrison. The fort was found to 
be almost unarmed on the land side and 
illv .supplied with material of war. For 
several weeks, the men were employed 
mounting heav\- guns, unloading vessels, 
.storing provisions, keeping guard, etc. 

Near the middle of May, General Butler 
arrived and took command of the Depart- 
ment of Virginia, and he, having deter- 
mined to occupy Newport News, a point of 
land commanding James river, on May 
27, the Fourth Regiment, in conjunction 
with a New York regiment under Colonel 
Beudix, and a \'ermont regiment under 
Colonel, now (VeUeral Phelps, took 
sion of that point, and proceeded to form 
an entrenched camp. The fortifications, 
near a half a mile in length, were laid out 
l3y Captain Stewart, and were formed as 
follows : A palisade was made of logs cut 
and brought in from the adjacent forest, 
against which the earth was thrown up on 
the outside, forming a rampart twelve feet 
in width at the Ijase, .six feet at the 
summit, and six feet in height. In front 
was a ditch of similar dimensions ; along 
the lines were mounted six pieces of 
artillery, while on the bluff was a battery 
of ,six heavy guns, including one rifie 
twenty pounder for the Sawyer projectiles. 
One or more vessels of war alwaj-s laid off 
the camp in a position to sweep the beach 
in either direction. 

Ivittle occurred while the Regiment was 
at Newport News to disturb the routine of 
camp life. Working at the entrenchment, 

doing guard duty, drill and scouting went 
on regularly- and quietly. On June 9, 
however, five companies were detailed, 
with a portion of the \'ermont and New 
York regiments, to uiake up a detach- 
ment to join one from Hampton, to start 
at one o'clock the next morning" to attack 
Big" Bethel, a position held by the eneni}-, 
aljout twelve miles from Newport News. 
With the detachment went the ever- 
lamented I^ieutenant Greble, in charge of 
two pieces of artiller}-. Of the battle of 
Big Bethel it is needless to go into details. 
Its unfortunate result was owing to a 
variety of causes, but if the other troops 
engaged had done their duty as well, and 
gone as far as those from Massachusetts 
and ^'ermont, the name of Big Bethel 
would not have headed a long of 
Federal repulses. 

The Fourth Regiment remained at 
Newport News until July 3, when, in 
accordance with orders from General 
Butler, it moved to the village of Hamp- 
ton, which it occupied with the Third 
Massachusetts Regiment, during the re- 
mainder of its term of .service. On it,s 
arrival there it found the quaint old town 
deserted. Hardl_\" a score of its former 
white inhabitants remained, although 
many negroes, especially old and very 
young ones, were still there. 

The troops had quarters assigned them 
in the various houses, and there remained 
iindisturbed until Wednesday, July 11, 
when they marched over to Fortress Mon- 
roe, preparatory to embarking for home. 
There their Springfield mu.skets were 
exchanged for old altered flint-lock ones. 
The men were addressed by General 
Butler, and when on board the boat, by 
Colonel Dimmick, the Commandant of 
the Fort. The latter said, "I never heard 
of complaints against Massachusetts men ; 
next to regulars, let me commend Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers. ' ' 

At three p.m., on the fifteenth, the 
Regiment embarked on board the .steamer 
"S. R. Spaulding," and after a pleasant 
passage of about fifty-six hours entered 
Boston Harbor. Owing to circum.stances 
it was deemed expedient to keep the Regi- 
ment together until it could be mustered 

Minute Men of '61 


out. It landed, therefore, on Long Island, 
where it found the Third Regiment already 
encamped, and there remained until 
Tuesday, Jul\- 22. when the two regiments 
struck their tents and shortly after landed 
at Long Wharf, from whence they 
marched to the common. 

The reception somewhat dampened l)y 
the news of the battle of Bull Run was \et 
most enthusiastic. Arriving on the 
common, an order from Governor Andrews 
was read, thanking the troops for their 
services, an 1 then the several companies 
were dismissed to their respective homes. 


Minute Man of '61 

Although half a century- has passed 
away, memories of that, the most eventful 
day of my life, April 16, 1861, will ever 
remain. As a school boy, with books in 
hand and on my way to school, I first 
learned that war had l)een declared. 
Meeting Lieutenant Richard.son of Com- 
pany F, "Warren Light Guards," Fourth 
Regiment, Massachusetts State Militia 
(the Company being stationed in the town 
of Foxboro, Mass., m_\' home), he being 
in uniform, I asked him if the Company 
was to parade; he told me that President 
Lincoln had called for sevent^'-five thou- 
sand men, and that Company F had been 
ordered to report at Faneuil Hall, forth- 
with, there to join other companies of the 
Regiment, to go to Washington, D. C. I 
informed him that I would go, but must 
first obtain my father's permission. I 
being under age. My loyal father bid me 
go, and within ten minutes, instead of 
going to my school, I reported at the 
Company's armorj', signed my name to the 
rolls and became a member as private in 
Company F, Fourth Massachusetts State 
Militia, now ready as a "Minute Man," 
to defend my country's honor and my flag. 
After going to bid good-bye to my school- 
mates, sisters and dear mother (whose 
grandfather was a "Minute Man" April 
19, 1775). I returned to the armory, was 
given a uniform coat (never tailor fitted) 
and a leather hat (rather too large); then 

on went the white cross belts, with other 
required equipments, and last a musket 
with which I expected to lay out any rebel 
I should meet, then I was a full fledged 
soldier, ready for action. 

I was assigned to my place in the ranks, 
and soon marched away, with a feeling of 
pride, such as is onlj' known by those who 
have passed the ordeal of the same degree. 
Company F was commanded by Captain 
David L. Shepard, with F^'irst Lieutenant 
Moses A. Richardson and .Second Lieuten- 
ant Charles A. Hart. (All three passed to 
the camp above). * 

The company reached Faneuil Hall Ije- 
fore noonda}-, and Caj^tain Shepard 
reported to Colonel Abner Packard, com- 
mander of the Regiment. 

The Regiment was soon read}- to march 
forth to meet the enemy, but for want of 
transportation was detained imtil the next 
day, April 17, wdien at three o'clock in the 
afternoon the Regiment had the honor of 
being the first to begin its march south. 
Although the rain came down in torrents 
it did not dampen the desire to march, 
neither di<l it prevent citizens to gather in 
great numbers to bid the Regiment God- 
speed . 

Marching to the State House, we received 
our standarfls — nation and state flags, from 
Governor John A. Andrew (God bless him 
and may his memory- l)e honored to the 
end of time!). His parting words will 
never be forgotten, in part he said: — 
"Soldiers of the old Baj- State, sons of 
sires who never disgraced their flag in 
civil life or on the tented field, I thank 
you from the bottom of nn- heart for this 
noble response to the call of your state and 
country. Yovi cannot wait for words. I 
bid you God-speed and an affectionate 
farewell." Colonel Packard responded in 
a most lo\-al manner, and the Regiment 
then marched down Park street and to the 
depot of the (other) Old Colony railroad, 
where a train was boarded and soon speed- 
ing away to Fall River, then embarked on 
the steamer, "State of Maine," and 
arrived in New York City the next after- 
noon, September 18. 

Being delayed by adjusting ballast and 
taking on coal, departure was not made 


Minute Men of '61 

until four o'clock uext morning-, April 17, 
when we sailed for Fortress Monroe, Va. 
(The (jibraltar of America). The passage 
from New York to Fortress Monroe was 
full of interest to all. As the steamer 
sailed out of the harbor, the steamer, 
"Baltic" was uext coming in, bearing on 
her deck the noble garrison which had 
defended Fort Sumter to the last, and 
from her mast-head floated proudly the 
flag of Sumter which had been carried in 
honor. To describe the enthusiasm of the 
people on land and water as the " Baltic " 
passed up the harbor, -is not within the 
mind power of man. It seems as though 
I could still hear the booming of cannon, 
the screech of steam whistles, ringing of 
bells and the cheers of the great mass of 
people, mad with loyal enthusiasm. 

About midnight, as the steamer neared 
Cape Henrx', a mysterious looking steamer 
was sighted and it appeared to follow us 
for some purpose. In order to be ready 
in case the steamer shovild come near to 
give lis trouble, one hundred volunteers 
were called for to be ready to act as 
" boarders," but much to our relief, the 
steamer soon went out of sight. At break 
of da}-, April 20, we were in sight of 
Fortress Monroe; we were anxious to learn 
who held the fort, but soon was heard the 
boom of the morning gun and up went 
" Old Glory " to the mast-head, telling us 
louder than words that the fort was safe, 
and to come in. Full steam was now put 
on and the good old .steamer, "State of 
Maine," made quick time to the pier. 
Major Whittman was the first to land. 
Meeting the Officer of the Da j-, who had 
awaited our arrival, he said to him, " who 
has possession of this fort, regulars or the 
rebels?" the reply came, "United States 
Regulars." Then Major Whittman said, 
" the I''ourth Regiment Massachusetts 
IMilitia has come to help you hold it." 
vSoon the Regiment marched ashore and 
into the F'ortess. 

The small number of regulars which the 
traitor, Fknd, Secretary of War, had left 
to guard this most important port, were 
overjoyed on our arrival; for several 
nights they had all slept under the cannon 
on the fort, ready to meet any attempt to 

capture. On the day before the arrival of 
the Fourth Regiment, Governor Wise of 
Virginia had made an attempt to enter the 
Fortress. At the sally port he was halted 
by the faithful guard who informed him 
that no one could enter, but the Governor 
demanded admittance, and the guard 
called Sergeant of the Guard Port No. 1. 
The Sergeant informed the Governor as 
did the guard, that none could enter. 
Governor Wise said, ' ' I am ( rovernor of 
Virginia and I have a right to enter." 
The Sergeant replied in a most polite 
manner, "I don't care if you are God 
Almighty, you can't come in here!" and 
that ended it. 

The Regiment had now assumed care of, 
if not the most important part ^-et assigned 
to any regiment that had responded to the 
first call to arms, for the importance of 
holding Fortress Monroe could not be 

April 22, the Regiment was mustered 
into the United States service. 

April 23, Major General Benjamin F. 
Butler arrived and assumed command of 
the Department of Virginia. 

April 27, the Fourth Massachusetts, 
Seventh New York, German, and First 
Vermont Regiments, all under the com- 
mand of Colonel Phelps of F^irst Vermont, 
took possession of Newport News, and 
made an entrenched camp. 

Colonel Phelps was a fine officer, who 
had seen much service in the regular 
arm\-. I shall ever remember an incident 
in connection with the Colonel, and with 
my duties as Adjutant's clerk. One morn- 
ing after I had handed him the Adjutant's 
report of the Fourth Regiment, and was 
about to leave his tent, he .stopped me, and 
asked me if I was ever in the regular 
army. I said no, and asked him wh}' he 
thought so. "I thought so for the reason 
that you are the only one that makes a 
correct report," replied the Colonel. I 
thanked him for the compliment and 
informed him that while the Regiment 
was at F'ortress Monroe I had been in- 
structed by Corporal Peoples, clerk of Post 
Adjutant. "Well," said the Colonel, "I 
thought }-oii must have been with the reg- 
ulars." I had reason, not onlv for mv- 

Minute Men of '61 


self, to be proud of the compliment, but 
also that ni}' Regiment should stand O. K. 
with our commanding officer. 

I trust that Adjutant Walker (now Colo- 
nel ) will not think that Jais school -bo3^ 
clerk claims all honor). The lessons I 
learned while clerk in the Fourth Regi- 
ment with Adjutant Walker were of much 
value later in the war, when I became a 
Sergeant Major and Adjutant of the 
Twenty-Third INIassachusetts Vohmteers. 

While the Regiment was stationed at 
Newport News, five companies, under the 
command of Major Whitman, took part in 
the battle of Big Bethel, Va., June 10, 
1861; the movement was an unfortunate 
one, from beginning to end. "It might 
have had, and ought to have had, and 
would have had a very different result." 

July 3, the Regiment marched to and 
occupied the village of Hampton, Va. But 
few families remained. Headquarters of 
the Regiment located in a fine house on 
Main street. The family had left all their 
furniture, in fact the dinner table all ready 
for a meal. The Sergeant-^Major and clerk 
had a room by themselves, which was also 
the headquarters office. 

In the chambers above were many books 
I founda Latin Ca?sar, which I confiscated. 
The book was printed in London, Eng., in 
1763; it had belonged, as a plate on the 
cover showed, to Robert Shield, and had 
then come down through several genera- 
tions of the family. During the winter of 
1903, by advice of a friend, I decided to 
return the old familv relic to the rightful 
owner, b}- inherinance, if to be found, 
believing it would be greath- prized. The 
post master was asked by letter if any 
member of the Shield or Cormu families 
(both names in book) still lived in Hamp- 
ton, \'a.. and in four days word was 
received from Mr. F. W. Shield, a great- 
grandson of the original owner, and to 
him I gladly returned the old Ca?sar which 
I had carefully guarded for over forty -two 

July 11 the Regiment marched to Fort- 
ress Monroe and on July 15, embarked on 
the steamer, " S. R. Spaulding, ' ' for 
Massachusetts. Jul}' 22, mustered out at 
Long Island, Boston Harbor, after faithful 
and lo^'al service of three months. 

James Louis Sherman. 
Private Company- F, 
Fourth Massachusetts State INIilitia. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company A, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of ^61 


*Coloiirl, Abxkr B. Packard, Ouincv. 

*Lieiifc!ia)if Colonel, Hawkes Fearing, Jr., Ilin^liam. 

Major, Horace O. Whittemore, Boston. 

Siiigeoii, Henry ]\I. vSavvieee, Ouincy. 

Ouaiicr Master, Wieeiam W. Carruth, Boston. 

Assistant Siirj^eoii, W'ileiam L. Faxon, Ouincy. 

* Adjutant , Hknrv Walker, Ouincy. 

Sergeant Major, Aevin E. Haee, Foxboro. 

Quarter Master Sergeant, George W. Barnks. Plymouth. 

Drum Major, George W. Pope, Quincy. 

Roster Company A, Massachusetts 
Regiment Minute Men of '61. 

(rnion Ei.uiit (Tiiards). 
Organized in 1853. Received notice at 
nine o'clock in the evening of .\pril 15, 
1861, to muster on Boston common, and at 
4. .SO p.m. April 16, reported themselves 
ready for duty. April 17, left by steam- 
boat for Fortress Monroe. 

Captain, Ira Drake, Stoughton. 

1st. I.ieut., Henry U. Morse, Canton. 

2ud. Lieut., John McK.a.v, Jr., Canton. 

1st. Sergt., Horace D. Seavey, Canton. 
Sergeant, MosES Griggs, Jr., Canton. 
Sergeant. Martin F. D.wes, Canton. 
Sergeant, Albert A. Nichols, Dedham. 

Corporal, Donald McGilvary, Canton. 
Corporal, Henry Taylor, Canton. 
Coiporal, George E. Jackson, Canton. 
Corporal, Elish.a HorTon, Jr., Canton. 

Atkinson John F Stoughton 

Ayer, John W Dedham 

Barrows, John I^ Sharon 

Bibbins, T^evi J Canton 

P.ird , Jedidiah M Stoughton 

Blackburn, Robi-rt Jr Canton 

Bootman L harles E 

Hoyden , Setli Sharon 

Brooks, John C Canton 

Bullard, Albert Sharon 

Bullard, John Canton 

Chanipney, Edward 

Clark, James W Sharon 

Cobbett, William E Canton 

Cunningham, Jerome 

Denihan, John 

Drake, Horace F Sharon 

Drake, John M 

Dunakin, (. harles A 

Dunakin, Edwin A 

Dunakin, vStillman H 

Duley , Eewis H 

Farnsworth, Charles P vStoughton 

Freeman, Henry A Canton 

Fuller, Theodore F 

Godfrey, John W Sharon 

Greenleaf, Eleazer vS 

(rrimes, Martin V. B Ashlmrnham 

Hardy, Norman vSharon 

Harradon, James T Sharon 

Hewitt, Ellis B Easton 

Hill, Andrew E Canton 

Hill, Charles 

Holbrook, PVederic G Sharon 

Howe, George W Canton 

Howe , John 

Hunt, William A 

Jenkins, Joseph 

Johnson, Obed P Sharon 

Johnson Reuben F 

Johnson, Warren 

Minute Men of '61 


Kehr, George W Canton 

Leonard, Friend Z 

Lewis, DeForrest 

Mabbott, George 

Mahonej' Daniel Sharon 

Marden, William H Canton 

McKendry, Wallace Canton 

Mel 1 en, Edward Stoughton 

Morse, Klijali A Sharon 

Morse, vStilhnan H 

Xutting, George P Ashl)urnhani 

Palmer, Charles R Canton 

Parker, George W Sharon 

Parks, John 

Peach , Henr\' 

Preble, Origin O Canton 

Richards, George W Sharon 

Richardson, Amandus E Stoughton 

Roberts, William R Easton 

vShankland, James M Canton 

vSlattery, Patrick 

Smith, Alexander D 

Smith, Ansel A vSharon 

Smith, Fredeiick A Easton 

Spooner, Prince P Stoughton 

Taylor, Charles 

White, Davis L Sharon 

White, Hiram Easton 

Whitney, Joseph H Ashlnirnham 


Minute Men of '61 

Company B, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Eastern I.isilit Infatry) 

Organized in 1S52. The coinnisnding 
officer received notice on the morning of 
April 16, 1861, at five o'clock, to appear 
in Boston forthwith, with his company. 
Thirty-four members reported at Boston at 
3.30 p.m., on the same day. 

CapL, MiLO INI. \\'ii,ij.\MS, ]\i., F.a.ston. 
First Lieut., IvINTon Waldron, Easton. 
2d. Lieut., Wii<li.a.mE. Bump, Jr., Easton. 

1st. Sergeant, John A. T^vnch, Easton. 
Sergt., RuFUS H. Willis, Easton. 
Sergt., Robert Clifford, Easton. 
Sergt., Alfred B. Richmond, Easton. 

Corporal, John W. Gerrv, Easton. 
Corporal, George Richards, Easton. 
Corporal, J.\mp:s N. Mackay, Ea.ston. 
Corporal. Albert Tilden, Easton. 
Musician, William H. Willis, Easton. 

Baker, Charles Ea.ston 

Blaisdell , Daniel B 

Blaisdell, Oliver II Easton 

Crockett, William 

Davis, George H 

Dollard, Robert 

Duffy, John 

Fisher, David 

( xallagan , Bernard 

Hanson, Charles Andover 

Harlow, Reuben Easton 

Keenan , William 

Maguire, Charles 

Motherwell, John 

Morley , James T 

Mulhern, David 

Myers, James S Stoughton 

Pattee, Henrj' Foxboro 

Randall, Jacob J Easton 

Records, Seth Stoughton 

Sheehan, Michael Easton 

Stor)', William F 

Thayer, Hiram 

Warren, George M vStoughton 

Watts, Robert Easton 

Minute Men of '61 


Company C, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of ^61 

(Bniintree Light Infantry) 

Organized in 1853. The company re- 
ceived notice April 15, 1861, at seven 
o'clock in the evening and were ready to 
start for Boston at eight o'clock the next 
morning, and left dtiring the forenoon. 

Capt., Cephas C. Bumpus, So. Braintree. 
1st. Lieut., James T. Stevens, 

So. Braintree. 
2d. Lieut., Isaac P. Fuller, So. Braintree. 

1st. Sergi., William I\I. Richards, 

So. Braintree. 
Sergt., Joseph L. Frasier, vSo. Braintree. 
Sergt., Andrew G. King, So. Braintree. 
Sergt., Fdgar ly. Bumpus, So. Braintree. 
Corp., Samuel M. Hollls, So. Braintree. 
Corp., Reuben F. Hollis, So. Braintree. 
Corp., John T. Ayers, So. Braintree. 
Corp., John C. Sanborn, So. Braintree. 
J/usieiau, Eugene A. Bent, Bellingham. 
JL/sifiau. Ferdinand A. Bent, 


Arnold, Charles A So. Braintree 

Arnold, Marcns P 

Bestick, James T 

Boyle, John F 

Bnmpns, Everett C 

Cahill, Thomas So. Wej-mouth 

Carmichael, John R So. Braintree 

Corbin , Frank Weymouth 

Coughlin, John So. Braintree 

Cox, Chandler 

Cox, Nelson 

Cram, Marctts F 

Crowell, Thomas J 

Cunningham, William 

Daggett, William A 

David, Solon So. Braintree 

Dean, Henry W 

Donahue, James 

Donahue, Peter 

Dyer, Lawrence A 

Field, Alphetis 

Finnegan, John 

Foster, Roland E 

Foster, William B 

Freeman, Nathaniel T 

Gammon, Henry W 

GifFord , Charles 

Harding, Ellsworth M Weymouth 

Holbrook, Joseph E So. Braintree 

Hollis, Adoniram B Weymouth 

Hollis, L,eroy S 

Howard, George F So. Braintree 

Houston, Thomas 

Jones, Leonard F 

Leonard , James B 

Leggett, William 

Loud, Thomas B vSo. Weymouth 

Martin, Thomas J So. Braintree 

Melius, Edward H 

McConity, Francis 

McGann , William H 

Nason , Albert S 

Perkins, Marcus A 

Shedd, Henry H 

Steele, Norman F 

vStoddard, Thomas B 

Thayer, Elihu M 

Thayer, Joseph P 

Thayer, Loring W 

Thomas, Albert Weymouth 

Toomey, Andrew Braintree 

Whitcomb, John M Weymouth 

Wright, Henrv H Braintree 


MiNUTK Men of '61 

Company D, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Randolph L,i;-rht Infantry) 

Organized in November, 1855. April 15, 
1861, at nine p.m. orders were sent to the 
Compan\- to report in Boston at nine 
o'clock the next morning. Abont nine 
o'clock on the morning of April 16, they 
were escorted to the depot by a band of 
music and on arriving in Boston, marched 
to Faneuil Hall, and officers were elected. 
Was one of the first companies to arrive in 
Boston on the 16th. 

Captain, Hoji.\CE Nii.ES, Randolph. 
First Lieut., ()Ti.s S. Wii^bur, Randolph. 
2d Lit'itt., Hiram F. Waives, Randolph. 

1st Script., George M. Covering, 

Scrot., Wii.i.iAM H. Woodman, Ramlolph. 
Scriiraiit, Rov.a.l W. Th.wer, Randolph. 
Strora)it, Otis Crooker, Randolph. 
Corp., Myron W. Hotu.s, Randolph. 
Corp., Wendall W. Winnp;tt, Randolph. 
Corp., William Palmer, Randolph. 
Corp., Hiram Snow, Randolph. 
j\fnsiciai/, IvEONARD Th.wer, Randolph. 

Alden, William H Randolph 

Beal, Ira, Jr 

Blencowe, William W 

Buck, Nathan E 

Burrell , George A 

Compass, Theodore 

Cartwright, John T 

Cousins, Daniel 

Cottle, Edmund 

Cox, Henry M 

Crooker, Allen J 

Curtis, John W' 

Curtis, Willi m M 

Dargan, Joseph W 

Dawes, Charles 1' 

Dawes, James IJ 

Downc\-, John 

Ekinstein, Eibert 

Faunce. Hannilml A Randolph 

F'letcher , Jerome 

Fletcher, vSamuel 

Foster, Sanniel A 

Gill, John H 

Godwin , George H 

Harris, Seth M 

Hayden, Zenas M 

Heath , John W 

Hodge , Samuel R 

Howard , Kdward 

Howard, Edgar 

Howard , George 

Howard, Martin , V. B 

Howland, Charles 

Huzzey, Willard A 

Ingalls, Benjamin 

Joy, Henry 

Jones, L/Conard 

King, Royal T 

King, Seth T 

Knight, George E 

Knight, Nelson E 

L/a Forrest, Frederick 

Eovering, Isaac J 

Mann , John A 

IVIorton, H 

Morton , Isaac 

O'Brien, John, Jr 

Otis, W'illiam W 

Poole, J. Franklin 

Remick, Prescott 

Sloan, Peter S 

Thayer, Charles P 

Thayer, Henr^- C 

Thayer, Henry M 

Thayer, Henry W 

Thayer, Isaac Jr 

Thayer, Eevi F 

Thayer, Philander, W 

Tileston, George H 

Tillson, William 

Tuttle , George E 

Turner, John P 

Upham, Ivy man 

Wales, Elisha Iv 

White, George B 

White, W^illiam Iv 

Wortman. Frank M 

Young, Isaac E 

Minute Men of '61 


Compan}' E, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(South Abiiiijton I^ight Infantry) 

Organized in 1787. At eight o'clock on 
the evening of April 15, 1861, orders were 
received to report in Boston the next 
morning. At seven o'clock the next 
morning the combany was read}- to march, 
and took cars for Boston and qnartered at 
Faneuil Hall, leaving next day for Fortress 

Capt., Ch.\rles F. AixEN, Abington. 

1st. Lieut., Lewis Souee, Abington. 

Jd. /./V/.'/., John W. MiTCHELE, Abington. 

1st. ScTO't., Benj. F. C.\swele, Abington. 
Scrot.. Nath.\niee O. Holbrook, 

Script., Henry HumbeE, Abington. 
Script., Benj. F. Peter.son, Abington. 
Corp., JosHU.\ T. Bryant, Abington. 
Corp., Timothy Reed, Abington. 
Corp., William H. M.\ine, Abington. 
Corp., Morton E. Hardinc, Abington. 

Aljbott, Lnther C Weymouth 

Barrett, Benjamin K Abington 

Barber, John A 

Bates, James E 

Bickford, John E 

Caton, Joseph W 

Cook, Joshua, 2d 

Cook, Thomas H 

Corwin, William 

Curtis, Elbridge E. Bridgewater 

Dunham, Andrew J Abington 

Dunbar, Henry F 

Edson, George A E. Bridgewater 

Fuller, Thomas So. Abington 

Gurney, Alva A So. Abington 

Gurney, Seth P 

Hall, Ichabod G 

Harden , George M 

Hathaway, William B E. Bridgewater 

Hobart , Thomas Abington 

Howard , Elijah 

Howe, Charles W 

Howland, Caleb 

Josselyn, James E 

Knowles, \\'illiam W 

Leach, John A 

Lincoln, Willard B 

Loveradge, Isaac 

Packard , Hiraln F 

Penney, Leonard F 

Perry, John H Hanson 

Phinney, Barnard F Abington 

Pierce, James H E. Bridgewater 

Ramsdell, Nathaniel F Abington 

Ramsdell, Philemon W 

Reed, Henry H 

*Reed , Samuel W 

Rowe, Zaccheus 

Rundle, Joseph T 

Steingardt, Joseph .\ 

Stetson, Andrew J 

Stewart, Nathan M 

Taylor, Thomas Middleboro 

Tillson, Mercer V E. Bridgewater 

Tuttle, Ebenezer G Abington 

Washburn, Jerome 

Witherell , James H 

Witherell, Ebenezer .A 

Witherell, Otis F 



Minute Men of '61 

Compaii}^ F, Fourth MavSsachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Warren I^ight Guards) 

Ori^anized January 22, 1776. On Mon- 
day evening-, April 15, 1861, the Captain 
received orders to report himself and 
command at Boston fortlnvith, and the 
next day at eleven o'clock they left Fox- 
boro for Boston. The\ were stationed at 
Fortress Munroe and Newport News. 

Cafif., David Iv. Shepard, Foxboro. 
l.sV. Lieut., Moses A. Richardson, 

2d. LiciiL, Carlos A. Hart, F'oxboro. 
Ist. Scrgt., Simeon G. Blandin, Taunton. 
Seigf., William H. Torrey, Foxboro. 
Serg., John F. Shepard, Foxljoro. 
Sngt., John M. Welch, Foxboro. 
Se/g/., Edward E. Bird, Foxboro. 
Corp., Alexander Cameron, F'^oxboro. 
Corp., Samuel D. Robinson, Foxboro. 
Corp., Lewis L. Bullard, F'oxboro. 
Corp., Frank O. Pierce, Foxboro. 

Allen, Ivucius W Medfield 

Bacon, Charles D F'oxboro 

Bemis, James S 

Bonney, Isaac H 

Bryant, Samuel N 

Buck , Hiram F 

Carpenter, Charles F Attleboro 

Carpenter, James Foxboro 

Chamberlain, Gabriel P 

Chisholm, Ivemuel Cambridge 

Claffin, George H Foxboro 

I'ales, Henry A 

F'ales, William H 

Fillebrovvn, George M 

F'orrest, Albert E 

FVecman, Ivlvvard M 

F'uller, Alonzo W 

( joodwin, Edward A Mansfield 

Gotlewib, Joseph Foxboro 

(xoulding, Lewis Medfield 

Greenleaf , Perry 

Green, Moses L F'oxboro 

Grover , Ephraim ( ) Foxboro 

Grover, Pascal C 

Harris, Robert E Manifield 

Harris, Rufus Randolph 

Harris, William H Mansfield 

Hartshorn. David T Foxboro 

Hartshorn, Sidney vS Walpole 

Hennesey, Daniel Boston 

Howard, Caleb Medfield 

Jewett, Edwin P Foxboro 

Joplin, Joseph H 

King, Andrew D Mansfield 

Lincoln, Henry C Cambridgeport 

Lyons, William H F'oxboro 

Matthews, Ransom 

McDonald, Alexander W^alpole 

Morrison, Seth Melrose 

Morse, W^illiam A F'oxboro 

Morton, James H Buxton, Me 

Pendergrass, Morris Mansfield 

Pettee, William H Wrentham 

Pierce, William H F'oxboro 

Pond, Charles H 

Pond, William F' Pawtucket, R. I. 

Rice, Henry T Wrentham 

Richardson, Nicholas H. F' Walpole 

Schraidt, William Boston 

Shaw, Alonzo M Mansfield 

Sherman, James L Foxboro 

Strang, John A Medfield 

Sweet, William H F'oxboro 

Thompson, Charles A 

Turner, Willard W 

Washburn, ( reorge M F'al mouth 

Webber, John Boston 

Welch, John M F'oxboro 

Wheeler, Howartl (J 

White, James Foxboro 

White, Nelson vS 

White, Rufus S 

Whiting, Lewis R Wrentham 

Winn, Liscomb C Foxboro 

Wyer, James H 

Minute Men of '61 


Company G, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

('rauiU<jii I.itrht Guards.) 

Organized in 1855. At 2.30 p.m. on the 
morning of April 16, 1861, this Company 
received orders to appear in Bo.ston. At 
eleven o'clock the .same morning, they 
were at the depot with forty-nine guns and 
a fnll compliment of officers, and left for 
that city. 

Captain, Timothy Gordox, Taunton. 
1st. Liettteuant, Zaccheu.s Sherm.\x, 

Taunton . 
2nd. Lieut., Frederick A. Harrington, 


7.^/. Sergt., M.A.SON W. Burt, Taunton. 
Sergt., Charee.s H. Paul, Taunton. 
Sergt. William H. Bartlett, Taunton. 
Sergt., George A. Washburn, Taunton. 
Corp., ISSAC D. Paul, Taunton. 
Corp., Edward J. Vose, Taunton. 
Corp., J.\MES Brown, Taunton. 
Corp., WiLLARD D. Tripp, Taunton, 
Musician, William M. Lord, Taunton. 

Austin, Lloyd W Taunton 

Barnes, George W Plymouth 

Black, William R Taunton 

Briggs, John C 

Briggs, William J 

Buck, John H 

Church , John H 

Clapp, John W Worcester 

Clark, Isaac vS Middleboro 

Coleman, John R Taunton 

Cushman, James, INI 

Dean, Gustavus T 

Dunbar, Perez S 

Eayers, Edward 

Fisher, Allen A 

Galligan , Henr}- 

Gent, William C 

(Tilmore, Horace S Taunton 

Goddard, Elijah I) Norton 

Hale, Enos P Taunton 

Hatch, William D 

Hathaway, Marshall I) 

Holt, Adoniram J 

Horton , Henrj- W 

Hunt, Edward 

Husband, Thomas H 

Jones, Charles H ' 

Jones, Daniel S 

Knight, Seril 

Leonard, George A 

]\Ierigold , John L 

McNeil, Peter 

Monroe, William H. H 

Naylor, Abraham 

O'Neil, Joseph 

Orr, Wilson Bridgewater 

Pizer, John B Taunton 

Plant, Robert J 

Reed, Asa K 

Richardson, Cyrus B Woburn 

Richardson, Freileric Taunton 

Rock, John 

Sanford, Squire 

Simmons, Benjamin F 

Smith, William W 

Thomas, Charles S 

Thayer, Edgar S -■ 

Vail , Thomas C 

Valentine, Michael W 

Walker, Joseph 2d 

Washljurn, Frederic A 

Weston, John C Foxcroft, Me 

Whiteley, Thomas Taunton 

Wilbur, Simeon T 

Wood, Daniel F Middleboro 

Wood, David Taunton 


Minute Men oE '61 

Company H, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of 61 

(Hancock I^ijiht (Uiards) 

Organi/.t.'(l in 1.S55. The order on Mon- 
day, April 15, 1.S61, to appear in Boston to 
join their Regiment and to proceed at 
once to the seat of war was cheerfully met, 
and a deep interest was awakened in the 
town . 

Captain, rkAXKi^ix Curtis, Ouincy. 
1st. Lieut., Edward A. Spear, Ouincy. 
2d. Lieut., Benjamin F. Mb;servev, 


1st. Sergt., Charles F. Pray, Ouincy. 
Sergt,, Matthew M. C. Ceiubbuck, 

Sergt., John \Viuua:\is, Ouincy. 
Sergt., Robert Monk, Ouincy. 
Corp., Wileiam H. H. lyAPHA.Ai, Ouincy. 
Corp., Thomas S-aiith, Ouincy. 
Corp., \V^JJA^r S. Wiebur, Ouincy. 
Corp., Morton Packard, Ouincy. 
J/iisiciau, Ai,b].;rt Keating, Ouincy. 

Barker, Henry F Ouincy 

Bass, Benjamin F 

Baxter, William H 

Bent, Edward F 

Bent, Ivuther S 

Brainard, James A Weymoiith 

Brown, Edwin Ouincy 

Brockett, Caleb 

Burrell, David, Jr 

Chublnick, David T 

Chubbuck, Perez, Jr 

Cleverly, ( '.eorge F 

Colljurn, Demuel A 

Crickmay, Charles H Braintree 

Cunningham, James H Ouincy 

Cummings, Noah I 

Damon, Ivdward, Jr 

Dowd, James J 

Enderlee, Joseph S 

Ewell, Eendell 11 

Feltis, William II 

Fisher, Richard H Ouincy 

French, Daniel F 

P\irnald, Alonzo 

Oannett, Charles E Weymouth 

Gibson, George W^ Ouincy 

Glover, Nathaniel E 

Hayden, George E 

Hunt, Charles N 

Jameson, Charles H 

Joseph, Freeman 

Josselyn, Robert 

Jojce, Edwin E 

Kiml)all, Howard M 

Eamson, John H 

Lapham, Frederic A.. Jr 

Eaphani, Joseph A 

Earkin, John 

Marden, Frank M 

Marque, Peter P 

Newcomb, Peter 

Nightingale, Alonzo A 

Nightingale, vSamuel A 

Nightingale, Wyman B 

Nutting, Charles A 

Nutting, Edward W. K 

I'arker, John Jr 

Perkins, Edward E 

Pierce, Charles E 

Philips, Eiigene C Boston 

Pope, Alexander P Ouincy 

Pope, George W 

Pope, William Ct 

Prior, Hiram B 

Reynolds, William W. . . . 

Riley. Charles D 

Rideout, Euke A 

Robinson, William W Weymouth 

Shaw, H. Ivnierson Ouincy 

vSheen, William G 

Spear, Christopher A 

Spear, Warren O 

Souther, Horace O 

Souther, Francis L 

Totman, Freeman M 

Turner, Henrv C 

Turner, John B 

Wildman, Henry G 

Minute Men of '61 


Company I, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(l^incoln I,itjht Infantry) 

On April 15, 1861, at eight p.m. orders 
were received b\- the Captain to report his 
company in Boston the next day, but for 
some reason the memljers were not notified 
until the afternoon of the sixteenth in 
three hours from which time the}- were 
assembled and ready for duty. There 
being no means of transportation to Boston 
at that hour, their departure was delayed 
until the next day. 

Captain, Thither Stephenson, Jr., 


1st Lieut., Chari^eS SpraCxUE, Hingham. 

2d Lieutenant, Nathaniel French, Jr., 


1st Sergeant, Josal'a Morse, Hingham. 
Sergeant, Peter N. Sprague, Weymouth. 
Sergeant, IvYMAN B. Whiton, Hingham. 
Sergeant, Henry Stephenson, Hingham. 
Corporal, Henry S. Ewer, Hingham. 
Corporal, George W. Bibby, Hingham. 
Corporal, George R. Reed, Hingham. 
Corporal, WilwamS. Whiton, Hingham. 
J/usician, Samuel Bronson, Hingham. 

Adams, George INI Hingnam 

Bassett, Charles H 

Berry, Joseph N Weymouth 

Binney, Henry F Hingham 

Bryant , James B 

Burr, John W 

Carver, Thomas A 

Clark, Andrew J 

Cobb, Silas H 

Cocoran, Jeremiah J 

Corbett, Charles 

Creswell , John 

Cushing, Jacob G 

Damon, Charier H Hanover 

Dow, Isaac M Hingham 

Dow, L/evi H 

Dunbar, George 

Dwelley , George C 

Dwelley, Hosea Hanover 

Easton , F'ergus, A Hingham 

Pvldridge, John W 

Everson, Francis N Weymouth 

Fearing, George W Hingham 

French, Henr\- C 

Gardner, Charles .\ , . .So. Scituate 

Gardner, John D 

Gardner, Henry C 

Grover , George A Hingham 

Graves, Herbert So. Scituate 

Haskell, James ]M Hingham 

Harlow, William B Hanson 

Haynes, Albert S Hingham 

Hersey, Edwin 

Humphrey, George F) 

Jacobs, John O 

Jacobs, William H 

Jacobs, P:;iisha A , . . So. Scituate 

Jones, William H. Jr Hingham 

Jones, Benjamin h 

Kennerson , Levi 

Lane, Josiah ^I 

Lane, Parker H Weymouth 

Lincoln, Daniel W 

Lincoln, Daniel S Hingham 

Lincoln, Alfred A 

Marston , William H 

Miller, George 

Nelson , William T 

Uurisli , Jacob 

Pierce, Albert L 

Prouty, Elijah Weymouth 

Prouty, John H So. Scituate 

Prout\-, William , Jr 

Raymond, Henry T Weymouth 

Roberts, Ebene/.er F Hingham 

Souther, Benjamin vS 

Souther, John S 

Stockwell , William J 

Stodder , Alfred W :Marshfield 

Stodder, Demerick Hingham 

vStoddard, Charles H. F 

Sturtevant, James S 

Taylor. William 

Thomas Alpheus So. Scituate 

Tower, Alvin Hingham 

Waters, Isaac G 

Wolfe, George A 


Minute Men of '61 

Compaii}^ K, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Afterwards Company K, Twenty-ninth Regrinient) 

Company K arrived at Fortress Monroe 
in May and temporarily attached to the 
Fourth Retjiment. 



Joseph H. Barnes, Boston, commissioned 
as Lieutenant-Colonel December 13, 

James H. Osgood, Jr., Boston, promoted 
from First Lieutenant Januarj- 4, 1S62. 

Wii.EiA.M T. Keen, Sandwich, promoted 
from ySecond Lieutenant January 4, 1.S62, 


John P. Burbeck, Taunton, commissioned 
January 4, 1862. 

non-commissione;d ( )Fficers. 

Pray, William, Boston, promoted to First 

Lieutenant Company (r, January 4. 
Braden, Henry vS., Boston, promoted Ser- 

geant-Major of the Regiment January 1. 
Cole, Francis J., Boston. 
Greenwood, James N., Boston. 


Hunting, Henry A., Cambridgeport, pro- 
moted to Sergeant. 

Warren, David, Jr., Boston, promoted to 

Keene, John 15., Boston, prcmioted to ser- 

Rumney, (ieorge R.. Boston. 


Blodgett, Ja.son L., discharged Boston 

Boston, Rdward, Jr 

Blackhall, Robert N 

Baker, T^Jriu"- • 

Bride, Thomas M Boston. 

Burke, John F. M 

Brownlow, James 

Barker, William R 

Crafts, John H 

Clark, Benjamin L 

Colb}', Amos, Boston, killed at Big 

Bethel, June 10, 1S61 

Chambers, William G 

Crichton, Henry F 

Chapman, J. L. discharged 

Curry, Edgar 

Dockerty, David 

Daggett, Charles A., promoted Corporal.. 

Dugan . Joseph 

Fisher, A. P 

Fiske, Alonzo B., promoted to Corporal.. 

Fisher, John E 

Godbold, F. A 

Henry, A. R., discharg 

Hill, Isaac S . 

Holms, James T 

Howe, William H 

Howes, Richard 

Hooper, Joseph I" 

Huntress, Nathaniel, Jr 

Hume, John R 

Hall, Freeman 

Kenny, Thomas W 

Loveland, Benjamin S., promoted 


Lane, Alnjah 

Litchfield, Gilbert T., promoted Corporal . . 

Leavitt, Charles H 

Leavitt, Augustus J 

Linnell, John A., promoted Corporal 

Lander, William P., promoted Corporal.. 

Laslie, Charles Chelsea 

Morris, Jesse, discharged Boston 

McAllister, William, discharged 

McF~arlane, William 

McKie, J. A. , discharged 

Mosher, Hiram A., promoted Corporal.. . . 
Newton, Sanmel F. G Marblehead 

Minute Men of '61 85 

Parsons, Frederic ( t Boston Wright , George 

Reniick, Meltiah F Boston Wood, George H Boston 

Ranks, Elisha Woodis, George P 

Ramsell, Charles Winslow, Charles H. , died at Camp 

Stewart, Henry I<: Butler, Va. , October 30, 1861 

Sanborn, William W 

Stafford, Joseph K., deserted joined after the REOiment eeft 


Tighe, John A Rwart, John I5oston 

Vinal, Kzra Jr Hibbert, John B 

Valpey, Benjamin F., discharged Manning, Joseph S 

Walker, Charles McKinnon, Alexander 


Minute Men of '61 

Company L, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Afterwards Company C. T\vent\-Niiith Rejriment) 

This company \vas recruited l->y Captain 
Leach, and started for Boston May 9, 1861 ; 
on their arrival new orders had been 
issued, that no more three month's men 
were wanted, that three years men were 
wanted. It was decided to go home and 
start anew. Next week all being in readi- 
ness they again left for Boston, and thence 
to Fortress Munroe by steamer "Cam- 
bridge. " 



Lebbet'S IvEACH, East Bridgewater. 


Nathan D. Whitman, East Bridgewater. 

Elish.a vS. Hoebrook, East Bridgewater, 

died at Fortress Munroe, August 20, '61. 
W'.M. B. Hathaway, Bridgewater, 

commissioned Sept. 11, 1861. 



Conant, Thomas F;ast Bridgewater 

Morse, George H West Bridgewater 

Kingman, F^'rancis M. . . .F^ast Bridgewater 
Hay ward, Joshua E 

Cummings, Alfred B., promoted sergeant 

East Bridgewater 

Wright, Levi F>ist Bridgewater 

Conant, John 

Tribou, Daniel W 

Whitman, Freeilman 

Jordan, Chas. li 

Fellows, Robert C 

Tolman, Elijah II 

Allen , ( jeorge W 


>Shaw, Ira C luast liridgewater 


Arnold, Thomas F^ast Bridgewater 

Bates, James A 

Bourne, Isaac N 

Brett, Algernon S 

Bates, Asa A 

Brown , Geo. D 

Blakeman, Daniel Pembroke 

Bates, Irving Bridgewater 

Chandler, INIarshall M Pembroke 

Clark, Thomas G . . .- Han.son 

Curtis, Minot S East Bridgewater 

Curtis, Elbridge R 

Drohan, Edward F'. . . .North Bridgewater 

Drinkwater, Isaac W Middleljoro 

Drake, Charles East Bridgewater 

Dyer, George R 

Ed son, Benj F 

Fxldy, Curtis W West Bridgewater 

F'isher , ( reorge W 

P'isher, Timothy W 

Folsom, Henry M 

Flagg, Charles W East Bridgewater 

Cxould, Henry K 

GTrosvenor, Silas N., promoted sergeant 

East Bridgewater 

Hudson, Caleb L., Jr. . . .East Bridgewater 

Hooper, Pre.ston 

Harding, James W 

Harding, Daniel W 

Hayden, Charles H West Bridgewater 

Hoyt, Damon East Bridgewater 

Holmes, John A \\'est Bridgewater 

Harlow, C. Francis East Bridgewater 

Holmes, Abner H., discharged 

North Bridgewater 

Holmes, Walter M., discharged 

North Bridgewater 

Howard, John vS 

Jaquith, liniery East Brid . ewater 

Johnson, James G 

Johnson, William H 

Keith, William Francis, discharged 

North Bridgewater 

Minute Men of '61 ' ,s7 

I/ainbert, John C liridgewater .Siddall, Ik-njaniin, discharged ; fins^er shot 

Ivincoln, David H Ivast Hridoewater off Rast Bridi'-ewater 

Ivincolii, Eugene A Smith, William P> East Bridgewater 

Iveonard, James H West Hridgewater Sharpe, Aloiizo 

Ivucas, Henry East Bridgewater Siddall, James Jr., discharged 

McMillan, Neil Sturtevant, John T Halifax 

Mansfield, Edward I' Hanson Stran, Hugh East Bridgewater 

Morse, William H East Bridgewater vSylvanus, Thomas Halifax 

Nason, John M Turner, Charles PI West Bridgewater 

Osborne, Henry A Thompson, Vernon M . . .East Bridgewater 

Osborne, William H Whitman , Asa \\' 

Osborne, Edward vS., discharged Whitman, Charles C 

East Bridgewater Washburne, James E 

Pratt, Ebenezer H White, Nehemiah 

Packard, Edmund T Wright, T. P 

Packard, Edward B., appointed musician Williams, E;dward West Bridgewater 

West Bridgewater White, James E 

Packard, Alpheus East Bridgewater ^Vhite, Herbert Or. 

Poole, Lawrence V 

Ripley, Horace A joined AFTER The regiment eeFT 

Ripley' William R. ['. ma.s.sachu.setts. 

Ramsdell, Joshua .S Cooper, James W East Bridgewater 

Rounds, William E Churchill, Rodney 

Sampson, John (t Gould, Crrenville H 

Smith, William W Williams, Cyrus Bridgewater 

Minute Men of '61 

Wig'htman Rifles, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Afterwards Conipaiiy A, Twenty-Ninth Regiment) 

Wightiiiaii Rifles arrived at Fortress 
Monroe in May, 1861, and were tempora- 
rily attached to the Fourth Regiment, but 
were left at the seat of war when the term 
of service of the three months' men ex- 



Thomas \V. Clarke, Boston. 


Joshua Norton, 3d, Boston, appointed 

John A. Saylb;s, Somerset, transferred 
from First Liatitenant, Company F", De- 
cember 13, 1861. 

second lieutenant. 

John E. White, Milton, Discharged. 

George H. Taylor, East Cambridge, 
Commissioned July 31, 1861. 

non-commissionf::) ()Fficf;rs 


Pray , W'm . \V Natick 

Davis, William W. discharged. . .'. .Boston 

De Costa, Albert H E. Stoughton 

Howard, Lysander A Springfield 

Smith , Soloman B Boston 

Alexander, Henry, discharged Boston 

Hammer, William T Roxbury 

Lowell, Charles T. discharged Boston 


Bacon , Thomas Boston 

Coots, William, discharged, E. Stoughton 
Thayer, Cliarles FL, discharged ... Milton 
Damrell, Horace, discharged Dedham 


McGovern, James, discharged Boston 

Butler, Hiram, discharged. ..E. Stoughton 


Drake, Joseph N., (discharged) So. Boston 


Alger, Myron E. , (discharged) 

W. Bridgewater 

Ahern, Cornelius, discharged Boston 

Bassett, Charles So. Boston 

Brent, James E. Boston 

Bly , Daniel Lawrence 

Blake, vSylvester F Holland, Vt 

Blossom, Edward C, discharged, Hingham 
Brooks, Thomas, promoted Corporal. . 


Blackstone, Henry, discharged, Camljridge 

Bassett, 0.scar H . Milford 

Bari, Alexander T discharged 


Butler, Alljert Stoughton 

Brady, Michael A Worcester 

Bassett, Alexander, discharged, So. Boston 

Crowley, Jere J. , discharged, 

Coullahan , Malachi Roxbury 

Crosby, Joseph D So. Natick 

Chickey, Lawrence T Boston 

Cashman, Thomas W^ So. Boston 

Chase, Henry G., promoted Corporal, 

Biddeford, Me 

Car. son, Henry Natick 

Cole, Hiram W Boston 

Ctmningham, John Boston 

Dwinnell, Charles H Roxbury 

Donovan, Timoth\- D., promoted Captain 


Daily, Daniel A Boston 

De Co.sta, Barton H discharged 

E. Stotighton 

Edmonds, Michael Roxbury 

Minute Men of '61 89 

Fitzpatrick, Matthew T., killed at battle of McCarty, John W., accidentally shot in 

Big Bethel Boston camp, June 6th Boston 

Foley, Thomas Boston Morse, John W K. Stou^hton 

Frost, Albert E Mahoney, Jeremiah, promoted Corporal 

Gaj'lord, Levi B Fall River 

Gunnison, Edwin L Milton McCarty John Nova Scotia 

Golden, James, discharged Quincy O'Donnell, Edward Boston 

McGlinchey, James Cambridge O'Donnell, Edward B 

Henry, William, promoted Corporal. Ow^ens, Daniel East Boston 

Newton Ivower Falls O'Connor, Dennis, discharged 

Hobart, William M Randolph Pitcher, Henry P. , discharged .... Roxbury 

Hodge, Charles D. di.scharged Pond, Chandler H. , appointed Mu.sician 

Hardy, John, appointed hospital steward Milfoni 

Boston Pickard, E. Lewis Somerville 

Hobart, Frank M S. Randolph Perry, Isaac H Bo.ston 

Hawes, Thomas Boston Rico, Byron, di.scharged Milford 

Holbrook, Joseph E Ross, Charles Boston 

Homan, Conrad Roxbury Richardson, Sanford H. discharged 

Hai ne}', Richard Bo.ston vScully , David I' 

Hollihan, John Scully, John, appointed Wagoner. . Lowell 

Johnston, Holden Shaw, Charles H. discharged 

Joslyn , Alanson K East Stoughton 

Joslvn, Henrv C Simpson, George F. , di.scharged . . Medway 

Kelly, Edward Roxbury Sullivan, John, di.scharged, Boston 

Lyman, James Bo.ston Sweeney, John M Braintree 

Leeds, Joseph Shaw, Frederic C. , South Boston 

Locke, Charles P., discharged, Dorche.ster Towne, George G Bo.ston 

Mullen , Martin C So. Boston Thomas, George 

Morin, Albert W Sandwich, Can. Vaughan, Charles F 

McAlvery, Joseph So. Boston Wise, George H Natick 

Maldoon, Patrick Boston York, Levi S. , di.scharged Lowell 


Minute Men of '61 

Captain George a. Washburn. 

Minute Men of '61 
Company G. Fourth Massachusetts. 

Oeorge Albert Washburn was born at 
Swansea, Mass., February 5, 1836. Made 
Sergeant Company G, Fourth Regiment, 
M.V.M. Mustered in April 22, 1861. In 
liattle of Big Bethel. Mustered out July 
22, 1861 . On October 1 , 1861 , First Ueuten- 
ant. Company C, Twenty-Second Massa- 

chusetts Infantry; July 10, 1862, Captain 
Company C, Twenty-Second Massachusetts 
Infantry. Wounded at Gaines' Mill. Was 
one month in I^ibby Prison, and discharged 
for disability on January 5, 1863. He died 
at Taunton, Mass., February 24, 1900, 

MiNUTK Mkn of '61 


Charles E. Piekcic Conipaiiy H, Fourth Jlassachusetts Reg-iinent. 

Mimitf Men of '6i. 

F'irst Serseant, Tenth Mass., I^i.uht Battery. First^ I^ieutenanl, Acting Adjntant Fourth, H. A. 

L/ieutenant Charles K. Pierce, a resident 
of Boston since 1866, was Ijorn in Oitincy, 
Mass., September 17, 1841. 

He enlisted under President Lincoln's 
first call for troops, May 16, 1861, in Coni- 
pan}' H, Captain Franklin Curtis, Fourth 
Regiment, M.V.M. (Colonel Abner R. 
Packard), and served with it at Fortress 
Monroe, Newport News and Hampton, Va . , 
mustered out by reason of expiration of 
service, July 2Z, 1861. 

August 16, 1862, he again enlisted, this 
time in the Tenth Battery, Light Artillery, 
Massachusetts Volunteers, commanded by 
Major (then Captain) J. Henry Sleeper, 
serving with it as Sergeant and First Ser- 
geant. While with the battery, in the 
Third Corps (General W. H. French), 
Army of the Potomac, he participated in 
the engagements at Auburn, Md., October 
13, 1863, Kelly's Ford, Md., November 7, 
1863, and Mine Run, Va., November 30, 


Minute Men of '61 

1863. Upon the re-organization of the 
Army of the Potomac in March, 1864, the 
battery was attached to the Second Corps 
(General W. S Hancock) , and with it he 
was in the engatjements in the Wilderness, 
May 6, 1864; at Po River, May 10, 1864; 
Spottsylvania, May 12, 1864; North Anna, 
May 21, 1864; Tolopotomy Creek, May 
30-31, 1864; Cold Harbor, Jnne 1-10, 1864, 
arriving in front of Petersburg, Jnne 16, 

1864. From there, he was soon afterwards 
.sent to the hospital and subsequently fur- 
loughed home .suffering from severe 

September 2, 1864, commissioned First 
Lieutenant of the Twentieth Unattached 
Company, Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts 
Volunteers, ^subsequently November 12, 
1864, Company D, Fourth Regiment, 
Heavy Artillery (Colonel William S. King), 
of which regiment, (Uieutenant-Colonel 
Samuel C. Hart commanding), he acted as 

Adjutant, imtil mustered out of service, 
June 17, 1865, by reason of the close of the 

Immediately on his return from service 
in 1861, he entered the employ of the 
"Boston Journal." Again, July 1, 1865, 
he returned to its business department and 
continued with the "Journal " imtil April 
30, 1895. Early in 1892, he was promoted 
to superintendent and cashier of the 
' 'Journal. " 

Since May 1, 1900, he has been a Deputy 
Collector of Taxes for the city of Boston. 

In the Veteran Associations, he is a 
member of The Minute Men of "61. 
Kdward W\ Kinsley Post, 113, G-A-R ; 
the Grand Army Club ; the Tenth Massa- 
chusetts (Sleeper's) Battery Association, 
of which he was for thirteen years Secre- 
tary and two years, 1892 and 1893, its 
Pre.sident, and of the Military Order of the 
Ivoyal Legion of the United States. 

Minute Men ok '61 


Company F, Fourth Mass. 

Charles D. Bacon, Manomet, Mass. 
Minute Men of '61. 
First Mass. Cav. Independent Battalion Mass. Cav., and Fourth Mass. Cav. 

Charles D. Bacon was born in Foxboro, 
Mass., August 20, 1840, enlisted in Com- 
pany F, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
April 15, 1861, for three months. Served 
at Fortress Monroe, Newport News and 
Hamilton. Re-enlisted in service Decem- 
ber 4, 1861, in First Massachusetts Cav- 
alry-. Was set apart as an independent 
Battalion of Cavalry at Hilton Head, S. C, 

under General Hunter, making two trips 
to Florida, then to North Carolina. At 
time Ivittle Washington was burned and in 
1864 was landed at Bermuda Hundred, 
Va., and camped at Hatche's farm where 
they were attached to the Fourth Massa- 
chusetts Cavalry and remained so until 


Minute Men of '61 

Wyman B. Nkihtingale, 338 Graiiite'Street, Ouincy, Mas 
Minute Men of '61 
Company H, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment 

Minute Men of '61 


I<ii;rT. JDHN McKay, Jk.. Meiroe. ilass. 

Minute Men of 61 

Co. H,4t]i Mass. Kt.. 1st I.t.Cos. H & V, 7lh R. I.Tnf. 

Ivifutenant John McKa}-, Jr., l)<)rn in 
Johnstone, Scotland. January 30, 1.S39. 
When one year of a.t^e his parents brotight 
him to America, settling in Norwich, where 
he remained ttntil he was sixteen. He 
then went to Canton, Mass., and learned 
the machinist trade. He connected him- 
self with the Foiirth Regiment, M.V.M 
and under President Lincoln's call 
accompanied it to the front as Second 
Ivieutenant, serving chiefliy at Fortress 
Monroe and Newport News, Va., from 
April 22, to July 22, 1861, yet participating 
in the Battle of Big Bethel. 

In 1862, the young man decided to re- 
enter the army, and considering Rhode 
Island his native state, became a member 
of the Seventh Rhode Island Infantry, 
September 2, 1862. 

He participated in all the battles the 
Regiment was engaged in, being .severely 
wounded in the right shoulder, June 29, 
1864, at Petersburg, Va. 

For the last twenty-five years- t,ieiitenant 
McKay has been employed as traveling- 
salesman for a Western Machinery House. 
His present home is in Melrose, Mass. 

EiHi-T. RfFUS H., New Bedford. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Conipan.N- li. Fourtli Massacliusetts Keuinicnt 

Ivieutenant Rufus H. Willis was born at 
North Faston, Mass., March 18, 1838; en- 
listed as marker boy in Company B, Fovirth 
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry in 1852, 
and at the outl)reak of the rebellion was 
Second Sergeant and Company CK rk in 
same Company. 

Sergeant Willis responded to the first 
call for seventj'-five thousand and landed 
with the Regiment at Fortress Monroe, 
April 20, 1861. 

Mustered out at Long Island, Boston 
harbor July 22, 1861 ; enlisted as private in 
Company I, First Massachusetts Cavalry, 
September 14, 1861, and continued with 
the Regiment until merged with the Fourth 

During this time he pas.sed the grades of 
Corporal, Quartermaster-Sergeant, Ser- 
geant, Major and Second Lieutenant. Was 
acting Aid-de-camp on the staff of Major 
General John Gibbon commanding Twent\- 
Fourth A. C, from April 2, 1865, to its 
entry into Richmond in May. At the sur- 
render at Appomattox, Lieutenant Willis 
had command of the detachment which 
collected the rebel battle flags, seventy- 
three in number. Resigned June 13, 1865. 


Minute Men of '61 

fied with many reform measures, and 
was often heard as a lecturer on a wide 
range of topics. 

As a business man he met an unusual 
degree of success, and developed a large 
enterprise from very small beginnings. 

Kli.iah Adams Morse died in Canton, 
Mass., on June 6, 1898. 

Ki.ijAH A. Morse. Canton. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Fourth Ma.ssachu.setts Regiment 

I^lijah Adams Morse was l)orn at South 
Rend, Indiana, May 25, 1841, and removed 
with his parents to Massachusetts in his 
childhood. He attended the pul lie 
.schools and completed his education at 
Onondaga Academy, New York. 

He enlisted in Company A, Fourth 
Rfgimcnt, M.\'.M., and served under 
connnand of (it-neral H. F. Butler, in 
Virginia, as a private for three months, 
and under (reneral Banks, in Louisiana, as 
a corporal for nine months. He was 
taken pri.somr at the capture of Brashear 
City, La. 

He served a term in the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives in 1876 ; was 
elected a member of the State vSenate in 
1886, and re-elected in 1887 ; was elected 
a meml)er of the F:;xecutive Council in 
l.SSS. Before the expiration of his term as 
Councillor, he was elected as Represen- 
tative to Congress from the Twelfth 
Mas.sachusetts Congressional District. He 
served eight years in Congress and re- 
fused a re-nomination for a fifth term 
owing to failing health. He was identi- 

Thom.\s H. Cook, Brockton, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Fourth Mass. Regt., Seventh Regt, M.V.M 

Minute Men of "61 


JKROMK Washburn, Whitman, Ma,ss. 

Minute Men of "61 

4th Ma.s.s. I<t. 38th idth unattached Co. 

Jerome Washburn was born in Kingston, 
Mass., August Zi, 1835. Came to South 
Abington (now Whitman) in the Spring of 
1852. Enlisted as private in Company H, 
Fourth M.V.M., in 1853. He was pro- 
moted Corporal in 1855, to Sergeant in 
1858. To First Sergeant in 1859, and com- 
missioned Third Lieutenant Jul\- 2, 1860. 

About eight o'clock on the evening of 
April 15, 1861, the Company received 
orders to report in Boston without delay. 
They reported as ordered, at 8.15 a.m., 
April 16. 

The Regiment was sent to Fortress Mon- 
roe, Va. On our arrival there we were 
informed by the Mustering (Jfficer, that 
the company would be nmstered in, in 
accordance with the laws of the regular 
army, and that the grade of Third Lieu- 
tenant could not be recognized, and Lieu- 
tenant Washburn was mustered in as pri- 
vate, and served at Fortress Monroe, 
Newport News and Hampton, Va., for the 
term of three mouths. 

Was mustered out of service at Gal- 

loupe's Island, Boston Harbor, July 22, 

He again enrolled as Sergeant in Com- 
pany C, Thirty-Eighth Regiment, Massa- 
chusetts \'olunteers on July 24, 1862, for 
three years. Was promoted to Second 
Lieutenant March 8, 1863, resigned and 
received an honorable discharge Decem- 
ber 14, 1863, 

The Twentieth Unattached Company 
of Massachusetts Volunteers was being 
recruited in 1864, for one hundred days 
for garrison duty, he enlisted in the same 
August 11, 1864, and was elected Second 
Lieutenant of the Company. Was dis- 
charged therefrom, November 18, 1864. 

On November 19, 1864, he again received 
a connnission as Second Lieutenant in the 
same company for one year, it having been 
recruited for thai period. 

He served until the close of the war, 
being discharged at Galloupe's Island, 
Boston Harbor, November 29, 1865. 

Thom.^s Fuller. Whitman. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E,4th Mass. Regrt..lSth M.V.M, 

Killed May 5, 1864 


Minute Men of '61 

„Ani)Ki;\v Jackson Ci.akk 

Jlimite Men of '61 

Co. I, 4tli '.Mass, ReRt.. Co. H, 2,^(1 M.V. M. 

Andkicw .Iackson Clark, Hin.iiham, Mass. 
V Minute Men of 61 

Co. I, 4tli :Mass. Rcut., Co. H, 23d M.V.M. 

Andrew J. Clark, born in Hingham, 
Mass., December 13, 1837, and is a lineal 
descendant on his mother's side of General 
Benjamin Ivincoln of Revolutionary fame. 
His grandfather, Nehemiah Lincoln, served 
in the second war with England as part of 
the garrison of "The Castle," Fort Inde- 
pendence, Boston Harbor. Comrade Clark, 
feeling nearly certain that war with the 
• South was inevitable in the vSpring of 1860, 
tried to enlist in the regular army but was 
^■* .rejected on account of his eyesight, which 
""•i.seems singular as in the winter of 1862-3, 
as a member of Company H, Twent3'-Third 
Massachusetts Infantr}-, he, after several 
tests at target practice, was detailed at St. 
Helena Island, S. C, to serve in a com- 
pany of Sharpshooters. In April, 1861, on 
the call of President Lincoln for volun- 
teers to serve for three months, he was 
one of the very first to enlist, joining 
Company I, Fourth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment, Volunteer Militia Cavalry, known 
as the Lincoln Light Infantry. With this 
company he left Hingham on the after- 
noon of April 16, and joined the Regiment 
at the State House in Boston where, after 
receiving a partial outfit of clothing, etc., 
march ed to the Old Colony depot and 
there entrained for Fall River where he 

took the steamer, "State of Maine," for 
Fortress Monroe, Va., via New York City; 
the latter place was not reached until about 
sundown on the nineteenth. One who 
was not living at that time can have no 
idea of the excitement prevailing in conse- 
quence of this sudden call to arms. Bos- 
ton was wild with it; the streets were filled 
with people cheering us on and bidding us 
troil-speed. The shores of New York 
Harbor from Hell Gate to the old Fall 
River pier were lined \vith a multitude of 
people who were nearly dazed with excite- 
ment. On passing up the North river they 
passed the "Baltic" and several other . 
vessels that had just arrived from Fort 
Sumter with Major Anderson and its gar- 
ri.son. Leaving New York during the 
night of the nineteenth, the " State of 
Maine" proceeded on her way, arriving 
off Fortress Monroe early Saturday morn- 
ing, April 20. As .soon as the old flag was 
discried at sunrise floating above the ram- 
parts we sailed directly in and landed, the Union Regiment insignia, and old 
Fortress Monroe was .saved for the United 
States (Tovernment. 

He was discharged October 13, 1864, by 
rea.son of expiration of term of service, 
thus completing the full term, 

MiNX'TE Men of '61 


K( i-.icuT J;)S;_i;lyn vVcll.'iSTo:;. (juiiicx , ".\[;i>. 

Mhiute Men of '61 

Coiiii)aiiy II, Foiiith Massachusetts Keyiinent 

Rolii-rt Jossehn was l)<)rii in Hanovt-r, 
Mass., Oct(>1)er 9, 1842. He is now a rt-si- 
(k-nl of W'ollaston (Ouincy) Mass., wlitTt- 
he'luiS li\e<l since the as^e of ten years. 

Under Pre.sident Lincoln's first call, he 
enlisted May 16, 1861, in Company II, 
Foiu'th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, commanded by Captain hVanklin 
Cnrtis of Qnincy, the Regiment being 
commanded by Colonel Abner K. Packard. 
With the company he served until mus- 
tered out b}' reason of expiration of service 
July 22, 1861. 

Col. .\i;ni r H. P.ack.\rd. Quiiic.v, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

l<'onrth Rcyinicnt. Massachusetts Volunteers 

Colonel Aimer B. Packard was born at 
Ouincy, Mass., November 21, 1S21, and 
after attending the public schools of his 
town, started in business. 

He took an active ])art in military affairs 
and was promoted In- grade until he 
became a Colonel and with his Regiment, 
the Fourth Massachusetts, responded to 
the first call for troops in April, 1861. 

.Although interested in public affairs, he 
never held any political office, but occupied 
several places of and, for many years, 
was a Director in the National Mount 
\Volla.ston Bank, and Vice-President of 
the Ouincy Klectric Light and Power 

Cohjnel Packard was eighty-one years of 
age, but of strong' constitution and to all 
appearances had manv years of useful life 
before him. 

His demise was very sudden and un- 
expected, and occurred at his home in 
Ouincy, Mass., October 17, 1902. 


Minute Men of '61 

hi.Mi-.ii;. <.. 11, a:.; i; . i-. i! l .Nr>in:ii, .m.i s. 

Mimitf Men of '61 

1st Scryrt. C". '.■', Itli >.1;!S-. Rest, Ca!>t. 58 M.V.M. 

Simeon (t. IJlamliii was liorn in Xoiion, 
Mass., July 9, ISJl; .•iltiiciu-.l liini^c-li to 
the State Mili'ia, Third hieutencnit in 
Conipan_\- F, I'ourlh iM:issacluisetls Ke;.!- 
nient. At the first call of rrtsi.ient Lin- 
coln, April 15, 1S61, for troops to defend 
the flay of our country, he inuned;iately 
left his Inisiness andi reported at rVmeril 
Hall and with his Rej-^inunt st^ated t(» 
Fortress Monioe. Was soon promoted to 
First Sergeant, returning- to Massachusetts 
at expiration of service. He again volun- 
teered as F'irst Sergeant, Company K, 
F-Qiirth Massachusetts \'olunteers, com- 
manded hy Colonel Henry Walker, and 
proceeded to New Orleans, J^a. The Regi- 
ment experienced severe duty in Ingra- 
ham's brigade and other commanils at 
Brazier City, Ship Island, Tort Hudson, 
and the Nineteenth Army Corps under 
(k-neral ISanks; he was taken a prisoner at 
IJra/.ier City and soon after ]:>aroled; was 
with his Regiment again at the garrison of 
Port Hudson. In August, 1863, mu.stered 
out at expiration of term of service. 

He again volunteered as Second lyieuten- 

ant in F'fty-Eighth Regiment, Massachti- 
setts \'olunteers, was in charge of recruit- 
ing service at Taunton; promoted to First 
Lieutenant March 8, 1864, before leaving 
Alexandria, \'a. Participated in the Bat- 
tle of the Wilderne'-s and other engage- 
ments; was commissioned Captain, August 
8, 1S64, and was with his Regiment until 
the close of the war. 

Albkrt .S. N.'VSON, Dorchester. Ma 
Minute Men of '61 
Fourth Ma.ssachusett.s ReKiment 

Born in Braintree, Mass., January- 7, 
1837. Enlisted in Company C, Fourth 
Regiment, M.V.M in 1858, was di.scharged 
July, 1861. Fvulisted in Company- K, 
Thirty-Third Regiment in 1862, -was trans- 
ferred to Third Massachusetts Cavalr}', was 
discharged May 21, 1865, at Falls Church, 

MixuTi.; Mkn of '61 


JAIMKS H. I,l-;ii.XAKi). Cocliesset. !Mass. 

Alinutf Men of '61 

Co. I,. Uh Mass. Kcyt.. Co. C. 2'^>th Ri-ut. :M.V.M' 


Minvite Men cf 'f 1 
U, l''unilh Mas.saclnisetts Rejriiiient 

Comrade James H. Iveonard l)orn at Kast 
Bridgewater,, April 14, 1841, re- 
sponded with Fourth IVIassachusetts Regi- 
ment, Minute Men of '61, proceeded to 
Fortress Monroe, Va., participating in 
every important engagement. Nearly the 
entire Regiment again volunteered for 
three years. Afterwards organized as the 
Twentj'-Ninth Regiment Massachusetts 
Volunteers. Comrade Leonard being 
assigned to Company C. The engagements 
of the Regiment are recorded as Hampton 
Roads, Gaines Mills, Savage's Station, 
White Oak Swamp, Malvern Hill, Second 
Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, 
Jackson, Blue vSprings, Siege of Knoxville, 
Campbell's Station, Cold Harbor, Peters- 
burg, Weldon Railroad, Fort Steadman. 
Comrade Leonard was twice wounded 
(quite severely at Antietam), and was 
discharged May 21, 1864. Later re-entered 
the service in the Commissar}- Department, 
and a portion of the time served as 
mounted orderly to General Williams of 
General Grant's staff. Now resides at 
Cochesset, Mass. 

Francis Lincoln Souther was l)orn in 
Ouincy, I\Iass., on May 27, 1836, son of 
Tolin L. and Marcella A. Souther. 

His ancestors can be traced back to tlu' 
Pilgrims on l)ot]i sides, and his great 
grandfather, on the maternal side, served 
in the war of the Revolution, Minute 
Men of '76. 

Enlisted as private in Company H, 
Fourth Regiment, M.V.M.,and was one 
of the Minute Men of '61. 

They proceeded to Fortress Monroe, and 
this Regiment with others, was called upon 
to take a part in the serious conflict of 
the war, the battle of Big Bethel, Va., 
June 10, 1861. 

At this action, he received mortal wounds, 
of which he died the same day. When 
brought off the parapets, he said, " Put me 
down, boys, let me lay, and do^'our duty." 
He was the first soldier killed in battle 
from Ouinc)'. 

His body was sent home, and buried in 
Mt. Wollaston Cemetery with military- 
honors, upon the return of the Company 
after exioiration of its term of service. 


MiNutK Men of '61 

.l.\.Mi;s r. Sii:vi-;n.s, Braintret-. Mass. 

Minute Men of 'nl 

],icut. Co. C. Uh Mass. Capt 42(1 Rtut. Mass. Vols. 

Janics Triinl)k- vStcvciis was born in 
P.rainln-(.', Mass., Juiu- KK 1S3.5. Hisoccn- 
pation in life has Jiccn tlie niannfacturt- of 
tacks and nails. 

Ik- was iMrst Tyientenant of Company C, 
I'onrtli Kc.i^inK-nt M.V.M., and at the first 
call of President Lincoln for troops went 
with his company to the front. Afterward 
lie re-enlisted as Captain of Compan}- I, 
I'orty-.Second Re.yiment, Mas.sachnsetts 
Volunteers. He is a memljer of the Asso- 
ciation of Minute Men of '61. Pie was the 
first commander of General Sylvanns 
Thayer 87, G-A-R Braintree. 

He was representative to the Creneral 
Court, 1876, from Braintree, and Senator 
from the First Norfolk district, 1888 and 

He is a memljer of Delta Lodge, F. and 
A. M., Weymouth, and of vSouth Shore 

He has served as Chief Engineer of the 
Fire Department and has been for many 
\ears chairman of the board of water com'- 
missioners. He is President of the Brain- 
tree Co-operative Bank and Trustee of the 
Braintree .Savings Bank. 

Coi,. IIicNRV \V.\i,ki;r. licston, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Col. P'om-th Mas.sachnsetts Kegir.ieul 

The l)onibardment of I'ort Sumter began 
on April 12, 1861 ; on the fifteenth Henry 
A\'alker enlisted, being the first Harvard 
graduate to do so for the suppression of the 
Rebellion. He had previously stitdied law 
in the oflkx' of Hutchins & Wheeler. He 
was appointed Adjutant of the Fourth 
Massachusetts and was at his post in the 
battle of Big Bethel. In the autumn of the 
.same year he was appointed I/ieutenant- 
Colonel of his Regiment, which was 
reported by Colonel Fniery, chief of ord- 
nance, "to be in better condition than 
any Militia P egiment in the state. ' ' When 
not engaged in the field, Colonel Walker 
enlisted troops at home, being aPso the first 
to engage volunteers in ^Massachusetts for 
service in the war. In 1862 he was ap- 
pointed Colonel of the Fourth Regiment, 
was ordered to New^ Orleans, thence to 
Baton Rogue, then to Port Hudson, wdiere 
he took part in the famous assault. Col- 
onel Walker was honorably discharged 
from the army, and has received his en- 
dorsement of General Banks : "He was 
an honorable and patriotic ofificer. " Col- 
onel Walker was in command of the 
Ancient and.^Honorable'Artiller}-; Company 
upon the pilgrimage to England in 1897. 

Minute Men of '61 


La., June 14, 1863. Commissioned I'irst 
Lieutenant Seventy -Fifth I'.S.C.T., dis- 
charged for disa!)ilit_\-, January 9, 1H6L 

Was Captfiin in the vSeventh M.\' I\L in 
1.S69 and 1S70 ; he is an Ex-Aklermau of 
that ( it\ . Is an ( )dd Fellow and a Kni.^dit 
of I'vthi IS, a comrade of Post 14, (--A-R, 
Past Department of the l'-\'-T7 
Depaitment of Maine. 

(■,i;oK(;r; :\r. I/svkuinc. Tcnas. Me. 

Minute Men of '61 

Stmt. Ith :\Iass. Reed's Cav. iV 1,1. 75Ui I". S. C. T. 

(ie(^rge INL Lovering lK)rn Jamiar\- 10, 
l.S.^2, at .Springfield, N. 11. ; \vas educated 
in the i)ul)lic schools of Randolph, ]\Iass. 
He Avas one of the (original members of the 
R;indoli)h Ivi.^ht Infantry, Company I), 
l-'ourtli M.A'.M. on its organization in 1854 
and on April 16, 1861, was made First 
Sergeant and served with his Compau}- 
at Fortress Monroe, Newport News and 
Hampton, Va., for the term of three 
months. Re-enlisted in Reed's Cavalr\- 
and went to Ship Island and New Orleans 
with General Butler's expedition, dis- 
charged for disability at New Orleans, 
June 15, 1862, and returned to Massachu- 

Appointed Sergeant Company I, 
Fourth Massachusetts Volunteers and nuis- 
tered into service September 23, 1862, par- 
ticipated in engagements at Bisland, La., 
and in the siege and .storming of Port 
Hudson, acting Lieutenant from May 3, 
until the nuister out of the Regiment 
August 28, 1863. 

A-w-arded Medal of Honor for di,stin- 
guished_bravery at^assaulton Port Hudson , 

WiLLi.^M CoRWiN. Whilinaii, 

Minute Men of '61 

Company )•;, I'onrlh M.V.M. 

Re-enli.sted in United States Nav 
two years, May 29, 1862. Died (off P 
cola, Fla.) on board ship " Nighting 
September 26, 1863. 

y for 



Minute Men of '61 

James I^. Sherman. Providence. R. I. 

Minute Men of '61 

4th Mass. Regt. 1st 14. and Adjt. 23d Mass. Vols. 

Born in " vSheldonville," Wrenthani, 
Mass., October 11, 1841, of Revolutionary 
ancestors. His maternal great grandfather 
Joseph Shepard, Jr., was one of the Min- 
ute Men of 1775-6, at Concord, Bunker 
Hill and Rhode Island. Of his ancestors 
and kinsmen on paternal side, many are 
found who distinguished themselves both 
in peace and war. 

Early in life he removed to Foxborough, 
Mass., where he was being educated in the 
public and private schools, up to the day 
of the first call of President Ivincoln for 

He first enlisted tor three months, as 
private in Company F, Fourth Massachu- 
setts Regiment, "Warren lyight Guards," 
on April 16, 1861. On his return home he 
enlisted as a private in Company K, 
Twenty-Third Massachusetts Regiment for 
three years; was promoted to Corporal, 
vSergeant, Second Lieutenant, First I.vieu- 
tenant and Adjutant, and was mustered 
out on last rank October 15, 1864. 

He married February 12, 1864, Funice 
D. Burgess, of Providence, R. I., whose 

great grandfather, Nathaniel Phillips, of 
R. 1., served in the Revolution and was a 
Captain and Quartermaster on the staflf of 
( ".t'lK-ral \\'asliington. 

His \oungest son, James G. S. Sherman, 
was one of the Minute Men in the late 
Spanish-American war, serving as a private 
in the United States Marine Corps. 

Residence, Providence, R. I., and post- 
office address City Hall, where he would be 
l)leased to greet any of his old comrades. 

Robert Dollard, .Scotland, So. Dakota. 

Minute Men of '61 

4th Mass. Capt. and Maj. 2d U. .S. Cd'd Cav. 

Robert Dolland, Private Company B, 
Fourth Massachusetts Infantry, April 15, 
to July 22, 1861, Sergeant, First Sergeant 
and Second Ivieutenant. Company E, 
Twenty-Third Mas.sachusetts Regiment, 
September 5, 1861 to January 1, 1864. 
Captain, Second United States Colored 
Cavalry from January 1, to October 1, 1864, 
and Major commanding Regiment there- 
after until close of the war. Mustered out 
February 12, 1866, at Brogas, Santiago, 
Texas, where he took his Regiment to fight 

Minute Men of '61 


lylKUT. p;n\VARD A. SrUAR 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. H, 4th Mass. Capt. Co. D, 39th Mass. Vols. 

Captain E<lward A. Spear was born in 
Ouincv, Mass., December 7, 1816, and 
died there Jnne 25, 1897. He enlisted 
from Ouinc}' and was mustered in as First 
lyieutenant of Company H, Fourth Regi- 
ment Massacliixsetts Infantry, April 22, 

1861, to serve three months. He served 
at Fortress Monroe, Newport News, and 
Hampton, Va., and participated in engage- 
ment at Big Bethel ; mustered out July 22, 

Re-enlisted and mustered in as Captain 
Company D, Thirty-Ninth Regiment Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteer Infantry, August 14, 

1862, to serve for three years. Partici- 
pated in the engagements at Mine Run, 
Va., Nov. 26 to 30 ^ 1863 ; Wilderness, Va., 
Mav 5 to 7; Laurel Hill, May 8 to 10; 
The Angle, Mav 12, 1864; Spottsylvania, 
May 12 to 18; 'North Anna, 23 to 27; 
Bethesda Church, May 30; Cold Harbor, 
June 1 to 5, White Oak Swamp, June 10 to 
12 ; Petersburg, June 17 to 24, and Weldon 
Railroad, Julv 18, 19, and August 18 to 21, 

Was wounded in both engagements at 
Weldon Railroad, and discharged for dis- 
ability September 9, 1864. Since the war 
Captain Spear had been honored with inany 
evidences of respect b}- his fellow towns- 
men. He was a member of Paul Revere 
Post 88, G-A-R. 

Joshua T. Bryant, Whitman. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. E, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment 

Joshua T. Bryant, born September 4, 
1830, Corporal Company R, Fourth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment, Whitman (formerly 
South Abington ) . A member of the Massa- 
chusetts Militia, promptl}- responded to the 
first call of President L,incoln, April 15, 
1861, he served at Fortress Monroe, Va., 
Newport News and Hampton, Va., for the 
term of three months was nuistered out of 
service at Galloupe's Island, Boston Har- 
bor, July 22, 1861, was a memljer of Post 
68, Dorchester, Mass., from February, 1886, 
to January 1895, also a member of Massa- 
chusetts Lodge of Masons, Saint Paul's 
Royal Arch Chapter and Dehaley Com- 
mandery of Knights Templars. Was a 
lineal descendant of the Senior John 
Bryant, of Plympton, Mass., who was a 
member of the General Court in 1677, one 
of the proprietors of Narraganset Town- 
ship Number 4, (now Greenwich Mass.) to 
which the lands were granted in 1737 for 
meritorious conduct, also in the line was 
his grandfather Joshua Bryant of Plympton 
who responded for duty upon the Lexing- 
ton and Concord alarm April 19, 1775, 
serving in Captain Laring's Company, also 
his father, Cephas Bryant of Plympton, 
Mass,, served in the war of 1812, in Cap- 
tain Asa Thompson's Company, Halifax, 
Mass. Joshua T. Bryant was born in South 
Hanson, Mass., September 4, 1830, die<l in 
Neponset, Mass., March 21, 1901. 


Minute Men of '61 

Alonzo M. Shaw. Roslindale, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F, Fourth Mass. Regt. 1st Mass. Cav. 

Alonzo M. vSliaw enlisted in Company F, 
P'onrth Regiment Massachusett.s Volunteer 
Militia, April 15, 1861, serving at Fortress 
Monroe and vicinity, and re-entered the 
service September 19, 1861, in Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers Cavalry. Served in 
South Carolina, and Florida and was at 
the battle of St. James Bluff in latter state; 
was disabled on picket duty at Barnwell's 
Plantation and was honoraljly discharged 
April 22, 1863. 

Peter N. Sprague, Hinuliani. Mass. 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. I, 4th Regt. Capt. 4th & .S5th M.V.M. 

Peter N. Sprague was born in Ilingham, 
December 16, 1826. Sergeant in Company 
I, Fourth Regiment M.V.M I^incoln Light 
Infantr\', and was three months at Fortress 
Monroe, Newport News and Hampton, Va., 
April to July, 1861. On May 26, 1862, ap- 
peared on Boston Common for active ser- 
vice as Second I^ieutenant. Services not 
required and sent home. Captain Com- 
pany I, Fourth Regiment, M.V.M June 23, 
1862. Honorabl)- discharged September 
29, 1862. Commissioned Second I^ieuten- 
ant, Plfty-Fifth Massachusetts Infantry, 
Company A, September 24, 1864. First 
I^ieutenant, April 1, 1865. Mustered out 
August 29, 1865, at Mount Pleasant, 
vS. C, and finally discharged at Galloups's 
Island, Boston Harbor, September 25, 1865. 
Served at Jame's Island, Money Hill and 
siege of Charleston, S. C. 

Minute Men of '61 


George A. Edsox. W'liitinaii. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F„ 4th Regt. Seru^t. 1st Mass. Cav. 

George A. Edson was born in Kast 
Bridgewater, Mass., June 2.S, 1840. On 
the morning of April 16, 1<S61, he went to 
work in Hobart's steam mill carrying his 
dinner. Hearing Captain Allen of South 
Abington was to leave with Company E, 
Eourth M.V.M. that morning for Boston, 
left his dinner pail at the mill, took the 
first conveyance he could secure for South 
Abington, joined C<>m]iany I{ and went 
with them to the front. Served at Fortress 
Monroe, Newport News and Hampton, 
\'a. , three months. Discharged to Boston, 
Jidy 22, 1861. Re-enlisted November 19, 
1861, in Company I, Independent Bat- 
talion Massachusetts Cavalry, later the 
Fourth for three years. Promoted Cor- 
poral August 11, 1863. Discharged Decem- 
ber 31, 1863, to re-enlist. Re-enlisted Jan- 
uary 1, 1864, in same Company and Bat- 
talion for three years. Promoted Sergeant 
August 23, 1864, and First Sergeant Janu- 
ary 1, 1865. He participated in battles of 
Morris Island, Siege of Forts Wagner and 
Sumter, S. C, Deep Bottom, Petersburg, 
High Bridge, Va., and others. While act- 

ing as Mounted Orderly for Brigadier-- 
deneral J. B. Howell, at one of the many 
engagements with the enemy, the General 
having been made unconscious from the 
effects of the enemy's fire, Edson carried 
him to the rear, under a rain of shot and 
shell. For this and other acts of coolness 
and l)raver}', he was earnestly recom- 
mended for promotion in a letter written 
to Governor Andrew by General Howell. 
He was taken prisoner at battle of High 
Bridge, April 6, 1865, but escaped from 
his captors the night following, reaching 
the lines in safety on the ninth, the day 
of Lee's surrender. Was commissioned 
Second Lietitenant by Governor Andrew, 
July 13, 1865. Later Edson's command 
acted as military police in Richmond, Va., 
tintil November, 1865, when he was finally 
discharged at Boston, Mass. , November 14, 
1865, after a continued service in his coun- 
try's defence of fotir years and three 
months. Residence Whitman, Mass. 

I^EWis Goii.niNCi. \Vliitiiiaii. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

4th Mass. Kesrt. Hospital Steward 

Lewis (Moulding enlisted at the call of 
Governor Andrew April 15, 1861, in 
Companv F, INI.V.M. He was injured in 
the battle of Big Bethel June 10, 1861. 
Discharged July 21, 1861. Re-enlisted 
September, 3, 1862, as army nurse, and 
charged for diaabilitv November, 1862. 


Minute Men of '61 

James Brown, Taunton, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Fourth Mass. Regt. Major 3M Mass. Vols. 

Major James Brown, Ijorn in Swansea, 
Mass., September 19, 1828. GracUiated 
Brown University 1850, Admitted Bristol 
County Bar, 1852. Re.sided in Taunton, 
Mass. Was Corporal in (Taunton Ivight 
Guard) Company G, M.V.M., when Gov- 
ernor Andrew called for troops, l^eft home 
April 16, 1861 for three months. On his 
return raised Compan\- (B of the Thirty- 
Third Massachusetts), of which he was 
commissioned Captain, afterwards Major. 
Resigned summer of 1863. Was twice 
elected Representative to Ivegislature, also 
to Senate. Died February 19, 1893. 

Nath.^niel Ebf;nezer Glover, Quincy, 

Minute Men of '61 

Company H, Fourtli Massachusetts Regiment 

Nathaniel Ebenezer rxlover, born in 
Ouincy, Mass., February 20, 1836, son of 
John Bass, and Margaret F. G. Reed 

He early became identified with the 
militia and at the outbreak of the Rebel- 
lion, enlisted in Company H, Fourth Regi- 
ment, September 22, 1861, under Colonel 
Abner Packard, served three months, and 
was mustered out July 22, 1861. 

Minute Men of '61 


Hknry S. Braden, Sotiier\'il!e. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 4th Mass. Re.trt.. Co. K, 29th Mass. Regt. Vol. 

Henry S. Braden. has a very honorable 
war record, in active service three years. 
Mustered in INIay l.S, 1861, going to Fort- 
ress Monroe Va., promoted from Second 
Sergeant to Sergeant IMajor, Second I^ien- 
tenant. First I^ieiitenant and Adjntant of 
his Regiment, his company was temporar- 
ily attached to the old Fourth Massachu- 
setts Volunteers three months troops, here 
he was appointed Color Bearer b}- Colonel 
Packard, commanding, when the three 
months' men's time expired, the seven 
three years companies remaining were 
formed into Massachusetts Battalion Cap- 
tain Barnes, commanding, sometime later, 
three niore companies arriving, the 
Twenty-Ninth Regiment was formed, some 
of the important battles in which these 
troops were engaged beginning with Big 
P>ethel, the seven daj-s battles in front of 
Richmond Siege of Knoxville. Siege of 
Vicksluirg, Miss. H. S. Braden is a mem- 
ber of W. C. Kinsley, Post 139 G-A-R 
Somerville and a Past Commander, and 
. was a Court Officer in the United States 
Marshals Office, Postoffice building, Bos- 
ton. Died June 26, 1905. 

GeorCxE Bailey White. Randolph, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. D, Fourth Ma.ssachusetts Regiment 

George Bailey White, of Randolph, 
Mass., was born in 1835 and enlisted April 
16, 1861, in Company D, F^'ourth Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Infantry. Mii.stered out 
July 22, 1861. He re-enhsted, August 31, 
1861, and served in Porter's F'irst Massa- 
chiisetts Ivight liattery for a term of three 

He was killed at Harrison's Landing, 
Va., on July 13, 1862. 


Minute Men of '61 

John 1\. Bicki-ord, Whitman, :\Iass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 4th Reg-t. vSergt. Co. C, 3Sth Mas.s. Reg-t. 

John R. Bickford born in Dover, N. H., 
March 17, 1838. When the order came 
from the Governor, April 15, 1861, he was 
already a member of Company R, Fourth 
Mas.sachusetts Volunteer Militia, having 
drilled throughout the previous winter to 
be in readiness for the call. The uniforms 
worn at the time of the call were provided 
and owned by each member. 

This was the first organized Companj' to 
report for duty in Boston, April 16, 1861, 
at 8.15 a.m., quarters being at Faneuil 
Hall, at which place a canteen, a rubber 
haversack, a loaf of bread and half a ham 
were given each of us. Through the 
State House we marched on the afternoon 
of April 17 , and each man was there 
supplied with a blue shirt, gray overcoat 
and a new Springfield rifle. 

On the evening of April 17, the Fourth 
Regiment left Boston, arriving at Fortress 
Monroe at midnight, April 19, and at a 
critical period. At sunrise up went the 
American flag on the Fort. At the same 
time up went our flag on the steamer 
"State of Maine." Cheers were given. 

Three hundred regulars were watching us, 
ready to l)low us out of the water. We 
landed and were welcomed Ijy the regulars 
who stood by the flag. 

We contributed greatly to the saving for 
the Union of that vitally important 
strategic position, Fortress Monroe, with 
its vast stores of ordnance and other sup- 
plies. General Winfield Scott regarded 
this fortification as more important from 
a military standpoint than Washington. 
Cf)mrade Bickford was the first .soldier to 
land at Fortress Monroe, April 20, 1861 , 
and was at the Battle of Big Bethel, June 
10, 1861. He again enlisted July 24, 1862, 
as Corporal in Company C, Thirty-Fighth 
Massachusetts Volunteers. He partici- 
pated in the Ijattles at Cane River and 
Port Hudson, I^a., and was promoted to 
SergL-ant, acting as First Sergeant during 
the campaign of 1864, and Opequan Creek, 
Berryville, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek 
in Virginia, in 1864. He was wounded at 
Opequan Creek, also at Cedar Creek. He 
was an eye witness of the arrival of 
General Sheriden at the front on October 
19, 1864, prior to the. grand advance upon 
and the crushing defeat of the enemy. 

He was discharged June 30, 1868, at 
close of war, at Savannah, Ga. Since the 
Rebellion he has served as First Lieu- 
tenant in the F'ifth Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia. He is now a resident of 
Whitman, Mass. 


' ' A mere civillian can neither compre- 
hend nor appreciate the deep devotion felt 
for one another by men who have together 
faced death upon the battlefield." 

C. C. Coffin, 
" Cauleton. 

Minute Mf;n of '61 







' nnpV 

.JHHfe'i ..1. t 





Charles F. Allen, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E, 4th Mass. Maj. 38th Mass. R't. Col. U. S. Vols. 

Major C. V. Alleii was liorii in Oak Hill, 
Sanford, Me., July 16, 1834. Knlisted as 
a private in Company E, Fotirtk Regiment, 
M.V.M. in 1861; was promoted Corporal, 
1854; Sergeant, 1856; commissioned First 
Ivieutenant, April, 1858, and Captain in 

1860. April 15, 1861, the Massachusetts 
Militia was ordered by John A. Andrew to 
report in Boston forthwith, and Captain 
Allen, with fift_v-four men of Company K 
of Abington, was the very earliest to 
re.spond, arriving in Boston ready for dut}- 
at 8.15 a.m., April 16. The Regiment was 
.sent to the relief of Fortress Monroe, Va. , 
and serving there and at Newport News 
and Hampton, Va., for the term of three 
months; was mustered out of service at 
(lalloupe's Island, Boston Harbor, July 22, 

1861. In May, 1862, he was commissioned 
as Major in the P'ourth M.V.M. , after- 
wards resigning to accept commiSvSion as 
Captain of Company C, Thirty-Eighth 
IVIassachusetts Volunteer Infantr}', August 
14, 1862. With the Regiment he pro- 
ceeded to Louisiana, where he served as 
Assistant Inspector General, in the Third 

Division of the Nineteenth Army Corps, to 
which position he was assigned on January 
13, 1863, by General William H. Emory. 
Afterwards serving in the same position 
under Generals II. E. Paine, Dwight and 
Franklin, and as First Inspector General; 
as Mar.shal at Baton Rouge, La. , 
under General P. St. George Cook. Dur- 
ing this time, July 16, 1863, was commis- 
sioned as Major of the Thirty-Eighth 
^Massachusetts Infantry. In September, 
1865, at his own request he was relieved 
from staff duty to rejoin his Regiment then 
stationed in Virginia, and upon his arrival 
was assigned as Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral on the staff of General Cuvia A. 
Grogan . 

vSoon after this was ordered to take com- 
mand of the Second Brigade, Second Divi- 
sion in Nineteenth Army Corps, and 
proceeded to Winchester, Va., and relieved 
Colonel Pvdwards" Brigade, which was then 
doing garrison duty at the above place. 
He took part in the battles of Bisland, La., 
April 13, the siege of Port Hudson, in 
I\Iay, June and Juh' of 1863 ; Opequan 
Creek, September 19, Fi.sher's Hill, Sep- 
tember 22, and Cedar Creek, October 19, 
1864. October 19, 1864, was brevetted 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and Colonel of the 
United States Vohmteers, ' ' for conspicu- 
ous gallantry on the field." Was after- 
■ wards sent with the Regiment to Savannah, 
Ga., and assigned to dut}- in charge of the 
construction of fortifications, and also on 
repairs and reconstruction of the Savannah 
\\'ater Works. Again ordered to report at 
Augusta Ga., to act as Provost Marshal for 
General Molonieux. Was relieved from 
this dutv in June, 1865, to join his Regi- 
ment, and was mu.stered ovit of service at 
Savannah, Ga., on June 30, 1865. Major 
Allen deems the occupation of Fortress 
Monroe, by the three months' troops in 
April, 1861, as one of the chief events of 
the Civil War, if not of the very first im- 
portance, as it commanded the entrance to 
Chesapeake Bay, and also held the key to 
the Potomac River and the Capitol at 
Washington, D. C. 


Minute Men of '61 

ISAAC S. Clark, Chelsea, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. C, 4th Mass. Re.e:t. 

Catt. James H. Os(;oon, 1'ast. PrivS. 

Minute Men of '61 
4th and 29th Mass. Rests. (dece;ised) 

SuROT. lAMAN B. Whiton, Hiugham, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 4th Mass. I,t. 32d Mass. Mj. 3d Regt. M. H. A. 

BiiNj.AMiN K. Caswki-L, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

1st Sergt. 4th Mass. Sergt. Co. K, ISth 

Killed August 30, 1862 

Minute Men of '61 


ClicoRci-; M. Adams, Hiimhani, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I. 4th Co. II, .S.Sili Mass. 

Wll.Ll.A^M H. IIowE. PIvcrett. Mass. 

aiinute Men of '61 

C ). K. 4th Mass. Serjrt. & I^. 29th Regt. Mass. Yo]:- 

Kr.^xk Corwin, Hanover, :Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. C, Fourth Mass. Regt. (deceased) 

Alonzo W. Fxtller, Chelsea, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F, 4tli Mass. Co. C, 35th Kegt. Mass. Vols. 


Minute Men of '61 

Henry Humble, Whitinau, :\Iass. I^uther Stephexson, Hingham, Jlass. 

Minute Men of '61 Minute Men of '61. 

Co. E. 4th :\Iass. Lt. Co. E. 4th Mass. Vols. 9 nios. 4th Mass. I,t. Col. 32d M.V.M. Brig. Gen U. S. Vols. 

Alfbed a. Lincoln, Hingham, 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 4th Mass., Co. E, 32d Regt. Mass. Vols. 

WiLLl.\M H. M.4INE, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. p:, 4lh Mass. Sergt. Co. E, 4th Mass. 9 mos. 

Minute Men of '61 


JAMKS N. MacKay, Randolph, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Corp. Co. K, Fourth Massachusetts Reiiinient 

John II, Church, Taunton, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company G, Fourth Massachu.setts Regiment 

W:\i. 11. :Marston, Somer\-ille. Mass. (ilicd 19ii6) Bexjamix K. Barrett, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 4th Mass. Corp. Co. C, 23d Regt. IMass. Vols. Co. E, 4th Mass. Regt. Co. C, 38th Regt. M.V.M. 


Minute Men of '61 

John H. Crafts, p:;ast I'.ostoii, Mass'' 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. K. 4th Mass. 29th Rcirt. Mass. Vols. 


Minute Men of '61 
Co. I„ 4th ]Mass. Co. C. 29th Rest. Mass. Vols. 

Walter ICdward Nason 

Minute Men of '61 

Fourth Massacliusetts Regiment (tleceased) 

Andrew J. Stetson, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F. 4th Mass. Co. D, 3Sth Mass. 

Killed in Battle Sept. 19, 1S64 

Minute Men of '61 


James H. Wetherkll, Whitmai!, Mass. 

Minute Jlen of '61 
Co. K. 4th Mass. 1st I^t. 13th_Maine Vols. 

Seth p. Gurney, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
^o. E, 4th Mass. Co. D, 38th Vols. 


David T. H.\rt.shobx, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Minute Men of '61 

Companj- F, Fourth INIassachusetts Regiment 

William F. Storey, Taunton, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company B, Fourth JIassachusctts Regiment 


Miniate Men of '61 

Otis S. Witherkll, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of 7,1 

Company K, Fourth ^Massachusetts Kcyinient 

William R. Kobkrts, Randolph, Mass. 

INIinute :\Ien of '61 

Company A, }-ourtli Massachusetts Regiment 

Alv-.\ a. (luHNKY, Whitman, Blass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. E, 4th Mass. Co. K, 7th Mass. Vol. 

Thomas Taylor, West Medford, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E, 4th Mass. Co. C, 38th Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Minute Men of '61 


James M. Cushmax, Taunton. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company (',. Fourth Ma.ssachusetts Rcirinient 

Joii.N- C. Bbook.s. Boston. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. A, 4tli Mass. Co. D, iOth :\I.V.M. 

Morton E. Haading, Abington, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E, 4th Mass. Regt., Sergt. Co. E, 4th Regt. 

TiET'T. Zaccheus Shkr.m.\x. Tauuton, Mass. 

Minute Men of "61 

Fourth Massachusetts Volunteers 


Minute Men oe '61 

Timothy Rhkd, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K. 4th Mass. Capt. Co. D, 3Sth Mass. (deceased) 

Eze.^ Vin.\l, Jr. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 4th Mass. 29th JIass. (deceased) 

Jo-SHUA T. Bnv.vNT. Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E, 4th Mass. Regt. (deceased) 

Joseph A. .Steingardt, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
4th Mass. Regt. Co. C, 3Sth Mass (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 


WiLLiAJi W. (>t:s. Avon. Mass. 

ISIinute Jlen of '61 

Company D. Fourth :MassachuseUs Reifinicnt 

lyiET-T. I.oiTS SorLi;, Whitman, 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. f:. Ff uitli :\Ii;ss. Capl. Fourth Mass. Vols. 9 mcs. 

Samuel W. Reed. Whitman. Ma; 
Minute Men of '61 
Fourth Massachusetts Reurinient 

WiLLi.\:.i H. S\vi:i:t. Foxhoro. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

C^ mpai'.y I". Fourth Massachusetts Regiment 


Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 


of the 


liy \\ii.LiA:\r T. EUSTis 

Standing out clearly in the records of 
the state, the Fifth Regiment is the oldest 
of militia organizations, save the Ancient 
andHonorable Artillery Compan\-. It was 
organized in 1786 and from that date to 
the present time has held its organization 
except at short intervals when bitter 
opposition against all militia caused the 
troops to remain inactive, bnt the spirit 
that always prevails in lojal hearts could 
not and did not discourage them so that 
the changing years and men found the 
Fifth Regiment ready to answer "Here" 
when the call was made in those stirring- 
days of April, 1861. When President 
Abraham Lincoln made his first call for 
seventy-five thousand men, this gallant 
body of officers and men could not remain 
silent nor passive, so that on April 15, 
1861, Colonel vSamiiel C. Lawrence 
tendered the services of the Regiment to 
that never-to-be-forgotten War Governor 
of Massachusetts, John A. Andrew. The 
offer was accepted and on the nineteenth, 
orders were issued to report for dut\-. 

It is thus seen that old methods of 
organization were then in force. 

On the afternoon of Arpil 20, 1861, the 
companies were ordered to report in 
historic Faneuil Hall and the troops 
promptly on time, were received by an 
enthusiastic people filling all the streets. 
In the gray of Sunda_\- morning, on the 
twenty-first, » the line was formed in 
Faneuil Hall square and march taken up 
for the Boston and Albany depot, leav- 
ingthere about 5.30 a.m., for New 
York. All along the route the Regiment 
received an enthusiastic reception ; at 
Worcester, Springfield, Hartford, Xew 

Haven and vStamford, the train was sur- 
rounded 1)\' a loyal people giving the boys 
of the gallant Fifth a royal welcome and an 
earnest prater for their success. The 
same welcome was accorded in New York, 
where the crowd was so great that there 
Avas some difficult_\- in marching. That 
night we were marched aboard the 
steamer Ijound for Fortress Monroe and 
Annapolis. At Annapolis we took posses- 
,sion of the depot and railroad and all the 
property not personal. After a short delay 
we started for the Relay House then 
thought to be occupied by the Baltimore 
rebels. We arrived before daylight and 
finding no enemy went into bivouac. So 
thoroughly tired were we that nature 
demanded a good rest and the writer 
remembers vividly of camping on the 
bare earth l)eside Major Keyes and was so 
exhausted that he did not awake until 
long after sunrise, finding one cheek 
blistered by the hot rays of the sun when 
he was called for a "snatch" breakfast. 
We then marched down the railroad 
track for Washington, leaving a guard at 
each railroad bridge. Upon arrival in 
Washington we went directl\' to the 
Treasury Building. < )n April 23 the 
baggage arrived and the day was made 
glad !)}• a visit from that grandest of men, 
President Lincoln, who expressed grati- 
tude for the prompt response to his call 
and complimented the officers upon the 
appearance of the Regiment. May 25, 
the order came for advance to Alexandria 
then occupied by the rebels. General 
Mansfield highly complimented the Regi- 
ment saying that he had "never witnessed 
a similar order more speedily and 
promptly executed. ' ' We crossed the long 
bridge at midnight and arrived just out- 
side Alexandria before daylight, going into 
a field about half a mile from the city 
which we named Camp Andrew in honor 


Minute Men of '61 

of His Excellency, the Governor of Massa- 
chusetts. Within a few hours a detail was 
made from the Regiment for a Provost 
Marshal, and guard for the city. In 
accordancf therewith lyieutenants Shep- 
pard and Potter with Kustis as Orderly 
Sergeant and one hundred men, marched 
into the city and took quarters in a large 
brick house at the corner of King street as 
Headquarters, taking charge of the body 
of the gallant Colonel Ellsworth who had 
been shot that morning in the Marshall 
House by the drunken rebel proprietor. 

Ma}' 29, orders were received to be ready 
to march at a moment's notice. June 14 
we were reviewed by President I^incoln 
and his Cabinet and termed bj- them the 
"Steady Fifth" on account of gentlemanly 
conduct and solderly bearing. There is 
no need to give details, Imt it must be 
said that the first seventeenth of June, 
passed in camp, was royally celel^rated 
and Company H ( Charlestown ) gave a 
grand dinner. 

Jul}' 13, orders were received to pack 
personal baggage and store in Alexandria, 
the sixteenth, knapsacks were packed and 
left as ordered ; with three da3's' rations 
and in light marching order we set our 
faces towards the enemy. The Fifth, in 
Colonel W. B. Franklin's Brigade having 
been honored with the right of division 
under General S. P. Heintzleman, was at 
the head of the column. Here it might be 
proper to sa\- that all the citizens of 
Alexandria sent in a monster petition that 
the Provost guard be retained there, bi:t 
tlie boys all insisted upon "following the 
colors" and would not remain behind. 
About seven o'clock the Regiment went 
into bivouac but ir. less than an hour an 
alarm was given and several prisoners 
were brought in. On the seventeenth the 
march -was resumed with skirmishes con- 
stantl\- at the front ; the enemy was 
frequent!}- seen, lait out of range. 

July 1<S, Company D had a short en- 
counter with the enemy killing two men 
and taking four prisoners. On the twen- 
tieth orders were received to prepare for 
an advance and three da} s' rations were 
distributed. We went into camp at 

Centerville, but the next day at 1.30 a.m., 
the order came "fall in lively." Never 
can the writer forget the sight as the 
sun came tip ; during the night there had 
been a heavy thunder storm and as the 
first rays of the sun glistened upon that 
loyal army in the valley alaout Centerville 
someone struck up in splendid voice the 
"Star Spangled Banner" and from every 
patriotic soul that grand old anthem made 
the echoes ring. As we neared the field 
of Bull Run we found the battle had 
already opened and we soon received the 
order to "double quick." In the open 
field at the brow of the hill Colonel 
Ivawrence was wounded but the steady 
Fifth under Ivieutenant Colonels (rreen 
and Pierson kept on. F'illing into a 
sunken road, we came in direct contact 
with the enemy and it was here that 
Color-Sergeant W. H. I^awrence was 
killed. I am confident he was the first 
color-sergeant to fall in defence of his 
country, and a more gallant soldier never 
served or died. 

In this position for more than two hours 
the Regiment remained and fought 
bravely, losing five killed and eleven 
wounded. "Stonewall" Jackson's bat- 
teries having our exact range, no mortal 
man could stand longer. However much 
has been said about the rout and disorder, 
it should be said here in emphatic terms 
that the Steady Fifth retired in good order 
and, upon return to Centerville, halted 
for five hours, and thence under orders, 
took up a steady march back to Alex- 
andria. It may not be out of place also, 
to say here that although the term of 
service of the Regiment expired the 
nineteenth while some other regiments 
refused to go on, the Fifth was made of 
sterner stuff and voted unanimouslv to 
continue as long as needed. 

After a day's delay at Alexandria we 
returned to Washington and were ordered 
home. July 30, we arrivetl on Boston 
Common and were welcomed by a grand 
ovation of loving relatives and friends. 
It has seemed to the writer that the P'ifth 
has not received the recognition which is 
its due. In the book published by the 

Minute Men of '61 


National Tribune of Washington on the 
"Early Days of War, "the Fifth is not 
even mentioned as present for duty, and 
yet it can be said without fear of dispute 
that no Regiment in those days did more 
to sustain the Government than did the 
steady, gallant Fifth. The writer ma}- V)e 
pardoned if he refers more particularly 
to the Company of which he had the 
honor of being a member, Company I, 
(afterwards changed to Company B,)'the 
Somerville Light Infantry, commanded by 
that grand and loyal citizen, Captain Geo. 
(). Brastow ; First Lieutenant William H. 
Robinson, vSecond Lieutenant Fred R. 
Kingsley. It was composed of the sons 
of the first families iu that splendid little 
city. Young men in their teens, or in the 
first flush of early manhood, with that 
love of country which asks no questions, 
stood read}- to do or die, and without a 
thought of bount}-, pension or reward of 
any kind, put on their uniforms at the 
order and set their faces towards the 

One instance alone shows the temper 
and character of all. One member of the 
company, April 20, upon going to dinner 
at the American House, met the old hero, 
Captain Brastow, just as they were going 
into the dining room and then learned for 
the first time that the Company and Regi- 
ment were ordered to the front. Without 
waiting a moment, he returned to the 
store where he was a junior partner and 
informed the senior that he was going to 
the war. Having several business matters 
to close up he did not have time to go to 
his home in Brookline to bid his family of 
loved ones good bye. A younger brother 
from Maine was then with him on a visit 
and insisted that he, too, would go. A 
uniform to fit was presented by one of the 
old City Guard, the citizen's dress was 
left in a store on Federal street and taking 
a carriage to Somerville he arrived just in 
time to "fall in" and march to Faneuil 
Hal. All the Company was ni'ide of just 
such men and there never was an organiza- 
tion that could more properl}- be termed 
"Minute Men." The writer, afterwards 
enlisting and serving in various bodies, 
takes pleasure in saying that the "first 

call" and service were the most patriotic 
of all and that a better class of loyal, 
earnest-thinking men could never be 
organized in company or regiment. Kven 
if this book is for a record of the "Minute 
Men," this statement should be made, 
viz. The men of the Fifth Regiment 
plainly showed their character and 
lo)-alty by re-enlisting after the first term 
had expired and all through their after 
service retained their regimental number. 
Scores and scores of the officers and men 
took higher rank and did splendid ser- 
vice, and a volume might be written of 
their valour and worth. The Steady Fifth 
still retains its number and its high stand- 
ard for gallant bearing. May it ever be 
readv for dutv! 


of the 



To the thousands of brave men and true 
who, at one time or another, were associ- 
ated with the Fifth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment the name is hallowed by precious 
memories. The records of the state 
show that as earl}- as 1786 there was 
a regiment of infantry in Massachusetts 
known as the Fifth Regiment of Light 
Infantrv, and, singidarly, the companies 
composing it came from practically the 
same places and localities as those which 
composed the regiment in the War of the 
Rebellion. The similarity of names would 
indicate very man}- in the ranks were lineal 
descendants of earlier members. 

In 1840, l)y legislative act, the state 
militia was re-organized and the number 
of the Fifth Regiment was changed to the 
Fotirth Regiment of Light Infantry, and 
the companies composing it were raised in 
the vicinity of Bo.ston and I^owell. In 
1846 another re-organization took place 
and four companies of the old command 
were disbanded for various reasons. In 
1855 it will be recalled by man}- of the old 
soldiers and per.sons interested in military 
matters, a strong effort was made to repeal 


Minute Men of '61 

the existing militia laws, but this move- 
ment met with defeat in the General Court. 
One of the results of this movement, how- 
ever, was tlie (lisbanihnent of the Fourth 
Regiment of l^ight Infantry and the reor- 
ganization of a new Fifth, restoring their 
original numljer. This new Regiment had 
companies from Charlestown, Cambridge, 
Somerville, W'olnirn, Waltham, Winches- 
ter and Concord. Colonel J. Durrell Green 
was in conunand of the Fovirth when it 
was disbanded, having served from 1851 to 
1855. He was re-elected unanimously to 
command the new P~ifth Regiment but 
declined the honor by refusing to qualify. 
Charles B. Rogers was elected colonel and 
served the Regiment with the greatest 
credit for several \ears. 

The names of the commanding officers 
of the Regiment from 1840 to 1861 follow': — 
Colonel, Charles Carter, 1841-1844. 
Colonel, Royal Douglass, 1844-1847. 
Colonel, Samuel Blanchard, 1848. 
Colonel, Moses F. Winn, 1848-1850. 
Colonel, J. Durrell (Vreen, 1851-1855. 

When Colonel Rogers took command in 
1855 the roster was as follows: — 

Caplain, Thomas Heald, Companj- A, 

Concord . 
Caplain, George (). Brastow, Company B, 

Compaii}- C, Waltham, no captain. 

Captain, J. M. Robertson, Compau}' D, 

Caplain, F. (). Prince, Company £), 

Caplain, J. 1). (Vreen, Company F, 

Captain, S. B. White, Company G, 

Woburu . 
Captain, G. V. Sanger, Company H, 


The- call for troops in April, 1861, was 
recei\'ed with great enthusiasm by the 
oiTicers and men, and on the evening of 
April 15, a meeting was held at which the 
services of the command that same day, 
were tendered to (xovernor John A. 
Andrew and accepted. The Regiment 
proceeded to Washington, following di- 
rectly after the Sixth, which was assaulted 
at Baltimore. 

In the succeeding chapters written and 
compiled Ijy Comrades James H. Griggs 
and William T. Fustis will be foiind inter- 
esting data concerning the first services of 
the Fifth at the front. 


by J.\ME.S H. GRIGGS. 
The services of the Fifth Massachusetts 
Regiment during the first three months' 
service is parti}' given in the official records 
of the Adjutant General of Massachu.setts 
for the year 1861. 

There were, ho\vever, many interesting 
facts and occurrences experienced b}- the 
memljers of that gallant Regiment which 
have never been published although they 
appear as a matter of record in the private 
diaries and letters .sent to their friends at 

There is, aside from the purely military 
record of any organization, another phase 
which has to do more with the daily occur- 
rences, with personal reminiscences, and 
with such a recital of events as may pre- 
sent themselves to one who was a partici- 
pant, and whose words, written from 
memor}- after a lapse of forty-eight jears, 
unofficial and disjointed as they ma}- be, 
will surely prove of interest to the public ; 
also to the surviving comrads whose good 
fortune it was to respond to the call of 
President Fincoln in April, 1861, and to 
have been permitted to take an active and 
honorable part . in the stirring events of 
that critical time. The high character and 
efficiency of the commanding officers of 
the Regiment, the sturdy manhood of the 
rank and file, the splendid discipline and 
perfect drill attained during the stay of the 
Regiment at Washington and Alexandria, 
placed them, when called upon to meet 
the enemy in actual conflict, among the 
most effective of the volunteer organiza- 
tions of that time. 

Comrades and friends will surely recall 
the triumphal progress on that Sabbath 
morning, from Boston through Massachu- 
.setts and Connecticut ; the throngs of peo- 
ple at the railroad stations ; the pealing of 

Minute Men of '61 


many church bells ; the hot cofifee and food 
provided at ever\- stopping place ; the pas- 
sage through New York and the anxiety of 
our comrades lest we be too late in arrival 
at Washington. 

The ^■ital points to be secured, were first, 
the City of Washington, the Capital of the 
Nation. The prompt arrival of the Sixth 
IMassachusetts had, for that time, made 
that point secure. The second point was 
the great Military and Naval station of 
Fortress Munroe and Gosport Navy Yard. 
These points to which the Third and 
Fourth Massachusetts had been directed, 
guarded and dominated the approach to 
the Capital by water, contained militar\- 
and naval stores and equipment valued at 
millions of dollars. To re-enforce, if need 
be, the troops at this important station the 
command, augmented b\- the Third Bat- 
talion of Rifles, and the Boston Light 
Artillery, numbering nearly twelve hun- 
dred men were directed by sea to Fortress 
INIonroe, and from thence up the Chesa- 
peake to Annapolis. The march to Wash- 
ington, the reception by the President, the 
assignment to quarters in the Treasury 
Ijinlding will be readily recalled bj- all 
comrades. The actual instruction in the 
details of military life, began with the 
Regiment immediately. Perhaps it is not 
an exaggeration to sa\- that no military reg- 
iment from any state was more efficiently 
commanded than the Fifth. No comrade 
can fail to recall the daily battalion drills, 
always conchided by a march up Pennsyl- 
vania avenue, exercising various evolu- 
tions from time to time during the march, 
while thousands of spectators lined the 
streets. Nor has he forgotten the strenu- 
ous drills among the clay pits near the 
Capitol, or the frequent visits of our hon- 
ored President Lincoln, as he daily passed 
through our quarters, exhibiting every 
interest in our welfare and comfort. 

On May 26, responding to a hurried 
alarm from the Virginia .side of the Poto- 
mac, the Regiment fell in, and marched to 
and nearly across the long bridge, where 
after a h It, caused b}- the draw being 
open, the troops were ordered to return 
and make ready for a permanent move to 
the "sacred soil" of the Old Dominion. 

A pleasing incident occurred during the 
halt on the bridge. A Massachusetts man, 
seeing the Regiment as it passed on 
the double quick, noted the miniature size 
of the National colors and immediately 
bestirred himself to remed}' the omission, 
with the result that within thirty minutes 
he was able to present Colonel Lawrence 
with a fine National flag. At twelve, mid- 
night, having succeeded in getting the 
draw bridge in place the route was re- 
sumed and the command crossed into Vir- 
ginia, camping at a point aboiit half way 
to Alexandia, where it remained for a 
week. During this time the Regiment 
daily marched to Alexandria, and worked 
upon Fort Ellsworth on Shuter's Hill. 
This fortification was built by four regi- 
ments, and was one of the first of the 
defenses of Washington. At the expira- 
tion of a week a move was made to Alex- 
andria, and camp was established and 
occupied until the forward movement on 
July 16. The duty performed by the Reg- 
iment was that of provost guard, and the 
town station was at the Marshall House, 
where the lamented Ellsworth was shot 
but a few days before. The drills and 
instruction in military matters were not 
dispensed with, and the improvement in 
the maneuvers was apparent from day to 
day. At this time it received a full uni- 
form of dark blue, the regular arni\- uni- 
form, and it is said that the Fifth Massa- 
chusetts was the only militia regiment so 
clothed. During this time visits to the 
camp were made by President Lincoln, 
Secretary of War Cameron, Secretary of 
Treasury S. P. Chase, and other distin- 
guished gentlemen; also on July 5 by Gov- 
ernor John A. Andrew and members of 
his staff. By an order from the War De- 
partment Lieutenant J. Durrell Greene was 
promoted into the regular arnn- as Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, and Major Hamlin W. 
Ke3es, and Adjutant Thomas C. Barri, as 
Captains, the vacancies thus created being 
filled by the promotion of Captain C^icorge 
H. Peir.son, Lieutenant-Colonel; Captain 
John Boyd, Major, and Lieutenant John 
G. Chambers, Adjutant. The troops at 
this point being now increased b\- the arri- 
val of new regiments, brigades were 


Minute Men of '61 

formed for i)(.-rmaiiLnt st-rvice. The 
Fifth was attached to that coniinaiided In- 
Colonel (afterwards Major-General) \\'. B. 
Franklin, composed of the following com- 
mands: I'irst Minnesota and Eleventh 
INIassachusetts, three years; Fourth Penn- 
sylvania and Fifth Massachusetts, three 

While the limits of this article forbid 
anv long statement, it may be fairly said, 
that the continual and strenuous manner 
in which the instruction of the Regiment 
had been carried on, resulted in such an 
improvement, that it is douljtful if, aside 
from the commands of the regular army, 
anv command in the service excelled the 
Fifth in steadiness, in discipline, or sol- 
dierlv apj^earance. Perfect harmony ex- 
isted l)etween officers and men. Jealous- 
.sies, so often detrimental to similar bodies, 
were noticeable by their absence, and 
there was manifested throughout the 
entire personnel of the Regiment that 
■' esprit du corps," which is the ver_\' life 
and soul of efficient service. 

On July 16, the brigade moved out to 
meet the enemy. The troops at Alexan- 
dria, consisting of the Brigades of P'rank- 
lin and Wilcox, forming a division of 
which Colonel S. P. Heint/.elman was 
commanfler, marched by a back road — one 
of Colonial fame known as the Braddock 
road, the oljject being to interpose between 
the force known to be at Fairfax Court 
House ami the main force of the enemy, 
along Bull Run, and the plain of Manas- 
sas, 'i'he Fifth marched in advance, and 
after a night's bivouac, encountered the 
advance posts of the enemy who retreated, 
without any attempt to delay our advance. 
The movement to intercept the enemy 
from Fairfax Court House, failed, as they 
retired in haste before the advance of the 
main force, under General McDowell from 
Washington. Halting during the night of 
the seventeenth and da\- of the eight- 
eenth, we marched late in the afternoon, 
and before night joined the main army at 
Centerville. The following days, the 
nineteenth and twentieth, we remained in 
Invouac, waiting the order to move for- 
ward. An incident worthy of record 
occurred at this time. Bv the terms of the 

enlistment of the Regiment, the three 
months of service expired on the nine- 
teenth, and had it been desired our dis- 
charge could have been secured. One or 
two other organizations under similar con- 
ditions did not advance beyond Center- 
ville, but in the Fifth no man asked or 
desired to do anything other than to serve 
in the coming battle, and no argument 
was necessary to induce them to remain, 
and when at three a.m., on the morning 
of tile twent}--first, line was formed for the 
advance, which we all knew meant ba.tle, 
the ranks were full, after a slow progress, 
the road in our front being blockerl by the 
troops of Tyler's Divi.sion. We moved 
rapidl}' down the Warrington turnpike a 
di.stance of two or three miles, then, after 
crossing Cub-run, turning to the right, 
took a circuitous route of several miles, 
through a narrow road, through thick 
woods. The command which preceded 
ours. General Hunter's Division, \\as 
sharply engaged with the enemy just 
across the stream on our left, and the 
sound of nuisketry seemed to animate the 
entire con:mand. Emerging from the 
woods, with only a slight pause for rest, 
we forded the stream, and very soon 
reached the scene of battle. Pausing to 
remove our blankets, etc., we hurried on 
over the hill, down the .slope on the fur- 
ther side, and were immediateh- under the 
fire of a battery in our front. Passing on 
at the double quick in close column by 
company, we relieved the troops of Burn- 
side's Brigade, which had lieen se\'erely 
engaged, and laid down behind a slight 
rise. In a few minutes the Eleventh 
Massachusetts of our Brigade, came up on 
our left, and Colonel Franklin, our Bri- 
gade Commander, rode up between the 
two Regiments and ordered a forward 
move. The Fifth by order of Colonel 
Samuel C. Lawrence, went forward b}- 
company, each company to fire, file to the 
right, and fall liack to the rear of the 
Regiment. The right, Company I of 
Somerville, executed the movement, fol- 
lowed by Company B of vSouth Reading, 
(now Wakefield. ) The writer, a'private in 
Company B, fell wounded at this fire, and 
thereafter had no part in the operations of 

Minute Men of '61 


the clay. After the first attack, the Bri- 
gade was ordered to advance, and crossed 
Young's Branch and the Warrcnton turn- 
pike, and for a time lay in tlit* sunken 
road which crossed the hill. .\t this point 
several of the Regiment were killed and 
wounded; among the killed was Color 
Sergeant W. B. Ivawrence, who was the 
first color-bearer killed in the war. 
Among the wounded were the Colonel and 
several others. The Regiment with the 
Eleventh Massachusetts rushed up the hill 
to support Ricket's Regular Battery, and 
fought strenuously to prevent its capture, 
biit were forced back. After the repulse 
and the capture of the ljatter\', one of the 
few regiments that preserved their organi- 
zation and marched from the field with 
colors flying and with steady, though 
diminished ranks, was the Fifth. There 
can be no doul>t that, if there had been a 
few more regiments as thoroughh' drilled 
as the Fifth, and a few other of the three 
months' troops, the hist or}- of the first 

battle of Bull Run would have lieen vastly' 

After the battle the command returned 
to Alexandria and in a fi-w da\s took the 
train for Boston, where it arri\ed ]u\y .M , 
and was shortly mustered out of the ser- 

Of the men who served in this campaign 
the great majority' re-enlisted as ofilcers 
and soldiers and served in various com- 
mands during the war. It is no exaggera- 
tion to say that more than eight}' per cent 
of the three months' men of the F'ifth 
were found at the front during the entire 

In no spirit of disparagement to the 
other commands of the old Bay State 
which responded to the call of President 
Lincoln for men in April, 1861, I feel that 
the Fifth for its faithful service, its 
magnificent steadiness and discipline, and 
its gallant conduct on the field of battle, 
rank with the best of the splendid regi- 
ments during those years of the country's 


Minute Men of '61 

Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y3I 


Colonel, Samuel C. Lawrence, Medford. 

IJcntcnanl Colonel, George H. Peirsox, Salem. 

Lieutenant Colonel, J. DuREEE Greene, Cambridge. 

Major, Hamein \V. Keves, Boston. 

Majoi , John T. Rovd, Charlestown. 

Surgeon, Samuel H. Hurd, Charlestown. 

Assistant Surgeon, William W. Keene, Jr., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Assistant Surgeon, Henry H. Mitchell, East Bridgewater. 

Chaplain, Benjajian F. DeCosta, Charlestown. 

Adjutant, Thomas O. Barri, Cambridge. 

AdjuJant, John G. Chambers, Medford. 

Onarterniaster, Joseph E. Billings, Boston. 

Pay Master, George F. Hodges, Rox1)ury. 

Sergeant JMajor, PIenry A. Quincy, Charlestown. 

Ouartennaster Sergeant , Samuel C Hunt, Jr., Charlestown. 

Hospital Steii'ard, Nathan D. Parker, Reading. 

Drum Major, Charles Foster, Charlestown. 

Fife Major, Freeman Field, Charlestown. 

Roster Co. A, Fifth Massachusetts 
Regiment, Minute Men of '61 

(Mechanic Lislit Infantry] 

Organized February, 1807 Orders 
were received from Colonel Lawrence, 
April 19, 1861, at three p.m., to report 
at Faneuil Hall, Boston, on the 20th, at 
ten a.m. At seven o'clock on the 20th, 
the company assembled at the Armory, 
and at ten o'clock they reported for 
duty at Faneuil Hall, Boston. There 
being one hundred and twenty men, the 
surijlus over tiie required number were 
dismissed, much to their disappoint- 

George H. Peirson, Capt Salem 

Edward H. Staten, Capt 

Lewis E. Wentworth, 1st Lieut 

Charles D. Stiles, 2nd Lieut 

James H. Estes, 1st Sergt..So. Danvers 
Benjamin K. Brown, Sergt Salem 

David N. Jeffrey, Sergt.... So. Danvers 

Albert J. Lowd, Sergt Salem 

John W. Hart, Corp So. Danvers 

James H. Sleeper, Corp Danvers 

Joseph M. Parsons, Corp Salem 

John F. Clark, Corp 

Adams, Charles P 

Allen, Charles W Danvers 

Bailey, Edwin 

Briggs, Henry T 

Burrows, William 

Burton, Jacob 

Buxton, George B Salem 

Buxton, George F 

Buxton, Samuel H So. Danvers. ^ 

Gate, Samuel A Salem 

Chipman, Charles G 

Clemons, William H 

Crane, Albert J So. Danvers 

Crosby, Lyman D Danvers 

Crowell, George M 

Daniels, John B Salem 

Minute Men of '61 131 

Davenport, David Munroe, Stephen X Salem 

Davidson, Henry, Jr Munsey, Joseph C Danvers 

Davis, Charles W Nimblet, Benjamin F Salem 

Dodge, Charles W North, James D Danvers 

Dominick, Joseph Osborne, John H Salem 

Dowst, Joshua W Osborne, Laban S 

Drown, William P Palmer, William H 

Ford, John F Patten, James M 

Fuller, George H Danvers Peabody, William M 

Gardner, Abel Salem Perry, Henry W 

Gardner, Charles AV Phippen, Charles H Danvers 

Gardner, William H Poor, James, Jr So. Danvers 

Giles, Charles H Pousland, John H Salem 

Oilman, John T Danvers Pratt, Calvin L 

Glidden, Joseph H Salem Pratt, Lewis R 

Gwinn, Charles H Ricker, Charles W Danvers 

Hildreth. Elbridge H So. Danvers Rix, Asa W. S Salem 

Hill, James Danvers Semons, Francis A 

Howard, John H Sloper, Henry Danvers 

Hurd, William H Salem Sloper, William A Salem 

Kehew, John H Smith, Henry J 

Leavitt, Israel P Smith, Robert Danvers 

Leonard, James Stiles, William W ■ So. Danvers 

Libby, Henry Symonds, Nathaniel A Salem 

Lufkin, William Danvers Tufts, Rufus W 

Mansfield, John R Salem Warren, Edward J 

Maxfield, James, Jr Webber, Mendall S Danvers 

Melcher, Levi L Weeks, William H Salem 

Moore, Dennison P So. Danvers West, George 

Morse, George W Salem Wheeler, Samuel B 

Moser, John H Williams, Charles A 

Moses, James Beverly Wilson, James Topsfield 

Moulton, Henry W So. Danvers 


Minute Men of '61 

Company B, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(RichardsoU L,ight Guards) 

Organized October, 1851. Orders 
were received from Colonel Lawrence, 
April 19, ISGl, at one o'clock, to report 
at Boston. The company at three 
o'clock marched to the common and 
partook of a collation, after which they 
left for Boston, accompanied by the 
Maiden band, who volnnteered their 

John W. Locke, Capt So. Reading 

Charles H. Shepard, 1st Lieut 

James D. Draper, 2d Lieut 

George W. Townsend, 1st Sergt 

Jason H. Knight, Sergt 

Benjamin F. Barnard, Sergt 

George W. Aborn, Sei-gt 

William E. Ransom, Corp 

James M. Sweetser, Corp 

George H. Greene, Corp 

James A. Burditt, Corp 

Alvin Drake, Jr., Musician 

William V. Vaux, Musician 

Abbott, Oramel G Reading 

Adams, Oliver S 

Anderson, Charles E So. Reading 

Anderson, James H 

Batchelder, George W Melrose 

Barker, Samuel S Andover 

Beckwith, Robert S So. Reading 

Bixby, Hiram 

Burditt, George A \ . . . 

Coney, John S Reading 

Cook, Jonathan, Jr 

Dix, Joseph O So. Reading 

Eaton, Alvin A Reading 

Eustis, Henry W So. Reading 

Eustis, Joseph S 

Fairbanks, James M 

Fletcher, Charles N Reading 

Foster, Davis So. Reading 

Griggs, James H Reading 

Harrington, Charles T So. Reading 

Hart, John F 

Hartwell, Albert A Reading 

Hayden, Frank W So. Reading 

Hayden, William H., Jr 

Haywood, Alexander M Reading 

Hosmer, Oiran S Woburn 

Hoyt, Henry D So. Reading 

Kidder, George H 

Lord, Byron 

Lord, George H 

McGee, Edward 

McKay, Gurdon Melrose 

McKay, Thomas M So. Reading 

McKenzie, John Boston 

Morrill, James M So. Reading 

Moses, George 

Nichols, George W Reading 

Parker, Nathan D 

Parker, William D So. Reading 

Parsons, Benjamin W Lynnfield 

Peterson, Leonard Reading 

Pratt, Edwin So. Reading 

Rahr, Christian E Reading 

Rayner, John So. Reading 

Rayner, Ozias 

Robinson, Charles H Reading 

Roundy, Jolm D . . .' 

Sherman, William H 

Smith, Thomas Melrose 

Stevens, John R Stoneham 

Sweetser, Oliver S So. Reading 

Sweetser, Thomas 

Thompson, Charles „ 

Thomjjson, John F 

Tibbetts, Charles H Reading 

Tibbetts, Frank L 'l 

Twiss, Adoniram J So. Reading 

Tyler, William N 

Walker, William H 

Wardwell, Henry F Reading 

Warren, Horace M So. Reading 

Weston, Robert H Reading 

Wiley, Joseph E So. Reading 

Willey, William 

Wilkins, Edward L 

Wyman, William Melrose 

Minute Men of '61 133 

Compan}^ C, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(CliarlfStown Artillery) 

Organized Maj% 1786; reorganized Dwight, Joseph F 

November, 1831. Captain Swan re- !;^/^^' ,^^""^1^^ r.' xt ™1^°1'- 

,, ,. Fitzpatrick, Ttiomas B. N Boston 

ceived orders to assemble liis com- Foster, Edward Cliarlestown 

mand at the armory at twelve o'clock, pox, Edward 

m., Wednesday, April 17, 1861, and at French, William C Noithampton 

noon the next day were ready to march Gabriel, William E . . . .Saiigus 

^ ., , '., .n ^1, Gammons, Charles A Chailestown 

at any moment. Friday, April 19, they q^^^^,^^ Albert D Stockholm, N. Y. 

marched to Boston and remained nntil Gossom, Elijah D Charlestown 

the Regiment departed for Washington, Grant, Melville C Chelsea 

at five o'clock Sundav morning, April Hatton, James Charlestown 

„^ ' Hayes, William Waltham 

Herman, Conrad, Jr Boston 

Hobart, George W 

William R. Swan, Capt Chelsea jones, Melville D Plaistow, N. H. 

P. H. Tibbetts, 1st Lieut. . .Charlestown Kilborn, Albert Salisbury, N. H. 

John W. Rose, 2nd Lieut Boston Kilham, George W Charlestown 

Hannibal D. Norton, 3d Lieut. .Chelsea ]"^^^' ^^l^'^f"^„.^ 

Lane, Frank \\ 

Geo. H. Marden, Jr., 4th Lt . Charlestown Leslie, Albert S Woburn 

^, „ ^^ , . ^ Lincoln, Joshua W Charlestown 

Thomas F. Howard, 1st Sergt Lord Charles L 

Charles W. Strout, Sergt Dedhani McCloud John 

James H. Rose, Sergt So. Boston Mclntire! John" C. ■.'.■.'.■.'.'.'.'.'.'.■.'.'. Boston 

Charles P. uhittle. Sergt . .Charlestown Miller Eueene J 

Samuel E. Holbrook, Jr., Corp Morrison, Daniel P." .' .' .' .' .' .' .' .' .'Cambridge 

Henry W. Copps Corp Boston .^^chols, Charles H Salisbury, N H. 

Joseph J. Bel, Corp Norton, George Boston 

Valentine ^\allburg, Corp. Somerville oakman, Winslow S Charlestown 

George Oakley, Musician. . .Charlestown Peeler Albert 

Ash William G Penney, Charles H Boston 

Blood Hiram Peiiiam, Albion B. . . .No. Belgrade, Me. 

Branch, Hiram ' R .' ." ." .' .' .' '. '. '. '. '.'.'.'.'.'. '. '. '. .' .' P* ^ff , Francis W Boston 

Chamberlin. John H P^'^tt, John M Charlestown 

Chase. Charles L Quinn, Maurice F Townsend 

Chell Geoi-oe Reed, Freeman H Chelsea 

Cheslvn Richard W Richardson, Alvah Townsend 

Clark John W .......! Robertson, John So. Boston 

Clark! Stephen M ............. . Boston Rowe, Charles A 

Cobleigh, Charles C Townsend Selvey, W illiam 

Colburn, Charles F Charlestown Smith, Lewis Charlestown 

Conner, Thomas Boston Stone, Horace P., Jr 

Craig, Thomas F Sullivan, Humphrey, Jr 

Cross, George W Charlestown Wade, James P Chelsea 

Davis Charles L White, William H Charlestown 

Davis,' George w'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. Willan, Thomas 

Davis, George W. G Worthen, Harvey R Boston 

Dean. John So. Boston Wotton, Bernard 

Dickev, Neal S Deering, N. H. Yendley, Joseph B 

Dovle, William J Charlestown ^ol^^r, George H Charlestow- 

134 Minute Men oe '61 

Company D, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Haverhill l,i.«:ht Infantry) 

Organized in 1853. Known as Com- Dodge, Orrison J Haverhill 

pany G in the Seventh Regiment; de- Edwards, Nathaniel M 

tailed from it April 19, and annexed to Ellison, Horace Exeter, N. H. 

the Fifth. Their orders were received Emerson, Edward H Haverhill 

at noon, April 19, 1861, and as they had Fogg, George F 

been di illing daily they were ready to Poster, George B 

rush to the rescue of Washington and Fowler, Samuel W 

their country, and they left the same Frost, James 

day at five p.m. Gould, Albert H Haverhill 

Gould, Royal D 

Carlos P. Messer, Capt Haverhill G.eenleaf, Mathew N. . . .Exeter. N. H. 

George J. Dean, 1st Lieut ^^^^j^^^^ Franklin A Haverhill 

Daniel F. Smith, 2d Lieut ^^^^^^^ j^^^^^^^ j^. 

Charles H. P. Palmer, 3d Lieut tt n> i c 

Hersum, Greenleaf 

Thomas T. Salter, 4th Lieut tt i Tr t-i 

' Holmes, Varnum E 

John J. Thompson, 1st Sergt Jackson, Hiram H 

Geoi-ge W. Edwards, Sergt Judge, Charles W 

James M. Palmer, Sergt Kaler, Cornelius Bradford 

John P. Mills, Sergt Bradford Keif, Thomas Haverhill 

William Salter, Corp Haverhill Kiei-nan, Frank T 

George W. Wallace, Corp Knowles, Charles K 

Van Buren Hoyt, Corp Livingston Murray V 

^ . , ^ ^ Meserve, Ebenezer 

Daniel J. Haynes, Corp Mills, Charles E Bradford 

John E. Mills, Musician Bradford Mills, William W 

Leonard Sawyer, Jr., Mus Haverhill Murch, Charles Haverhill 

Orlando S. Wright, Musician ^°^®^\ H^^^ ^, 

Osgood, Joseph H 

Bickford, Eben B Parmelee. Henry H 

Bowen, Charles Pecker, John B 

i,_, , T Ti Phill)rook, David T 

Bromley, Lyman P Pl^illj^,^ l^eonavd W Bradford 

Bromley, Orrin B Ray, Albert F Haverhill 

Burnham, Charles Richards. J. Fitz 

Bus well, George P Alton Bay N H Rogeis. Tristum G Bradford 

Cn^waii Tr.c:or^Tl A TLr„' \-i, Shaw, Jaiiies A HavorhiU 

Caswell, Joseph A Haverhill gh^j^^^ ^lonzo M 

Chandler, Samuel A Bridgewater Smith, Henry J 

Colby, John, Jr Haverhill Smith, Nahum F 

Coles, Thomas J. . Stanley, Harrison 

Collins, Enos .'.".'.'.' Me thuen |!^^'^' ^""^^ J^ 

*^"'"*^'^ Stimpson, John F 

Collins, Hiram S Haverhill stowe. Andrew F. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.".'." 

Cook, William P Taylor, Henry 

Davis, Stephen H Tuttle, Hiram O Effingham, N. H. 

Dawson Frank Watkins, Charles S Groveland 

T^r^Acr^ 'n ^ o Webber, Wellington B 

Dodge, George S Boxford Wyman, George P Haverhill 

Minute Men of '61 135 

Company E, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(I/iwreuce Light Guard) 

Organized February, 1851. The call Dede, Herman 

for this gallant corps to aid in the de- Dow, Albert F 

fence of the Union met a hearty re- Duckrell, William J Chelsea 

sponse from all its members. Upon Fames, John H Medford 

their leaving home, April 19, 1861, an Emerson, William B. F. .W. Cambridge 

impressive prayer was offered by Rev. Fletcher, Joel M Medford 

Mr. Ames, and several hundred citizens Fletcher, Stephen W 

escorted them to Boston. Fowler, Stephen D Chelsea 

, , ,, , ^. ^ ^ ^r If ^ Ginn, James F Medford 

John Hutchms, Capt Medfora „ ,, 

John G. Chambers, 1st Lieut Hadley, Charles K 

Perry S. Coleman, 2d Lieut Haskell, Alfred 

William H. Pattee, 3d Lt. W. Cambridge Hawkins, Henry M Boston 

Isaac F. R. Hosea. 1st Sergt. . . .Medford Holman, Herbert A Medford 

Samuel M. Stevens, Sergt Hoyt, Jonn H 

James A. Bailey, Sergt.. .W. Cambridge Ireland, Henry A 

William H. Lawrence, Sergt Jacobs, Henry B 

Sanford Booker, Corp Medford Keene, Lewis H 

William J. Crooker. Corp Kuhn, Charles H Boston 

Benjamin Moore. Corp Lawrence, Lemuel P 

Luther F. Brooks, Corp Lewis, Augustus B :\ledford 

Richard Pitts, Musician .Alexandria, Va. Loiing, Freeman 

Lord, Louis O 

Alden, William F Medford Manning, James Boston 

Aldridge, William H. H Boston Mills. Palemon C Watertown 

Austin, Ebenezer V Randolph Morrison Isaac T l^^^l^'l^. 

^ . '^ ^. ^r T^ ^ , -1 Palmer, Edward J Roxbury 

Barn, Martm V. B Cambridge ^^^^ George E Medford 

Benham, Daniel Medfoid Pearsons, Jonas M Newton 

Bisbee, Horatio, Jr Pierce, Elisha N Medford 

Bishop, John Prouty, William L 

r, . r^ T^ Ramsdell, Emery W 

Booker, George D ^^^^ j^^^^^.y p 

Braden, Angus Richards, Manville F 

Bragdon, Stephen M. . . .Kingston, N. H. Richardson, Caleb T 

Burbank. William H Medford Robertson. Edwin H H^'"}^™ 

„ T 1 -D Russell, Charles Medford 

Carr, John P Russell, Hubbard, Jr Maiden 

Carr, Royal S Sawyer. George Medford 

Cheney, Daniel S Sherman, Gilbert B 

Clapp, Meletiah, O Smith, Jones L Woburn 

^ . e-^ Smith, Joseph Medford 

Currier, Sidney ^ ' ^ ^ tt 

' Tavlor, James H 

Curtis, Frank J T^gj George E 

Gushing, Henry H. D Thorpe, Alfred M W. Cambridge 

Gushing, Pvam, Jr Tufts, Augustus Medford 

Dane, William H Tupper, George F. .Chelsea 

Turner, James H. R Medford 

Davis, Joseph Turner, Samuel H 

Davis, William L Usher, James F 


Minute Men of '61 

Compan}^ F, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of ^61 

(Wardwell Tigers) 

Captain David W. Wardwell received 
permission from the Governor April 16, 
1861, to raise a company for the three 
months' service, and very soon reported 
his company ready for active duty. Be- 
fore the Fifth Regiment left for the seat 
of war it was decided to add this com- 
pany, then known as the Boston Volun- 

David K. Wardwell. Captain. .. .Boston 

Jacob H. Sleeper, 1st Lieut 

George G., Stoddard, Lieut. . .Brookline 

Horatio X. Holbrook. Lieut Boston 

Horatio N. Holbrook, Liept Boston 

F. K. Field, First Sergt Northfield 

James W. R. Hill, Sergt Boston 

Calvin S. Mixter, Sergt 

D. J. Wardwell, Sergt Stoneham 

Charles W. Cossebourne. Sergt. .Boston 

Samuel Richards, Corp Stoneham 

Solomon Low, Corp Boston 

Samuel W. Tuck, Corp 

Stephen Brendel, Corp 

William S. Bean, Musician. . .Stoneham 
James H. Newhall, Musician. .. .Lowell 

Beal, James A Stoneham 

Brady, John G Lowell 

Coleman, Lewis E. J Boston 

Connolly Hugh Stoneham 

Cook, John Boston 

Courtenay, Daniel J 

Crowley, Daniel 

Danforth, Joseph C 

Dodge, Charles S Stoneham 

Dodge, John S Boston 

Emerson, Albert O Stoneham 

Ferguson, David Boston 

Fitzpatrick, Daniel 

Foley, Patrick W Stoneham 

Ford, Henry W Boston 

Forest, Moses Stoneham 

Gaitley, Patrick 

Gile, Pliinando N Botson 

Gorham, Charles E 

Hettler, Thomas 

Hanham, William C 

Harvey, James A 

Hatch, Edward K 

Healey, Patrick C 

Hill, Joseph C 

Hoyt, David W Amesbury 

Lamos, Charles T Boston 

Leighton, Neraiah 

Low% Isaac M 

May, William O 

McDevitt, William 

McSweeney, Bernard Cambridge 

Mooney, James Stoneham 

Morris, George O Boston. 

Morse, George E 

Nichols, Robert F 

O'Hara, Stephen Stoneham 

Richardson, William H 

Reed, James H Charlestown 

Riley. Hugh F Boston 

Roby, George W Lowell 

Rogers, James Boston 

Ryan, William P 

Schneider, Jacob Roxbury 

Smith, Sanford A Stoneham 

Snow, Henry Boston 

Spinney, Robert M 

Stetson, JosepJi 

Stewart, Charles W 

Taylor. Owen W Marlboro 

Wallace, Henry D .Stoneham 

Warren, Joseph G Charlestown 

Warren, Thomas A Boston 

Wardwell, Cyrus T Stoneham 

White, Wallace B Boston 

Wiggin, Isaac H 

Wilson, William H 

Williams, Edward J Roxbury 

Yeager, Charles H Boston 

Minute Men of '61 


Company G, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Concord Artillary) 

Incorporated February, 1804. Orders 
were received long before light on the 
19th of April, 1861, to report on Boston 
Common, and at noon that day they left 
Concord. They left Boston on the 21st, 
and sailed the next morning from New 
York for Annapolis, and from there 
marched to Washington. 

George L. Prescott, Capt Concord 

Joseph Derby, Jr., 1st Lieut 

Humphrey H. Buttrick, 2d Lieut 

Charles Bov>^ers, 3d Lieut 

George F. Hall, Sergt 

George W. Lauriat, Sergt 

William S. Rice, Sergt 

Cyrus Hosmer, Sergt 

Stephen H. Reynolds, Corp 

Francis M. Gregory, Corp 

George Buttrick, Corp 

Samuel S. Wood, Corp 

Bates, William C Boston 

Ball, George H Concord 

Ball, Warren B 

Bowers, William 

Brown, Azro D 

Brown, John, 2d 

Brown, William A 

Brackett, Edward J Waltham 

Buttrick, Fi-ancis Concord 

Carter, James W 

Clapp, William M 

Clark, Richard R 

Cormick, Peter, Jr Woburn 

Dal ton, Jeremiah, Jr Braintree 

Dean, Joseph G Concord 

Deering, Eugene M Lincoln 

Doyle, Thomas Concord 

Farmer, Henry 

Farrar, Levi B 

Fitzpatrick, Francis F Boston 

Garty, James Concord 

Goodwin, .Tames W Woburn 

Gray, William B Acton 

Hatch, David G Waltham 

Heald, Timothy F Concord 

Hooper, Thomas M Woburn 

Horey, Mason M 

Jeffords, Jonathan F 

Johnson, Albert N Concord 

Johnson, Charles A Waltham 

Johnson, Henry Concord 

Lea the, Josiah, Jr Woburn 

Livingston, Benjamin T 

Loring, Benjamin J,. Jr Weymouth 

Lyons, John E Lunenburg 

Maxfield, John M Woburn 

Melvin, Asa Concord 

Messer, George E 

Mulliken, Chas. F 

Nealey, Charles 

Osborne, Ira .J Ashby 

Pemberton, Robert Woburn 

Phelps, Edward F Concord 

Puffer, Charles 

Puffer, John S 

Reynolds, Edward W 

Rogers, John S Woburn 

Robbins, Elbridge, Jr Concord 

Robbins, Joseph N 

Sampson, Lewis T 

Sherman, George E Lincoln 

Smith, John W Woburn 

Souther, George G Quincy 

Stevenson. Thomas G Carlisle 

Taylor, Warren F Woburn 

Tidd, John E 

Ware. George Boston 

Warland. Thomas F Woburn 

Watts, Horatio C Concord 

Webb, Edward F Weymouth 

Wellington. Lowell, Jr Waltham 

Wheeler, Caleb H Concord 

Wheeler, Joseph Lincoln 

Whitney. George T Harvard 

Whittier, William P. .Sanbornton, N. H. 

Wheeler, Edward S 

Wheeler, Henry L 

Winn. Joseph E 

Wright, Eugene 

Wyman, Joseph S Woburn 


Minute Men of '61 

Company H, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Salem Cit\' f'.uards) 

Organized Noember, 1846. An order 
came at one p.m., April 19, 1861, for the 
company to report themselves on Bos- 
ton Common at four p.m., but for some 
cause they were unable to leave Salem 
until the next day, Saturday, the 20th, 
at nine a.m., and on arrival in Boston 
went direct to Faneuil Hall. 

Henry F. Danforth, Capt Salem 

Kirk Stark, 1st Lieut .So. Danvers 

William F. Sumner, 2d Lieut 

George H. Wiley, 3d Lieut 

John E. Stone, 4th Lieut 

George S. Peach, 1st Sergt Salem 

Benjamin F. Pickering, Sergt 

John Pollock, Sei'gt 

Joseph B. May, Sergt 

John A. Sumner, Corpt....So. Danvers 

William Tobey, Corp 

Elbridge H. Guilford, Corp Salem 

Peter A. Ramsdell, Corp 

Joseph Anthony, Musician 

Burg, William R 

Beckford, William F Danvers 

Brown, George A Salem 

Bulger, James 

Chase, Charles W Danvers 

Clark, Edward A Salem 

Clark, Sylvester 

Dow, George W 

Eaton, Alpheus 

Edward, John L 

Estes, John C So. Danvers 

Farrell, William Salem 

Ferguson, Samuel A 

Gilford, David A Danvers 

Gilford, William F So. Danvers 

Grover, James, Jr Salem 

Hackett, Harrison 

Hart, George O So. Danvers 

Hibbard, Curtis A Salem 

Hines, John M Danvers 

Hoyt, John A Salem 

Jones, Samuel Gloucester 

Kehew, Francis A Salem 

Kehew, George Salem 

Kelley, Edward Danvers 

Kelley, James W So. Danvers 

Kelley, Thomas B 

Kimball, William L Salem 

Lee, John W So. Danvers 

Leach, Harris Salem 

Linehan, Dennis 

Lowe, James W Danvers 

Marshall, Charles G So. Danvers 

McDuffle, Hugh Salem 

McFarland, Charles 

Merrill, Henry O So. Danvers 

Millett, Benj. Hardy 

Murphy. Thomas G 

Parker, Oliver 

Parsons, Cyrus Salem 

Peach, William, Jr 

Peirce, David H So: Danvers 

Perkins, Joseph N Salem 

Quinn, John 

Richardson, Henry H Danversport 

Richardson, William H 

Riggs, Edgar M 

Shanley, William Salem 

Teague, William H 

Thompson, John N Danvers 

Thompson, George A Salem 

Trask, Henry 

Very, Herbert W Danvers 

Webster, George 

White, Henry F Salem 

White, Thomas 

Wiley, Samuel So. Danvers 

Williams, Samuel W 

Williams, William D Salem 

Wilson, Jacob H 

Minute Men of '61 


Company I, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Somerville Light Infantry 

In 1853 the Somerville Light Infan- 
try was organized under command of 
Capt. George O. Brastow, succeeded in 
1854 by Capt. Francis Tufts. In 1859 
Captain Brastow again assumed com- 
mand. Tiie company's armory and drill 
room was at first in Franklin Hall, 
which on Sundays was used as a church. 
The hall was in Union square, at the 
junction of Somerville avenue and 
Washington street. It was owned by 
Mr. Robert Vinal and has since been 
destroyed by fire. Upon the completion 
of the new brick engine house at the 
corner of Washington and Prospect 
streets, its armory was transferred to 
that building. 

The Somerville Light Infantry, at this 
time, was attracted to the Fifth Regi- 
ment as Company B; at the commence- 
ment of the war in 1861 becoming 
Company I. The honorable record of 
this organization in the Civil War is 
well known to all. 

George O. Brastow, Capt. .. .Somerville 

William E. Robinson, First Lieut 

Frederick R. Kingsley, Second Lieut... 

Walter C. Bailey, First Sergt 

John Harrington, Sergt 

William R. Corlew, Sergt 

John C. Watson, Sergt 

Henry H. Robinson, Corp 

James E. Paul, Corp 

Isaac Barker, Jr., Corp 

William T. Eustis, Third Corp.. Boston 
Sidney S. Whiting, Musician 

Adams, Albion Somerville 

Adams, John 

Andrews, George H Charlestown 

Andrews, John B 

Andrews, Joseph H 

Atwood, Hawes Boston 

Bennett, Edwin C Somerville 

Binney, Henry M 

Bird, Warren A 

Bonner, Charles D 

Brackett, Edward 

Brown, William B. P Woburn 

Buckingliam, Lynde W Somerville 

Carr, William M Chelsea 

Caswell, Albert Somerville 

Crosby, Elkanah 

Davis, John E 

Eaton, William D Boston 

Emery, Edward C. T 

Eustis, Humphrey E 

Garland, Benjamin F Cambridge 

Gibson, William T 

Giles, John F Somerville 

Giles, Joseph J 

Glynn, Thomas Woburn 

Grandy, Henry E Andover 

Hannaford, Edward F Somerville 

Franklin Print SIX 

Hale, Joseph, Jr Somerville 

Hammond, Henry C 

Harris, George E 

Hodgdon, John K 

Hodgkins, George A. S. .. .Charlestown 

Hodsdon, Alfred Cambridge 

Hopkins, James R Somerville 

Howe, Pliny R 

Hyde, Richard J 

Jenkins, Horatio, Jr Chelsea 

Johnson, Joseph Woburn 

Kilburn, Charles Lunenburg 

Kinsley, Willard C Somerville 

Moore, William F 

Mooney, Charles A Boston 

Nason, George W., Jr Franklin 

Nelson, N. Fletcher Somerville 

Oliver, Judson W 


MixuTic Men of '61 

Paine, Joseph W 

Parker, Joseph A., Jr Woburn 

Parker, Joseph TI 

Parker, Warren F 

Parsons, Oscar 

Powers, Charles H Somerville 

Quimby, Charles C 

Rogers, Oliver W Woburn 

Schillinger, Benjamin F Charlestown 

Shaw, William E Portland, Me 

Shattuck. Lucius H. Marlboro 

Simonds, Nathan A Somerville 

Sweeney, Charles H 

Van de Sande, John 

Walker, Edward M 

Wallace, Kinsley 

Watson, William W 

Westcott, Eugene Woburn 

Whitconib, George F Somerville 

Wyman, Luther F Woburn 

Wyei-, Edwin F 

Young, Joseph F Somerville 


Minute Men of '61 


Company K, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of ^61 

(Chai-Iestowii Citj- Guards) 

Organized in 1850. At tlie call of the 
President of the United States for 
troops in April, 1861, the company im- 
mediately commenced drilling and were 
ready to respond promptly to the call. 
April 17 they received orders and left 
for Boston to join their Regiment, where 
they remained until Sunday morning, 
the 21st, when they left for Washington. 

John T. Boyd, Capt Charlestowp. 

John B. Norton, Capt 

John B. Norton, First Lieut 

Caleb Drew, First Lieut .._.^ 

Walter Everett, Second Lieut 

Albert Prescott, First Sergt ' 

Daniel W. Davis, Sergt 

Samuel A. Wright, Sergt 

George A. Bird. Sergt 

William W. Davis, Corp 

Enoch J. Clark, Corp 

Joseph Boyd, Corp 

George F. Brackett, Coip 

J. Newton Breed, Musician 

Abbott. Charles H Cambridge 

Ames, William S Charlestown 

Angler, Henry A 

Babcock, Converse A 

Bailey, Andrew J 

Bailey, Charles H 

Beddoe, Thomas 

Bent, William H 

Blunt, George 

Boyd, William 

Brown, Robert F Maiden 

Brown, John H Charlestown 

Brown, Warren S 

Burckes, Thomas J 

Butters, Frank B Lexington 

Butts, Joseph W Charlestown 

Carr, John C 

Chandler, Samuel E Lexington 

Childs, George T Charlestown 

Churchill, James K 

Clark, Joseph H 

Clark, Joseph H, 2d 

Ccok, Jacob B 

Davis, Edward K 

Davis, Benjamin 

Davis, Marcus M 

Davis; Obed R 

Dearbor:^^ Dariiel H 

Devereaux,, George N 

Dow, James A 

Drew, Bartlett S 

Fish, Sumner 

Ferrier, William A 

Floyd, David O 

Frothingham, Frank E 

Frothingham, John B 

Harding, Wilbur F 

Higgins, Henry W 

Hilton, Amos S 

Holmes, P. Marion 

Kehoe, George H E. Cambridge 

Lane, Charles D. W Charlestown 

Loring, John H 

Merrill, Alfred K 

Melvin, William W Lexington 

Moulton, Joseph, Jr Charlestown 

Newhall, Richard H 

Nichols, George 

Niles, Thomas 

Palmer, Lloyd G 

Patten, George W 

Perkins. Cnarles F 

Quigley, Joseph 

Ramsay, Royal Lexington 

Raymond, Charles H Charlestown 

Richards, Charles F Boston 

Sheppard, Louis J 

Simpson, James W Charlestown 

Thayer, Ignatius E 

Thompson, George W Boston 

Tibbetts, Albion W 

White. Eben Xewtou 

Minute Men of '61 

J. 1''ra.nk OiLKS, East vSaiidwich, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company I. Fifth Massachusetts Reiriment, Sersjeant-Major First Heavy Artillery 

1861 J. Frank Giles 1910 

Rnlisted April 19, 1861, in Company I, Fifth Re.oinient Massachusetts Volunteers, 
Minute Men of '61. 

Again enli.sted March 7, 1862, in Company L, First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 
for three years, as Commissary vSergeant. Re-enlisted March 10, 1864. 

Appointed vSergeant-Major of Regiment in 1863, and served as Brigade Sergeant- 
Major until May, 1864. 

Wounded May 19, 1864, at Spottsylvania. Discharged for disability June 27, 1865. 

Minute Men of '61 


Sami'el C. I,awrkxcp; 

Minute Men of '61 

Fifth Massachusetts Regimeut 

On account of his large business interests 
and his reputation as a financier, Honor- 
al)le Samuel Crocker Ivawrence is the most 
widely known of all the citizens of Medford. 

With the exception of a few }ears when 
business called him to the middle west, 
this city has 1:)een his home. He was born 
in the "old brick block" in Medford 
Square, Novemljer 11, 1832, the son of 
Daniel and Elizabeth (Crocker) Lawrence. 
His father was a native of Tyngsborough, 
IVIass., and his mother of York, Maine. 

His ancestry may be traced back through 
numerous generations to the English 
famih- of Ivawrence in the twelfth centur3\ 
His early education was obtained in the 
Medford schools. He finished the course 
at the High School in 1847, being in the 
first class which graduated under the 
tuition of Mr. Charles Cummin, s. He 
fitted for Harvard at Lawrence Academ}', 
Groton, and completed his course at the 
University in 1855. He received the de- 
gree of A. M., in 1858. 


Minute Men oe '61 

After three years of success in Chicag-o, 
as a member of the firm of Bigelow & 
Lawrence, bankers, he returned, in 1858, 
to engage in business wth his father and 
brother under the firm name of Daniel 
Lawrence & Sons, and since 1867 he has 
been the sole proprietor. 

April 28, 1859, he married in Charles- 
town, IMiss Carrie Rebecca, daughter of 
Rev. William and Rebecca Badger of Wil- 
ton, Maine. 

In 1854, Mt. Hermon Lodge, F. and A. 
M., was formed in Medford and Mr. 
Lawrence became a charter member, hav- 
ing taken his degrees in Hiram Lodge of 
West Cambridge. He became a member 
of :\Iystic Royal Arch Chapter of Medford 
at its institution in 1863, and of Boston 
Commandery in 1858 ; from all of these 
organizations he received highest honors. 
In 1866 he was invested with the thirty- 
third degree in Masonry, and, after filling 
man}- high offices of trust in the institution, 
is now Lieutenant Grand Commander of 
the Supreme Council, thirty-third degree, 
Northern Jurisdiction. 

His interest in military affairs began 
simultaneously with his connection with 
Masonry. In 1855 he was Third Lieuten- 
ant in the Lawrence Light Guard ( Com- 
pany E, Fifth Infantry), named in honor 
of his father, and soon rose to the rank of 
Captain. Later, he was commissioned 
Colonel of the Fifth Massachusetts. 

At the outbreak of the Civil War he im- 
mediately went into active service for three 
months, and was wounded at the first 
battle of Bull Run. He was commissioned 
Brigadier-General of the State Militia in 
June 1862, and was honorably discharged 
in August, 1864. He is a member of the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company 
and was its commander in 1869. 

In 1875, when the Eastern Railroad 
Company was on the verge of bankruptcy, 
through his able management it was placed 
on a sound financial basis, and a few years 
later united with the Boston & Maine sys- 
tem. He has been a director of the joint 
corporation until the present time, and 
since 1893 has l)een a member of the execu- 
tive Ijoard. 

He was, during the successful reorgani- 
zation of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa 
Fe Railroad Company, a director of that 

Never hasty in liis judgments, giving 
even minor details careful consideration, 
he deserves the reputation which causes 
his advice to l)c sought in the administra- 
tion of railroads with which he is not 
activel)' identified. 

Although by no means a politician, the 
opinions of General Lawrence in town 
affairs have for years had weight with his 
fellow citizens. 

The pulilic offices which he held previous 
to the incorporation of the city were those 
recjuiring good judgment and knowledge 
of finance, but not those which brought 
him before the pul^lic generally. 

He was appointed trustee of the public 
library in 1868, and a commissioner of 
sinking funds in 1878 ; he has since held 
the position of chairman in both bodies 
during his whole term of service. 

When Medford became a city, General 
Lawrence was the choice of the people for 
Mayor, and setting aside personal prefer- 
ences, he accepted the office and brought 
to the service of his native town the finan- 
cial and executive ability of an experienced, 
broad-minded and large-hearted business 
man. His term of office was marked by 
harmony and phenomenal progress in 
municipal affairs. His refusal to serve a 
second term was received with universal 

General Lawrence has been for many 
vears a collector of books, and he owns 
what is probably the best Masonic library 
in the world. He has also a large col- 
lection of local and militar}- histories, 
which is extremely valuable. In the 
various rooms of the Armory he has hung 
many pictures, representing a great variety 
of subjects, paintings, engravings and 
prints, many of which are very rare. 

The Medford Pul^lic Library is his debtor 
for many liooks which make it much more 
valuable to the city than it could be with 
the means at its disposal from the public 

The grand tracts of woodland, owned, 
protected and preserved by General 
Lawrence testify to his love of nature, and 
to his desire that those who live in less 
favored districts may find iipon his lands 
the pleasures and benefits of the open 
country and the forest. His estate is a 
beautiful gateway to the Fells. 

Quiet, retiring, not given to ostentation, 
he enjoys with his -wife, his children and 
grandchildren his greatest happiness, but 
never forgets those of our institutions that 
honestly and courageously are trying to 
niake the best of themselves. 

His interest in the Lawrence Light 
Cyuard, the erection of the Armory in mem- 
ory of his father, and the many conven- 
iences and IvTxuries which he has given to 
the Company are better known than his 
other philanthropic acts, but they are only 
the index of many good deeds which have 
helped the town of his birth and his fellow 
citizens, and which will live after him in 
the hearts of high and low, rich and poor. 

Minute Men of '61 


General John B. Fuothingham, Brooklyn. X. Y. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company K, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment 

Member of Charlestown City ("uard 
Fifth Massachusetts \'olunteer Militia; 
joined in 185S, and served with the com- 
pany in the three months' service under 
the Srst call of President Lincoln, April, 
1861; under General McDowell, in the first 
battle at Bull Run. 

Knlisted in the National C.uard State cf 
New^ York, December 3, 1869, as a meinljer 
of Company D, Twenty-Third Regiment. 
Corporal, March 4. 1H70; Ser.i^cant, Janu- 
ary 3, 1872; Adjutant of the Twenty-Third 
Regiment. April 6, 1874; Major, January 
10," 1880; Lieutenant-Colonei, April 11, 
1881; commissioned as Brevet Colonel, 
January 11, 1883. IVIeml er of the Regi- 

mental Rifle team twelve years and Cap- 
tain of it three yeai s. 

Assistant Adjtitant General Third Bri- 
gade National Guard, State of New York, 
March 31, 1886; Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral Second Brigade National Guard, State 
of New York, September 31, 1886. (This 
latter as a result of reorganization ). Com- 
missioned Brevet Brigadier General, Feb- 
ruary 15. 1899. 

Retired May 8, 1900. Now residing in 
Brooklyn, N. Y. President of \'eteran 
Association, Twenty-Third Regiment from 
January, 1901, to present time. His ances- 
tors were active participants in the Revolu- 
tionarv War and in the war of 1812. 


Minute Men of '61 

James H. Griggs. Sonierville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company ]?, Fifth Mnssachu.sett.s Regiment 

JaiiK'S II. (;ri.t;xs was liorn in Dedliam,, in 1838. 

He enlisted in April, 1861, in Company 
15, Fifth Massachusetts ^"olunteer Militia', 
and served with that Regiment during- the 
tliret' months' campaign. At the battle of 
l?'dl Run, July 21, 1861, was wounded 
by the enemy and for the next eleven 
months was in the prisons of Ul)by, Tus- 
caloosa and Salisbury, fpon his return, 
he enlisted in Company D, Thirty-Third 
Massachusttts A'olunteers, and was dis- 
charged in M.irch, 1863, bv reason of dis- 
alnlity from wounds. In January, 1864 
joined tlie Thiit' Ninth T'nite(i ' State.s 
Cavalry Tr(,ops, with whicli command he 

served during the campaign of Petersburg, 
in the Army of the James, and was with 
the command during the entire service of 
the Eighteenth Army Corps, in the siege 
of Richmond, until the command was .sent 
to North Carolina, in the late autumn of 
1<S64. Participated in both of the attacks 
on Fort Fisher, and continued in the ser- 
vice in North Carolina after the close of 
the war, for many months. On duty at 
Wilmington, Croldsboro, Roanoke I.sland, 
Fort Macon, Morehead Cit}- and Fort 
Fisher until the muster out of his Regi- 
ment in the late fall of 1867. Is now a 
resident of Sonierville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 


Ai, \ i-N R. 1;aii,\ 

Minute Men of '61 

Fifth Massachusetts Resriment 

Alvin R. Eailey was born in Charles- 
town, February 13, 1846, and moved to 
Somerville in 184S and was educated in 
the Somerville schools. 

His father was a Minute ^lan in 1812, 
^nd his brother, Charles H. Bailey, served 
in Company H, Fifth, and his cousin, 
Walter C. Bailey, was a Sergeant in Com- 
pany I and First Lieutenant of Company 
B, in the same Regiment. He served in 
Company B of the P'ifth and since the war 
has spent most of his life in business in 
Boston. He served as President of the 
Regimental Association in 1907 and 1908 
and has served as Treasurer since June, 
1904. He is a member of .'\I)raham T.,in- 

coln Post Xoll, G-A-R, having joined it 
in June, 1868, served as Adjutant many 
years and was Commander in 1887. He 
served on the staff of Department Com- 
mander Billings and Connnanders-in-Chief 
Warner and Alger. He is a member of 
the Civic Club, H nnewell Chib, Monday 
Evening Club Fight O'clock Club and 
I'nitarian Club of Newton, the Unitarian 
Club, Appalachian IMoitntain Clul) and 
(irand Army Club of Boston. Is a mem- 
ber of the Sons of the American Revolu- 
tion and National Officers Association of 
the G-A-R. He is at present treasurer of 
the Franklin Mining Company and other 


Minute Men of '61 

Joseph J. Giles, vSomerville, Masp. 

Minute Men of "61 

Ciinii an\- I, Fifth Massachusetts Rejfiment 

Joseph J. Ciles was liorn in vSonierville, 
IMass., March 24, 1.S42, he being the first 
child horn in Sonierville after it was set 
apart from Charlestown. He was educated 
in the public schools of his native town. 
In early life, he served three vears' appren- 
tice to Joseph V. Twoniblv, learning the painting trade. He'left the bench 
in April, 1861, and enlisted for three 
months in Company I, Fifth Massachusetts 
Volunteers, under Captain C>eorge O. 
Brastow, and participated in the first Imt- 
tle of Bull Run. At the expiration of this 
service he returned home, and in 1862 he 
assisted in recruiting fir three years, the 
Sonierville (Uiard, of which he was com- 

missioned its First Lieutenant. The Com- 
pany liecame Company E, of the Thirty- 
Ninth Mas.sachusetts Volunteers, and did 
valiant service. In 1863 Mr. (Hies was 
appointed Aide-de-Camp to the Military 
(jovernor at Washington, Brigadier-Gen- 
eral John H. Martindale, which position 
he held for eleven months, he being the 
onlv volunteer officer on a regular army 
staff. Mr. ( Tiles represented his district 
in the in 1891 and 1892, and 
w-as on important committees. Mr. Giles 
is one of the leading real estate brokers in 
Somerville, which bu.siness he has carried 
on since 1875. 

Mtnt-TK Mk>- r p 'C-l 


Jl'DSON W. Oliver, Somerville. Mass. 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. I. Fifth Mass. Sergft. Co. E. -Wth Mass. \'ols. 

Judson W. Oliver, Company I, Fifth 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, three 
months' service. Sergeant Company E, 
■Thirt3--Ninth Massachusetts Volunteers, 

was prisoner at Belle Lsle and Liljl^y for 
six months. Mustered out at close of war. 
Died April 7, 1908. 


Minute Me.v of '61 

Calvin S. Mixter. Maiden, ]V[ass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F. 5th Regt. Co. B. 22d Mass. 1st I,t. and Ad,it. 37th Regt, U. S. C. T. 

Calvin S. Mixter responded to the call 
■of President Lincoln for seventj'-five thou- 
sand men, and promptly enlisted in a com- 
pany of volunteers raised by Captain David 
K. Wardwell and others, designated as 
Company F, and attached to the Fifth 
Regiment, M.V.M., commanded by Colo- 
nel Samtiel C. Lawrence. He served 
therein all the engagements in which the- 
Regiment participated., and was mustered 
out and honorably discharged at expira- 
ition'of term of service July 31, 1861. 

September 3, 1861, he re-enlisted in 
Company B, Twenty-Second Regiment 
Massachitsetts Volunteer Infantry, and 
was mustered out Januarj' 21, 1864, to 
accept the appointment of First Lieuten- 
ant and Adjutant of the Thirty-vSeventh 
Regiment United States Colored Troops, 
and served therein tintil Septemljer, 1864, 
when he contracted malarial fever and was 
sent to the hospital at Hampton, Va., 
where he was honorably discharged for 
disability December 6, 1864. 

Since then he has been emploj-ed b}- the 
government of the United States. 

Minute Men of '61 


Charles Raymond, Charlestown, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Company K Fifth Massachusetts Resriiuent 

Charles Raymond was born in Charles- 
town, Mass., mustered in May 1, 1861, in 
Company K, Fifth Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia for three months' term. Was 
at the battle of Bull Run. Discharged 
July 31, 1861. 

PvUlisted July 21, 1862, for three years in 
Company B, Thirty-Sixth Massachusetts 
Volunteers and was appointed Sergeant. 
Participated in the following engagements: 
Fredericksburg, Va., Vicksburg, Jackson, 
Campbell Station, Knoxville, Wilderness, 
Spottsylvania, North Anna and Cold Har- 
bor. vSeverely wounded at Cold Harbor, 

June 3, 1864. Discharged, July 31. 1864. 
Comrade Raymond is a Commander 
of Post Xo.'ll, G-A-R. Mr. Raymond's 
ancestors were active in all the early wars 
fought in this country. Both himself and 
wife being son and daughter of the Ameri- 
can Revolution. 

His ancestor, William Raymond, pri- 
vate, Captain Rossiter's Company of 
Minute Men, Colonel John Patterson's 
Regiment, which marched in response 
to the alarm of April 19, 1775. After- 
wards enlisted in Continental Army, 
was stationed in Fort No. 3, in Charles- 
town, during siege of Boston. 


MiNu:n: Men of '61 

Lieutenant El'sha N. Peirce, President 
Minute Men of '61 

LieutL-naiit Elislia Nye Peirce of W'al- 
tham, Fourteenth President of Massachn- 
setts Minute Men of '61, born in Medford, 
Mass., August 21, 1<S39. He is a direct 
descendant from John Pers,, an p;n,t^lish 
Puritan, who settled in Watertown, in 

On the first call for troops April 15, 1861, 
Private Elisha N. Peirce marched with the 
Miniite Men of '61 to the defence of 
Washington, in Company E, Fifth Regi- 
ment, M.V.M. This Regiment was 
attached to Franklin's Urigade, Heintz- 

elman's Division, and was the only 
Regiment of Massachusetts that was en- 
gaged in the first battle of Bull Run, 
fought July 22, 1861. 

After being mustered out here-enlisted 
with his entire Company in the Thirty- 
Ninth Massachusetts Volunteers. It is be- 
lieved that Company E, Fifth M.V.M. , is 
the only three months' company that re- 
enlisted as ati entire company into a three 
years' Regiment. Before the Twenty- 
Ninth left the state. Private Peirce was 
appointed a Lieutenant in a nine months' 

Minute Men of '61 


Company that was formed in Medford to 
take the place in the Fifth Regiment made 
vacant bj' Conipan}- E, going into the 

After a short service in the Fifth Regi- 
ment, he was transferred to the United 
States Signal Corps, in which he served 
until Januar}', 1865, when he was dis- 
charged on account of disability. 

Lieutenant Peirce served in the Tenth 

and P<ighteenth Army Corps, and in the 
States of Virginia, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, also on 
several gun-boats, as army signal officer 
to communicate with land forces, and was 
three times slightly wounded. 

He was s member of the Massachusetts 
Commandery of the Loyal Legion, and of 
the United States Veteran Signal Corps 
Association. He died October 30, 1904. 


With the Number of Interments in Bach, June 30th, 1895 

Name of Cemetery. 
Alexandria. l,a. 
Alexandria, Va. 
Andersonville, Ga. 
Annapolis, Md. 
Antietam, Md. 
Arlington. Ya. 
Ball's Bluff, Va. 
Barrancas, Fla. 
Baton Rouge, I,a. 
Battle Ground, D. C. 
Beaufort, S. C. 
Beverly, N.J. 
Brownsville, Tex. 
Camp Butler, 111. 
Camp Nelson, Ky. 
Cave Hill, Ky. 
Chalmette, I^a 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 
City Point, Va. 
Cold Harbor, Va. 
Corinth, Miss. 
Crown Hill, Ind. 
Culpepper, Va. 
Custer Battlefield, Mont. 
Cypress Hills, N. Y. 
Danville, Ky. 
Danville, Ya. 
Fayetteville, Ark. 
Finns Point, N. J. 
Florence, ,S. C. 
Fort Donelsou, Tenn. 
Fort Gibson, Ind. T. 
Fort Harrison, Ya. 
Fort L,eavenworth, Kans 
Fort McPher.son, Nebr. 
Fort Scott. Kans. 
Fort Smith, Ark. 
Fredericksburg, Va. 
Gettysburg, Pa. 


Known. Unknown. 






















































































































Name of Cemetery. 

Known. U 



Glendale, Va. 




Grafton. W. Ya. 




Hampton, Ya. 




Jefferson Barracks, Mo. 




Jefferson City, Mo. 




Keokuk, Iowa 




Knoxville, Tenn. 




I,ebanon, Ky. 




I,exington, Kv. 




I^ittle Rock, Ark. 




lyondon Park, Md. 




Marietta, Ga. 




Memphis, Tenn. 




Mexico City, Mex. 




Mill .Springs, Ky. 




Mobile, Ala. 




Mound City, 111. 




Nashville, Tenn. 




Natchez, Miss. 




New Alban5', Ind. 




New Berne, N. C. 




Philadelphia, Pa. 




Poplar Grove, Va. 




Port Hudson, L,a. 




Quincv, 111. 




Raliegh. N. C. 




Richmond, Ya. 




Rock Island, 111. 




Salisbury, N. C. 




San Antonio, Tex. 




San Franci-sco, Cal. 




Santa Fe, N. M. 




Seven Pines, Va. 




Shiloh, Tenn. 




Soldiers Home, D. C. 




Springfield. Mo. 




St. Augustine, Fla. 



Staunton. Va. 




Stone's River, Tenn. 




Vicksburg. Miss. 




Wilmington. N. C. 




Winchester, Va. 




Wood! awn, N. V. 




York town. Ya. 





183,946 150.507 334,453 

Of these interments, about 9,300 are those of 
Confederates, being mainly in the National Ceme- 
teries at Camp Butler, Cypress Hills, Finn's Point, 
Fort Smith, Hampton, Jefferson Barrack's and 

Minute Men of '61 

John Mackenzie 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment 

John MacKenzie, Company B, F'ifth 
Regiment, Minute Men of '61, was born 
in Prince Edward Island, in 1838, of Scotch 
parentage, his father Ijeing descended 
from the Applecross MacKenzies. Alex- 
ander MacKenzie. a direct ancestor of his 
father, was a L/ieutenant Colonel in the 
first MacKenzie Regiment and took part 
in the battle of Sherilfineer, 1715. 

Came to Boston in 1858, and engaged in 
business for himself. Joined the Massa- 

chusetts Volunteer Militia, and was a 
member of the Richardson Ivight Guards 
of vSouth Reading. During the winter of 
1859 and 1860 he got his first lessons in 
patriotism from old Dr. Kirk in the Ash- 
burton riace Church. He preached on 
the love of God and Country, so that 
when the call came, it found him ready to 
serve the land of his adoption. 

Will not dwell on the exciting time in 
Faneuil Hall, and that all-day trip to 


Minute Men of '61 


New York, and how the guests at the Le 
Farge House gave up their rooms to us 
while the boat was being prepared to 
carr}' us to Annapolis. There were many 
sea-sick going around Cape Hatteras. 
After a good deal of trouble at Annapolis, 
where we encountered the first signs of 
treason, we arrived in Washington, and 
were quartered in the Treasury- Building. 
There, I, as well as others, felt the warm 
clasp of the noble Lincoln hand, and 
heard his fervent, "God bless >'ou, my 
bo3S . ' ' 

After the gallant Ellsworth was mur- 
dered in Alexandria, the Fifth Regiment 
was made provost guard, and put the city 
under martial law. 

While not on dut}- guarding the city, 
we worked on Fort Ellsworth, and after a 
few W'Ceks of that kind of life, the order 
came to prepare for more active duty. 
We were given three dajs' rations, but 
my right hand man, Horace Warren, had 
no haversack, so he put what he could in 
his pockets, and I carried all I could in 
m\- haversack, and divided with him on 
the way. The consequence was that he 
and I, and man}' others suffered for food 
before the three da3'S had passed. 

I will now pass on to Sunday morning, 
July 21, that terrible day of the battle of 
Bull Run. Though we had been on our 
feet and readv for action since before day- 
light, the Fifth Regiment did not get on 
the field until about noon. We were 
marched into an open space, and down 
into a valley, while shot and shell flew 
thick and fast mostly over head. Then 
we went up a hill and commenced firing 
b}' company- front ; and as each compan}- 
fired, it parted into two platoons in the 
rear to load. Here m\' comrades, Griggs 
and FyUStis, were severely wounded, and 
I think it was here that Thomas Hetler 
was killed by a bullet in the brain. 

Then Ricket's Battery came along, and 
we were ordered to support it. We helped 
it through the Run which was more than 
knee deep, and up the hill into position 
to fire on the eneni}-, but just as the\- got 
ready to fire, they were opened on by a 
battery in the woods-, about two hundred 
jards away, which made fearful destruc- 

tion. Many of tlie men and horses were 
killed, and the battery came rolling down 
upon us and seemed to break up our 

I heard no command after tliat, ami it 
seemed as though each one did what he 
thought was best. I saw one poor fellow 
struggling in the stream, and assisting 
him to his feet, I saw that a piece of his 
skull, over his eyes hung out from his 
head, though the covering of the brain 
was not broken. I set the piece back into 
place and bound it there with an old 
handkerchief. Then with my help he 
could walk and tell me the Regiment to 
which he belonged, but I do not now re- 
member it. I took him to an old farm 
house which stood in a field a few 
hundred yards away. Here many dead 
and W'Ounded lay around the house and 
barn. We managed to get up the steps, 
and someone inside took him by the arm 
and helped him in, and I saw him no 
more. It did seem as if the enemy's fire 
was directed against that house, for 
bullets stuck in the wood-work around 
the door and windows, and flattened on 
the brick-work that the lower part of the 
house was composed of. 

Upon returning I could not find either 
mj' Company or Regiment, but found 
Horace Warren, my old chum. He was 
loading and firing away at the enemy on 
his own hook. The bullets flew so thick 
and fast around us, though, that after 
filling our canteens in the muddy stream, 
we left that part of the field to find our 
Regiment if possible. 

Passing through a grove on our right, I 
saw many dead and wounded confeiierates 
who had lain there since early morning. 
One of them with his leg shattered to 
pieces, raised his hand and begged me not 
to kill him. Such a thing was far from 
my mind. Then he begged for water. I 
handed him my canteen, and helped him 
to raise his head and shoulders, in a little 
while he drank nearly all of its muddy 

After that, we got into the road which 
was filled with all kinds of troops mi.xetl 
up with baggage wagons and even hacks 
with ladies and gentlemen in citizens 


Minute Men of '61 

clothes. Just ahead of us was a battery 
which I think was the one we helped in 
the early part of the day. It was now 
near night, and we were nearing a cross in 
the roads. A company of Confederate 
cavalry rushed out from the right and 
took the battery in less time than it takes 
to tell it, then galloped away to the right 
with it. 

About a mile further on we saw a farm 
house down in a field with a well sweep in 
the yard, and Warren said, "Ivet us go 
down and get some cold water." There 
wasn't a soul about the place and the well 
was deep ana had no bucket or rope. It 
was hard to see that nice cold water and 
not be able to get at it. Then we saw an 
old dairy, and as we did not expect to find 
an}' milk, we were surprised to see three 
pans standing on a shelf with thick cream 
on them . In fact they were as thick as 
pudding, but Warren ripped a shingle 
from the roof, split it in two, and we had 
a good feast. It was well we did for we 
had had nothing to eat since early morn- 
ing, and did not get an}' thing until 
eleven o'clock the next day. After we 
had eaten all we could, we got into the 
crowd again, until we came to a bridge 
near Centreville. This bridge was built 
over a deep gulley, in which there was a 
little water, and it had small rails on each 
side. It was so crowded with men and 

teams that the rails gave way and many 
were either killed or injured by falling^ 
about fifteen feet to the rocks and water 

It was about dark when we reached 
Centreville which we had left in the early 
morning. Here we found about half of 
my company, and I was so wrought up 
with all I had been through, and what I 
then supposed was the loss of the other 
half, that I was completely overcome, and 
went by myself and cried like a child. 
Sometime in the night I heard tlie order 
to fall in and march back to Alexandria. 
In a short time, however, we were all 
broken up again into a crowd, but Warren 
and I kept together. After what seemed 
a terrible journey, through fields and 
woods most of the time, we came out at 
the long bridge on the Potomac, and 
started back to meet our Regiment at 
Alexandria. We met them, or what was 
left of them, on the way and marched 
into Washington. From here we were 
sent north, as our time had expired before 
this, and were discharged on Boston 

I married soon after, and when the 
Regiment went again I wanted to go, but 
my girl wife coaxed me out of it, and 
when they went out the third time, I had 
"infantry" at home to take care of and 
could not go. 

Minute Men of '61 


COL. George W. Xa;.ox, Franklin, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
5tli Regt., Post 60. In.stallinK Officer 


No. 1403S0. 

Coinpik-d from Oflficial and Authentic 

Soiirces by the 

Soldiers and Sailors. 

Historical and Benevolent vSociety. 

In testimony whereof, I hereunto set my 

hand and cause to be affixed the seal of 

the Society. 
Done at Washington, D. C, this 24th 
day of September, a.d., 1906. 

M. Wai.lingsford, 
No. 140380. Historian. 

George Warrhn Nason, Jr., was the 
son of George W. Nason of Franklin, who 
married Peace Boyden Cook, daughter of 
Captain Abner Cook, and granddaughter of 
Captain Daniel Cook of Fall River, who, 
with his vessel, was employed in trans- 
porting munitions of war for General 
Washington's Army; and grandson of 
Jesse Nason of Franklin, and great- 
grandson of Willoughby Nason, the Revp- 
lutionary soldier of Walpole, Mass. The 
Revolutionary Archieves at the State House 
show that the said Willoughby Nason 
served four terms of enlistment in 1775- 
1776 and 1777 during the Revolutionary 

War, being promoted to Bombardier in 
Colonel Craft's Artillery Regiment. After 
peace was declared he returned to his farm 
in Walpole, following agricultural pursuits, 
where he died April 9, 1838. His wife, 
Mary, died at the home of her grandson, 
George ^\'., in the town of Franklin, May 
22, 1844. A beautiful granite monument 
in Rural Cemetery, Walpole, marks the 
place where the Revolutionary hero was 

ElyiB rprttftra that Georgic Warren 
Nason, Jr. E;nlisted from Franklin, Nor- 
folk County, Massachusetts, on the 15th 
day of April, 1861 to serve three months as 
a Private of Captain George O. Brastow's 
Compau}- I, Fifth Regiment Massachusetts 
Vohinteer Infantry, (IMinute Men of '61), 
Colonel Samuel C. Lawrence commanding. 
The Fifth Regiment of Massachusetts 
Infantr}-, at that time a militia organiza- 
tion, was not included among those re- 
ceiving the first call to arms after the Old 
Flag was fired upon, April 12, 1861, at Fort 
Sumter, but at a meeting held April 15, 1861, 
the day of President I^incoln's call for sev- 
enty-five thousand men for three months, 
the services of the command were offered 
to the Governor for that period, which 
offer was quickly accepted. On April 17, 
the command was instructed to hold itself 
in readiness for dut\ . It occupied F'aneuil 
Hall as its headquarters, where its organi- 
zation was completed with the following 
field officers, viz: — Samuel C. Ivawrence, 
Colonel; J. Durell Greene, Lieutenant- 
Colonel ; Hamlin W. Keyes, Major. On 
of April 21, 1861, the Regiment set out 
for Washington, D. C, moving by rail to 
New York; thence with Cook's First I\Iassa- 
chusetts Battery by steamers, ' ' DeSato ' ' 
and "Ariel' ' to Fortress Monroe and Annap- 
olis, where they assisted in saving "Old 
Ironsides," thence marching to Washing- 
ton, the Nation's Capital, about forty miles 
reaching that city in the early morning 
of April 26, where President Lincoln wel- 
comed them and clasped the hand of every 
member of the Regiment. Quarters were 
provided in the Treasury Iniilding. It was 
mustered into the United States service on 
May 1, 1861, and remained in the city for 
a month, performing guard duty at the 


Minute Men ok '51 

Treasury building, the President's House, 
and A\'ar Department, and perfecting itself 
in drill. On Maj- 25, it was ordered across 
the Potomac, crossing long bridge at mid- 
night and encamping near Alexandria, Va. , 
and occupying a point near Shuter's Hill 
where they threw up breastworks and con- 
structed p-ort Kllsworth. A camp was 
formed nearby and was named Camp 
Andrew, in honor of John A. Andrew, 
at that time CTOvernor of Massachusetts. 
The command was reviewed by President 
Ivincoln on June 14, 1S61, and later was 
assigned to the First Brigade, Third Di- 
vision, of General McDowell's Army. On 
July 16, the Regiment broke camp, 
moving to Fairfax Court House, thence to 
Sangster's Station and Centreville Ridge, 
meeting some resistance of the enemy, 
holding its position until the night of July 

20, crossing the stone bridge about mid- 
night, and on the next day, Sunday, July 

21, 1861, took part in the first battle of 
Bull Run, where it performed gallant ser- 
vice, losing a number of killed, wounded 
and captured. Soon after this apparently 
drawn Ijattle, the command moved to 
Centreville, thence on to Washington. 
From there it returned to Boston, where it 
was mustered out, its term of service 
having expired before the Bull Ru'.i Ijattle. 

The said George W. Nason, Jr., was 
wounded at Bull Run, Va., on Julv 21, 
1861, by a gun-shot in left leg and upon the 
head b}- a sabre, cut through the cap. He 
was also captured during that battle, Init 
escaped during the night and rejoined his 

He was honorably discharged at Boston, 
Mass., on July 31, 1861, by reason of expir- 
ation of term of service. 

He re-enlisted at Boston, August 14, 
1861, to serve three 3-ears or during the 
war, and was nmstered into the United 
vStates service September 2, 1861, as a Pri- 
vate of Company H, Twenty-Third Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 
Colonel John Kurtz, commanding. (Col- 
onel John W. Raymond was in command 
at expiration of service) . 

The Twenty-Third Regiment Mas.sachu- 
setts Infantry was organized at Ivynnfield, 
the general nuister of the enlisted men 

taking place on September 28. 1861, 
and detachments were added from time 
to time during the following month. 
The disaster at "Balls P.luff " early in 
November caused a hurry-up order for the 
Twenty- Third and other regiments to go 
forward; as several were away upon leave 
of absence. Adjutant General Schouler, 
upon recommendation of Colonel John 
Kurtz, detailed George \V. Nason to re- 
main in camp two weeks, to receive and 
take charge of the men as they returned 
for duty. The Regiment left its camp at 
Lynnfield, on Noveml)er 11, moving In* 
rail to Fall River, whence it embarked on 
the steamers "State of Maine" and 
"Metropolis" for New York, thence 
moved via I'hiladelphia, Pa., to Perryville, 
and from there by steamer to Annapolis, 
Md., where the command w'as united a few 
days later and occupied Camp John A. 
Andrew. It w^as mustered into the Ignited 
States service on December 5, 1861, and 
was assigned to the First Brigade under 
General John G. Foster. On the morning 
of Thanksgiving Day, Na.son arrived at the 
Camp with three loaded cars, two with 
soldiers for the Twenty-Third, the Twenty- 
Fifth and other regiments and one express 
car with boxes and parcels from home for 
Thanksgiving dinner. On January 6, 1862, 
the Regiment embarked upon what was 
known as the General Burnside Expedition 
for Fortress Monroe, Va., and from there 
sailed to Hatteras Inlet, N. C, which was 
reached after a stormy voyage, on January 
15, sailing thence into Pamlico Sound. 
Two weeks were spent in repairing damage 
and making preparation for the movement 
against Roanoke Island, and on February 
5, the Regiment sailed for that place, land- 
ing on the seventh, with the exception of 
Company E, which was detailed to assist in 
working the gunboat ' ' Huzzar. ' ' The Is- 
land, with four Forts, sixtj'-six canon, and 
five thousand prisoners was surrendered 
to General Burnside, February 8, 1862. 
The Regiment was assigned to the First 
Brigade, First Division, Ninth Corps, later 
to the First Brigade, Second Division, 
Eighteenth Corps, Army of the James, and 
during its service participated in the follow- 
ing engagements, viz: — Roanoke Island, 

MiNUTK Men of '61 


New-Berne, N. C. ; Bachelor's Creek, N. 
C. ; Tiiscorora, Swift Crc-fk or Arrowfield 
Church, Va. ; Kinstoii. X. C. ; Whitehall, 
(loldsboro, N. C. ; Wilcox' Ih'iiU^e or 
Wise's Forks, Winston, IJarnard's ]\Iills, 
Maynolia Station, Smith field or Cherry 
Grove, Coljb's Farm, Whitehall, Pocahon- 
tas, Va. ; Proctor's Creek, Halfway House, 
Drewry's Bluff, Gaines' Mills, Cold Har- 
bor, Chester Station or Bernuida Hundred, 
Mine FIxplosion, before Petersburj^-, and a 
number of minor engagements ; afterwards 
performing guard and garrison duty until 
ordered home, after expiration of its three 
years' service. 

The said George W. Nason, Jr., was 
transferred to the gunboat "Hnzzar," on 
January 4, 1862, as Storekeeper of the ship, 
and during the attack on Roanoke Island, 
while acting as Number Two man on Star- 
l)oard Cannon, was struck by a piece of 
wood on the wrist, caused by a rel)el shot 
passing through the gun rail on deck, 
severely- injuring his right wrist. He also 
was wounded on March 14, 1862, at the 
blockade near New-Berne, N. C. On 
March 19, 1862, the gunboat " Huzzar " 
went to the navy yard for repairs and 
George W. Nason was assigned to duty in 
the oflfice of the Chief Provost Marshal at 

He organized the New-Berne Fire De- 
partment Regiment and on May 2, 1864, 
was appointed Colonel of the Regiment, a 
position he occupied until the close of the 
w'ar. He received an honorable discharge 
from Twenty-Third Massachusetts Regi- 
ment on October 13, 1864, by rea.son 
of expiration of term of service. He 
was afterwards employed as Civilian in 
the Provost Mar.shal's Department, until 
June 23, 1865, at which date he was ap- 
pointed Po.stmaster of the City of New- 
Berne, N. C, a position he filled with honor 
for about nine years, two years of which 
he travelled as Special Agent and Inspector 
for the Post Oflfice Department. He re- 
signed the oflfice of Postmaster in Decem- 
Tjer, 1873, for the pvirpose of taking the 
position of general manager for the F^agle 
Turpentine and Na^•al Store Works in 
Florida, of which George C. Rixford was 
president and Charles K. Dutton was 

trea.surer. While with this concern, with 
headquarters at Live Oak, five new towns, 
with factories producing turpentine and 
resin, were opened up and post offices 
e.stablished, namely, Ivawtey, Rixford, 
Padlock, Dutton and Custer. 

He surveyed and had charge of Imilding 
the railroad aljout se\en miles southerly 
from Live Oak to Padlock, where the com- 
pany had the largest turpentine distilleries 
in the world. 

He also was one of the pioneers, l)eing 
assistant to Chief Kngineer Ivdward I\. 
F'arrell, and a director in the corporation 
which built the I/ake Santa I'e Canal, con- 
necting Melrose, Florida, at the southerly 
end of the lake, with the Atlantic, Gulf 
and West India Transit Company's Rail- 
road at Waldo, six miles distant. 

He was a delegate from North Carolina 
and also a member of Committee on Reso- 
lutions in the National Convention at Phila- 
delphia in 1872, which nominated General 
U. S. Grant for his second term as Presi- 
dent, was also a delegate to the Cincinnati 
Convention in 1876, which nominated 
Rutherford B. Hayes. 

Returning to Massachusetts after five 
years' service with the Eagle Company, he 
engaged in the real estate Inisiness with his 
brother, Jesse L. Nason and other associates, 
and from 1880 to 1892 built one hundred 
and .seventeen dwelling houses, stores, 
hotels and other .structures, many of them 
in the Back Bay section of the cit\-. The 
depreciation of values in 1893-4-5 nearly 
ruined him financially, but he closed up 
his affairs honorably, paid all obligations 
in full, and despite his advancing years, 
began life anew and went to work on a 

He rendered gallant and meritorious ser- 
vice to his country during the entire war, 
and achieved a proud record for faithful 
and efiicient service. 

Probably one of the proudest acts of his 
life was the game of " bluflf " which he 
successfully played May 4, 1864, the facts 
of which are obtained from the diar\- found 
in the effects of Captain John A. Jud.son, 
Assistant Adjutant General to Generals 
I'oster and Palmer at New-Berne, N. C. 

George W. Nason was onl_\- a private in a 


Minute Men of '61 

Massachusetts Regiment, detailed as a 
Clerk ill Provost Marshal's office up to the 
time when he planned and executed the 
' ' bluff game ' ' of receiving large reinforce- 
ments at New-Berne, N. C, May 4, 1864, 
when the government had supplies and 
munitions of war aggregating more than 
three millions of dollars, with less than 
thirty sohliers in the city, the gunboats and 
the Union troops being awa}' upon expedi- 
tions to \\'ashington, N. C, Rdenton, 
Plymouth and Swansboro, etc. There 
were three Generals in the city, whose 
commands were divided up reconnoitering. 
When the rebels began to gather around 
New-Berne it looked liazey. Every pre- 
caution was taken to prevent rebel s}in- 
pathizers in the city from communicating 
with rebel pickets outside. Those in au- 
thority expected the ' ' Johnnies ' ' to walk 
in and had arranged to *bury the records, 
etc., to prevent them from falling into the 
hands of the enemy. When Nason was 
called upon at the office of the Provost 
Marshal to furnish boxes and lal)orers to 
bury the records, he proposed a " l)luff 
game ; " he .said : 

" There are plent_\' of brass Ijaiid in.stru- 
ments in the warehouse ; we have two 
locomotives and six cars ; probably a thou- 
sand negroes in town. We could rig out 
two or three brass bands, get them readv 
and as'soon as it becomes dark, load up the 
cars with "darkies" as musicians, to 
drown the noise of the engine, have the 
steam saw and planing mill run a few 
minutes while the train is backing down 
over Trent River bridge, put out the lights, 
cover the sides of the engine with blankets 
and run the train very slowly over the 
bridge, so as to make very little noise ; 
thence down through the woods towards 
Morehead City and Beaufort about three or 
four miles, then take off blankets, .start the 
lights and music, set the whistle blow- 
ing and keep up the liveliest racket that 
could be imagined at forty miles an hour." 
" When the}' arrive, set up cheering, keep 
the bands playing — while one band re- 
mains in the city, let the other two board 
the train again, put out the lights and 
make a second slow still trip down the 
woods about four miles again, then light 

up, start the bands pla3-ing, no matter 
whether in tune or out of tune, so they 
make a lovid racket, and as we hear them 
Hearing the city the second time, let us set 
up the biggest ' I'ourth of July ' racket ever 
heard, keep the whistles tooting and have 
everyone yell to the extent of his lung 
capacity . ' ' 

The three Generals had no faith in the 
scheme — but Captain John A. Judsoii, the 
Assistant Adjutant General, said, "Good 
.scheme; go ahead." He gave orders to 
Captain Norcross, the master of transpor- 
tation. Captain Wallace Iv. Crowell at the 
ship yard, and others to do every thihg 
they could to execute Nason's plans. 

At eight p.m. all was in readiness, and 
before nine p.m. , two pretended train loads 
of reinforcements such as they were, had 
arrived. The band kept up a roar of music 
such as it was, a barrel of whiskey kept the 
cit\' lively and at (kiylight the next morn- 
ing the reljels who had been seen in con- 
siderable force at the west and north of 
the cit}' and those opposite on Neuse River, 
had departed. 

The scheme worked entirely satisfactory. 
The three Creiierals were not taken pris- 
oners, the three million dollars of supplies 
were saved to the Government, Nason had 
the satisfaction of knowing his "bluff" 
game was a success, ])ut the officers got the 
credit of saving the city. 

George Warren Nason was born at 
Franklin, Mass., January 11, 1.S34, and 
was united in marriage May 10, 1854, to 
Harriett A. Kilburn, at L/unenburg, 
Mass. He lost his wife on the .sixth 
day of April, 1866, and since that date 
has lived a bachelor life. They had one 
son, Adelbert Merrill Nason, who was 
killed in 1874 by an elevator accident. 

He is a member of Franklin Post No. 60, 
Department of Massachusetts, Grand Army 
of the Republic, of which he was its first 
Commander ; he also was the first Com- 
mander of Heaton Post, No. 4, G-A-R., at 
New-Berne, N. C, in 1866. He is a mem- 
ber of the Sons of American Revolution, 
Massachusetts Division. He has been a 
Mason for more than fifty \'ears, and is one 
of the oldest members of DeMolay Com- 
mandery. Knights Templars. At the 

Minute Men of '61 


prcsL-nt time Ik- ()ccui)ies a proinint-iit i>o- 
sitioii as Clt-rk in Uk- \\'ater Departiiiunt, 
Boston, Mass., a ])()sition he has held for 
twelve years. He has 1)een a Justice of the 
Peace ami Notary Inblic lor forty-nine 

In the (Vrand Army of the Ri-pul)lic and 
in regimental associations. Colonel Nason 
lias been repeatedly honored. He is an 
Aide-de-Canip on the vStafF of Commander- 
in-Chief, James Tanner, and, with few ex- 
ceptions in the last quarter of a centur\ , 
has served former Commanders in like 
capacity. He has been a delegate repre- 
senting Mas.sachnsetts in National Encamp- 
ment a number of times, from the Atlantic 
to the Pacific Coast. He is Past President 
of the Massachusetts Kftli Regiment Vet- 
eran Association, the Twenty-Third Massa- 
chusetts Veteran As.sociation , the Roan- 
oke Association, consisting of twenty -one 
regiments, the Minute Men of '61, Massa- 
chusetts Division, consisting of seven regi- 
ments and one Ijattery of artillery. He 
also is a prominent member of the Grand 
Army Cli:b of Mas.sachnsetts, serving two 
years as its Adjutant. This Club repre- 
sents forty-six Posts of the (t-A-R. 

For patriotic instruction in the public 

.schools he is an enthusiastic champion and 
is constantly on the alert in this important 
l)ranch in the education of the young. 
Always ready, financially or otherwise, to 
aid and assist auxiliary associations and 
every good cause. 

His brothers, William Kmnions, Albert 
Davis, James Henry, also served in the 
Civil War. His brother, Je.sse lyeonard, 
Served as Clerk in the Quartermaster's 
Dej^artment, being a civilian employee. 

These facts are furnished by comrades 
who served in the arm\ with Colonel 
Nason, and who ha\e l)een personallv ac 
quainted with the circumstances for many 
years, for preservation for the benefit of 
all who may be interested. 

Compiled from Ofiicial and Authentic 
Sources, by the Soldiers and vSailors His 
torical and Benevolent Society. 

In testimony whereof, I hereunto set my 
hand and cause to be affixed the seal of 
the Society. 

Done at Washington, D.C., this Twenty- 
fourth day of September, A. I)., 1906. 

M. W.\Li,ixn.SFORi), Historian. 

No. 1403 SO. 


Minute Men of '61 

ill the field operations of this Regiment, 
and he was transferred with the rank of 
Tvientenant Colonel to the \'eteran Rescne 
Corps and assigned to dut}- in the state of 
New Hampshire, to enforce the Draft, 
wiiich dnty was faithfnlly performed. 
After this he served in various capacities, 
and at the close of the Avar was on the Rio 
( .rande. Colonel Wardwell was a most 
energetic and capable officer, and received 
many very complimentary notices from 
his superior officers. After the war he 
located in Arizona and held various local 
offices. Alwa\-s foremost in line of im- 
provements. Died in 1903, and was con- 
sidered a great leader among progressive 

C.APT. D.AViD K. Wardwei.l. Tombstone. Ari. 

Minute Men of 'bl 

Co. F, 5th Mass. Brig. Gen U. S. Vols. 

Colonel David K. \\'ardwell was born in 
Wa,sliington, D. C.,inl823. In 1<S46 he 
enlisted in Company F, First Massachu- 
setts \^olunteers, and served as First Ser- 
geant through the Mexican war, under 
both Generals Taylor and Scott, and at the 
battles before the City of Mexico, was a 
member of the .staff of Brigadier-General 
Franklin Pierce. At the close of this war 
he located in Boston and upon the first call 
of President Fincoln for troops, April 15, 
1861, raised a volunteer company, which 
was assigned as Company F, Fifth Volun- 
teer Militia. He commanded this com- 
pany during the three months' campaign, 
and rendered conspicuous service at the 
first battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. 

In, 1861. he was appointed Cap- 
tain of Company B, Twenty-Second Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers, and served through 
the Peninsular campaign with marked 
efficiency. In August he was commis- 
sioned Lieutenant Colonel of the Thirty- 
Eighth Massachusetts Volunteers and 
accompanied that comtnand to Louisiana. 
Ill health prevented him from taking part 

George Norton 

Minute Wen of '61 

Co. C. .Stli IMassachusetts Retriment 

Served in United .States Navy, in the 
"Pocahontas," "Kingston," "Prince- 
ton," "Mississippi," " State of Georgia," 
and Vermont." 

MiNUTK Mttn- op 'r-,1 


Alfred Haskei.l, Medford, Mass. 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. E. 5th Mass. I,t. Co. F. 5th Regt. Mass. 

Alfred H.\skell. Medford. Muss. 

Minute Men of "61 

Co. E. 5th Mass. I.t. Co. F, 5th Mass. Vols. 

Alfred Haskell, son of John Hardy and 
Sail}- Ann (Newton) Haskell, was born 
April 14, 1831, at Medford, Mass. He was 
a descendant of William Haskell, who 
came from England and settled at Cape 
Ann Side (now Beverly) before 1637 ; 
afterwards settling at Gloucester, Mass. 

His grandfather, Jeremiah Haskell, stood 
guard at the State Arsenal at Charlestown 
(now known as the Old Powder House in 
Somerville) during the war of 1812-14, 
when the Massachusetts Militia was called 
out to suppress a threatened invasion ; his 
great grandfather, Jeremiah Haskell, Jr., 
of L/ancaster, Mass., was a Corporal in 
Captain Benjamin Houghton's Compan\ of 
Ivancaster Minute Men who marched on 
the alarm of April 19, 1775, to Cambridge, 
enlisted in the army and fought in the 
Battle of Bunker Hill as Third Sergeant in 
his brother Andrew's company ; his ances- 
tors were also in Colonial wars. 

Alfred Haskell in early life was a ship- 
wright ; he answered the President's first 
call for troops April 19, 1861, as a private 
in the Lawrence Light Guards of Medford 
Company E, Fifth Regiment. He fought 

in the first battle of Bull Run and led Cor- 
poral William J. Crocker, a wounded com- 
rade from the field ; he mustered out Jnlv 
31, 1861. 

He also answered the nine months' call 
September 22>, 1862, and was the popular 
Fir,st Lieutenant of Company F, Fifth 
M.V.M. He saw service in North Caro- 
lina ; camped at New- Berne and was in the 
battles of Little Washington, Wliitehall, 
Kinston, Goldsboro, and Gum Swamp; 
mustered out July 2, 1863. Upon his re- 
turn he rendered citizen service at the 
Charlestown Navy Yard until after the 
war. He carried on the provision business 
in Medford Square from 1873 to 1881. 

He was initiated into Mt. Hermon 
Lodge, A. F. and A. M., of Medford, 
March 11. 18.S9, and St. Johns Royal Arch 
Chapter February 10, 1862, and FXst 
Boston Council of Roval and Select ^Masters 
vSeptembt-r 19, 1862 ; also a ciiarter member 
of INIvstic Royal Arch Chapter and Medford 
Council, was' a Past Higli Priest of the 
Chapter and Past Tlirice Illustrious Master 
of the Council. He was a member of S. C. 
Lawrence Post 66, Gt-A-R. For the last 
twentv-two vears of his life he was an 
efficient officer of the Medford Police and 
was past president of the Police Relief 
Association, .\lfred Haskell died at his 
residence in INIedford, :\Iay 10. 1906. 


MiNUTK MKN of '61 

Bkxj\mi.n' Joskfh Coring. Fast Braiiitree. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. (",, Fifth Mass. 1st Mass. Battery TI. A. 

Born in Weyiiiotith, Mass., April 27, 
1842. He was educated in the public 
schools of W'eyniotith and Braintree, and 
has spent most of his life in those towns. 
(-)n lea\'in,Q' _^sch()ol he was eniployed in 
transportation business and was en^iaged 
in this vocation when President lyincoln 
issued his call for troops April 15. 1861. 
He- responded and enlisted in Company G, 
Fifth Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, and was with the Regiment in all 
its work of bitilding Fort Ellsworth and 
other duties, was in the battleof Bull Run, 
July 21, and discharged wi'Ji the Regiment 
July 31, 1861, and returned home. 

February 26, 1862, he re-enlisted in 
Company A, First Ikittalion Massachusetts 
Volunteer Heavy Artillery, and served 
three years, being discharged February 27, 
1865, as First Sergeant of his Company. 

After the war Mr. Ivoring was engaged 
for man}' years as Carpenter and Builder. 
In 1872 he was elected constable of Brain- 
tree, and has served continuously since 
that time. He was night ofticer for two 
years, and has also served as truant officer 
and a member of the Board of Fire Fn- 
:gineers of Braintree. 

Benjamin J. I.cirinc;, East BranUtee. Mass. 

Minute IMen of '61 

5lh M,i-s, R>-.ut.. 1st Battery Mass. H. A. 

In 188S, he was appointed Special Agent 
of the Massachusetts vSociety for the Pre- 
vention of Cruelty to Children, which posi- 
tion he still holds. In 1896 he w-as ap 
pointed a Justice of the Peace. In 1904 he 
was appointed a Special District Police 
Ofiicer by (xovernor John L. Bates. He is 
a member of Reynolds Post 58 Ct-A-R of 
\\'e\-mouth, Rural Lodge F. and A. -M., 
Ouincy, Pentalpha Chapter Royal Arch 
Masons, E. Weymouth, South Shore Com- 
mandery, K. T. Mayflower Chapter No. 
65, (). E. S., Grand Army Club, Kirchi- 
mankin Tribe I. O. R. M., of which he is 
Past Sachem, Minute Men of '61, repre- 
senting the Fifth Regiment as Vice Presi- 
dent in 1901 and 1902, Fifth Regiment 
Association and Company A, Heavy Artil- 
lerv Association, of which he has been 
Secretary and Treasurer since its organiza- 
tion twenty-four years ago. For several 
years Aide-de-Camp upon stafT of com- 
mander-in-chief and department of Massa- 
chusetts G-A-R. Has served as Secretar}- 
and Treasttrer of Company A, Association 
since its organization in 1886. 

In 1865, Mr. lyoring married Miss Carrie 
F. Ludden of Braintree, and has one 
dattghter. Since his marriage he has made 
Braintree his home. 

MixfTic Men of '61 


Comrade Frank A. Brown. Past Adit. 

Minute Men of '61 

5tli Mass. Rest, and 47th Mass Regt. 

Born September 3, 1838. A member of 
Company K, Fifth Massachnsetts, Colonel 
Samuel C. Lawrence ; after reaching Wash- 
ington was assigned to dut}- of guarding 
the Treasury building and White House. 
The Regiment was assigned at provost 
guard in Alexandria. Was at the engage- 
ment at Sangster's Station, July 18, and 
the battle of Bull Ritn, July 21, 1861, 
where he narrowly escaped captttre. He 
with others being nearly surrounded by 
the rebel pickets, forded the river and 
under cover of darkness and heavy fire 
escaped . Afterwards appointed recruiting 
oiScer by Governor An<lrew atid Mayor 
Wightman of Boston, at the old State 
House where he assisted in raising several 
Companies of the Forty-Seventh Massa- 
chusetts, going out as First Sergeant of 
Company H, of that Regiment which was 
assigned to Baulss' expedition, Jsew 
Orleans, La. After arriving there he was 
detailed Postmaster of Second Brigade 
where he performed the duties of that oihce 
till disabled by sun-stroke in 1878. He 
was one of the originators and with a few 
others organized the association of Massa- 

chusetts Three Months' Volunteers, after- 
wards n:erged into the association of 
Minute Men of '61, .serving as its Secre- 
tary and Adjutant seven years. A member 
of Tost 35, G-A-R Chel.sea, Mass., and 
other fraternal organizations. He died 
March 17, 19U3. at Everett, Mass. ; the 
funi.ral was largely attended by the Minute 
Men of '61, IVst •>5, G-A-R and kindreil 

Georgi-; O Br.vstow. Somcrville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Capt. Co. I, Fifth Mass. Maj. IT. S Vols. 

Major George (). Brastow was born in 
Wrentham, Mass., September 8, 1811. 
Died November 20, 1878. 

He was Captain of the Somerville Com- 
pany in the Fifth Mas.sachusetts Volunteer 
Militia (hiring its three months' term, and 
was very poi)ular throughout the whole 
Regiment by reason of his zeal and 
efficiency as an officer and tlie magnetism 
of his genial and kindly nature. 

He was commissioned as Paymaster with 
the rank of Major in 1862. He was twice 
elected Mayor of Somerville, and also 
served as member of the Legislature for 
several jears, during two of which he was 
President of the Senate. 


Minute Men of '61 

Capt John Hitchins. jSIedford, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
5th Ma s. I,t. Col. 39th Regt. Vols. 

Colonel John Hutchins, of Medford, 
Mass., was at the outbreak of the war. 
Captain of Company E, Fifth Massaclin- 
sett,s Volunteer Militia, and with his 
Company responded to the first call of 
I'resident Lincoln f . r troops in April 1861. 
His Compan}- was, perhaps, the efpud of 
any in the Regiment for discipline, drill, 
and all round efliciency. He served, 
during the tliree months campaign, and at 
the first l)attle of Bull Run, in common 
with the rest of the Regiment, succeedetl 
in maintaining the formation of his com- 
mand, and manifested to a high degree 
those qualities of coolness, courage and 
power to lead his men in the stress of 
Ijattle. Returning from this enlistment, 
he reorganized his Company, and was, with 
them assigned to the Thirty-Ninth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers as Ca])tain, and 
through the rest of the war, participated 
in all the conflicts of the Army of the 
Potomac, rising to the rank of Lieutenant- 
Colonel and commanding the Regiment 
at the close of the war. He was singularly 
fortunate in the performance of his duty 

and never failed to comtnaiid the com- 
mendation of his superiors, and the cheer- 
ful oljedience of the men he commanded. 
Tlioroughl)- \ersed in the military science, 
he was a rigid disciplinarian, knowing no 
favorites, but with a firm hand he held all 
to their duty, and gave of his best to the 
service of the Union. 

After the war lie resided in Medford, 
Mass., until his death in 1905. 

f^ ■ 

^ :l 




Hi;xRV K. Cr.-vxdv. Sonierville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 5th ^lassachusetts Reyinient 

Born in Wayland, Mass., ()ctol)er 12, 
1829, son of Henry and Rebecca Orandy of 
Deerfield, Mass. His father was a soldier 
in the war of 1812, upon the first call, was 
a machinist and left his lathe and rushed 
to the Armory. A former member of 
Compan}' T, Fifth Regiment Somerville 
Fight Infantry, .\'.M. In the breaking- 
out of the rebellion he was one of man}- in 
constructing Fort Ellsworth. 

Minute Mkn of '61 


Charles P. Whittle 

Minute Men of '61 

Fiftli ^Massachusetts Regiment 

Comrade Whittle was bom in Charles- 
town, Mass., June 26, 1S41, and obtained 
his early education in the public schools of 
that district. He became a member of the 
old Charlestown Artillery when seventeen 
years of age. With most of that Company 
he hastened to offer his services to the 
country at the outljreak of the Rebellion, 
was made a Sergeant in the Fifth Regi- 
ment; was in first Bull Run liattle. Was 
recruiting olificer for city of Charlestown. 
He again enlisted and was ordered to 
North Carolina, where he took part in sev- 
eral battles. 

Later on he was detailed Iw General 
Foster to position of Post Quartermaster 
at Plymouth, N. C, and filled that place 
with marked ability, returning with his 
Regiment at the end of service. He again 
enlisted in 1864, for the third time, was 
appointed First Lieutenant in Fifth Regi- 
ment, served with it at the front until the 
expiration of its term. 

After the war was salesman in a furni- 
ture establishment of Boston, and in 1868, 
while quite a young man, embarked in 

nianufacturing on his own account, and 
with gciod judgment and enterprise to 
back him, made rajiid and successful 
strides, and to-day is one of the leading 
manufacturers of furniture and store fix- 
tures, with a large factory and extensive 
warerooms at 129 Portland Street, Boston. 
Comrade Whittle is a Commander 
of Abraham Lincoln Post 11, has filled all 
the offices of his post at difTerent times, 
and in 1893 was Department Inspector 
( jeneral. 

John H. I/)kino. Concord. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. K, 5tli Mass. _'(i Mass. Hattery 

Born October 16, 1839, at North Yar- 
mouth, Me. F^nlisted April l.=i, 1861, in 
the Charlestown City (ruards. State Militia; 
was in nnd around Washington and was 
mu.stered out at Boston, 15, 1S61; 
re-enlisted in "Nim's" Second Light Battery in January, 1863. Was in 
Red River Campaign, at Fort Blakely, at 
the rear of Mobile and with the roving- 
Brigade until the war was ended. For the 
past twenty-two years has Ijeen employed 
at the State Prison and the Reformatory at 
Concord, Mass. 


Minute Men of '61 


William C. Bates, Newton, Ma,ss. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. G, Fifth Miissachvisetts Regiment 

William Carver Rates of Company G, 
(Concord Artillery), Concord, Mass., 
enlisted April 19, 1861, at Boston, in 
Faneuil Hall, under Captain George Iv. 
Presi:ott. The Regiment left Boston Sun- 
day morning, April 21, by train to New 
York, thence by steamer, "DeSota,"via 
Fortre-s Monroe to Annapolis, Md., and 
by train to Washington, D. C, via Annap- 
olis Junction. The Regiment was mus- 
tered in May 1, and was drilled assidu- 
ously by the officers and West Point Cadets 
until May 25, when the advance into Vir- 
ginia began over the long bridge across 
the Potomac. 

Two members of the Regiment were 
detached to serve at Alexandria on the 
Provost Marshal's Guard, George T. 
Childs of the Charlestown City Guards, 
and the subject of this sketch, William 
Carver Bates, of the Concord Company. 
These two became inseparable companions, 
rejoining the Regiment July 18, in the 
"()n to Richmond " campaign, and were 
two of the twentv-five prisoners captured 
at the first battle of Bull Run, July 21. 
Very few of these men who went to Rich- 
mond and spent ten months in the Con- 
federate prisons in Libby and Salisbury, 
Macon and New Orleans (Parish prison 
before the arrival of Farragut) are still 
living; Griggs, Teljbets, Childs and Bates 
of the minute men prisoners, are those 
known to be alive. The- experience of 
these prisoners is yet to be written. Their 
stories of captivity do not compare with 
that of those who were later at Belle Isle 
and Andersonville. But it was tragic 
enough. They arrived before Aiigust 1, 

William C. Bates. Newton, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. G, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment 

and were quartered in the tobabco factor- 
ies, finding the "Dutch Sergeant" Wirtz 
in immediate command. He was vigilant 
to prevent escape and somewhat indiffer- 
ent apparently to punctuality in supply of 
rations. It is curious to recall that for 
several days after our arrival at Richmond 
one of the Yankee prisoners was escorted 
to market under guard to make small pur- 
chases of food, or little necessaries, cards, 
chess-men, papers, etc., but this was soon 
found to be impracticable, attracting too 
nmcli curiosity and subversive to disci- 

The prisoners captured at Bull Run gen- 
erally retained their watches, money or 
jewelry and in the following winter 
received at New Orleans a supply of under- 
clothing and coats sent from the North by 
the Sanitary Connnission and which were 
faithfully transmitted by the Confederate 
authorities. of the Federal prisoners reaching 
Richmond in the summer of 1861 were 
sent to New-Bern, N. C. , from Salisbury, 
in May or June, 1862, and rek-ased on 

The addresses of the four Minute Men 
surviving prisoners are: George T. Childs, 
(Postmaster), vSt. Albans, Vt. , James H. 
Griggs, Somerville, Mass., Frank Iv. Teb- 
bets, Ewing, N. H. William Carver Bates, 
60 State Street, Boston. 

Minute Men of '61 


Edward S. Wheeler, Lowell, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. G, 5th Mass. Co. G, 47th Regrt. Mass. Vols. 

NATH.4N M.\R.SH Edw.ards, Appletou, wis. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. D, 5th Mass. Capt. 1st N. Y. Vol. Engineer R't. 

Edward S. Wheeler, one of the ^-oungest 
Minute Men, was bom at Concord, Mass., 
June 17, 1844. Enlisted April 19, in Com- 
pany G, Fifth Regiment, M.V.M. Taken 
prisoner of war at the first battle of Bull 
Run, July ?1, 1861, and held at Richmond, 
Va., New Orleans, La., and vSalisbury, 
N. C, nearh- eleven months. Re-enlisted 
in Company G, Forty-Seventh Regiment 
M.V.M. Stationed at and near New 
•Orleans, La. Discharged September 1, 
1863, by expiration of service. Hiram E. 
Wheeler, a Minute Man in Company E, 
Sixth' Regiment, was a brother. Resi- 
dence (1902) 43 Varney- Street Lowell, 

Nathaniel Marsh lidwards, born at 
Haverhill, Mass., July 5, 1837; graduated 
at Union College in civil engineering in 
1859. Responded to the first call, April 
16, 1861. Enrolled First New York Vol- 
unteer Engineers, November 8, 1861; com- 
missioned Second Lieutenant, October 10, 
1862; Lieutenant, February 24, 1864; 
Captain, January 12, 1865; New York 
Volunteer Engineers (Serrell's), dis- 
charged July 19, 1865. Removed from 
Haverhill in 1866 to Wisconsin, to take 
charge of Green Ba}- and Mississippi canal 
as chief engineer and superintendent and 
since then followed civil and hydraulic 
engineering at Appleton, Wis. 


Minute Men of '61 

Company K, Eleventh Regiment, and 
Captain Company C, First Regiment of 
that Corps. He commanded the "Regi- 
ment" of Convalescents (from the Hos- 
pitals of the District of Columbia) at Fort 
De Russy, which aided in driving back 
Farly's right wing, July 12, 1864. 

During his service he was promoted to 
Major and lyieiitenant-Colonel, but not 
nmstered, as his Regiment was "below 
the minimum." Was brevetted Major of 
Volunteers by President Lincoln, "for 
gallant and meritorious services during the 
War." In January, 1866, was appointed 
Assistant Inspector General of the Depart- 
ment of the Carolinas, under General D. 
E. Sickles. From April, 1866, to Febru- 
ary 1, 1869, commanded Western District 
of North Carolina, under Generals \\'hit- 
tlesey, Ruger and Miles. 

Hannibal D. Norton 

Minute Men of '61 

Fifth Massachusetts Regiment 

Hannil)al Davenport Norton was born 
November 9, 1838, at Addison, Washington 
County, Maine, but at the age of seven his 
parents removed to Boston, Mass. He was 
educated in the public schools of Boston 
and Charlestown. Upon reading the pro- 
clamation of Governor Andrew, on the 
morning of April 15, 1861, he dropped 
l)tisiness at once and raced over to the 
Armory of Company D, Fifth I'egiment, 
M.V.M. ("Charlestown Artillery"), in 
which he held a commission as Lieutenant, 
and .started an enlistment roll, to ascertain 
how many of the Company would respond 
to the first caU of President Lincoln. He 
went with the Fifth Regiment to Washing- 
ton, via Annapolis, and participated in the 
first battle of Bull Run, where he was 
wounded. He subsequenth' recruited, and 
was commissioned Captain of Company I, 
Thirtj^-Second Regiment IMassachusetts 
Volunteers and commanded his Company 
in the following battles : second Bull Run, 
South Mountain, Antietam, and 
Fredericksburg, being wounded in the two 
last-named. Was transferred to the Vet- 
eran Reserve Corps, and served as Captain 

John N. Bkekd, .Somerville, Mass. 

Minvite Men of '61 

5th Mass. SerRt. 32d Mass. Vols. 

I^ost sight of eyes May 8, 1894 ; premature blast in 

Iredell Co. (N. C.) Granite Quarry 

Minute Men of '61 


George W. Ckoss Worcester, Ma<s. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. C, 5th Mass. Co. I. 32d Mass. Vols. 

George W. Cross was born in Sebec, Me., 
Aiigttst 6, 1840, the son of Orich and 
Mehitable Anderson Cross. He passed his 
boyhood days in Sebec until he was sixteen 
years of age, when his mother then wid- 
owed, with family moved to Charlestown, 
Mass. He was employed at the old Oak 
Ha 1 clothing house and navy }ard; then 
learning the trade of morocco dresser, at 
which he worked at the time Lincoln's 
call came for seventy -five thousand men. 
He at once left his work and tried to 
enlist bttt found the company full and was 
told to wait and see if all reported; at the 
last moment he got a chance in Captain 
William R. Swan's Company C, Fifth 
Regiment. On April 19, 1861, he didn't 
even go home but marched to Fanetiil 
Hall where they camped for the night, 
leaving for Washington the next morning. 
He was in the first battle of Bull Run. 
Discharged July 31, 1861. The war fever 
did not die out and Jitl}' 28, 1862, he again 
enlisted in Company I, Thirty-Second 
Regiment, M.V.I., in which he served 
until the close of the war, participating in 
the battles of the army of the Potomac; he 
■was discharged Ma\- 29, 1865. He died 
Decemljer 27, 1906. He was a member of 
George Ward Post 10, G-A-R, also of the 
Minute Men Association. 

Valk.ntixu W ALLBfRc;. Schenectacl.x', X. V. 

Minute Men of '61 

Corp. Co. C, 5tli. Sgt. Co. D. ,5th Ksrt. M.V.M 9 mos. 

Valentine \\'all1)urg was born December 
12, 1841, in Boston, Mass. Joined Charles- 
town Artillf-ry, Fifth Regunent M.V.]M. 
in spring of 1860. In answer to Governor 
Andrew's inquiry in January, 1861, he 
pledged himself to respond to any call 
that might come from tlie governor to 
suppress rebellion. Reported for duty 
April 15, 1861, at the Armory, Charles- 
town City Square, and owing to an acci- 
dent to Sergeant Davis which created a 
vacanc}' in the non-connnissioned officers 
of the company he was appointed a Cor- 
poral in F'aneuil Hall on April 19, and 
served with the Regiment in Company C 
tmtil the end of the term of service. Hn- 
li.sted again in August, 1862, as First Ser- 
geant, Company D, Fifth Regiment 
infantry, Massachusetts Volunteers, and 
served until the Regiment was mustered 
out in June, 1863. Came home convales- 
cent from typhoid fever and was in jioor 
health for over a year afterwards with 
chronic diarrhoea. Since the war worked 
as machinist and gun maker. From 1876 
to 1878 instructor in Vise Work at the 
Institute of Technology in Boston, and 
since 1883 has been employed as foreman 
by the Boston Gas Light Company, the 
Thomson- Houston Electric Company of 
Lvnn, I\Iass., and the General Electric 
Company of Schenectady, N. Y. 


Minute Mkn of '61 

William T. Evstis, Dixfield, Me. 

Minute Men of 61 
5th Mass. Adjt. 5tli Mass. 9 mos. 

George Theodore Childs, born in 
Charlestown, Mass., September 7, 1842. 
Educated in the grammar and high 
schools of that city. Knlisted in Company 
K, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, April 
19, 1861; was captured at the first battle of 
Bull Rtin, July 21, 1861; prisoner of war at 
Richmond, Va., New Orleans, La., and 
Salisbur}', N. C; paroled in June, 1862; 
removed to St. Albans, Vt., in 1873; was 
private secretary to the president of the 
Central Vermont Railroad until 1892; edi- 
tor of the SL Albans Daily IMessenger 
from January 1, 1892, until Octoljer 1, 
1899; presidential elector and messenger in 
1884; chief of staff to Governor Farnham 
in 1878; Judge Advocate General, 1880 to 
1882; represented St. Albans in the Ivegis- 
lature in 1896. Was Commander of Abra- 
ham Ivincoln Pest No. 11, Department of 
Massachusetts; Commander of A. R. Hul- 
burt Post No. 60, Department of Vermont, 
one term, and Commander of the Depart- 
ment of Vermont, G-A-R., one term. 

George T. Childs, St. Albans, Vt. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 5th Mass. Vols. 

William T. Eustis was born in Rumford, 
Me., August 19, 1837. At the breaking 
out of the war was in Boston, in the hard- 
ware business with the late Benjamin Cal- 
lender. When President Lincoln's first 
call was made for seventj--five thousand 
men, without an hour's notice he left his 
citizen's dress in the store and put on a 
" loyal " uniform. Enlisting in Compau)^ 
I (afterward Company B), Somerville 
Ivight Infantry, Captain George O. Bras- 

Notwithstanding he re-enlisted after his 
first term of service, he has alwaj^s looked 
upon the answer to that first call, as the 
most patriotic of them all, for he left a 
business paying him a handsome income 
to enlist as a private, because his country 

Minute Men of '61 


Edward K. Davis 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 5th Mass. Sergt. Co. H, 19th Mass. Vols. 

Born ill Haverhill, in LS19. Hi.s grand- 
father, William Davis, was a Minute Man 
in the Revolution as were his brothers 
Kbenezer and Charles. His mother's 
uncle, General Benjamin Moers. for gallant 
service at Fort Ticonderoga, was given a 
large tract of land in New York near Lake 
Chauiplain now known as Moers, the deed 
of which is still in the Davis family. 

As he was on the Police force of Charles- 
town, he could not get released in time to 
join the Sixth Regiment in which were 
many of his friends and relatives, but later 
on enlisted in the City Guards Fifth Regi- 
ment, Colonel Boyd commanding. 

He afterwards re-enlisted in Compau}- 
H, Nineteenth Regiment. 

He died June 4, 1903, six days l)L'fore his 
eighty-fourth birthda\-. 

His sister, Mrs. Nancy Buswell (still 
living) made the first flag which left Haver- 
hill from silk and ribbons from her milli- 
nery store, in three days. It is now in the 
Post Hall in Haverhill. 

Kdw.'IRD Kimh.m,!, D.avis, Maiden, Mass. 

Minnie Men of '61 

5th Mass. Regt. Sergt. 19th Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Edward K. Davis, was born at Haverhill ^ 
Mass., June 10, 1819. Rnlisted at Presi- 
dent Lincoln's finst call, April 15, 1861, in 
the Fifth M.V.M., as private. Re-enlisted 
August, 1861, in the Nineteenth, as Ser- 

His father, John Davis, of the same town, 
served in the Haverhill Light Infantry in 
the war of 1812, and after his discharge 
went as privateer. Was taken prisoner by 
Admiral Brock and carried to Halifax. 

His grandfather, William Davis, fought 
at Bunker Hill, and his great grandfather 
in the F'rench and Indian war and in every 
battle of the Revolution in which Washing- 
ton was engaged. His maternal grand- 
father, Jonathan Moore, was a soldier 
of the Revolution and brother of Major- 
General Moore, one of Washington's aids. 


Minute Men of '61 

Edwin C. Benns;tt 

Minvite Men of '61 

Co. I, 5th Massachusetts Regiment 

Edwin C. Bennett, was born in Sonier- 
ville, Mass., Februarys, 1840. He was a 
private in Company I, [Fifth Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia in the three months" ser- 
vice. He joined the Twentj-Second Mas- 
sachusetts Volunteers September 16, 1861, 
as Sergeant, was promoted Second Ivieu- 
tenant August 5, 1862, and commissioned 
Captain, August 27, 1863. He was brevet- 
ted Ivieutenant-Colonel United States Vol- 
tmteers, March 13, 1865, for gallant and 
meritorious services. He was wounded at 
Fredericksburg, Va., December 13, 1862, 
an ounce l)all passing through the angle of 
his left jaw, lodging in his neck. On June 
2, 1864, he was detailed Adjutant-General 
Second Brigade, First Division Fifth Corps, 
and remained at front on staff cUity until 
expiration of term October 3, following. 
On leaving Brigade he was presented 
with two letters of commendation signed 
by all the commissioned officers present of 
the Thirty-Second Massachusetts and One 
Hundred and Fifty-Fifth Pennsylvania 

Since the war he was for twelve vears 
Assistant Postmaster at St. Louis, Mo.", and 
for five years prior to return in 1897 to 
Somerville, manager of a mining company 
in New Mexico. Died Februar}" 27, 1904, 

John Henry Eames, Marshfield Hills 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E, 5th Mass. Regt. 

John Henry Eames was born in Medford, 
Mass., December 16, 1834. He joined the 
Lawrence Light Guard of Medford of the 
Fifth Regiment, M.V.M., in 1859; was 
promoted Corporal and Sergeant; enlisted 
with his company under the first call for 
troops, April 15, 1861, as Company E of 
the Fifth Regiment, for its first three 
months' service; participated in the first 
l)attle of Bull Run, July 11; was mustered 
out July 31, 1861. Again enlistetl as Ser- 
geant in Lawrence 1 ight Guard Company 
C, Thirty-Ninth Massachusetts Volunteers, 
August 15, 1861, for three years, and 
served till close of the war; was promoted 
First Sergeant, Sergeant-Major, Second 
and First Lietitenant, but on account of 
Ijeing confined a prisoner of war was never 
mustered as a commissioned officer; was 
captured bv the confederates at the battle 
of the We'ldon R. R., Va., August 19, 
1S64, and was held a prisoner in Libljy 
prison. Bell Isle and Salisbury, N. C, till 
February 24, 1865. Returning home after 
his release, broken in health, and for 
many months totally blind. After more 
than four years of suffering being unable 
to engage in any occupation, his health 
had so far improved that in 1870 he was 
appointed Postmaster of INIeilford by Presi- 
dent U. S. Grant, and held that position 
till 1886. He now resides with his family 
at Marshfield Hills, Mass. 

Minute Mkn of '61 


James H. Griggs, Past President 

Minute Men of '61 

5th Mass. 33d Mass. and Capt. 37th Regrt. U. S. V. 

James H. Griggs, was born in Dedliam, 
Mass., in 1838. lu the early spring of 
1856, he went west, living in various parts 
of Illinois until the latter part of 1857, 
when he drifted to the Mississippi river, 
and, for something more than two years 
was engaged in plain boating on that river, 
and its tributaries. Returning to Massa- 
chusetts in 1860, he settled in Reading, 
and on April 16, 1861, enlisted as private 
in Company B, Fifth Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia, participating with that com- 
mand in the first battle of Bull Run, July 
21, 1861, being severely wovnded and taken 
prisoner, and confined in Libby, Tusca- 
loosa and Salisbury until June 4, 1862. 
When released, he enlisted in Company!), 
Thirty-Third Massschusetts \'()lunteers as 
Sergeant and was discharged in March 
1863, for disal)ility from wounds. In De- 
cember 1863, re-entered the service in the 
Thirty-Seventh United States Colored 
Troops, serving with that command 
through the campaign of 1864, in front of 
Petersburg, in the Army of the James. 
Went with the expedition to P'ort I'isher, 
M. C, on both attacks, and at the con- 
clusion of the war, was with Sherman at 
Raleigh, N. C. Is now a resident of Som- 
erville, Mass. 

Oscar Persons, Hudson, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 5th Massachusetts ReKiment 

Born in 1839, and lived at Woburn, 
Mass., when he responded with alacrity to 
the summons of the government to meet 
and repel the traitors. In April, 1861, the 
Company- left their Armory, under an 
escort of nearly a thousand citizens, with a 
band of music, and marched to Boston, 
and were quartered with their Regiment 
in Faneuil Hall. Before leaving IMassa- 
chusetts a Testament and a five dollar gold 
piece was presentrd every man of the 

Mustered out, expiration of term of ser- 
vice, July 30, 1861. After close of war, he 
was interested in newspaper work and the 
last twenty years of his life was connected 
with "Hudson Enterprise," Hudson, 
INIass. Died, June 26, 1901. 


Minute Men of '61 

Capt. George Eincoln Prekcott 

Minute Men of '61 

5th Mass. Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S Vols. 

Colonel Prescott was born in L/ittleton, 
Mass., May 21, 1829. Moved to Concord 
in 1833. When the war broke out he 
enlisted for three months and left Concord 
April 19, 1861, as First Lieutenant, com- 
manding Company A, Fifth Regiment, 
M.V.M. (Concord Artillery). Engaged 
in one battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861. 

On expiration of service he returned 
home and raised a new company which 
was attached to the First Battalion Infan- 
try, Massachusetts Volunteers, and later 
became the nucleus of the Third Regi- 
ment. He commanded the convalescent 
camp at Alexandria, Va., during the fall 
of 1862. 

After the battle of F'redericksburg he 
was commissioned Colonel. Then came 
Gettysburg and the long hard Wilderness 
Campaign. On June 16, 1864, they car- 
ried the James River and marched to 
within three miles of Petersljurg, \'a. 

On June 18, 1864, Colonel Prescott fell 
mortalh' wounded, as the Third Regiment 
charged the rebel earthworks, driving the 
enemy back across an open field over the 
Norfolk railroad. Died June 19, 1864, at 
Petersburg, Va. 

William N. Tyler, Wakefield, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, 5th, Co. E, 50th Mass. Ser. Mj.Sth Rgt.M.V.M. 

William N. Tajdor was born at Andover, 
Mass., December 7, 1834. Parents moved 
to South Reading, now Wakefield, in 1840. 
Educated in the public schools of vSouth 
Reading. First enlisted in April, 1861, in 
Company B, Fifth Regiment, Massachu- 
setts Volunteer Minute Men; first engage- 
ment, first battle of Pull Run. Mustered 
out July 31, 1861. Second enlistment, 
Corporal Company E, Fiftieth Regiment, 
Massachusetts Volunteers. Mustered in 
September 19, 1862; second engagement, 
siege of Port Hudson. Mustered out 
August 24, 1863. Third enlistment, Ser- 
geant of Company E, Eighth Regiment, 
M.V.M., July 17, 1864; promoted to Ser- 
geant-Ma jor Augiist 1, 1864, stationed at 
Baltimore, Md. Mustered out Novembei" 
10. 1864. 

. Minute Mkn of '61 


Warren A. Bird 

Minute Men of "61 

Co. I, 5th Mass Vol. Regt. 

"Warren A. Bird, Company I, Fifth Massachusetts 
Regiment, son of Charles and Caroline Frost Bird, 
was born in Cambridge. Mass.. Oct. 14. 1S37, and 
died Sept. 9, 1907, at Natick. Mass. He was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Somerville and 
Natick. At the age of nine he went to Natick to 
live, where he continued to reside until his death. 
He was married twice. In 1S62 to Elmira A. 
Sleeper, and in 1S90 to Mary E. Kingsbury, his 
widow and one daughter by his first wife surviv- 
ing him (Mrs. Homer H. Fiske.) 

He enlisted from Somerville. as many compan- 
ions of his early life lived there, and he desired to 
be with them. After his return from service, he 
took up his residence in Natick. where he engaged 
in shoe manufacturing for a time, until 1S69 when 

his father, vvlio was in the Wood and Coal business 
died, and succeeding him in the lousiness which he 
conducted successfully to the time of his death. 

He had ser\ed three years as a member of the 
I,e.gislatiire. Also three years on the Board of 
Selectmen, with great credit and honor, as he 
always was deeply interested in everything that 
made for the betterment of the Town. He was a 
member of General Wad,sworth , Tost 63, G-A-R. 
He was a member of Meridian Lodge, A. P. & 
A. M., Parker Royal Arch Chapter, Natick Com- 
mandcry. In his death the town of Natick lost 
one of its most esteemed citizens, whose memory 
will continue to exert a good influence for many 


Minute Mrn of '61 

JcsEPH MOULTON, Winchester, Ma =. 

Minute Men of '61 
5th Mass. Sergt. Co. H, 5th Mass. 9 mos. 

Charles H. Abbott (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 5th Mass. Regt. Re-enlisted Co. B, 5th U. S. A. 

John P< li.ock. Salem, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

5th Mass. Regt. Col. 40th Mass. Inft. 

William F. Alden. Cambridge, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
:o. f:, 5th Mass. Co. C, 39th Mass. Regt. 

Minute Men of "61 


Oliver S. Adams, Lynn, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, 5th Mass. Bugler Co. B, Ist'R. I. Cav. 

Oeorge H. Wiley. Boston, 

Minute Men of '61 

Lt. Co. H. 5th Lt. Co. A. 39th Mass. Vols. 

Charles Kilburn. Lunenburg:, (deceased) Royal S. Carr, Winchester. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 Minute Men of '61 

5th Mass. Sergt. 23d Mass. Regt. Co. E- 5th Mass. Co. C, -^9tli Mass. & ISth T. S. Vols. 


Minute Mrn of '61 

r,i;oR<;E K. BuxTOX, Everett, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. A, .=^th (J- M. Sergt. 2d Mass. H. A. 

Jo.SKPH YouNC, Somerville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I. 5th Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Stephen II. Davis. West Somerville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. D. 5th :\Iass., also l.'th Maine Vols. 

John E. Tidd, Woburn, Mass. (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 
5th Mass. Reg-t. Capt. 32d Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Minute Men of '61 


John A. Sumxer, Peabody, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Corp. Co. H, 5th Mass. Regt. 

C( R". Ch.\kles H. B.\ilky 

:Minute ^Slen of '61 

Cc C, 5th Mass. Vol. Corp. on the Colors 

\ViLLi.\M E. Robinson, (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 

1st Et. Co. I, 5th Mass. Regt. 



Frkkman a. I.nRiNC. Mcdfofd, :\Iass. (decca.sed' 

Minute Men of '61 

Fifth Massachusetts Regiment 


Minute Men of '61 

Wll.LiAJi P. G-A-^ , 1\I( r; . 11 Cit\ , I,;i. 

Minute Men of '61 

5th Mas'. Regt., 24Ui A. as-. V>1,'-. T. S. C. Cav. 

KnWARD W. REYNOLDS, Coiicoid. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. .Sth Ma AS. 59th Regt. Vol.s. 

Samukl W. TtCK, Manchester. Mass. 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. K, 5th Mass. & Lt. 22d Mass. (decea.sed) 

Elk.^n.^h Crosby. Sonierville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I. 5th Mass. Co. E, 29th Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Minute Men of '61 


Enoch J. Clark, Charlestown, Mass. (deceased) 

Minute Men of "61 

Corp. Co. K, 5th Ma,s,s. Re.ct. 

SSEPHEN H. Reynolds. Hyde Park, .Mass. 

Minute Men of "61 

Co. G, 5th Jlass. Reg-t. 1st Mass. I,iahl Battery 

Henry H. D. Cushing, Medford. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

5th Mass. Sergt. Co. C, 39th Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Mendell S. Webber, Salem. Mas 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. A, 5th Mass. Regt. 


Minute Men of '61 

William F. Summer, Peabody, Mass 

Minute Men of '61 

I^t. Co. H, 5th Mass. Regt. 

Jeremiah Dalton. Braintree. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. (*T. 5th Massachusetts Regiment 

William H. Gardner, Salem, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. A, Fifth Massachusetts Regiment 

George F. Whitcomb Ikilled Oct. 19, 1864) 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. 5th Regt. M.V.M. Capt. 30th Regt. Mass. Vol. 

Minute Men of '61 


Edwin F. Wyer, Woburn, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. I. 5th Massachusetts Regiment 

CHARLli.s L). W. I.AiNt Maileli. Mn 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. K. .Sth Mass. Reirt. 


m 1^. 

z^^-' -r. 



Gi;i)KGK D. Booker, ISIedford, ?ilass. 

Minute Jlen of '61 

Co. E. ?th Mass. Sergt. Co. C. 39th Regt. M.V.:\I. 

Joseph E. \\'n,KV, .Stoiuliani, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B. Hh Mass. Seriirt. Co. I.. II. A. 


Minute Men of '61 

Melvillk D. Jonks. Somerville, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. C. 5th Ma.ssachu.setts Regiment 

Louis J. Shi:i'.\kd 

Minute Men of '61 

Fifth Massachu.setts Regiment 

JAMKS R. -Hopkins. SomeiMlle, Ma,ss. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 5th Mass. Regt. 


Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

By John H. Norton, Company I. 

In the history of the greatest, as well 
as most groundless rebellion, that ever 
convulsed the earth, the part performed 
by the Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts 
Volunteers will always occupy an hon- 
orable place; for it was fortunate 
enough to furnish the first hero-martyrs 
to lay down their lives for their coun- 
try, and to stand at the head of the long, 
bright roll inscribed with the names of 
the brave men who have sealed their 
patriotism with their blood, during the 
tremendous civil strife of 1861-5. This 
honor should not, however, be ascribed 
to its mere good fortune, for it was an 
exalted, patriotic zeal and fervor that 
impelled it to be first, rather than any 
stroke of luck, that placed the name of 
the regiment on so bright a page of its 
country's history. 

Many of its members had long cher- 
ished the military spirit, and that, too, 
at a time when that spirit was nearly 
dead in Massachusetts, and some of the 
company organizations were among the 
earliest formed in the State, and had 
for years been the propagating nurser- 
ies of that patriotism which rallied to 
the defence of constitutional liberty and 
law, when they were assailed by traitors. 
It was the drill in quiet times, the holi- 
day show which evoked the derision of 
the philanthropist, and the opposition 
of the advocate of peace; the parade and 
muster, on which too many looked as 
the mere entertainment of a day, of no 
practical utility; it was this that pre- 
pared, and had in readiness, the men 
and the arms, and the needed skill, 
w^hen the occasion called for their use 
in the stern work of actual service. 

At such a time — when the military 

spirit had nearly died out in the State; 
when the militia of Massachusetts was 
about obsolete, and the soldier in uni- 
form was looked upon by thousands as 
a mere popinjay, half fuss and half 
feathers, — one far-seeing man, in whose 
prophetic mind the events of the near 
and fast-approaching future had begun 
to shape themselves, commenced to re- 
vive the State military; and by his in- 
fluence as chief executive, and also 
through the Legislature and the people, 
he resurrected the militia system, and 
gave it new vitality and force. And it 
is largely to the influence of Governor 
N. P. Banks that we owe the re-organiza- 
Franklin Print SEVEN Deshon 26 
tion and efficiency of that system that 
was in comparative readiness, when the 
great occasion called for it, to stand be- 
tween the government and treason, — the 
country and its enemies. 

As will be seen in the course of the 
following pages, the regiment whose his- 
tory is here chronicled occupies its dis- 
tinguished position because it had given 
heed to the injunction of the Father of 
his Country and in time of peace, had 
prepared for war. It was owing to the 
cultivation of the military spirit 
through the previous years, that it was 
ready when the great emergency came. 

The latent treason that had been rip- 
ening its poison for forty years in the 
southern portion of the Rei)ublic, on the 
election of Abraham Lincoln to the 
Presidency of the United States pro- 
ceeded to avert rebellion. It was con- 
fined to resolutions and words, until 
Ai)ril 12, 1S61, when it assaulted the 


Minute Men of '61 

flag of the country. The telegraph 
flashed the tidings as soon as the act 
was perpetrated; so that on the same 
day that the guns of South Carolina 
were turned on the gallant garrison in 
Fort Sumter, they found echoes in 
twenty million loyal hearts. The anx- 
iety and excitement that everywhere 
prevailed were terrible. A handful of 
soldiers had been forced to surrender to 
thousands of traitors, and the entire 
people were resolved to punish the per- 
petrators to the bitter end. Civil war was 
inaugurated, and the President called 
for a special session of Congress, and 
for seventy-five thousand men to "rally 
round the flag," and rush to the defence 
of their country and government. The 
response was magnificent. The plough, 
the loom, the ledger, the bar, the pulpit, 
all the vocations of ordinary life, were 
abandoned, and men of all conditions 
and circumstances flew to arms, and 
gave their cheerful response to the call 
of the nation's Chief Magistrate. 

First to offer its services; first to 
reach its State's capital; first to reach 
the nation's capital; first to inflict suf- 
fering on traitors; first to "attest its sin- 
cerity with its blood, — was the Sixth 
Massachusetts Regiment of Volunteer 

When it seemed probable to far-seeing 
men that there would be trouble with 
the refractory spirits in the South, and 
while the most of people did not fore- 
see the coming storm, a meeting was 
called at the suggestion of Major-Gen- 
eral B. F. Butler, of the officers of the 
regiment, to arrange for future contin- 
gencies. It was held in the American 
House, Lowell, Jan. 21, 1861. At that 
meeting, Major B. F. Watson presented 
a resolution, pledging the services of the 
regiment to the Government, and the 
proposition received the unanimous sup- 
port of the officers. It was carried to 
Boston by General Butler, who was then 
in the Massachusetts Senate, and was by 

him read in the Legislature. The reso- 
lution reads as follows: 

Resolved, That Colonel Jones be au- 
thorized and requested, forthwith, to 
tender the services of the Sixth Regi- 
ment to the Commander-in-Chief and 
Legislature, when such service may be- 
come desirable, for the purpose contem- 
plated in General Order No. 4. 

This was probably the first act of the 
volunteer militia of the country to meet 
the approaching strife. 

The readiness of the regiment to meet 
the danger thrust upon the nation is 
largely, perhaps entirely, due to General 
Butler's sagacity. 

When the time comes to write the his- 
tory of the war his name will fill a 
space second to that occupied by but 
few others. In devotedness to his coun- 
try, in fertility of resources to over- 
come new and trying emergencies, in 
complete success where most would have 
failed. General Butler had no superior, 
if he had an equal. 

When at length the call came, tele- 
grams and couriers flew to all parts of 
the command, notifying the members 
of the regiment; some of the officers — 
Colonel Jones among them — riding all 
night on their patriotic errands. The 
"Middlesex villages and farms" then 
heard the pounding of hoofs and the 
alarm cry of danger, as in the olden 
time they had listened to the midnight 
ride of Paul Revere. The official call 
came April 15th, as follows: 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

Adjutant General's OflSce, Boston, 
April 15, 1861. 
Colonel Jones, 

Sir: — I am directed by His Excellency, 
the Commander-in-Chief, to order you to 
muster your regiment on Boston Com- 
mon, forthwith, in com])liance with a 
requisition made by the President of the 
United States. The troops are to go to 

By order of His Excellency, the Com- 


Adjutant-General, j 

Minute Men of '61 


The members of the regiment, when 
its numbers were fully made up, were 
scattered over four counties, Middlesex, 
Essex, Suffolk and Worcester, and in 
more than thirty towns, and yet, with 
but a few hours' notice, the bulk of them 
mustered early on the morning of the 
16th and the rest within a few hours 
after, making in all about seven hun- 
dred men and officers, ready at this first 
call to don the armor of actual war. 


The Groton, Acton and Law^-ence 
companies received most enthusiastic 
farewells, the several communities be- 
ing roused to the intensest pitch of ex- 
citenxent and, bidding good-by to their 
friends, the men hastened to the ren- 
dezvous in Lowell, where, with the four 
Lowell companies, they made up the 
original Sixth. 

Lawrence manifested its patriotism in 
manifold ways. On the departure of the 
two Lawrence companies, the city gov- 
ernment made an appi'opriation of five 
thousand dollars toward the assistance 
of the members, and the comfort of 
their families; spontaneous mass meet- 
ings were held, attended by the people, 
and addressed by the clergy and the 
principal citizens; and resolutions were 
passed, approving the action of the city 
government and pledging the entire re- 
sources of the city in aid of the war. 
The first meeting held after the fall of 
Sumter was organized by the choice of 
Hon. Artemus Harmon, president; Dr. 
S. Sargent. Hon. Albert Warren, Hon. 
Daniel Saunders, Jr., Major B. F. Wat- 
son, Levi P. Wright, John C. Hoadley, 
N. W. Harmon, George S. Merrill, 
George W. Hills and Lamson Rice, vice 
presidents; and E. T. Colby and John K. 
Tarbox, secretaries. The spirit that an- 
imated the people was one that will ever 
honor the city in the minds of all who 
hereafter shall read that page in her 

As the companies left for Lowell the 
enthusiasm of the people knew no 

bounds. The day was cold and dismal; 
rain and sleet were falling, but the mul- 
titude of the population attended the 
companies to the cars; and at the sta- 
tion the largest crowd ever seen in the 
city bade them God-speed with tears and 

When the regiment had assembled in 
Huntington Hall, Rev. Amos Hlanchard, 
D.D., read the Eightieth Psalm, after 
which addresses of a patriotic charac- 
Franklin Pring EIGHT 
ter were made by the Major, Hon. B. C. 
Sargent, A. R. Brown, T. H. Sweetzer, 
Captain Peter Haggerty, Hon. Linus 
Child, Colonel G. F. Sawtell and Hon. 
Tappan Wentworth. All party divis- 
ions and distinctions were abandoned, 
and those who, during subsequent 
stages of the struggle, endeavored to 
embarrass the government, w-ere 
prompt to urge the citizen soldiery to 
lally to the capital. 

Future generations will find it difficult 
to imagine the excitement that pervad- 
ed all classes and conditions of this por- 
tion of the people of the old Bay State. 
The fires that burned at Concord and 
Lexington in the days of '76 had only 
been smouldering, and they flashed with 
all their old-time l)rightness at the first 
demonstration of aimed rebellion. After 
the eight companies had been addressed 
by Hon. B. C. Sargent, Mayor of Lowell, 
and as they were departing, the entire 
population of that busy city thronged 
after them. Never did that city know 
a sensation more profound. 

Men in all positions encouraged those 
who went. Money was contributed by 
the wealthy; professional men proffered 
their services gratuitously, and the sol- 
diers and their families became objects 
of the tender regard of all. Mayor Sar- 
gent, on his own authority, assured the 
soldiers ere they departed that they and 
their families should be cared for by 
the city; and the city government 
promptly responded by unanimously 
voting eight thousand dollars to be used 
for that purpose by a joint committee. 


Minute Men of '61 

Sacilfices were made by men and offi- 
cers, such as might, before the fact, 
have been deemed impossible. Not only 
like their revolutionary ancestry, did 
they leave the plough in the furrow, but 
business and professional men, without 
a moment's hesitation, abandoned every 
prospect and engagement. Many in- 
stances might be given. Major Watson 
bad but two hours' notice, but he locked 
the door of his law office, leaving a 
large docket to look out for itself, and 
most impoitant business inteiests, and 
for four months saw and knew nothing 
of them. Nor was he alone. , Lucrative 
positions, profitable professional pur- 
suits of the most important character, 
wei e counted as nothing and were aban- 
doned as cheei fully and with as noble 
a spirit as men ever carried into their 
country's defence. In the unifoims of 
privates stood many qualified to grace 
any nation in life, the peeis of any in 
high official position, who had foisaken 
places of great emolument for a soldier's 
poor remuneration. 

In Boston excited thousands escorted 
them to Faneuil and Boy:ston halls ami 
on the next day to the State House, 
where they exchanged their old mus- 
kets for the modem rifle, and where 
they were addressed by Governor An- 
drew in language glowing with patriotic 
fervor and full of faith in theii- efforts 
to sustain the government. He then 
presented the regimental colors to Col- 
onel Jones. 

On presenting the fiag Governor An- 
drew said: 

Soldiers, summoned suddenly, with 
but a moment for pieparation, we have 
done all that lay in the power of men 
to do — all that rested in the power of 
your state government to do — to prepare 
the citizen soldiers cf Massachusetts for 
this ser'vice. We shall follow you with 
our benedictions, our benefactions, and 
prayers. Those whom you leave behind 
you we shall cherish in our heart of 
hearts. You carry with you our utmost 
faith and confidence. We know that you 
never will return until you can bring the 
assurances that the utmost duty has 
been performed, which brave and patri- 

otic men can accomplish. This flag, sir, 
take and bear with you. It will be aa 
emblem on which all eyes will rest, re- 
minding you always of that which you 
are bound to hold most dear. 

In reply. Col. .Jones said: 

Your Excellency, you have given to 
me this flag, which is the emblem of 
■ all that stands before you. It repre- 
sents my whole command; and so help 
me God, I will never disgrace il ! 

Before leaving the city the youthful 
daughter of the colonel, Lizzie Clawson 
.Jones, was adopted as Daughter of the 

During the day the companies from 
Worcester, Stoneham and Boston joined 
the Regiment, belonging to other Regi- 
ments in the organization of the state 
militia, they were detached from their 
own organizations for this purpose and, 
at seven in the evening, they took up 
their line of march for the Worcester 
depot, where the cars were taken for 
Washington. Along the route the firing 
of cannon, linging of bells, shouts of 
people and all possible demonstrations 
of applause were heard; at Worcester 
the military, fire department and thou- 
sands of people lined the track as the 
train passed along. In New York the 
streets were literally packed with sol- 
diers and people to honor them. At 
noon, the 18th, tJiey left the city via 
Jersey City, at which place and all 
through New Jersey similar crowds at- 
tended them, making their entire jour- 
ney one grand ovation, such as no reg- 
iment ever before received. At Phil- 
adelphia, beyond all other places, their 
reception was enthusiastic. So dense 
were the crowds that the Regiment 
could only move through the streets by 
the flank. The officeis were sumptu- 
ously entertained at the Continental Ho- 
tel, and the soldiers were quartered at 
the Girard House, then new, and entire- 
ly empty and unfurnished. Worn out 
with the fatigue and excitement of two 
days, they were glad to spread their 
blankets foi- the soldiei's great bless- 
ing — sleep. 

Minute Men of '61 


The Regiment had scarcely retired to 
rest in Philadelphia, when the long roll 
sounded, and they were obliged to tui'n 
out, leaving Philadelphia at one o'clock 
a.m., A])ril 19, to write the first bloody 
line in the history of the sanguinary 
war, tlie opening scenes of which were 
distinguished by some of those singular 
coincidences that have been numerous 
in its progress. If it had been in the 
power of the government, for dramatic 
and patriotic effect, to arrange the pro- 
gi-am in the best possible manner, could 
any otiier day have been so propitious 
for treason to strike down its first 
victims, as the anniversary of the day. 
on which was "fired the shot heard 
round the world," at Lexington, April 
19, 1775? And is it not remarkable, that 
some of the descendants of the very 
men who then shed their lilood in the 
beginning of the first great War for 
Independence, should have been the first 
to fall in the last, and that, too, on the 
same immortal day? The nineteenth of 
April hereafter will unite Lexington and 
Baltimore on the page of American his- 
tory; for each began a long and bloody 
war, and Middlesex County was repre- 
sented in both conflicts. 

The regimental dress at this time was 
far from uniform. Each company was 
literally an independent one in apparel. 
Company A had changed its name to the 
National Greys, and its uniforms were 
being made, but they were unfinished, 
and the men left for Washington with 
blue frocks and black pantaloons, tall 
round caps, and w'hite pompoms. Com- 
pany B wore the United States regula- 
tion uniform; that is, dark blue frocks, 
•and light blue trousers. Company C 
wore gray dress coats, cai)s, and panta- 
loons, and yellow trimmings. Company 
D, the same as C, with buff trimmings. 
Companies E and F were dressed like B, 
and Company G wore blue dress coats; 
Company H, gray throughout; Company 
I, caps, and dark blue frocks and red 

pants, in the French style. Company K 
wore gray, and Company L was dressed 
in l)iue. 

At the instance of General Butier, 
Governor Andrew provided all with ex- 
cellent gray overcoats, so that quite an 
appearance of uniformity was preserved. 

Before coming home, however, they 
were furnished with a sort of Zouave 
suit, consisting of gray voitigeur jack- 
ets, single-breasted, with full trousers, 
and fez caps with dark tassels for fa- 
tigue, and gray hats turned up at the 
side, with red trimmings, for dress. 
Some of the boys thought there was a 
march of two or three hours inside 
their trousers" legs. The officers wore 
the Massachusetts State uniform, dark 
blue frocks, light blue trousers, with 
broad white stripes on the side. 

The adoption of gray by the rebels, 
gradually induced our soldiers to wear 
the old national color, blue, until it was 
compelled to do so by army regulations. 

While tiie soldiers were seeking re- 
pose. Colonel .Jones had a conference 
with Brigadier-General P. S. Davis of 
the First Brigade, Massachusetts Mili- 
tia (afterwards colonel of the Thirty- 
ninth Massachusetts, killed at Peters- 
burg, July 11, 1864), who had been sent 
forward by Governor Andrew to arrange 
subsistence and transportation, and who 
had heard the most exciting rumors 
and threats from Baltimore. General 
Davis related them to Colonel .Jones, 
and also the opinions of prominent Phil- 
adelphians, as well as his own. that 
there would be a stormy time of it 
when the Regiment should re:'.ch the 
:Monumental City, and he declined to 
take the responsibility of ordering the 
Regiment either to go on, or to wait 
further 'information. Colonel .Tones' 
reply was. "My orders are to reach 
Washington at the earliest possible mo- 
ment, and I shall go on." General Da- 
vis, extending his hand, replied. "Colo- 
nel, if you go on. I shall go with you." 
The only fear Colonel .Jones exi)ressed, 


Minute Men oe '61 

in continuing tlie conference was, tliat 
the train miglit be destroyed by an ob- 
struction on the traclt, or by the destruc- 
tion of a bridge, causing a wliolesale 
slaughter, for which the friends of the 
Regiment would hold liim responsible; 
but he added, "My orders are peremp- 
tory and, whatever may be the conse- 
quences, I must proceed." 

These officers then went to the depot 
of the Philadelphia & Baltimore Rail- 
road, and had an interview with Hon. S. 
M. Felton. President of the road, and ar- 
ranged that he should despatch a pilot 
engine in advance of the train, and take 
every precaution to avoid a casualty. 
Then the Regiment was aroused, and all 
possible care taken in embarking the 
men, so that, if called uiion to debark 
suddenly, they would be in regimental 
line. The car containing the field and 
staff was at the head of the train. At 
Havre-de-Grace, the cars were not run 
off the ferry-boat in the order in which 
they went on. and the train for the rest 
of the way, of course, did not convey 
the Regiment in its proper order. This 
derangement, as will be seen subse- 
quently, changed the fate of men, con- 
ferring the laurel crown of martyrdom 
on those who otherwise would have lost 
that distinguished honor. "Man pro- 
poses; God disposes." 

Company K, Captain Sampson, was to 
have had the left, and thus with Major 
Watson, would have had the post of 
honor, but for the derangement at 
Havre-de-Grace, which misplaced the 
companies, so that on their arrival in 
Baltimore, Company D occupied the po- 
sition of Company K and Company I, 
which belonged on the right, was trans- 
ferred to the left. Thus the projected 
program was broken up, so that, on a 
sudden call, confusion would be^sure to 
ensue. This derangement does not seem 
to have been observed; for, on debark- 
ing, Major Watson took his position 
with Company K, supposing he was with 
the extreme left of the battalion. 


At every station communication was 
had with the railroad officials in Balti- 
more, and constant assurance was re- 
ceived that there would be no trouble 
unless the Regiment provoked it. Or- 
ders were, therefore, given to the band 
to confine their music to tunes that 
would not be likely to give offence, es- 
pecially avoiding" the popular air, 
"Dixie." Quartermaster Munroe dis- 
tributed twenty rounds of ball car- 
tridges, and Colonel Jones went through 
the cars, issuing an order that the Regi- 
ment should march across Baltimore in 
column of sections. The Regiment here 
loaded and capped their rifles. As soon 
as the cars reached the station the en- 
gine was unshackled, horses were 
hitched to the cars, and they were 
dravv'n rapidly away. Colonel Jones was 
unacquainted with this practice of draw- 
ing the cars across the city by horses, 
and supposed that they had not yet 
reached the Baltimore station, but that 
when it was reached his mfirch would 
commence. He had not the remotest 
idea that the cars were thus to be 
drawn across the city, or he would have 
compelled them to stop, and have car- 
ried out his program. The railroad 
authorities had not consulted him, but 
made unusual haste in order to get 
across at that early hour, before the 
mob would be ready to do violence, for 
the Regiment was not expected until 
about noon. At that time there was no 
crowd in the streets, and the whole ap- 
pearance of the city was unusually 
quiet. The etirly arrival of the Regi- 
quiet, at about ten o'clock a. m., evi- 
dently took the people by surprise. Of 
course under these circumstances the 
program could not be changed and the 
cars rapidly followed each other, all but 
one arriving without particular incident. 


Some slight demonstrations were 
made en one or two of the cars contain- 

Minute Men of '61 


ing- thp Fifth and Sixth Companies, but 
nothing like an attacl? was made until 
the seventh car started. 

Major Watson, as lie had been ordered, 
just before I'eaching Baltimore, repaired 
to the left. Company K. Captain Samp- 
son, to see the I'ear of the battalion 
across the city. He took his position, 
and as he was about ordering those in 
the car, some fifty guns to debark, 
standing on the ground himself for that 
puri)ose, the cars in advance were set 
in motion, and whisl^^ed away as if by 
magic across the city, and m a moment 
his own car started, which he thought 
was the last one, containing as it did 
the left of the Regiment. He, of course, 
could only spring aboard and follow the 
rest of the Regiment. It was no sooner 
started, than it was attacked l)y clubs, 
paving-stones and other missiles. The 
men were verv anxious to fire on their 
assailants, but Major Watson forbade 
them, until they should be attacked by 
fire-arms One or two soldiers were 
Avounded by paving-stones and bricl\s, 
and at length one man's thumb was 
shot, when holding tlie wounded hand 
up to the major, he asked leave to fire in 
return. Orders were then given to lie 
on the bottom of the car and load, and 
rising, to fire from the windows at will. 
These orders were promptly obeyed. 

In the passage across the city, the car 
was three times thrown from the track. 
Major Watson each time getting out, 
and compelling the driver to assist in 
removing obstructions, and getting in 
motion again. 

Referring to the roster of Company K, 
the reader will see the names of the 
first men who were wounded in this car, 
four in number. Moving with as much 
rapidity as possible, and receiving an 
occasional musket or pistol shot, or a 
shower of rocks and bricks, the car 
reached the ma'n body of the Regiment, 
when all were surprised to learn that 
the change of cars at the ferry had left 
a portion of the Regiment still behind. 
Here they halted until the four com- 

panies arrived from their ijerilous 
march across the city. 

By the time the rear car had arrived, 
an immense and increasing crowd had 
gatheied. The i)olice were ijresent in 
force, and requested Colonel .Jones to or- 
der the blinds of the cars drawn, and 
the Regiment to avoid any movement to 
excite the mol). The cars ceased arriv- 
ing, and Wm. P. Smith, superintendent 
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in- 
formed the commander that the track 
w-as so ol)structed across the city that 
the four comi)faiies still l)ehind could 
not be drawn across; but he said, "If 
you will send an order for them to 
march across. 1 will deliver it." He 
passed Colonel .tones a railroad l)lank, 
on the l)ack of which he wrote in pen- 
cil, "To the officer in command of de- 
tachment of Sixth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment: — Ycu will march to this i)lace as 
quick'y as possible; follow the r-iilroad 
track." This order was never delivered. 
In a few minutes, Hon. Thomas Garrett, 
President of the Eahimore & Ohio Rail- 
road, came to Colonel Jones, saying, 
"Yotir soldiers are firing upon the i)eo- 
ple in the streets." "Then," said the 
commander, "they have been fired ui)on 
first." "No, they have not." was the re- 
sponse. Colonel .Jones returned, "My 
men are disciplined; my orders were 
strict, and I believe they have been 
implicitly obeyed." Events proved liim 


Meanwhile, the remaining four com- 
panies found that the rails were so torn 
up and the streets so barricaded that the 
cars could not go on. and they debarked, 
and formed to march on foot ; the mob, 
which had been accumulating until it 
must have reached many thousands, fill- 
ing the streets as far as the eye could 

Captain Foliansbee. at the desire of 
the other officers, and agreeably to his 
own wishes, took the command. There 
were but about two hundred and twenty 


Minute Men of '61 

in the column, and the mob soon reached 
ten thousand at least. The air was filled 
\Aith yells, oaths, taunts, all sorts of 
missiles, and soon pistol and musket 
shots, and Captain Follansbee gave the 
order to fire at will. But few of the 
crowd were on the front of the column, 
but they pressed on the flank and rear 
more and more furiously. At one of the 
bridges in Pratt street, a formidable 
barricade with cannon to sweep the 
streets, not quite ready for service, had 
been arranged. Here the mob supposed 
that the column would be obliged to' 
halt, but Captain Follansbee ordered his 
command to scale the barricade. Before 
the ruffians could follow over the bridge, 
or run around to Intercept them, the sol- 
diers had succeeded in getting quite a 
distance up Pratt street. Had they been 
compelled to halt at the bridge, it is 
probable that the small detachment 
would have been annihilated, for arms 
were multiplying among their assail- 
ants, and they were becoming more fu- 
rious every moment. Cheers for Jeff 
Davis and for South Carolina, and the 
South, — all sorts of insulting language, 
such as "Dig your graves!" "You can 
pray, but you can't fight!" and the like, 
were heard; but the little battalion went 
steadily ahead with no thought of turn- 
ing back. 

As the gallant detachment passed 
along Pratt street, pistols and guns were 
fired at them from the windows and 
doors of stores and houses, and our boys, 
getting a little accustomed to the 
strange circumstances in which they 
were placed, loaded their guns as they 
marched, dragging them between their 
feet and, whenever they saw a hostile 
demonstration, they took as good aim as 
they could and fired. There was no pla- 
toon firing whatever. At one place, at 
an uii])er window, a man was in the act 
of firing, when a rifle ball suggested to 
him the propriety of desisting, and he 
came headlong to the sidewalk. And 
thus the men, whose rare good fortune 
it was to contribute the first installment 
of blood to pay the price of our redemp- 

tion hurried along their way. They 
were hampered by their orders to fire 
as little as possible; they were anxious 
to get to the capital, even then sup- 
posed to be in danger; they were sep- 
arated from the larger part of the regi- 
ment, and knew not where their com- 
rades were, and thus assaulted on each 
side, and by all sorts of weapons and 
missiles, they kept on their way, load- 
ing and firing at will, marching the en- 
tire distance, a mile and a half, bearing 
several of their wounded with them, and 
reaching the station, joined the rest of 
the Regiment. 

When the four companies readied the 
rest of the command at the Washington 
depot, an immense crowd surrounded 
them, and rushing towards the car win- 
dows, they brandished revolvers, knives, 
clubs and other weapons, in angry fury, 
and with fearful shouts and yells and 
curses, the police not having — and many 
of them not caring to have — any power 
to stay the tumult. 

The column proceeded in the follow- 
ing order: Company C at the head, I 
next, then L, and D last. The colors 
were with the platoon under command 
of Lieutenant Lynde, of Company L. 
After having marched about two 
squares, the order to double-quick was 
given, and the rear of the column, some- 
what separated from the head, was more 
and more fiei'cely assailed, and Compan- 
ies L and D were mingled together. 
Captain Dyke was wounded and left 
behind, and being too far in the rear 
to see his superior officer, Lieutenant 
Lynde, in the exercise of his discretion, 
gave the order to fire on the mob. 

His orders were to escort the band 
across the city; but being unarmed, 
they refused to leave the station, and 
he left without them, keeping near the 
gallant bearer of the flag till the cars 
were reached, when tearing it from the 
staff, which could not conveniently be 
got into the cars, it was carried in safe- 
ty to Washington, and now hangs in the 
State House in Botson. 

In a private communication to me Col- 

Minute Men of '61 


onel Jones says: "Captain Follansbeo 
proved himself worthy of the confidence 
which I had always placed in him, and 
never after while under my command 
did he do ought to sacrifice one particle 
of the esteem and respect I entertained 
for him." It was rare good fortune that 
gave Captain FoUansbee this opportu- 
nity, to which he was fully equal. There 
were other officers in the regiment who 
would have given the best ten years of 
their lives to have had the same priv- 
ilege. " 


Arrived at the station, the officers 
and men were severely tried. They 
burned to avenge the wounds and death 
of their comrades, and were exasperat- 
ed to the utmost; but the orders to has- 
ten to Washington were strict and im- 
perative, and the city authorities were 
urging the departure of the regiment; 
the mob meanwhile becoming more and 
more furious. The president of the road 
said, "For God's sake. Colonel, do give 
orders to start the train, or you will 
never get out of the city for they are 
already tearing up the track." Knowing 
the temper of his officers, Colonel Jones 
dared not consult them, fearing that 
their voice would be, under such circum- 
stances, to stay and fight it out on that 
line, notwithstanding orders. Reluc- 
tantly tJie command was given to start, 
the railroad authorities doing all in 
their power to assist, by putting tools 
and workmen on board with them, who 
would remove obstructions and repair 
the road as the train went slowly on. 
In refutation of aspersions freely in- 
dulged in at the time concerning the 
managers of this road, especially of Hon. 
Thomas W. Garrett, President, and Wil- 
liam P. Smith, Master of Transportation, 
it is the testimony of Colonel Jones him- 
self that he ever found them loyal gen- 
tlemen, anxious always to do all they 
could to serve the interests of the gov- 
ernment during four months of inter- 
course between them and the Regiment. 

Seeing the train about to start the 

mob ran on ahead and placed telegraph 
poles, anchors, etc., on the track. The 
train moved a short distance and 
stopped. A rail had been removed; it 
was replaced and the cars went on; 
stopped again, the road was repaired, 
and the train proceeded; stopped again, 
and the conductor reported to the Col- 
onel that it was impossible to advance, 
that the Regiment must march to Wash- 
ington. Colonel Jones replied: "We are 
ticketed through and are going in these 
cars. If you or the engineer cannot run 
the train we have plenty of men who 
can. If you need protection or assist- 
ance you shall have it; but we go 

The crowd went on for some miles out 
as far as Jackson Bridge, near Chinka- 
pin Hill, and the police followed, re- 
moving obstructions; and at several 
places shots were exchanged. At length 
they reached the Relay House, where 
the double track ended and where they 
waited two hours — and long hours they 
were — for a train from Washington that 
had the right of way; and at length 
started again, reachmg Washington late 
in the afternoon. Major Irwin McDowell 
— since Major General McDowell of 
Geneial Scott's staff — was in waiting at 
the station to receive them. 


The loyal men of Baltimore, many of 
whom saw the whole transaction and 
endeavored to assist the volunteers as 
far as jjossible. and who were of great 
service, speak in the highest terms of 
the conduct of the four companies, of- 
ficers and men. declaring that they bore 
themselves with rare coolness and cour- 
age and elicited the admiration of all 
who saw them, who were not infuriated 
with rage against them. Hundreds might 
have been killed had the mob been pro- 
miscuously fired at. 


Fireside critics, fighting chimney-cor- 
ner campaigns, have said that the fatal 
mistake was in allowing the Regiment to 


Minute Men of '61 

remain packed in cars and drawn by 
horses, in single companies, across the 
city when an attack was expected, and 
that it was manifestly the duty of the 
Regiment to march instead of riding, and 
thus be ready at all points; but it should 
be considered that then the whole thing 
was new and was met very differently 
from w,hat it would be now; and the 
misapprehensions to which reference 
has been made explain such criticisms 
away. The events that have since trans- 
pired were not expected, for the mad- 
ness that has since prevailed and de- 
stroyed its victims was scarcely consid- 
ered possible then. 

Only they who remember those times 
will ever be able to imagine the sensa- 
tion caused by the news of this trans- 
action. Massachusetts especially was 
stirred from Essex to Berkshire, and it 
would have been easy to raise men 
enough to lay Baltimore in ashes; and 
had the existence of that city proved 
a permanent impediment to the passage 
of loyal troops to the capital, it would 
have been destroyed. Throughout the 
North the determination was all but uni- 
versal to make a highway through Bal- 
timore to Washington. "Through Bal- 
timore" became a rallying cry, until it 
was settled that the Monumental City — • 
its loughs who had always disgraced it, 
emptied into the rebel army — had be- 
come loyal and true to the Union. 


Governor Andrew immediately trans- 
mitted the following characteristic dis- 
patch to the Mayor of Baltimore: 
To His Honor, the Mayor. 

I pray you to cause the bodies of our 
Massachusetts soldiers dead in Balti- 
moie, to be immediately laid out, pre- 
served witli ice, and tenderly sent for- 
ward by express to me. All expenses 
will be paid by this Commonwealth. 
Governor of Massachusetts. 

Mayor George William Brown of Bal- 
timore responded to Governor Andrew 
and in the course of his dispatch he al- 

luded to the passage of our troops 
tnrough Baltimore as an invasion of the 
soil of Maryland; declaring, however, 
that the dead and wounded should be 
tenderly cared for and that Baltimore 
would claim it as her right to pay all 
expenses incurred. 

Governor Andrew responded by say- 

1 appreciate your kind attention to 
our wounded and our dead and trust 
that at the earliest moment the remains 
of our fallen will return to us. I am 
overwhelmed with surprise that a peace- 
ful march of American citizens over the 
highway of the defence of our common 
capital should be deemed aggressive to 
Baltimoreans. Through New York the 
march was triumphant. 

Alluding to the touching use of the 
word "tenderly" in the Governor's dis- 
patch, the New York Times eloquently 

Few men can read it without tears. 
Yes, those bodies, battered and bruised 
by the brutal mob, are sacred. "Ten- 
derly" is not too gentle a word to be 
used for the care of them. Yes, bear 
their bodies tenderly; they are more 
sacred than the relics of the saints. 
Wherever they pass let the nation's flag 
which tliey died to defend, wave over 
them; let cannon thunder the martial 
honor, and let women and children come 
to drop a tear over the Massachusetts 
dead, who died for country and liberty. 
Never was exhortation better heeded, 
or less needed. It were worth an early 
death to leceive such veneration from 
the people. Everywhere tears and ad- 
miration and love too deep for tears 
were poured out; and from their silent 
Franklin Print TWELVE— Spaulding z^; 
lips came such inspiration to patriotism 
as roused thousands of Jiearts to rush to 
battle to avenge their deaths. Living, 
they were brave and true; but dying, 
their blood baptized many an otherwise 
indifferent one to deeds of devotion to 
country that have since been chronicled 
and that will be rehearsed by grateful 
generations to come. 

Minute Men of '61 



There were four men killed and 
fifteen wounded in the Regiment, and 
many slightly wounded; loyal men in 
Baltimore, who were careful to collect 
all the facts as far as possible are of 
the opinion tliat about one hundred of 
the mob were killed by the guns of our 
soldiers. About a thousand rounds of 
ammunition were fired; and considering 
the size of the target, it is probable that 
the estimate is not far from the truth. 
The company rosters present the names 
of the wounded. 


July 29 orders came to break camp 
for home, and that military manoeuvre, 
never performed with unwillingness, 
was executed at six in the morning; arrd 
three hours later Baltimore was again, 
and for the last time in the campaign, 
visited. The Regiment received quite a 
cordial reception this time, very differ- 
ent from its first, and remained in thv^ 
city till five in the afternoon, when it 
left for Philadelphia and started for 
New York at ten next day, and for Bos- 
ton at six in the evening. Everywhere 
the people flocked to see the men who 
received the first blows of tlie enemy, 
and who had been able to be at the post 
of danger so opportunely. The most 
gratifying attentions were lavished on 
them by all. 

They reached Worcester, the home of 
Company G, at ten in the morning of 
Aug. 1, and there were greeted with a 
welcome worthy of the heart of Massa- 
chusetts and more gratifying than the 
plaudits of strangers. They stayed till 
three In the afternoon and then, depart- 
ing for Boston, they w^ere received if 
possible more heartily than elsewhere. 
They were escorted to the Common and 
addressed by Mayor Wightman, to 
whom Colonel Jones replied. They then 
partook of a collation and marched to 
Faneuil Hall, where they were quar- 
tered for the niglit, all but Company K. 
which was quartered at its armory. Next 
morning (Aug. 2), after breakfast on 

tJie Common, they were mustered out 
of the United States service by Colonel 
Amory and proceeded to the Lowell 

During the first few days in Washing- 
ton Colonel Jones became anxious for 
the preservation of the flag placed in 
his care by Governor Andrew; and he 
entrusted it to the custody of Chaidain 
Babbidge, with oiders to keep it about 
his person. The chaplain folded it care- 
fully and buttoned it across his breast 
beneath his coat, saying occasionally to 
himself, "I hoi)e if I'm hit it will be in 
the breast and that the old flag will stop 
the ball." 

Thirty-seventh Congress of the Unit- 
ed States, at the first session, in the 
House of Representatives, July 22. 1861. 

Resolved. That the thanks of this 
House are due and are hereby tendered 
to the Sixth Regiment of the Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, for the alacrity with 
which they responded to the call of the 
President and the patriotism and brav- 
ery which they displayed on the 19th 
of April last, in fighting their way 
through the city of Baltimore, on their 
march to the defence of tlie Federal 

Speaker of the House of Representa- 

Em. Etheridge, Clerk. 

About ninety-four per cent, of the 
Regiment re-enlisted for further ser- 

Extract from the Baltimore .-Vmerican 
April 20, 1861: 

The Massacliusetts troops — All ac- 
counts of the affair of Friday at lialti- 
more (and we have had more than owi 
from eye witnesses), concur in bearing 
testimony to the unshaken valor of the 
assaulted Massachusetts Regiment, un- 
der circumstances most trying to raw 
soldiers. They were a handful of men 
in the midst of a population of two hun- 
dred thousand souls. Everywhere dur- 
ing their progress of two "miles through 
this population, they encountered the 


Minute Men of '61 

most furious hostility, and of the ex- 
tent of this hostility in the city they 
had no means of judging. But In the 
face of everything they moved steadily 
on, and reached this capital with 
diminished numbers, but with unbroken 
spirit — no longer raw troops, but troops 
tried and not found wanting. 

They paraded on Pennsylvania ave- 
nue on Saturday evening. It was reviv- 
ing to patriotism to look at them, as 
they moved with steady step, under the 

State flag of Massachusetts to which 
they had given a new honor by their 
heroic conduct. They were here from 
far distant New England, in just five 
days after the issue of the President's 
Older, calling them into the service. 
They were the first detachment of State 
troops arriving at the capital, and be- 
leaguered as it was with a garrison so 
inadequate, the tramp of this Regiment 
on tlie avenue was indeed a cheering 


The night is dark, the camp is stilled; 
Eacli soldier's heart with joy is thrilled; 
He dreams of home and scenes gone past, 
Not conscious but his dream can last. 
Chorus — Baltimore, Baltimore, 

He starts at the cry of Baltimore. 

A mystic grandeur fills his Ijreast, 
While peaceful shimljer brings him rest; 
He little thinks of danger near, — 
His dream unmixed with dread or fear. 
Chorus — Baltimore, 8:c. 

At length the guard, with watchful eye, 
Discovers danger lurking nigh; 
Reminded of the days before. 
He gives ihe cr}- of Baltimore. 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

Quick the soldier's ready ear 
"Warns him of the foe that's near; 

He springs out in the dreary night, 
From slumber to defend the right. 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

' ' Baltimore! ' ' the alarming word 
Thrills the heart whene'er 'tis heard, — 
Suggests the loss of brothers gone. 
Justice calls the foe to atone. 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

When dut} calls so loud and plain, 
With sorrow he recalls the slain; 
And sacred as the brothers' dust. 
So sacred is the cause, and just. 
Chorus — Baltimore, &c. 

As long as the free their blood shall give. 
Our countr}- shall so long survive; 
And where the weak the strong implore. 
The rallying cry shall be ' ' Baltimore! " 
Chorus — Baltimore, S:c. 

Minute Men of '61 


Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 


Colonel, Edward F. Jones, Pepperell. 

Licjttenant Coloiiel, Benjamin F. Watson, Lawrence. 

Major, JosiAH A. vSawtell, Lowell. 

Adjutant, Alpha B. Farr, Lowell. 

Quartermaster, James Monroe, Cambridge. 

Pay Master, RuFus L. Plaisted, Lowell. 

Surgeon, Norman Smith, Groton. 

Assistant Surgeon, Jansen T. Paine, Charlestown. 

Chaplain, Charees Babbidge, Pepperell. 

Sergeant Major, Samuee W. Shattuck, Groton. 

Quartermaster Sergeant, Church Howe, Worcester. 

Commissary Sergeant, John Dupee, Boston. 

Drum Major, Frederick Stafford, Lowell. 

Hospital Steieard, Wieeia-ai H. Gray, Acton. 


This band accompanied the Regiment as 
far as Baltimore and was left behind at the 
depot in a baggage car which was attacked 
with stones, etc., by roughs and broken 
into, and the band made their escape, 
leaving behind music, instruments, cloth- 
ing, etc., and called on the police for aid 
without avail. After running some dis- 
tance, the}- were taken in by kind-hearted 
women and the stripes removed from their 
clothes, and other old clothes furnished 
them for disguise. A message was sent to 
the city officers, and a body of police was 
sent who placed the band on iDoard the 
cars and they started for home. 

Brooks, George Lowell 

Carlton , Eli B 

Colburn, Charles Boston 

Crooker , Abel F Lowell 

Davis, Oliver T 

Doe , William K 

Lovett, John M 

Metcalf, Greenleaf W 

Muzzey , Eugene S 

Nutting, Cofiern Dracut 

Parshley, John H Lowell 

Parshlev, Henrv G 

Patterson, Charles J 

Poison, James 

AMlson, George A 

Young, Artemns S 

Roster Co. A, Sixth Massachusetts, 
Minute Men of '61. 

(National Greys.) 

Organized in 1855. This company 
had but a few hours' time to prepare 
for departure, but were ready for duty 
at the time required, and assembled at 
Huntington Hall on the morning of the 
16th of April, 1S61. With Companies C, 
D and H, they left for Boston about 
noon of the same day. 

*Josiah A. Sawtell, Capt Lowell 

Geo. M. Dickerman, Capt 

Andrew C. Wright, 2d Lieut 

Andrew J. Johnson, 1st Sergt 

Enoch J. Foster, 1st Sergt 

*George M. Dickerman, Sergt 

George W. Snell; Sergt 

John F. Swett, Sergt 

*Wm. F. Loverin, Sergt 



Minute Men of '61 

Linus M. Caldwell, Corp Howe, Andrew J 

Solomon Clark, Corp Higson, William H. 

Alfred J. Hall, Corp Hood, Gilbert A 

John W. Carter, Corp *Hudson, James F.. 

Aaron Andrews, Corp *Homans, Stephen. . 

*Frank W. Greenwood, Musician Jones, Alfred G..., 

Lewis A. Young, Musician Luce, William H... 

*Marshall, Joseph . . 
*Adams, Julius T 

Bowker, Oren L 

Barron, Frederic A 

Bulmer, John 

Chesley, Isaac 

Crocker, George S 

Durgin, Horace T 

*Dightman, George W 

*Emerson, Charles F 

*Foss, John 

*Frost, John 

*Field, Joseph 

*Grout, Frank R 

Hall, Winthrop H 

Herrick, Andrew J 

Harrington, Thomas H 

Miner, Charles 

Motley, Robert 

*Norton, Bradford S... 
*Peavey, D. Merritt. . . . 

^Packard, Wm. H 

*Reed, Gordon 

*Reed, James G 

*Richardson, Charles H. 

Richards, Martin 

Stewart, Scott 

Torsey, James M 

Tuck, Warren M. ..... , 

Woodward, Henry M... 


Minute Men of '61 203 

Company B, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Groton Artillery.) 

On the 15th of April, 1861, at five *Jaquith, George D 

o'clock p.m., the Commander received *Jones, Frederic A Townsend 

notice by express that he must report Knowlton, Edwin H Groton 

himself and command the next morning Livermore, Rufus 

for duty, and the company left by the Lovejoy, Charles M Townsend 

first train April 16, and joined their Mackintire, Benjamin Groton 

Regiment and proceeded at once to Mansur, George V Groton 

Washington. Moore. Charles E Groton 

*Tn 1- o ^, 1 ^ i ^ X *Munroe, Robert 

*Eusebius S. Clark, Capt Groton 

^ T-i 0.1 ii- 1 1 i. T • X *Moulton, Noah J Groton 

George F. Shattuck, 1st Lieut ,. , , 

aorv, ^1 n T31 A OA ^ • * Ockmgton, Andrew J Groton 

Samuel G. Blood, 2d Lieut ,-.,.. 

Parker, Henry J Townsend 

E. Dexter Sawtell, Sergt *Priest, William H Groton 

William T. Childs, Sergt Quigg, John Pepperell 

*John S. Cooke, Sergt Reed, John Groton 

Joseph Stedman, Sergt Medfield *Richardson, Jas. E . .Winchenden, N. H. 

George K. Cragin, Corp Groton *Russell, James L. R Groton 

Abbott A. Shattuck, Corp Sartell, Wm. E Pepperell 

Joseph A. Bacon, Corp *Sartell, Josiah F 

*Charles H. Haynes, Corp Seldon, John S 

Eugene A. Turner, Musician. .Pepperell Stall, George H Groton 

Solomon Story, Jr., Musician Shattuck, Andrew J Pepperell 

Ames, Amos L Groton Smith, Henry E Groton 

*Barrett, George V Shirley *Stall, Ansel A Lunenburg 

Blighton, D. F New York *Spaulding, George N Townsend 

Brigham, Theodore Groton Sidlinger, Daniel M 

Brown, John N Tolman, Alfred O Boston 

Burgess, Word J Tozier, Henry E Groton 

♦Carter, Aaron Pepperell *Thompson, Benjamin 

Cox, Charles F Groton Tenney, William H 

Dickerman, Samuel R Pepperell *Wheeler, Stephen W Shirley 

Dickson, Henry A Groton Whitney, Salmon Groton 

*Ford, Benjamin Wilson, Franklin 

Fullick, George A Whitney, Charles L 

Gilson, Thomas Wright, Charles H Pepperell 

Gleason, George A Winn, Henry C 

Hartwell, Adams J * Warren, William N. . . .N. Plttston, Me. 

Heald, Timothy W Chelmsford *Watson, Ransom C Townsend 

*Wnvf c!«r^„^i r» Groton *Whitcomb, Henry F Groton 

Hoyt, Samuel D Gioton ^^^^ ^^^^^.^ p Pepperell 

♦Houghton, Russell O Lunenburg . 

*Jaquith, Samuel J Groton *Re-eniisted 

204 Minute Men of '61 

Company C, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Mechanics' Phalanx.) 

Organized July, 1825. Received sum- *Dennett, Erastus Lowell 

mons at eight p.m., April 15, 1861, and Deming, Charles W 

arrived in Boston the next day at Flanders, Josiah C 

twelve o'clock, and quartered at Boyls- Fairbanks, George D 

ton Hall, and the next day marched to Fitzpatrick, Charles E Billerica 

the State House and received rifles, and *George, Albert Lowell 

thence to Boston & Worcester R. R., *Greenleaf, Ruel W 

where they took the cars for Washing- Goddard, Benj. F 

ton. Gray, Daniel W 

*Goodwin, Amaziah N 

Harmon, Moses 

Horn, Frank M 

Johnston, Thomas B 

John W. Hadley, 1st Sergt *Kent, William C 

*Brent Johnston, Jr., Sergt *Lord, Charles P 

Ira Stickney, Sergt Libby, Martin V. B 

Thomas O. Allen, Sergt *Lawrence, George 

John H. Lakin, Corp McKenzie, Angus 

Isaac N. Marshall, Corp McCurdy, Wm. B 

Charles H. Arlin, Corp Mansur, Joseph 

*Richard A. Elliott, Corp Peabody, Baldwin T 

Andrew J. Burbank, Musician Phelan, Wm. H 

* Joseph J. Donahoe, Musician Prescott, Dudley M 

Arlin John .. .. *Pearsdn, Henry H Exeter, N. H. 

Rice, Edward M Lowell 

Albert S. Follansbee, Capt Lowell 

*Samuel D. Shipley, 1st Lieut 

John C. Jepson, 2d Lieut 

*Bonney, Seth 

Barnard, George W S^'^"^' ^^o^'Se W. . . 

Barnard Tristram Stackpole, Emilus . . 

Bryant, Theron A *Stinson, Charles B . 

Bartlett, Andrew W Tibbetts, Joseph F. 

Burns, Thomas Wilson, Alexander . . 

Calvert, Frank Wright, Merrill S.. 

Crowley, Jeremiah ^'i"^^^^^' James L. 

*Coburn, George H Dracut *Re-eiiiisted 

Minute Men of '61 205 

Company D, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Lowell City Guards.) 

Organized in 1841; received orders on Davis, Martin Dracut 

the evening of April 15, 1861, and as- Finn, Horace R Lowell 

sembled with the other Lowell com- Gilmore, William P 

panics at Huntington Hall the next Glover, Frederick W Grotcu 

morning, and left for Boston about noon Gass, William B Dracut 

the same day. Ham, Daniel A Lowell 

Harvey, Aldis B 

James W. Hart, Capt Loweil Huckins, Henry L Tewksbury 

Charles E. Jones, 1st Lieut Jacks, John A Lowell 

Samuel C. Pinney, 2d Lieut Kincaid, Alonzo 

Lewellj^n L. Craig, 3d Lieut Ladd, Luther C 

John E. Ames, 1st Sergt Lovrein, George W 

William H. Lamson, 1st Sergt [Marshall, Robert 

Frank L. Sanborn, Sergt :Mehill, Hugh F 

William P. Cummings, Sergt Moore, Ira W 

John H. Gilmore, Sergt Muzzey, Hiram C 

Arthur J. Withey, Corp P^^ch, William R Chelmsford 

Daniel B. Tyler, Corp P^^^^' ^^^^^^^ ^ ^"^'^^^ 

Amory W. Webber, Corp Rushworth, John B 

Winslow H. Dodge, Corp Sanborn, James M 

Joseph L. Wood, Corp Sinclair, Henry A 

Stephens, Daniel C 

Charles H. Edmonds, Musician „ , ,. it-,,- tt xj 

Sunderlin, ^\llllam H. H 

Alexander, George Taylor, Charles A 

Bickf ord, William H Taylor, Charles J 

Chamberlain, John R Taylor, Charles W 

Chandler, Simeon C Taylor, Edward 

Chandler, Charles H Cambridge Whitney, Addison O 

Coburn, Edmund Dracut Winn, James O 

Conroy, James Lowell Withington, William G Lowell 

206 Minute Men oe '61 

Company E,JFifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Davis Guards.) 

COMPANY E, SIXTH REGIMENT. Durant, James L Littleton 

Organized in 1857. At six o'clocli on Farrar, Abel, Jr Acton 

the evening of April 15, 1856, orders Fletcher, Aaron J 

were received by the Guards to join Gilson, Henry 

their Regiment to go to Washington. ^^^^' Nathan 

About daylight tlie next morning they ^^'^^' William H 

started for Lowell in open wagons, and Handley, Charles H Acton 

in a heavy rain, reaching Lowell at Handley, William S 

y OQ Hosmer, Gilman S 

Jones, George 

Daniel Tuttle, Capt Acton Lazell, Henry W 

William H. Chapman, 1st Lieut Littlefield, Waldo Boxboro 

George W. Rand, 2d Lieut Morse, Charles Marlboro 

Silas P. Blodgett, 3d Lieut Moulton, Charles Acton 

Aaron S. Fletcher, 4th Lieut Moulton, James 

John E. Ames, 1st Sergt Putnam, John 

Luke Smith, 1st Sergt Reed, Charles W Littleton 

George W. Knights, Sergt Reed, George A 

Henry W. Wilder, Sergt \Stowe Reed, William Acton 

Granville W. Wilder, Sergt Reed, William B 

Charles Jones, Corp Acton bobbins, Varnum F 

John F. Blood, Corp Robbins, Luke 

Luke J. Robbins, Corp Sawyer, Andrew J 

Levi H. Robbins, Corp ^^^^i^h, Ephraim A 

^ ^ ^ Tarbell, Edwin 

George F. Campbell, Musician ,^. , , 

'- Wavne, John 

George Reiser, Musician Baltimore -r^,, , tt- nr^^r,r.^A 

' Wheeler, Hiram . .Concord 

Battles, Edward D Littleton Whitney, John Quincy 

Blood, George F Acton Whitney, William F. B 

Bray, Henry L Whitney, John H. P 

Brooks, Charles A Wilson, Samuel 

Brown, John A Stowe Wood, Eben F 

Minute Men of '61 


Company F, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Warren Light Guard.) 

Organized in 1855. Late in the after- 
noon of April 15, 1861, Co. F and Co. I 
received orders to report themselves in 
Boston at the earliest possible moment, 
and the next morning left Lawrence to 
join the Lowell companies. Left Loweii 
at eleven a.m. for Boston, stopping over 
night at Boylston Hall, leaving on the 
evening of the 17th, at eight o'clock for 
New York. 

Benj. P. Chadbourne, Capt. . .Lawrence 

Melvin Beal, Capt 

Thomas J. Gate, 1st Lieut 

Jesse C. Silver, 2d Lieut Methuen 

Andrew J. Butterfield, 1st Sergt Law 

Charles B. Foster, Sergt Lawrence 

Charles E. Drew, Sergt 

William Marland, Sergt Andover 

Gilbert P. Converse, Corp Lawrence 

Surrill Flint, Corp 

Thomas C. Ames, Corp 

James A. Troy, Corp Methuen 

Justin H. Kent, Musician : 

Westley W. Knowlton, Musician 

Allen, Henry H 

Bailey, George F 

Bailey, Romanzo C 

Bailey, William A 

Beal, Henry 

Belcher, Charles F 

Burrell, Augustus 

Carter, William S 

Chaffln, Willard 

Cole, Micajah S Manchester, N. H. 

Cooper, Thomas H Methuen 

Cowdrey, Oliver W Lawrence 

Cummings, Charles H Methuen 

Dame, Albert L 

Doil, William M Lawrence 

Duchesney, Lawrence N 

Dyer, William H 

Foster, William K 

Fui'ber, Lyman V. B 

Greenlaw, Chas. E 

Hill, Enos T 

Hinman, Frank 

Jones. Amos G Methuen 

Jones, Josiah X Lawrence 

Kent, George E 

Leighton, George P 

Littlefield, George W Amesbury 

Merrill, Charles G Lawrence 

Merrill, Frank H INIethuen 

Mills, John A Lawrence 

Morse, Benjamin G 

Morgan, George W 

Morse, James A 

Patterson, William I 

PJchardson, Morton T 

Rogers, Samuel D 

Russell, Frank 

Shattuck, Charles ^l Lawrence 

Sanborn, Frank Methuen 

Smith, Robert C. J 

Stone, Charles 

Thurlow, George W :\Iethuen 

Tufts, David Y Lawrence 

Turkington, Henry Methueu 

Tuttle, Thomas P Lawrence 

Wentworth, Horace 

Williams, John T 

208 Minute Men of '61 

Company G, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Worcester Light Infantry.) 

Organized in 1S03. On April 16, 1861, Clissolcl, Joseph 

at eleven p.m. the company received Cogger, Thomas E Newburyport 

orders to report in Boston at noon the Conner, William Worcester 

following day, to start for Washington. Comsett, Moses W 

At 9:30 o'clock the next morning took Conklin, George H 

up line of maixh for the cars for Bos- Corson, David W Natick 

ton. Reported at State House and left Curtis, Marcus Worcester 

with the Regiment that same evening. Dart, Charles E 

Dennis, John B 

Harrison W. Pratt, Capt Worcester ^ohertv, Thomas A 

George W. Prouty, 1st Lieut j3^.^^^.^.^ Ephraim I 

Thomas S. Washburn, 2d Lieut n ■ ■ t 1- T 

Joseph W. Denny, 3d Lieut t-^ ^ J t ^ t 

' Dyson, Joseph 

Dexter F. Parker, 4th Lieut ^n ti, h^-t, ^ 

Emerson, John Millsbury 

Thomas S. Washburn, 1st Sergt Estabrook, Josiah S Worcester 

John A. Lowell, Sergt Gurnhardt, Adam 

J. Stewart Brown, Sergt Hacker, Rudolph A 

Charles H. Stratton, Sergt Hardy, Henry E 

Jas. A. Taylor, Sergt Hastings, Ira B 

Joel H. Prouty, Corp Haven, Henry R 

Edward S. Stone, Corp Hay, Edward S 

Brown P. Stowell, Corp Boston Henry, John 

William H. Hobbs, Corp Worcester Hoar, Adelbert D. V 

Edwin Stalhurth, Musician Hodgkins, Orlando 

William C. Roundy, Musician Houghton, George A 

Abbott, Caleb F Johnson, George P Springfield 

Alden, ' Benjamin F. R Kidder, James F Worcester 

Alden, Edward W Knapp, John M 

Bacon, John W Lawrence, Henry H Barre 

Badger, Algernon S Boston LaForest, Samuel O Boston 

Ball, David H Worcester Lincoln, William Worcester 

Ballard, Thomas E Methuen, John F 

Belser, William F..... Minter, George F Boston 

Bemis, Henry Moulton, Charles A Worcester 

Brainard, Robert M Mulcahy, John F 

Brown, Joseph L Newton, Myron J 

Calligan, John E Nolan, James H 

Campbell, Edwin A Parker, Dexter F 

Capron, Edwin C PenT, Edward B 

Capron, Luther Jr Piper, William H 

Casey, Thomas J Pierce, J. M, T.. 

Minute Men of '61 209 

Rice, Elbridge M Trumbull, Charles P 

Rice, Joseph O Turner, Peter J 

Richter, Henry M Valentine, William H 

Riggs, Calvin Walker, Albert C 

Schwarz, George Wiegand, Frederick A 

Shaw, James D Whipple, Charles E Springfield 

Sheehan, Dennis M Whitcomb, Andrew J Worcester 

Sief, Meilleux Wilkins, Daniel 

Smith, J. Baxter Wilkins, James 

Stiles, John W Wilson, Charles H 

Sweeney, Timothy Holliston Wolfe, John 

Talbot, Thomas Worcester Woodcock, Ira 

Thompson, Edward P Woodward, J. Wallace 

Towle, John Young, Silas E 

210 Minute Men of '61 

Company H, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Watson Light Guard.) 

Organized in 1851. Received orders Hapgood, Edwin 

about eight p.m. on the evening Harper, Alexander 

of April 15, 1861, and the next morning Hill, James E 

marched to Huntington Hall, where Holmes, Silas S 

they joined the other companies of the Huckins, Edward 

Regiment, leaving for Boston about Ingalls, Enoch 

noon the same day. Johnson, George P 

Keene, George H 

John F. Noyes, Capt Lowell Marshall, John J 

George E. Davis, 1st Lieut McCoy, Edwin P 

Andrew F. Jewett, 2d Lieut McGillery, Angus Boston 

Benjamin Warren, 3d Lieut Milliken, Frank J Lowell 

Nathaniel K. Reed, 1st Sergt Mitchell, James M 

Charles E. Poor, Sergt Nourse, John H 

Benjamin W. Frost, Sergt Palmer, Charles P 

Timothy A. Crowley, Sergt Pinder, Albert 

Edward J. Grimes, Corp Ricker, Charles W 

Hiram W. Gordon, Corp Roberts, Nathaniel 

Caleb Philbrick, Corp Rolfe, Charles F 

Warren C. Crosby, Corp Russell, Daniel W 

George Robertson, Musician . Scadding, Alfred W 

Levi Bro\vn, Musician Short, William 

Small, Frederick J 

Atwood, Charles C Smith, William 

Avery, Frank S Stafford, Frederick K 

Bills, Charles R Strong, Martin V r 

Braddock, Warren L Warren, Augustus 

Charters, Reuben P Whiting, Joseph B 

Clark, Charles F Wilkins, George 

Clifford, Raeburn G Winn, George B 

Dobbins, George R Willis, William T 

Minute Men of '61 


Compan}^ I, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Lawrence Light Infantry.) 

Organized in 1S49. Received orders 
late in tlie afternoon of April 15, 1861, 
to report in Boston at the earliest 
moment. In the passage through Balti- 
more Corporal Sumner H. Needham was 
killed; Michael Green was shot in the 
leg and sent home; Victor G. Gingass 
shot in the arm, but proceeded with his 
comrades to Washington. 

John Pickering, Capt Lawrence 

Daniel S. Yeaton, 1st Lieut 

Aug. Lawrence Hamilton, 2d Lieut 

Eben H. Ellenwood, 3d Lieut 

Eugene J. Mason, 4th Lieut 

Stephen D. Stokes, 1st Sergt 

Joshua C. Ramsden, Sergt 

George G. Durrell, Sergt 

George E. Yarrington, Sergt 

William A. Huntington, Corp 

William H. Carlton, Corp 

Frederick G. Tyler, Corp 

Sumner H. Needham, Corp 

Robert G. Barr, Corp 

John D. Emerson, Musician 

Henry J. White, Musician 

Edward Carlton, Musician 

Bardsley, William E 

Berry, Horace S 

Blood, Milton H 

Cauffy, Edward 

Drew. George A 

Farewell, Frederick M 

Freeman, Victor O 

Gingrass, Victor G 

Green, Mi(;hael 

Holton, William M 

Harkins, Daniel 

Harmon, John M 

Harriman, John E 

Heath, Edwin C 

Home, Joseph 

Jewell, Harry G 

Joy, Alonzo 

Klttredge, David 

Knights, James S 

Knott, William G 

Miller, William 

Norton, John H 

Oliver, John 

Page, John M Boston 

Pierce, Samuel B Lawrence 

Rolfe, Henry A 

Safford, Josei)h H 

Saunders, Caleb 

Shorey, George W 

Spofford, Edwin F 

Staples, Herbert 

Stanley, Charles H Methuen 

Stearns, Hiram A Lawrence 

Swaiue, Charles M 

Wentworth, Edwin H. C 

Weymouth, Charles J 

White, Henry J 

Vv'oodbury, Charles T 

212 Minute Men oe '61 

Compan}^ K, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Washington Light Guard.) 

Organized in ISIO, formerly called Gardner, Horace 

Washington Artillery. At ten o'clock Gillespie, James 

on the evening of April 15, 1861, they Gourlay, William D Cambridge 

received orders, and at eight o'clock the Hall, Charles H Boston 

next morning reported sixty-four men Hamilton, Charles M Chelsea 

ready for duty, and left with the Regi- Holt, Brastus T Boston 

ment for Washington. Hume, Josiah L 

Keller, .Jacob W 

Walter S. Sampson, Capt Boston Knowlton, Edward T 

Ansel D. Wass, 1st Lieut Le Favor, James H 

Moses J. Emery, 2d Lieut Leonard, Orville W 

Thomas Wallwork, od Lieut Look, Orick 

John F. Dunning, 4th Lieut Mallory, William H. H Cambridge 

Levi F. McKenney, 1st Sergt Mann, Henry C Chelsea 

James C. Rogers, Sergt | Matthews, Joseph O Boston 

George W. Gordon, Sergt Meadows, Thomas W 

David C. Sisson, Sergf. Meserve, John G 

George A. Gurnett, Sergt Moore, James F 

_, T- ^ , „ Morton, Lemuel Q 

James E. March, Corp ' ^ 

^^ , . . T /-I 4-T 11 /-i« „ Nudd, Edward 

Washington J. Corthell, Corp 

, o 1 T , n^,„. Parks, William 

Joseph Sanderson, Jr., Corp 

. , , ^^ ., , „ Peaks, James G 

Abraham Holland, Corp 

Roberts, Henry 

William H. H. Foster, Musician g^^^,^^^,^^ ^^^^^,.^^ ^ 

Gilbert W. Homan, Musician Shepard, Adams 

Bell, George Sloan, Charles F., Jr W. Roxbury 

Boden, Elisha C Small, Horace H Boston 

Butler, George W Spencer, James H 

Chester, Charles H Spencer, Mendall C 

Chester, William P Spinney, George A 

Colgan, George Sproul, Alexander 

Daly, William H Stevens, George W 

Drake, Le Prelirt Story, Charles C 

Dupee, John Symonds, John H 

English, Harold M Temple, George 

Ennis, Joseph F Whitney, George T 

Fiske, Edward P White, Isaac B 

Francis, Lewis F Cambridge Wood, James 

Frye, Charles H Boston Young, Henry F 

Minute Men of '61 213 

Compan}^ L, Fourth Massachusetts Reg-iment, 
Minute Men of 61 

(Stoneham Light Infantry.) 

John H. Dike, Capt Stoneham 

Leander F. Lynde, 1st Lieut 

Uarius N. Stevens, 2d Lieut 

Organized in 1851. In April, 1861, Flanders, Stephen 

belonged to the Seventh Regiment as Fortier, .lohn B 

Company C. They received orders at Gerry, John O 

two o'clock on the morning of April 17, Green, Henry W 

1861, to appear at Boston that morning Green, Orrin A 

at eleven o'clock. Prompt at the hour Hadlej', Aaron S 

they reported at the State House and Hayes, Levi W 

left with the regiment at noon. On Hayes, Watson A 

the 19th, while passing through Balti- Hill, Andrew E 

more. Captain Dike was shot in the leg Holden, Warren 

by the mob. Hosmer, E. Battelle . . . . 

Jones, William H 

Johnson, Samuel S 

Keenan, James 

Kimpton, John W 

James F. Rowe, 3d Lieut LaClair, Joseph 

William B. Blaisdell, 4th Lieut.. . .Lynn ^^^^^^^.^^ Charles 

Samuel C. Trull, 1st Sergt Stoneham Madden, William H 

Jefferson Hayes, Sergt Marston, Hiram P 

Francis M. Sweetser, Sergt Meader, Albert J 

Sidney L. Colley, Sergt Mead, Maurice 

James Whittaker, Corp Mellen, Sidney F 

George P. Stevens, Corp Moody, Dearborn S. ... 

Andrew J. Kimpton, Corp Moody, James S 

Charles L. Gill, Corp Osmore, Battel 

Victor W. Lorrendo, Musician Parker, Augustus M. . . 

Eugene Devitt, Musician Pennell, Joseph W 

.„ ^1, 1 TT Perry, Ephraim A 

Berry, Charles H ' , , , tt 

.„ '^r -,4. T> Pinkhara, Alphonso H. 

Berry, Walter B _. , , t- i td 

^ ^ . , Pmkham, Fernando P. 

Brown, Daniel ^. , , o , tt 

T> .... ^ 1^ ^xr^^^■ r. Piukham, Samuel H... 

Butterfield, William G ^ 

Carr, Charles H „,,'.''' / 

, „. . ,, Robbins, Andrew 

Clement, Otis M _ , .. . 

. , ' . , , Sanborn, James A 

Cormick, Richard ^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^,^^ ^ 

Craig, John W... ^^^ ^^^^^ ^ 

Danf orth, Horace W Benjamin F., Jr. . 

Dike, Henry ^^.J^^^^^ Archelaus .... 

Doucette, Joel N ^^, , _^, ,^ -^ 

T.T Wheeler, John B 

Eastman, James H -simiinni w 

' , ._ Young, William H 

Eastman, John B 


Minute Men ok '61 

Capt. John H. Norton 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 6th Mass. Regt. 

Major John H. Norton, joined Company 
1, Sixth Regiment Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia, 1859. Captain John Picker- 
ing commanding and was with that Regi- 
ment in its passage through Baltimore on 
April 19, 1861, and was slightly wounded 
at that time, and was a direct descendant 
-orSamuel Remick, a soldier of the Revolu- 

tionary War, who 'made the coffin that 
Major Andre, the traitor was buried in. 
Also a descendant of John Norton one of 
the first ministers sent to England by the 
Colonies. Was a member of Boston City 
Government and the Massachusetts lyegis- 

Minute Men of '61 


George A. Reed, Saxoiiville. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E. 6th'' Ijeut. 26th Resrt. Mass, Vols. 

Hon. George A. Reed was born at Con- 
cord, Mass., September 10, 1842. Enli.sted 
in Company E, Sixth M.V.M., went with 
the Regiment through Baltimore, April 19, 
1861, as private. September 5, 1861, en- 
listed in the Twenty-Sixth Massachusetts 
Regiment ; served under command of 
General B. F. Butler in Louisiana as Cor- 
poral and Sergeant. January 14, 1864, 
re-enlisted in the Twenty-Sixth INIas.sachu- 
setts Regiment ; was mustered out Septem- 
ber 25, 1865. Was with General Grant at 
City Point, Va., with General P. H. 
Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley 
November 1 ; was appointed Special Mail 
Messenger for Generals Sheridan and 

Hancock ; was coTumissioned as Second 
Lieutenant. After returning to Massachu- 
setts made his home in Framingham ; was 
elected three years on the Board of Select- 
men, and in 18S9 served in the Massiichu- 
setts House of Representatives ; was 
elected a member of the Stjite Senate in 
1895 and re-elected in 1896 ; has been in 
the employ of the Boston and Albany Rail- 
road thirty-four years, and as train con- 
ductor, 29 years ; is a Past Conmiander of 
Post 142 G-A-R ; Past President of the old 
Sixth and Twenty-Sixth Massachusetts 
Regimental Associations ; member of the 
various Masonic bodies ; Aleppo Temple 
N. of M. Shrine, Boston. 


Minute Men of '61 

William D. Gourlay. Governor's Island, N. Y. 

Minute Men of '61 

6th Mass. Regt. 1st Mass. Cav. 

Enlisted in Company C, First Massachn- 
setts Militia in Boston, 1860. April 15, 
1861, upon President's call for Volunteers 
for three months' service, Company C, was 
attached from the First and joined the 
Sixth Regiment as Company K, was 
wourded in Baltimore fight on April 19. 
Rejoined Regiment at Relay House, Md., 
on recovery of wound. Took part in the 
arrest of Ross Winans, member of the 
Maryland I^egislature. Also assisted in 
capturing the Winans' steam gun, a dia- 
bolical engine for destruction. Was also 
war correspondent of the Cambridge 
Chronicle. In Nobember, 1861, enlistetl 
for Company B, First Massachusetts 
Cavalry, Captain Samuel E. Chamberlain, 
and Robert Williams, a distinguished 
Cavalry officer of the Regtilar Aniiy Col- 
onel. Was in the battle of Decessionville, 
S. C. Was also war correspondent for the 
Boston Herald. When I^ee's Army in- 
vaded Mar3dand the Regiment was sent to 
join the Army of the Potomac. Was en- 
gaged in South Mountain and Antietam 
battles. After there, was detached for duty 
at Adjittant General's office, Washington. 

George A. Drew, New York 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 6th Mass. Co. K, 4th N. H. Co. C. 34th T.S.C.T. 

Captain George A. Drew was born in 
Newmarket, N. H., March 27, 1843, of 
Revolutionar}' ancestors. Parents moved 
to L/awrence, Mass., in 1850. April 15, 
1861, at first call for troops was member 
of Company D, Sixth Massachusetts, and 
marched with that Regiment through 
Baltimore, April 17. On mustering out of 
the old Sixth on August 2, and immedi- 
ately re-enlisted as Sergeant in the F'ourth 
New Hampshire Volunteers for three 
years, participating with that Regiment, 
in the vSherman expedition, at taking of 
Port Royal, S. C, Beaufort, Jacksonville, 
Fernandine, St. Augustine; twice wounded 
at battle of Pocalatigo bridge; April 7, 1863, 
was promoted to First Lieutenant and later 
to a Captaincy in the Tliirt\'-Fourth United 
States Colored Troops, by General Saxton, 
Military Governor of South Carolina, and 
resigned March 22, 1865. Was engaged 
in capture of Morris Island, and Siege of 
Charlestown and Forts Sumter and Wag- 
ner and night attack in small forts on the 
latter. \\'as in seventeen battles and 
engagements. After the war was over 
became a citizen of New York City, being 
now a retired member of the police force 
of that cit}'. Member and commander of 
Reno Post No. 44, Department of New 
York, G-A-R; served on Commander-in- 
Chief John Adams' staff as Aid-de-Camp. 

Minute Men of '61 


Cai't. Wai.ter S. Sampson 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 6th Mass. and 22d Mass. Regrt. 

Captain Walter Scott Sampson was born 
in Kingston, Mass.. on Februar_v 22, 1835, 
■son of Benjamin and Sarah (Bradford) 
Sampson. He was on both .sides de- 
scended from the old Pilgrim stock. His 
edncation was obtained in the district 
schools of his native town, and at the age 
of eighteen he came to Boston and 
engaged in the occupation of mason. He 
early V)ecanie identified with the militia, 
and on the outbreak of the Rebellion w^as 
Captain of Company K, Sixth M.V.M., 
which Company he connnanded during the 
three months' campaign of 1861 . Return- 
ing to Boston from this service, he was 
made Captain in the Twentj-Second 
United States Volunteers, and with that 
command took part in the operations of 
the Army of the Potomac until the latter 
part of 1862. Upon his return to civil life, 
he resumed his occupation as a builder and 
achieved great success. He erected many 
prominent buildings, notably the new 
Court House. He has been active in 
Grand Army work, having been com- 
mander of Charles Russell Lowell Post 7, 
G-A-R for several yerrs; is a member of 
the A. & H. A. Co., and on their memor- 
able visit to England was bearer of the 
State Flag. 

.Simeon C. Chandler. Clinton, .Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I), 6tli Rejrt. 

Born in P<ast Fairfield, Vt., August 29, 
1839, of old Revolutionary stock. His 
great grantlfather, Simeon Chandler served 
during the entire seven years of that war, 
being three years of the time a prisoner in 
the hands of the Indian allies of the British 
at the first call of Pre.sident Lincoln, in 
April, 1861, hastened to enroll himself in 
the ranks of his countr\''s defenders. On 
the evening of April 15, enlisted in Com- 
pany D, Sixth M.V.M. 

In 1862, he re-enli.sted in Company L, 
Thirty-Third INIassachusetts Volunteers for 
three years, and ser\ed with that command, 
being several months on Provost duty in 
Alexandria, Va., also at F'airfax Court 
House. Thoroughfare Gap, Chantilly and 
Falmouth. In March, 1863, he was dis- 
charged at Stafford Court House, Va., for 
disability. In 1864, he enlisted for the 
third time in his original command. Com- 
pany 1), Sixth M.V.M. , for one hundred 
days, as Corporal of the Color guard. 
During this enli.stment the psincipal duty 
performed was the guarding of rebel pris- 
oners at P'ort Delaware. He again enlisted 
in Infteenth Massachusetts Battery, in the 
Department of the Gulf. During this term 
he participated in the Pen.sacola Campaign, 
and the sharp conflicts attending the siege 
of Blakelv, Miss. 


Minute Men of '61 

William Marland, Andover, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F, 6th Regt. Capt. 2d Mas.s Bafry. Maj. U.S.V. 

William Marland, son of William Sykes 
and Sarah (Northy) Marland, Ijorn in 
Andover, March 11, 1839. His grand- 
father, Abraham Marland emigrated from 
England, 1801. Major Marland has always 
claimed Andover as his home receiving his 
edtication in its schools and Phillips Acad- 
eni}'. He enli.sted in Company F, of the 
"Old Sixth," April 15, 1861, was made 
Sergeant April 17, and inarched as Color 
Gtiard throtigh the streets of Baltimore, 
April 19, 1861. 

Mustered out, August 2, 1861. He re- 
cruited until December, 1861, when he was 
commissioned as Second lyieutenant Second 
Battery, Light Artillery, M.V.M., with 
which he remained until Atigust 11, 1865. 
He served b}- promotion as First Lieutenant 
and Captain, and was made Brevet-Major 
for gallant and meritorious services. Re- 
ceived a Congressional Medal of Honor for 
gallantry at Cirand Coteati, La., Noveml)er 
3, 1863. After having Ijeen surrounded by 
the enemy's Cavalry, his support having 
surrendered, he ordered a charge and 
saved the section of the battery tliat was 
under his command. 

He Avas Postmaster at Andover, 1869 
to 1886 inclttsive, now dead. 

Amos G. Jones, Medford, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F, 6th Mas,s. Color Sergt. Co. F, 26th M.V.M. 

Born in Methuen, Mass., July 15, 1840, 
of Revoltitionary ancestors. Was a mem- 
ber of the Massachusetts Militia, called for 
service, April 15, 1861, Company F, vSixtli 
Regiment M.V.M. Passed through Balti- 
more, April 19, 1861, on the way to gtiard 
the Capitol at Washington, D. C. Mus- 
tered out, 2, 1861. Re-enlisted as 
Sergeant in Company F, Twentv -Sixth 
Mas.sachtisetts Volunteer Infantry, Septem- 
ber 20, 1861, and later appointed Color 
Sergeant of same Regiment. Served in 
the Department of the Gulf under General 
Butler, was transferred from there to the 
James River in front of Richmond and 
from there to the Shenandoah Valley with 
General Sheridan. After the big review at 
Washington, D. C. , at the close of the war, 
the Regiment was sent to Savannah, Ga., 
and he held the position of Harbor Master 
until September, 1865. 

Minute Men of '61 

Reubex p. Charters, I^owell, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. H, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment 

Reuben P. Charters was l)oni at Tack- 
ville, N. B., June 15, 1841, came to Massa- 
chusefts when seven 3ears old. Enlisted 
April 16, 1861, from Lowell, Mass., to 
serve three months, and was mustered in 
April 12, 1861, Company A, Sixth Regi- 
ment, Masssachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 
on Boston Common, Colonel Edward F. 
Jones commanding. Discharged August 
2, 1861, at Boston, Mass. Re-enlisted 
August 28, 1861, to serve three years in the 
First Battery Massachusetts Volunteers, 
Light Artillery, Captain Josiah Porter 
commanding. Discharged at Brandy Sta- 
tion, Va., January 2, 1864. He was in 
sixty-one battles and a numljer of skir- 

Two horses were shot from under him 
at Cedar Creek, Va., and another lost In- 
jumping in the mud. Discharged June 6, 
1865, at Boston, Mass. 

He is a member of Ladd and Whitney No. 185, Department of IMassachu- 
setts, G-A-R; also U-V-U and Sixth Massa- 
chusetts Association. 

C.M'T. .\NSi;i, I). \V.\SS 

Minute Men of '61 
6th Mass. ReKt. 
Ansel D. Wass was born November 12, 
1833, was mustered in April 22, 1861, at 
Wa.shington, I). C. Mustered out August 
2, 1861. Captain Conipanv K, Nineteenth 
M.V.M. Mu.stered in August 28, 1861, 
Charles J. Pleasant, First Lieutenant 
PHeventh Infantry, I'nited States .\nny 
Mustering Officer; :\Iajor, .same Regiment, 
July 1, 1862; discharged October 1, 1862, 
to accept a commis.sion of Lieutenant Col- 
onel Forty-First Regiment, M.V.M., Sep- 
tember 6, 1862. Mustered in October 10, 

1863, by Captain J. B. Collins Fourth In- 
fantry, United States Army; discharged 
Janitary31, 1863. Commissioned Lieuten- 
ant Colonel, Nineteenth Regiment, 
M.V.M. , May i:-y, 1863. Mustered' in May 
25, 1863; commissioned Colonel, same 
Regiment, February 28, 1864, never mus- 
tere . under commission; discharged Feb- 
ruary 28, 1864. Commissioned Colonel 
Sixtieth Regiment, I\I.\MM., July 30, 1,S64, 
mustered in .Au.yust 6, 1864, bv Major 
Wharton, I'nitetl States .\rniy, at Balti- 
more, ]\Id.; mustered out November 30, 

1864, Indianapolis, Ind. Comnn's.Moned 
Colonel Sixty-Second Re.giment (new), 
INI.V.M., IMarch 2, 1865, lint never nuis- 
tered. Brevet Brigadier-General, United 
States Army, :March 13, 1865. 

Colonel was wounded at Vorktown, 
April 7, 1862; Glendale, June 30. 1,S62; 
Gettvsburg, Julv3, 1863; Bristou Station, 
October 14, 1863. Died January 24, 1889. 


Minute Men of '61 








Church Howe, U. S. Consul, Sheffield, Hng. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sixth Massachusetts Regiment 

Major Church Howe, born in Princeton, 
Mass., December 13, 1839, of Revolution- 
ar_v ancestors. His great grandfather, 
Adonijah Howe, was a private at the battle 
of Lexington. 

p;nrolled April 15, 1861, as a private, 
Company G, .Sixth Massachusetts Militia 
Infantry to serve three months, nd was 
with the Regiment when it passed through 
Baltimore, April 19, 1861. He was 
appointed Quartermaster Sergeant of the 
Regintent prior to the mustering of the 
compau}-, and was discharged from the 
service Jtily 23, 1861, to enable him to 
accept the appointment of First Ivieutenant 
and Regimental Quartermaster of the Fif- 
teenth Massachusetts Volunteers. Was 
later commissioned Captain and Brevet 
Major, United States Volunteers. Novem- 
ber, 1861, detached from Regiment and 
assigned to duty as ordnance officer, staff 
of General Charles P. Stone, commanding 
corps of observation at Poolesville, Md., 
and later assigned to duty as Senior Aid- 
de-Camp to General John Sedgwick, com- 
manding the Second Division, .Second 

Corps, Army of the Potomac, remaining 
with him through the Peninsular Cam- 
paign and into the Maryland Campaign, 
where, at Antietam he was wounded. 
Was later assigned to duty on staff of 
Major General Slocum, commanding 
Twelfth Corps, Army of the Potomac, and 
made Provost Marshal of Northern Mary- 
land and West Virginia, headquarters at 
Harper's Ferry, and afterwards was again 
assigned as Senior Aid-de-Camp to Major 
General John Sedgwick, commanding 
Ninth Corps and Sixth Corps, respec- 

Among the battles in which Major Howe 
look part were those of Ball's Bluff, Siege 
I if Yorktown, Fair Oaks, Gaines' Mill, 
Peach Orchard, Savage Station, Charles 
Citj^ Cross Road, Glendale, Malvern Hill, 
Flint Hill, second Bull Run and Antietam. 

General Sedgwick in his official reports 
of the battles of Fair Gaks and Antietam 
makes special mention of Major Howe's 
gallant conduct. 

Was appointed first P^nited States Mar- 
shal of Wyoming Territory by President 
Grant in 1869. Removed to Nebraska in 
1871, and engaged in farming, banking, 
and railroad building. A member of the 
Nebraska State Senate and House of 
Representatives twenty-four years, and 
was twice President of the Senate. Mem- 
Ijer of State Board of Education for ten 
years. In 1893 was elected Senior Vice- 
Commander, and in 1894 Commander of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, Depart- 
ment of Nebraska. Retired from active 
business in 1895. 

Appointed Consul at Palermo, Italy, by 
President McKinley, July, 1897, and in 
1900 transferred to Sheffield, Eng. 

Minute Men ok '61 


Col. Edward F. Jones. Binghamton. N. Y. 
Minute Men of '61 
6th Mas.s. Regt. 

Edward Franc Jones, born Utica, N. Y., 
June 3, 1828. Private, Lieutenant and 
Captain Fifth Regiment M.V.M., Major of 
Sixth M.V.M.. Colonel, 1858, till Regi- 
ment mustered out of United States service. 
Tendered services of Sixth Regiment to 
Governor Andrew, January 16, 1861. Re- 
ceived at four p.m. April 15, order to 
muster command on Boston common forth- 
with. Reported Regiment for duty at 
twelve o'clock noon, April 16. Left Bos- 
ton in command of the Regiment, April 17, 
attacked by mob in Baltimore April 19, 
reaching Washington that evening, where 
it was met at the station Ijy President 
Lincoln, who greeted it with " thank C.od 
you are here. If you had not arrived to- 
night we should have been in the hands of 
the rebels before morning." This Regi- 
ment saved the Capital ; was mustered out 
August, 1861. He then recruited the 
Twenty-Sixth Regiment and was accorded 
the distinguished honor by Governor 
Andrew of appointing every officer in the 
Regiment. Brevetted Brigadeer-General, 
United States Volunteers. Member of 

Massachusetts Legislature session of 1865. 
Fall of 1865 removed to Binghaniton, 
X. Y. In 1885 was elected Lieutenant 
Governor State of New York, serving six 
years. In 1865, founded the Jones Scale 
Works, being its President and manager 
for many years, was the originator of the 
system of prepaying the freight, and 
atithor of the expressive term, which has 
l)ecome one of the idioms of our language 
" He pajs the freight." 

While General Jones is nearly blind, his 
many friends will be glad to know that the 
year 1910 finds him yet alive at his beauti- 
ful home at Binghaniton. 

Fricd M. F.\RWELI-. Oaklantl 

Minute Men of '61 

Col. Co. I, 6tli Regt. 

Frederick :M. Farwell was mining on 
Trinity River, California, when the Civil 
War threatened, and left the mining 
grounds, went to San Francisco, took pas- 
sage on steamer, " Taylor," and 
arrived in Boston just three days before 
being sworn into the service. Went 
through Baltimore on April 19, 1861. 
Company I was furnished ten rounds of 
cartridges to each man. 


Minute Men ok ,61 

Henry A. Dickson, Fitchburg, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
6th Mass. Regt. 33d Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Henry A. Dickson wa.s born in Groton, 
Mass., July 2, 1837; with his parents in 
1853, he went East and was for five years 
among the Arabs in Palestine, learning 
the Arabic and German languages. 

Returning to this cotmtry in 1858, he 
enli.sted in Company B, Sixth Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, responding to the first 
call for troops. Enlisted again, July 11, 
1862, in Company E, Thirt>-Third Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Infantry, for three 
years. Was made a vSergeant, July 1, 
1863; promoted to First vSergeant; was 
in the Army of the Potomac till Septem- 
ber, 1863, when he went West with the 
Twentieth Corps; the remainder of his ser- 
vice was with General Sherman. At the 
battle of Resaca, Ga., May 15, 1864, re- 
ceived a gunshot wound in the right shoul- 
der, but recovered from it sufficiently to 
get back to the Regiment ten da\s Ijefore 
they started on the famous march ' ' from 
Atlanta to the Sea." Was in every battle 
and engagement in which the Regiment 
participated with the exception of the time 
between May 15 and November 1, 1864. 
Commissioned First I^ieutenant November 
3, 1864, and discharged with the Regiment 
June 11, 1865. A resident of Fitchburg, 
Mass., for the past thirty-seven vears, anil 
a member of the city common council for 
the year 1892. 

Edwin F. .Spofford, Maiden, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

.Sixth Massachusetts Regiment 

Edwin F. SpofTord was born in Bangor, 
Me., September 26, 1836. His military 
service commenced in Company I, Sixth 
Regiment, M.V.M., (old Sixth), and he 
answered the first call of the President, 
Abraham Lincoln, April 15, 1861, as a 
Mintite Man, marched through Prate 
street, Baltimore, April 19, 1861,' in the 
ranks with comrades of that Company, 
fighting their way from President street 
depot to Camden street depot, and left his 
mark in Dixie Ijy avenging the death of 
Corporal Sumner H. Needham, a victim of 
the rioters, and a comrade of the same 

Also served as a musician in band of 
Nineteenth Massaclmsetts Infantry, honor- 
ably discharged in November, 1861. 

Re-enlisted as private Company M, 
First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Feb- 
ruary 20, 1862; promoted to Sergeant, 
First Sergeant, vSecond L/ieutenant, First 
Ivieutenant, Captain. April 9, 1865, was 
severel}^ wounded at Harris Farm, Va. 
(Spottyslvania Court House) , May 19, 
1864; was in the following engagements: 
Baltimore, April 19, 1861, Chantilla, Harris 
Farm, Spottsylvania; Peter slnirg. Poplar 
Spring Church; capture of Petersburg, 
Sailor's Creek, Farmville, Jettersville, 
Weldon Raid, Surrender of L^ee. 

Minute Men of '61 


Thomas J. Cate, I,awrence, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Company F, 6th Mass. Regiment. 

Thomas J. Cate, went out with Old Sixth 
Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, April 
1, 1861, as Third Lieutenant. Elected 
Second Lieutenant, May 6, 1861. Ap- 
pointed bythe President, First Lieutenant, 
Sixteenth United States Infantry, August 
5, 1861. Resigned ni}- commission, August 
17, 1863. Appointed Recruiting Officer 
among the Rebel Prisoners at Point Look- 
out, Md., by Major-General B. F. Butler, 
January 23, 1864. Appointed First Lieu- 
tenant in Thirty-Sixth United States 
Colored Troops, April 24, 1864. Was dis- 
charged from the service owing to Physical 
Disability, August 4, 1865, on Surgeon's 
Certificate, dated July 25, 1865, City Point, 
Va. Appointed Brevet Major of Volun- 
teers, by Secretary of War, for Meritorious 
Service in the Subsistance Department 
during the War, to rank as such from the 
Thirteenth day of March, 1865. Recom- 
mended b}- the Commis.sar}' General. 
Present address, Lawrence. Mass.'dkr W. Sproule, Somer\ille, Mas.s. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 6tli Mass. Regt. 

Alexander Sproule joined the Fifth Regi- 
ment Massachusetts Volunteer Militia in 
1856. In 1861 joined Company K, of the 
Sixth Regiment, M.V.M. Was with that 
Regiment in their memorial march 
through Baltimore, April 19, 1861. 

After being mustered out of the army 
joined the nav\- and served throughout the 
war. Served on the San Jacinto, Port 
Royal and Melacomet and was with Com- 
mander Farragut when his fleet entered 


Minute Men of '61 

James S. Knights, Wavikeegan, 111. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, 5th 3 nios and 9 nics canipaigrn 

James S. Knights answered the first call 
for volunteers. Was employed as break- 
man on the Boston and Maine Railroad, 
and went out for three months with Com- 
pany Iv, of the Ivawrence Light Infaiitr_v, 
served with Captain J. L. Pickne}'. Went 
out in the nine months' call and served 
ttnder Captain Hamilton, and the Regi- 
ment went to Suffolk, Va. Came to city 
in May, 1866; on the Chicago and North- 
western Railroad. Past Commander of 
Waiikeegan, 111., Post 374, G-A-R. 

William G. Warren, Si.sson, Cal. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, 6th Mass. Regt. 

W. G. Warren was in old Company B, 
Sixth Regiment, State Militia; did not go 
out with them on the start but was sent 
out shortly after from Groton, came home 
with them and reorganized into the 
Twenty-Sixth Massachusetts and served 
through the war. 

MiNi'TE Men of '61 


I,t. lyEANDER F. L,YNDK, Stonehaiii. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I^, 6tli Mass. Reg-t. 

Leander F. Lynde was born in Stone- 
ham, Mass., October 15, 1835. Mustered 
into service April 21, 1861, for three 
months; First Ivieutenant Company L, 
Sixth Regiment; took the command of 
Compan}' L, Sixth Regiment after Captain 
D^-ke was wounded, April 19, 1861. 

C.^PT. John H. Dyke. Stonehani. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sixth Ma.ssachusetts Reg'iment 

Captain John H. Dyke was born in 
Stonehani, Mass., September 17, 1834; 
mustered into the United States service 
April 22, 1861, for three months; Captain 
of Company I^, Sixth Regiment; wounded 
at Baltimore April 19, 1861. Died at 
Stoneham, April 28, 1871. 


Minute Men of '61 

Geor(;e V. Barrets. Aver, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
6th Capt. 2.3d Mass. Regt. 

Lawrence H. Duchesnev. Boston Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. F, 6th Mass., L,ieut. 1st, Cav. 

Stei>hi.;n \V. Whi;eler. New Ipswich, N.H. 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. B. Sixth Mass. 

William H. Marden, vStoneham, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. Iv. 6th Mass., Sergrt. Second Sharpshooter 

Minute Men of '61 


Samuel D. Rocers 
Minute iSIen of '61 
Sixth Massachusetts Regiment 

Charles D. Moore 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B. 6th Massachusetts Regiment 

\\'ILLIA.M H. J()M;s. Sloiuhaiii. M; 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. I<, 6th Mass. Regt. 

WiLLLVM CoNXOK. Worcester, 

Minvite Men of '61 

6th Mass. 25th Mass. and 1st Mass. Cav. 


Minute Men of '61 

(liLMAN S. HosMEK, I^akc Creek Oregon 

Minute Men of '61 

Co.E, Sixth Massachusetts Regiment 

James Keenan, Stoneham, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. L,. 6th Mass., also 5th Mass. 100 days. 

Thaddeus p. Tuttle, I,awrence, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sixth Massachusetts Regiment 

Thomas Gibson, Groton, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, 6th Massachusetts Regiment 


Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

Upon the leorganization of the Mili- 
tia of the Commonwealth in 1855, the 
following companies were designated as 
the Eighth Regiment of Infantry: 

Company A, Newburyport, organized 
1775; Company B, Marblehead, organ- 
ized 1825; Company C, Marblehead, or- 
ganized 1809; Company D, Lynn, organ- 
ized, 1852; Company E, Beverly, organ- 
izer 1814; Company F, Lynn, organized 
1852; Company G, Gloucester, organ- 
ized 1852; Company H, Marblehead, or- 
ganized 1852, and Frederick Jones Cof- 
fin of Newburyport was elected Colonel. 

The Regiment performed all duties 
required, always maintaining a high 
standard of efficiency, and was noted 
for its large percentage of attendance 
on all tours of duty for the years inter- 
vening from its organization until called 
into service of the United States in 
1861. At the call of President Lincoln, 
April 15, 1861, for troops for the pro- 
tection of the Capitol at Washington, 
orders were issued from State head- 
quarters for certain organizations to re- 
port in Boston the next day. The Regi- 
ment responded promptly; every com- 
pany reported in good time, Company C 
being the first company in the State to 
reach Faneuil Hall, followed immediate- 
ly by Company H,^ — both companies 
from Marblehead. 

Colonel Coffin having resigned some 
months' previously, an election to fill 
the vacancy was held April 17, result- 
ing in the election of Lieutenant- 
Colonel Timothy Munroe as Colonel; 
Adjutant Edward W. Hinks as Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel; and Lieutenant Andrew El- 
well of Company G, as Major. 

The Regimental organization in the 
State Militia, consisting of but eight 
companies, in order to conform to the 

organization of the regular establish- 
ment. Company A, Seventh Regiment, 
Salem, organized in 1805, was assigned 
to the Regiment as Company J; and 
Company A, First Battalion of Infantry, 
Pittsfield, organized in 1860, was as- 
signed to the Regiment as Company K. 

The departure of the Regiment for 
Washington was delayed by the desire 
of the Governor to fuinish the Regi- 
ment with overcoats, haversacks and 
knapsacks until April IS, on the after- 
noon of which day they proceeded to 
the State House and received the Regi- 
mental colors from the hands of the 
Governor, who addressed the Regiment 
very eloquently in presenting the same, 
and was responded to by Colonel Mun- 
roe. General Butler, who was to accom- 
pany the Regiment to Washington, also 
spoke in fitting and patriotic terms. 

The Regiment left Boston late in the 
afternoon of April 18th, via Worcester 
Railroad. From the leaving of the com- 
panies from their liomes to the depar- 
ture of the Regiment from Philadelphia, 
the excitement and enthusiasm of the 
people along the entire route was in- 
tense. At the depot in Boston, thou- 
sands of people congregated to see thera 
off, crowding every avenue of its ap- 
proach. At Worcester, a great multi- 
tude assembled to welcome the Regi- 
ment, and to encourage with their 
cheers and shouts the officers and men 
in the performance of this patriotic 
duty. At Si)ringfield they received a 
grand ovation. Fully five thousand peo- 
ple had assembled, including military 
and fire companies. Although it was 
quite late in the evening when the 
train arrived, the Regiment was ush- 
ered into the city amid the ringing of 
bells, the blazing of bonfires, firing of 


Minute Men of '61 

cannon, and the inspiring music of tlie 

New York was reached at 6 a.m., and 
after breakfast at the Astor House and 
at the LaForge House, the Regiment, 
attended by immense throngs, proceed- 
ed to Jersey City, where A. W. Gris- 
wold. a former resident of Boston, pre- 
sented it with a magnificent silk Ameri- 
can flag. The passage through New 
Jersey was but a repetition of what had 
been witnessed since leaving home; but 
on arriving at Philadelphia on the even- 
ing of April 19, the news that the Sixth 
Massachusetts had been attacked in 
Baltimore, and compelled to fight its 
way through the city, gave new energy 
and enthusiasm to the men, and made 
them more eager to reach their destina- 

The reception of the troops here was 
more exciting than any they had yet ex- 
perienced. The crowds were so dense 
that the Regiment could scarcely march 
through the broad streets. Supper was 
furnished at the Continental Hotel, and 
quarters at the Girard House, and 
active preparations were made for push- 
ing on to Baltimore. 

A corps of Sappers and Miners, con- 
sisting of about forty men, under Lieu- 
tenant Thomas H. Berry of Company 
D, was detailed and supplied with axes, 
picks, shovels, crowbars, etc., for the 
purpose of removing barricades or other 
obstructions in the streets. 

At about noon of the twentieth, the 
Regiment took the cars (as they sup- 
posed) for Baltimore. When within a 
short distance of Perryville, the Regi- 
ment disembarked, and with Companies 
J and K, and the Sappers and Miners 
taking the advance, moved forward to 
seize the steamer "Maryland," the 
large ferry boat used to convey railroad 
trains across the Susquehanna River, as 
it was reported that one thousand six 
hundred men from Baltimore were in 
possession of the boat ready to dispute 
the passage of the Regiment, as they 
had the Philadelphia men the day be- 
fore. On arrival at the boat, no oppo- 

sition having developed, the Regiment 
took possession and immediately occu- 
pied the same. 

The excitement of the people of Bal- 
timore at this time was intense. At a 
large meeting of citizens held the pre- 
vious evening, the passage of Northern 
troops was denounced, and a promise 
was exacted from the President of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad that no 
troops should be sent through Balti- 
more, many of the people believing that 
in retaliation for the attack on the Sixth 
Regiment their city would be destroyed. 

It having been deemed best to pro- 
ceed to Washington via Annapolis, the 
steamer started down the river, arriv- 
ing off Annapolis before daybreak of 
April 21. Here was found the frigate 
"Constitution," insufficiently manned, 
and believed to be in danger from cap- 
ture by the enemies of our country. 
Captain Blake, her commander, having 
made preparations to blow her up, if 
unable to prevent her falling into the 
hands of the enemy, having a sailor 
stationed at the magazine, containing 
sixty thousand pounds of powder, with 
a slow match ready to apply at a mo- 
ment's notice. 

General Butler immediately proceed- 
ed to anticipate the treasonable designs 
of the secessionists by assisting the 
Navy in removing the frigate to a place 
of safety. The Sappers and Miners, 
with other details from the Regiment, 
were put on board the frigate to assist 
in getting her ready for sea, and Com- 
panies J and K were detailed to protect 
her from attack. Company K was re- 
lieved from duty on the "Constitution," 
April 22, and hurriedly sent on a tug to 
re-enforce the garrison at Fort Mc- 
Henry, Baltimore Harbor, as fears of an 
prevent capture; they took possession 
attack were entertained. When within 
a few miles of the fort they found the 
United States ship "Alleghany" at her 
moorings without a sufficient crew to 
of the steamer and placed her under 
the guns of Fort McHenry. They re- 
mained at the fort until May 16, when 

Minute Men of '61 


they rejoined the Regiment. Company 
J remained with the frigate until her 
arrival in New York Harbor, and with 
the Sappers and Miners rejoined the 
Regiment at Washington, May 8. 

Before the Regiment was landed, in 
endeavoring to tow the "Constitution" 
into deep water, both the "Maryland" 
and the "Constitution" went aground. 
It was believed, at the time, this trouble 
was due to the treachery of the pilot, 
hoping by the delay thus caused that 
the regiment, as well as the "Consti- 
tution," would be captured by secession 
steamers from Baltimore. It was also 
rumored that the rebels were assem- 
bling in the neighboring country and an 
attack from the shore was expected at 
any moment. This, probably, was true, 
as the regiment, while on the march to 
the Junction, frequently saw squads of 
mounted men in the distance. 

Neither vessel was floated until the 
morning of April 23, when the steam- 
ship "Boston," which had brought the 
Seventh New York Regiment from 
Philadelphia, towed both into the 
stream. The Regiment was then landed 
at the Naval Academy Grounds, against 
the protests of the Governor of Mary- 
land and the Mayor of Annapolis, hav- 
ing been cramped up on the steamer for 
sixty-four hours, with but little to eat 
and without water, until supplied on 
Monday, the 22d, with hard bread and 
salt pork, both stamped 1848, the year 
they were purchased. The salt pork 
had to be eaten raw or not at all, as 
there was no means of cooking it. 
Water was supplied later in the day, 
and by soaking the bread in water it 
could be eaten by the regiment. 

Immediately after the landing at An- 
napolis, Company C, Captain Mai'tin, 
and Company D, Captain Newhall, un- 
der command of Lieutenant-Colonel 
Hinks, were ordered forward to seize 
the station and rolling stock of the An- 
napolis and Elk Ridge Railroad, which 
was effected with some opposition but 
without much trouble. An inventory of 
the property seized w^as at once made 

and forwaided to General Butler, whose 
headquarters were at the Naval Acad- 
emy. The only locomotive at the station 
was found to be disabled, and details 
were immediately made to repair it. 
One of the men detailed, — Charles Ho- 
mans of Comiiany E, — discovered that 
he had assisted in building it. He had 
but little difficulty in putting the engine 
in running order before night, and was 
installed as engineer with Lieutenant 
Gamaliel Hodges of Company A as su- 
perintendent of the road. 

Company C advanced on the railroad 
several miles and found the track torn 
up in several places, falling back at 
dark to a corn field within a mile of the 
station, where they remained all night, 
resuming the advance next morning. 

The situation, both here and at the 
railroad station at Annapolis, during the 
night was most exciting, and little sleep 
could be had at either place. Although 
no attack was made, occasional reports 
of guns were heard, which kept the 
troops constantly on the alert. In the 
afternoon or early evening, the garrison 
at the station was re-enforced by a de- 
tail under command of Lieutenant Low 
of Company G. 

Next morning, Wednesday, April 24, 
the Regiment left Annapolis for the 
Jimction. Their progress was slow, and 
delayed by halts to repair and relay the 
track, which had been torn up, and to 
rebuild bridges, destroyed to prevent 
the passage of the troops. This was ac- 
complished with much difficulty, for 
while there were men in the Regiment 
who understood the work, rails had 
been carried away or secreted to make 
the work of destruction complete. One 
rail, an odd length, had been thrown in- 
to a creek, and Private Frank Pierce of 
Company C, who found it by diving, 
made a rope fast to it by which it was 
recovered. All this labor was per- 
formed on the twenty-fourth, on an in- 
tensely hot day, with nothing to eat 
from early morn until nearly dark, 
when the Seventh New York Regiment 
kindlv shared what little they had in 


Minute Men of '61 

the way of eatables with their less for- 
tunate brothers of the Eighth Massachu- 

Meanwhile, the anxiety in Washing- 
ton was intense, the necessity for 
troops was great, as an attack was mo- 
mentarily expected. Communication 
with the Noith was cut off, and while 
the Eighth was expected via Annapolis, 
the cause of the delay was not known. 

The troops pushed on during the 
night, and reached the never-to-be-for- 
gotten Annapolis Junction at dawn of 
the twenty-fifth. Here the men, thor- 
oughly exhausted, dropped asleep as if 
they had been shot, awaking to find 
themselves suffering terribly with hun- 
ger, but little food could be obtained, as 
about all the food there had been in the 
sparsely-settled territory had been car- 
ried off by the inhabitants who had fled 
at the approach of the troops, and onlj 
a few of the men were able to get any- 
thing to eat. 

At Annapolis most of the people 
were in sympathy with the South, and 
the few Union men there were over- 
awed and dejected. A complete reign 
of terror dominated the little city. 
Many of the citizens had fled, and those 
that remained, even when loyal, locked 
up their sympathies as well as their 
stores, and refused to give or sell any- 
thing; although at best there could not 
have been much of a supply in the 
place. It seems almost incredible that 
such difficulties could be encountered 
within twenty miles of the Capitol of 
the Nation. 

At noon, Friday, April 26, the Regi- 
ment reached Washington and, passing 
in review before President Lincoln, pro- 
ceeded to their quarters in the rotunda 
and House of Representatives at the 

We quote from the ''National Intelli- 
gencer" of the next day, "We doubt 
whether any other single Regiment in 
the country could furnish such a ready 
contingent to reconstruct a steam en- 
gine, lay a railway track and bend the 
sails of a man-of-war." 

Before leaving Philadelphia, what was 
considered a sufficient supply of food to 
last until the regiment should arrive at 
Washington was taken. Three days 
however, elapsed before it landed at 
Annapolis, and nearly four days more 
before it reached Washington, eight 
days after leaving Boston. Even after 
arriving ^t Washington, the Commis- 
sary Department was found to be in- 
efficient, and the men were on short 
allowance for a number of days. The 
supply of food was finally made ample, 
but not until the New York Seventh 
Regiment, then quartered in another 
part of the building, had again shown 
their generosity by providing a bounte- 
ous repast at their own expense, which 
act of unexpected hospitality was ap- 
propriately acknowledged by the 

On April 27, the attention of Presi- 
dent Lincoln was called to the condi- 
tion of the uniforms of the Regiment, 
which the rough usage of the few days 
past had rendered unfit for further ser- 
vice, with the request that the men be 
supplied with fatigue uniforms similar 
to those worn by the regular army. 

Answer was immediately received as 

Executive Mansion, April 27, 1861. 

Commanding Eight Regiment, M.V.M., 
Sir: — 

Yours of this day, in regard to fatigue 
dress for your command, has been re- 
ceived and sent to the War Department, 
with the expression of my wish that 
your request be complied with. 

Allow me now to express to you, and 
through you to the officers and men un- 
der your command, my sincere thanks 
for your zeal, energy and gallantry, and 
especially for the great efficiency in 
opening up the communication between 
the North and this city, displayed by 
you and them. 

Yours truly. 


The uniforms, which consisted of blue 

blouses, trousers and forage caps, were 
issued to the men within a few days. 
April 30, the Regiment was mustered 

Minute Men of '61 


into the service of the United States by 
Major Irving McDowell, U.S.A. 

May 14, the Regiment was ordered to 
the Relay House, about nine miles from 
Baltimore. Here the B. & O. R. R., then 
the only direct northern communication 
with "Washington, passed over a mas- 
sive stone viaduct, the destruction of 
which, in the absence of a vigilant 
guard, might easily have been accom- 
plished, and have proved a serious in- 
convenience to the government. While 
the Regiment remained at this station 
scarcely a day passed but from three 
thousand to five thousand troops were 
carried over the road to Washington 
Night alarms were frequent, but the 
Regiment was always prompt in re- 
sponding to the summons of the "long 

Colonel Munroe resigned May 15, on 
account of disability, and on May 16, 
Lieutenant-Colonel Hinks was promoted 
Colonel, Major Elwell was promoted 
Lieutenant Colonel and Major Ben Per- 
ley Poore was chosen Major. 

June 20, the Regiment received a 
magnificent silk flag from the lady 
friends of the New York Seventh. 

June 27, the right wing of the 
Regiment was ordered to Baltimore, the 
left wing doing double guard and 
picket duty. 

July 2, the right wing went to the 
eastern shore of Maryland and cap- 
tured Captain Tilghman, a noted seces- 
sionist and commander of a mixed bat- 
talion of infantry and cavalry, and 
placed him in confinement in Fort 

July 3, the left wing was ordered to 
Baltimore and encamped in Stuart's 
Woods, in the westerly suburbs of the 
city, where they were joined by the 
right wing on their return from the 
eastern shore the same evening. 

July 4, the Manchester Comet Band 
joined the regiment for the remainder 
of its term of service, the expense of its 
services being borne by the officers and 

July 5, a garrison flag from the ladies 

of Lynn was presented to the Rei^iment, 
and later, another handsome silk flag 
was presented by the loyal citizens of 
Baltimore, making the fourth flag pre- 
sented the regiment since leaving Bos- 
ton. Company F of Lynn was also a 
recipient of a silk American flag from 
some of its friends in Baltimore. 

July 21, the day of the defeat of our 
forces at the first battle of Bull Run, 
the Regiment expressed their willing- 
ness to remain in service after the ex- 
piration of its term of enlistment in 
case the Government desired it. 

July 29, at about midnight, the Regi- 
ment struck camp for Massachusetts, 
being cordially saluted by the people 
on its way to the cars. Arrived at Jer- 
sey City at about midnight, July 30, re- 
mained in the depot until the next 
morning at seven. Arriving at New 
York it was met at Cortland Street by a 
committee of the "Sons of Massachu- 
setts," and escorted to the Park Bar- 
racks, where a substantial repast was 
provided, after which, under escort of 
the New York Seventh Regiment, the 
First Chasseurs and the "Sons of 
Massachusetts," it marched up Broad- 
way to Madison Square. There it was 
once more hospitably entertained by the 
New York Seventh, after which the 
march was resumed for the East River, 
where, amid the hearty adieus of the 
companions of their march to Annapolis 
Junction, and the cheers of the crowd, 
it embarked on the steamer, "Bay 
State," for Fall River, arriving at that 
city the next morning. There it en- 
joyed a substantial breakfast which the 
generous thoughtfiilness of the citizens 
had provided, and left for Boston, 
where it arrived at about noon. Aus?- 
ust 1. 

At the depot, the congratulations of 
the friends, gathered there to welcome 
the return of the regiment, caused 
quite a delay in the formation, and 
made the military reception which 
awaited them, seem of little importance. 
Escorted by the Second Battalion of In- 
fantry, the Regiment proceeded to the 


Minute Men of '61 

Common amid the cheering of the 
crowds that thronged the line of march. 
After partaking of a lunch, provided by 
the city, the Regiment executed various 
battalion movements which were en- 
thusiastically applauded by the assem- 
bled thousands. Having passed in re- 
view before Major Wightman, and lis- 
tening to the farewell address of its 
Commander, it was mustered out of 
service, and the • companies departed 
for their homes, where in every city 
and town, amid the ringing of bells and 
the firing of cannon, each was heartily 

In addition to the great service ren- 
dered the country in opening up the 
route to Washington via Annapolis and 
saving the "Constitution" from capture, 
the Eighth Regiment acquired great 
proficiency in drill, furnished instruc- 
tors for other organizations, did much 
guard and picket duty, and was the 
means of preventing large amounts of 
stores, supplies and ammunition from 
being sent into the South from Balti- 
more. It is only justice to say that 
these services were of inestimable value 
to the Union. 

The men, almost at a moment's warn- 
ing, had left their families unprovided 
for and their affairs unarranged, trust- 
ing to the patriotic humanity of their 
fellow citizens and of the State, to 
make all needful provisions for any im- 
mediate or final contingency. They had 
started in the midst of a pelting storm 
for the first rendezvous, not even prop- 
erly clad, and thence, not properly 
equipped, had pushed forward on their 
perilous errand. 

It is true they did not have, as they 
expected, an opportunity of meeting the 
enemy, although they evinced every dis- 
position to do so, but in the faithful 
performance of many active and re- 
sponsible duties required of them, they 
rendered the cause most effective ser- 
vice, and are worthy of an honorable 
page in their country's history. 

Congress was not unmindful of their 
services. On July 30, 1861, the House 

of Representatives passed the following 

"Resolved, That the thanks of this 
House are hereby presented to the 
Eighth Regiment of Massachusetts Vol- 
unteer Militia for their alacrity in re- 
sponding to the call of the President, 
and for the energy and patriotism dis- 
played by them in surmounting obsta- 
cles upon sea and land, when traitors 
had interposed to impede their prog- 
ress to the defence of the National 

The Massachusetts men of April, 1775, 
rushed to Lexington to dispute the prog- 
ress of the invader, and, if possible, to 
drive him from their soil. The Massa- 
chusetts men of April, 1861, poorly 
equipped, left that soil and rushed for- 
ward, through a hostile State, to the re- 
lief of the distant, threatened and be- 
leaguered Capitol, and the work of the 
men of 1861 saved it when shadows, 
clouds and darkness hung over it. 

To other Massachusetts Regiments is 
due the honor of having sealed with 
their blood their devotion to their coun- 
try duiing their three months' term of 
service at the outbreak of the rebellion, 
but while it was not the fortune of the 
Eighth to be thus honored, to it will 
ever be ascribed the honor of having 
opened a route and provided a way for 
other troops to respond promptly to the 
call of the President, securing the safe- 
ty of the National Capitol, and allay- 
ing the fears of the Government, be- 
sides saving from possible loss, the 
frigate "Constitution," and the "Old 
Ironsides" of the War of 1812. 

Many of the officers and men imme- 
diately re-entered the service, and a 
large number became officers of high 

The Regiment, notwithstanding con- 
stant depletion by officers and men 
leaving for the field in other organiza- 
tions, kept up its organization and 
served with credit for nine months in 
1862 and 1863 with nine hundred and 
eighty-four officers and men under com- 
mand of Colonel Frederick J. Cofiin, 
and for one hundred days in 1864 with 
nine hundred and thirteen officers and 
men under command of Colonel Benja- 
min F. Peach, Jr., who served as First 
Sergeant of Company C in the three 
months' campaign. 


Minute Men of '61 237 

Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minue Men of '61 


Colonel, Timothy MoxKoi';, Lynn. 

* Colonel, Edward W. Hinks, Lynn. 

'^Lieutenant-Colonel, Andrew Elweli,, Gloucester. 

Major, Benjamin PerlEy Poore, Newburyport. 

* Adjutant, George Creasey. Newburyport. 

Quartermaster , E. Alfred Ingalls, Lynn. 

Paymaster, Roland G. Usher, Lynn. 

Surgeon, Bowman B. Breed, Lynn. 

Assistant Surgeon, Warren Tapley, Lynn. 

Chaplain, Gilbert Haven, Maiden. 

* Sergeant Major, Johij Goodwin, Jr., Marblehead. 

Quartermaster Sergeant, Hor.\ce E. Monroe, Lynn. 

Drum Major, Samuel Roads, Marblehead. 

Roster Co. A. :^ighth Massachusetts Bartlett, Moses C 

Regiment, Minute Men of '61 Bicknell, Emerson Chelsea 

(Gushing Guards.) 

Bixby, Thomas Lowell 

Organized in 1775, and in 1S52 as- Blaisdell, James B Stoneham 

sumed the name they now bear. At *Burgess, Charles W Lowell 

4.30 p.m., on April 15, 1861, received *Burrows, John A.. 

orders to report as soon as possible at ^utts, John G Newburyport 

headquarters in Boston. At twelve *Cavenaugh, William D 

o'clock the next day, in a heavy storm, Cilley, Edward A 

marched to the depot and took cars for Clarkson, Jacob G 

Boston, and on arrival went to Faneuil *Cook, William H 

jjg^jj Crocker, Benjamin Boston 

*Cushing, John P Scituate 

Albert W. Bartlett, Capt. . .Newburyport j^^^j^^ Alexander Boston 

*George Barker, 1st Lieut Dodge, Richard S Newburyport 

Gamaliel Hodges, 2nd Lieut *Dodge, William H 

Nathan W. Collins, 3d Lieut *Dow, Zacheus 

Edward L. Noyes, 4th Lieut. . .Lawrence Dwyer, William T 

*Sam'l Baxter, 1st Lieut.. .Newburyport Eames, Evander R Boston 

*Thomas E. Marshall, Sergt Ewin, John M Newburyport 

*John C. Lang, Sergt Fay, Abraham Worcester 

Stephen D. Gardiner, Sergt *Farrill, John Newburyport 

John S. Frost, Corp *Felch, William H 

Sanford W. Grant, Corp *Flagg, Frank E Boston 

Joseph C. Batchelder, Corp *Flye, Daniel Saugus 

Joseph L. Johnson, Corp Foot, John H Boston 

♦Ambrose, John B *Forbes, William C Newburyport 

*Barlow, Joseph * 

Bartlett, Horace W *Re-eniisted 


Minute Men of '61 

Frost, George 

*Giles, Nathan R 

Giddings, William H 

*Goodwin, Stephen H 

Gray, Henry D Portsmouth, N. H. 

*GunniSon, Prank H Newburyport 

*HalI, Frank L 

Harvey, Solomon H Georgetown 

Hines, James G Newburypoil 

Hicken, Edward F 

Holbrook, Charles H Boston 

*Hudson, James L Newburyport 

* Jewett, Joseph H 

*Kezar, Samuel, Jr 

*Kirkwood, Hugh G 

Lang, Thomas E 

*Littlefield, David M Lowell 

*Martin, Henry Newburyport 

*Marsh, Clarence J 

*Merrill, John A 

Mellor, James W 

Morrison, Charles P.. 

*Neal, Alonzo M 

Paddock, James M. . . . 

*Perley, John L 

*Pearson, Samuel . . . 

*Rines, Jason S 

*Ross, Gayton O 

Sargent, Luther F. . . . 
*Seaver, Frederick . . 
Shackford, David . . . 

*Shaw, Joseph A 

*Sterling, William S.. 
*Van Moll, Richard A. 

Watson, Martin 

*Woodwell, Caleb S... 
Young, Thomas C. . . . 


Minute Men of '61 239 

Company B, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of Y)l 

(Lafayette Guards.) 

Organized in 1S25. Orders were re- Clark, John W Marblehead 

ceived by the Marblehead companies at Cloutman, Benjamin L 

five o'clock on the afternoon of April Connor, Jeremiah 

15, 1861, to appear in Boston the next Daly, Thomas 

day. Notwithstanding the brief notice, Doyle, John 

the call met with a willing and ready Donovan, John 

response, and the companies left town Druchan, Patrick 

early the next morning, and were the Ellsworth, Thomas 

first companies which arrived in Bos- Ellsworth, James, Jr 

ton on April 16. Fay, John 

Grieve, Robert 

Richard Phillips, Capt Marblehead Gertz William H 

Abiel S. Roads, Jr., 1st Lieut Goldsmith, Richard 

William S. Roads, 2nd Lieut Hennessey, Michael 

William Cash, 3d Lieut Hunt, William 

Benjamin L. Mitchell, 1st Sergt Humbey, William Boston 

Edward B. Smethurst, Sergt Xourse. George W Marblehead 

Joseph Savory, Sergt Lemmon, William B 

Benjamin H. Rogers, Sergt Manning, Peter 

Aaron Bradley, Corp McClearn, Stuart F 

John H. Stevens, Corp Newcomb, Joseph Lynn 

William H. Snow, 2nd Corp ^'o^^'^e, George W Marblehead 

Joseph H. Phillips, Corp Oliver, Thomas 

Philip W. Symonds, Musician 

Peach, James 

Perry, John 

Bartlett, Joseph Roxbury Phillips, Bemjamin H. 

Barrett, Richard Marblehead Phillips, Samuel K... 

Bassett, Matthew T Phillips, Samuel H... 

Berry, John Powers, Joseph P. . . . 

Bradley, John Rhodes, George 

Brown, James, 2nd Snellings, Joseph . . . . 

Burke, William F Snellings, Samuel . . . 

Chase, Benjamin W. R Stevens, George D. . . . 

Chapman, Joseph R., 2nd Towle, Charles T 

Clarendon, James A Lawrence Tucker, Darby 

240 Minute Men oe '61 

Company C, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Sutton Light Infantry.) 

This company was organized in 1809 Devitt, Tliomas E 

as the old Marblehead Light Infantry, Doe, Charles W 

and in 1851 it was reorganized and Doliber, Nathaniel P 

called the Sutton Light Guards. Re- Edwards, Charles W 

ceived orders at five o'clock on the Dutcher, William W 

afternoon of April 15, 1861, and left Falvey, Andrew 

town for Boston the next morning with Falvey, John 

the other Marblehead companies. Gillej% William L 

Gilbert, Thomas G 

^^ , , ,,. ,^ , . ^ , , Grant, Richard T 

Knott V. Martin, Capt Marblehead ^ ■.^,r■■,^■ /-. 

Green, vVilliam C 

Lorenzo F. Linnell, 1st Lieut Haskell Mark 

John H. Haskell, 2nd Lieut Hawkes, William H 

Benjamin F. Peach, Jr., 1st Sergt Holt, Lewis H 

Benjamin J. Perick, Sergt Ireson, John H 

William Goodwin, 3d Sergt Knight, Joseph S 

Charles H. Howe, Sergt Knowland, William C 

Joseph Cloutman, Corp Knowland, John H 

William H. Ingalls, Corp Millett, John 

William T. Peach, Corp aiitchell, Benjamin, 2nd 

Philip T. Woodfin, Jr., Corp Morriss, Stephen D 

Samuel Roads, Musician ^^«i^^^' Gamaliel H 

Norcross, William O 

Armstrong, Thomas Nourse, Frederick A 

Bailey, James S., Jr Peachey, William 

Besson, Philip, Jr Pepper, James T Boston 

Bladder, William T Pierce, Frank Lynn 

Blaney, Elias Russell, Richard F Marblehead 

Blaney, William Russell, William O 

Bliss, George H Smith, George A 

Brooks, Melvin M Stever, Clark W 

Brown, John H Stone, Theodore 

Brown, William P., 2nd Walsh, Robert 

Butler, Samuel Webb, William 

Carroll, George H Lynn White, James F 

Chapman, Thomas R Marblehead Winslow, Charles E 

Gushing, Martin V. B Winslow, William H 

Minute Men of '61 241 

Company D, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Lj^nn Light Infantry.) 

Chartered in May, 1852. The warn- Emereton, William W 

ing to the members was begun at four Fales, Charles 

p.m., April 15, 1861, and they were Foster, George W 

ordered to appear at the armory at Foster, Samuel 

seven o'clock that evening. Next morn- Foxcroft, George A., .Tr Boston 

ing a little past ten o'clock they left the Foye, John Lynn 

armory with seventy -three men and Fraser, Joshua H 

marched to the depot and with Company Goodridge, Henry H 

F took cars for Boston, and on arriving Hills, Edwin T 

proceeded direct to Faneuil Hall. Hixon, E. Oswell 

George T. Xewhall. Capt Lynn ^^^'^' Wheelwright 

^^ „ . Jones, James E 

Thomas H. Berry, 1st Lieut ^^ .^, ^ . , ,. 

„,, . , „ ^ , „ , ^ Keith, Friend H 

Elbridge Z. Saunderson, 2nd Lieut ^^ ,, _ _ 

^, , ° ,■ , .XX o , T ■ X Kelley, James D 

Charles M. Merritt, 3d Lieut , . . . . ^^. , ,, ^ . . ^^ 

Kimball, Edwin H 

William A. Fraser, 1st Sergt Kincaid. Alonzo 

Henry C. Burrill, Sergt Lambert, Daniel 

William H. Merritt, Sergt Lougee, John E 

George E. Palmer, Sergt Macomber, Horatio E 

Daniel Raymond, Corp Martin, John M 

Henry C. Conner, Corp Merritt, George G 

Thomas J. Pousland, Corp ; Mudgett, Isaac N 

William H. Keene, Corp Newhall, Henry A 

James 0. Clarrage, Musician Nichols, Nathan A 

Alley, James D Noonan, Daniel 

Andrews, Oscar D Oliver, Harrison 

Atkinson, Charles O Oliver, Stephen A 

Bailey, George W Patten, John B 

Bartlett, Alonzo W Patten, Thomas P 

Bates, Lewis H Peirce, Levi M 

Berry, William H Reed. Samuel A 

Besse, Francis E Remick, Samuel D 

Carpenter, Henry A Sanborn, Joseph R 

Caswell, William Smith, Frank M 

Cilley, John W Sweetser, Charles H 

Clement, Oscar H Tarr, John S 

Coe, John T Trask. Israel A 

Curtis, George Wentworth, Ruf us 

Dudley, Alonzo G Whitney, Joseph A. P ^. • ■ • • 

Elder, Josiah L Williams, J. Henry Boston 


Minute Men of '61 

Company E, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Beverly Light Infantry.) 

Organized in 1814. Upon the call of 
the Governor January 4, 1861, a full 
company immediately responded and 
upon his order of April 1.5, wliich was 
received on the evening of that date at 
6.15 o'clock, seventy-four men met at 
the armory at eight o'clock the next 
morning, and reported in Boston at 
twelve o'clock the same day. 

Francis E. Porter, Capt Beverly 

John W. Raymond, 1st Lieut 

Eleazer Giles, 2d Lieut 

Albert Wallis, 3rd Lieut 

Moses S. Herrick, 4th Lieut 

Henry P. Woodbury, 1st Sergt 

Reuben Herrick, Jr., Sergt 

Alfred Porter, Sergt 

Benjamin F. Herrick, Sergt 

Samuel Bell, Corp 

Hugh J. Munsey, Corp 

George R. Sands, Corp 

John Low, Corp 

George W. Tucker, Musician 

Allen, Charles R 

Andrews, William A 

Blake, Jesse A 

Blanchard, Andrew J 

Blanchard, William H 

Brown, James 

Brown, Thomas D 

Choate, William E 

Cleaves, William A 

Currier, Frederick A 

Darling, Charles L Boston 

Dean, John Beverly 

Dennis, John H 

Dennis, Leonard G 

Dodge, Alonzo P 

Dodge, Benjamin F 

Ferguson, Cha.rles H 

Friend, William A 

Gaven, Thomas 

Glidden, Ezra A 

Goodridge, George H 

Goodridge, Samuel, Jr Manchester 

Gordon, Samuel Hallowell, Me. 

Grant, William E Beverly 

Hammond, Daniel W 

Hale, Henry A 

Haskell, Francis P Manchester 

Hitchings, Josiah T Beverly 

Holden, George C 

Homans, Charles S 

Larcom, Henry P 

Lee, Samuel O 

Lord, Charles A 

Masury, John W 

Meehan, Arthur 

Mitchell, Charles W 

Moses, John E 

Mowett, George A 

Neville, John 

Obear, Edward H 

Pedrick, Moses A 

Pickett, George H 

Piper, John F 

Prince, Geo. W 

Poland, William H. B 

Rogers, Joseph S. S 

Scott, Godfrey 

Smith, Thomas J., Jr 

Smith, William I 

Stone, Joseph G 

Story, Charles 

Southwick, Edwin 

Teague, William A 

Trask, Amos B 

Trask, Ebenezer 

Wallis, Frederick A 

Warren, William H 

Warren, William W 

Webber, Sherebiah S 

Minute Men of '61 


Company F. Eighth Massach assets Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(City Guards.) 

At 3.30 o'clock on the afternoon of 
April 15, 1861, Captain Hudson received 
orders to appear with his company in 
Boston at nine o'clock the next fore- 
noon; at seven o'clock the armory was 
filled with an eager and excited crowd, 
eager to volunteer. At 10.45 the next 
rooming, with Company D, they started 
for Boston, and on arrival at once 
marched to Faneuil Hall. 

James Hudson, Jr., Capt Lynn 

Edward A. Chandler, 1st Lieut 

Henry Stone, 2nd Lieut 

Matthias N. Snow, 3d Lieut 

Henry H. Pike, 1st Sergt 

George Watts, Sergt 

.George E. Stone, Sergt 

Timothy N. Newton, Sergt 

James R. Downer, Corp 

Joseph W. Johnson, Corp 

Jeremiah Towiing, Corp 

George W. Harris, Corp 

Edward D. Clarrage, Musician 

Alley, James E 

Alley, Richard 

Bailey, Samuel C 

Barker, Patrick 

Baxter, John B 

Black, James O 

Boynton, Benjamin P 

Brown, Ezra W 

Brown, James W 

Brown, William B 

Campbell. George Saugus 

Chase, Charles H Lynn 

Chase. John C 

Cryon, Thomas 

Colunall, William 

Dalton, Frank S 

Davenport, Charles 

Davis, Newhall S 

Dogherty, James B 

Donnelly, James E 

Edwards, George 

Estes. Jacob S 

Flanders, Augustus B 

Foster, John H 

Gilbert, John 

Griffin, William H 

Grover, Benjamin P.. . 
Harraden, Charles O. .. 

Harris, Edward 

Hiller, Edward L 

Hunnewell. Francis . . 

Ingalls, Abner 

Johnson, Nathaniel . . . 

Johnson, Samuel 

Kelley, Daniel W 

Kimball, Josiah F 

Kimball, Moses 

Lake, Calvin H 

Laborda, James S 

Luscomb, Murray . . . . 

Mahoney, Dennis 

Martin, Robert P 

McDavitt, William F.. 

Mellen, Andrew 

Mead, Samuel 

Moulton, Josiah F 

Murray, James A 

Newton, William S.... 

Norie. Alexander 

Orr, Charles H 

Owen, Josei)h 

Pay ton. Thomas 

Peabody. Benjamin W 

Phillips. Daniel 

Pike. William J 

Pratt, Daniel S 

Rand. Thomas B 

Reed. Orison R 

Reynolds. James W. . . . 
Reynolds. Andrew T. .. 

Rhodes, Isaac N 

Rowe, George W 

Rowe, William B 

Sargent, Albert 

Sargent, George W. . 

Snow, Warren 

Sparks, Urial 

Swan, George W 

Sweetser. George W. . 

Taylor, Henry 

Thompson, Samuel T. 

Tufts, William H 

Tutt. Benjamin 

Webster. Samuel .... 

White. George F 

Wilson, William B 

Young, Hugh 


Minute Men of '61 

Company G, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment 
Minute Men of '61 

(American Guard.) 

Organized in 1788, and disbanded in 
1849, and sprang into existence again 
in 1852. Wlien the guns of Sumter 
reverberated along tlie coast in April, 
1861, and the sound struck the shores 
of Cape Ann, it sent a tlirill into every 
heart, and was increased by tlie order 
received at five p.m., April 15, for the 
Guard to appear in Boston the next 
morning and start for the national cap- 
ital, then in danger from traitors. 

Addison Center, Capt Gloucester 

David W. Lowe, 1st Lieut 

Edward A. Storey, 2nd Lieut 

Harry Clark, 3d Lieut 

Stephen Rich, 1st Sergt 

Alfred F. Tremain, Sergt 

Westover Greenleaf, Sergt 

William A. Marshall, Sergt 

Samuel Fears, Sergt 

Abraham Williams, Jr., Corp 

George L. Fears, Corp 

George Clark, 3d Corp 

Adolph F. Lindberg, Corp 

Allen, George E 

Bushby, William 

Carlton, George C 

Carlton, William F 

Carter, John S 

Clark, Samuel L 

Cookson, Edward 

Daniels, Joseph A 

Douglas, Johnathan 

Friend, Solomon 

Galvin, Michael A 

Gardner, George D 

Oilman, John E 

Gove, William A 

Gray, Charles H 

Hall, Charles A 

Haskell, Nathaniel . . . . 

Hinsch, John ... I 

Howe, Augustus M., Jr. 
Jennison, Maverick M. . 

Johnson, John W 

Knights, Elias D., Jr. . . 

Knights, Edward 

Lovejoy, James W 

Martin, John W 

Matchett, Thomas 

Millett, Arthur C 

McKenney, William A.. 

Morey, Benjamin F 

Murphy, Peter 

Nye, Alonzo A 

Ober, John P 

Parker, John J 

Peroni, Paulino 

Phipps, Octavius 

Robie, George F 

Rowe, Edward 

Shackleford, George . . . 

Steele, Adrian 

Stevens, Robert 

Stevens, Charles L 

Stokes, Frederick 

Swift, Calvin W 

Tarr, Samuel 

Utpadel, Herman 

Vincent, William 

Walker, Henry , 

Williams, Henry 

Williams, John 

Witham, John W , 

Woodbury, Joseph W. . 
Wonson, Jabez F 

Minute Men of '61 


Company H, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Glover Light Guards.) 

Organized in 1852. Was named in 
honor of General Glover, who crossed 
the Delaware with Washington. Orders 
were received at five o'clock on the af- 
ternoon of April 15, 1861, to appear in 
Boston the next day, and they left town 
early the next morning and were among 
the first companies to arrive April 16. 

Francis Boardman, Capt. . . .Marblehead 

Thomas Russell, 1st Lieut 

Nicholas Bowden, 2nd Lieut 

Joseph S. Caswell, 3d Lieut 

Edmund Lewis, 1st Sergt 

Isaac B. Wadden, Sergt 

John T. Gebow, Sergt 

William H. Martin, Sergt 

David Burke, Corp 

Archibald S. Dennis, Corp 

William Smethurst, Corp 

Benjamin A. Phillips, Corp 

William H. Bartol, Musician 

William H. Tucker, Musician 

Aiken, Alfred 

Alley, Jacob H 

Bessom, William B 

Boardman, Joseph F Boston 

Brady, John Lowell 

Burke, James Lynn 

Calkin, Charles H 

Clark, John W 

Dacey, Timothy J Lowell 

Felton, Robert P Marblehead 

Girdler. Lewis 

Goss, John R 

Goss, AVilliam 

Graves, John G 

High, William F 

Ireson, Thomas E 

Joy, Henry Boston 

Johiison, Theodore 

Kane, James H 

Magee, James Marblehead 

Mason, Joseph 

McMann, John T Boston 

Mitchell, Michael Marblehead 

Parrott. Joseph A Lynn 

Peart, George H So. Danvers 

Rhodes, Augustine, Jr Marblehead 

Ryan, John 

Scott, William 

Sheriden, James 

Snow, John 

Sparhawk, Benjamin O 

Southwick, Joseph P Lynn 

SuUivHn, Marcus Saugus 

Thayer, Charles G Natick 

Tibbetts, George F Salem 

Ward, Charles H Worcester 

White, Augustus W Marblehead 

Wooldridge, William 


Minute Mkn of '61 

Compan}^ J, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

The Salem Light Infantry, now desig- 
nated as Company H, Eighth Regiment 
Infantry, M.V.M., was organized in 180G. 
The Charter was signed by His Excel- 
lency Governor Caleb Strong, on Febru- 
ary 22. The Organization was com- 
pleted in May, when the action of the 
Governor was confirmed by the Execu- 
tive Council, and the first parade was 
made under Captain John Saunders on 
July 4. 

The Company made a fine appearance 
in its new uniform, which is thus de- 
scribed: "Sliort blue coat, white cashi- 
mere waistcoat and pantaloons, the coat 
faced with superfine scarlet broadcloth, 
with small, flat, double-gilt buttons, and 
the button-holes ornamented with gold 
vellum; blue straps on the shoulders 
edged with red; skirts faced with scar- 
let cashimere; the pockets to slant 
with the fold of the coat; the skirts 
and welts edged with red; four buttons 
on eacli welt; the cuffs scarlet, with 
four large gilt buttons." 

"Pantaloons edged and seamed with 

"Gaiters of black broadcloth with 
buttons covered with the same and 
edged with scarlet." 

"Square-toed shoes." 

"White cotton cambric handkerchief, 
over which a black silk stock, tied be- 
hind so as to cover three-fourths of the 
handkerchief, leaving the upper part 

"Plain shirt with plaited bosom, made 

"Grecian cap with brass crest, and 
red hair falling down on the right side, 
cap bound with scarlet, and a scarlet 
bandeau to go round the cap, orna- 
mented with gold cord, a black cockade, 
yellow eagle, yellow button and gold 

cord loop. In front of the cap, the let- 
ters in cypher S.L.I." 
. "The belt for the cartridge box and 
bayonet of white leather." 

"The cartridge box highly polished 
and brass star in the centre." 

"The canteen blue, edged with red, 
the initials of the company on one side^ 
and the initials of the soldier's name 
on the other." 

"The knapsack of sealskin, with red 
straps, and bound with red leather." 

For commissioned officers: "Gold 
epauletts, boots, side arms and sash." 

Sergeants to wear a "gold lace knot 
on the shoulder, and a hanger." 

The Salem Gazette referred to their 
first appearance in most complimen- 
tary terms, and prophetically referred 
to the possibilities "if ever called into 
active service," now one hundred years 

The Company answered the alarm 
calls of "British landing on the neck" 
during the War of 1812-15, and had a 
section of artillery of two brass pieces, 
"with twenty pike men to each gun." 

It was the first volunteer company to 
provide itself with an encampment, pur- 
chasing the tents from a prize cargo 
brought into Salem. This encampment 
consisted of a Headquarters marquee, 
circular in form, with a scalloped can- 
vas fringe, bound with red under the 
eaves, and surmounted with a gilt ball 
with a staff fiying a burgee with a cir- 
cle of stars enclosing the letters S.L.I. 
on a blue field. 

Two square tents, one the N.C.O., apd 
the otlier used as a kitchen, and six 
line "bell" tents, with a sod cloth 
eighteen inches deep, each tent sur- 
mounted with a ball. The tent poles 
were blue, supporting a circular table. 

Minute Men of '61 


also painted blue, with elongated duck 
camp stools in plenty. 

In 1813 it banqueted Commodore 
Bainbridge of the United States Frig- 
ate Constitution at Hamilton Hall, when 
a salute was fired from a full-rigged 
model of the ship, which was suddenly 
disclosed, at the announcement of the 
toast, "The American Navy." This ship 
is preserved in the Peabody Museum in 
East India Marine Hall. 

Soon after the War of 1812 it organ- 
ized a band which it maintained for 
twenty years. 

In 1813 it took part in the funeral 
obsequies of Captain Lawrence and 
Lieutenant Ludlow, victims of the en- 
counter between the Chesapeake and 
the Shannon. Did escort duty at the 
reception of the Marquis de Lafayette 
in 1824, and paraded in a similar ca- 
pacity on their visit to Salem of three 
Presidents of the United States, viz.: 
James Monroe in 1817, Andrew Jackson 
in 1833, and James K. Polk in 1S47. In 
the first instance, Shillaber street was 
changed to Monroe street in honor of 
the event. It also paraded at the 
funeral ceremonies of tlie late Presi- 
dents, William Henry Harrison in 1841, 
and Zachary Taylor in 1850. 

Previous to 1830, it packed its bag- 
gage wagons, bivouacking from one to 
three days on the road, at different 
times, to inure itself to military duty, 
visiting at different times Wenham, 
Hamilton, Rowley, Ipswich, Newbury- 
port, Newbury, Lynn, Danvers, Glouces- 
ter. Beverly, Lowell, Andover, Medford, 
Chelsea, Cambridge, Marblehead, New 
Bedford, Boston and Providence, always 
at its own expense. 

More than once it marched to Boston, 
notably at the fiftieth anniversary of 
the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1825, and 
again at the completion of the monu- 
ment in 1844. 

In 1833 it paraded in honor of the 
visit to Salem of the Hon. Henry Clay, 
and in 1834 at the great Whig dinner, 
when Hon. Nathaniel Silsbee, Hon. 
Rufus Choate, Hon. Daniel Webster and 

Hon. Edward Everett were present. 

Its fiftieth anniversary in 185.5 was 
celebrated with grea't pomp, Capt. 
James A. Farless being in command, 
with Capt. Edward Lander (father of 
Gen. Fred W. Lander) being in com- 
mand of the past members, which in- 
cluded representatives of the first fami- 
lies of Salem. 

It took up the Zouave drill in 1859, 
under Capt. Arthur F. Devereux, re- 
ceived and entertained the famous Ells- 
worth Zouaves (pupils of Devereux in 
Chicago), in 1860, and in April, 1861, 
gave an exhibition drill in Mechanic 
Hall before Governor John A. Andrew 
and a number of distinguistied person- 
ages, which was characterized as "a 
marvel of precision and exactness." 

April 18, 1861, it left for the seat of 
wai', in response to President Lincoln's 
first call for troops, in the highest 
state of discipline and drill, and was 
assigned as the right flank company of 
Skirmishers, Company J, Eighth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment, and was known 
throughout the three months' campaign 
as the "Salem Zouaves." 

It was put aboard the United States 
Frigate "Constitution" at Annapolis, 
Md., by order of General Butler, April 
21, 1861, and with the "Sappers and 
Miners" went in her to New York, leav- 
ing the frigate at the Brooklyn Navy 
Yard, rejoining the Regiment per 
steamer "Roanoke," and being the first 
troops to reach Washington by water, 
outsteaming her convoy, the "Cam- 

During the War of the Rebellion it 
was three times mustered into the 
United States service, first, as de- 
scribed, under Capt. Arthur F. Dever- 
eux in 1861, second, as Company A, Fif- 
tieth Massachusetts Regiment, under 
Capt. Geo. D. Putnam, in 1862-3, and 
third as the Thirteenth Unattached 
Company of Infantry under Capt. Robt. 
W. Reeves, in 1864. It also reported 
with full ranks in Boston, on the occa- 
sion of "Banks" Retreat," in 1862. 

Five other companies were raised by 


Minute Mb;n of '61 

past members, as follows: Company A, 
Twenty-third, Capt. E. A. P. Brewster; 
Company F, Twenty-third, Capt. Geo. 
M. Whipple; Company B, Twenty- 
fourth, Capt. Geo. F. Austin; Company 
F, Eleventh, Capt. John F. Devereux, 
and Company H, Nineteenth, Capt. 
Chas. U. Devereux. 

Five of its members earned the right 
to wear the star of a Brigadier, viz.: 
Fred W. Lander, Arthur F. Devereux, 
Charles L. Pierson, Charles F. Walcott 
and Charles A. R. Dimon. 

Of the seventy-two Salem Zouaves 
who served during the three months' 
first term, nearly all re-entered the serv- 
ice, and by a singular coincidence 
seventy-two commissions were issued to 
its members before the war was over, 
an average of one for each man. 

Seven were killed in battle, one each 
at South Mountain, Antietam, Fre^ 
ericksburg, Cedar Mountain, "Whitehall. 
Spottsylvania and Petersburg. Many 
others were wounded, some severely, 
and some met death in rebel prisons. 

It was represented by past members 
in the Second, Seventh, Eighth, Elev- 
enth, Eighteenth, Nineteenth, Twentieth, 
Twenty-first, Twenty-third, Twenty- 
fourth, Thirtieth, Thirty-third, Thirty- 
fifth, Fortieth, Forty-first, Forty-eighth. 
Fiftieth, Fifty-seventh, Fifty-eighth, 
Fifty-ninth and Sixty-first Regiments, 
and the Thirteenth Unattached Com- 
pany of Massachusetts Infantry, First 
and Second Companies Massachusetts 
Sharpshooters, Fourth and Fifth Mass- 
achusetts Light Batteries, First, Second 
and Fourth Massachusetts Heavy Ar- 
tillery, First and Third Massachusetts 
Cavalry, First Massachusetts Battalion, 
Twenty-sixth New York Frontier Caval- 
ry, Second ( Union') Louisiana Infantry, 
First North Carolina (Union) Volun- 
teers, First and Seventh Iowa Infantry, 
Eleventh Minnesota Infantry, Twelfth 
Maine Infantry, Fourth Wisconsin In- 
fantry, Seventh, Fifty-third and One 
Hundred and Seventj^-eighth New York 
Infantry, Sixth and Eleventh New 

Hampshire Infantry, First United States 
Volunteers (reconstructed rebels), Ul- 
man's Brigade of Colored Troops, Ninth 
Corps d'Afrique, Eighty-first Colored In- 
fantry, Seventh Squadron Rhode Island 
Cavalry, a Rhode Island Battery of 
Light Artillery, First Louisiana En- 
gineers, Texas Independent Cavalry, 
Coast Defence Battalion, and the United 
States Regulars. 

Also in the Second, Fifth, Eighth, 
Ninth, Tenth, Twelfth, Eighteenth, 
Nineteenth, Twentieth, Twenty-third, 
Twenty-fourth, Twenty-fifth Army Corps, 
the Engineers and Pontonier Corps, 
Signal Corps, and the Adjutant Gener- 
al's, Quartermaster General's and the 
Commissary General's Departments of 
the Army and in the Navy. 

The Nineteenth Massachusetts Regi- 
ment contained many officers and men 
from the company, which furnished sev- 
eral drill masters to this Regiment dur- 
ing its organization at Lynnfield, all of 
whom had graduated from the first 
three months' service, and eight of 
whom were subsequently commissioned 
in the Regiment. A new company re- 
cruited by Capt. Charles U. Devereux, 
first sergeant of the Salem Zouaves, 
was subsequently added to tlie Regi- 
ment, adding many more. They shared 
the hard service of this gallant Regi- 
ment, were promoted, detailed or 
wounded as shown by the following 

Commissions received: One Colonel, 
one Lieutenant-Colonel, one Major, five 
Captains, seven First Lieutenants, five 
Second Lieutenants, two Assistant Ad- 
jutant Generals. 

Non-commissioned officers: One Ser- 
geant Major, one Color Sergeant, one 
First Sergeant, five Sergeants and one 

Details: Four Adjutants, one Assist- 
ant Adjutant Genei'al, three Assistant 
Infantry Generals and one Commissary 
of Subsistence. 

Of the five Captains, three were 
wounded and two were killed, the Lieu- 

Minute Men of '61 


tenant Colonel, the Color Sergeant, 
three Sergeants and one Corporal were 
wounded, besides other casualties. 

In the Twenty-third Regiment, two 
Captains, three Lieutenants, five Ser- 
geants, and four Corporals were grad- 
uated from the Salem Zouaves, many 
of whom v^•ere promoted and some 

The Twenty-fourth, upon its organiza- 
tion, also had one Captain, three Ser- 
geants and one Corporal from the com- 
pany, all of whom were promoted, two 
of the Sergeants receiving Captain's 

The Assistant Adjutant General, 
Army of the Cumberland, also came 
from its ranks, with individual repre- 
sentatives in a surprising num.ber of 
other organizations from other States, 
as already narrated, the whole forming 
a summary of service to the nation 
which can hardly be excelled if equalled 
by any other military organization. 

There is hardly a battle from Bel- 
mont to Gettysburg, from Fort Henry 
and Shiloh to New Orleans, from Peters- 
burg to Appomattox, where it was not 
represented bj' a former member. 

After the war, it resumed its place 
in the militia. 

In 1862 the Veteran Association was 
organized under the command of Col. 
George Peabody, composed of past mem- 
bers, to fill the gap while the Company 
was in the service of the United States, 
which always paraded with full ranks 
on the various home-comings of the 
active Company, and rendered much 
valuable service, individually and col- 
lectively in many ways. It still main- 
tains its organization and is in a flour- 
ishing condition. 

It formed part of the escort to Presi- 
dent U. S. Grant in Boston in 1869, and 
at the funeral escort to the remains of 
the late George Peabody of London, at 
Peabody, in 1870. 

It took part in the observance of the 
centennial ci the Battle of Bunker Hill, 
in CharIesto-,\ n, in 1875, encamped in 
Philadelphia during the Centennial Ex- 

position in 1876, and formed a part of 
the escort to Rutherford B. Hayes, Presi- 

Mac — . . . . N — N — N. . — . . — 

dent of the United States, at Boston, 
in 1877. 

In ISSO its 7.5th Anniversary was cele- 
brated in the usual elaborate manner, 
including parade, reception, fireworks, 
banquet and speeches, both the active 
company and the veteran association 
turning out in large numl)ers. 

In 1889 it attended, with the Regi- 
ment, the i!iaugural ceremonies of Presi- 
dent Benjamin Harrison, at Washing- 

In 1892, it paraded with other organ- 
izations of the city, in celebration of the 
four hundredth anniversary of the 
Landing of Columbus, the Veteran As- 
sociation under Maj. George M. Whip- 
ple parading one hundred and seven 

In 1898 every member on its roll 
was a qualified marksman, and was so 
reported in the official report of the 
Inspector General of Rifle Practice, for 
that year, so that on the breaking out 
of the Spanish War the same year, it 
was in a high state of efficiency, and 
was for the fourth time mustered into 
the service of the. United States, return- 
ing from Cuba under the command of 
the son of a former commander, adding 
foreign service to its record. 

February 22, 190.5, it celebrated the 
Centennial of the Charter by a banquet 
at the Armory, with the liiayor and 
other invited guests. On this occasion 
a copy of the Charter was presented 
to the Corps. 

At the present writing, it returns 
from its camp duty, from the manoeu- 
vers at Westfield, Mass., including all 
the troops of the State, with a detach- 
ment of regular Infantry and Cavalry, 
all under the command of Lieut. Gen. 
Nelson A. Miles, U.S.A. (retired), with 
merited honors under the present com- 
mander, Capt. William H. Perry, who 
took his fail complenient to camp, and 
earned the distinction of being one of 
the best companies on the field. 


Minute Men of '61 

During the century just closed (1905), 
it has furnished two adjutant generals 
and two assistant adjutant generals of 
the State, a treasurer and receiver gen- 
eral, a member of the staff of three 
Governors of the Commonwealth, a Sec- 
retary of War, several members of the 
general court, seven mayors of Salem, 
one of Lawrence, one of Lowell, and its 
members have illumined the Bench and 
the Bar. It has won distinction in 
both civil and military life, earned an 
enviable reputation in peace and war, 
and is to-day still in the harness of 
active military duty, (1908), as one of 
the best military companies for service, 
in the commonwealth. 

Arthur Forrester Devereux, Com- 
mander of the Salem Zouaves, in April, 
1861, died in Cincinnati, Ohio, on the 
14th of February, 1906, at the age of 
seventy years. 

He was born in Salem in 1S38, and 
v/as the son of George H. and Charlotte 
Forrester Devereux. His father was 
Adjutant General of Massachusetts 
from 1848 to 1851, and from him the 
son inherited his taste for military mat- 

He married Miss Clara A. Rich of 
Haverhill, Mass. 

The subject of our sketch was edu- 
cated in the schools of Salem, Harvard 
College, and subsequently entered the 
Military Academy of West Point, where 
was laid the foundation of his military 
training, which subsequently reflected 
credit upon the nation, the State and 

In 1854-5 he was in business in Chi- 
cago with a young man named Elmer 
Ellsworth, then imknown to fame, and 
was also Adjutant of a Battalion of the 
Illinois National Guard, commanded by 
Major Simon Bolivar Buckner, after- 
ward of Confederate fame, and later 
Governor of Kentucky. 

Ellsworth had enlisted a number of 
young men, called the Chicago Cadets, 
who were desirous of entering the Na- 
tional Guard, and were admitted to 
Bolivar's Battalion, on condition that 

they put themselves under the tuition 
of Adjutant Devereux. 

In their back oihce on Sunday after- 
noons, Devereux imparted to the en- 
thusiastic Ellsworth those early in- 
sti'uctions, which brought forth such 
biilliant results later. 

Devereux shortly after came East, 
was elected to the command of the Sa- 
lem Light Infantry, which his father had 
commanded before him. In his speech 
of acceptance, he referred to the Chi- 
cago Company, and immediately com- 
menced the work necessary to place the 
Salem. Company on the same footing. 

In 1860, when the now famous Chi- 
cago Company were on their celebrated 
competitive drill tour, they visited Sa- 
lem for the sole purpose of visiting 
their old friend Devereux. They were 
received and entertained by the Salem 
Light Infantry, including a breakfast at 
the Devereux homestead. 

Three days later Fort Sumter was 
fired upon, and it was but natural that 
this company should respond for duty to 
President Lincoln's first call for troops. 
They were at this time Company A of 
the Seventh Regiment, M.V.M., but were 
assigned as the right flank company of 
the Eighth Regiment, and designated as 
Company "J." 

During the three months' campaign, 
Captain Devereux made his mark, and 
was selected by Colonel Hinks, Com- 
mander of the Regiment, to be Lieuten- 
ant Colonel of the Nineteenth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers for three years, 
after the expiration of the three-months' 

All tactical matters were left by Col- 
onel Hinks to Lieutenant-Colonel 
Devereux, with a dozen of commissioned 
and non-commissioned officers, who 
went from the three-months' company 
into the Nineteenth Regiment with him. 

Fortune placed this Regiment in the 
Third Brigade, and Second Division, 
Second Army Corps, where it was kept 
for four long years, participating in all 
the battles of the Army of the Poto- 

Minute Men of '61 


Lieutenant-Colonel Devereux was de- 
tailed in various special ways. At 
Yorktown he built a signal tower of 
logs, under the fire of the enemy, and 
Tvas otherwise occupied in the erection 
of the field w^orks at that place. 

At Antietam he was wounded. 

At Fredericksburg, under the enemy's 
fire, lie ordered his men to lie down for 
protection. A staff officer ordered hhn 
to have his men stand up. Devereux 
refused to obey, unless it was his su- 
perior officer's orders. This order was 
obtained; Devereux immediately gave 
the order, "Attention." The Regiment 
stood up, a galling fire was instantly 
received by them, and the order was 
again given to lie down, and the staff 
officer rode away. 

At a banquet some years afterw^ard. 
3,11 of these officers met. The incident 
was referred to, and the Staff Officer, 
in a manly manner, said: "Colonel 
Devereux, I wish to say in this pres- 
ence, that you were right at that time, 
and 1 was wrong." 

At Gettysburg, when Pickett'?; charge 
iDroke through our lines at the copse of 
trees. General Hancock was riding near, 
when Colonel Devereux called his at- 
tention to the break, and asked if he 
should move in there. The reply was 
-quick and to the point. All the colors 
of Armistead's Brigade were captured 
at this point, and a copy of the receipt 
for them to Colonel Devereux from 
Colonel Norman J. Hall, commanding 
the Brigade, is on file in the office of 
the Adjutant General of Massachusetts, 
having been forwarded by Colonel 
Devereux, with his official report to 
Adjutant-General William Schouler. 
General Hancock's official report men- 
tions the circumstances in plain, sol- 
dierly and commendable words, to Colo- 
nel Devereux's credit. 

He was brevetted a Brigadier-Genei'al, 
and after the war entered business in 
Boston, later moved to New York, and 
subsequently went West. 

He was at one time Governor of the 
Marion Branch of United States Homes 

for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, which 
was built under his supervision. 

Latterly he moved to Cincinnati, and 
was elected to the Ohio Legislature 
from this place. 

He was a man of strong individual- 
ity, and had certain peculiarities which 
were striking. His presence was felt. 
Though somewhat of a lymphatic tem- 
perament, he was quick in thought and 
decided in action, and once feeling as- 
sured that he was right, neither argu- 
ment nor influence could change him. 

Morally, he was intensely a man of 
honor and sometimes stood alon-e, upon 
his own merit, and the foundation of 
his own sense of right "as God gave 
him to see the right." 

He was loyal to his superiors, fair to 
his equals, and just to his subordinates. 
He despised calumny, and any attempt 
to injure another, by innuendo, misrep- 
resentation or false charge, called forth 
all the ire of his nature, and a wrong 
once perpetrated, all the force of his 
being was called into requisition to cor- 
rect it, if in his power to do so, and if 
not, his indignant protest was mani- 
fested in no mistaken terms. 

These qualities made him a leader, re- 
spected by those whose mission it was 
to follow him. 

As a tactician he was clear-headed, 
original, and commanded by his im- 
pressive presence, even when his tongue 
was silent. Discipline was innate in his 
own make-up, and was transmitted nat- 
urally, with little apparent effort, and 
was correspondngly tenacious and en- 
during, wherever he commanded. 

4U through his life his heart re- 
mained with those with whom he 
served, though separated by a distance 
of hundreds of miles, and a span of 
years covering two-thirds of his life. 
No gathering of his comrades occurred 
within his knowledge, without bringing 
his eloquent and heartfelt good cheer, 
no matter how great the distance, and 
his name and signature always acted 
like a talisman. 

When present he lived his life all 


Minute Men of '61 

•over again. He was fruitful in reminis- 
cence, and freely and frankly opened up 
his heart, especially during his youth, 
and one hears from his own lips the 
true version of the "white horse of Gore 
Hall," while at Harvard, and of "Benny 
Havens O!" at West Point, and discov- 
ers that he took a hand in both. 

He was a companion, most compan- 
ionable, was fond of music and doted 
on the "songs we used to sing." From 
a martinet when on duty, as soon as the 
line was broken, he called his boys 
about him, and beseeched some one to 
"strike up." The commanding Captain 
Devereux and the lovable Arthur 
Devereux were one and the same to 
those who knew him best. 

History will record him rightly as a 
prominent figure in the nation's dark- 
est hour, and many yet live who will 
testify that to him they owe whatever 
military knowledge and experience they 
may possess, and he will be remein- 
bered when many great lights of the 
present day have been extinguished and 

Roster Co. J, ^Right Massachusetts 
Regiment. Minute of '61 

(Salem Light Infantry, or Zouaves.) 

Arthur P. Devereux, Capt Salem 

George F. Austin, 1st Lieut 

Ethan A. P. Brewster, 2nd Lieut 

George U. Putnam, 3d Lieut 

Charles U. Devereux, 1st Sergt 

George W. Batchelder, Sergt 

George C. Gray, Sergt 

Charles S. Emmerton, Sergt 

Alvan A. Evans, Corp 

Charles F. Williams, Jr., Corp 

John P. Reynolds, Jr., Corp 

Archer, George N 

Batchelder, Charles J 

Brooks, .Joseph H 

Brown. Albert W 

Brown, Blbridge K 

Bruce, Daniel, Jr So. Danvers 

Carlton, John W Salem 

Chappie, William F 

Claflin, William H 

Cobb, Leonard D So. Danvers 

Crowinshield, Edward O. . . .Marblehead 

Dalrymple, Simon O Salem 

Dearborn, Charles A., Jr 

Derby, Putnam T 

Devereux, John F 

Dimon, Charles A. R 

Douglass, Albert C 

Driver, William R Beverly 

Field, Joseph W Salem 

Fowler, William T 

Hale, Henry A 

Hall, Edward A 

Hall, Henry S Boston 

Hitchings, Abijah F 

Hill, William A Salem 

Hodges, John, Jr 

Howard, Frank C 

Lake, David G So. Danvers 

Lakeman, John R Salem 

Lewis, Albert H Maiden 

Luscomb, Charles P Salem 

Luscomb, George W 

Mansfield, Charles H 

Moody, Converse 

Nichols, James W 

Osgood, Edward T 

Palmer, William L 

Perkins, Joseph A 

Plummer, Frank So. Danvers 

Pratt, Edwin F Salem 

Reeves, Robert W 

Ross, J. Perrin 

Ross, William H 

Shaw, Cyrus P 

Shackley, Moses So. Danvers 

Smith, Albert P Salem 

Smith, Frederick W 

Smith, Samuel H 

Stevens, Edward P 

Stevens, George O 

Stimpson, Edward S 

Swasey, William R 

Sweetland, Alonzo 

Symonds, George B So. Danvers 

Symonds, Henry 

Thorndike, Albert Beverly 

Upton, William B Salem 

Ward, J. Langdon • . • . 

Wiley, Sullivan J So. Danvers 

Wiley, William F 

Whittredge, Charles E Salem 

Minute Men of '61 253 

Compam^ K, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment, 
Minute Men of '61 

(Allen Guards.) 

Organized in ISfiO. Within twenty- Harrington, William F 

four hours after receiving notice, April, Hemminway, Elbert O 

1861, this company was on its way to 
Washington via Springfield. 

Hemminway, Harrison 

Hill, Simon Adams 

Henry S. Briggs, Capt Pittsfield Hopkins, Chester W Pittsfield 

Henry H. Richardson, Capt Hu^^hes. Daniel 

Robert Bache, 1st Lieut Joyce, Thomas 

Alonzo E. Goodrich, 2nd Lieut Jordan, Dwight 

Daniel J. Dodge, 1st Sergt Lee, John M 

Samuel M. Wardwell, Sergt Lloyd, Frank 

Israel C. Weller, Sergt Marks, Constant R 

Charles R. Strong, Sergt Melany. Anthony 

„ , • 1 o -M r^^ . Mitchell, Wells B Adams 

Frederick Smith, Corp ^^ ^.^^ „ , , 

„ ,. -□ , ^„ Mcintosh, Hobart H Pittsiield 

Cornelius Burley, Corp 

Albert Howe, Corp McKenna, James 

John Wark. Corp McKenna, William .. ... 

^, . ,, HT • • Montgomery, William H Adams 

Edwm Merry, Musician '^ ■" ^.^^ ^ , , 

Montville, Mitchell Pittsfield 

Atwood, Andrew J Nichols, Abraham J 

Barnard, William E Oakley, Gilbert Hillsdale, N. Y. 

Bassett, Almon F Powers. Richard Pittsfield 

Bentley, Perry C Reed, George 

Birge, Richard A Gt. Barrington Read, William D 

Blinn, George Pittsfield Rockwell, William W 

Blood, Clark D Lee Rouse, John T. D 

Bonney, Harvey H Pittsfield Sampson, Orange S Huntington 

Bonney, Nicholas Sedgwick, Irving Pittsfield 

Booth, Dexter F Skinner, Frederick A 

Burbank, George W Taylor, Charles H 

Butler, Lafayette Van Loan, Lyman W 

Clark, Charles B Adams vetter, Jacob 

Clark, William H Pittsfield you^^ Abraham 

Costello, William Whipple, Albert H 

Davis, Charles H Whipple, Samuel P Cheshire 

Dowd, John . . .' Adams whittelsey. Elihu B Pittsfield 

Dodge, Emerson J Pittsfield wheeler, Richard Lee 

Fuller, Andrew J Wood worth, Charles L Richmond 

Garrett, William H. H Wood, Thaddeus Pittsfield 

Goggin, James Wright, Theodore S 

Greelis, Robert Young, Hiram Tyringham 


Minute Men of '61 

Gk:n. Hknjamin F. Peach. I<ynn, Miiss. 

Minute Men of '61 

Eighth Massachusetts Regiment 

Benjamin F. Peach, Jr., was born in 
Marblehead, Mass., October 17, 1839, and 
was edticated in the public schools of that 
town. He responded to the first call for 
troops in April, 1861, and entered the ser- 
vice of the t'nited States as First Sergeant 
of Company C, Paghth M.V.M., the first 
company that reported at the rendezvous 
in Boston, April 16, 1861, in response to 
the President's call for troops. He was 
detailed as Post Adjutant upon the seizure 
of the Annapolis railroad on the memor- 
able march from Annapolis to Washing- 
ton. Was detailed as one of the instrtict- 
ors of the Fourth Wisconsin Regiment, 
and for special dtity in other responsible 

positions. Was promoted First L/ieuten- 
ant of Company C, Eighth Infantry, early 
in 1862, and Adjutant of the Regiment in 
the same year. He served as Post Adju- 
tant of New-Berne, N. 'C, in December, 
1862, and as Assistant Adjtttant General of 
the Second Brigade, F'iftli Division, Pvight- 
eenth Army Corps, Februar\-, 1863. Was 
promoted Colonel of the Kighth Massa- 
chusetts Regiment, Jul\', 1864, then being 
but about twenty-five years old. 

He continued in command of the Regi- 
ment after the close of the war, when he 
was commissioned Brigadier-General, Sec- 
ond Brigade, M.V.M. He was retired 
with the rank of Major General. 

Minute Men ok '61 

\ViLi,iAM Hkxrv Kp:enk, Boston. Mass, 

Minute Men of '61 
Company D. Kisrhth Massacliusetts RcKinient 

William Henry Keene, was born in New 
York City, March 12, 1840. Left New 
York in 1850 for Lynn, Mass.; had com- 
mon school education. Was engaged as 
Clerk until Civil War, when he enli.sted in 
Company D, Eighth M.V.I., in 1861, and 
went into "service with that Regiment for 
first three months' campaign ; promoted to 
Corporal, contiimed in miUtia and went on 
nine months' campaign as Sergeant. Was 
elected Second Lieutenant and went into 

one hundred days' campaign. Resigned 
f.-om militia February 28, 1868; engaged 
in shoe manufacturing business. Resided 
in Lynn, Mass., since 18.50. 

Married in Lynn, :\Iass., February 5, 
1873, to Susan Harriett, }Oungest daughter 
of James M. Monroe of Lynn; had three 
sons, two of whom are living, Faul INIonroe 
Keene, Henry William Keene. 

Eldest son, Joseph Davis Keene, died 
June 17, 1902, age twenty-nine years. 


Minute Men of '61 

Samukl H. Smith, I'eabody, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company J, Kighth :\Iassachusetts Regiment 

^ Samuel H. Smith, Company J, Kighth 
M. V. M., vSalem Zouaves, April 18, 1861. 
Ordnance Sergeant Harper's Ferry, 1862, 
Color'Sergeant, Nineteenth Massachusetts 
Volunteers, 1862, .Signal .Sergeant Third 
Brigade, Division Second Corps United 
States Army. Great grandfather in the 
Revolution and uncle was Colonel, part 
of the battle of Monmouth was fought on 
his farm. Had a grandfather as a Private 
from Salem, Mass., 1812 to 1815. A 
wound in the throat, June 25, 1861, near 

Richmond, Va., caiised a partial loss of 
voice. Joined G-A-R December 23, 1865, 
Post 34, General Philip Sheridan, Salem, 
Mass. Adjutant and Major, steamship, 
"\'oda." Commander U-V-U United 
States 1890. Carried the flag at the de- 
parture of Company H, M.V^M., when 
they left Salem for Spanish War 1898, also 
Tenth Anniversary of Salem Light Infantr}' 
in Salem, 1905, was Post .Sergeant, Post 37, 

Minute Men of '61 

Capt. Ju«iN p. Reynolds 
Minute Men of '61 
EiRhth Mass. Regt., 19th M;iss. Vols, and V, 

John P. Reynolds, son of John Perkins 
and Sarah Rebecca (Roberts) Reynolds, 
was born in Salem, Mass., June 1, 1840, 
and was educated in the schools of his 
native city. 

His paternal great grandfather. Vol en- 
tine Reynolds, came to this country from 
the parish of Gulval, Cornwall, Eng. , and 
settled in Marblehead. During the Revo- 
lutionary- War, he sailed in the I^etter-of- 
Marque ship, " Argo," and was cast awa}- 
in her, when she was wTecked in 1783, just 

before peace was declared, hi:t survived 
the disaster. 

His maternal great grandfather, Elijah 
Sanderson, was a member of Captain John 
Parker's Company of Lexington Minute 
Men, and on the evening of April 18, 1775, 
the evening before the battle, volunteered 
to watch the British officers, who rode into 
Lexington from Boston, and remained 
later than usual, thus exciting suspicion. 
He followed them, mounted, to Lincoln, 
when they turned on him, questioned him, 


Minute Men of '61 

and made him a prisoner, as they did Paul 
Revere while on his midnight ride, both 
being released at daylight, the British 
officers becoming alar:ned at the general 
uprising of the people. 

His paternal and maternal grandfathers 
both served in the war of 1812. 

The subject of this sketch joined the 
Salem Ivight Infantry, Companj' A, 
Seventh Regiment, M.V.M., in 1859, and 
was a memljer of it when it received the 
famous Ellsworth's Zouaves of Chicago, in 
Salem, in 1860. Captain Arthui; Forrester 
Devereux, who commanded the Salem 
Company, was the Godfather of the 
Chicago Company, being Adjutant of 
Simon Bolivar Buckner's Illinois Battal- 
ion. Elmer Ellsworth was Devereux 's 
business partner, and was drilled by the 
latter, the Company being known as the 
Chicago Cadets of Buckner's Battalion. 

He entered the service of the United 
S tates as Corporal of the Salem Zouaves, 
as the Company was then known, April 18, 
1861, which was attached to the Eighth 
Massachusetts Regiment, as the right 
flank company, and designated as Com- 
pany J. He served through the first three 
months' campaign, participating in the 
removal of the United States frigate 
"Constitution" from Annapolis, to the 
Brooklyn Navy Yard, serving afterward 
with the Regiment at Washington, D. C, 
the Relay House and Baltimore, Md. , be- 
ing detailed as drill master at different 
times to the Eighth Massachusetts and the 
Fourth Wisconsin Regiments. He was 
mustered out with his company on Satur- 
day, Avigustl , 1861, the Company receiving 
a marked ovation on its return to Salem. 

On Monday, August 3, 1861, he was one 
of five selected from the Salem Zouaves as 
drill master to the Nineteenth Massachu- 
setts Volunteers, then rendezvousing at 
Ivynnfield, and was mustered into ser- 
vice with that Regiment as Second Ivieu- 
tenant of Company D, August 28, 1861. 
He was promoted to First Lieutenant in 
Company G, November 29, 1861, served as 
Adjutant until March, 1862, and was pro- 
moted to Captain, Febiuary 27, 1863. 

He participated in the battle of Ball's 
Bluff, October 21 , 1861 ; in the peninsular 
campaign, of the Armj' of the Potomac, 

including the siege of Yorktown and the 
battle of West Point, Fair Oaks, May 31 
and June 1. Fair Oaks, June 25, Peach 
Orchard, vSavage Station, White Oak 
Swamp, Charles City Cross Roads, Glen- 
dale (Nelson's Farm), Malvern Hill first, 
and Malvern Hill second. Also in Pope's 
campaign, serving at the battle of Chantilly 
on the staff of the Third Brigade, Second 
Division, vSecond Army Corps. At the 
battle of Antietain he was twice severely 
wounded, first by a bullet in the left ankle 
joint, afterward by a piece of an artillery 
shell in the right elbow joint ; favorably 
mentioned in the report of his Regimental 
Commander, and als6 in the report of Ad- 
jutant General William Schouler of Massa- 
chusetts, for the 3'ear 1862. He rejoined 
his Regiment for duty at Falmouth, Va. , 
but his wounds still being open, he was 
obliged to return per a Surgeon's certifi- 
cate, stopping in New York en route to sub- 
mit to an operation. He again rejoined his 
Regiment at Mine Run, but was obliged to 
resign on account of wounds, which became 
permanent. He went to Washington, ap- 
peared before a Board of Examination, and 
was commissioned by Abraham Ivincoln a 
Captain in the Veteran Reserve Corps, 
originally organized as an appendage to the 
regular establishment. Under the Com- 
mission he served at Washington, D. C, 
Detroit, Corunna and Kalamazoo, Mich. , 
and commanded the Post of New Alban}-, 
Ind. , District of Indiana, Northern Depart- 
ment, for more than a year, during the 
troubles occasioned by the treasonable Or- 
der of the Sons of Liberty, which disturbed 
that section in 1864-5. He was finally 
mustered out of service, June 30, 1866, 
after a service of more than five years. 

From 1868 to 1873, he commanded his 
orginal Company, the Salem Light Infan- 
try, now known as Company H, Eighth 
Regiment M.V.M. 

He was a charter member of Post 34, 
Department of Massachusetts Grand Army 
of the Republic in 1867, and was one of its 
original officers. He served on the staff of 
the Commander-in-Chief G-A-R in 1894, 
and the staff of the Department Com- 
mander of Massachusetts G-A-R In 1906, 
and is a member of the staff Association of 
the Commander-in-Chief. He is a member 

MiNUTR Mkn of '61 


of the Massachusetts Commandery, Mili- 
tary Order of the Ivoyal Legion of the 
United States, and has been Secretar}- of 
the Association of the Salem Zouaves since 
its organization. He is a Past President 
of the Eighth Massachusetts Veteran Asso- 
ciation, a Past President of the Nineteenth 
Massachusetts Regiment Association and 
designed its badge and the Regimental 
monument at Gettysburg. He is a Past 
Major, Commanding Salem I^ight Infantry 
Veteran Association, a Past Vice President 
of the Second Army Corps Club, a member 
of the Society of the Army of the Potomac. 
He is a Past President of the Massachusetts 
Minute Men Association made the design 
of and wrote the legend for the Minute 
Men's Association badge issued by the 
Legislature of 1902, and has served as the 
Toast Master at its banquets every year but 
two since its organization in 1889. He is a 
member of the Essex Club, and was its 
Secretary for eight A-ears from 1900 to 1908 
inclusive, is a member of the Essex Institute 
of Salem, of the Patriaand Fredericksbi:rg 
Clubs, and several other organizations. 

He is the founder of Reynolds Escutcli- * 
eons of Military and Naval Service, for ex- 
pressing at a glance, on the ami}- (or 
nav}') regulation principle, the record of 
an officer, soldier or sailor, which was first 
introduced in 1868. 

Since 1883, he has hatl charge of the 
appropriation accounts of the Military 
Department, and of the propert}' accounts 
of the M.V.M., together with the Govern- 
ment accounts, in the office of the Adjutant 
General of Massachusetts, to the present 
time (1908). 

William B. I,emmon, Marblehcad, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth Mass. Corp. 10th :\Iass. liattcry 

William B. Lemmon was born in 
Marblehead, Mass., October 18, 1841, 
enlisted in Company B, Pvighth Regiment, 
M.V.M., April 15, 1S61, for three months, 
and was discharged August 1, 1861. He 
again enlisted as Corporal in the Tenth 
Massachusetts Battery August 16, 1862, to 
serve three years, and was discharged 
June 9, 1865, at Galloupe's Island, Bos- 
ton, Mass., by reason of expiration of 
term of service. The following com- 
prises the principle battles in Virginia in 
which William B. Lemmon was engaged: 
Auburn, Kelly's P'ord, Mine Run, Wilder- 
ness, River Po, vSpottsylvania, North 
Anna River, Tolopotomy Creek, Cold Har- 
bor, Siege of Petersburg, Deep Bottom, 
Reams Station, Boyaton Plank Road, 
Hatche's Run, first and second Lee's re- 
treat, and Lee's surrender. 

He is a Mason and a member of Philan- 
thropic Lodge, joining in 1864. He is. 
also a comrade of John Goodwin, Jr., Post 
82, G-A-R. 


Minute Men of '61 

Benjamin M. Alley. L,ynn, Mass. (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 

2d Sth and 30th Mass. Vols. 

Benjamin Alley was born in I^ynn, Mass. , 
Jnne 9, 182S. Enlisted in Company G, 
Second Massachusetts Regiment, May 25, 
1861. Served full term and mustered out 
May 28, 1864, Enlisted in Company D, 
Eighth Massachusetts Regiment for one 
hundred days. Discharged by re-enlisting 
in Thirtieth Massachusetts Regiment, 
September 30, 1864; served until close cf 
the war. Was in the Grand Review at 
Washington, D. C, May, 1865. Full 
time of service, four years. Died July 7, 
1886. Always from the first membership. 
General Lander Post 5,''G-A-R. 

pR.'iNK M. Alley, I^^•ll^, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth and 23d Regts. Mass. Vols. 

Frank M. Alley was born in Lynn, 
Mass., January 10, 1837. On April 16, 
1861, went into Boston to go with the 
Eighth Regiment of Massachusetts, but 
failing in that enlisted in Company C, 
Twenty-Third M.V.M., October 19, 1861, 
and served in Regiment Hospital and 
General Hospital departments at New- 
Berne, N. C; full service, nearly four 
years. Mustered out July 18, 1865. Since 
return home has been a very popular 
undertaker in L3'nn, and is at present en- 
gaged in same business. A member of 
General Dander Post 5, G-A-R. The four 
Alley comrades are brothers, the only sons 
of John Alley, 4th, and Susan D. Alley. 

Minute Mkn of '61 


jAMi^s D. Alle\, L\nn. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth jMass. Hospital Steward Sth Mass. 9 mos. 

James D. Alley was born in Lynn, Mass. , 
July 13, 1831; enli.sted April 15, 1861, in 
Company D, Eighth Regiment, Lynn, 
Mass.; detailed as hospital steward at 
\Va.shington, D. C, April 30. Served and 
mustered out on Boston Common, August 
1, 1861, with the Regiment. Continued a 
member of Compau}- D, and went into 
camp at Boxford, Mass., September 1, 
1862. Served as First Corporal at New- 
Bern, N. C, detailed, and served as ward- 
master in Regiment hospital during 
remainder of service. Mustered out with 
Company at Lynn, August 7, 1863. Two 
terms of service, one year and three 
months. In October, 1864, left Lynn for 
New York, from there took passage to 
New Orleans, by steamer to Brazor, 
D'Santiago, Texas. There joined Major 
W. M. D. Chamberlain, commissary of 
that post as his clerk, and left in Juh-, 
1865. For over twenty-nine years has 
been sexton and collector of the First Uni- 
versalist church, Nahant street. F'or 
many years a member of General Lander 
Post 5, G-A-R. 

Richard Alley, I.ynn. :\rass. 

Minute Men of 'ol 

Co. F. 8th Mass. Co. M. 1st Regrt. ISIass. H. A. 

Richard Alley was 1;orn in Lynn, Mass., 
December 10, 1838. Served in Company 
F, Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, from 
April 15, 1861, until mustered out on Bos- 
ton Common August 1, 1861. 

Again enlisted in Company I\I, F~irst 
Heavy Artillery, Massachusetts Regiment, 
February 28, 1862. Mustered out July 5, 
1865. Served nearh- four years. For 
several years has been a member of 
General Lander Post 5, G-A-R. 


Minute Men of '61 

RUPKRTJ. Chute, April 15, 1861 

Minute Men of '61 

7th and Sth Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Comrade Chiite, one of the youngest of 
Massachusetts veterans, went to the front 
as '^Captain's bo}- " with Captain Knott 
Martin, a Minute Man of Marblehead; 
afterwards enlisted as drummer in Com- 
pany B, Seventh Regiment, M.V.M., and 
served to the end of his term. He is a 
member of Post 60 G-A-R of Franklin; of 
the Boston Veteran Fusiliers, and is one 
of^the editorial staff of the ' ' Boston Tran- 

Rupert J. Chute (1907) 
Minute Men of '61 
J. V. C. Post 60, Dept. Mass. G. A. 

Benj.-\min W. R. Chase, Marblehead, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, Sth Mass. Regt. United States Navy 

Minute Men of '61 



Minute Men of '61 
Sth Mass. Britr. Gen. U. S. Vols. 

I/ieutenant-Colonel, First United States 
Volunteers, (enlisted prisoners of war at 
Point Tyookout, Md.), April 1, 1S64; organ- 
ized regiment; Colonel, Angnst 5, 1864. 

Service in First United States Volunteers, 
provost duty at Norfolk, Va., February, 
1864; expedition to Carrituck Sound, 
N. C, June, 1864; ordered with Regiment 
from \'irginia to subdue Indian outbreak 
in Minnesota and Dakota Territory, vSep- 
temljer, 1864; service in Indian expeditions 
ill Dakota Territory until November, 1865; 
mustered out with Regiment at Fort 
Leavenworth, Kan., November 28, 1865. 

Military Chief of Police in Mobile, Ala., 
ill 1866 and 1867. 

Received commission as Brevet Brigadier 
General United States Volunteers ' ' for 
gallant and meritorious service during the 
war," March 13, 1865. 

Commander of Post 42, G-.\-R, Lowell, 
three terms. 

For last twenty-eight years agent of the 
L'nited States Cartridge Company, Lowell. 
Died May, 1902. 

Charles A. R. Dimon was born in Fair- 
field, Conn., April 26, 1841. Private Com- 
pany J, highth Massachusetts, April 16, 
1861; mustered out August 1, 1861; at 
Camp Chase, Lowell, October, 1861; organ- 
ized Thirtieth Massachusetts Volunteers; 
appointed Adjutant, and mustered in Feb- 
ruary 20, 1862. 

Service in Thirtieth Massachusetts, Ship 
Island, Miss., February, 1862; at siege and 
bombardment Forts Jackson and St. 
Philip, April, 1862; capture of New 
Orleans, April, 1862; first siege and bom- 
bardment at Vicksburg, Miss., June and 
July, 1862; battle of Baton Rouge, Augusi 
5, 1862; promoted to Major, Second Louisi- 
ana White Volunteers, Octoberv20, 1862. 

Service in Second Loui.siana Volunteers, 
battle of Plains Store, La., May, 1863; first 
reconnoissance toward Port Hudson, Ma\- 
10, 1863; siege of Port Hudson, May 15 to 
June 30, 1863; first assault on Port Hud- 
son, May 27, 1863, and volunteered for 
storming party; second assault on Port 
Hudson, June 22, 1863, in command of 
Regiment. Discharged for disability June 
30, 1863. 

John T. Coe, Oakland, Cal. age 15 in 1861 

Minute Jlen of '61 

Co. D, Sth Mass. Admiral Porter Post 333, Oakland 


Minute Men of '61 







Col. Edward W. Hixcks 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth Mass. Regt. Brigr. Gen. U. S. Vol. 

5ldward W. Hincks was born at Bucks- 
port, Me., May 30, 1830. Engaged in 
newspaper publishing. Was at office of 
Governor Andrew wlien the call came for 
sevent_y-five thousand men and volunteered 
on horseback to carrv the order to compan- 
ies in Middlesex and Essex Counties. vSec- 
ond L/ieutenant in Second United States 
Cavalry, April 26, 1861; Ivieutenant Colonel 
of Ei,ghth Infantry, M.V.M.; engaged in 
securing the frigate, ' ' Constitution, " from 
Annapolis; Colonel, May 16, 1861; Colonel, 
Nineteenth Massachusetts Infantry, Au- 
gust 3, 1861, and engaged at the action of 
Ball's Bluff, Yorktowii^ West Point, battles 
of Fair Oaks, Oak Grove, Peach Orchard, 
Savage's Station, White Oak Swamp and 
Glendale ( severely wounded) . Rejoined 
command August, 1S62, and engaged at 
the battles of Chantilly, South Mountain 
and Antietam, (twice severely wounded). 
Brigadier-General United States Volun- 
teers, November 29, 1862; member of a 
general Court Martial. Commanding 
draft rendezvous and assistant to Provost 
Marshal General, and Superintendent Vol- 
unteer Recruiting, commanding district of 
St. Mary's, Md., and depot of prisoners, 
Point Lookout, Md., to April, 1864. Com- 
manding Third Division, Nineteenth 
Corps, Arni}^ of the James, to Juh', 1864; 
engaged at the action of Ba^dor's Farm 
and Peter.sburg, June, 1861-; president of a 
general Court Martial, July to September, 

1864; commanding draft rendezvous, 
Hart's Lsland, New York Harbor, January, 
1865. Brevet Major General United 
States Volunteers, March 13, 1865; Ivieu- 
tenant-Colonel, P'ortieth United States 
Infantry, July 28, 1866; Brevet Colonel and 
Brigadier-General, United States Annv, 
March 2, 1867; retired December 15, 1870, 
on account of wounds in line of duty. 
Died at Cambridge Februarv 14, 1894. 

Sxr.-vRT F. mcClearn 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, Sth Mass. Capt. 4th Regt. Mass. H. A. 

Captain vStuart F. McClearn, Company 
B, Eighth Regiment M.V.M., three 
months' term, and nine months' term; 
Company A and Compau}- F, Fourth Regi- 
ment, Massachitsetts Heavy Artillery; was 
mustered out June 17, 1865. For last twelve 
jears has been President of the Minute 
Men's Association. Collector of Customs 
for the Port of Marblehead. 



A. Frank Hitcmings, Salem, Mass. 

;\Iinute Men of '61 

Sth Mass. Seret. 19th Regt. Jlass. Vols. 

Piorn in Salem, Mass., October 28, 1841, 
enlisted in the .Salem Light Infantr_v 
(Salem Zouaves) on April 17, 1861, the 
evening before the departure for the seat 
of war, and served in the three months' 
campaign, and mustered out 1, 

Re-enlisted as Corporal of Company H, 
Nineteenth Massachusetts Volunteers, 
October, 1861, promoted to Sergeant in 
August, 1862, and was severely wounded at 
the battle of Fredericksburg on the after- 
noon of the third day, and was discharged 
for disability July 25, 1863. 

He was one of those detailed to remove 
the United States Frigate ' ' Constitution ' ' 
from Annapolis to the Brooklyn Navy 
Yard, participated in the battles of York- 
town, West Point, Fair Oaks 2d, Peach 
Orchard, Savage Station, White Oak 
Swamp, Glendale, Malvern Hill, Malvern 
Hill 2d, Chantilly, Antietam. The Cross- 
ing of the Rappahannock liefore Fred- 
ericksburg, December 11, and the Ijattle of 
Fredericksburg December 13, 1862. 

He is a member of the G-A-1 Post 3-I-, of 
Salem, having joined in 1867. For the 
past thirty years has been employed as an 
officer of customs, the last twenty-two of 
w'hich has been as special deputy collector. 

Lorenzo Freeman L,innei.l, Kosliiulale. Mass. 
Minute Men of '61 
l,t. Co. C, Sth Mass. 

Born in Portland, ]\Ie. , January 13, 1823. 
He learned the carpenter trade and in 
1847 went to Marblehead, Mass., to live. 
At the time of the first call for three 
months' troops b\- President Lincoln, he 
was Third Lieutenant of Company C, 
Pyighth Regiment, at Marblehead. Re- 
sponding to the call he accompanied the 
command to Washington where he was 
mustered in as First ].,ieutenant of Com- 
pany C. 

At the second call for nine montlis' men 
he again went to the front as First Lieu- 
tenant having formed with Captain Graves 
a new Company, taking the place of the 
old Company C, ami given the same letter 
in the p;ighth Regiment. 

The command was sent to New-Berne, 
N. C, the Regiment being cut up for 
guard duty. Lieutenant Linnell was 
stationed near P'ort Totten. one of the 
Regimental Companies being in the I-'ort. 
He went on an expedition and formeil 
junction with Colonel Jones. They drove 
the rebels Imck and returned to camp. 
Later the Lieutenant was taken sick and 
sent to CTcneral Hospital unable for duty 
for about two months. Was mustered out 
of service August 7, 1863. 


Minute Men of '61 

Capt. Knott v. Martin 

Jliimte Men of '61 

Sth Mass. 23d Mass. 53<1 Mass. 5'th Mass 

Captain Knott V. Martin Avas Ijorn in 
Marblehead, Mass., Jnly 11. 1820, and 
died there August 26, 1898. He was Cap- 
tain of Company C, Kighth Regiment, 
M.V.INI., during the three months' cam- 
paign. He was made Captain of Compau}- 
B, Twent}-Third Regiment, Massachusetts 
Vohinteers, Noveml^er 11, 1861, and served 
with di.stinction until his resignation May 
20, 1863. He re-enlisted Februar}- 24, 
1864, in the Fifty-Eighth Massachusetts 
Volunteers, was transferred to the Fifty- 
Ninth Massachusetts Volunteers, and 
while First Sergeant of Company K was 
wounded June 3, 1864, and was promoted 
Second Lieutenant October 7, 1864. 

Since the war he has been elected three 
times to the Legislature, has served as 
Postmaster of Marblehead for sixteen 
years, and has been honored with other 
evidences of the respect of his fellow citi- 
zens. He was loj-al to the veterans under 
all circumstances and the}' revere his 

Andri-W Imwtii.. I .iimcc^lcr. .\Ia>s. 

Minute Men of '61 
Sth Mass. Col. 23d Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Colonel Andrew Flwell, was a descend- 
ent, eighth generation, of Robert El well, 
who came to Gloucester from Salem about 
1642. He was the son of Samuel Elwell, 
who, when a young man, lost his right 
hand b}- the bursting of a gun, in firing a 
salute on board a privateer, and who died 
at Gloucester September 28, 1868, at the 
age of seventy-eight years. 

At the breaking ovit of the rebellion he 
held the position of Major in the Pvighth 
M.V.M., and served three months in 1861, 
being promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel. 

Soon after the return of the Eighth 
Regiment he was commissioned Major of 
the Twenty-Third Regiment, then in 
camp at Lvnnfield and about to leave the 
state for three years' service. Mustered 
in September 28, 1861, and left the state 
November 11, being attached to the Burn- 
side expedition to North Carolina, and 
took part in the closing scenes of the 
Rebellion in Virginia in 1864. Was en- 
gaged in the battles of Roanoke Island, 
New-Bern, and Rawles Mills in 1862; 
Kingston, Whitehall, Goldsl)oro, Wilcox' 
Bridge, and Winton in 1863; Smith field, 
Heckman's Farm, Arrowfield Church, 
Drury's BlufT, Cold Harbor and the battles 
before Richmond in 1864. 

Commissioned as Major, October 24, 1861; 
piiomoted Lieutenant-Colonel and Colonel, 
Discharged on expiration of service, Sep- 
tember 28, 1864. Died May 16, 1903. 

Minute Men of '61 


George A. Foxcrokt 

jMinute Men of '61 

Co. D. Sth Mass. Co. F. 24th Mass. Regt. 

Born in Dedhani, October 12, 1841. The 
proudest moment in the life of Comrade 
Foxcroft came to him on April 17, 1861, 
Avhen under thereof of old Faneuil Hall he 
took off his citizen's clothes and put on in 
exchange the tall bear-skin hat, the red 
coat with white cross-belts, the black pants 
with a white side stripe, all belonging to a 
member of the Lynn L,ight Infantry, who, 
at the last moment was obliged by his 
father to withdraw, and went home wear- 
ing Foxcroft's clothes. He was one of the 
youngest volunteers for.the three months' 
campaign in the Eighth Regiment. 

Comrade Foxcrofts remained with this 
Lynn Company, under the command of 
Captain George T. Newhall, forming part 
of the Eighth Massachusetts Regiment, 
during the three months' campaign and 
soon after being mustered oiit, he re-en- 
listed for three \ears in the Twenty-Fourth 
Massachusetts Regiment in the Company 
commanded by Captain Robert F. Clark. 

Foxcfort descended in a direct line from 
Colonel Francis Foxcroft, who fought in 
King Phillip's War, and who was a mem- 
ber of the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 

Commandery as long ago as 1679. Has the 
honor of belonging to E. W. Kinsley Post 
113 G-A-R ; the Massachusetts Minute 
Men of '61 ; the Massachusetts Roanoke 
Association ; the Massachusetts Society 
Sons of the Revolution ; the A. and H. A. 
Couipau}-. He is also a life member of all 
the Masonic bodies up to and including the 
Thirtv- Second degree. 

His death occurred May 25, 1907, of 
heart failure. On the evening of his death 
he enjoyed his after dinner cigar, and then 
sat down to a game of cards with members 
of his famih-, and shortly after, calmly 
passed away. 

(;i;ORC,K T. Newh.\ll 

Minute Men of "61 
Capt. 8th Rejrt. 

Captain George T. Newhall was liorn in 
Lynn, Mass., December 22, 1831. He was 
descended in direct line from Thomas 
Newhall. the first white child born in 
L^nn. He entered the United States ser- 
vice April 15, 1861, as Captain of Company 
D, Eighth Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia, and served through the three 
months' campaign. In September, 1862, 
he again entered the service as Captain in 
same Regiment for nine months, and was 
nearly twenty years editor and publisher 
of the Lynn Transcript.'" Mustered out 
August l\ 1S63. Died July, 1896. 


Minute Men of '61 

i He went to California in 1868, where lie 
I lived the remainder of his life, he died in 
1 April, 1905, in Sacramento, California. 

Albkrt C. DoiuiLAS. Salem. Mass, 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. J. 8th INIa.s.s. -Sergt. Co. H, 19th Vols. 

Born in Salem, 1842, a member of the 
Salem Light Infantry, afterward.s known 
as the Salem Zonaves Company J, Eighth 
Masaschusetts Regiment. Upon President 
L/incoln's first call for .seventy-five thou- 
sand men April, 1861, the company offered 
their services and were accepted. 

Private Douglas, although physically 
delicate was determined to go with his 
company, and his per.sonal courage enabled 
him to be ever ready for every duty. 
Was in service with the Massachusetts 
Minute Men of '61. 

He re-enlisted in Company H, Kine- 
teenth Massachusetts, for three years of 
the war, was in all the l)attles with that 
Regiment, on the Peninsular and later 
went as Sergeant of Company H, when the 
Nineteenth re-enlisted , after two years of 
service they came home on thirty days' 
furlough, came to Salem ; Sergeant Doug- 
las came with them as Sergeant-Major of 
the Regiment. Was afterwards sent to 
W^ashington by special order where he was 
on duty several months after which he re- 
joined his Regiment and remained with it 
until they were all discharged July, 1865. 

WiLLi.Aiw .STr.\RT .Stirlinc;, Boston, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

8th Mass. Corp. 23d Mass. .Serg't. 62d Mass. Vols. 

William Stuart Stirling was born in 
CI ark son Toll, Scotland, July 18, 1841. 
Knlisted April 16, 1861, in Company A, 
Eighth Regiment, M.V.M., during the 
three months' campaign; discharged Au- 
gust 1, 1861; enlisted September 4, 1861, 
Compau}- A, Twenty-Third Regiment, 
Massachusetts Volunteers; promoted Cor- 
poral December 7. 1862; wounded at 
Whitehall, N. C, Decemljer 16, 1862, and 
Cold Harbor, Va., June 3, 1864; discharged 
October 13, 1864; enlisted as Second Ser- 
reaiit, acting as First Sergeant March 29, 
1865; Company D, Sixty-.Second Regi- 
ment, Massachusetts Volunteers; dis- 
charged May 5, 1865; belonged to the 
Army and Nav}' Union while in existance; 
mustered in June 17, 1870, Post 49, G-A-I^, 
Newbur3'port, Mass. 

MiN'i Ti.: Men ok '61 


William H. Williams 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. C, Sth Mass. and 1st Mass Battery 

The following is taken from the war 
history of Post 60, Franklin, Mass. Com- 
rade William H. Williams was born Janu- 
ar}- 2, 1840, on ship in the English Channel 
high seas He volunteered April 15, 1861, 
in Company- G, Eighth Massachusetts 
Volunteers, ■Minute Men of '61. Mu.s- 
tered out August 31 , 1861. and immediately 
re-enlisted in the First Massachusetts 
Battery. Was promoted to Corporal, 
October 30, 1861, and to Sergeant Febru- 
arj', 1863, in campaign under General 
Burnside ; and finally mustered out August 
29, 1865, at Charle.stown , \'a., after close 
of the Southern Rebellion. During the 
war he participated in the following battles : 
Siege of Yorktown, Battle of Williamsburg, 
May 5, 1862 ; followed by ^^'hitchouse 
Landing and Hanover Court House. The 
seven day's battle before Richmond, at 
Mechanics\'ille, June 29, and Malvern Hill, 
July 20, 1862. Afterwards at the Battle of 
Bristow Station , Second Bull Run, Cromp- 
ton Pass, South Mountain, Antietam, 
A^"illiamstown, Fredericksburg, Kelley's 
Ford, Chancellorsville, May 1, 2, and 3, 

1863; Gettysburg, July 1, 2 and 3; Rap- 
pahannock Station, :Mine Run, Saunders 
I'arm, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Bethesda 
Church, Falmouth, Laurel Hill, Hatcher's 
Run, Cold Harbor, Weldon Railroad and 
Siege of Petersburg. During all this ser- 
vice Comrade Williams escaped serious 
injury except at .second battle of Fred- 
ericksburg, where he was wounded in left 
shoulder. He was a strict disciplinarian, 
and prominent in Post 60, G-A-R having 
filled nearly every ofTice in the Post. He 
died April 26, 1896, at Franklin. 



(Dedicated to the Grand Army Ciub of Massa- 

Tune, ••Maryland, My Maryland" 

From out the past we hear thy voice, 
Mem'ry Land, O Mem'ry. Land! 

It says again, '"Make now your choice," 
Mem'ry Land, O Mem'ry Land! 

The call we heard; our country sought 

The loyal heart, and that we brought; 

Still lives to us the victory wrought, — 
Mem'ry Land, O Me.T.'ry Land! 

The years are passing swiftly by, 
Mem'ry Land, O Mem'ry Land! 

But never can those young days die, 
Mem'ry Land, O Mem'ry Land: 

Around the colors stili we s and. 

With pledges strong for np.ti\ e land; 

Again we meet the hostile band, 
Mem'ry Land, O Mem'ry Land! 

How (Jear to us is all you give. 

Mem'ry Land, O Mem'ry Land! 
The con-.rade ties shall e\er live, 

Mem'ry Land. O Mem'ry Land! 
By all the heroes now revered, 
B.v fi-iendship .loys so long endeared, — 
To thee we turn when aug'.it is feared, 

Mem'ry Land, O Men-'ry Land! 


Minute Men of '61 

Francis Boardman, Marblehead. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Capt. Co. H, 8th Regt. Mass. Vols, (deceased) 

Thomas Ellsworth, Marblehead, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, Nth U. ^. Ship "Ino" & lOth Mass. Bat. 

Si;ki,i\ ]!i.NjAMi.\ I<. Mneiii i.L (deceased * 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth Mass. Et. Sth for 9 nios. Et. 4th INIass. H. A. 

V.'iiM.TA.M C. Kxowlaxd, '.Marb-c'iead. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth .Mass. Navy, also Sth JEV.M. 9 uios. and 27th 

Minute Men of '61 


Elias Blaney, Marl)lehead, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth Mass. V. S. Navy, Corp. Sth Mass. 9 mos. : 27th 

S.^MUEL I<. Clark. Gloucester, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. G. Sth Co. D, 32d Ma.'^s. Vols. 

JoHX W. R.AYMONi). Heverly, Mass. (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth Mass. Regt. Col. 23d Regl Mass. Vols. 

lilCNj AMIN H. IMiii.i.irs. .Marl)lclKaiI. ^lass, 

Minute Men of 'bl 
Co. U. .•^th Mass. 10th Mass. Battery and Navv 


Minute Men of '61 

John R. Lakeman, Salem, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
8th Mass. I^t. 23cl Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Sergt. Henry H. Goodridge, I^ynn, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. D, Sth Mass. Regt. 

Frank I^. Hale 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. A, Sth Mass. Co. I, .-Oth Mass. 

J.AMES W. Nichols, Salem, Mass. 

Minute Men of 61 

Sth Mass. Ser. Co. B, 4nth Mass.Lt. Co. A, 4th M.H..\. 

Minute Mkx of '61 


Bknjamix a. PiiiLLii'S. INIarbleliead, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Corp. Co. H. 8th Mass. 2d H. A. & T. S. X. 

George O. Sticvkxs. Salem. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth Mass. Sergl. 50th Lt. Uth unattached 

JoSETH W. Field. Canibridjre. 

Minute Men of '61 

^th Mass. 50th and 5th INIass. and 53d X. Y, 

GE;oRf;E D. ("..VKDNicK. Gloucester. Mass 

Minute Men of '61 

Sth Co. C. 23d Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Third Battalion of Rifles 
Minute Men of '61 

(Three Months' Volunteers.) 

The following facts, in regard to the 
movements of this battalion, have been 
kindly furnished by N. S. Liscomb, 
Sergeant-Major : 

Orders were issued to the companies 
of this battalion to report to Major 
Devens on the afternoon of April 20, 
1861, at Worcester. At five o'clock p.m. 
battalion line was formed in front of 
the City Hall and from thence, under 
escort of the Highland Cadets and the 
"Old Guard," they marched to tlie Me- 
chanics' Hall, where they were leceived 
by Mayor Davis, who made an address 
appropriate to the occasion; after which 
prayer was offered by the Rev. Dr. Hill. 
Major Devens addressed the battalion, 
and the exercises were concluded with 
the singing of the "Red, White and 
Blue," and the "Marseilles Hymn." The 
battalion then returned to company 
quarters. At 9.30 p.m., battalion line 
was formed, and, escorted by the Old 
Guard and citizens, marched to the 
Western Railroad Station, and left 
Worcester about 10.30 p.m., reaching 
New York at eight o'clock Sunday morn- 
ing of the twenty-first. 

19th. — Our three months are up, and 
all hands are talking of going homo. 
We can find out nothing about going. 
Major Morris says we must stay till the 
19th of August, because we did not take 
the oath till May 19. Perhaps he 
knows. He likes the battalion and will 
keep them as long as he can; but I 
think he has taken a poor way to do it. 
Some of us think we have seen enough 
of Port McHenry. If we could go South 
we would be much better pleased. 

24th. — Our battalion has suffered 
much from sickness — a kind of slow 
fever — twenty leaving this morning for 

home in charge of Lieutenant O'Dris- 
coll, who is unwell also. 

2.5th. — General Dix took command. 
And order was issued to call the battal- 
ion together, and we were soon formed 
in front of the Major's quarters. Gen- 
eral Dix came forward, and spoke as 
follows: "Gentlemen, your time of ser- 
vice expired on the 19th, and you are 
entitled to go home. If you say you 
wish to go, I will order your transporta- 
tion tomorrow; but I had rather you 
would not ask it tomorrow, or for the 
next five days. I will order it within 
ten days. You have done your duty, 
and more." That is the way men like 
to be talked to, and every man must 
have made up his mind that General 
Dix was a man, a soldier and a gentle- 
man. We were then dismissed to quar- 
ters, as each man was to decide for him- 
self whether he would go or stay. Now 
we know we were needed, we will see 
how each Company voted. Company A 
(City Guards), every man voted to re- 
main till we should be ordered home; 
Company C (Emmett Guards) voted the 
same; Companies B and D were not 
unanimous, and the next morning eleven 
from Company B and one from Company 
D left for home. We did not cheer 
them much, and thought if that was a 
specimen of their patriotism, it had 
grown small, or that they did not start 
with much. 

29th. — An order was issued for the 
battalion to be ready to leave at six 
a.m. tomorrow for home. I will not try 
to tell hov.' we v.iio were off guard 
passed the last night at Fort MoHenry; 
but morning came at last, and with all 
our luggage we took the steamer for 
Baltimore. We were in time for the 
seven o'clock train for Philadelphia; 


Minute Men of '61 

but, owing to an accident on the road, 
we must remain till seven p.m. at the 
depot. It was warm, it was hot, and 
such a day as I liope never to see again. 
At last we were off for Philadelphia, 
where we arrived at six a.m., 30th. 

30th. — After much delay in procuring 
cars, we started on cur way again. If 
possible it is warmer than yesterday — 
and the dust! How we long to get on 
to a New England railroad! Today we 
were from nine a.m. till five p.m. in 
going eighty miles, but we are traveling 
on a special train. Would it not be fine 
to try one of the regular trains on the 
Camden and Amboy? At last we took 
the steamer for New York, where we 
arrived, after a pleasant sail of thirty 
miles, at ten p.m. 

August 1st. — About six a.m. we 
formed the battalion line, and marched 
to tlie Park Barracks, and about four 
p.m. we took the steamer City of Bos- 
ton for home via New London and Nor- 
wich. You can hardly imagine our feel- 
ings as we came on board. Everything 
looked better, and was better than wo 
have seen for a long time. What a 
change it had made with us! — some 
were singing, some joking, and a; I 
seemed to be happy. After a delay of 
several hours in New London, so as not 
to arrive in Worcester before our 
friends were ready for us, we took the 
cars for the "Heart of the Common- 

2nd. — Arrived in Worcester at hak' 
past nine o'clock p.m. and found the 
whole city with open arms ready to 
v/elcome us. Our friends were so eager 
to see us that it was some time before 
the battalion line could be formed. At 
last we were on the move; and, amid 
the cheers of the people and the show- 
ers of bouquets, we marched into the 
City Hall, where we were welcomed 
home again by Mayor Davis, Avho in- 
vited us to fall in and do justice to 
what had been prepared for us. There 
was food enough for a regiment, and we 
were only four companies; but if we 
-had only met the rebels and scattered 

them as we did the eatables in the City 
Hall, all would have delighted to do us 
honor. After a while we were again 
formed into line, and, escorted by the 
Home Guards of Rifles and Infantry, 
marched through Main street, returning 
by the way of Court Hill. The streets 
were splendidly trimmed. The Sixtli 
Regiment having passed through the 
day before, the display remained, and 
others were added. It seemed as though 
every one was trying to see what they 
could do to add to our happiness. We 
marched to the Common again. Mayor 
Davis made a short speech, welcoming 
us home again, which was responded to 
by Captain Sprague, acting major, who 
also read a letter from Major Devens, 
who was not able to be witJi us, being 
away on business connected with the 
Fifteenth Regiment, of which he was 
now the colonel. We again marched 
into the City Hall, after escorting Com- 
pany D, Captain Dodd, of Boston, to the 
Foster Street Depot, where we bade 
them good-by. We were then dismissed 
till the morning, when, August 3, we 
formed in Brinley Hall, and were mus- 
tered out of service by Captain John M. 
Goodhue of the Eleventh United States 
Infantry, formerly adjutant of"the Third 
Battalion Rifles. 

Much credit is due our officers for the 
good order which was maintained by 
the Battalion during our whole term of 
service. • 

December. — In looking back, I find 
that of the three hundred and nineteen 
men which composed the Battalion, 
more than one hundred have been sick 
Of that number two have died — Amos 
H. Gilbert and Eaton of Boston. 

Company A, City Guards, have re- 
enlisted for the war in the following or- 
der: Fourteen as commissioned officers, 
nineteen as non-commissioned, two as 
musicians and five privates. Some of 
the others are all ready, and all can be 
counted in if needed. 

During the three and a half months of 
their service, the Battalion was under 
five generals, namely: Butler, Patter- 
son, Cadwaller, Banks, and Dix. 

Minute Men ok 'fSl 


Compan}^ A, Third Battalion of Rifles, 
Minute Men of '61 


Major, Charles Devens, Jr., Worcester. 

Adjutant, John M. Goodhce, Worcester. 

Adjutant, Arthur A. Goodell, Worcester. 

Ouartcnnastcr, James E. Estabrook, Worcester. 

Surgeon, Oramee Martin, Worcester. 

Serorant Major, Xathaniee S. IvISCOMb, \\'orcester. 

Ouartennaster Seigeant, George T. Whiti<:, Worcester. 

Roster Company A, Third Battalion, 
Minute Men of '61 

(City Guards.) 

Organized in 1840. The company re- 
ceived orders to hold themselves in 
readiness, April 15, 1861, and on the 
20th left, with a full complement of 
members, for Washington. 

*Aug. B. R. Sprague, Capt.. . .Worcester 

*Josiah Pickett, 1st Lieut 

*George C. .Joslin, 2nd Lieut 

*Orson Moulton, 3d Lieut 

*Elijah A. Harkness, 4th Lieut 

Edward W. Adams, 1st Sergt 

Walter S. Bugbee, Sergt 

*George A. Johnson, Sergt 

Charles A. Ward, Sergt 

*.James M. Hervey, Corp 

Calvin N. Harrington, Corp 

*George Burr, Corp 

*Henry Matthews, Corp 

William H. Heywood, Musician 

* James Stewart, Musician 

Aldrich, William H 

Alden, Frank 

*Bessey, Merritt B 

*Bigelow, George P 

Bigelow, Luther H 

BottomleJ^ Bramley A Leicester 

Bacon, Francis AVorcester 

Bond, Charles H 

Bradish, Harry T Upton 

*Burdick, Theodore Worcester 

*Bart]ett, Charles S 

Cummings, James M 

Caswell, Lowell 

Cheney, John M 

*Coes, Frank L. R 

Cutting, Elmer 

*Curtis, George I\I 

Champney, Lewis C 

*Campbell, George S.. 

Cunningham, Herman E 

Cutler, Charles B 

Daniels, Henry W 

*Davis, Charles 

Dodge, Edwin L 

Dunn, Silas R Upton 

*Fuller, Jerome H Worcester 

Fairbanks, Charles F 

Green, Joel W 

Gleason, Thomas 

Gibbs, John S Boston 

Gates, Jaalam Worcester 

Gilbert, Amos H 

*Henry, Charles 

Heywood, William 

*Howe, Edward E 

Hatch, George W 

Kendall, Charles B 

*Kendall, Herbert J 

Livermore. Albert A Millbury 

Liscomb, Nathaniel S Worcester 

Mellen, Henry 

*McLane, James J 

Moen, Henry A. R 

278 Minute Men of '61 

*Morse, Edwin A *Sprague, Welcome W 

*Monroe, Charles H Starr, William E 

Mclver, David H *Tliompscn, John A 

Newton, William L N. Bridgewater AVarren, George E 

Parker, Amos M Worcester *Watkins, Elbridge G 

Plummer, Francis J Wheeler, John, 2nd Hardwick 

Poole, Horace W * Wesson, Calvin A Grafton 

Pomroy, John W White, William B Leicester 

Pelton, Charles H Walker, Melville E Worcester 

*Steele, William R *Wagely, Louis 

Shaw, Chester B Wood, Willia.m H 

*Stoddard, Charles K Upton Wakefield, George Millbury 

*Slocum, James S Worcester 

*Sl0CUm, Samuel A *Re-enlisted 

Minute Men of '61 


Compan}^ B, Third Battalion of Rifles 
Minute Men of '61 

(Holden Rifles.) 

Organized in 1856. Received orders 
at eleven a.m. and were on their way 
at four p.m., April 18, 1861, to join the 
battalion at Worcester, leaving on the 

Joseph H. Gleason, Capt Holden 

Phineas R. Newell, 1st Lieut 

Edward F. Devens, 2nd Lt. .Charlestowa 

Samuel F. Woods, 3d Lieut Barre 

George Bascom, 4th Lieut Holden 

*Isaac T. Hooton, 1st Sergt AVebster 

Hiram P. Newell, Sergt Holden 

*Henry M. Ide, Sergt Worcester 

* James W. Stanley, Sergt 

*Ira J. Kelton, Sergt Holden 

Emery Rogers, Corp 

Artemas D. Bascom, Corp. .. .Worcester 

*Sanford E. Stratton, Corp 

Chauncey B. Irish, Corp Millbury 

Ammidown, Henry G Southbridge 

*Alexander, Leonard F Broolifield 

Ball, Warren J Holden 

Burt, Aaron B Sutton 

Brown, Justin W. Boylston 

Bowman, Henry H Leicester 

Baker, William E Worcester 

Burnett, George Holden 

*Clark, Samuel 

Corey, George 

Cheney, Cyrus, Jr 

*Champney, Preston A Grafton 

*Childs, George E Upton 

♦Clemens, E. D Webster 

Collier, John A Worcester 

Coburn, Nathan S 

Davis, Francis E Holden 

Earle, William H Worcester 

Earle, Enoch 

Fales, Henry Holden 

Fairbanks, Edson Rutland, Vt. 

Fearing, John Holden 

Firth, John Worcester 

*Fox, Charles J Newburyport 

Franklin, Edward H Worcester 

*Gee, James S. W Grafton 

*Gibson, Jacob H... Leicester 

Hayes, Martin M Grafton 

*Hill, Charles R Holden 

Hobart, George, Jr Worcester 

*Howe, Hiram Holden 

Hubbard, John F 

*Irish, Chauncey B ^lillbury 

Lamb, Edward P W. Boylston 

Ladd, Henry C Holden 

Larned, George H Worcester 

*Legg, Charles A Auburn 

*Lumazette, Francis Holden 

*Mann, Randall Leicester 

*McClern, AVilliam Burke, Vt. 

*McGaffery, Charles A Worcester 

Moses, Samuel A Holden 

*:Moore, Charles S 

*Munroe, Edward E Paxton 

*Newton, Serino Oxford 

*Nye, AVilliam A Worcester 

^ Panton, Maxie Holden 

*Piper, Alfred 

*Pratt, Edwin F 

*Preston, Samuel 

*Rol)inson, James D Leicester 

Rock wood, George AV Worcester 

*Savage, John B Holden 

Sawyer, Alphonzo B 

*Scott, Jesse S Leicester 

*Shumway, Charles N Webster 

Smith, George A Holden 

Smith, John H 

*Stone, Emerson Leicester 

Thomas, Robert B AV. Boylston 

*Trask, George 

Trask, I\Iartin N 

Weston. John B Georgetown 

White, John D AV. Boylston 

White, Frederic A Worcester 

Winslow, Edward C Northbridge 

* Re-en listed 


Minute Men of '61 

Company C, Third Battalion of Rifles 
Minute Men of '61 

(Emmet Guards.) 

Organized in 1858. This was an inde- 
pendent company. They received or- 
ders on the morning of April 19, 1861, 
to be prepared to g^o to AVashington on 
the 20th with the Third Battalion, and 
on the 20th joined tlie other companies? 
at Worcester and at ten p.m. started for 

Michael S. McConville, Capt..Worcestei- 

Michael O'Driscoll, 1st Lieut 

*Michael J. McCafferty, 2d Lieut 

*Thomas O'Neil, 3d Lieut 

Maurice Melavin, 4th Lieut 

*William Daley, 1st Sergt 

'•Patrick Curran, Sergt 

Martin Hayes, Sergt • 

Patrick Hayes, Sergt 

Nicholas Power, Corp 

John J. O'Gorman, Corp 

Geo. B. Chandley, Corp 

James Connor, Corp W. Boylston 

Edward T. Murray, Musician. Worcester 

Brazzill, Patrick 

Burns, James 

Brewer, James M 

Benn, Henry Wrentham 

Carroll, John Worcester 

Crimmen, John Leicester 

Collins, Michael Worcester 

*Conners, Jeremiah 

Deery, Patrick Worcester 

Duggan, James 

Downey, Dennis Worcester 

*Doherty. James 

Dunn, John Grafton 

Diggins, Patrick Millbury 

Donahue, Daniel Worcester 

*Empey, Robert 

Finnegan, Michael Milford 

Finn, Thomas Worcester 

Gavin, Anthony 

Hammond, James 

Hynes, John 

Hayes, Edward 

Hickey, William W. Boylston 

Harrington, Bartholomew. . . .Worcester 

Hartigan, John F W. Boylston 

Houston, Edw 

Jennings, Edw Grafton 

Kelly. Patiiek W^orcester 

Kerr, John 

Keegan, Michael 

Keegan, Patrick 

Kenna, Patrick Marlboro 

Kirk, John Leicester 

*Laverty, Joseph 

='■ Leonard, Martin 

Long, Jeremiah D W. Boylston 

*Moore, George Worcester 

Morrison, Francis 

*Morton, John 

Moran, James 

*McKeon, Michael 

*McKeon, Thomas 

Mclntire, Fiancis Philadelphia, Pa. 

McDonald, Michael Worcester 

*McCann, Felix 

*McConville, Henry 

McLane, John B 

*McHannon. James 

McLaughlin, Daniel 

McDonald, John 

*McDermont, Felix Auburn 

McGennis, John Worcester 

McNulty, James Clinton 

Moriarty, John Millbury 

McKenna, James Worcester 

Murray, T. Edward Worcester 

O'Brien, John 

•■=0'Keefe, James 

Roach, Michael 

Shevlin, Patrick W. Boylston 

Shevlin, John 

*Traynor, John Worcester 

Tobin, John 

Tobin, Michael 

*Wai'd, Napoleon 


Minute Men of '61 


Company D, ThirdBattalion of Rifles 
Minute Men of '61 

(Dodd's Rifles.) 

Captain Dodd commenced to recruit 
tbis Company April 19, 1861, and at 
noon next day had secured the requisite 
number of men, and the officers were 
commissioned same day. They left 
Boston, May 2, on the steamer "Cam- 
bridge" for Fortress Monroe, tooli on 
arms and ammunition and proceeded to 

Albert Dodd, Capt Boston 

*Charles Dodd, 1st Lieut 

*Cornelius G. Atwood, 2d Lieut 

*George A. Hicks, 3d Lieut 

Joseph Nason, 4th Lieut 

James Tucker, 1st Sergt 

Charles C. Pingree, Sergt MetJiuen 

Wm. W. Eaton, Sergt Boston 

Andrew Morse, Jr., Sergt Methuen 

John C. Gray, Corp Fi-yeburg, Me. 

Harrison O. F. Newton, Corp..Abington 

*Edward S. Lloyd, Corp Boston 

George H. Tanner, Corp 

Dennis M. Blackmer,'Musician 

Armstrong, Robert, Jr Bridgewater 

Alger, Charles F Boston 

Abrahams, James W 

Burke, John P. E. Milton, N. H. 

Bellows, Jay G W. Mills, Me. 

Boyden, Wm Boston 

Bowen, William J. . . .Ogdensburg, N. Y. 

Bowyer, Hai'rison Boston 

Burbank, Geo. L 

Briggs, Walter R Dedham 

Butler, Frank Boston 

Carlton, John C Berkley 

Cameron, John Hopkinton 

Dove, Edward Boston 

Draper, Geo Foxboro 

Eaton, Geo. A .Boston 

Fisher, Edward O. . . .Bowdoinham, Me. 
Fuller, Amos L Medway 

Gray, Geo. S Boston 

Gray, Daniel B Fryeburg, Me. 

Gray, Angevine W 

Gray, Jacob P 

Gifford, Elias M., Jr Stockbridge 

Harriman, Jonathan F. . .Conway, N. H, 

Haynes, Thomas Charlestown 

Howard, George R Brimfield 

Healey, Samuel Sheffield 

Hemsworth, William T W. Roxbury 

Ingraham, Edw. A Framingham 

Kettelle, Geo. M Boston 

Kennison, Geo. B Hopkinton 

Kilgour, Hannibal C Boston 

Lee, Marshall Southboro 

Lowden, Thomas Boston 

Morrissey, Daniel 

Marsliall, Albert A N. Andover 

Moore, Chas. D Boston 

Marsh, James H Auburn 

Messer, Alvin A Boston 

O'Neil, Wm. H 

Pillsbury, Oliver S..S. Thomaston, Me. 

Porter, Daniel P Boston 

Robbins, Milton B Bath, Me. 

*Richards, Enoch Boston 

Ring, John E 

Roberts, Edw. L 

Schulze, Henry F Cambridge 

Smith, Francis L Boston 

Stevens, Wm. H Bangor, Me. 

Starbird, John D Boston 

Sanborn, Jeremiah P 

Tracy, Henry A 

Tolman, Augustus P 

Tyler, John D Stoddard, N. H. 

Warren, Geo. W Hopkinton 

Williams, Chas Boston 

Wenzell, Phillip Roxbury 

Wheeler, Carlton A Roxbury, N. H. 

Winchester, Greenville H Boston 

Wilson, Jas. A Scarboro, Me. 

* Re-enlisted 


Minute Men of '61 

Geo. a. B. R. Spragve 

Minute Men of '61 

Third Battery Rifles 

A. B. R. Sprague, born in Ware, Mass., 
March 7, 1827. Captain Company A, 
Third Battalion, M.V.M., April 17, 1861; 
lyieutenant-Colonel Twenty-Fifth Massa- 
chusetts Infantry ; Colonel Fifty-First 

Massachusetts Infantry ; Lieutenant-Col- 
onel Second Massachusetts Heavy Artil- 
lery ; Colonel Second Massachusetts Heavy 
Artillery ; Brevet Brigadier-General United 
States Volunteers. 

Minute Men of '61 


\\ ii.i.iAM 1). i;(i\i)i;.x. SoiiKT\ ilk-. .\Ia---~. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. D. Third Battalion 

A\'illiani B. Bo\'den enlisted April 25, 
1861, in a company. being formed In- Cap- 
tain Dodd; left Boston on steamer, " Cam- 
bridge," for Fortress Monroe; took an 
ordnance, then went to Washington by 
way of the Potomac River, remained there 
one week; ordered to Fort McHenry with 
two other companies and formed the 
Third Battalion of Massachusetts Rifles, 
Major Devens in command, known as 
Company D; remained until Jul}- 25, spent 
most of the time in remounting guns, 
then returned to Boston. Mustered out 
August 2, in Boylston Hall. Died Octo- 
ber 15, 190". 

CnARLp:s A. I.,kg(; 
Minute Men of '61 
Co. B, ,'d Battalion. Sergt. Co. C. 1st Mass. Cav. 

Born in Boston, Mass., March 14, 1840. 
Lived in Auburn, when President called 
for troops April 15, 1861 ; enli.sted in 
Worcester City Guards ; owing to a surplus 
of Recruits was transferred to Company 
B, Third Battalion of Rifles, left Worcester 
April 20, at ten ]).m., for Washington. 
The ovation they received in New York 
City, when they arrived at eight a.m., was 
an event long to be remembered. 

They were camped at Fifth Avemie 
Hotel where they had breakfast and dinner 
and spent part of the day in Seventh Regi- 
ment Armory. Marched to wharf in the 
afternoon and embarked on steamship for 
Annapolis, where they were on duty .some 
weeks, thence to Fort McHenry the balance 
of their term, and were nuistered out at 
Worcester, August 3. September 17, he 
again enli.sted in Company C, First Massa- 
cliu.setts Cavalry for three years. 

Was with his Company all through the 
war, re-enlisted January 1, 1864, made a 
Sergeant May 16, same year, afterwards 
Companies C and D, of our Regiment, was 
detailed at General Medd's headquarters 
of Army of the Potomac for escort and 
orderly dutv ; was made Color Sergeant 
and carried " Old Glory," until the close 
of the War at Appomattox. 


MrxuTK Men of '61 

Robert I',. Thomas, Brooklyn. N. Y. 

:Miiiute Men of '61 

Co. B, 3d Battery Rifle.'--, Co. C, 53d Muss. Vols. 

Robert B. Thoma.s wa.s born December 
27, 1837, served first in Company B (Hol- 
(len Rifles), Third Battalion of Rifles, 
M.V.M, from'April 20 to August 3, 1861. 
His service was in Marjland, mainly at 
Annapolis and Fort McHenry, although 
there were occasional trips by water up 
and down Chesapeake Bay. He enlisted 
again in November, 1862, in Company C, 
Fifty-Third Massachusetts Volunteers, and 
served in the Department of the Gulf from 
January 30 to 12, 1863, taking part 
in the long and'ar(UTOUs siege of Port Hud- 
son, L/a. Comrade Thomas coiues of fight- 
ing stock, as his great grandfather was a 
Ivieutenant from Massachusetts in the 
French and Indian wars. His great- uncle, 
for whom" he was named, was the founder 
of that most widely read of New England 
Annuals, " The'Old Farmer's Almanack," 
now in its one hitndred and sixteenth 

JrDCK Ch.aklics Dkvkns, Worcester, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

3d Mass. Battalion, Brigr. Cen. U. S. Vols. 

Charles Devens was born in Charlestown, 
Mass., April 4. 1826, of Revolutionary an- 

A gradtiate of Harvard at the age 
of eighteen, in 1838 ; admitted to bar in 
1840 ; was appointed United States Marshal 
by President Taylor, 1849 to 1853. 

April 15, 1861, upon the first call of 
President Ivincoln for troops, Mr. Devens 
was appointed Major Third Massachusetts 
Battalion Rifles. While in command at 
Fort McHeiir}-, Baltimore, was appointed 
Colonel of Fifteenth M.V.M. In Novem- 
ber, 1861, was made Brigadier-General, 
commanding in many important eng^age- 
nients and several times wounded. Early 
in 1865, vtpon recommendation of General 
Grant, General Devens was brevetted 
Major-CTeneral, and by special request of 
General Grant, remained in service of the 
Government until near the close of 1866. 
Early in 1867, he was appointed by Gov- 
ernor Btillock, Judge in tlie Superior Court 
and by Governor Washburn, to the Su- 
preme Judicial Coitrt. 

In 1877 was made Attorney General of 
the United States. Returning to Massa- 
chusetts in April, 1881, was re-appointed 
to the Supreme Jtidicial Court by Governor 
Long, which po.sition he occupied until his 
death, January 7, 1891. 

A fine bronze statute of General Devens 
has been placed in the park east side of 
the State House. 

MiNfTK Men of "61 


— ■ 

f^ >^ ^l 

\ ^ 

^^ ^^^_^^ /^ 


^^^^^^^_^ #'-•'/./«-. ^ 

^^^H^^^^^^^ K ^fti ' -'-f^nfl 


Albion A. Messer 

Minute Men of '61 

3d Battalion Rifles, I^t. 25th Rest. Mass. Vols. 

John Cri.mmtns. Leicester. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. C. Third Battalion 

Corp. John C. (;k.\v, Soniervillc. Mass. 

Minute Men of 'ol 

Co. I), M Battalion Rifles. Co. H, Sth Mass. 9 mos. 

.I.\.Mi;s TrcKKK. Winchester. Ma.-^s. 

Jlinute Men of '61 

M\ ISattalion Rifles. Col. 2.=;th Rest. Mass. Vols. 

Boston Light Artillery, Cook's Battery 
Minute Men of '61 

(Three Months' Volunteers.) 

On the morning of April 20, 1S61, 
Major Cook received orders to have his 
Company ready to proceed to Wash- 
ington, with Colonel Lavi^rence in com- 

The Company numbered over one 
hundred and twenty men, and were each 
armed with a sabre and a revolver, and 
provided with heavy overcoats by the 
State. Their battery consisted of six 
six-pounders, together with seventy 
horses, ten tons of cartridges, shot and 
grape. The corps marched to the Wor- 
cester depot between one and two o'clock 
a.m. Here they remained iintil the ar- 
rival of the Fifth Regiment, and left 
with them early Sunday morning, April 
21. At Framingham they were sur- 
rounded by crowds and greeted with 
music and salutes of cannon. At every 
stopping place, people left their homes 
and churches to show their approval 
of the cause, and their admiration of 
the troops who, forgetting everything 
but country, were ready to peril life 
for it. 

They arrived in New York about dark 
and embarked in t-he steamer "De Soto," 
and sailed for Fortress Monroe, thence 
direct to Annapolis, where they arrived 
early April 24. The patriotic and cor- 
dial feelings which met them at every 
station in Massachusetts, Connecticut, 
and New York, as they passed along, 
were chilled by the traitorous and hos- 
tile rebel atmosphere of Maryland; and 
preparations were made to gallantly 
meet and repel any attack that might 
be made upon tlaem. 

At Annapolis they were quartered in 
the Naval School buildings, and re- 
mained as a guard for troops i)assing 
to Washington, until May 4, when they 

marched to the Relay House, nine miles 
southwest of Baltimore,, and encamped 
on the heights. Here they remained 
for some time as a guard, and were 
daily exercised in drilling and other 
military duties, being mustered into 
United States service May 18. 

On June 13, went to Baltimore with 
the Sixth Regiment to protect the polls, 
and encamped at Mt. Clare, a suburb 
of the city. Major Cook received a 
letter from Major-General Dix, on July 
26, stating that, though the term of 
service of the Company had expired, 
yet it was the earnest desire of the 
Department Commander that the Bat- 
tery should continue to hold their posi- 
tion until July 30. In accordance with 
this request, the letter was read to the 
members of the corps, who voted to a 
man to accede to the wish of General 
Dix, for whom they gave three cheers 
and a skyrocket. 

On August 3, the Battery arrived in 
Boston once more, and were met with 
a most cordial reception, and escorted 
into the city by the First Battalion of 
Dragoons, Major AVhite; the Second 
Battalion of Infantry, Major Newton; 
and the National Lancers, Captain 
Slade; and welcomed in a speech by 
Mayor Wightman, and were shortly mus- 
tered out. 



(Three Months' Volunteers.) 

Orders were received at 8.30 o'clock 
on the morning of April 20, 1861, by Ma- 
jor Cook, to have his Company in readi- 
ness to proceed to Washington with 


Minute Men of '61 

Colonel Lawrence's Command, and at 
10 o'clock in the evening he reported 
that his Company was ready. Dm-ing 
the day they were busily engaged in 
perfecting arrangements to leave, The 
Company numbered over 120 men, and 
were each armed with a sabre and a 
revolver, and provided with heavy over- 
coats by the State. They supped at the 
Cornhill Hotel, the interior of which 
was beautifully decorated in their 
honor, and having sent forward, at 10 
o'clock in tJie evening, their battery of 
six brass six-pounders, together with 
seventy horses selected mainly from 
the Metropolitan Railroad Stables,- and 
ten tons of cartridges, shot and grape, 
the corps marched to the Worcester 
Depot between one and two o'clock. 
Here they remained until the arrival of 
the Fifth Regiment, and left with them 
early Sunday morning, the 21st. Stop- 
ping at Framingham, to wood and wa- 
ter, they were surrounded by crowds, 
who manifested the greatest excite- 
ment, and not only showered blessings 
upon them, but greeted them with mu- 
sic and salutes of cannon, and forced 
upon them eatables in great abundance. 
Indeed, at every stopping place the peo- 
ple left their houses and churches to 
show their approval of the cause, and 
their admiration of the troops, who, 
forgetting everything but country, were 
ready to peril life for it. 

They arrived at New York about 
dark, and embarked late that evening in 
the steamer "De Soto," in which they 
sailed for Fortress Monroe. They ar- 
rived the 23d, at noon, and were or- 
dered direct to Annapolis, and arrived 
there early the next morning. The pa- 
triotic and cordial feelings which met 
them at every station in Massachusetts, 
Connecticut and New York, as they 
passed along, were here chilled by the 
traitorous and hostile rebel atmosphere 
pf Maryland; and preparations were 

made to gallantly meet and repulse any 
attack that might be made upon them. 

At Annapolis they were quartered at 
the Naval School Building, and re- 
mained posted in this city as a safe- 
guard for troops passing to Washing- 
ton, until May 4th, when they marched 
to the Relay House and encamped. 
Here they remained for some time as a 
guard, and were daily exercised in drill- 
ing and in other military duties. May 
18, the oath of allegiance to the United 
States was administered to the corps by 
Lieut. H. S. Putnam. June 13, went to 
Baltimore with the Sixth Regiment, to 
protect the polls, it being election day 
in that city, — returned soon after to the 
Relay Station, but were immediately 
again ordered to Baltimore, and en- 
camped at Camp Clare. June 30, or- 
dered to march from the camp into the 
heart of the city, two detachments be- 
ing stationed in Monument square, and 
the others at the Custom House. July 
10th, returned to Camp Clare. 

July 26, Major-General Dix addressed 
a letter to Major Cook, stating that, 
though the term of service of the com- 
pany had expired, yet it was the earn- 
est desire of the Major-General com- 
manding that they should continue to 
hold their position until the 30th. 

In acordance with this request the 
letter was read to tiie members of the 
corps, who voted to a man to accede to 
the wish of General Dix, for whom they 
gave three cheers and a "skyrocket." 

August 3d, the Battery arrived in Bos- 
ton once more, where they met with a 
most cordial reception, being escorted 
into the city by the First Battalion of 
Dragoons, Major White; the Second 
Battalion of Infantry, Major Newton, and 
the Lancers, Captain Slade, and wel- 
comed in a speech by Mayor Wightman. 

Thus ended the three-montJis' service 
of Cook's Battery. 

Minute Men of '61 


Boston Light Artillery, Cook's Batter}' 
Minute Men of '61 

Field and Staff. 

Asa M. Cook, Major Somerville 

Frederick A. Heath, Adjutant Boston 

Thomas J. Foss, Quartermaster 

John P. Ordway, Surgeon 

F. Le Baron Monroe, Asst. Surg. .Medway 

(Commissioned Assistant Surgeon 1st 

Reg. Sept. 3, 1861.) 
*Josiah Porter, 1st Lieut.. .N. Cambridge 
*William H. McCarthy, 2nd Lt... Boston 

*C. C. Mortimer, 3d Lieut 

Robert L. Sawin, 4th Lieut 

Chief Officers. 

*Augustus P. Martin Boston 

Daniel P. Sawyer Brookline 

Horace N. Weld Boston 

Charles M. Griffin 

Lucius Cummings 

(Accidentally broke his leg at the 
corner of Blackstone and Hanover 
Sts., when the Company paraded on 
their return home.) 
Joseph W. B. Wright Boston 


♦Thomas M. Cargill Roxbury 

*Charles H. Stoddard Boston 

Jacob Federhen 

Isaac Pierce Boston 

♦William H. Thompson 

Zacheus Holmes, Jr 

James Waters, Bugler So. Boston 

Henry A. Winship, Saddler Boston 

*Enos Daily, Farrier 


*Adams, Matthew M Boston 

Allen, Newell B Chelsea 

*Brown, Benjamin B Boston 

*Brown, George H 

(Joined at Relay House.) 

Brooks, Samuel Brighton 

Bartley, Joshua H So. Boston 

♦Barnes, Joseph C Boston 

*Bruce, Frank 

Bean, Albert 

Barnard. Charles M 

Barrens, George H Somerville 

Blackburn, John W Boston 

(Hospital Steward.) 

Cheney, Gardner S 

Cutler, George H Somerville 

*Cavanaugh, George H So. Boston 

*Carney, Lawrence Boston 

Colbath, Charles S W. Roxbury 

Dawes. Albert G E. Boston 

Drew, John Boston 

Dearborn, James S 

Dyer, Charles H 

Darcy, John S E. Boston 

*Dunn, Valentine M Charlestown 

*Evans, George W Somerville 

♦French, Charles W Boston 

Fisher, William H 

♦Foster, Porter B 

(Joined at Relay House.) 
♦Follett, Charles A. 

(Joined at Baltimore.) 

♦Golleff, Philip W 

Gardner, Frank 

Garland, James W 

(Joined at Relay House.) 

Higgins, Andrew M So. Boston 

♦Howe, Charles L. F Boston 

Hurd Sumner F 

♦Hill, James A 

HoUis, George W 

Holmes, Luther E Wayland 

Johnson. Alfred So. Boston 

♦Johnson, George H Boston 

Jones, William P 

Kramer, George Baltimore 

(Joined at Relay House.) 
Lynch, Nicholas G Boston 

(Joined at Relay House.) 

Levering, Harrison Charlestown 

♦Lull, Frederick A Cambridgeport 



Minutb: Men of '61 

Maynard. Henry F Boston 

Morse, Nathaniel E. Cambridge 

*Marear, Josepli H Boston 

Morrill, Edward P 

Mason, Thomas T So. Boston 

*Minot, Joseph S Boston 

McClure, Joseph H 

Merrill, Charles E So. Boston 

*Nason, James H N. Cambridge 

Nichols, William H Charlestown 

Newcomb, Leonard E Boston 

*Osgood, Thomas B So. Boston 

*Osgood, Lewis V Charlestown 

*Patterson, William B Boston 

(Joined at Relay House.) 

*Presby, Charles E N. Cambridge 

Pepper, Charles H Boston 

*Prescott, William H 

Prescott, George H 

Packard, Charles H 

Pratt, Joshua H Chelsea 

*Rowland, James S So. Boston 

*Richardson, Joseph W Boston 

Stone, Martin A 

Sanborn, George W 

Simmonds, Harrison O 

*Sinclare, James Brook! ine 

(Joined at Relay House.) 

Steer, William F Somerville 

*Skinnings, William H Boston 

Sawin, Nathaniel G 

Sawin, William B 

( Killed by accidental discharge of 

pistol June 29.) 

*Snell, Oliver S Boston 

*Stevens, Philip C 

Stow, H. A Worcester 

(Accidentally shot in the thigh and 

returned home.) 

Stone, Sylvester Boston 

*Trumbull, Nathaniel 

*Thomas, Enoch Brookline 

*Tyler, Philip H Charlestown 

Williams, Elbridge S Boston 

Walker, Albert S Charlestown 

Wild, Henry W Somerville 

Waterman, Otis V So. Boston 

Woodsum, William Boston 

Wyman, Henry 

* Warren, Henry M 

*Warren, W. G 

*Wachter, Philip Charlestown 

Welch, Benjamin F Boston 

*Walker, Ira 

Winslow, Charles H Cambridge 


Minute Men of '61 


Skrgt. James H. Nason 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook's First Massachusetts Batter\ 

James H. Nason was born in Uoston, 
Mass., Angnst <S, 1841, liis parents being 
James Bullard Nason and Caroline Jenni- 
son. He is great grandson of Nathaniel 
Nason of Walpole, Mass., who was a Colo- 
nial soldier and served in 1759 and 1760 at 
Fort Cumberland and at Crownpoint, and 
■with his l)rothers, Thomas Jr., and Wil- 
loughby, responded to the Lexington 
alarm of April 19, 1775. He later served 
several enlistments in the Continental 

His paternal grandmother was Rhoda 
Whittemore, granddaughter of the aged 
patriot, Samuel Whittemore, who at the 
age of eight\- ye rs, on the retreat of the 
British from Concord and Ivexington, 
April 19, 1775, shot and killed three 
British soldiers, whose comrades shot and 
bayonetted the old man, leaving him for 
dead. But he survived and lived to be 
ninety-eight 3'ears of age. 

iVIr. Nason 's maternal grandfather was 
iJaniel Jennison of Sutton, Mass., who 


Minute Men of ,61 

also served in the Revolution, and who 
married Molly Putnam, a cousin of Gen- 
eral Rufi:s Putnam, the favorite engineer 
of (jeneral Washington. 

Mr. Nason was educated in the Mavhew 
School, Boston, under Master vSamuel 
Swan of Dorchester, graduating in 1855, 
and upon moving with his parents to 
North Cambridge, entered the English 
High School. His father soon after was 
appointed Postmaster of the place, and 
carried on the business of apothecary. 

In politics Mr. Nason was a Democrat, 
but at the breaking out of the Rebellion 
became a staunch supporter of the Govern- 
ment. At the first call for troops, April 
15, 1861, he joined the Boston Light Ar- 
tillery (First Ivight Battery), Major Asa 
M. Cook commanding, with Josiah Porter 
of North Cambridge, First Ivieutenant, 
who subsequently became Adjutant Gen- 
eral of the State of New York. 

Upon arriving home Mr. Nason took up 
the stud}- of law, with Hon. Isaac Story; 
soon however, under authority of Gover- 
nor Andrew, he commenced to recruit a 
company with a commission , for the war. 
While thus engaged, the call for troops to 
serve for nine months was made, and 
yielding to the persuasions of family and 
friends, he joined Company A, Forty- 
Seventh Massachusetts Regiment, Captain 
Albert h. Stickney, who appointed him 
Sergeant. The Regiment left in Decem- 
ber, 1862, and who, after a short stay in 
camp at Union Race Course, East New 
York, proceeded to New Orleans with 
General Banks' expedition. The Regi- 
ment was there broken up into details for 

garrison dutv. Mr. Nason being in com- 
mand of the guard at the commissary 
depot of the Department of the Gulf. 
I'pon the return of the Regiment he 
abandoned the law and entered the office 
of T. J. Dunbar & Co., Boston, for whom 
he l>ecame confidential clerk for several 
years. He married in 1865, Miss Helen 
Baldwin of North Cambridge; at her death 
in 1868, closely following that of his 
father, he removed to New York and 
entered the grocery house of H. K. Thur- 
ber & Co., subsequently becoming a lead- 
ing salesman with FVancis H. IvCggett & 
Co., and later the Royal Baking Powder 

In 1872 he married Miss Helen M. 
Alden, daughter of Edwin A. Alden of 
Troy, N. Y., a direct descendant of John 
and Priscilla Alden of the Mayflower. 

Mr. Nason was with the American Sugar 
Refining Company of New York for 
several years, and is now occupying the 
position of Clerk in Magistrate's Court,. 
Borough of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

In 1906 Mr. Nason was honored by the 
Massachusetts Minute Men's Association 
by an election to the office of Lieu- 
tenant-Commander at large, and in 1907 
was made Commander of the Association. 
He is also Past President of the First 
Ivight Battery Association, Boston Light 

Mr. Nason' s family now (1910) consists, 
of wife, Helen, daughters, Bertha G. , and 
Helen M., and a son, Haywood Whitte- 
more, an infant daughter. May, dying in 

Minute Men of '61 



Gkorge H. Cavanagh, died March 31, 191( 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook's First Massachusetts Battery 

George H. Cavanagh was born at 8 Bay 
Street, Boston, June 16, 1839; went to 
various primary schools until graduated 
from the Hawes School at South Boston, 
then oHe year at English High School in 
1854. All the military duty he ever saw 
until elected a member of the Battery on 
April 15, 1881, was when a very small boy 
and was follo\\'ing his father who was a 
member of the Boston Artillery. On April 
15, 1861, he was elected into the Battery 
commanded by Major Asa M. Cook. 
There were six -who were taken to make 
up the quota out of some two hundred who 
applied. Were kept at the Armory until 
April 20 ; left the Armory about ten p.m. , 
and marched to the Corn Hill House, now 

Yoimg's Hotel, where they sat down to a 
bountiful Ijanquet, after which they 
marched to Harvard Street, loaded horses, 
guns and amnumition on cars and started 
off with the Fifth Regiment, ^^'ent that 
day to Fortress Monroe in the steamer " De 
Soto," then to Annapolis, arriving on the 
twenty-third. May 4, went to Relay 
House and to Baltimore June 30 ; stayed 
there till July 30, then started for home, 
arrived August 3, and was dischasged ; re- 
enlisted ()i;tober 8, in Company A, Captain 
Henry h- Higginson, First Massachusetts 
Cavalry for three years ; was wounded 
twice slightly, discharged November 7, 
1864 ; was pensioned Finst Sergeant. 

Minute Men of 

Nicholas C. I^yxch 

Minute Men of '61 

First Massachusetts Battery 

One of his late Comrades has said, the 
following account of his war record is as 
accurate as I can remember. Nicholas G. 
I/ynch was born in Boston, Mass., July, 
1841. He was nineteen years of age when 
he enlisted for the War of the Rebellion 
with the First Massachusetts Light Bat- 
tery. He re-enlisted under Captain Josiah 
Porter, commanding, the roster of that 
battery shows, October 3, 1861. He was 
Guidon, and later became a Corporal. 

While at Brighton he was a member of 
the Francis Washburn, Post 75, G-A-R. 
He moved with his family to New York in 

1884. For a number of years before his 
death December 6, 1903, he was a member 
of Rankin Post No. 10, G-A-R Brooklyn, 
N. Y., and at the time of his death was- 
Chaplain and Color Bearer of that Post. 

In the story of the First Massachusetts 
Light Battery, Sixth Army Corps by A. J. 
Bennett, of that Battery, the war record of 
Comrade Lynch is given. 

Shortly before his death, he received his 
medal to the Minute Men of '61, and was 
very much pleased with it. It is highly 
prized by his family. 

Minute Men of '61 


Frank Gardner, Atlantic, Ma.s>. 

Minute Men of '61 
Cook's First Massachusetts Battery 

Frank Gardner was born in Boston, 
August 24, 1840. He responded to Lin- 
coln's first call, April 15, 1861, and served 
in Cook's First Battery, Massachusetts 
Volunteer Light Artillery for three 
months, participating in the operations 
under General Butler at Annapolis Relay 
House and Baltimore. He re-enlisted as 
Sergeant in the T'welfth Massachusetts 
Battery, Light Artillery, Captain Jacob 
Miller commanding, and served till the 
close of the Nineteenth Corps under Gen- 
erals Butler, Banks and Canby. 

His campaigning, extended through 
New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Port Hudson 
and the Tash Country. He was on Cav- 
alry scout service part of the time. Was 
one of a detachment that succeeded in 
getting the first dispatches to Admiral 
Farragut after his memorable fight at 
Vicksburg. Was mustered out at Boston, 
July 25, 1865. 

Has been a member of John A. Andrew 
Post 15, G-A-R since 1865. Is in the 
clothing business and resides at North 
Quincy, Mass. 


Minute Men of '61 

Maj. Asa M. Cook 

Mimite Men of '61 

1st Mass.I,t. Art., Sth Mass. Battery M. Cook, was born in New Durham, 
N. H., in 1823. His parents moved to 
Exeter, Me., in 1824, and he was educated 
in the public schools of that place. At the 
age of nineteen he came to Boston and was 
one of the original members, a Sergeant of 
Boston Light Artillery, and became its 
commander early in 1861. At the .arst call 
for troops b}- President L/incoln he re- 
sponded with the Boston Ivight Artillery 
(known as Cook's Battery), participating 
in the operations under General Butler at 
Baltimore, Relay House, Annapolis, etc., 
after this term of service returning to 
Massachusetts ; and in 1862, at the request 
of Governor Andrew organized the Eighth 
Massachusetts Battery for six months' ser- 
vice, participating in the battles of second 
Bull Run, Chantilly, South Mountain and 
Antietam. After the war, he resumed his 
former position in the Custom House, a 
position he occupied for about thirty j-ears. 
He has also carried on the teaming and 
express business for nearh' a half century, 
making his home in Reading, Mass. De- 

C.APT. Joseph H. (^lisason 

Minute Men of '61 

Third Battalion 

Joseph H. Gleason was born in Lang- 
don, N. H., Felmiary 13, 1823. vSon of 
Colonel Joseph Gleason. In 1848, he 
married Abbie G. Bailey of Holden, Mass. 
who died in 1903. In 1893 he removed to 
Everett, Mass. On April 18, 1861, he, 
with Company B, left Holden after five 
hours' notice, in response to the call 
of . President Ivincoln for troops, and 
reported at Worcester, and on April 20, 
left for the seat of the reliellion, with 
Worcester City Guards and Emmet 
Guards, all under the command of Major 
Charles Devens. They first went to 
Annapolis, where they remained about 
two weeks, then to Fort McHenry, Balti- 
more, and remained there fifteen weeks. 

In 1863 he went to Kentucky as a mem- 
ber of the Quartermaster's staff of the 
Twenty-First Regiment, M.V.M., which 
was located at camp Nelson, where as 
superintendent of construction he had 
charge of over five hundred men, and 
erected one hundred buildings in camp. 
In Holden he held several responsible 
positions of honor and trust. Was Jus- 
tice of the Peace forty-two years. 

Minute Mkn of '61 


Henry A. Winship 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook's Battery 

Henry A. Winship was born in Boston, 
Mass., August 24, 1822, and ■w^as the son 
of Stephen Winship and 'wife, Elizabeth 
Williams Pollard, who was daughter of 
Colonel Moses Pollard. 

At the time of his enlistment he was 
engaged in the trunk, bag and military 
equipment business, and left it to join the 
battery in response to President Ivincoln's 
first call for troops, April 15, 1861. The 
battery left Boston on Sunday, morning , 
April 21, and proceeded to New York by 
rail, thence to Annapolis, Md., by -water, 
the confederates having destroyed the 
railroads and bridges, between Philadel- 
phia and Baltimore. 

Mr. Winship was the artificer or saddler 
of the Battery, for which his trade in 
leather had well fitted him. He resicies in 
Boston, and is a member of G-A-R Post 
No. 35, of Chelsea, Mass. 

Mr. Winship comes from Colonial and 
Revolutionary stock, of which he is proud, 
and rightly .so. He is a direct descendant 
of Ivieutenant Edward Winship, who set- 
tled in Cambridge, IVIass., in 1635, and 
■was one of the first officers of the Ancient 
and Honorable Artillery. 

He is also a grandson of John Winship, 
whovwas one of the sixty minute men that 
faced the eight hundred British .soldiers on 
Lexington Common on the morning of 
the ever memorable April 19, 1775. 

Dr. Geokge D. Cho.a.ti;. Boston. Mass. 

Jlinute Men of '61 

Re-enlisted Sergt. in 23d Regt. Mass. Vols. 

Dr. George D. Choate, 405 Newbury 
Street, Boston. Born in Ipswich, Mass., 
November 17, 1833. Answered first call 
while on a visit in Pennsylvania, Minute 
Men of '61. Re-enli.sted Sergeant in 
Twenty-Third Regiment Massachusetts 

Died April 14, 1909, at] 405 Newbury 
Street, Boston. 


Minute Men of '61 

Albert S. Walker, Boston, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

1st Mass. Battery, l^ieut. 14th Mass. Battery 

Albert S. Walker was born in Dixfield, 
Me., May 8, 1836, and was the son of 
Christopher 0.,and Adeline B. (Torrey) 
Walker. He was a relative of General 
Riifus Putnam of Revolutionary fame. He 
married November 24, 1860, Ardelia L. 
Messer. The)' have one child, a daugh- 
ter, Cora M., born in Bo.ston, Mass., who 
married Horace A. Kyes. 

His grandfather was one of the early 
settlers in Dixfield, Me., spending his 
leisure hours in hunting and trapping 
from the Androscoggin to Sandy River. 
He served in the war of 1812, and built a 
log fort on his farm, for protection from 
Indians, and where all the women and 
children used to stay dtiring the early 
years of the settlement. Soon after com- 
ing to Boston lyieutentant Walker was 
employed for a number of years in the 
provision business in Faneuil Hall market. 
In 1859 he engaged in business on his own 
account, until April 18, 1861, when the 
war talk became so hot, that he .sold out, 
and in twenty minutes reported for enlist- 
ment in Cook's Battery, pa3'ing a fee of 
$500 to become a member. The Battery 
left Boston on Sunday morning, April 21, 
1861, and proceeded by rail to New York, 
thence by steamer, "DeSoto," to Annap- 
olis, Md.;on May 5, it marched across 
country to Klkridge L/anding and en- 
camped on Relay Heights, nine miles 
southwest of Baltimore, v.'here entrench- 

Albekt ,S. \V.\lker, Boston, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook's 1st Mass. Bat., I^ieut. 4th Mass. Bat. 

ments were thrown up for the two guns of 
the section, two others of the left sec- 
tion being posted on the railroad to Har- 
per's Ferry, the center .section being 
posted on the hill, overlooking and com- 
manding all approaches. 

Upon the return of the Batter}- at close 
of term of service, three months, he be- 
came ill with typhoid fever, which left 
him in very poor health, .so he could not 
re-enltst as he de.sired to do, until January, 
1864, when he joined the Fourteenth 
Massachusetts Light Battery, for three 
years, under Captain J. W. B. Wright, and 
was made Quartermaster Sergeant, serv- 
ing as such until the battle of Fort Stead- 
man, March 25, 1865, and was then pro-, 
moted to be Second Lieutenant to fill the 
vacancy caused b}' the death of Lieutenant 
F. B. Nye, killed in this battle and where 
one section of the Battery was killed or 
taken prisoners. 

At the close of the war the Battery 
marched from Petersburg, Va., through 
Richmond to Alexandria, and took part in 
the Grand Review at Washington, and was . 
mustered out in Boston, June 5, 1861. 

Lieutenant Walker was engaged in the 
many battles: Wilderness, Va., May 5, 
6 and 7, 1864; Spottsylvania, Va., North 
Anna River, Tolopotomy Creek, Bethesda 
Church, Cohl Harbor, siege of Petersburg. 

He is a charter r^ ember of John A. 
Haiue 1 o.'^t, G-A-R of Fast Boston. 

Minute Men of '61 


1,T. Robert T,. vSawin, Somerville, Mass. 

Minute Men of "61 

Cook's 1st JIass. Battery 

Born in Boston, Mass., December 13, 
1829. Had been a member of the Massa- 
chusetts State Militia, prior to enlistment 
in the battery as Private in Chelsea Light 
Infantry, Captain Fellows, and in Boston 
Light Infantry Captain Charles O. Rogers. 
Commissioned Fourth Lieutenant, Light 
Artillery, Battery No. 1, February 24, 1861, 
and mustered into service May 18, 1861, 
for three months, April 20, 1861, and mns- 
tered out August 2, 1861. To the call for 
troops issued by Governor Andrew April 
15, 1861, the members of the battery re- 
sponded unanimously and made prepara- 
tions for immediate departure. 

In a few days, orders came from General 
B. F. Butler, commanding the district, 
directing Major Cook to proceed im- 
mediately with his command to Flkridge 
Landing, on the Patapsco river. The bat- 
tery moved at once across the countr\- 
without support or escort of any kind, ex- 
cepting a gtiide, and reached the landing 
without opposition. Major Cook took 
possession, pitched camp, btiilt earthworks, 
planted guns and made read}- for action ; 
seized the bluflf at the junction of the Balti- 
more nn<\ Ohio Railroad, and the Railroad 
to Washington, D. C, and placed his guns 

in position to control both roads and the 
railroad station. The battery remained at 
the Landing, some little time varying the 
monotony of camp life with an occasional 
sortie one of which Lieutenant Mc- 
Cartnev, with a section of the Battery, 
captured members of the Secession Legis- 
lature of Maryland and in another, a field 
gun and ammunition at Ellicots Mills, 
Md. Under order of General B. F. 
Butter, the battery left the landing and 
joined his command in a movement upon 
Baltimore, Md., which was captured with- 
out bloodshed. While in camp at Balti- 
more, Private William B. Sawin, youngest 
brother of Lieutenant Sawin, who was at 
drill acting as gunner, was accordingly 
killed by the discharge of his pistol. In 
August, 1861, the battery was ordered 
home and w-as nmstered out at Boston, 
Mass., August 2, 1861, length of service 
one hundred and five da^'S. 

Immediately upon his discharge he 
became active in recruiting a battery for 
three years and on August 28, 1861, was 
commissioned by Governor Andrew, 
Second Lieutenant First Battery, Massa- 
chusetts Light Artillery ; Captain Josiah 
Porter. Soon after arrival at the front 
Lietitenant Sawin was appointed adjutant 
and quartermaster of the Artillery Brigade 
of First Division of General Franklin's 
Corps, A. P., under Chiefs Captain Piatt 
and Lieutenant Emery Upton, and upon 
the consolidation of all the batteries into 
one brigade, to be known as Artillery 
Brigade vSixth Army Corps, Army of the 
Potamac, Colonel Tompkins, Chief of 
Artillery, Commanding. He was ap- 
pointed aide-de-camp to the Chief and 
served in that capacit}- until mustered out 
October 6, at headquarters of General 
Meade in the field near Petersbitrg, Va. 
He acted also as adjutant quartermaster, 
commissary ordinance and disbursing 
officer. The first action in which he was 
engaged was at West Point, Va., an 
attempt by General Franklin to intercept 
General Magruder on his retreat from 
Yorktown, Va. vSept. 9 and 10, 1864, 
under charge of General Regis de 
Tobviand and tiutil mustered out was 
acting adjutant of sixth batteries of Artil- 
lerj-. Brigade Sixth Corps, in front of 
Petersburg, making flaily reports to Major 
General Hancock. 

He was hit at PVedericksburg b\' a bullet 
and at Cold Harbor b\- a piece of shell, 
neither of which catised serious injury. 
Since his return has been First Com- 
mander and charter member of P. Stearns 
Davis Post, No. 57, G-A-R., of Cambridge, 
delegate to Grand Encampment of G-A-R. , 
at Pittsburg, Pa., and resides in Somer- 
ville, Mass. 


Minute Men of '61 

Augustus p. Martin. Boston, Mass. (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 
1st Mass. Bat. 3d Mass. I^isht Bat. Brig. Gen, V. S.V. 

Augustus r. Martin was born in Abbott, 
Me., November 23, 1S35. He served in 
the three months' campaign as Sergeant 
in the Boston Ught Artillery. When the 
Third Massachusetts Battery was raised he 
was made Senior First Lieutenant, Sep- 
tember 5, 1861; Captain, November 28, 
1861 ; Brevet Colonel , March 13, 1865. Dur- 
ing his term he was Chief of Artillery for 
the Fifth Corps. At the Battle of Gettys- 
burg his services were conspicuous, and 
the skill and energy displayed by him 
were important factors in saving Little 
Round Top and the whole line of the Fifth 
Corps on the second day of that great 
struggle. He received a special letter of 
commendation from General Meade when 
the Battery was mustered out, in which his 
services at Gettysburg were referred to in 
very flattering terms. He was severely 
womided at Laurel Hill, May 8, 1864. 
Since the war he has served as senior 
Aide-de-Camp, with rank of Brigadier- 
General to Governor Long; was Mayor of 
Boston in 1884, Police Commissioner for 
five years, and later Water Commissioner. 
Died" March 13, 1903. 


Minute Men of '61 
Cook's Battery 

Martin A. Stowe was laorn in Grafton, 
Mass., Octol)er 3, 1841. He entered busi- 
ness as a clerk in Bo.ston, and while thus 
engaged the mutterings of secession were 
rife in our land. He joined the Boston 
Litiht .\rtillery Company on April 6, 1861, 
some time prior to the call for troops by 
President Lincoln, firmly belie-v'ing that 
their services wotild soon be required. 

The Batterv responded to the call of 
April 15, 1861^ leaving Boston on Sunday 
morning, April 21. Proceeding to New 
York h\ rail, the Battery was transported 
to Annapolis, Md., by water on the 
steamer, "DeSota,"on board which was 
also the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment, 
under Colonel Samuel C. Lawrence. 
Shortlv after arriving at Annapolis naval 
grounds the Battery made an overland 
march, Mav 5, to the Relay Heights, Elk- 
ridge Landing, Md., and during its term 
of "service occupied several positions on 
and around Baltimore, protecting that city 
as well as the railroad to Harper's Ferry, 
and that to Washington. 

While on guard, was accidentally shot, 
causing a wound, which though not seri- 
ous, re'ndered him ineligible for re-enlist- 
mei'it, upon his return from the three 
months' service, he being rejected. Is a 
member of G-A-R Post 10, George H. 
Ward, of Worcester, Mass., also a member 
of Howard Council 46, Royal Arcanum. 

Minute Men of '61 


George \V. Sanborn 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook's Battery 

George W. Sanborn was born at Ports- 
mouth, N. H., December 11, 1833. When 
a young- man he enlisted in the navy serv- 
ing four years, and upon the expiration 
of his term of enlistment, located in 
Boston, where he learned the trade of a 
mason. At the first call of President 
Lincoln for troops to protect the Capital, 
he enlisted April 20, 1861, in the First 
Massachusetts Battery, known as the 
Boston Light Artillery under Capt. Asa M. 
Cook, for three months. At the expira- 
tion of his term of service, he returned to 
Boston, re-enlisting August 25, 1862 in the 
Eleventh Massachusetts Battery, as a 
sergeant under Captain Edward J. Jones, 
for nine months. He again enlisted in the 
same batter}- to serve to the end of the 

iwar, being commissioned a seconil Lieut- 

At the close of the war he made his 
home in Charlestown, and resumed his 

j work as a mason. He married Miss Kate 
Andrews l)y whom he had five children, 

(four of whom are now living. Mr. San- 
born was a member of the old Boston Fire 

1 Department, also of Abraham Lincoln 
Post 11, G-A-R. He died at Charlestown, 
Mass., September 9, 1882. 

I_EWis V. Osgood 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook's Battery 

Lewis V. Osgood was born at Raymond, 
N. H., January 1, 1833. Enlisted INIajor 
Cook's Battery for three months, April 20, 
1861. Re -enlisted for three years, Sep- 
tember 5, 1861, in Battery C, D H. Follett 
commanding. Made Sergeant August 4, 
1862; commissioned Second Lieutenant, 
March 4, 1863; promoted Lieutenant, 
.Sixteenth Massachusetts Battery, March 
16, 1864, and served until expiration of 
service. Mustered out June 27, 1865. 
Member of James A. Perkins Post, Everett, 
Mass. Married Adelaide L. Cole, daugh- 
ter of John S. Cole, at Charlestown, Mass., 
April 12, 1861. Died as a result of an 
accident July 11, 1903, at Everett, Mass., 
aged sixty-nine years. 


Minute Men of '61 

Philip H. Tyler 

Minute Men of '61 

1st Mass Cook's Battery 

Philip II. T\ler, 1)orn and educated at 
Charlestown, Mass., enlisting when 26 
years of age. Enrolled as Sergeant Major 
Cook's Battery, April 20, 1861, D. H. 
Follett commanding. Discharged 1)y 
command of Major General B. McClellan, 
at camp near Knoxville, Va., Oct. 15, 
1862. He married Miss Georgette, 
daughter of John S. Cole of Charlesto-wn, 
Mass. Died May 23, 1906, at Wellesley 
Hills, age 71 years. 

Henry M. Warre.x 

Minute Men of '61 
Cook's Battery 

Henr\- M. Warren was born in Boston, 
Januar\' 15, 1837. Educated in the public 
schools of Boston. Enlisted in Major Asa 
M. Cook's Battery, the Boston Light Artil- 
lery, April 20, 1861, to serve three months, 
and was mustered out on Jul\' 26, b\' 
expiration of term. Re-enli.sted in Cap- 
tain Josiah Porter's First Massachusetts 
Light Battery, August 28, 1861, as a Cor- 
poral. Served three years and was mus- 
tered out by reason of expiration of term 
of service. 

He took part in the following battles : 
West Point, Gaines Mills, Charles City 
Cross Roads (or Glendale) , Malvern Hill, 
Crampton's Pass, South Mountain, Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg, Salem Heights, 
Gettysburg, Mine Run, Wilderness, Spott- 
sylvania, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, Wil- 
don Raid Road, Hantown, Cedar Creek, 
Strawsburg. Mustered out August 8, 
1864, at town hall, Shenandoah Valley, 
Va. Residence Tatmton, Mass. A mem- 
ber of Samoset Lodge, Knights of Honor 
and an Elk, William H. Bartlett Post 3, 
Department of Mas.sachu setts. 

Married June 17, 1868, in Boston to 
Miss Lizzie R. Atwoofl. Served tinder 
McClellan, Franklin, Slocom, Burnside, 
Hooker, Meade, tirant and Sheridan. 

MiNUTiv Mkx of '61 


Andrew JI. 1Iig(;ixs 
Minute Men of '61 

1st Mass. Cook's Hatterv 

A. M. Hi.i^gins was Ijorn in Georgetown, 
Me., Febrnary 25, 1836. His grandfather 
was a soldier of the United States armv in 

the war of 1812. Mr. Higgins' father was 
a captain in the Maine State Militia. In 
the si)ring of 1860 he joined the Ftrst 
Massachusetts Ivight Battery, then known 
as the Boston Light Artillery. On April 
20, 1861, word came informing him the 
Battery had been ordered to Washington. 
He at once left his work, proceeded to 
liis home, donned his uniform and reported 
at the armory at 6.45 p.m. Mustered in 
May 18. Mustered out, August 2. 

On July 11, 1864, the Regiment formed 
what was known as the Eleventh Battalion, 
and he remained with that organization, 
till the end of the war. His total time of 
service was two years and two months. 
He participated in the battles of Culpep- 
per, Locust Grove, Mine Run, The Wil- 
derness, Deep Bottom, Weldon Railroad, 
Hatche's Rtm, February 5, 1865. He was 
wotmded at the Battle of the Wilderness 
during the second day of the fight, and at 
the engagement at Hatche's Run, March 
31, was taken prisoner. He was hororably 
discharged with rank of Corporal on May 
26, 1865. He has been an Odd Fellow for 
thirty- four years and has received all the 
honor that the subordinate lodge and the 
encampment can give. 


Minute Men of '61 

Joseph W. Richardson 

Minute Men of '61 

Cooks 1st Mass. Battery 

John S. D'Arcv, T\son, Vt. 

Minute Men of '61 

iBt Mass. Battery, also Sth Mass. I^ight Battery 

Albert S. Walker, Boston, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook's Battery 

Henry A. Winship, Boston, Mass- 
Minute Men of '61 
Cook's 1st Mass. Battery 

Minute Men of '61 



Harrison Lovekim. Clillmulale. "SI; 
Minute Men of '61 
Cook's Ist Mass. Battery 

Corp. Z.acheus Holmes (decea.sed) 

Minute Men of '61 

Cook'.s 1st Mass. Bat. (•,ett.\shurs- Post. 191. G-A-R 

^GEORGE'Cutter.'Sonierville, Mass. 

iMinute Men of '61 

1st Mass. .Battery 

James 'Watters. .Somen,'ille, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Bugler 1st Mass..Battery, Band Master V . S. A. 


Minute Men of '61 


Maj 1861. 








Minute Men of '61 



l i Bljh < » w liHfcww 





The historian of the present day mav 
justly extoll and eulogize the Massachu 
setts Minute Men of 1861, because of 
their instant and prompt response to the 
first call of President Abraham T^incoln 
for troops in April, 1861, to suppress the 
rebellion against the legal and lawfuUv 
constituted government of the United 
States of America. For oh, how 
promptly they did respond, and form 
line of ranks, not waiting for uniforms, 
and gladly accepting the old smooth 
bore for arms, with ball and buck for 
cartridges. But what they did, and 
what they accomplished, directly and 
indirectly, otherwise than giving quick 
response, never has been, and cannot 
be recorded by the historian with any 
degree of full justice, if, indeed, it can 
be estimated. 

What though the old Sixth Regi 
ment of Massachusetts Volunteer Mili- 
tia, so justly termed Minute Men of 

1861, saved Washington, the National 
Capitol, and the approaches thereto, 
after passing through the hostile city of 
Baltimore, Md., April 19, there receiv- 
ing and repulsing a cowardly attack 
from the foe. What though the pave- 
ments of the city of Baltimore were 
painted with the first blood of the war, 
the blood of Sumner H. Needham of 
Lawrence, Mass., and of Addison O. 
Whitney and Luther O. Ladd of Low- 
ell, and the blood of Charles A. Taylor, 
all of whom gave their precious lives 
for the Union and Freedom, as mem- 
bers of the Sixth Regiment of M.V.M.. 
under comma'nd of its colonel. Edward 
F. Jones of Pepperell, Mass., wlio today 
(April 19, 1908)' survives his valued ser- 
vices of war time. It is a sorrowful 
fact, however, to record that he is blind, 
and not able to meet his boys of w^ar 
time with the same pleasure that you 
and I do. What though the old Third 
and Fourth Regiments of M.V.M., 
Massachusetts Minute Men, also of 1861. 
saved Fortress Monroe, Va., the lai'gest 
fortress of the United States Govern- 
ment, and then the most important, 
whose heavy armament had been dis- 
mounted and stacked in the ordnance 
park, by order of traitorous officials, 
hoping to make the capture of the for- 
tress by the enemy an easy task, whose 
hopes were utterly blasted on the 
prompt arrival of the Massachusetts 
Minute Men, who almost immediately 
on their arrival proceeded to Norfolk, 
Va., and destroyed the Gosport Navy 
Yard, to prevent its being advantage- 
ously occupied by the enemy. What of 
all this and more by the men to whom, 
when tiiey took their departure, on the 
expiration of their term of service, 
Colonel Dimmick. the regular officer in 
command of the Fortress, said in his 
speech bidding them farewell, etc.: 
"Next to Regulars, let me command 
Massachusetts Volunteers." What 

though the old Fifth and Eighth Massa- 
chusetts. M.V.M., Massachusetts Minute 
Men of 1861, occupied Annapolis, Md., 
holding and comnumding the railroads. 


Minute Men of '61 

putting the badly disabled locomotives 
and rolling stock in serviceable condi- 
tion, in short, maintaining a new route 
and line of communication between the 
Capitol at Washington and the North, 
so as to get orders, supplies and re- 
enforcements, should other lines be ob- 

History justly extolls also the per- 
formance of important and timely ser- 
vice of two other organizations of 
Massachusetts Minute Men of 1861, the 
Third Battalion of Massachusetts 
Riflemen and First Massachusetts Light 
Battery. Again the writer asks, what 
of all this mentioned duty performed? 
It is not all that was performed by these 
men, neither did Adjutant-General 
Schouler in his report to Governor John 
A. Andrews mention all, when he said: 
"They were the first to respond to the 
first call for troops by the President, 
the first to march through Baltimore to 
the defence of the Capitol, the first to 
shed their blood for the maintenance of 
our Government, the first to open the 
new route to Washington by way of An- 
napolis, the first to land on the soil of 
Virginia. They upheld the good name 
of Massachusetts during their entire 
term of service, etc., etc." 

The Massachusetts Minute Men of 
1861 was composed of the Third, Fourth, 
Fifth, Sixth and Eighth Regiments of 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, also 
the Third Battalion of Riflemen and 
First Massachusetts Light Battery. 

The foregoing organizations, augment 
ed by companies properly and really as- 
signed from other Massachusetts Mili- 
tia Regiments, and by very many vol- 
unteers to their ranks while on the 
march, constituted the Massachusetts 
Minute Men. of 1861. 

All of these mentioned facts may be 
found on history's pages, but the great 
and valuable importance of it all is 
quite impossible to pen or relate fully, 
certainly not in condensed form. 

Take, if you will, please, for consider- 
ation and thought, "the power of influ- 
ence of example," in promptness of re- 

sponse to call for duty; truly in this re- 
gard their quick response was mag- 
netic, for as the "Minute Men" marched 
along they were reinforced by volunteer 
recruits to their ranks in the streets, 
at the railroad stations and on the 
steamboat wharves. Can I go? asks one 
and another and another, addressing 
the nearest to them of the marching, 
host. The answer was: "Ask the cap- 
tain," and the captain's answer was: 
"Fall in." And so he does "fall in," 
quickly catching step to the squealing, 
fife and rattling drum. May be, if op- 
portunity offered, by some boy or man, 
he sent word to mother, sister or sweet- 
heart that he liad gone with the "Min- 
ute Men." So he was "in it" and happy 
of the chance and joyous when later he 
received his smooth bore and cartridge 
box, and in ecstasies, if in season for 
the chilly night he received a U. S. 
blanket and stiff-caped blue overcoat 
that he might cover himself while ly- 
ing on the steamer's deck or the smooth 
hardwood car seat, where as many as 
one impolite fellow was smoking, and 
all expressing their eagerness to debark 
soon in "Dixie Land." 

Another instance of response to "in- 
fluence of example," and by the cap- 
tain's welcome consent, was that of 
Charles A. Taylor, who joined the ranks 
of Lowell Company D of the Sixth 
Massachusetts Minute Men. He was 
killed in Baltimore, April 19. 

History repeats itself, for it is record- 
ed that Minute Men of 1775-6 left their 
plow in the furrow in their hasty re- 
sponse to the call for the defence of the 

So also it is true that in one of our 
Massachusetts Plymouth County towns, 
Halifax, I believe, on the morning of 
April 16, 1861, while one of the men of 
that town's Company (Company A» 
Third Regiment, M.V.M.), was hasten- 
ing to the early morning train, a clear- 
sighted farmer, plowing new ground, 
down near the meadow, hallooed to him 
as a country neighbor whom he recog- 
nized, and asked where he was going. 

Minute Men of '61 


"Going to Boston," he replied. "We got 
orders in the night to be on the Com- 
mon at ten o'clock this morning." The 
plowman, turning his head and voice in 
another direction, called some one, and 
ordered the care of the team and plow, 
for he was going to Boston with the 
Company. So saying he hastened to the 
fence on the roadside, and took his 
jacket from the fencestake, threw it 
-over his arm and accompanied his com- 
rade of the same Company to Boston 
■Common, thence to Portress Monroe, 
Va. This instance of response to "influ- 
ence by example" can be verified, as the 
names of the parties have been an- 
nounced at one of the reunions of the 
Massachusetts Minute Men of 1861. 

Following the legal election of Abra- 
ham Lincoln to the Presidency of the 
United States in 1860, and his inaugura- 
tion into that high and world-honored 
office in March, 1861, there were grave 
indications that domestic trouble was 
coming to our prosperous government. 
The greatest regret was that said trouble 
might be because of difference between 
the great Northern and Southern sec- 
tions of our dear Republic, just how, 
when or where, no one presumed to say, 
for the hope was so strong that there 
certainly would not be real war, and 
that serious differences would certainly 
be settled in some proper way to pre- 
vent a conflict of arms. And so, in 
suspense, hope and doubt balanced, for 
a comparatively few days, when sud- 
denly and like a lightning flash, the 
great cannons of war, manned by a mis- 
guided and ill-advised, hostile and re- 
bellious force, opened an intended and 
murderous fire at 4.20 a.m., April 12, 
1861, upon Fort Sumter in Chai-leston 
Harbor, South Carolina, then occupied 
by a small force of government troops. 
Like magic, or rather like electric, the 
first shot fired upon Fort Sumter prac- 
tically issued the first call for "Minute 
Men" from every loyal state. How 

quickly those of Massachusetts respond- 
ed, and what an influence was their 
example. Military men of the govern- 
ment most instantly and wisely conclud- 
ed that the short-term "Minute Men" 
could hold the military positions for a 
sufficient length of time for the govern- 
ment to enlist and muster men for a 
longer term of service, or during the 

And so it proved. But, what a rush 
in response to the call. Even for weeks 
after the "Minute Men" had left for 
and arrived at the front, so great was 
the response of men who desired to 
join the companies of their friends that 
had already gone, that Governor Andrew 
was fearful that there would not be men 
left in sufficient numbers to respond to 
the anticipated call for three years men. 
As a matter of fact, there were full 
companies of men and officers raised 
to join the regiments of their friends 
who had already gone forward as "Min- 
ute men." They reported to Governor 
Andrew in Boston, and were rejected 
for short term service, and told they 
would be received for three years term 
only. The reply was "that is all right, 
chalk us down for three years," and so 
they were "in it" as they said for three 
years, chance to travel, liable to pro- 
motion and found, or get shot. 

One Company was a little stuffy, and 
returned home on the late train, but 
they returned to Boston on the early 
morning train before any of their best 
girls saw them and accepted the Gover- 
nor's proposition. 

The writer claims that this rush of 
volunteers to service as soldiers, was by 
influence of the example of the "Minute 
Men of 1861." 

These conclusions of the writer are 
not from his own knowledge and con- 
clusions alone, but the opinion of very 
many others who were not Minute Men. 

My first term of service was as a 
"Minute Man," and when I left my vil- 
lage home, I left behind a large num- 
ber of chums of my age, and younger 
boys. I felt quite satisfied with myself 


Minute Men of '61 

as being the first one in my town to 
volunteer tliat was not connected witii 
tlie militia, but when. I returned after 
three months' service, I learned that 
all of those boys, with one, just one ex- 
ception, had gone into camp and en- 
listed for three years, or during the 
war, and the fathers of five or six of 
them had also enlisted with them. What 
did I do? Why, I did what aboat 
ninety-five per cent, of the returned 
"Minute Men of 1861" did; the i cxt 
day I went into camp and enlisted tor 
three years, or during the war. "Influ- 
ence of example" was too great for nie 
to overcome, as it had also been f^r 

Comrades of Massachusetts, Minute 
Men of 1861, consisting of the old Third, 
Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Eighth Regi- 
ments and Third Battalion of Riflemen 
and the First Massachusetts Light Bat- 
tery of the Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia of 1861, when you returned from 
your volunteer service at the front in 
response to the first call, you little knew 
and even less realized the importance 
of your duty so well performed, but 
as time rolls on that service is more 
and more realized and appreciated by a 
grateful nation. 

Today, forty-nine years since you left 
your shop, factory or workbench, or 
farm, school, college, or store, law office, 
pulpit and parish, with no time to put 
the implements of farming into the old 
shed or cornhouse, and may be left the 
plow in the furrow, and boarded the 
train for Boston, and reported to Gov- 
ernoi John A. Andrew on Boston Com- 
mon, to do with you what he chose. 
He ordered, you obeyed. You left by 
his order your dear old Bay State with 
little or no time to bid adieu to father, 
mother, brother or sisters, or young 
wife with cooing baby, or your sweet- 
heart with moistened eyes, and pink, 
cheeks; patriotic was she, as were all 
the girls of those days, proud that you 
were willing to go and serve and defend 
ycur country, fc;;t oh, hov/ sorry to bid 
you "good bye" on such an occasion. 

Truly, the real worth of your timely 
and important service, valued as it then 
was, is much more valued today, and 
will be still more so as time passes, 
and future generations will ask, as your 
children ask today, what the result 
would have been had there been a lag- 
gard and slow response to the First Call 
for troops to suppress the great rebellion 
of 1861. Can you answer the question? 
You can tell enough of the result of 
prompt reply to the war call, but not 
all. No father or mother of those 
days can tell all. They can tell much, 
but to tell all would be as impossible as 
to compute correctly the money value 
of a real "heart-aching pang of a 
mother's grief." Such grief as was fre- 
quent on the receipt of a letter from 
the forefront of the army in war time. 

ConDiianders of the Massachusetts Min- 
ute Men of 1861. 

The men who answered the First Call 
for troops were well officered, and no 
men in the service during the entire 
war showed more regard, respect and 
honor to superior officers and com- 
manders than did the Minute Men at 
all times, whether on duty or not. The 
officers were anxious that the men 
should learn every duty of a soldier, 
believing they would perform those du- 
ties to the honor and to the credit 
of all concerned, and the men were just 
as anxious to learn and to perform their 
every duty. The results of all these 
truths are today well known. 

The Commanders of the Massachu- 
setts Minute Men of 1861 were well 
known in Massachusetts and in Massa- 
chusetts Milita service prior to taking 
their commands to the front — very 
many of the men were neighbors and 
townsmen at home with those who, in 
military service, were of high rank and 
were their commanders. While it is 
true that more than ninety-five per cent, 
of the privates and non-commissioned 
oflBcers of the Minute Men re-entered 
the service for longer term, so it is 
true that as large a per cent, of their 

Minute Men of '61 


commissioned officers and commanders 
re-entered tlie service and won honors 
tiiat are recorded in liistory today to tlie 
great credit and honor of Massachusetts. 

Every commander of the Massachu- 
setts Minute Men who answered the 
"First Call of 1861."" namely. Gen. B. 
F. Butler of the M.V.M.; Col. David 
W. Wardrop, Third » Regiment, M.V.M.; 
Col. Abner B. Packard, Fourth Regi- 
ment, M.V.M.; Col. Samuel C. Lawrence. 
Fifth Regiment, M.V.M.; Col. Edward 
F. Jonjes, Sixth Regiment. M.V.M.; Col. 
Edward W. Hinks. Eighth Regiment, 
M.V.M.; Ma.ior Charles Devens, .Jr., 
Third Battalion of Riflemen, M.V.M., 
and Major Asa M. Cook, First Light 
Battery, M.V.M., all re-entered the serv- 
ice and performed noble and notable 

The Minute Men's service was a 
school to both officers and men, to the 
great benefit of the Government during 
the entire war; it revealed and brought 
out the previously hidden qualifications 
for military service of war time; hun- 
dieds of officers won honors and rank, 
subsequent to their service as Minute 
Men. as did also many hundreds of the 
non-commissioned officers and men. 
History records their deeds, not only to 
the honor of themselves and family 
name, but to the great honor of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts. 

Of the eight ofiBcers last named, four, 
namely : General Butler, Colonel Ward- 
rop, Colonel Lawrence and Colonel Hinks, 
have been commanders of the Association 
of Massachusetts Minute Men of 1861. 

One of our Past Commanders of the 
Association of Massachusetts, Minute Men 
ot 1861, Colonel George W. Nason, justly 
called the Father of said As.sociation, 
served in the old Fifth Regiment of 
Massachusetts Minute Men under Colonel 
(later General) Samuel G. Lawrence. 
He participated in the first great battle of 
the war, at First Bull Run, or Manassas, 
Va., July 21, etc., 1861 in which the regi- 
ment lost severely in killed and wounded, 
and aboiit thiity of its men taken pris- 
oners. In this battle Colonel Lawrence 

was wounded. Comrade Nason was one 
of those bearing Colonel Lawrence to the 
rear. Returning to front receivi-d two 
wounds, all of this was after tlie term of 
service of the Regiuient liad expired. 
The subsequent services of the Regiment 
during its term was indeed of great im- 
portance, constructing Fort Kllsworth at 
Alexandria and other defences, in addi- 
tion to regular drill and picket dutv. 

Comrade Nason was one of the wounded 
and taken prisoner in tliis first great 
battle of "Manassas," with few others of 
his comrades, including Captain James H. 
Griggs, Past Commander of the Associa- 
tion of "Minute Men." Comrade Nason, 
by great advantage of heavy fog and 
darkness which pervaded the battlefield to 
escape and rejoined his Regiment. While 
his comrade Griggs more severely 
wounded was taken to "Libby" at Rich- 
mond by the Confederates. During Com- 
rade Nason 's stay within the enemies 
lines, he had good opportunities of tak- 
ing in, or observing the formation of the 
battle lines on both sides, all the time 
hoping and planning to make his escape, 
as he did. He is an observing man, and 
from his knowledge of the battlefield of 
the first battle of Manassas, July 21, etc., 
in 1861 and from what he learned then, 
and since, he has always declared that 
battle, as a "draw game," and that it is 
a well established fact that the enemy 
had received orders to retreat, just before 
the Union troops were ordered to do so, 
and the enemy learning this fact returned 
to the scene of action, and held the battle- 
field, both armies having commenced a 
retreat. Comrade Nason, after expira- 
tion of his term of service as a Minute 
Man of 1861, re-entered the service, serv- 
ing in Twenty-Third Regiment Ma.ssa- 
chusetts Volunteers. Temporarily de- 
tailed for Naval service with the Burnside 
Roanoke expedition, afterwards on duty 
in Provost Marshals Department and as 
Colonel of the New Berne Fire Depart- 
ment Regiment as recorded on history's 
proud pages. 

The following-named also distinguished 
soldiers of the war, wlio first served with 
the Massachusetts Minute Men of 1861, 


Minute Men of '61 

are honored Past Coiinnanders of said 
Association. Their names and noble 
records are known' by the Commonwealth: 
Col. Henry Walker, Lt. Col. Benj. F. 
Watson, Gen. Augustus P. Martin, Capt. 
James H. Osgood, Capt. James H. Griggs, 
Capt. John P. Reynolds, Col. George W. 
Nason, Gen. Samuel K. Chamberlain, 
Capt. Jos. H. Gleason, Lieut. Elisha N. 
Pierce, Maj. G. A. J. Coligan, Maj. Aus- 
itin S. Cushman, vSergt. John Frank Giles, 
Sergt. Benj. S. Atwood, Gen. Benj. F. 
Peach, Sergt. James H. Nason, Capt. 
George A. Read, Comrade George H. 
Cavanaugh and Maj. John H. Norton for 

Po'a'cr of Iiifliit'ucc of Example. 

Captain William S. Mv.Farlin's Com- 
pany K, of the old Third Regiment of 
Massachusetts Minute Men was on Boston 
common at ten o'clock on the morning of 
April 16, 1861, in answer to the "First 
call" received by its captain about mid- 
night of the fiftieth and by his boys of his 
company (scattered as they were in the 
little town of Carver) any old hour before 
morning sunrise of the sixtieth, they 
boarded the first train six miles away at 
Tremont for Boston, seven o'clock, from 
thence they proceded to Fortress Monroe, 
Virginia, and from then paid their re- 
spects to Gusport Navy Yard, warmed 
their feet, returned to Fortress Monroe 
and remounted the big guns and musters, 
that had for the sake of Peace rolled down 
the parapets of the Fortress into the 
ordnance-park. After returning home 
on the expiration of termjof service as 
Minute Men Captain McFarlin found the 
home of returned boys (Carver and 
vicinity) a ready field for volunteers "for 
the war." He therefore organized and 
enlisted another company, and returned 
to the front with them as captain, and re- 
ported as Company C, to the Eighteenth 
Regiment Mas.sachusettSjVolunteers at the 

Many of the boys of his former com- 
pany of Minute Men re-enlisted and re- 
turned with him. It was J somehow a 
fashion in those days for about ninety-- 
five per cent of the Minute Men to re-en- 

list, sort of in the air, by example, (no 
patriotism about it.) In Capt. McFarliu's 
Company C, of the Pvighteenth Ma.ssachu- 
setts Regiment of Volunteers, were two 
pair of twins. Thirteen other pairs of 
brothers one instance of three brothers, 
and four fathers w'ith one son each, all in 
one compau}- ! ! " Isn 't that going some? ' ' 
What about the influence of example of 
the Minute Men of Massachusetts with 
the boys and men of old Plymouth 
countv. Captain William S. McFarlin 
was born in vSouth Carver, Plymouth 
countv, Mass., now resides in Middleboro, 
Mass., and will be eighty-three years of 
age July 11, 1910. 

' ' Citizen Thom.\s, ' ' 

Brockton, Mass. 

As a Matter of Record. 
It was a member of the Massachusetts 
Minute Men's association who September 
11, 1898 erected a monument of .stone, to 
Colonel Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough 
Riders, far in the great Mammoth Cave of 
Kentuckv. The honor was acknowledged 
by Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, now Ex- 
President, by a very kindly letter to the 
old veteran soldier of Massachusetts. 

In the Union army 1861-5 there were 
110,070 killed or mortall}- wounded and 
275,175 woimded. 

It is given as truth, that the descriptive 
lists of soldiers in the Union army 1861-5 
show but one per cent with gray hair. 
What is the color of yours today? 

Colonel Dimmock, the regular officer, 
in command of Fort Monroe, Va., in 1861, 
in his farewell to the Minute Men when 
they boarded the steamer to return home, 
on the expiration of their term of service, 
said, "Next to regulars, let me command 
Massachusetts Volunteers. ' ' 

The members of the Massachusetts 
Minute Men of 1861 can point with great 
pride to their list of Past Commanders, 
also to their own individual records. 

Minute Men of '61 


Past Pres. Bknjamin K. Butlkr 

Minute Men of '61 

Maj. Gen. U. S. Vol. 

General Benjamin Franklin Butler, born 
at Deerfield, X. H., November 5, 1818, 
was a prominent citizen and lawyer at 
Lowell, Mass., and an officer in the Massa- 
chusetts Militia. The prompt response of 
the Minute Men of Massachusetts of which 
he was a member sent a chill to the hearts 
of rebel sympathizers; appointed Brigadier- 
General Massachusetts Volunteers April 
17, 1861. Took possession of Annapolis, 
Md., April 21, gaining possession of the 
ship, "Constitution" and opening the 
route to Washington, entered and occupied 
Baltimore May 13, made Major General 
United States Volunteers May 16, 1861. 
Assigned to command of Fortress Monroe 
and Department of Eastern Virginia; cap- 
tured Forts Hatteras and Clark, N. C, 
August, 1861; engaged in organizing an 
expedition for Gulf of Mexico and the 
Mississippi; took possession of New 
Orleans, La. , May 1, 1862 at its capture by 
naval forces. Placed in command of De- 
partment of Virginia and North Carolina 
and the Army of the James, November, 
1863; occupied City Point and Bermuda 
Hundred, Va., May 5, 1864. It was Gen- 
eral Butler who first declared the negro 
contraband of war, thus making a great 
change in condition of military affairs. 
Placed in command of militar}- forces in 
New York city during the riots of October, 
1864; commanded the expedition against 

Fort Fisher, N. C, December, 1864. His 
services for his country are well known to 
a grateful people. 

He resigned November 30, 1865. 
Elected Governor of Massachusetts, 1883. 
Died at Washington, D. C, January 11, 





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ik .^ 



1^ ^ 





George A. Washburn (deceased) 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E. 4th Mass. Regt. 

George A. Washburn, born February 5, 
1836. Sergeant of Company E, Fourth 
Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Mili- 
tia, April 16 to July 22, 1861. Entered 
Twenty-Second Massachusetts Volunteers 
as First Lieutenant. Was severely 
wounded at battle of Gaines' Mill, June 
27, 1862; was captured and held at Libby 
Prison. Promoted Captain July 11, 1862. 
Discharged for disability on account of 
wounds received in action to date, January 
5, 1863. Enjo\-s the respect and affection 
of survivors of the Fourth and Twenty- 
Second Regiments. Died February 24, 


Minute Men of '61 

Thomas L/Owery, on his mother's side, 
was a member of Provincial Congress of 
Hvintington County in 1775. He was 
commissioned June IS, 1776, and in 1780 
when the Ami}- greatly needed supplies, 
his wife was one of the ten women to 
operated with women of other counties to 
solicit contributions. In twelve days they 
raised fifteen thousand four hundred and 
eight dollars. 

Mary Ivowery was one of the thirteen 
young ladies who scattered^ floral treasures 
in Washington's pathway in Trenton, 
New Jersey, April 1789 enroute to his 
inauguration. Mr. Henry is still a resi- 
dent of New Bern, N. C, where he is en- 
gaged in the retail drug business. His 
son, David P. Henry was a captain in the 
United States armj' during the Spanish 
war and is now the manager of the well 
known clothing house of Browning" King 
& Co., Boston. 

Thomas A. Hexrv 

jNIiiiute Men of '61 
Co. D, 14th N. Y. 

Thomas Allison Henry, born February 
1839 in Somerville, N. J. Enlisted in 
Company D, 14th New York State Militia, 
Minute Men of "61, was afterwards ap- 
pointed Hospital Steward in the United 
States Navy, returning from Cadiz, Spain, 
with sick soldiers, he removed to New 
Bern, North Carolina and was assigned 
to dut}- with the Provost Marshall until 
the close of the war. 

Was collector of customs for the district 
of Pamplice, at New Bern. For many 
years assistant editor of the New Bern 
Daily Times. Is Past Master of St. John's 
Lodge No. 3, F. & A. M., Past High 
Priest of the New Bern Chapter R. A. M., 
Past Commander of St. John's Com- 
mandery, K. T. , a member of the Scottish 
Rite bodies and Oasis Temple of Char- 
lottle. North Carolina. 

His grandfather on his father's side was 
conspicuous in the war of 1812, and Mott's 
History of Huntington County, New Jer- 
sey, gives an extended account of the 
conspicuous part played by his relatives in 
that war. His grandfather, Colonel 

Minute Men of '61 


James E. Bates. \\'lutmaii. :\Iass. 

aiiiiiite :\Ieii of '61 
4th Mass. Sergt. 3.Sth Mass. Vols. 

James E. Bates, born in South Wey- 
mouth, Mass., January 17, 1837. Entered 
service April, 1861, in Company E, Fourth 
M.V.M., for three months; serving at 
Fortress INIonroe, Newport News, and 
Hampton, ^'a.; mustered out at Boston 
Harbor July 22, 1861. Re-enlisted July 
24,^ 1862, in Company C, Thirty-Eighth 

Massachusetts Vohinteers, for three years. 
Promoted First Sergeant August, 1862; 
First Lieutenant June 27, 1865. -Was with 
Regiment in the following engagement: 
Battle of Bisland, La.; the two assaults 
upon Port Hudson, La., May and June, 
1353; Siege of that .stronghold forty-five 
days; battle of Cane River, La. Mustered 
out at Savannah, Ga., June 30, 1865. He 
considers the promptness with which the 
Minute Men of '61 answered the call of 
Lincoln, the occupation of Fortress Mon- 
roe by the Minute Men of '61, and the part 
the Thirty-Eighth Regiment took in open- 
ing Mississippi River as among important 
events of his army service. 

Comrade Bates makes no claim to an 
exceptional record of service as a soldier, 
but takes a just pride in the conscious feel- 
ing that he had an humble part as a Min- 
ute Man of '61, and later as a citizen sol- 
dier in the ranks, in the conflict and sacri- 
fice that throttled, J^treason, crushed a 
reasonless rebellion, overthrew human 
slavery under a free flag, saved the coun- 
tr}- to its larger and better liberty, estab- 
lished forever an enduring Union of Free 
States, and made the one flag — Old Glory 
— to be honored by the whole world. 

A charter member of Post 78, Whitman; 
was Adjutant and Commander several 
years; representative National Encamp- 
ment, 1891; the Counsel of Administration 
Department Massachusetts, 1893, and 
Postmaster at Whitman, Mass., four years 
under President Harrison. 


Minute Men of '61 

Mercer V. Tillson 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. E. 4th Mass., Also Si^fnal Corps U. S. Army 

Mercer V. Tillson born in Pembroke, 
Mass., Oct. 19, 1837, member of Company 
B, Fourth Massachusetts Regiment. In 
March 1864 re-enlisted in the Signal 
Corps United States Army, June 7 and 
with fifty-five others were sent from camp 
of instruction, Georgetown, D. C, to Fort 
Ivcavenworth, Kansas. In the fall of 
1864 General Price raided Montana and 
the signal detachment was assigned to 
duty with General Pleasanton and Curtis, 
pursuing Price into the Indian Territory. 
Early in 1865 the Sioux, Cheyannes and 
Arapohoes Indians became hostile and we 
were sent with the Powder River Fxpedi- 
tion in pursuit of them. The country was 
destitute of wood, water and grass and 
with severe cold storms we lost much of 
our stock. Colonel Cole's Division had 
one hundred and fifty six mule wagons, 
we arrived at Fort Ivarmie with only fifty. 
Our sixty days rations had been consumed 
and for seventeen days the men had but 
little to subsist on. General P. F. Conner 
had the supplies and sent a company to 
find our command and get rations to us. 

In the meantime we were nearly every 
day attacked by the Indians. After a 
lampaign of several months we returned 
to Fort L/eavenworth and were discharged 
December 9, 1865. My great grand- 
fathers, John Tillson and Benjamin Parris 
was in the Revolutionary war. Residence 
is South Hanson, Mass. 

vSamuel v. Stillings 

Minute Men of '61 
1st Dist. Columbia Vols. 

Samuel V. Stillings was born February 
29, 1838, at Washington, D. C. , where he 
learned mechanical engineering in the 
United States Navy Yaid. Was a member 
of the First District of Columbia Cadets; 
was afterwards in photograph and art sup- 
ply business on Bromfield street, Boston; 
at first call of President Lincoln he has- 
tened to his command and served as one 
of the Mintite Men of '61; after the war he 
returned to Boston re-establishing his busi- 
ness of photography, which he conducted 
for several j-ears; afterwards engaged in 
the hotel business at Woods Hole, Mass., 
until his death, February 28, 1897, where 
his widow now resides. 

Minute Men oe '61 


Charles M. Pikk, Worcester, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

16th Ohio Regt., 51st Ohio Regt. and 9th Ohio Cav. 

Charles M. Pike was born in Cleveland, 
Ohio, August 4, 1843, of revolutionary an- 
cestors. His father moved to Roscoe, 
Ohio, about 1848. When President Lin- 
coln'first called for troops April 15, 1861, 

he enlisted in Company A, Sixteenth 
Ohio, which was one of the Regiments to 
cross the Ohio River in the advance upon 
Grafton, West Virginia, vender General 
(reorge B. McClellan in May 1861. On 
June 3, 1861 they participated in the first 
battle of the Civil War, Phillippa, West 
Virginia. They took an active part in all 
McClellan and Roscoe 's movements in 
West Virginia until August 18, 1861, 
when they were discharged from service 
by reason of expiration of service. 

He re-enlisted September 10, 1861, in 
Company H, Fifty-first Regiment, O.V.I. , 
and discharged for disability July 15, 
1862, re-enlisted in Company M, Ninth 
o.V.C, July 22, 1863 and was discharged 
July 20, 1865, end of war. During his two 
\ ears service in this Regiment he had one 
horse killed and one wounded, was in the 
saddle nearly every day, was sixteen da\s 
inside the rebel lines, was sent to burn a 
railroad in central Alabama and to cut 
off supplies from Johnson's army in 
Atlantic. Was actively engaged in the 
Atlantic campaign. He marched with 
Sherman to the sea and through the Caro- 
linas under General Judson Kilpatrick. 
Some years later he came east and is now 
residing in Worcester, Mass. 


Minute Men of '61 

Geo. W. Burke, Melrose, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

1st N. H. 3d Mass. Cav. 

George Wallace Burke was born in 
Nashua, N. H., December 12, 1842. 
Enlisted April 19, 1861, served under Gen- 
eral Patterson at Harper's Ferry and in 
the West Virginia campaign in the Shen- 
andoah Valley; discharged at Concord, 
N. H., Au.gust 9, 1861, by reason of expir- 
ation of term of service; worked at his 
trade in Boston, for James Boyd & Son, 
making army equipments, until his second 
enlistment on September 30, 1861, in 
(Read's Company of Mounted Rifle Rang- 
ers), the first company of Unattached 
Cavalry, Massachusetts Volunteers, said 
company was afterwards merged into the 
Third Massachusetts Cavalry, in camp at 
Lowell, Mass. , until January 2, 1862, when 
he went on board the steamship, " Consti- 
tution " in Boston Harbor; after waiting in 
Boston Harbor eleven days left for Fort- 
ress Monroe; had measles and small pox, 
and all hands were put ashore and the 
ship fumigated; after a stay there, went to 
Ship Island, Miss., camping there till 
about May 5, went to New Orleans, was 

George W. Burke, Melrose Highlands, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

1st N. H. Vol. 3d Mass. Cav. 

there during a part of the time. General 
Butler Ijeing in command of the city and 
army located in Ivouisiana; was injured in 
New Orleans May 10, by his horse falling 
in the street, and after serving on light 
duty with the Provost Guard; was dis- 
charged at New Orleans on June 28, by 
reason of disabilit}-; enlisted twice after 
that and wascenscripted, but failed to pass. 
a medical examination; engaged in the 
business of harness making, in Chelsea, 
and in Boston, and lived in Chelsea until 
May, 1883, when he went to Melrose 
Highlands to live, has been there since; 
engaged in the real estate and insurance 
business; a member of Mystic Ivodge 
I. O. O. F., having been made an Odd 
Fellow in March, 1865, a member of Star 
of Bethlehem Lodge, F. A. M., having 
been raised on June 17, 1874, a member of 
Bay State Lodge A. O. U. W. and U. S. 
Grant Post 4, G-A-R Department of 
Massachusetts; a mvich interested member 
of the Minute Men's Association. 

Minute Men of '61 


Philip Koempel 
Minute Men of '61 
First Conn. Vols. 

Philip Koempel was born in Wiesbaden, 
Germany, in March 184(X He received a 
liberal education and came to this country 
at the age of seventeen. In 1859 he went 
to New Haven, Conn., to learn the wood 
carving trade. In response to the first 
call for troops for three months he en- 
listed in Company B, First Connecticut 
Volunteers (Bridgeport Rifles). Was at 
the first battle of Biill Run, July 21, 1861. 
He re-enlisted October 15, 1861 in Com- 
panj' B, First Connecticut Cavalry and 
was promoted to Corporal INIarch 1, 1863 

and to Sergeant May 21, 1864. In 
February, 1862, he served with his battal- 
ion under General Fremont in the Shen- 
andoah campaign, taking part in the 
battles of McDowall's Station, Cross Keys 
and the night attack on Ashby's Cavalrj' 
at Strasburg, Va. Coming under General 
Pope's command he participated in the 
battles including Cedar Mountain, Water- 
loo Bridge and the second battle of Bull 

In 1863 the battalion was increased to a 
Regiment, and after the Tjattle of Gettj-s- 
burg crossed the Potomac at Harper's 
Ferry, driving the enemy from Bolivar 
Heights and Halltown and capturing 
many prisoners. 

In May, 1864, the cavalry of the army 
of the Potomac under General Philip 
Sheridan on his Richmond Raid, taking" 
part in the fights at Beaver Dam Station , 
Yellow Tavern, Strawberry Plains, 
Meadow Bridge, Ashland, Virginia, etc. 
On the so-called Wilson's raid, to the 
Richmond, Danville and South side rail- 
road, the command had a severe fight at 
Rean's station, Va., June 29, 1864. 
Ditring that engagement Sergeant 
Koempel was surrounded and captvired. 

He was sent to Andersonville prison 
where he remained until September, 1864, 
enduring untold hardships. After the fall 
of Atlanta, he was removed to Charles- 
ton, thence to Florence, S. C, where he 
remained until he was paroled February 
14, 1865. He was finally mustered out of 
the service, August 5, 1865. He joined 
U. S. Grant Post 327, G-A-R in Brooklyn, 
N. Y., in 1886, in which city he now 


Minute Men oe '61 

Minute Men of '61 


William H. Nason, Franklin, Mass. Died. 1S96 Albert D. Nason, Franklin and Spring-field, Mass- 

Minnie Men of '61 Minnte Men of 'bl 

Adjt. Gen. office, 18th Mass. Vols. 5tli Corps. Corp. Co. C, 45tli Vols. Died, Nov. 9. 1903 

Charles H. Nason, 

Minute Men of '61 

1st R. I.. Co. F. at age of 14, and U. S, Signal Corps 

GEOjtGE ENRY NASON, Roxhurv, INIass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Afterwards Co. K, 35tfi Mass. Vols. 


Minute Men ["of '61 

.Mathkw (T. JJ Kkknax (ISol)] 
Minute Men of '61 
13th N. Y. S. Mil. Co. H, 13th N. Y. Mil. 3y. 

.M.\THi;\\' li'.J; Kj;k.\.\n. Jamaica I'lain il'^'u/} 

:Minute Men of '61 

Co. F, 13th N. Y. S. Mil. Co. H. 13th N. \'.S. Mil. 3y. 




Col. Ceorge W. Na.son 

Minute Men of '61 

5th Reg-t. Vol.s. 

Philip T. Gruly. Bo.ston, 
Minute Men of '61 
United States Navy 

Minute Men' of '61 


Sergt. William J. B( wkx Xcwti n Centre 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. r. 3.1 Battalion Rifles 

Anjavine \V. Cray, Brownfield, :Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. D. M Battalion, also llth Re.Kt. Maine Vol? 

I,T. Col. Benjamin F. Watson. -445 Park Ave.X.V. . Ci.uRi.K A. J. Col(.an. Boston. Mas.'^ 

Minute Men of fil Minute Men of 'ol 

6th Regt. Past Pre.*. Minute Men Association Co. K, 6tli Mass. 42cl Regt. Mass. Vols. 


Minute Men of '61 

Maj. Au TIN S. CusHMAN, New Bedford, Mass. Fred A. O'Connor, Newton Hi-hlauds, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 Minute Men of '61 

United States Navy 

.;oi . David W. Wardrop 

Minute Men of '61 

3d Mass. Regt.Col. 99th N.Y. Regt. Brig. Gen. U.S. V. 

Rev. Edw.\rd A. Horton. Boston, Mass. 
Minute Men of '61 
United States Navy 

Minute Men of '61 


Ambrosk E. Burvside 

Minute Men of '61 

1st Rhode Island Regt. Maj. Cen. V. S. Vol. 

Dr. T. Oi:i..\i' Smith, Ko.xljury, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

First Rhode Island '\'olunteers 

Charles I<. Ne\vh.\ll. SonthhridKe. Mass. 
Minute Men of '61 
United States Navy 

Q. M. and Tric.vs. J. Fr.ank Giles 

Minute Men of '61 

5th Mass. Regt. SerRt. Maj. Mass. H. A. 


MiNJTE Men of '61 

Col. Edward F. Jones 

Minute Men of '61 

6th Mass. Afterwards Brig-. Gen. U. S. Vols. 


.. -r.^^-*! 

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» • 

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"m^^H^^' ^ 





V ^ 






Gi:.x. Ax'iU'STr.'- 1'. M.^ktix 
Miiuite Men of '61 
Brig Gen^ U. S. V. 

John A. I^e.'^ch, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

4th Mass. 7tli Mass. ^'ol. Regt. 


Minute Men of '61 

Among the various veteran military or- 
ganizations, the INIinute Men of 1861 seem 
to have become the most popular among 
our people. As the name implies, its 
members are those who responded at a 
minute's notice to the first call of Presi- 
dent Ivincoln and Governor Andrew, April 
15, 1861; many of them merchants, me- 
chanics, business men and students, went 
direct from their places of business to 
Faneuil Hall, thence to Washington, 

l)ut mostly in citizen's attire, armed to 
protect our flag and the national capital. 
Many of these men did not have time to 
see their wives or children before hasten- 
ing away; some were school boys and left 
school books and dinner pails in their 
ha.ste to get to the front. It is to these 


for preserving our country and national 
honor. One of our popular historians has 
written: " A delay of a half hour in the 
arrival of the Minute Men in Washington 
would have found our capital and the 
archives of our government in the hands 
of the rebels, who would at once have been 
recognized by England and France," 
enemies of our country. Witli this state 
of affairs it would have been nearly impos- 
sible for our government to have again 

estal)lished itself among the nations of the 

The Minute Men put themselves to the 
front, and gave our government time to 
catch its Ijreath. The Ma.ssachusetts Min- 
ute Men of '61 consisted of seven separate 
organizations, viz.: 

First Massachusetts Light Battery, one 
hundred and eighteen men, conmianded 
In- Captain Asa M. Cook. 

Third Battalion of Riflemen, three hun- 
dred and eighteen men; commanded by 
Major Charles Devens, Jr. (Late Judge 
Devens ). 

Third Regiment Massachusetts Infantry, 
four hundred and forty-seven men; com- 
manded by the late Colonel David W. 

Fourth Regiment Infantry, six hundred 
and thirty-five men; commanded by Colo- 
nel Abner B. Packard. 

Fifth Regiment Mas.sachusetts Volun- 
teer Infantry, eight hundred and twenty- 
nine men; conmianded by Colonel vSamuel 
C. Lawrence. 

Sixth Regiment Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Infantry, seven hundred and forty- 
seven men; commanded Ijy Colonel 
Edward F. Jones. 

Eighth Regiment Infantr\-, seven hun- 
dred and eleven men; commanded by 
Timothy Munroe, afterwards by the late 
Colonel Edward W. Hincks. 

This made a total of thirty-eight hun- 
dred and five men. vSome of our friends 
have had an idea that these Minute Men 
were only three months in the service of 
our country, but at their first camp-fire in 
Faneuil Hall, Boston, 1887, it was shown 
that of the eight hundred and fift\-three 
Minute Men present, 


in defense of our flag and country; four 
hundred and eighty-six, or over half, hav- 
ing had experience at the front, were 
made .officers in new regiments and bat- 
teries. With this ratio it would appear 
that over two thousand of these Minute 
Men were made officers and did nuich for 

the discipline and instruction of new regi- 




<^ ^w:« pp-i^ 

^^' ■ ^^>-,- 



<ot .-"•>» <f» 

- .iDJe-,^.^'^ 

Minute Men of '61 



To measure the full effect and import- 
ance of the rally of the Minute Men is 
well-nigh impossible. Let me try to out- 
line my estimate of this vanguard move- 
ment of the patriots of the North, at the 
opening of the Civil War. 

The first call revealed, as in a flash of 
clear light, the reserve of patriotism and 
the suppl}' of loyalty that is on hand in 
our Republic. Equipments of all kinds 
were lacking, but not lacking were cour- 
age and devotion to country. It did not 
need to be manufactured, to be created by 
artificial means. The citizens of a free 
land, such as ours, do a great deal of 
thinking; they have convictions, and the 
courage of them. When the crisis broke, 
and the challenge came, our response was 
prompt, because we had thought over the 
issues and the duty long before the firing 
of Sumter's gun of reljellion. The North 
was not ready in military and naval 
resources, but the decision, back of gun 
and sword, was in full existence. That 
spirit was a resolute loyalt}-. 

Then, too, this promptness in 1861 
aroused others and encouraged them to a 
similar action. The sight of the first vol- 
imteers, going out with brave, cheerful 
bearing, set the example. It kindled 
valor in those who might have been hesi- 
tating; it stirred admiration and created an 
emulous desire, it was an object lesson to 
the awakening people of the threatened 
North. Suppose reluctance and cowardice 
had been the response ; suppose tardy 
recruits had been the answer to Lincoln's 
call, what a difTerence. Not only the 
shame of it, but the moral effect upon the 
North. But, no, a thrill of pride ran 
through our towns and cities, and fire 
kindled fire of enthusiasm. 

Again, we saw later on that out of these 
early recruits and this force of minute men, 
was developed a trained and seasoned Ijody 
of soldiers who enlisted at once again, and 
served with ability such as comes only from 
experience. An enlisted man, without 
knowledge of actual war, must make up in 
youth, or enthusiasm what he surely lacks 
in training. But that involves risks and 
hardships and dire mistakes. The minute 
men plunged boldly into fighting affairs, 
some with a slight knowledge of the militia 
habits, some without, a few well versed. 
When they had served their terms of en- 
listment with fine records of dutv noblv 

done, they were prepared to do a larger 
service, and to lead others, and the 
less qualified. So this ' ' first call ' ' experi- 
ence proved a great aid to the gathering 
ranks of the Northern army, the volun- 
teers having been tested and taught in 
the fiery school of the beginning cam- 

Shall we not say, also, that this prompt- 
ness, this alacrity of so fearless 
and whole-hearted, impressed the vSouth? 
could it be otherwise? The people of that 
region had grown to underestimate the 
valor and self-sacrificing character of our 
Northern men and women. They sneared 
at our supposed idolatry of the dollar. 
They predicted cowardice and servilitv on 
our part, if the contest really came, and 
we were confronted with the stern de- 
mands of war. They e.steemed themselves 
the "chivalric," heroic and superior class 
of our countrymen. The reply to the 
"first call" surprised them. They did 
not believe that Abraham Lincoln would 
be brave enough to go forward and face 
them with troops. They did not think his 
"call " would be su.stained, after it was 
issued. But their suppositions fell to the 
ground, — Linjoln and the " oiud.sills " of 
the North were alike, they were not afraid, 
they were ready to stand at any cost of 
treasure and life for the Union. 

( )ne more statement as to the moral and 
material effect of the splendid action of 
the Minute Men of '61. They averted 
many calamities, and they nipped many 
formidable plans in the bud. The value 
of promptness was finely illustrated in 
this hi.story of the opening act of the great 
war drama. Some sad things happened 
through our .state of un preparedness, but 
some other things were cared for, thanks 
to the first volunteers. No one can tell 
what might have been, had the first de- 
fenders failed in celerit}- of action and in 
vigilance of purpose. They were in 
earnest, they were awake to the situation , 
they checked the advances of the enemv 
springing with confidence to capture the 
very heart of our country. A quick and 
sufiBcient luilwark were they against the 
rising tide of sedition. Their deeds gave 
hope to the dismaj'ed North, and provided 
time for the proper arrangement of our 

Time with appreciative touch will keep 
the annals of the Minute Men of '61 for- 
ever bright. Mas.sachusetts has no richer 
treasures in her keeping than the memor- 
ies and inspirations of their services. 
These men continued the quickening his- 
tory of old time valor in this Common- 
wealth, and they renewed the .sources of a 
of lofty patriotism. 

Enw.^RD A. HoRTox. 


MiNUTic Men of '61 

Wii.LARi) D. Ti;iPl\ Newtcii, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

4th Mass. Col. ^^th Mass. Vols. 

Willard Dean Tripp was born September 
14, 1838, in New Bedford Mass. vSon of 
Willard and Rhoda ( Dean) Tripp. Pater- 
nal ancestor, John Tripp, came from Eng- 
land to Plymonth Colony in 1625. Mater- 
nal ancestor, Edward Winslow, 3d. Gov- 
ernor of Plymouth Colony. Removed 
with parents to Taunton in 1847. En- 
listed as a private in the Taunton Ivight 
Guards, Company G, Fourth M.V.M 
August 5, 1857. Warned at six a.m. April 
16, 1861, to report for duty at seven a.m. 
His father, noticing his excited condition, 
volunteered to advance any sum that 
might be required to pay the fine, if he 
did not respond to the call, but added, ' ' if 
I was of your age and had your opportu- 
nity I would not part with it for money." 
Reported at Armory at 7.15 a.m., being 
the first member of the Company to report 
in uniform and equipped ready for duty. 
Promoted to Fourth Corporal by Captain 
Timothy Gordon while in route to Boston. 

Mustered into United vStates service at 
P'ortress Munroe, Va., April 22, 1861. 
Company G was the first company of 
I'nion volunteer soldiers to land on the 
sacred soil of Virginia, April 20, 1861, and 
on June 10, 1861, Company G was one of 
the five Massachusetts Companies of the 
Fourth Regiment to engage in the 
l)attle of the war at Great Bethel, Va. 
Mustered out July 22, 1861, at Long 
Island, Boston Harbor, In- expiration of 
service. Engaged in recruiting service 
until commissioned as Captain of the 
Twenty-Ninth Massachusetts Infanty Vol- 
unteers, December 13, 1861 and assigned 
to the command of Companies F and G, 
stationed at^ Camp Pierce, Pawtucket, 
Mass., December 14, 1861. January 16, 
1862, in command of Companies F", G and 
H, proceeded to Newport News, Va., and 
completed the organization of the Twent}*- 
Ninth Massachusetts Infantry Volunteers, 
January 20, 1862 and assigned to command 
of Company F. Served with the Regi- 
ment in its various campaigns and partici- 
pated in the following engagements: 

Monitor and Merrimac Hampton, Nor- 
folk, Gaines Mills. Peach (3rchard, Sav- 
age's Station, White Oak Swamp, Glen- 
dale, Malvern Hill, Second Bull Run, 
douth Mountain, Snicker's Gap, Antie- 
tam, Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, Jackson, 
Shady grove, Bethesda Church, Cold Har- 
bor, Petersburg Camp and the Crator. 

From October, 1863 to April, 1864, was 
on detached service in command of Con- 
valescent Camp, Crab Orchard, Ky. In 
the Petersburg campaign was in command 
of Regiment at T; Battle of Crater and at 
other times. Colonel Joseph H. Barnes 
1:)eing in command of the Brigade. Pro- 
moted to Lieutenant- Colonel October 12, 
1864, and mustered out December 13, 

Member of State Constably in 1867, 
Massachusetts Commandery Loyal Legion 
and Charles Ward Post 62, G-A-R, New- 
ton. An employe of. State Board of Char- 
itv October 1, 1867, and still in service. 

Minute Men of '61 


Victor O. Freeman, Whitman, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I, Sixth Mass Regt. 

Victor (). Freeman was born September 
12, 1841 and educated in public schooLs of 
BuiTalo, N. Y. He served three terms of 
enlistments 1861-5. He was in most of 
the en,t,^ageinents in which his Regiment 
took part, was slightly wounded at Brandy 
station, June 9, 1863, but as his only 
brother, John B. Freeman was badh' 
wounded in the shoulder his own woi:nd 
Avere as nothing". John B. I'reeman was 
a brave and dashing A-oung man of 21 
years. He was killed at Aldie, Va., June 
17, 1863, in attempt to save comrades and 
himself from capture. He was 1)uried in 
Aldie under the Regimental monument 
May 11, 1864. 

\'ictor (J. F'reeman received a liad gun 
shot wound in the right thigh at Jeruslem 
plank road, Va., Sept. 16, 1864. Re- 
litrned to Regiment- after recovering in 
time to be at the finish. In October 1866 
married to Mary E. Hines. They have 
seven children living namelv : Lvman 
W., Charles K., Albert R.,' Johii B., 
Hilda J., Mary E. and Anna P. Freeman. 
Alljert R. Freeman served two years in 
Company H, 45, U. S. Volunteer Infantry 
in the Philippine Islands ; discharged as 
orderly sergeant. 

Geo. DrNB..\R, East Weymouth. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 
Co. I. 4th Mass.. Co. I), 42d Mass. Vols. 

George Dunbar was l)orn in Hingham, 
Mass., November 14, 1838, was ediicated 
in the public schools of that town where 
his ancestors had resided since 1652, his 
great grandfather, Daniel Dunbar, was in 
the Revolutionary War. The mother of 
George Dunbar was a granddaughter of 
Captain Joseph Stetson of Plymouth 
county, in the American army under Gen- 
eral Washington, in the French war. 
Comrade Dunljar, after his first service 
with the Minute Men and with Company 
D, Fortv-vSecond INIassachusetts Volun- 
teers, was attached to the office of the Pro- 
vose Marshal General for special duty at 
Washington and vicinity. vSince 1861-5 
has conducted the bu.siness of carpenter 
and builder and has held several munici- 
pal positions. Is an honored member of 
the G-A-R Post 58 of WeAinouth and is its 
present chaplain. 

The writer of this sketch has known 
George Dunl)ar for many Acars and can 
vouch for his faithful and efficient service 
during and since the war, ever striving to 
make the world better. 


Minute Men of '61 


Bv Col. Geo. W. Nason 
February 12, 1904 

Fling out the banner ! let it float 

Skyward and seaward, high and wide ! 

The Stars and Stripes, our Country's flag, 
O'er the land for which Lincoln died. 

Fling out the banner ! let it swing- 
Seaward and skyward, o'er the land ; 

From East to West and North to South, 
Our dear old Flag always so grand. 

Eling out the banner ! let it wave 

Seaward and skyward, glorious sight! 

The flag of freedom and the brave. 
Symbol of liberty and light. 

Fling out the banner 1 wide and high. 
Seaward and skyward, let it shine ! 

Show to the world our cause is just, 
Then we will conquer by that sign. 

Floating the banner ! comrades, cheer ! 

Seaward and skyward, bright and dry; 
Our Nation's cause to us so dear, 

ITpward and onward, let it fly. 

Fling out the banner ! let it float 

Skyward and seaward, high and wide ! 

Old Glory for our Country's cause ; 
The cause for which our Lincoln died. 

Minute Men of '61 335 


By Col. Geo. W. Nason 
January 11, 1904 

When secession threatened our Union of States, 
And the War against Country begun, 

Who was it left home to defend our dear flag ? 
'Twas the Boy who carried the gun. 

When the day's long march was finally closed, 

Which began ere the rising of sun, 
Who was it stood guard all night on the camp ? 

'Twas the Boy who carried the gun. 

And when we advanced on the enemy's works, 
And had sapping and mining begun, 

Who was it that wielded axe, pick and spade ? 
'Twas the Boy who carried the gun. 

When the enemy charged full force on our lines, 

And his victory seemed nearly won, 
Who was it hurled back his fearful attack ? 

'Twas the Boy who carried the gun. 

And when in retreat from ten times our force 
We were charged by the rebs on the run. 

Who was it that turned and checked their advance ? 
'Twas the Boy who carried the gun. 

Who was it I say, at the close of the day, 
When the hotly fought battle was won, 

That cared for the wounded men left on the field ? 
'Twas the Boy who carried the gun. 

While some persons ate from the hosj^ital stores, 

And had lots of whiskey and fun, 
Who was it that lived on what he could find ? 

'Twas the Boy who carried the gun. 

Let all honor due to our officers brave 

Be given for what they have done, 
But never forget, Flag and Countr}^ were saved 

By the Hero who carried the gun. 

336 Minute Men of '61 


Air "Maryland, My Maryland" 

Thomas Benton Kelley, author 

Full nine and forty years have passed 

Massachusetts Minute Men 
Since that first "tratirous" Cannon blast, 

Massachusetts Minute Men, 
On Sumters wall our Flag assailed. 
But Lincoln's call and need prevailed, 
From every walk of life was hailed, 
Massachusetts Minute Men. 

The spirit of those early days, 

Massachusetts Minute Men 

Was found intact in hearts so brave, 
Massachusetts Minute Men 

From Berkshire's Hills, from Plymouth shore, 

Through blood stained streets in Baltimore. 

You proudly then Old Glory bore, 
Massachusetts Minute Men 

How grand a welcome you received, 

Massachusetts Minute Men, 
From loyal souls with fear relieved, 

Massachusetts Minute Men, 
Your patriot ardor set the pace 
Our Capital made a camping place 
Then Lincoln said "we now are safe," 
Massachusetts Minute Men. 

Across Chain Bridge you led that host, 

Massachusetts Minute Men 
In numbers Bay State had the most, 

Massachusetts Minute Men 
Bull Runs "draw game" quite surely true, 
But ninety-five per cent of you, 
Enlisted then to see it through, 

Massachusetts Minute Men. 

We greet the remnant of that band, 

Massachusetts Minute Men, 
Now furrow browed and trembling hand, 

Massachusetts Minute Men, 
Your valorous ardor paved the way, 
A million Comrades joined the fray. 
And put "Old Glory" up to stay, 
Massachusetts Minute Men. 

Westminster Hotel, Boston, Mass., April 15, 1910. 

Minute Men of '61 


Thomas Bexton Kklley, Westminster Hotel. Copley Sciuare. Boston, Mass. 

Vermont :Minute Men of "61 

Seventh Illinois Cavalry 

Sketch of the Life and v^ervice in the 
Civil War of Thomas Benton Kellev, born 
in Castleton, Vermont, October 10, 1838, 
the youngest son of David Kelley and 
Zanna Dixon (Jones) Kelle\-, who was the 
eldest daughter of Ephraim Jones and 
Rachel (Stark) Jones, who was the third 
daughter of Captain John Stark, who 
commanded the I'aulet compan\- in the 
Battle of Bennington, Vermont, of sturdy 
New England ancestry, who were early 
settlers in Rutland county, having lo- 
cated in Vermont in 17.S1, from Provi- 

dence, R. I., in that year. In the spring 
of 1846, the family left Vermont and 
went to Dupage county, Illinois joining 
the father in their new western home he 
had erected the previous winter, here the 
young man laid the foundation of a 
rugged life in walking several miles to 
school, and then searching for the cows 
who had the chance to roam at will over 
the broad prairie, the young man soon 
laecame a very expert horseman which 
proved to Ije a very valuable aquirement 
in hi,s army service in the Cavalry. With 


Minute Men oe '61 

service at the headquarters of General 
Philip H. Sheridan, as Clerk for the Corps 
responding to the call of Abraham Lincoln 
in 1861. Enlisting in Company E, Eighth 
Illinois Cavalry, which was assigned to 
dutv in the army of the Potomac, after 
strenuous service in the IManassas cam- 
paign, the Regiment was assigned to the 
first brigade of Cavalry under the com- 
mand of General George Stoneham, serv- 
ing with the brigade, under its several 
commanders, in eighty-two engagements 
and skermishes, having five horses shot 
under him, (two in one day) and being 
struck four timt-s with Ijullets and three 
times with sal)re, bearing a charmed life 
through all of the Ijattles of the army of 
the Potomac to the siege of Petersburg, 
Va., in September 1864. 

On September 15, 1862 he captured and 
brought in the union lines seven armed 
Confederate soldiers one of whom was 
mounted and after marching him with the 
rest for more than three miles, took a full 
charged Navy revolver from him, which 
he had exposed to Kelley's view in dis- 
mounting from his horse, as he was to 
turn the prisoners over, the prisoners 
were captured full three-fourths of a mile 
from any other Union soldier outside the 
Union lines, application for a medal was 
denied because not a shot was fired, while 
over twenty afidavits were furnished and 
are now on file in the war department, 
one from the Colonel who was in command 
on the day of the capture, Kelley gave the 
alarm to the reserve officer in command of 
outside Videtts who fired the first shot at 
the opening of the Eattle of Gettyslnirg on 
the morning of July 1, 1863, which event 
in history is marked by a stone marker 
located on the right hand of Chambers- 
burg Pike about two and one half miles 
in front of the Seminary at Gettysburg, 
Pa., through those fearful three davs of 
carnage he came unscathed, closing his 
some two years at Wheaton college he re- 
ceived the appointment as Station and 
Express agent, at (now) Glen Ellyn, 
Illinois, where he was employed when 

Surgeon, Dr. J. K. Dubois, joined his 
loving companion with whom he had left 
a young son on entering the service, but 
the son had been called home on Septem- 
ber 16, 1862. Returning to Vermont in 
1866, he entered the employ of the Rut- 
land Marble Co., for whom he worked as 
Quarry and Mill foreman for some tour- 
teen years, and for Struthers & Sons at 
Philadelphia some six years, in the 
erection of the public building of the city. 
Was in the Railroad Mail service some 
eight years, from Boston to F^ssex Junc- 
tion, Vermont and on the death of his 
beloved companion came to Boston where 
he now resides with his daughter r.Irs. 
Lura Beulali Rolley, who \\ithher hus- 
Ijand and beautiful daughter and son he 
now is passing the remaining years of an 
eventful life. Joining the Grand Army of 
the Repulilic December 2, 1867, as a 
Charter Member of Robert Post No. 14, 
Department of Vermont, passing all the 
chairs in the post and serving as chaplain 
seven }ears and commander and as in- 
spector in the department, and three 
times on department stalT and as delegate 
to the National Encampment and twice on 
the staff of the Commander in Chief, 
always a very enthusiastic and forceful 
exponent of the principals of the G-A-R., 
having composed over fort\' songs for the 
order, and kindred organizations. Con- 
verted to thorough Repuljlican Iw Abra- 
ham Lincoln in the Campaign of 1858, he 
has ever been an ardent zealous student 
in the welfare of his county's needs, join- 
ing the Vermont Division of the Sons of 
the American Revolution, some twelve 
years since he is still in touch with the 
best living exponents for his state welfare, 
also a member of the Grand Army Club of 
Mas.sachusetts which has representatives 
from forty-eight Posts in the department, 
and are inspiring loN'alty and patriotism 
everywhere through our broad land. Mr. 
KellfV is now serving as Custodian of the 
Vermont Association of Boston at their 
reading room and headquarters No. 65 
Hotel Westminster, Copley Square, Boston, 

Minute Men of '61 


assiti^ned clut\- in Quarter Master and 
( )rdnance Department, until end of ser- 
vice, when he took a law course and was 
admitted to the bar. 

.Sept. 4, 1870, he married Nellie J. 
Ileaton of Franklin, and soon after re- 
ceived the appointment of Adjutant of 
Soldiers' Home at Greene Island, Neb. 
After six years' service he resigned and 
located as Juniata, Neb., where he practi- 
ced law until his death, Feb. 8, 1895. 




5?/i)5.l86V. Ku.tu-rx, 1,11116111)111-1?, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Fifth Mass. Serijt. ZM\ Mass. Keg-f. 

Charles Kilburn, son of Cyrus Kilburn 
was born in Lunenburg, Mass. , May 13, 
1839, When 18 years old taught district 
school ; also practised civil engineering 
wntli his father until 1861. lie came to 
Boston April 1.^ to have his surveying in- 
struments adjusted, and hearing the call 
of President Lincoln for 75,000 troops 
went to Faneuil Hall and enrolled his 
name with Somerville Light Infantry, 
commanded by Captain (Veorge (). Bras- 
tow of the Fifth Massachusetts Regiment. 
As a civil engineer he was of great service 
to the government, assisting in the con- 
strucrion of Fort Ellsworth at Alexandria, 
Va., etc. . Returning with his Regiment 
at end of service he again enlisted; was 
made orderly sergeant of Company H, 
Twenty-third Regiment, Massachusetts 
Volunteers, Colonel John Kurtz. Ser- 
geant Kilburn was severeh' wounded at 
the battle of Whitehall, near Kinston, 
N. C, Dec. 16, 1862. < )ne arm and both 
legs were Vjroken by grape or canister shot 
wdiich incapacited him from active ser- 
vice. Leaving hospital on crutclies, was 



The above cuts show both obverse and 
reverse of the lieautiful bronze medal 
issued by the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts to the Minute Men of '61, with 
the name of each soldier engraved on the 
thick edge of medal, similar to that 
shown at edge of cut. There were three 
thousand eight hundred and five of these 
medals made at the United .States mint at 
Philadelphia for the .state of Massachu- 
setts, nearly a thousand of which remain 
with the adjutant general unclaimed, 
each medal being marked with the 
soldier's name. If the soldier be dead, 
any member of his family or nearest of 
kin can obtain it upon application. It is a 
valuable relic to be cherished by later 


MiNLTE Men of '61 

REV. Edward A. Horton. Boston, ISIass. 
Minute Men of '61 
United States Navy 

Edward Augusttis Horton, clergyman, 
author, and editor, was Ijorn in Springfield, 
Mass., Sept. 28, 1843, son of William 
Marshall and Ann (Leonard) Horton. 
He was educated in the public schools of 
Springfield and Chicago, 111. When the 
civil war liroke out he enlisted in the 
United States navy and served on the gun- 
boat Seneca with the South Atlantic 
blockading squadron under Commanders 
DuPont and Dahlgren, taking part in 
several sharp engagements, including the 
attack on Forts Wagner and Sumter, and 
the destritction of the Confederate privateer 
Nashville. He entered the University of 
^Michigan without conditions in the class 
of 1869. Finding that his resources were 
i:ot suffie'ient to carry him throitgh the 
university he changed to the ]\Ieadville 
Theological Seminary and was graduated 
in 1868. He accepted a call from the 
Unitarian church at Leominster, Mass., 
and remained there until 1875. During 
this time he visited Evirope, and studied 
in Brunswick and Heidell^urg, Germanv, 
his church generously granting him leave 

of absence of one year for that purpose. 
He accepted a call to New Orleans, La., 
in the suminier of 1875, but the following 
fall he was obliged to recall his acceptance 
because of a severe attack of illness. 
After a year of rest he became minister of 
the Old Church at Hingham, Mass., in 
1876, and in May, 1880, he resigned this 
charge to become mii:ister of the Second 
Church in Boston, Mass. This church 
was founded in 1649, and among its 
ministers were the Mathers (Increase, 
Cotton, and Samuel ), John Latlirop, Henry 
Ware, Jr., Ralph Waldo Emerson and 
Chandler Robbins. During Mr. Horton's 
ministry of twelve years here it was 
brought to a high degree of prosperity, 
and a debt of |45,000 was cancelled. He 
was compelled to resign his pastorate in 
1892 on account- of impaired health, and 
subsequenth- devoted himself to the 
development of two Unitarian organiza- 
tions in Boston, the Sunday School Society 
and the Benevolent Fraternity of Churches. 
He is now president of the Sunday School 
Society, a part of his duty being to write 
and publish text books; edit "Every Other 
Sunday" (a paper for young people); 
confer with Sitnday-school workers over 
the country, and direct the affairs relating 
to Unitarian Sunday-school workers. 
Other positions now held by him are 
chaplain of Massachusetts senate; chap- 
lain E. W. Kinsley Poist, G. A. R., Boston; 
chaplain, Girand Lodge of Free Masons, 
Massachusetts; chaplain , Association Mass. 
Minute Men since 1884, president of the 
Committee on Fellowship of Ministers; 
trustee'of Westford (Mass.), Academy; 
trustee to Derby Academy-, Hingham, 
Mass.; director of the Home for Intem- 
perate Women; treasurer of the North 
End Union, Boston. He has served as 
department chaplain of the Grand Armj' 
of the Republic in Massachusetts, and for 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Corn- 
pan v, Boston. The honorary degree of 
A. M. was conferred itpon him in 1880 by 
the University of Michigan. He has Ijeen 
a frequent contributor of book reviews to 
periodicals and the Boston newspaper 
press, and written several manuals for 

Minute Men of '61 


class work in Sunday-schools. He is 

author of "An Historical Address Com- 
memorating the Semi-Centennial An- 
niversary of the dedication of the First 
Congregational Meetinghouse in Leomin- 
ster" (1874); "On the Law of Fulfillment"; 
"vSemon on the Life of James Garfield" 
(1881); "Discourse Delivered to the First 
Parish of Hingham on the 200th Anniver- 
sary of the Opening of its Me£ting-house" 
(1882); "Ralph Waldo Fmerson: His 
Services as Minister of the Second Cluirch 

and his Qualities as a Religious Teacher" 
(1882); "Unitarianism: What Did It vSet 
( )ut to Do ? What Has It Accomplished ? ' ' 
(1888); "Unitarianism: Does It Accept 
the Personality of Christ? " (1889); 
"Unitarianism: W^hat Does It Stand For?" 
(1889); "Noble Lives and Noble Deeds" 
(1890). Mr. Horton was married at 
Lancaster, Pa., Dec. 1, 1875, to Josephine 
A. Rand, daughter of Nathaniel and Ruth 
(Miles) Rand. They have one child, Ruth 
Horton, born Feb. 24, 1877. 


Minute Men of '61 



The record of the Navy during the Civil 
War is full of interest from the beginning 
to the end. While not crowded with such 
stirring events as fell to the experience of 
the Army, yet, what it did in patience and 
wisdom, and what it accomplished In^ sig- 
nal efforts, taken together, give lovers of 
the Union just cause for pride. 

The first feature always to be noticed 
was the unpreparedness of our Navy De- 
partinent when the war broke out. It is 
true that some intelligent forecasts had 
Ijeen made, and certain vessels were 
ready for the fray such as the Powhatan, 
INIississippi, Susquehanna, and later the 
Niagara, Waljash, Roanoke. In 1858 
some Screw-Sloops of about 2000 tons 
were made ready such as the Lancaster, 
Brooklyn, Hartford and others in the 
second class like the Pawnee and Iroquois. 
Sailing vessels were then passing out of 
use and were of value chieflv as stone- 
steps and receiving-ships. As soon as the 
seriousness of affairs was appreciated by 
the North, not onh' was the demand for 
troops imperative but the necessity of pro- 
tecting our long seacoast was apparent. 
The Confederate States had no Navy, but 
they were capable of building rams, and 
also of carrying on a large business in 
blockade running, through which sources 
they would obtain arms and money. 

The rapidity with which the deficiencies 
of our Navy were made good now stands 
out conspicuously to all historians. Not 
waiting for the creation of only the best 
vessels and the finest equipment, the 
energies of our officials were directed to 
securing anything and everything that 
might assist in making our campaign suc- 
cessful. We bought all kinds of things 
afloat, specially such steamers as might 
easily be transformed into weapons of war. 
In this way we took ferry boats, tugs, 

side wheelers, screw steamers, in large 
numbers. They were usually strength- 
ened in some parts and such batteries 
placed on board as the craft could stand. 
The construction of sloops- of-war was at 
once inaugurated by the administration. 
Among them were the Oneida, Kear- 
searge and others. Small heavily armed 
screw gunboats were also built, twenty- 
five of them, and were commonly called 
"the ninety-day gun l)oats." Contracts 
were also made for the construction of 
paddle-wheel steamers, for use on rivers 
and in shallow water, which were after- 
wards well known as "double enders." 
This, indeed, was the time when the need 
of iron-clads was apparent of which there 
had been nuich talk but no lealization. 
Inventors were vaguely feeling their way 
to the creation of something in this di- 
rection. ()n these plans were built the 
New Ironsides and the Monitor. 

In addition to all this was the call for 
officers and seamen. Anyone versed well 
knows that the life on a man-of-war 
means a previous training on the sea. 
Therefore to the merchant marine the 
administration looked for its best supplies 
and recruits. It did not look in vain and 
the results of our appeals were on the 
whole satisfactorv. But beyond this ex- 
cellent material it was found necessary to 
accept men of all nationalities and from 
places all over the world. With surpris- 
ing success this rallying and consolidat- 
ing of the forces went on, and by the time 
the war ended we were in very solid 
shape, with manj' plans looking far ahead 
by which the administration intended to 
build more ships-of-war. These plans 
were only partially executed owing to the 
cessation of hostilities. All in all this 
masterly production of a Navy out of 
scant material, and under adverse cir- 
tacumsnces, is hardly paralled in history. 

Minute Men of '61 



Some of our Minute IMen went into the 
Navy at the first call and there did good 
service. Reference to some of these com- 
rades will be found in this volume. What 
I am now aiming at is to give a general 
sketch of our Navy from '61 to '64. 
There were three distinct phases which 
might be summed up as follows : 1 , The 
North Atlantic Squadron. 2, The South 
Atlantic Squadron. 3, The Gulf and 
Mississippi. To this might fitl}- be added 
the more general aspect of cruisers and 

Of course, the Atlantic Coast was the 
scene of great anxiety and watchfulness. 
It offered a long stretch of opportunity to 
the enemy for smuggling, and the draft 
was immense on our limited resources. 
But we clung to our "job," with dogged 
persistency and on the whole succeeded 
fairly well. There was no time when 
blockade runners did not get in and out, 
but our vessels maintained such a vigilant 
guard that the risks were very great. 

The most famous event in the North 
Atlantic Squadron, of which I am now 
treating, was the notable conflict Ijetween 
the Merrimac and Monitor which occurred 
at Hampton Roads. This dramatic scene 
took place in 1862. Norfolk had been 
captiired early by the Confederates to- 
gether with its Navy Yard. Of course the 
administration was anxious to drive the 
eneniy out, and possess the advantages 
which the captured locality would bestow. 
In this yard was constructed the famous 
Merrimac. The intelligence of this for- 
midable procedure was learned bv the 
Federal Government, and orders were 
issued at once for the speedy construction 
of a suitaVjle antagonist, which order was 
executed at Brooklyn, resulting in the 
creation of Ihe first Monitor. 

This was drawn from Ericsson's plans 
and was built under his supervision. Bv 
pushing the work under extra gangs the 
Monitor w^as finished in about four months 
after the signing of the contract. Lieut- 
enant John h. Worden was selected to 
command the new craft. No such war 
vessel had ever been tried before and it 

required a great deal of courage to take 
charge of such a mass of uncertainties. 
As a floating battery the affair seemed 
satisfactory, Imt in view of the fact that it 
must go to sea and perhaps join in a 
battle, under those operating conditions 
doubts were numerous as to the ■worth of 
the venture. vSo anxious was our admin- 
istration to get the Monitor down to 
Hampton Roads to meet the Confederate 
iron-clad that the workmen were still 
busy on the Monitor the night before she 

After a dangerous voyage the Monitor 
reached Hampton Roads and found lying 
there, near Fortress Monroe, the Roa- 
noke, Minnesota and one or two other 
frigates. The Merrimac was now ready 
for action. It was an old vessel made 
over and covered with what resembled 
the roof of a house, armored with wrought 
iron plates and heavy wooden backings, 
assisted with a heavy battery. A cast 
iron ram projected eighteen inches from 
her bow. On Saturday, March 8, while 
the Monitor was still outside, the Merri- 
mac came down the river from Norfolk 
accompanied by two gun-boats. She ap- 
proached the two wooden vessels tliat had 
been guarding the James River and drove 
her ram into the Cumberland so deep as 
to sink her, with her ensign flying from 
the peak as she went down, for he would 
not .surrender. The Congress was also 
destroyed and the Minnesota run aground. 
Night then drew on and for that day all 
was over. 

But while this flring w-as going on, the 
Monitor was approaching Fortress ]\Ion- 
roe. Soon after sunrise on the morning 
of ISIarch 9, preparations for the historic were under way. The Merrimac 
evidently cared little for the appearance 
of the Monitor and steamed down the 
stream to complete her destruction of the 
day before. But Lieut. Worden proposed 
to be heard as well as seen, and he im- 
mediately got under way and headed 
directly for the Merrimac, reserving his 
flre till he was close to the eneni}-. 
Worden passed the Merrimac and at- 
tempted to disable her screw but missed 
it. Then he returned, firing deliberately. 


Minute Men of '61 

The vessels were so close that several 
times they almost touched each other. 

Everyone understands now what a 
Monitor meant at that time, resembling as 
it did a cheese box, it often carried that 
name. There was siTipiy one great iron 
turret in the center of a low, round deck 
of iron. This turret depended for its use- 
fulness on revolving at command, which 
it did not always do. After a while the 
turret got so jammed that the ship was 
brought round and the guns pointed by 
the helm. At one time when Worden was 
looking through an opening a shell 
struck the turret and exploded. His eyes 
were filled with powder and he was 
blinded and stunned. Marks of this he 
bore many j-ears, indeed till he died. 
The Monitor was withdrawn at this time 
owing to the injuries to her commanding 
officer, and for some unforeseen reason 
the Merrimac withdrew to Norfolk. It 
was not advisable to follow and the com- 
bat temporarily ceased. As an aljle 
authority, Admiral Soley, said: "though 
both iron-clads were severely pounded 
neither had fully developed its defensive 
strength, and all things considered they 
both got off rather easil}'." Both vessels 
were dented, cracked and plates broken, 
but neither was demolished. 

The effect of this conflict at Hampton 
Roads in various aspects was remarkable. 
Ivight was thrown on the necessity of a 
new kind of war vessel. It was found that 
the Confederates could easil}- construct 
most dangerous instruments of war. But 
the deep satisfaction of the North was in 
the fact that Hampton Roads had been 
reconquered and the blockade was un- 
broken, and the enemy pushed back. 
Well has it been said, that the names of 
Worden and the Monitor will always be 
recalled b_v the country in affectionate re- 

The final fate of the two iron-clad 
warriors is worth recording. The Merri- 
mac came out of the drj^ dock apparently 
in as good shape as ever and took a posi- 
tion near Norfolk News. Small deprada- 
tions were made but nothing serious oc- 
curred. Tatnall, meanwhile, learned that 
the United States troops were advancing 

on Norfolk, he being in command resolved 
to withdraw to the James River, and of 
course, took the Merrimac with him. 
But it was found impossible to get the 
Confederate iron-clad up into a safe posi- 
tion and accordingly Tatnall concluded to 
destroy her, and setting her on fire, he 
landed his officers and man and escaped. 
As for the Monitor, she was ordered to 
Beaufort, N. C, in tow of the Rhode 
Island. All went well at first, but pretty 
soon after Cape Hatteras had been passed 
a gale arose. The sea came in so fast that 
it submerged the pilot house and finally 
threatened the safety of the Monitor. 
There seemed to be no possible handling 
of her. It became evident she could not 
be saved. A signal of distress was made, 
boats were lowered, the crew was re- 
moved from the sinking iron-clad over 
which the seas were breaking. In a short 
time the Monitor slowly settled and disap- 
peared in the ocean. 

One of the early plans in this Depart- 
ment was to obtain control of Hatteras 
Inlet, a point of great importance. This 
engagement was one in which the Navy 
distinguished itself. As was said at that 
time, "from there the whole coast of 
Virginia and North Carolina, from Nor- 
folk to Cape L,ookout, was within reach by 
light draft vessels which could not 
possibly live at sea during the winter 
months." In the capture of Hatteras 
Inlet, Flag-Officer Stringham for the 
Navy, and General Butler for the Army 
were the leading officers. In a short 
time, after careful preparations of the 
land and navy forces, a united attack was 
made for the captvire of Roanoke Island. 
This was done under the leadership of 
Flag-Officer Goldgboro and Commander 
Rowan. It proved a brilliant and success- 
ful movement, opening up for our forces 
many tributary places. 

It is impossible to detail all the notable 
events in the North Atlantic Squadron, as 
indeed, it will be impossible to properly 
treat those which occurred in other 
Squadrons of the Navy. We can only 
touch the salient transactions. Among 
these was the reduction of Newbern and 
the splendid dash of lyieutenant William 

Minute Men of '61 


B. Gushing who destroyed the ram, Albe- 
marle. He announced his triumph in the 
following despatch: "I have the honor 
to report that the rebel iron Albemarle is 
at the bottom of the Roanoke River." 

Many attempts had been made to sub- 
due this dangerous enemy, but without 
success. Cushing will always be famous 
in our history as combining personal dar- 
ing with high intelligence. He proceeded 
by night up the Roanoke River, knowing 
that the Albemarle was made fast to her 
wharf, surrounded by "booms, "as pro- 
tection from torpedoes and assailants of 
any kind. His party consisted of fifteen 
officers and men in a launch, and two 
officers and eleven men in a cutter that 
was in tow. The brave Ivieutenant suc- 
ceeded in passing safely by the first out- 
posts of the enemy but as he approached 
the ram the enemy sprang a rattle, rung a 
bell and began firing. He found "a pen 
of logs round about her. " ' Coming head 
on to the Albemarle the launch struck the 
logs ; the torpedo boom which Cushing 
carried was lowered and a torpedo was 
successfully exploded under the ram's 
overhang, destroying her. 

At that moment a shot fired from the 
ram went crashing through the launch 
completely disabling her. The enemv 
demanded the surrender of Cushing's 
force, but he ordered the men to save 
themselves and plunged into the river. 
After a long exposure in the swamp and 
hiding, he discovered a boat and found 
his way to one of our own vessels. This 
has justly been considered as one of the 
most striking and spectacular events of 
the whole war. Cushing was at that time 
21 \ears of age. 

One other important act in the drama of 
the North Atlantic vSquadron was the 
capture of Fort Fisher, toward the end of 
the war. The first attempt was made by 
the joint efTorts of Admiral Porter of the 
Navy, and General Butler of the land 
forces. To carry out this project the 
largest fleet was assembled under the 
Union Flag that had been gathered at an_v 
previous time under any one command. 
Although great preparations were made, 

and the forces seemed adequate, the enter- 
prise terminated in failure. 

The next year, 1865, a renewed attack 
was planned, with General Terry in com- 
mand of the Army. This time the prep- 
arations seemed to have been ample and 
sufficient. A large squadron did its duty 
with valor and intelligence, and the 
officers on the land side did their work 
with grim determination. The Confed- 
erates understood that it would be a 
grievous loss if they were driven out of 
their defences, and the officers and men 
on their side retained the ground stub- 
bornly. It was only when one traverse 
after another had been slowly conquered 
that any foothold was obtained in the fort. 
The battle raged hot in the fort, while the 
great batteries close to the beach were 
doing their best to aid the Union forces. 
But at last the victory was ours, though 
the list of killed and wounded was lament- 
able. vStill, according to the measure of 
army experiences, the loss of killed and 
wounded, 700, was counted slight in view 
of what was accomplished. 2500 men in 
the best constructed earth works known 
were met and conquered ; 112 officers and 
1971 enlisted men were taken prisoners. 

There is naturally a great deal of 
remance connected with the South 
Atlantic Squadron, which we are now 
considering. It was the scene of the first 
defiance to the North by the guns of Fort 
.Sumter, and Charleston ever after was a 
hot bed of Southern feeling. The iron 
clads first built after the Merrimac and 
Monitor fight were sent to this Depart- 
ment, where they did excellent service. 
The South Atlantic Squadron had only 
two commanders, Dupont and Dahigren. 
The first important work under'Admiral 
Dupont was the capture of Port Royal and 
the making it a Headquarter for the fleet. 
From that on followed a persistent tight- 
ening of the blockade through the inlets 
and lagoons extending from Charleston 
on the north, to Fernandina on the south. 
The entrance to Savanagh River was also 
sealed as far as possible. An attempt was 
made to place obstacles in the harbor of 


Minute Men of '61 

Charleston by sinking a number of vessels, 
mostly old whalers, loaded with stone. 
But the project failed through the action 
of the tides and currents, which seemed 
to wash away these sunken crafts, so that 
the Ijlockade runners went in and out as 
though nothing had been done to bar 
their way. The batteries of Morris Is- 
land were constantly a menace to our 
movements. Fort Sumter itself only suc- 
cumbed after having been battered down 
brick by brick. Fort Moultrie, on one 
side, and Fort Wagner on the other gave 
a stout defence against all efforts of our 
boats to enter. 

It was early seen that our iron-clads 
and other craft could not expect to enter 
the harbor, and then followed a long- 
series of attacks by water and land ex- 
tending down nearly to the end of the 
war. The Flag-Officer reported after one 
of these attacks: "I had hoped that the 
endurance of the iron-clads wovild have 
enabled them to have borne any weight of 
firing to which they might have been ex- 
posed ; but when I found such a large 
portion of them were wholly or one half 
disaVjled by less than an hour's engage- 
ment, I was convinced that persistence in 
the attacks would result in the loss of the 
greater portion of the iron-clad fleet." 
It was decided in 1863 that the place 
could not be taken by a purely naval at- 
tack. The administration had been full 
of confiilence that the Monitors would 
annihilate all obstacles. 

Many blockade runners were captured 
by this Sciuadron, but enough were suc- 
cessful to make the traffic very valuable. 
The Ijlockade round Charleston Harljor 
extended in a long line well out to sea. 
Although drawn closer at night, the 
chances for blockade runners were very 
good. Then there was the fear concern- 
ing rams which the Sovith was constantly 
creating, though most of them were in- 

One brilliant record was made in the 
destruction of the privateer Nashville, a 
side-wheeler, of excellent speed, which 
had been put in shape for marauding on 
the ocean. After having been detained 
up the Ogeechee River some months, by 

the blockading force, keeping always 
above Fort McAllister, the captain evi- 
dently decided to go out on high tides. 
Just then Commader Worden reported his 
arrival with the iron-clad Montauk and 
most fortunate in time, for the Nashville 
had got aground. Fort McAllister pre- 
sented an insuperable obstacle to ascend- 
ing the river, but on the other hand the 
jNIontauk was able to withstand the shot 
of the fort. Accordingly early one morn- 
ing all the vessels were under orders to 
move up and prepare to destroy the 
privateer. The wooden vessels fired from 
safe distances upon the fort, while the 
Montauk proceeded steadily up the river 
under the firing of McAllister but paying 
no attention to the fort. Firing across 
the marshes with success, the Nashville 
was set on fire by a shot which entered 
the fire-room. Thus was prevented the 
possibilities of injuries to our shipping 
which the Alabama so signalh- effected. 
On the descent down the river from the 
successful attack the Montauk ran on a 
torpedo, and it was necessary to beach 
her. The iron-clad w-as soon patched up 
and served for a long time at various 

There were constant efforts made b}- the 
Confederates to raise the blockade on the 
South Atlantic coast. Many of these 
dashes were well planned and desperate, 
so much so that it was necessary for the 
blockading force to maintain special vigil- 
ance. One instance will give proof of 
the condition in the winter of 1863. 
Two iron-clad rams, Chicora and Palmetto 
State, came out of the harbor. A fog 
hung over the bar and protected by this 
the enemy approached the vessels out- 
side. At that time the blockading fleet 
was somewhat diminished owing to the 
coaling of the Powhatan and Canadaigua 
at Port Royal. The Housatonic was the 
only war vessel of any size that was in the 
ten then distributed over a wide area, 
five or six miles in length. A vigorous 
attack was made by these rams. They 
rammed, fired and successfully made use- 
less two or three of our vessels, when re- 
treat was made for a refuge under the 
guns of Fort Sumter. The authorities of 


Minute Men of '61 


Charleston, owing to the confusion of our 
fleet, proceeded to declare that the block- 
ade was raised. This was supported by a 
proclamation immediately issued by 
Beauregard and Ingrahani, commanding 
general and senior officer, declaring that 
the Southern Naval force "had sunk, dis- 
persed or drove off out of sight, the entire 
blockading fleet." 

Although this statement was false there 
was enough truth in it to give wings to 
the report, and for a time it was generally 
thought that this was actually history. 
One good result was the necessity, clearly 
shown, of strengthening the force off 
Charleston Harbor, which was immediately 

~ A little later another attempt was made 
to raise the blockade through the instru- 
mentality of a new ram. This was 
thwarted by the vigilance of Captain John 
Rogers, of the iron-clad Weehawken. 
He handled his craft so effectively that 
the ram was speedily put out of commis- 
sion. There were not so many exciting 
scenes in the experience of the South 
Atlantic Squadron as in the Gulf, where 
Farragut established his great fame, but 
there was a vast amount of faithful block- 
ading duty, and some incidents of a 
stirring character. 


We will now make a brief report of the 
Gulf vSquadron, in which the name of 
Farragut shines with great lustre. There 
were other capable officers assocciated 
with him, and forever identified with the 
campaign of the Mississippi River and 
Gulf, but Farragut's leadership stands 
fascinatingly prominent. The two great 
events in the history of this squadron was 
the opening of the Mississippi, which in- 
volved great dangers and brilliant victor- 
ies, and the battle of Mobile Bay. The 
lilockading work embraced the coast from 
the Rio Grande to Florida. 

We will not describe here the prelimi- 
nary movements by which the drawing of 
the lilockade was tighter and tighter, and 
tlie preparations for clearing the IMissis- 
sippi were matured. INIany brave things 
were done and progress was slowl\- but 

surely made under the command of of- 
ficers of the Navy whose names and deeds 
will always be cherished. Operations 
were not confined to the mouth of the 
Mississippi but advance was also pushed 
at the North, starting from Cairo, Illinois. 
It was very clear to the administration of 
the North that the Mis.sissippi must be 
made available for our troops, and that 
the forts along the banks must Ije demol- 
ished. The naval movements from the 
upper waters were so well carried on that 
in July 1862, they joined hands with the 
Union fleet, which had been making its 
way from the mouth of the river, and this 
was done at Vicksburg. We will trace 
the history of that notable triumph for our 

The task of opening the Mississippi 
from its mouth was given to Captain 
David G. Farragut, appointed to the com- 
mand of the Western Gulf Blockading 
Squadron, in Januar}' 1862. He had in 
his Flag-ship, the Hartford, twenj-four 
guns. A fleet of twenty mortar schooners, 
with a flotilla of six gun-boats, under the 
command of David D. Porter, afterwards 
Admiral, were a part of the expedition. 
The whole sqiiadron when assembled con- 
sisted of four screw-sloops, one side- 
wheel steamer, three screw-corvetts and 
nine screw gun-boats, in all seventeen 
vessels of all classes, carrying about one 
hundred and fifty-four guns, exclusive of 
brass howitzers. 

The Mississippi Squadron w^as soon put 
into fighting condition, and proceeded 
slowly up the river. Opposed to it was a 
rather limited array of vessels, which the 
Confederacy had bought and reconstructed. 
There was one iron-clad, the Manassas, 
with some power as a ram, but not easily 
handled in conflict. Due progress was 
made l)ut the forts below New Orleans 
offered a stout resistance. Fire-rafts 
were sent down the river creating some 
confusion, and various obstructions were 
placed in the channel, .such as large rafts 
of timber, sunken schooners, heavilj- 
anchored and caljled. But the indomitable 
spirit of the expedition overcame all ob- 
stacles and they made a passage. 

The bombardment of Fort Jackson went 


Minute Men of '61 

oil with renewed vigor. After several 
days there seemed to be an opportunity 
of pressing forward, and with due 
arrangement of our vessels advance was 
made, and the forts, St. Philip and Jackson 
were subdued. It was a remarkable drama 
in which all the available Naval forces on 
both sides, with the assistance of the forts, 
were hotly engaged. This attack of the 
fleet upon the forts and the successful pas- 
sage has rightly been called the battle 
of New Orleans, for it decided the fate 
of that city. 

On the 25th day of April the fleet at last 
anchored before New Orleans where every- 
thing was confusion, shipping destroyed, 
cotton and coal afire, and citizens de- 
moralized. Farragut's celerity which was 
always his characteristic, brought a much 
desired result. It led the Confederates 
to destro}- the Mississippi, a powerful iron- 
clad, which would have been launched in 
six days. It is always stated In- some 
chroniclers that this early fall of New 
Orleans "nipped the purpose of the 
French emperor who had held out hopes 
of recognition to the Confederacy." 
Captain Bailey was sent ashore to demand 
the surrender of the city, and to see that 
the United States flag was hoisted on the 
pul)lic buildings. The anger and the 

humiliation of the people were intense. 
General Butler arrived on the evening of 
Mav 1, when the city was put in his 

After New Orleans had been occupied 
by the army, Farragut sent some vessels 
farther up the river. Baton Rouge and 
Natchez surrendered when summoned, l}ut 
Vicksburg refused and this was the one 
point on the river which remained for 
capture. It was quite clear that Vicksburg 
would have to be taken by a land force; 
but the Northern administration was 
urgent that something should be done and 
Farragut determined to run by the bat- 
teries. This was often done afterwards, 
Init the first attempts merit a brief des- 

Vicksburg is 400 miles above New 
Orleans and 400 miles below Memphis, 
which had been taken. Owing to the 

winding character of the river there were 
many bends where an effective defence 
could be made. 

On May 28, Farragut's fleet was under 
way, advancing in two columns. A 
vigorous resistance was made, and the 
firing was intense between the batteries 
and the ships. A few hours after, the 
Flag-ofiicer reported that the torts had 
been passed and could be passed again as 
often as necessarj-, but adding, "it will 
not be easy to do more than to silence the 
battt-ries for a time." 

We therefore have now as the result of 
the expedition from the mouth and the 
one from Cairo, the combined fleets of 
Farragut and Davis a few miles below the 
mouth of the Vazoo River. By reason of 
the hot weather and other conditions the 
vigor of the campaign was relaxed and in 
consequence the enemy threw up fresh 
defences along the banks near Vicksburg. 
But in the autumn new movements were 
made to make an efTectual opening of the 
Mississippi. More boats were provided, 
of various sizes and fighting force, and 
active operations began , toward the end of 
Novemlier, when the river was rising 
from the autumnal rains. The great ol)- 
ject of the combined I'nion forces was the 
reduction of \'icksburg. 

(leneral \\'. T. Sherman with an army 
32,000 strong arrived and landed on the 
low ground near the mouth of the Yazoo. 
On January 30, 1863, General Crrant ar- 
rived to take command of the land forces. 
INIany and exciting were the incidents 
leading up to the success which finally 
gave the North possession of the Missis- 
sippi. Raids were made, special expedi- 
tions were carried out, steamers were 
burned, shelling of batteries was a com- 
mon incident, and while Grant was 
gradually closing in upon Vicksburg and 
Port Hudson, the whole country, North 
and South, gave all its attention to the 
unfolding drama at this spt)t. Fver_\- re- 
source that could be made available by the 
South was put at the service of Vicksburg, 
guerilla work, skirmish fights, dashing 
attacks, all combined to increase the 
public excitement. Finally on July 4, 

Minute Men of '61 


1863, Vicksburg surrendered, and on the 
ninth the jj^arrison of Port Hudson laid 
down its arms. 

The Mississippi was now open from 
Cairo to the Gulf, and we are told the 
merchant-steamboat. Imperial, leaving 
St. Louis on the eighth, reached New 
Orleans on the sixteenth of that month 
without any trouble. The Navy Depart- 
ment assigned the command of the 
IMississippi to Porter, while farragut, 
w ho had been .so conspicuously the mov- 
ing spirit, was ordered to the coast 
operations of blockading in the Gulf. 

We have not space to record the ex- 
peditions in Texas and on the Red River 
by General Banks and Commodore Bell. 
This Naval officer was afterward followed 
in command by Acting Admiral S. P. 
Lee. In August, 1865, he was finally re- 
lieved, and the Mississippi Squadron as an 
organization ceased to be. The various 
vessels engaged in the important cam- 
paign on inland waters were gradually 
sold. Admiral Farragut resumed the 
command of his own squadron and the 
Gulf, January 1864. His object then was 
to attack the defences of Mobile. 

The Cit}- of Mobile is thirty miles from 
the Gulf at the head of a bay of the same 
name. The entrance was guarded by two 
defences. Forts Morgan and Cyaines. 
The Confederate Squadron, under Admiral 
Franklin Buchanan, consisted of the ram, 
Tennessee, three small paddle-wheel gun- 
boats, and besides these a few so-called 
iron-clads. The Tennessee was the most 
powerful iron-clad, from the keel up, 
])uilt b}' the Confederac}-. Commander 
J. D. Johnston was made her captain. 

Obstructions of various kinds had been 
prepared by the Confederates including 
spiles, torpedoes and sunken vessels. 
F"arragut made his preparations with great 
care and then proceeded to carry out his 
plans with the usual dash. The attacking 
force was somewhat formidable, and the 
vessels were put in complete fighting 
shape. The Tecumseh under Commander 
Craven soon went to the Ijottom by the 
explosion of a hidden torpedo. Craven 
lost his life at this time. It was here that 
the vessels became somewhat entangled 

and Admiral Farragut hailed to know 
what was the matter. He, as we have 
often been told, was on the port main 
rigging of the Hartford. The answer 
came back, "Torpedoes ahead." The 
action of Farragut at this time was not 
one of recklessness, but the strong decis- 
ion of a character who had reckoned on 
torpedoes and counted the cost. With a 
startling quickness and emphatic expres- 
sion he ordered his own ship "and the 
consort ahead, and made the signal 
"close order." The efforts gave a rak- 
ing fire and our ships suffered from it, 
obstructing one another, but luckily the 
torpedoes did not alwa\'S explode and the 
inspiration of Farragut subdued fear. 
Eventually, although with severe injury 
and considerable loss of life, our fleet 
passed through and anchored in the bay 
out of danger. 

In this exciting experience the formid- 
able ram, the Tennessee, finally fled for 
safety under the guns of P"ort Morgan. 
But Farragut was not satisfied to let her 
remain there, since the victory would be 
far from complete if she were not de- 
stroyed. An encounter followed and our 
monitors with the other vessels gave the 
Confederate ram such hot experiences 
that she surrounded. The fight lasted a 
little over an hour. Fort Gaines and Fort 
Morgan were soon after captured, and 
Mobile as a port for blockade runners was 
speedily sealed. 

As soon as the main operations of the 
Northern forces had been brought to a 
successful conclusion sufficient troops were 
sent to subdue the cit\-. Lee had laid 
down his arms on the 9th, Johnston on the 
24th of April, 1865, and on the 4th of 
]\Iay General Richard Taylor surrendered 
the Departments of Alabama and Missis- 
sippi. In May 1867 the Gulf Squadron, 
as it had been named, ceased to be, and 
thus ended the last of the separate fleets 
which the civil war had called into 


I have thus sketched the main events in 
the three squadrons which protected our 
coast. A word remains regarding the 


Minute Men of '61 

enemy's criiisers, of which the Alabama 
■was the most famous. There was one 
other that did a good deal of damage to 
our commerce, the Florida. She was the 
first built in England for the confederates, 
but her career will not follow, turning 
instead to the vessel which Semmes 

The construction of this vessel in the 
English ship-yard was protested by our 
minister, Mr. Adams. He had reason to 
believe that, under cover of pretences, 
she was destined for the Confederate 
service. Notwithstanding the action by 
Mr. Adams .she was allowed to get under 
way and pass out into the Atlantic. This 
was afterwards the source of great conten- 
tions, and a final tribunal was created to 
adjust the damages which we claimed from 
Great Britain. 

The Alabama arrived at the Azores on 
the 10th of August, 1862. Here a bark 
from L/Ondon brought her batteries, am- 
munition stores, and coal. Two days 
later a steamer arrived from Liverpool 
with vSemmes and the remainder of the 
officers and crew. Very soon the Alabama 
statted on her cruise. The first two months 
were spent in the North Atlantic, and in 
this time 20 prizes were taken and burned. 
vSemmes went as far as the banks with his 
vessel and then turned Southward. The 
Ala1)ama had various experiences from 
that time until the 11th of January, 1863, 
when she appeared off Galveston, Texas. 
Here our squadron sighted the craft and 
the Hatteras, an iron side-wheeler with 8 
guns, was ordered to overhaul the Alabama. 
There was a sharp fight between the two 
but the inadequacy of the Hatteras was 
soon made evident for she was a mere 
shell. The action lasted 13 minutes and 
then the crew of our war-ship was hastily 
removed an<l she soon went down. The 
Alabama headed for Port Royal, Jamaica, 
landed her prisoners, and repaired damages 
which were not severe. 

Semmes was always making captures and 
Imrning vessels as he went from point to 
point. The English officials were con- 
stantly extending favors to Semmes, and 
thus he was enaljled to get into ports, and 

get out of them without injury, though 
our war-vessels were some time very near 

The depredations of the Alabama and 
Florida caused our Navy Department in 
the autumn of 1862 to make determined 
efforts for stopping these cruisers in their 
marauding careers. vSpecial vessels were 
fitted out, with good speed, to trace the 
Alabama and if possible to grapple with 
her. The next year the Alabama arrived, 
after various cruisings, at Cherbourg from 
the Cape of Good Hope. This was in 
June. Semmes intended to have his 
vessel docked and thoroughly repaired, 
but it seemed that permission was not 
speedily given, so the Alabama was still 
lying in the harbor when on the 14th of 
June Captain John A. Winslow, with the 
sloop-of-war Kearsearge steamed into 
Cherbourg. The Kearsearge was not far 
off when the news reached Winslow that 
the Alabama was near, and he immediately 
set forth hoping to have an engagement. 

The first thing he did, having located 
the privateer, was to .send a boat ashore 
and steam ot:t of the harbor, taking 
position outside and maintaining vigilant 
watch on the enemy. 

But it seemed that Semmes had no 
intention of running away. He informed 
his friends that he would fight the 
Kearsarge. We are told that for four 
days the Alabama was occupied uitli 
preparations and on the forenoon of the 
19th she went out. It was Sunda}-, 
weather good but with a slight fog. The 
Kearsarge, on watch, was lying the neces- 
sary three miles off when the Alabama 
came down escorted by a F'rench iron-clad, 
guarding the neutrality of the waters, and 
following was an English yacht, the 
Deer hound. It seems that Semmes plans 
had become known and the shore was 
filled with crowds of people to see the 

The description by Admiral James Rus- 
sell Sole}- is well worth quoting: "As the 
Alabama came out, the Kearsarge steamed 
off shore to be well outside the neutral 
limit and to prevent vSemmes from finding 
a refuge if the battle went against him. 

Minute Men of '61 


On reaching a point seven miles from 
land, the Kearsarge tvirned short around 
and steered for the enemy. The armament 
of the Kearsarge was seven guns of vary- 
ing calibre, weight of projectiles, 430 
pounds. The Alabama had eight guns 
of difTering calibre, weight of projectiles, 
360 pounds. As for speed the Kearsarge 
had somewhat the advantage, the 
Kearsarge had 163 men and the Alabama 
149, including officers in both cases. Both 
ships had their batteries pivoted to star- 
l)oard, the Alabama fighting seven guns on 
the engaged side, while the Kearsarge 
had five. The tonnage of the Kearsarge 
was 1031, and that of the Alabama, 1016. 

As soon as the Kearsarge had turne<l, 
the Alabama opened fire from a raking 
position, at a distance of a mile. The 
Kearsarge came on at full speed, receiving 
a second broadside and part of a third. 
Coming within 900 yards, she sheered off 
and returned the enemy's fire with her 
starboard battery At this point she took 
the offensive and endeavored to pass the 
stern of the Alabama and rake her. This 
the latter prevented by sheering, still 
keeping her starboard iKoadside to the 
sloop. These tactics were continued 
throughout the action. Both vessels cir- 
cled about a common center, keeping 
broadside to broadside, in this way thej' 
made several complete revolutions. The 
two ships gradually neared in their revolu- 
tions, till they were only five or six 
hundred yards apart. The sides of the 
Alabama, were torn b}- shell and her decks 
covered with killed and wounded. 

At noon, after the action had been con- 
tinued hotly for an hour, the Alabama 
ceased firing and headed for the shore, 
then five miles off. This exposed her port 
side and only two guns could be brought 
to bear. The ship was filling rapidly and 
as the water was rising in the fire-room, 
Semmes set his fore-trysail and jibs in 
hope of escaping into neutral water. The 
Kearsarge steered across his bow, and 
when Semmes saw that the end had come, 
struck his flag. The white flag was dis- 
pla}ed and the firing of the Kearsarge 

It was now a little past noon and the 
Alaljama was settleing preceptibly. A 
boat came alongside the Kearsarge to an- 
nounce the surrender, and to ask for 
assistance for the sinking vessel. The 
only two boats in the ship that were not 
disabled were lowered and sent to bring off 
the officers and crew. The Alabama's 
boat was allowed to go back for the same 
purpose; the officer commanding the boat 
gave his pledge that he would return, Imt 
he did not. 

At this moment the Deerhound ap- 
proached. She had been hitherto a 
spectator of the action. Winslow hailed 
the yacht and asked her to assist in bring- 
ing off the people of the Alabama. The 
Deerhound complied with his request, and 
heading for the Alabama, which was now 
going down rapidly, picked up 42 persons, 
and among whom were Semmes and 14 
oflficers. Then she steamed out across the 
channel to Southampton, England. 
Winslow's offirers implored him to throw 
a shell at the Deerhound when it was. 
found she was making off, but he refused, 
and very properly, as her participation in. 
the affair was due to his own suggestion. 
In making this suggestion it appeared to- 
have been Winslow's idea that the Deer- 
hound after receiving the fugitives would 
deliver them up to him as prisoners. But 
he had no right to expect anything of the 

The engagement lasted an hour and 
twenty minutes, after the last shot was 
fired the Alabama sunk out of sight. The 
number of casualties on board the defeated 
cruiser was not far from 40. 70 prisoners, 
were taken by the Kearsarge, three in a 
dying condition, and 17 wounded. Of the 
crew of the Kearsarge, three men were 
wounded by the bursting of a shell on the 
quarter-deck, one of whom afterwards 
died. 'With this exception no one was 

Great capital was made by Semmes and 
his friends, after the action, by asserting 
that the Kearsarge was covered with 
"chain-plating," and therefore was an 
iron clad. The plating consisted simply 
of 125 fathoms of sheet-chain, placed orL 


Minute Men of '61 

the vessel's side in the wake of the 
engine secured up and down by marlines 
to eye bolts in the planks and covering 
a space 50 feet in length by 6 in depth. 
It would have afforded no protection 
against a 100 pound projectile, if it had 
struck it. Asa matter of fact it was struck 
only twice. It had been put on a year 
before at the Azores, and no secret had 
ever been made of it. The talk about this 
supposed deception was greatly enlarged 
upon by the manv English admirers of 
Semmes' character and career. 

After this, cauisers of a later build, and 
quite dangerous, were sent out b}' the 
Confederacy, but nothing could equal the 
audacity of the Alabama. The Stonewall 
made some attempts toward the end of the 
war, 1865, and roused some fears which 
never materialized. The Stonewall was 
finally surrendered to the United States 
by the Spanish government. 

As Admiral Soley further says: "Com- 
merce destroying has Ijeen practiced on 
considerable scale in early wars, but the 
introduction of fast steamers enabled 
Semmes to carry his operation to a point 
of perfection that had never before been 
attained. He entered upon a cruise of the 

Alabama with a well considered plan of 
operation," In fact he pursued a strategy 
which was the result of a careful study 
of oceanic highways, he calculated times 
carefully in order to evade our cruisers, 
shifting hither and thither according to a 
well defined plan, and always arranging 
for coaling and supplies wth great 

It is now nearly fifty years, a half cen- 
tuy, since the Civil War ended. The 
war-ships of our present Navy are in strik- 
ing contrast with the craft we were obliged 
to use in the days gone by. Huge float- 
ing forts have taken the place of the 
monitors and frigates, swift torpedo boats 
and guns of wonderful capacity have sup- 
planted the weaker armaments of the 

But no record toda}- of personal valor 
can surpass that which was often manifes- 
ted by the officers and men of our Navy 
in that notable struggle. We must give 
credit by what was achieved amid great 
obstacles. In that light we may say in 
conclusion, that there is hardly a nobler 
history of naval defence and offence than 
that displayed by our union tars, from 
admirals to mess-boys, in the war for the 

Minute Men of '61 


JoSKPH A. l,ArnAM. Uuincy Point. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. H. 4th Mass.. and Co. K. ISth Mass., .'6th N. V. Cavalr; 


Minute Men of '61 

Cai't. Albert Prescott. Charlestown. Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Company K. Fifth Mass. Regt. 

Albert Prescott was born Fel). 19, 1830, 
in Charlestown, Mass. First ser.i^eant. 
Company K, Fifth ^Nlassachnsetts Volnn- 
teers, Minuite Men of '61, (3 months) 
April 19, 1861 to July 31, 1861; first ser- 
geant. Company B, Thirt_\ -Sixth Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers, July 30, 1862; Cap- 
tain Cotupany P., August 28, 1862, re- 
signed April 29, 1863; re-enlisted captain 
Company I, Fifty-.Seventh Massachusetts 
Volunteers March 2, 1864; major, June 

15, 1864; killed in the battle of the Mine,, 
near Petersburg, Va., July 30, 1864. 

The following from the Historian of the 
Fifty-Seventh Massachusetts Volunteers : 
"His character as a .soldier and citizen was 
upright and honorable. He was a man of 
genial disposition, generous hearted and a 
true friend. He fell with his sword drawn 
in defence of his country and died under 
the folds of the tattered flag which he had 
bravely defended and thus closed the 
pages of his earthh- life." 

Minute Men of '61 


Hexrv M. Hawkins 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. K, 5th Mass. Regt., Re-enlisted Co. C. 1st Heavy Artillery 

Henry M. Hawkins was born in Dover, 
N. H., Oct. 20, 1840. He enlisted in 
Company E, Fifth Massachusetts Infanrty, 
April 19, 1861 and was discharged July 31, 
1861. Sept. 1, 1861 was appointed hose- 
man of Engine 3, Boston Fire department. 
August 7, 1862 he enlisted in Company C, 
First Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, 
serving till expiration of term, July 8, 
1864. March 1, 1865, re-entered the fire 
department as assistant engineer of En- 
gine 3 and was promoted engineer of com- 

pany May 1, 1873. Detailed to repair 
shop in INIay 1875 in addition to duties on 
Engine 3. October 1890 relieved from 
duty with engine 3 and appointed Fore- 
man of repair shop, which title was 
changed to Assistant Superintendent 
January 24, 1895. IMay 22, 1896 promoted 
Superintendent of Repairs. F^eb. 16, 
1906 retired at own request. His an- 
cestors upon both sides were prominent in 
service under General Washington in the 
American revolution, were also in the 
Colonial wars. 


Minute Men of '61 

Catt. William P. Brown 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. I. 5th Mass. Re-enlisted Co. K, 39th Mass. Vol. 

William P. Brown, Ijorn in Deerham, N. 
S. Aug. 20, 1840. He enlisted from 
Wobnrn, Mass., and was enrolled in 
Company I, Fifth Massachusetts Volun- 
teers (Somerville, Minute Men of '61.) 
Re-enlisted as Sergeant in Company K, 
Thirty-Ninth Massachusetts for three 

Previous to the war he was engaged in 
the grocery business which he resumed 
upon his return home. 

In 1872 he sold his grocery business and 
engaged in manufacturing until 1890 at 
which date he entered the employ of the 
State as first clerk to the State Board of 

Charles a. L,egg. Worcester, Mass. 

Minute Men of '61 

Co. B, M\ Bat. Rifles, Sergt. Co. C, 1st Mass. Cav. 

ntnmW(il> \ \ 

March ?6'^t889 

what the Fathers left 
the Sons preserved 

/what THEY SAVli^' . 

Minute Men of '61 




Sufficient excuse for the appearance of 
this little volume will be found in the 
often repeated request, by my fellow- 
prisoners of war, that the '\Stars and 
Stripes" might he published for circula- 
tion among our personal friends. The 
general interest felt by the public at large 
in all the vicissitudes to which our sold- 
iers are liable, has proved its claim to be 
considered among the personal friends of 
the released prisoners of war. To the 
public, therefore, this book is sent out 
with a kindly greeting from the fourteen 
hundred soldiers released by the rebels in 
May last. 

Written with no thought of publication, 
but only to enliven some of the weary 
hours of a ten months' imprisonment, it 
is to be hoped the usual methods of criti- 
cism will not be applied to these product- 
ions. We know that those who waited 

through those long months for the return 
of exiled friends, will look with a kindly 
eye upon anything which will throw light 
upon those dark hours of prison-life. 

As prisoners of war, we were unable to 
fight for that glorious flag of our love," 
and naturally chose to call this collection 
of papers which should testif}- to our faith- 
fulness to our God, our countrj-, and our 
manhood, by that name dearest to our 
hearts — ' 'The Stars and Stripes ! ' ' 

To my fellow-prisoners, who, after 
weary months of confinement In- the 
rebels, have returned to hate the Rebel- 
lion the more, and who feel no duty in 
life so strong as that of forgetting all per- 
sonal hopes, until treason is banished 
from the land, this volume is respecsfully 

W. C. B. 
Boston, July, 1861. 


Minute Men of '61 


published by the U)i!0)i Lyain)i at J^aris/i Priscvi, A'. O. 


Vol. 1. 

XOVRMBKR 28, 1861. 

No. 1. 

In offering the first number of our new- 
paper we deem it unnecessary to ask for 
it the good will of all the members of our 
societ}' ; while to the world outside, we 
are confident the uplifting of the good 
old Flag in the midst of our enemies, will 
be received with heart}' welcomes. vShut 
out from the advantages of the press, the 
telegraph and the lyceum, we shall en- 
deavor to create a little world of our own, 
and to enjoy the benefits of a newspaper, 
the debate, and social gathering. To this 
end we have organized an association with 
every prospect of success, and this paper 
is to be our organ. We shall endeavor to 
secure the latest reports of battle, of our 
prospects of release, and of all items of 
interest. By the aid of an efficient corps 
of reporters we shall be able to present 
each issue the latest and most reliable re- 
ports; while having secured from among 
our number the best talent, we shall also 
be able to present the finest literary efforts 
of the finest writers; our columns will be 
open to all, but all personalities will be 
carefully omitted. We shall treat impar- 
tially upon all matters of interest in our 
society, and endeavour to promote its in- 
terests everywhere; shall be the unflinch- 
ing advocate of the policy of our 
government, and permit nothing detri- 
mental to its interests to find place in our 
columns. Entreating the contributions of 
our members, we laamch our little craft 
upon the tide of public favor. Calling to 
our aid all our friends, asking the charity 
of all, we offer this first number. 


This has been accepted as the title of 
our new Society, and we think very 
appropriately. As prisoners, the name 
Union means all that is dear to our hearts; 
and separated from all the blessings of 
that Union, we give to our association this 
name, which will insure its success. 
It is the intention of the association to 
hold weekly meetings, to participate in 
readings and declamations, and the 
reading of our paper. At our last meeting 
the following list of officers were chosen: 

President, W. C. Bates, Massachusetts 
/ 'ice-President ,\N .H.Scoit, Ohio 
Secretary, C. S. Chapman , Michigan 
Editor ,Q,^o.t.Q\\\\(\^, Massachusetts 

Delmte Coinuiittee, 

L/. Warren, Ohio 

E.K. Smith, Ohio 

Declamation Com m ittee 

\ H.O.Bixbv, New Jersey 
\ Alex. Parker, Ohio 


\\"ith but few means at our disposal, 
whereby we may judge of the progress of 
the war, and those coming from one side, 
it may seem entireU' speculative to con- 
sider for a few moments the prospect of a 
speedy termination of the war and the 
overthrow of this bogus confederacv, 
wliich, after virtuall}- ruling this nation 
for a quarter of a century, has, upon its 
downfall from power, attempted to estab- 
lish a government founded upon the worst 
principles of injustice and oppression. 

Minute Men of '61 


The question is our government progress- 
ing as rapidly as is possible in the subjuga- 
tion of the rebellion? is often asked. 
With plenty of money, an abundance of 
men, and, as we have every reason to 
believe, the sympathy of the civilize<l 
world, are they doing all they should 
in ending this terrible war? Our main 
purpose in treating of this subject is to 
answer, as far as possible, the many com- 
plaints heard on everj- hand that our 
government has failed to perform her 
promises. At the commencetient of this 
contest it was hardly supposed the rebel- 
lion extended beyond the Cotton States; 
and either by the aid, or at least the 
neutrality of the Border States, but little 
doubt was held that before winter the 
rebellion would be overthrown. But as 
one after another of the Border States 
yielded to the force of circumstances and 
swelled the rebel forces, and enlisted their 
fortunes under the reljel banner, it became 
apparent that an immense force and a 
longer time would be necessary to prove 
our government strong enough to punish 
treason at home and restore our land to its 
former Union and harmony. Of the dis- 
aster at Manassas, Big Bethel, and else- 
where, I need not pause to consider. 
That they were mistakes, gigantic 
mistakes, which in a nation less powerful, 
with a people less patriotic than ours, 
would have stamped its ruin, none will 
deny. But months have elapsed since 
these disasters, and what has been done? 
Our army has been increased in numbers 
and strengthened in discipline; our navy 
has been changed from the least efficient 
to the most powerful in the world, and we 
stand today on the threshold of great 
events, invincible. We read, it is true, of 
disaster, but it comes from southern 
sources; while from Hatteras, from Port 
Royal, from Beaufort, come the words of 
encouragement which teach us that the 
enemy are being surrounded and discom- 
fited. The cause is .steadily advancing, 
and the brightness of the future casts its 
light upon the present. Our hosts are 
assuredly marching on to victory. \\'ith 
the prayers of thousands of mothers, 
fathers, and friends, with God on our side. 

and ju.stice written upon our arms, victory 
will surely be ours. P'ear not and faint 
not; our cause is right and will surely 
triumph. Doubt not, our (iod is strong 
enough and will crush out this wickedness 
ere long. 


"In each event of life how clear 
Thy ruling hand I see" 

One who has been in battle, with Death 
whispering and beckoning on every hand, 
in the whiz of bullet or whirr of cannon- 
ball, with shells Inirsting, and cannon 
belching forth its thunder, now takin%^ the 
hurried farewell words of a dying friend, 
or bearing the mutilated body of a 
wounded comrade out of range of the 
thoughtless metal at its close finding him- 
self alive and unharmed, must have the 
question to ask of the Fates, Why was 
I not killed? Nor can he satisfy himself 
by averring in answer, his friends, his- 
position, his high hopes, youth, wisdom, 
good resolutions for the future, or his 
insignificance, that one or many of these 
saved his life, for he knows that these 
were equally the possession of manj' a 
noble comrade whose friends now name 
him with hushed voice and tearful eyes; 
he can only conclude that it was the will 
of God. To Him I owe my life. For 
what purpose He saved ni}- life in pre- 
ference to others, I know not. From 
thence is not the conclusion clear to a 
thoughtful person: I owe then my services 
to Him , to do His will henceforth is my 
constant duty. He must have work for me 
to do. Is it in myself? I will dense 
myself from every sin. Is it for my fellow 
men? I will be open to catch the first 
whisper of His will. Gladly, gladly, will 
I for evermore devote myself to His 


No question is so often discussed , and 
none upon which there is such a variety of 
opinions as that which so directly effects 
us prisoners, and which is the subject 
of this article. Every heart beats anx- 
iously to hear of the least movement on 
the part of our government which tend 


Minute Men of '61 

to either an exchange or parole. Rvery 
(lav, and almost every hour, reports come 
to us (many of them no (loul)t manufac- 
tured), of movements which seem to tend 
to a speedy relief. What are really the 
facts, and what hope can we lay hold 
of regarding a speedy return to our homes ? 
It will be generally conceded that our 
government will never consent to a direct 
exchange, and but few would wish to see 
it done. (_)ur trust, then, lies either in 
the capture of this city by our forces, the 
speedy termination of this war, or in a 
mutual parole of all the prisoners. < )ur 

forces are, according to the best informa- 
tion, on the eve of attacking Columbus, 
and should they succeed in capturing 
that citv, our enemies concede this place 
could make but little resistance. That 
our fleet will at present advance upon the 
city seems hardly prol:)able, although a 
fortnight since we should not have been 
surprised if they had done so. From all 
information we can receive we have little 
hope that we shall hear at present the 
tramp of Freedom's forces in this city 
of rebellion. Whatever prospect there 
may be of an early settlement of this war, 
we leave our readers to determine from 
the debate of today. It would seem that 
whatever our government intends doing 
in regard to a parole should be done at 
once, and from the signs of the times 
we are glad to believe the most strenuous 
efforts are being made by our friends to 
induce our government to consent a parole. 
But we must not feel uneasy if it requires 
a long time to change the policy of a 
nation, which determining at the outset 
to refuse all recognition of this bogus 
government, will be obliged to concede 
something even in paroling. We cannot 
but feel hopeful M'hen we realize the great 
principle involved in our release. No 
soldier can go into battle with confidence 
if the prospect of a long imprisonment is 
before him, and we feel assured our 
government is fully aware of this. Friends 
are working, thousands of prayers are 
daily ascending for our return, and with 
faith and patience we await the good time 
coming when the joyful "Home again" 
shall sound. We can faintly picture the 

jov, the glad shouts which will ascend 
when, once more freemen, we shall stand 
under the folds of our dear old flag. Cheer 
up, ve faint-hearted who lose confidence 
in our government; our friends do not 
forget us, our government does not forget 
us, and, dearer consolation than all, our 
Father above does not forget iis, but with 
his everlasting care and love is ever 
near us. 


Bread — Readily taken in small quanti- 

Bone — Sales small, owing to change 
of guard. 

Soup — Considerable decrease, owing to 
the abundance of water. 

Rice — None in market 

Meat — Pfeavy 

WOEEEN.S — Very almndant in the form 
of rags. 


On Thursday of last week, one Fungel 
was arrested in this city, charged with 
being one of a secret society, numbering 
5,000 members, pledged to forward the 
interest of the Lincoln government. We 
trust he may be guilty. 

The 1 tone-market seems to be over- 
stocked with the common qualities. 
Rings are round, while toothpicks con- 
tinue pointed. The imports have been 
irregular, parties take salt, soap, vinegar 
on call; tea continues stead}, two thirds 
orange leaves, the other third doubtful. 

Some of the citizens appeared at the 
review on Saturday- without arms. Better 
been without arms than without legs at 

The Federal troops have not jet attacked 
Cokimbus, may they soon come down out 
of Egypt and smite the Philistines. 

It was announced by a criminal, on 
Tuesday, the Columbus and Llobile were 
taken; but as he was in for only three 
months his report was not believed. ( )nly 
first-class criminals need report in future. 

Some suppose the Provost - Marshal 
comes into the yard three times a week 
to see the prisoners of war. His real 
object is to get the news. 

Minute Men of '61 


Whatever may be the "fortunate num- 
ber, " it is evident the "Union Lycenm" 
thinks most of Xo. S. 

( )ur Richmond exchanges continue to 
indulge in select Billingsgate on each 
arri\al of prisoners. 

South Carolina proposes to treat the 
invaders as Governor Wise ilid John 
Brown, we rather think the hanging will 
be on the other side this time. 

Toda\' is generally set apart as the time 
honored Thanks-giving day. Dear old 
New England custom ! Whose heart 
does not .soften at the thovight of the 
faniih' gatherings ! God bless every home 
on Thanks giving da\' ! 

The Confederates expect an immediate 
attack at Columljus and Manasses. 

The "dearest right" to petition has 

been exercised by our comrades in con- 
sequence of the Grand consolidation move 
of the prison cajtain. Who has not 
admired the compact manner in which 
.spoons are packed by jewellers? Who 
likes to sleep spoon-fashion for all that? 

The boys in Xo. 4 who were so frigh- 
tened by finding a few grains of rice 
in their soup on Tuesday, are recovering. 
Joe Mullaly assures us it was all a 


A prayer meeting wiil be held in Cell 
No. 4, 2d floor, on Sal)bath morning, at 9 
o'clock; on Wednesday, in Cell No. 2, 
2d floor, at 2 p. m, A Bible-class is held 
every Sunday at 1 p. m., in cell X^'o. 8, 2d 

Minute Men of '61 



Published by the I'liion Lyceum at Parisli Prison, N. O. 


Vol. 1. 

DFXRMBER 5, 1861. 

No. 2 

The first meeting of our Society was 
held on Thursday, the twenty-eighth 
ultimo. The President, W. C. Bates, ac- 
cepted the office in a few well-chosen re- 
marks. A debate then occurred upon the 
following : "Resolved, that the present 
war will be ended by the Spring of 1862." 
The debate was ably conducted by Messrs. 
Scott, Warren, Parker, Stiles and Smith. 
With the reading of the "Stars and 
Stripes," and miscellaneous business, the 
meeting closed. The interest taken by 
the members in the exercises, and the 
great number of our friends who were 
present, must have convinced all that our 
Society was sure to succeed. W'e were 
gratified beyond measure to see that the 
efforts of the founders of our little Society 
were so far stamped with success. It 
needs work — needs the hearty co-operation 
of all, needs a deep interest in all the pro- 
ceedings, a sacrifice of personal feelings to 
the general interest — to place our Society 
on a permanent foundation. We feel 
assured of these, and thus hold no ques- 
tion of the success of the Union Lyceum. 


Twenty-five thousand men, and forty- 
three vessels, are reported to be near 
Savannah. An expedition to Charleston, 
under Butler, is talked of. It is reported 
our government has six hundred thosuand 
men in the field, completely armed and 

Secretary Chase stated in New York, 
that our government saw their wav clearlv 

to crush the rebellion, and the publi: 
would soon hear tidings of success more 
effective than that from Port Royal and 
the West. Our army will not go into 
winter quarters in Virginia, but will pro- 
ceed activel}- during the winter. A des- 
patch from the commander of the flotilla 
which is to operate on the Mississippi, 
says he is making rapid progress. The 
Constitution, the largest wooden steamer 
in the world, has left Boston with three 
Massachusetts regiments for an expedi- 
tion to the southern coast. Ship Island we 
expect. The "St. Louis Democrat" pro- 
poses that our vessels should skate down 
the Mississippi. 

General Wool is reported to have two 
ship-loads of rebel prisoners at Fort Mon- 
roe, with instructions to effect an ex- 
change of some kind. 


There will be a prayer meeting in Cell 
No. 4, on Sunday a. m., at nine o'clock, 
and in Cell No. 2, Wednesday at 2 p. m. 
A Bible class is held in Cell No. 8, each 
Sunday at 1 p. m. All are invited to 


It would be very difficult to determine 
what proportion of man's happiness is de- 
rived from the pleasures of memory. In 
some situations of life this becomes almost 
the only source of comfort, and even in 
the most favorable of outward circum- 
stances we owe much to the unsubstantial 

366 Minute Men of '61 

pageants memory causes to pass before Memor)- double's a man's life ; ^ve live 
our mind's eye. We should not, perhaps not only the present Ijut the past ; and 
have missed this facultv of memory had Hope adds another life as enticing, but 
our beneficent Father left it out of our more dovibtful, than the others. If the 
constitution ; but to his love we owe all present is cheerless, and the future a 
the hope and inspiration which this l)lank on which Hope hestitates to write 
faculty gives us. her predictions, we can turn to the past, 
We say the pleasures of memory ; for the young past of a few months ago or the 
even in those sad thoughts of days of dis- old past of years, and somewhere, in 
aster now long gone by is there not a every life, we can find a cottage or a 
melancholy pleasure you would not fore- place to shelter till the present returns to 
go ? Would you forget that last sad smile its allegiance and grants us happy hours, 
of the one who left you years ago for the It is sometimes argued that the clearer 
better land? Those few words of parting, consciousness of the next world will pre- 
though dropping through a shower of sent every event of this life to our memory 
tears, would you forget one of them? with life-like accuracy; that not a mis- 
How plainly can you yet see the first deed or mischance can then be forgotten, 
school-house, and event upon event which If this be so, how nmch need there is of 
there made vour happiness? With a writing over each dav with generous noble 

slight effort, you can even repeat the ^^'^^ ^ ^^'^^ ^■^^," '^ becomes the past, 

, , 1 .. , Meniorv mav allure us with pleasures 

words of commendation the teacher used rather than threaten us with her chastise- 

upon some special occasion. ments. 

By Kebuts 

"The quill from pinions of one goose we fetch 
Opinions of another goose to sketch . ' ' 

Let epic poets roar and thunder, 

And all the world be dumb with wonder ; 

Let tragic bards, to horrify us, 

With subjects dire and awful ply us ; 

Content, I sing a little thing, — 

A goose-quill pen from goose's wing. 

The ancients wrote with sharpened reeds, 

And chronicled their wondrous deeds. 

Whate'er they would hand down to us. 

They wrote it with a calamus. 

Thus Homer wrote, and Aeschylus, 

Thus Tully, Horace, Tacitus, 

Thucydides, Demosthenes, 

And Xenophon, and many men 

Whom I must now forbear to name ; 

Their writings still much notice claim. 

If history we rightly quote. 

Minute Men of '61 367 

Mahomet's clerk the Koran wrote 

(Mahomet to write had never learned) 

With charcoal, or a sharp stick burned, 

On clean, white shoulder-blades of sheep, 

Then threw 'em in a chest to keep ; 

A chapter on each shoulder-blade, — 

So these combined the Koran made. 

The seventh century of our era 

(About the time there is some query, 

Whether seventh or sixth I can't just state.) 

Produced a man of genius great, 

Who introduced a pen, — much better, 

And made posterity his debtor. 

This man from Folley's ebmlem plucked 

The tools which Wisdom used to instruct. 

The benefactors of the race 

In history oft find no place 

We ne'er shall know who, first of men, 

For writing used a goose-quill pen ; 

Was he a Greek or Roman, Goth or Hun ? 

Who was his father ? who his son ? 

Not from the eagle, that high flier, 

Nor from the swan, that all admire, 

The implements of Wisdom came. 

But from the goose, that men defame. 

From this, if rightly I discern, 

A useful lesson we may learn : 

"Small things we never shall despise, 

Nor turn our nose up if we're wise." 

Poets, twelve centuries or more. 

Have used the goose's wings to soar ; 

And, in return, there's not a gander 

Or goose but what they pluck and slander. 

Now writers have so multiplied 

With quills they ne'er could be supplied. 

Besides, 'tis proper, all must feel. 

An Iron Age should write with steel. 


Minute Men of '61 


The past week has been rather devoid 
of incident. In another column may be 
found several items of news, some of 
which may be reliable. Oiir exchanges 
have been very irregular of late ; indeed 
only one of our contemporaries having 
come to hand, and that being French and 
our interpreter in the dungeons, we are 
saved the necessit}^ of denying any of its 
facts i ! "All Fools' Day" seems to come 
oftener in this climate than any other. 
To judge by the various reports circulated, 
one would suppose it a perpetual April 1. 
The last canard is the capture of JefT. 
Davis. We expect to hear he was visiting 
Boston incog, and was captured by Gen. 
Fremont at Cairo or Ship Island. 

The markets remain firm. A ration of 
beef finds buyers at one quarter loaf. 
Bread continues the chief circulating 
medium, mainly in small denominations — 
quarters and halves. Soup varies ; 
readily taken in small quantities as 
"extra." Imports have been almost ex- 
clusively confined to molasses, which is. 
now out of the market. 

Most of our citizens at this time engage 
in hunting expeditions. The game is 
abundant ; limited in variety, but un- 
limited in quantity. 

Query. Is the "bone of contention" 
best fitted for rings, toothpicks, or slides > 
We have just learned of the capture of 

JefT. D. He was taken by , a 


Minute Men of '61 371 



I propose to give in homely rhyme 
A few hints to those who are prone 

To spend the slow hours of prison-tinK 
In manufacturing bone. 

For though the labor is hard indeed, 
And in money but very small pay, 

Yet it gives us the exercise we need 
To keep disease away. 

And first of all a bone must be got, 

Which as bones are weighed, not made, 

Is not an easy task I wot, 

Where so many are in the trade. 

Here I'll tell you a plan you can try, — 
It has Dominique for a voucher, — 

He says that bones can be got on the sly, 
By giving a ring to the butcher. 

Bones that are raw are best I opine, 

(Though some prefer bones that are boiled,) 

As the first will easily take a shine, 

For which in vain on the other I've toiled. 

It matters not much which you take. 
If 'tis only heavy, clear, and bright, 

And if a thing of value you'd make, 
Your bone must be perfectly white. 

Now, here let me advise, 

That you have saw and knife of your own. 
For at least 'tis very unwise 

To be bothering friends for a loan. 

372 MiNXJTE Men of '61 

you If borrow my saw, 'tis my hope 
That yoiril use it as I myself do, 

Put on plenty of water and soap. 
And carry your hand firm and true. 

If any device you w^ould raise 

On the top of the ring that you make, 
The edge of the bone you always 

For the face of the ring must take.. 

If the bone is to be reduced. 

The light-colored stones are quickest ; 
But for giving the finishing touch, 

The dark-colored stones are the slickest. 

I'll tell you where is the best one, — 

Near the barrels on the side next the tub, 

Where, if any nice work is to be done, 
I give the finishing rub. 

To assist you in shaping the bone. 

And briefly — I'll only just say. 
That at the point where most weight is put on^ 

The bone will wear fastest away. 

By experience here I have found 
That in making the hole for a ring, 

A piece of cloth round your knife-handle wound 
Is what sojer boys call — -"a big thing." 

For something them inside and out, 
A properly shaped piece of brick 

Is better, beyond a doubt, 

Than the old-fashioned sand on a stick. 

Minute Men ov '61 373 

If like a very rare ffeni, 

You'd have them take polish as bright, 
111 soap and water just put them, 

And let them lie there over night- 

-A piece of thick woollen cloth 

With some brick-dust sprinkled thereon, 
Is the best thing that I enow of, 

To put a finish on bone. 

X)on't make your ring too stout, 

Beaut}' for lack of strength will atone. 

Who wishes to carry about 

A great clumsy chunk of a bone ? 

If a handsome stiletto you'd make, 

That you'll not be ashamed to carry home, 

'The greatest care you should take 
In shaping the finger and thumb. 

"Would you get up a book, an anchor, or heart, 

That you may expect to admire, 
'Give it the utmost extent of your art. 

No matter how much time t'will require. 

We know that rings must buy bread, 
But remember the dear ones at home. 

And make up some nice things ahead, 

To carry when the "good time" shall come. 

The "good time" is coming my friends. 

May it see none but joyful tears ; 
Grind bone 'till captivity ends. 

And away with your doubts and your fears. 

S. B. S. 

Minute Men of '61 



Vol 1 

Piiblis/icd l\v tlic I 'iiioii Lyccion at Parisli Piisoii, X. O. 


DECEMBER 12, 1861. 

No. 3 

The success which has attemled the 
past efforts of those interested in the wel- 
fare of this Society, should Ijy no means 
be suffered to undergo a change. Its 
future success will depend upon the ala- 
crity with which members perform their 
duties, either allotted or inferred. Of the 
latter class of duties I have a word to saw 
The duty of an editor is to select, from 
the many articles which ought to Ije given 
him, the best ; to write an editorial and 
read the papers. The duty of each mem- 
ber of this Society is to write an article 
at least once in two weeks, and hand it to 
the editor at least one da}- before the day 
appointed for its reading. Do not charge 
us, we pray you, with being of a complain- 
ing disposition, for the performance of 
this duty b}- each member will not only 
benefit the present editor but all those 
who are to come after. One word to the 
Committee on Debate. It is verj- evident 
the debates have not been as interesting 
as could be wished ; this is easily ac- 
counted for on the ground that the mem- 
bers do not feel at home yet. If the com- 
mittee will select some simple ciuestion, 
on which those among us who are un- 
initiated may launch themselves, we have 
no doubt they will soon take part ; we beg 
then, that the committee will avoid the 
selection of such questions as even in 
their very reading make the timid afraid. 

Our exchanges have been very irregular 
the past week, as our principal carrier has 
removed to Baton Rouge (Penitentiarv) . 

Some four hundred and ninety of our 
community were suddenly arrested on 
\\'ednesday, and locked up at a moment's 
warning, — and that too, jiist at the time 
we are wont to expect the cheering dinner 
call. Some thought the Parol of Honor 
was about to be administered, others that 
it was in retaliation of the treatment of 
vSlidell and INIason /; the real cause porved 
to Ije that one of our number used disre- 
pectful language to the gentlemanly 
criminal in charge of the door. There is 
some talk of a telegraph from Ship Island 
to the Parish Prison, for the accommoda- 
tion of the Yankees. The firm of Mason 
and Slidell have gone-- not into insol- 
vency — Imt into Fort Warren. General 
Floyd has "fallen back" again, not re- 
treated ! Oh no, only Federal troops do 
that. We have but few sailors among us, 
yet all would like to be on board the Ship 
Island. The occupants of Cell No. 1, 
"down stairs," will doubtless be glad to 
learn their close confinement on Wednes- 
day was a mi.stake. 


—Sinclair, Esq., has removed, this 
Thursday morning, to— the dungeon ; no 
visitors expected unless bringing their 

Query — Is the thirrl floor called the 
Gallery from the loose character of the 
former female occupants ? 

One of the most beautiful sights we 
have ever witnessed, is to be seen every 
Sunday morning in one of the cells of 
this pri.son, where formerly nothing but 


Minute Men of '61 

blasphemy and vileness ascended and 
reached the ears of the Recording Angel ; 
now in this place a band of devoted dis- 
ciples of Christ meet and adore their Re- 
deemer, where the name of the Deity is 
only mentioned with re\-erence and love. 
How pleasing this mnst be to onr God ; 
and what a glorious answer is this to the 
unfounded accusations of our enemies. 
We have more reason to feel proud of this 
element amongst us than we have of au}- 
other. Do "vile, illiterate, God-forsaken 
men," establish meetings where the mind 
is developed, enlarged and refined, or 
where our Father is worshipped ? Never 
were our enemies farther from the truth 
than when thej' said we looked as though 
the Almighty had deserted us. What 
miserable, narrow-minded men must they 
be who, judging l^y a man's outward ap- 
pearance, condemn his moral reputation ! 
Men who will not honestly inquire into 
the circumstances, but rush headlong to 
untruthful conclusions. May the prayer- 
meetings continue to receive the approval 
of Hi n to whom they are dedicated ; and 
may those of us who have taken on our- 
selves the name of Christ, be incased in 
the invulnerable armor of Light ; and, 
filled with the Holy Spirit, push on to re- 
newed conquests, and earn those wreaths 
of glory awarded to all brave and valiant 
Knights of the Cross. 

The following paragraph having ap- 
peared in one of the New Orleans papers, 
we have undertaken to give a little ex- 
planation for the benefit of those who do 
not fairly iinderstand it : — ' 'An armj' 
order, issued by Cameron, lately, directs 
all officers and enlisted men of the Fed- 
eral VoU;nteer service, now prisoners in 
the hands of the Confederates, or reported 
as missing in action, to be transferred to 
skeleton regiments, to be formed by the 
Governors of the respective States, and to 
consist entirely of such missing officers 
and men. The vacancies thus occasioned 
in the regiments will be filled by the 
Governors of the various States to which 
the regiments belong." This means, as 
we understand it, that all the soldiers 
coming from any one State and now lield 

pri-soners, — or as the paragraph reads, re- 
ported missing in action, — are now to be 
formed into one regiment .; it will there- 
fore be a regiment in name only. When- 
ever it shall be the good fortune of these 
men to Ije released, they will report them- 
selves to the Governor of their State, and 
he will do with them as he sees fit. In 
the meantime he is ordered to make up 
the deficiencies occasioned by such cir- 
cumstances, that is to say, if five hundred 
Ohio men were missing, then the Gover- 
nor will cause to be recruited a like num- 
ber and place them at the disposal of the 
general government, which will, on the 
arrival of the men at headquarters, send a 
sufficient number to fill the vacancies in 
each regiment. We imagine the object of 
this action of the government is, in the 
first place, to keep a systematic account of 
all the men now absent, so as to provide 
for their pay, etc.; and, in the second 
place, to make the regiment to which 
these absent men belonged, full. We do 
not see that this order is to affect our 
hopes of release, — would that it did pro- 
vide for us. Our position as a truthful 
expositor of passing events, forbids us en- 
couraging the idea — with which some are 
carried away — that this order is a provis- 
ion for our expected return home. 

All persons desiring to establish among 
the strangers visiting the prison, the im- 
pression that we have set up our stomachs 
as household gods, and of gaining a repu- 
tation for greediness and beastly behavior, 
are requested to meet every noon around 
the barrel containing the extra soup. It 
is the general desire they meet iu such 
numbers as cannot fail to terrify specu- 
lators, and consequently produce a decline 
in the pork market. Special meetings of 
this body will be called on appearance of 
any empty molasses barrel. 


Mr. Editor, — Sir : — Allow me, through 
the columns of your valuable paper, to 
offer a slight rebuke to a class of indi- 
viduals, of whom I am sorry to say there 
are quite a number amongst us. I de- 

Minute Men of '61 


nominate them "the growlers," and 
tlieir chief offence consists in their com- 
])]ainintj continnally of the I'ederal gov- 
ernment becanse it does not gratifv the 
vSonthern confederacy' and them, hy con- 
senting to a regular exchange of prisoners. 
Ivct me, Sir, in as brief a manner as pos- 
sible, endeavor to show them the folly and 
selfishness of such a course. It is ac- 
knowledged on all hands that if the Fed- 
eral government agrees to exchange pri- 
soners, in the manner usual between two 
nations at war with each other, it will 
\irtually acknowledge this so-called 
Southern confederacy to have the rights 
of a nation. The course of our govern- 
ment, the opinions of the press, and the 
anxious endeavor of the rebels to bring 
about such an arrangement, are sufficient 
evidence to establish the po.sition I have 
assumed, without recourse to further argu- 
ment. It will not be denied that the fond 
hope and chief reliance of the leaders of 
this rebellion was in the belief that 
foreign governments would be obliged 
to recognize them. The most sanguine of 
them have been obliged to relinquish all 
hope of such an event. Would it then be 
wise for our own government to adopt the 
very course that in other nations they have 
been exerting strenuous efforts to prevent ? 
Can we be so selfish as to imagine for one 
moment that it is the duty of our govern- 
ment to .sacrifice the welfare of twenty 
millions of people, and of who can tell 
how many millions yet unborn, for the 
sake of returning to civilized life two or 
three thousand men who volunteered their 
lives, if need be, to protect the govern- 
ment the}- now so unjustly censure. I 
should consider it one of the greatest evils 
that could befall me, if, for a single 
moment, my fidelity to the Federal gov- 
ernment should be doubted. Our suffer- 

ings are as nothing compared with those 
of our forefathers in their struggle to 
establish what we now sujjport. It is 
natural that men should grow irritible and 
gloomy, situated as we are, and if one 
does not carefully examine the case, he 
will be apt to find fault with our govern- 
ment ; we hope, however, these few words 
will call all back to reason. Depend upon 
it our government is, and has lieen, doing 
all that consistently lies in its power to re- 
lease us. I doubt not it has nuule honor- 
able proposals to our captors for our 
release, but they have been rejected 
simply because they do not gratify their 
pride and fulfill their hopes of recognition. 
If it is possible for our government to 
release us, they will. Let us, then, bear 
up bravel}' under our trials until such time 
as either our \ictorious arms or successful 
diplon:acy may honorably release us. 
Truly yours, 


Died in the Hospital, December Stli, vS. 
H. Willey, of the 11th Massachusetts 
Regiment. — Death has again visited us 
and taken away a young man, who by 
his quiet and gentlemanly Ijehavior had 
made many friends. The very name by 
which he was known is a simple tribute of 
respect felt for him by those who knew 
him. No rude, quarrelsome, or unkind 
young was ever able to keep with him, 
until manhood, a name with which in- 
nocence and modesty belong! "Little 
Willey" is dead! and hard may 
seem for a young man to sicken and die 
without the tender nursing of a mother, or 
the loving evidences of affection and care 
from dear relatives, we must humbly bow 
our heads, snd prepare ourselves for a 
journey to "the bourne from which no 
"traveller returns. 


Minute Men of '61 


Vol 1. 

Piib/is/ifd by the Vuioii Lyceum at Parish Priso//, uV O. 


DECEMBKR 19, 1S61. 

Xo. 4 



OF 1861 

Wooden shoes are superior to leather 
ones ; they are more pliable. Cotton cloth 
is far warmer than woolen and more en- 
durable. When enough corn is raised in 
one crop to supply the people for two 
years, it is necessary to raise the price two 
hundred per cent, higher than when none 
is grown. Rye coffee is much superior to 
Mocha. All the soldiers in the Southern 
army are "gentlemen ;" — (query, what 
kind of a gentleman is the individual who, 
for the last two or three days, has carried 
out the refuse ?) Red, blue or green 
pieces of pasteboard are superior to coin as 
a circulating medium. In the South, 
there are any quantity of fine salt mines, 
yet the people prefer to use coarse. 
Orange-leaves make much better tea than 
hyson does. The Southern army is al- 
ways victorious, and yet never fails to fall 
back when the enemy advances ; and it is 
an utter impossibility for them to lose 
more than one man. 


Side by side with the many noble names 
which are wiitten all over the history of 
the Revolutionary struggle, stands also 
the indelible record of those who forfeited 
manhood, who sacrificed country for 
wealth or honor. What school boy, as his 
heart fills with pride at the daring deeds 
of Marion and Sumpter, does not turn to 

the list of recreants which darkens everv 
page, with scorn and contempt ! Who, 
in his mature manhood, as he drops a tear 
upon the grave of Warren, does not feel 
his cheek tingle at the name of Arnold ! 
In this second contest, equaling if not 
surpassing that of the Revolution in the 
principles involved, what will be the 
record of those who, without the excuse 
of Southern education, sympathize with 
and even aid the enemies of free institu- 
tions and of all most dear to mankind ! 
If history writes the names of the tories of 
'76 with nothing but scorn, and even 
those to wdioiii they sold their countrv ig- 
nore their friendship and acquaintance, 
what will she say of those who could be- 
tray a nation whose success or failure 
stamped the fate of republican institutions 
forever, without even the hope of the re- 
ward of wealth or position ! If the lives 
of the former are covered with infamv,. 
what shall be the record of those who, in 
the darkest hour of their country's need, 
proved traitors to their trust and man- 
hood ! In the days of suiTering and dark- 
ness, without pay, food, or clothing, some 
left their country's cause and joined her 
enemies, but they were few ; and, with 
the promise of comfort and almost luxury, 
our wonder is that their number is not 
larger ; but what shall be the excuse of 
the man}' of this day who, because suffer- 
ing from a prolonged imprisoment, freely 
offered to enlist under the rebel banner, 
and fight to destroy a nation, but for the 
benefit of whose free schools and free 
institutions, would have died in ignorance 

Minute Men of '61 


and perhaps .-rime ! We have heard 
among our number the remark from 
some, that they would not again fight for 
a government which would not protect its 
soldiers from imprisonment. You never 
enlisted to fight for a government alone ; 
you are fighting for a principle dearer 
than life to every manl\- heart. CiO join 
the traitor's crew ! We would rather 
meet you as a foe than stand with )'OU 
under our flag which you would disgrace ; 
— rather, far rather, see you boldly lift 
3-our traitorous arm to strike down that 
flag, than to sell your land by treachery, 
or associate with those who hold no sacri- 
fice too dear for their country's welfare. 
You have acted the traitor's part, and de- 
serve a traitor's doom. There are a few 
who assert they were forced to enlist. 
Shame upon him who declares this ! 
How dared ^^ou, when }our arm was 
needed to defend your land from ruin, 
wait one hour without offering it freely 
and willingly ! God forbid any such 
should fall and have their names recorded 
by the side of the heroes who have died 
for the right. As in "Honor's immortal 
Tablets" there will be a place for John- 
son, Ellsworth, Scott, and the many who 
have stood nobly for the right, — brighter 
and purer than the patriots of '76, — so will 
the list of those who are recreant now be 
infinitely blacker and more contemptible 
than those who were Tories then. 


All prisoners of war leaving for the 
North during the month of December are 
cautioned that the weather there is gener- 
ally cooler at this season than here, and it 
would be well to get accustomed to the 
wearing of pants or jackets before leaving 
these present quarters ; otherwise their 
awkwardness may attract atteniton in 
Washington and at home. To prevent 
any bad resiilts from too sudden change 
of diet, the authorities have changed the 
morning-call from ' 'Tea- ho" to ' 'Rye-O! ' ' 
The prisoners will be duly notified of anj' 
change of vegetables. Beefsteaks will be 
furnished in the spring — perhaps. 


In ancient times th- fate of nations was 
foretold by the flight of birds. Ye.sterday 
.si.x geese flew over the yard — northward. 
Our readers may infer this to foreliode 
that we are to leave for home in six days, 
six weeks, or six months, about as definite 
as the Delphic oracles ever were. 

Beauregard has not yet advanced on 
Washington, nor will he- while he remains 
where he now is. This is the most im- 
portant news we have of the army of the 

There are four war-vessels at the mouth 
of Mobile Bay. It is generally believed 
General INIcClellan has recommended a 
general exchange of prisoners. One hun- 
dred and fifty prisoners were sent to 
Columbus by the Federals last week. ; 
they were sent up the river on guard the 
same night. Were they paroled ? 

General McCulloch refused to obey an 
order of General Price lately. When 
rogues fall out, honest men take courage. 
The grand jury, alias "prison commis- 
sioners," or whatever the}- may be called, 
visited the prison on Saturday last, and it 
is understood they were highly pleased by 
the variety of costume presented by our 
U. S. soldiers in confinement. The result 
of their inspection is not yet manifest ; 
certainly we are not less crowded, and 
bread is no more plenty. 

The report that General McClellan has 
been authorized to exchange prisoners, 
needs confirmation. A report, seeminglj' 
reliable, reached us today that Columbus 
was attacked j-esterday (Wednesda}-) 
morning. The Federal soldiers in front 
of Manassas protest against being put on 
picket-guard if there is to be no exchange 
of prisoners ; they do not like the prospect 
of Southern dungeons. We doubt that. 
President Lincoln. 

Whether the blockade is effectual or 
not, it has effectually cut short our salt. 
"Too lazy to earn his salt," cannot be 
said of any prisoner of war here, for salt 
can't be got with any amount of hard 


Minute Men of '61 


The usual prayer meetings will be held 
Sunday morning, in Cell No. 4, at 9 
o'clock, and Wednesday p. m., in No. 2, 
at 1 o'clock. A Bible-Class is holden in 
Cell No. Sat 1 o'clock, p. m., each Sun- 
da}'. All are cordiall\- invited to attend. 




New Orleans, 12 a. m., December 13, 
1861. We have very little change to 
notice in our markets. Tradesmen may 
judge from the following how goods may 
be ticketed. Bread-stuffs remain firm at 
1^4 ; an advance to l|i is expected by 
some — we doubt it. Rice, scarce ; small 
quantities, badly damaged by water, are 
daily offered below. Salt, scarce ; a fresh 
supplv is expected soon. Soap, easy ; the 
market of late has been very thinly sup- 
plied with this useful article ; no sales, 
some bartering for breadstuffs. Tin — 
blocks, no sale ; plates have been chang- 
ing hands freely at /4 to ^z loaves. 
Blankets, easy ; few sales at various prices. 
"Clark's Marine Report" quotes "fine 
well-knitted grays at five shares in Apollo 
line, or equivalent in breadstuffs." 
Spirits, high and firm — we advise holders 
not to part with their stock at present, as 
the Grand Jury are about to take action on 
some measures which will prove advan- 
tageous to trade. Coffee, dull ; small 
quantities of "Rye-ho" (Rio) have been 
offered this week. Rings — this branch of 
trade has been unusually good, owing 
parti}' to the scarcity of bone, as well as 
the sudden influx of strangers to our city, 
who bought up poor brands at fabulous 
prices ; the market has been completely 
drained of articles which can receive the 
General approval. Meats — beef espec- 
ially, remains firm ; from a special des- 
patch dated 11 >^ a.m., we should say a 
downward tendency was inevitable. 

Sanctum, No. 4, Second Floor. 

WHien we were boys, (an editor is al- 
ways excusable for using the plural on the 
ground that he desires to avoid egotism,) 

the most fascinating occupation that we 
could possibly engage in we thought 
would Ije that of an editor. Whenever 
any large nuts were picked, a sample was 
immediately sent to the editor ; if the 
pears were unusually large and mellow, 
the best were set apart for the editor ; if 
the peaches were more luscious and finer 
than ever, that favored mortal had the 
first taste ; if strawberries, blackberries, 
raspberries — in short, all kinds of berries, 
had grown to a great size, and contained 
more sweetness than they had ever been 
thought capable of holding, the first ink- 
ling we had of the fact was by seeing in 
the morning paper a paragraph like the 
following : "We have to again thank Mr. 
B. for a fine basket of berries. They are 
the finest and largest we have seen this 
season." But the most alluring charm of 
all that enticed us to desire such glorious" 
treatment, was the mystery hidden in 
.such a paragraph as this : ' 'We found on 
our table this morning a most beautiful 
and tasteful bouquet. Whose fair hands 
left it there we cannot conjecture, but 
whosever they are they have our warmest 
thanks, and the only favor we can ask the 
angelic visitant to confer upon us, is to 
call when we are in." Oh, if we could 
only have some fair hand leave .something 
for us, we should be very happy. We 
could never imagine what became of all 
the fruit exhibited at Horticultural So- 
ciety meetings, until we discovered what 
a favored class editors are. To whom 
were the mythical and to us unknown 
secrets of the theatre open, when to every 
one else they were with unbroken fast- 
ness forever (it seemed) closed ? But 
these illusions have all vanished ; whether 
our non-realization of our young fancies is 
owing to our not having a table on which 
to deposit these luxuries, or that they 
have been only illusions, it is hard for us 
to determine. We are inclined to think, 
however, that we have not been treated 
axactly right. We have been disap- 
pointed. Was it unnatural for us to ex- 
pect that whenever a larger loaf than 
common was served out to have a nibble 
at it ? Yet not a taste have we had. Was 
it wicked to expect to have a taste of mo- 

Minute Men of '61 


lasses whenever a fresh qiiantit}- arrived ? 
We have been obliged to eat our bread 
dry. Was it ravenous on our part to feel 
disappointed every day as night drew 
nigh, at not being the recipient of some 
tender piece of meat ! Cattle might have 
seized with murrain a }ear ago and every 
one of them died, and none l)een im- 
ported since, for all the presents of this 
description that we have recci\ed. It 
nmst be because we have neither editorial 
chair, lamp scissors or table. There is 
one sober reality an editor here must ex- 
perience, — the time for our leave-taking 
has arrived. Although circumstances 
lia\e rendered our duties rather laborious, 

(scarcely an\- one can feel like writing in 
such a place as this,) they have not been 
unattended with pleasure. Those who 
have kindly assisted us in our labor, we 
shall cherish tlieir memor_\- with grateful 
remembrance. \\\- have endeavored to 
lighten the heavy monoton\- of prison-life, 
and have in anticipation enjoved the 
happy reunions we are to have on the 
anniversary day of our release — we hope 
the Society will take such steps as will 
render this assurance doubly sure — when 
we meet together, and drown the remem- 
brance of our trials in the delights of 
meeting in such altered circumstances. 
God speed the dav of our release I 
Parish Prison, N. ()., Dec. 13, 1S61. 


Minute Men of '61 


Piihlislicd by ilic I'liioii Lyceum at Iran's h Piisoji, A'. (\ 


Vol. 1. 

DFXEMBER 26, 1851. 

No. 5 


The Confederates are in the habit of 
coinparin.L;- their condition at the present 
time with that of the Colonies dvirin.g 
their strngj^le for independence. They 
\vonld fain have the world believe that 
they like the patriots of the Revolution, 
are a downi-trodden and oppressed people 
fighting for their liberties ; that the Fe- 
deral government stands in a similar 
relation to them that England then did 
to her American Colonies ; and hence they 
would persviade themselves that their 
cause is just, and that success will finalh- 
crown their efforts. A little consideration, 
however, will show their boasted com- 
parison to be fanciful rather than real. 
The Colonists were a band of exiles, who, 
driven by persecution from their native 
land, sought to establish on the shores of 
the New World a government which 
should guarantee to all its subjects the 
greatest personal freedom. The Confed- 
erates have inaiigurated civil war with the 
avowed object of founding a government 
whose chief corner-stone is slaverj-. The 
Colonists strove to dissolve their connec- 
tion with a government in which they 
were denied a representation. The South, 
today, are in rebellion against the Fede- 
ral government, in which they have held 
the balance of power for the last quarter 
of a century, simply because the\- can 
no longer wield its influence for their own 
aggrandizement. The Revolution of '76 

was a general uprising of the people when 
repeated acts of t^Tanny rendered longer 
forbearance impossible, and when all other 
means of redress had failed. The Reliel- 
lion of '61 is a movement inaugurated by 
a few political demagogues for political 
power, and in which the people are merely 
used as instruments. The patriots of the 
Revolution fought for principle ; the rel)els 
are fighting for power. The former 
fought for posterity ; the latter are fighting 
for themselves. The war of the Revolu- 
tion was a contest against foreign t3-rants; 
the present war is a struggle of children 
against a too indulgent parent. The 
cause of the Colonists enlisted the sympa- 
thies of the civilized w'orld, and the 
earnest support of the friends of human 
rights everywhere; the cause of the rebels 
is detested wherever the rights of man are 
respected. But it would be useless to 
pursue the contrast further. It is evident 
that this attempt on the part of our 
enemies to justify their course in the resort 
of a weak adversary to sustain a l)ad csuse. 
Indeed it is decresation of the very name 
of patriot to compare the heroes of the 
Revolution to their degenerate sons who 
are today in rebellion against the govern- 
ment for the establishment of which those 
nol)le men sacrificed their lives, their 
fortunes, their all, and which is acknow- 
ledged to lie the best ever instituted 
among men. And in spite ' of apparent 
success at first, the ultimate failure of this 
attempt to weaken the power of this great 
Republic wall be as decided as the success 

Minute; Men of '61 


of the Revolution of '76 was glorious. 
The tide has already turned against them, 
and we nia\- hope soon to hear sounded 
the death-knell of the Rebellion of 1861. 
Parish Prison, New Orleans, Jan. 1862. 


We are informed Ijy the papers that this 
is Thanksgiving Day in many of the 
States north. What changes have one 
year brought forth ! Then, a country out- 
wardly united and happy ; although the 
fires which for years have been prepared 
and fanned by amljitious men were un- 
covered, and the smoke, like a little 
cloud, began to ascend. Then, families 
came together to render thanks to their 
beneficent Father for His past mercies, 
and to partake of the bounty which His 
ever provident hand had provided. Now, 
a country and a people plunged into civil 
war, a country that for }ears had quietly 
reposed in peace, now rudely disturbed by 
the worst of man's passions. Now, famil}- 
ties and relationships cut asunder and set 
adrift, to meet again only in anger and in 
a conflict which shall end in death. How 
many empty chairs will be placed around 
the tables where once the hopes and pride 
of the family were seated ? Man}- a fond 
mother will lament the loss of an onlv 
boy. Fathers will less passionately 
mourn the earlv death of those whom with 
pride they have watched growing into 

honorable men, and have taught the 
lessons of true patriotism. Sisters will 
weep for brothers who never more can 
protect, encourage, aid, and love them. 
Brothers will miss their companions, their 
shadows as it were ; they will regret the 
quarrels with those forever gone, will 
listen to the recital of their gallant deaths, 
and long to emulate them. But who will 
paint the grief of another, not a sister, 
not a brother, whose future was so wrapt 
up in him she loved, that she will not be 
comforted, and only longs to join him in 
eternit}' ! luiough of this sad picture. 

Should we celebrate this day? Have 
we enough cause to have a day of rejoic- 
ing? Can we make a glorious, rollicking 
dav of it ? The usual adjuncts are want- 
ing, but not the need of thanksgiving. 
No plump, fat turkey graced our board 
today. No pumpkin, mince and apple 
pies were there ; the smiling faces of those 
we loved we missed, and the joyful, merry 
evening party will not be enjoyed ; yet 
notwithstanding all these drawbacks we 
can be happy in the consciousness of en- 
during all these trials and adversities for 
the country and those we love. L^et the 
fervent prayer of each one of us be, that 
on the next Thanksgiving Day we may 
see peace and all its blessings re-estab- 
lished, ourselves re-united to our friends, 
and this glorious Republic steadily 'pro- 
gressing in Christian liberty. 

Parish Prison, Nov. 21, 1861. 

384 Minute Men of '61 

By J. A., 12th Ohio Regiment 

Since the day of the battle, when cannon did rattle 
Our beds have been made on the hard prison-floor ; 

But we hope that our friend, "Uncle Abe," will soon send 
McClellan or Butler to open the door. 

We have patiently borne the contumely and scorn, 

The insults and jeers, of a rascally crew. 
But we'll teach them a trick that will make them full sick, 

And the act of Secession they will bitterly rue. 

^^^len the traitors shall hear such a thundering cheer, 
As the Flag of the Union we'll fling to the breeze, 

Then will Davis be routed and Beauregard scouted. 
And treason be vanished far over the seas. 

What's the use of our sighing or foolishlv crying, 
'Tis patience alone that can alter our case ; 

I^et us hope for the best, trust God for the rest, 

Sing a song, and then bravely stare Fate in the face. 

Though Fate went against us and sorely oppressed us. 
By leaving us here in the prison to lie. 

We can laugh at our foes, and turn up our nose, 
While their stars and their bars we scorn and defy. 

Although the}^ board us, they barely afford us. 

As much meat as a butcher would throw to a dog. 

But provisions are dear, and their "plaster" I hear. 
And not worth their weight in potatoes or hog. 

When the battle was over they rushed from their cover, 
And gallantly charged on the wounded and lame. 

And the ambulance car was a trophy of war 

That would tinge the dark cheek of a savage with shame. 

Minute Men of '61 


They may boast as they please how they captured with ease 
The Yankees who fought at Manassas that day, 

But they know very well, if the truth they would tell, 
That they lost two to one in that bloody affray. 

The chivalric heroes, like modern Neros, 

Rode bravely on those who were carrying the woundes ; 
And their bloodthirsty cheer was revolting to hear. 

As the pale, bleeding forms of our comrades we grounded. 

By the trembling moonlight, in the silence of night 
They rifled the dead of their money and clothes ; 

Alas ! that aught human and born of woman. 
Should boast of a crime that humanity loathes. 

Tobacco Factory, Richmond, xAug. 1861.. 

MlNUTE-M^N^Or ^\ 

386 Minute Men of '61 


/'/tb/is/icd bv llic l/uiou Lyiriiiii al Ihifhli Prison, X. (h 


Vol.1. JAXUARY 2, 1.S62. No. 6 

By J. W. D. 

'Twas midnight, and .save the tread 

Of unneeded sentinel, qniet as of the dead 

Reigned. An angel, clothed in robes of mist, 

Looked in upon the slumbering forms, and kissed 

The brows of those whose thought in sleep 

Reverted to the ones (whom may God's presence keep 

From danger or distreSvs) thej'-'d left behind. 

With symi)athetic touch she loosed the mind 

Of each ; then gathering with nervous hand 

Her train, she passed o'er all the land, 

And with a calm delight bent o'er 

The forms of those, the minds she bore 

Had thought on. Then in her mystic veil she folded 

Them, and each thought was in them all remoulded. 

Minute Men of '61 



Tilt* battle of Cross Lanes (Western \'ir- 
ginia,) occurred on Monday, Au.ijust 26, 
1861. Before Tuesday night about eighty 
of the .Seventh Ohio Regiment found 
thenistrlves in Flo\d's camp, in a rail-pen, 
surrounded by a line of hostile bayonets. 
To attempt a description of our feelings 
would be useless. \'ou who have lieen 
through similar experiences will under- 
stand them. We were in the hands of 
our enemies — separated from the .regi- 
ment of which we had been so proud, and 
^vhich was now broken and scattered to 
the 'winds. \\'e knew not how many of 
our. messmates and comrades in arms were 
dead, or wounded and perishing in the 
woods. We knew that months of impri- 
sonment were before us, and that it must 
be man\' weeks before the dear ones at 
home could know of our fate. Happily, 
what we had undergone had so blunted 
and Ijenumbed our feelings that we were 
unable to realize the full extent of our 
calamity ; and we had so miich to do and 
to bear in the present, that we had no 
time for repining or to speculate aliout the 
future. We were to go to Richmond, 
and we had a march of a hundred miles to 
reach the railroad (the Virginia Central) 
at Jacksonville. 

We set forward Wednesday afternoon at 
three o'clock. I remember it, because it 
was Commencement Day at oi:r college, 
and I was to have graduated that day. 
We came to Gauley River, went over by 
ferrv, and marched up the hill on the 
other side, where we found a small body 
of troops encamped. W'e were put into 
another rail-pen, like the previous one in 
Flood's camp. There were not so many 
hundreds of eyes to stare at us, but we 
had no blankets, only a handful of straw 
to sleep on, and nothing to protect us 
from the incessant rain. We were soon 
wet to the skin, and passed a miserable 
and sleepless night, ^\'e got nothing to 
eat that day till midnight. Rations of 
flour and beef were given us, but we had 
■only three small "skillets" to cook supper 
for eighty men. We were told that, b\- 
mistake, cooking utensils for the yuards 

onlj- had been put in the wagon which 
came with us, but the guards would gen- 
eioasly divide with us. 

In the morning it was still raining. 
We got for breakfast some raw beef and 
dough partially heated. Our l-IIows were 
drawn behind us ami tied together with 
rope, and we were ready. We travelled 
all day, through mud and rain, without 
dinner, and no supper till midnight. We 
were put into a large barn for the night, 
where we made ourselves comfortalle in 
the hav. The next day the sun shone, 
but the roads were still very bad. The 
officers who were with us — a captain and 
lieutenant — having" given their parole not 
to escape, were not obliged to wear ropes, 
or to march in the ranks. They went for- 
w-ard early to reach our stopping place 
before night, to make a fire and borrow 
some kettles, that we might cook our 
suppers earlier. Notwithstanding these 
precautions, it was near midnight before 
we got anything to eat. Many were so 
exhausted and sleepy that they did not 
wake at all to partake of the delicate 
viands. There was the more for the 

The next day we saw some very fine 
scenery, catching now and then, as we 
rose upon the hills, a view of some distant 
peak of the AUeghanies. In the after- 
noon we passed through Lewisljurg — the 
finest place we had seen since coming into 
Western Virginia. Here, as at other 
places, the people flocked out to see us. 
A "Yankee" seemed to be as much an 
object of curiosity to them as a live hippo- 
potamus would have been. They stared 
at us civilly for the part, only the 
small boys shouted "Yankee," and 
"Yankee Doodle." A large company 
followed us out of town, as far as the first 
mile board. The Virginians commonly 
called us Yankees — usually with the 
epithet "damned" prefixed. Sometimes 
where the fame of our regiment had gone 
before us, we were .saluted as the Ohio 
pets. The next morning, Sunday, Sept. 
1, we passed through the famous water- 
ing place — White Sulphur Springs. A 
Georgia regiment was stationed there ; the 
soldiers followed us from the time we 


Minute Men of '61 

entered the grounrls till we got out of 
town — hallooing and shouting, and offer- 
ing various prices for a Yankee scalp. 
These gentlemen prevented my enjoying 
the sights of this picturesque little place 
as much as I might otherwise have done. 
One of the guards brought me a drink of 
the water. The place seemed nearly de- 
serted of all other inhalntants except 
soldiers. Towards noon we crossed the 
highest ridge of the .Alleghanies over 
which the turnpike passes. We .saw- 
some very fine scenery. From some of 
these peaks the view of the hills opposite 
was trul}- grand. From still higher 
points we could see landscapes of hills 
stretching fifty miles awa}', and l)ounded 
b}' higher hills whose Ijlue tops met and 
mingled with clouds. Then there were 
views of culti\-ated hill-sides, and far- 
reaching valleys, farm, woodland and 
stream, — .spread out like a map before and 
below us. These beauties of nature made 
me forget for the time that I was a weary, 
foot-sore, and hungr}- prisoner of war, 
with hemp cord on ni}- arms. 

The next morning we got an early .start, 
passed through Covington, and arri\-ed at 
Jacksonville vStation — the end of our 
journey — before two o'clock in the after- 
noon. We had marched over one hun- 
dred miles in four da\s and a half; — we 
were all glad to have it over, and that we 
were to ride Ihe rest of the wa}- to Rich- 
mond. Ouite a body of troops were sta- 
tioned at Jacksonville. The soldiers 
treated us civilly, — of course, the\- fol- 
lowed us and stared at us, but we had b:- 
come pretty well used to this. While we 
were waiting for the cars, and resting our- 
selves in the shade of the depot, quite a 
crowd gathered round and began talking 
with us. They asked civil questions, and 
occasionally attempted to joke us a little 
on our position as prisoners. We replied 
to their jokes in as merry a strain as we 
could under the circumstances. (.)ne 
little old man in the crowd piped out what 
he con.sidered a home thrust — "I reckon 
you ones want to see your mammies 
about this time." One of our bovs re- 
plied, ''Well, as for that, most of us have 
been weaned some time." Here an of- 

ficer, — a major of a Georgia regiment, 
who had been a spectator some time, — 
with thumbs in the armholes of his waist- 
coat, stepped up, and witli a genuine 
slave-driving flourish and manner, struck 
in, addressing himself to the last speaker 
— ''You're a prisoner and a Yankee; I 
want yon to understand that. We've had 
enough of your damned insolence. .Shut 
up, and behave as a prisoner should, or 
I'll rope you. I have the authority, and 
I'll do it." Roping is a Southern s_\-no- 
nym for hanging. I ventured not very 
meekh', to inquire "how' a prisoner ought 
to behave." I was assured if he had to 
teach me, it would not be at all to my 
liking. He continued his bluster fc_)r 
some minutes, and then went away to 
([uarrel with our captain — affirming he 
hail violated his parole. The captain, 
however, explained matters to his satis- 

I trust this fellow's insolence grew out 
of his having taken too much brand}-. 
( )ur guards, who treated us with uniform 
kindness, made this apolog}- for him. 

We soon took the cars. We reached 
Staunton that day — seventy miles distance. 
Here we were quartered for the night in 
comfortable barracks, and provided with 
better food than w-e had tasted since our 
captivity. The next da\- we passed 
through a varietj- of interesting scenerj- — - 
now among the hills and then in a broad 
level country like the lake region of 
( )hio, only not as well cultivated or pro- 
ductive. We reached Richmond about 
sunset, and after waiting an hour and a 
half, subjected to the usual complimentary 
attentions of the crowd, marched to our 
place of confinement. — .Atkinson's Tobacco 
Factory . 

Bv K. W. M. 

In reading ancient history, nothing 
strikes us more forcibly than the ardent 
love of country manifested b\- the masses 
of the people. This w-as a (Hstinguishing 
characteristic of the Romans during the 
period of Rome's prosperity, and to this 
self-sacrificing patriotism of her sons, 
more than to an\- other cause, was due her 

Minute Men of '61 


proud position among the nations of anti- 
quity, — lasting fame. Indeed this is the 
-onlv sure foundation of national prosper- 
ity. Without it no nation or people can 
make nmch progress in national power 
and civilization. Especialh- is this true of 
a governnif nt like ours, where the will of 
the people is the supreme law of the land, 
■and where every man i.? free to express 
his own opinion. Seldom has the pa- 
triotism of a people been put to a severer 
test than was that of the people of the 
United States at the opening of the pres- 
ent war. And nothing could do more to 
inspire with hope the lovers of free insti- 
tutions throughout the world, and at the 
same time afford a better guarantee of the 
future prosperity of this nation, than the 
promptness with which the people re- 
sponded to the call for volunteers in the 
service of their country. The first blast 
of the war-trumpet was sufficient to 
arouse, in the hearts of a peaceful people, 
that latent patriotism, which had lain so 
long dormant, that it had begun to l)e 
doubted whether it really had an exis- 
tence in these latter times. 

History fails to a more striking 
example of self-sacrificing devotion to 
country than is exhibited in tlie readiness 
with which more than half a million of 
lo\al citizens, of all classes and condi- 
tions, have forsaken their homes and the 
pursuits of peace to defend the national 
flag and to preserve the government. 
And never was there a time when so much 
depended upon the patriotism of a people, 
or when their action would have a greater 
iniluence on tlie destinies of the w-orld. 

The decision of this contest will decide to 
a great extent the fate of Republican in- 
stitutions for generations to come. In 
this light is the present struggle regarded 
by the civilized world, and it is not strange 
that the of events is watched 
with intense interest l)y foreign nations, 
I{very loyal citizen now has an oppor- 
tunity to aid in determining the position 
whicii the future historian shall assign to 
this nation in the annals of the world. 
.Surt-ly it is a privilege to live in such 
times as these, and if we faithfully dis- 
charge the duty imposed upon us, we may 
in after-times refer with honest pride to 
the part we played in this great crist-s in 
our nation's histor\-. 

Died in the hospital, Decemlier 30, of 
typhoid fever, C. W. \\'ing, of the 
Twenty-Sixth New York Regiment, after 
an illness of ten w'eeks. Also died. New 
Year's Kve, G. W. Beard, of typhoid 
fever, after an illness of five days. 

Christmas Day was celebrated by a 
parade of "Fantastiques," under the aus- 
pices of Cell No. 4, second floor. In the 
afternoon the "Star Spangled Banner" 
and all the national airs were sung in the 
yard with fine effect. We are glad to see 
that patriotism is not on the wane among 


The usual Prayer-Meeting will be held 
Sunday morning at 9 o'clock, in Cell No. 
4. Bible-Class in No. 8 at 1 o'clock, p.m. 
Also a Prayer-Meeting at 2 o'clock, Wed- 
nesday afternoon in Cell No. 2. All are 
cordiallv invited to attend. 


Minute Men of '61 


Piib/is/icd bv ihc rjiioii Lvccinii a I Pa lis h Prison, iV. O. 



JANUARY, 1862. 

No. 1. 

In conunenceiiig this second volume of 
our weekly journal we cordially thank 
those contributors who have lightened the 
editorial duties in past weeks by their 
contributions, and it is very desirable thej- 
shall continue to furnish us with the 
ripest fruits of their genius. We have so 
far steadily adhered to the polic}- adopted 
bv the founders of this journal, of .giving 
no compensation even to the best talent, 
fully persuaded that "genius is its own 
reward," and that in the consciousness 
of duty well performed there is enough to 
incite all activity. 

The scarcity of paper throughout this 
bogus Confederacy has hitherto prevented 
our enlargeing this journal, and we know 
has deprived us of many valuable contribu- 
tions ; but let us go on conquering all 
obstacles, let us lighten the gloom of 
prison life, and let us do all we can to 
keep in remembrance the National Stars 
and Stripes, which we fondly hope will 
soon wave over this degenerate city. 

Prison Balcony 

January 1862 
Mr. Kditor: — Without desiring to preach 
a sermon or to write a lecture, I desire to 
say a few plain words to ni}' fellow-soldiers 
upon the very common vices of vulgarity 
and profanity. Twin demons they seem 
to me, sent by the Evil One to intercept 

the messages which Purity and P'aith 
would gladly send to cheer our hearts. 

It seems to me these habits have grown 
upon us very much since leavitpg home. 
I believe, unless we improve in these 
respects before joining our friends, they 
will be sadly shocked at the impurity of 
our daily conversation, and they will see 
the dreaded consequences their fears fore- 
boded from our absence from society. In 
man}' of our cells the last words you will 
hear at night, and the first in the morning, 
will be either vulgar or profane. Anj- one 
so disposed ma}' test this unwelcome truth 
for himself ; and it is a lamentable fact, 
he will find a large proportion of our cell- 
talk is made up of about equal mixture of 
vulgarity and profanity. It unfortunately 
happens the loudest talkers are most 
addicted to these vices, thus forcing the 
attention of unwilling ears. 

It seems almost an insult to our man- 
hood to present arguments to show that 
vulgarity is mean, debasing, and contemp- 
tible. To hear some talk, at times, j'ou 
would suppose their brains perfect sinks 
of corruption ; their conversation would 
banish them from decent society at home, 
and secure for them the contempt of 
decent men everywhere. I can but think 
my fellow-soldiers need but to be reminded 
of this filthy habit to break from il. You 
know it is not manly. Those friends 

Minute Men of '61 


whose good opinions you value most, 
would earnestly urge you to purify- your 
conversation, why not do it before they 
know how low you have fallen ? 

And of profanit)' the same can be said, 
with the addition that it is wicked as well 
as useless and corrupting. There is not a 
man but would be more manly without 
these pitiful imperfections. Imagine that 
you heard, instead of God or Christ, the 
names of your mother or sister, or some 
dearer friend, appealed to on every trifling 
occasion. You shudder at the thought. 
You would rise in holv indignation, and 
banish such profanation from your midst. 
You all recognize these evils, why can we 
not get rid of them? Let us at least make 
an effort, in the name of common sense 
and common decenc\\ Let us at least 
make our conversation fit for the ears of 
our brothers and friends around us, if not 
for our mothers and sisters. 

If we coiild only go out from these walls 
better men than we entered, even in these 
two respects only, these grim walls would 
\)e surrounded b}' a holo of glory, and the 
benedictions of angels would follow us. 
Wouiu that these few simple words might 
lead us to purify our speech: — 
"Blessed are the pure in heart." 
"Out of the abundance of the heart the 
mouth speaketh." 

Very truly 

In Earnest. 
Thtre seems little reason to doubt that our 
troops have just captured sixteen hundred 
rebels in Kentucky. 

A systematic exchange of prisoners has 
certainly commenced, but is probably 
working slowly as yet. 

We have been disappointed in not 
receiving a special dispatch from the com- 
mander of the United States forces at Ship 
Island and Lake Pontchartrain ; but we 
suppose he does not wish his future move- 
ments published in this quarter. 

Prince Albert is dead. When he died 
we don't know ; but the British residents 
of Norfolk held a meeting of condolence 
December 30th. 

A dispatch from Centreville to Rich- 
mond savs Mason and Slidell have certainly 
been released. Private dispatches from 
Mobile to Richmond, December 30th, say 
' 'twenty-two Federal vessels are landing 
troops at Ship Island" a scouting party 

Prince Alfred left Nassau, N. P., Dec. 
6th. General Scott has arrived in New 
York. General McClellan has been 
seriously unwell. 

It was the intention of the editor to have 
devoted one sheet to the special depart- 
ment of "Guard Reports," but they are 
altogether too numerous. By one we hear 
"the troops here have only one cartridge 
each." "One regiment has lain down 
their arms," and again, "our troops 
could have the citj- by the asking," etc., 
all of which is true, of course. We expect 
next, some good-natured sentry will in- 
vite us to walk out and take a boat for 

Another fleet left Boston for Southern 
waters, January 2d. 

We are pleased to state that General 
Palfrey, on being asked to furnish us with 
a clergyman on Sunda}-, said he would. 


Owing to the sudden illness of our 
joking contributor our columns are barren 
today. We hope better things next week. 

We have again to thank our hospital 
steward for savory dish of salad (?) — raw 
potatoes and cabbage ! ! 

The stock of oranges having failed, 
there will be less demand for molasses, 
and fewer cases for doctor's call. 

The occupants of cell No. 2, second 
floor, are said to be very penitent since 
their penance of Saturday last. Bone 
working continues their chief solace. 

Early vegetables continue to be brought 
in, chiefly cabbages. Peas and strawber- 
ries are expected — in a horn ! 

The change of diet foretold by the doc- 
tor, has come and gone, in a single meal. 
We should like, not only a change of diet, 
but a change of living, in toto. 

We notice a growing disposition among 
the prisoners to break out, particularly in 
the pants ! 

We greeted this morning our old ac- 
quaintance "Tea-ho," not with pleasure, 
though, for herbs never did agree with 
our stomach ; give us the cereals, sav we. 
"Our cry is still for" rye cofTee. 

A small squad of caged Yankees may be 
found on free exhibition at No. 4, third 

Wanted — A trustworthy messenger to 
convey to the Federal troops on Ship 
Island the fact that there isn't powder 
enough in the city to kill a chicken. (Vide 
Guard Report. ) 

A Prayer-Meeting will be held in Cell 
No. 2, Friday, p.m., at 2 o'clock, also in 
Cell No. 4, Sunday morning at 9 o'clock. 
A Bible-Classs is held each Sundav at 1, 
p. m., in No. S, second floor. All are 
cordiallv invited to attend. 


Minute Mkn of '61 




Mine ej'es have seen the glory of the com- 
ing of the Lord; 

He is tramphng- out the vintage where the 
g'rapes of wratli are stored; 

He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His 
terrible swift sword, 

His truth is marching on. 


Glory! glory! hallelujah! 

Glory! glory! hallelujah! 

Glory! glory! hallelujah! 

His truth is marching on. 

I have read a flery gospel, writ in bur- 
nished rows of steel; 
"As ye dealt with my contemners, so with 

you my grace shall deal; the hero, born of woman, crush the 
serpent wnth his heel. 

Since God is marching on." 

(Since God is marching on.") 

He has sounded forth the trumpet that 

shall never call retreat; 
~He is sifting out the hearts of men before 

His judgment seat; 
■Oh, be swifi my soul, to answer Him! be 
jubilant my feet! 

Our God is marching on. 

(Our God i.s marching on.) 

In the beauty of the lilies, Christ was born 
across the sea, 

"With a giory in his bosom that trans- 
figured you and me; 

As He died to make men holy, let us die to 
make men free, 


While God Is marching on. 

I have seen Him in the watchflres of a hun- 
dred circling camps; 
They have builded Him an altar in the 

evening dews and damps; 
I can read His righteous -sentence by the 
dim and flaring lamps. 
His day is marching on. 
(His day is marching on.) 

Rev. Edward A. Rand 


(Wlaile God is marching on.) 

Run up the flag on high, 
Its stars shall light the sky ! 

'Beneath it stand ! 
Let all its folds of light 
Proclaim from morn till night 
This is the Flag of Right 

And fatherland. 

From shore to mountain-crag 
Let all salute the flag 

That makes men free. 
Oh, may it ever wave 
Above the true and brave, 
A land without a slave 

From sea to sea. 

Our country, ever one 
As long as shines the sun. 

One flag we love ; 
A flag the furnace tried, 
A flag for which men died, 
Tlie Stars and Stripes our pride 

Praise God above ! 

Minute Men of '61 



Vol 1. 

Published by the U)iion Lyceum at Parish Prisou, X. (). 


DECEMBER 19, 1861. 

No. 4 

We came very nearly disappointing our 
readers this week by failing to give them 
the paper ; and the reason would have 
been found in the rumors that have been 
circulated that this week was to witness 
our departure for the North sure. But 
v.e remembered that a prominent advo- 
cate of Llillerism in our native State, is 
said to have employed workmen in the 
midst of that now defunct excitement, in 
building good, substantial stone wall, 
calculated to last, at least, half a century 
beyond the prophesied time of the world's 
destruction. -With some such commend- 
able foresight we have not failed to urge 
upon contributors to send in their effu- 
sions as usual, — with what success will be 


By KeleCTS 


Letters received from the North Ijcfore 
Christmas contained intimations of a 
speedy release for us and a return to our 
homes. We were told that exchange of 
prisoners v>as going on as rapidly as cir- 
cumstances would permit. But our hope 
was deferred. We were not alone in our 
disappointment. There were thousands 
of disappointed fathers and mothers, 
brothers and sisters, wives and sweet- 
hearts in the far-off North, who every day 
expected us, and waited with outstretched 
arms to receive us. But now the prospect 
brightens again, and there can scarcely be 
a doubt that our dav of release draws near. 

Humanly speaking, we can hardly be 
disappointed this time. 

As the time draws near when we are to 
go, confinement becomes every day more 
irksome. There is no such thing as 
getting used to imprisonment. At times, 
too, there comes over me a very painful 
sense of the uncertainty of human affairs. 
Though I believe the day of release draws 
near, it seems almost as though I should 
never live to see it. After the terrible ex- 
periences of the last few months, it se^ms 
too happy a lot for me that I should be 
permitted forest nn- weary spirit at home, 
happy in the love of father, mother, 
brother and sister, and one who is dearer 
than any of these, — it seems too good to 
be true. 

It is a fact in mental philosophy, often 
recognized, that, after davs of darkness 
and despair, the mind does not at once 
and easih- reconcile itself to the return of 
a better state of things. In "Life and 
Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit," after 
Martin and Mark have been through 
famine and fever in their western 
"Eden," and looked death in the face for 
months together, — we are told that when 
at length they are about to be delivered, — 
when the steamer passes up the river, 
which is to return in three weeks and 
carr}- them homeward, neither Martin nor 
Mark can believe that he shall live till the 
end of the three weeks. It seems to each 
that he wdll die before the glad da}- comes. 
Had there not been this unbelief, their 
joy would, perhaps, have been too great. 
A kind Providence has so formed us that 
extreme joy or sorrow is generally tern- ' 


Minute Men of '61 

pered with some admixture of the oppo- 
site emotion. Life, though a tragedy, as 
soaiebody has said, has, like most of 
Shakespeare's tragedies, a mixture of 
comedy too. Moore has a couplet which 
aptly expresses this thought : — 

"Our earth as it rolls through the regions 
of space, 
Has always two faces — one dark and 
one sunny, 
And poor huhian life runs the same sort of 
Being sad on one side and t'other side 
funny. " 

For some time, fellow-prisoners, we 
have laeen mostly in the shadow, but we 
trust there is to be a revolution, — that we 
are 'to have sunshine, scarcely dimmed by 
a cloud, — may God speed the day ! 
Meanwhile let us exhibit a proper degree 
of patience and manly courage. Let us 
so demean ourselves that we may bring no 
reproach upon ourselves or the country 
which we represent. Let us liy no word 
or act of ours indicate that we have the 
least svmpathy for rebels and traitors, or 
that we have lost confidence in the gov- 
ernment of the United States in the 
slightest degree. Then may we go home 
proud of our imprisonment and of the 
sufferings which we have endured for our 
country's sake. Our friends will be 
proud to welcome us ; and when we stand 
once more under the glorious Stars and 
Stripes, no shame shall mingle with our 
patriotic pride and joy. 


We were shown the other day a new in- 
vention, which is destined to work an en- 
tire change in the annals of literature. 
It turns out poetry at the rate of sixty 
lines per minute. We are proud to be 
able to present to our readers the first 
product of this wonderful machine : 


On Saturday last, 

In the week just gone past. 

We thought our fate cast 

By the arrival of Lieutenant Todd. 

The General took him 
Up the yard to look in, 
And witness the cookin' 
Of Joe Mullaly. 

The Lieutenant smiled 
And thought Joe was wild 
To give soup so mild 
To prisoners of war. 

But his smile was much greater 
When he saw the sliced potater 
Which Ely passed, pro rata, 

One spoonful to each case of 

And his smile waxed nmch broader 
When the next thing in order, 
The rest of the fodder. 

Was handed out — raw cabbage. 

Then, coming up higher. 

The boys thought him a buyer. 

And called us a liar 

When we said 'twas old Todd. 

He was looking at rings, 
And other bone things, 
When Jack Berry brings 

A pair of his famous sleeve- 

Having no more change. 
He got out of range 
Of noises so strange 

Made by the bone-sellers. 

Being fresh from the city, 
He thought it quite witty 
To say 'twas a pity 

That we are so shabby ; but we^ 
didn't see it. 

Minute Men of '61 


We cannot complain, 
If the reason he came 
Was simply to blame 

Those who have charge of us — 
that we don't get more to eat, 
and a better place to sleep in. 

But the boys were all bent 
That he came with the- intent 
Of having us sent 

To the North immediately, via 
Norfolk and Fort Monroe, and 
would give us the clothes which 
ever}- one knows had been sent 
to our foes by our Government 
at Washington. 

(It may be observed this last line rather 
injures the measure of the last stanza. 
This was owing to the inexperience of the 
operators, who were unable to stop the 
machine at the right time. This will be 
remedied in future. 

The week just passed is perhaps the 
one to be longest remembered by the 
prisoners of war in New ( )rleans, unless it 
be the week which shall witness our de- 
parture. The government has sent to us 
a full supply of clothing, with its usual 
liberality. The supply sent is abundant ; 
every man is now comfortably clothed, 
either for remaining here or for going 
home. Of the distribution of the clothing 
we have less reason to complain than we 
expected. Instead of a few dozen shirts 
finding their way to the backs of Confed- 
erate soldiers and other criminals, it is 
perhaps surprising that whole cases of 
coats or pants were not lost (?) on the 
way from Norfolk to New f)rleans. 
General Palfrey, we say, has done his 
duty ; the clothing was given out im- 
partially and expeditiously, with as much 
care as would have been used in our own 
arm}-. We suppose our fellow soldiers in 
Tuscaloosa have been similarly provided 

There is one thing in this connection we 
have to say : We have reason to believe 
a deep-laid plot exists on the part of the 
officers near us, aided by the captain of 

this prison, to in<luce the men to sell their 
clothing at a small part of its real value. 
They wish to clothe whole companies in 
the good, substantial clothing of Uncle 
Sam. To accomplish this, the criminals 
are authorized to buy what they can ; and 
the goiards are put up to trade for shoes, 
shirts, or anything they can barter for. 
They openly boast that in a month's time 
they will have uniforms enough for an 
entire company. Soldiers of the Army ! 
this must not be. The idea is an insult to 
your honor. See to it that you prove 
yourselves above such cupidity. We 
know you need onl\- to be warned in 
time, to be saved from such shame. For 
the honor of our countr\', go out of 
this prison well clothed in the most 
honorable garments you can wear — those 
of the United States soldier. 

Parish Prison, N. ()., Jan. 1862. 

A meeting was held in the yard this 
morning, Jan. 18, to consider the ex- 
pediency of adopting some measures to 
prevent the selling of clothing to the 
enemy. Mr. Bates of Massachusetts 
called the meeting to order, and, on 
motion, Mr. Stiles, of Ohio, was chosen 
chairman. The meeting was then ad- 
dressed by Mr. Bates of Massachusetts ; 
Mr. Dickens of New York ; Mr. Hendrick- 
son, of Maine; and Sergeant Bohm, of 
Ohio, in able and patriotic speeches. A 
committee of five was appointed to report 
to our government any cases of the dis- 
posing of clothing to the enemy. The 
committee consists of Wheeler of IMassa- 
chusetts ; Hendrickson of Maine ; Bohm 
of Ohio ; Edmiston of Pennsylvania ; and 
Dickson of New York. The meeting ad- 
journed sine die. 


The long-promised clothing has at 
length arrived. It seems the blankets 
were not directed to suit the rebels, and 
were returned to Fortress Monroe. The 
partnership of pride and poverty has 
another illustration ; and so too many the 
proverb "Pride goeth before destruction, 
and a haughty spirit before a fall ! ' ' 


Minute Men of '61 

Captain Mclvor, our gallant fellow 
of the 69th, recently dated a letter "Head- 
quarters advanced picket-guard of the 
Union Army. " 

General Bnrnside has just sailed from 
Fort Monroe with an expedition for South- 
ern waters. 

The Federal troops, on the 6th inst., 
captured, near Romney, Va., two cannon, 
baggage - wagons, and prisoners, how 
many the rebels don't sa}-. 

The Senate has resolved in favor of ex- 
changeing the privateers taken from the 
Jeff Davis. 

Baker, of Oregon, one of the foremost 
men in the United State? Senate, is dead. 

Congressman Ely was warmly welcomed 
on his arrival in New York. He addres- 
sed the crowd from the steps of the hotel. 

Two hundred and sixty wounded soldiers 
left Richmond on Sunda}' last for Fort 

The charges against Colonel Kerrigan 
have been proved. 

Extracts from Northern papers say the 
release of . Hatteras prisoners has met 
with such success, by the return of a 
similar number that another lot will lie, 
sent South soon. God g-rant it. 

The petition to the genearl government 
to release us by exchange met with such 
opposition, it will probal)ly not he sent. 
This is well ; it shows we have full confi- 
dence in our government, and that we 
will bide its time though we die exiles. 
The petition, as originally drafted, con- 
tained a clause referring to the peti- 
tioners as ' 'anxious to be again in active 
service." This was omitted by General 
Palfrey. Without this clause no signers 
could l)e obtained. 


"Well, boys, your good-natured old 
Uncle Sam has remembered j-our naked- 
ness, and has sent you some new clothes. 
He kne"- jour captors were so con- 
foundedly poor they couldn't afford to 
give you all even a hickory shirt, nuich 
less a whole suit. 

"Now Uncle Sam has come down, like 
the honorable old fellow we have alwavs 
thought him to be. He, no doubt, meant 
you should get these things by New 
Year's Day ; biit they have come all right 
at last. There are one or two things I 
want to mention, now we are on the 
subject, and I hope you will take it all in 
good part. 

"You know, in the first place, that 
Uncle Sam is a proud old fellow, and he 
expects you to keep these new fixins nice 
and clean, so that when you go home you 
may show the rebels, all along the road, 
that you are to work for a party that's got 
the 'rocks,' and that don't forget you 
when \cu are out of sight. You want to 
wear your clothes now ? Of course, you 
do. and he wants you to. Put them right 
on, and make yourselves comfortable ; 
j'ou've suffered enough already; \mi if 
you do the l)est \'OU can to keep them clean 
and nice }ou wont stay here long enougli 
to s]Joil 'em. 

"But there is something else, more im- 
portant than this, I want to say. ^'ou 
know Uncle Sam has caught some of those 
wicked privateers, and he wants to hang 
"em ; but so as to make sure of getting 
}Ou all home soon, and the other boys at 
Charleston too, he is going to let those 
privateers go. Now 3'ou fellows, who 
have been grumbling and complaining 
that Uncle Sam didn't care anything about 
the prisoners, and, worse than that, half 
encouraged those traitors in their rebellion 
by your fault finding with our government, 
don't you feel ashamed of yourselves, now 
you see wliat has been done for } oil ? 
Well, I won't scold you if you'll behave 
better in future. And when 30U go out of 
this prison, step off smart, as though 3'ou 
were proud of your uniform; and on the 
way home show yourselves patriots and 
soldiers, and not weak-minded men, flat- 
tering the rebels who crowd around the 
car windows. Be gentlemanly, though. 
And you need'nt curse them, unless they 
aggravate you very much. And look out 
how you behave after you get home, so 
your friends won't be ashamed of you. 
if you will remember j-ou are United 
States soldiers, you will be all right, and 
will have some right to give hearty cheers 
when you get under the Star-Spangled 

Minute Men of '61 




May 21, 1862. The following parole of 
honor was offered to the Federal prisoners 
held at Salisbury, North Carolina: "The 
undersigned, prisoners of war to the Con- 
federate States of America, do solemnly 
swear, that if released, they will not take 
up arms against the Confederate vStates 
until exchanged ; and that tb'^^y will not 
comnumicate in any manner anything 
which might injure the cause of the Con- 
federate States, which they have heard, 
or which may have come to their know- 
ledge since tlieif capture. ' ' 

Two hundred were sent each morning 
for seven days — leaving only some hun- 
dred commissioned officers of all grades, 
including chaplains and surgeons. It 
would be impossible to adequately de- 
scribe the emotions of those men who 
had waited now for nearly a y-ear for this 
day of release. They had been, alter- 
nately, in hope and despair, through the 
sickening months, in various prisons, 
both military and criminal. The loath- 
some jails of New Orleans and Nashville 
had here emptied themselves, as had 
also the factories of Richmond and Tus- 
caloosa ; many were enfeebled by disease, 
all were more or less affected by a long 
continuance upon an unhealthy diet. The 
previous month had been one of unusual 
darkness and gloom ; man\- heretofore 
hopeful were losing spirits and strength — 
the prelude to the hospital and the grave. 
From this gloom, as the release seemed 
certain, the transition was magical. Al- 
though many breaches of faith by our 
captors had rendered us too cautious to 
believe their promises at once, we were 
full of hope, of joy, of thanksgiving. 

The journey from Salisbury to Tarboro', 
by rail, and thence by I)oat to our forces 
at Washington on the Tar River, — to 
call it the trip of our lives, is 
inexpressive and tame ; words fail to ex- 
press our emotions. Who of those hun- 
dreds of men will ever forget the first 
sight of that little town — away across the 
meadows, bv the low shores of the wind- 
ing river — and the rapturous thoughts that 
there, just before us, was libert}-, home, 
friend, our flag, — everything dear to us, 
everything for which we had waited so 
anxiously and prayed so fervently in those 
long weary months ? The very trees 
seemed waving a welcome to us, while, in 
imagination, the shore was crowded with 
fathers, mothers, wives and sweethearts, 
all with outstretched arms waiting to re- 
ceive us ; then came to mind those lines 
of Schiller : — 

"O ! day thrice lovely I when at length 
the soldier 

Returns home into life ; when he becomes 

A man among his fellow-men. 

O happy man, O fortunate ! for whom 

The well known door, the faithful arms 
are opened, — 

The faithful tender arms with mute em- 

Anrl a little later, as we stepped from 
umler the rebel flag which so long had 
maddened us by its rebellious folds, to 
our own steamer, under our own glorious 
Stars and Stripes, for which we had 
fought and were ready to die, what 
wonder that men were beside themselves 
for joy, — that they shouted, danced, wept, 
even kissed the miite folds of those loved 
colors ! The kindly beams of the setting 


Minute Mkn of '61 

sun shed a halo of glory upon the pleas- 
ant town as we dropped down the river, 
bidding adieu to the rebels until our next 
meeting upon the deadly battlefield. 

It is miich to be regretted that we have 
no official report of the match games of 
baseball played in Salisbury between the 
New Orleans and Tuscaloosa boys, result- 
ing in the triumph of the latter ; the cells 
of the Parish Prison were unfavorable to 
the developments of the skill of the ' 'New 
Orleans Nine. " 

On our last Sabbath in Salisbury, we 
were favored with preaching, in the 3'ard, 
bj' our old Richmond friend. Rev. Mr. 
Eddy, of Connecticut. The circum- 
stances, the surroundings, lent an elo- 
quence, even unusual, to his always 
forcible remarks. 

At the risk of giving an enviable ( to 
him) notoriety, we must chronicle the 
desertion of E. Buchanan, formerly 
of Colonel Kerrigan's regiment. A letter 
from him, (copies of which are now in the 
North,) to Jeff. Davis, not only sufficiently 
proves his own treason, but implicates 
others now at liberty, whose course at 
Munson's Plill, and at the formation of 
the regiment, was at least questionable. 
E. B., at the time of our leaving, had 
been unable to get into the rebel service, 
although quartered with them for weeks 
previous to our departure. 


"Tell me the occupation of a people, 
and I will tell you their character," says 
the historian in all as^es. Let us throw 
this light upon the P'ederal prisoners as 
we have known them in the principal 
rebel-prisons of the South. 

The Richmond papers, in the summer 
of 1861, taxed their ingenuity to the ut- 
most to devise suitable employment for 
the "idle, lazy Yankees, " as they called 
us ; they suggested fortifications, tread- 
mills, coal-mines, and the scaffold ; but 
it was reserved for the Yankees them- 
selves to devise their own employments, 
and to fix their own compensation. The 
first considerable number of prisoners in 
rL-l)el hands were taken at Manassas, Bull 

Run, and these remained a nucleus 
around which were gathered those taken 
at Ball's Bluff, Cross Lanes, Falling 
Waters, etc. 

For the first few weeks after arriving at 
Richmond all our energies were devoted 
to the culinary and sanitary wants ; the 
former being imperfectly supplied, the 
latter were the more pressing. At the 
same time, individual character began to 
manifest itself in various ways; cards oc- 
cupied much of the time of many, chess 
was learned by a few, several jack-knives 
were employed upon peach-stone baskets, 
and a class in phonography sprang up in 
one corner ; an Algebra and Arithmetic 
were procured from the city, and some of 
the Oberlin boys were soon too tleeply 
immersed in German, French, or Greek, 
to mind the gaping wonder of the rebel 
visitors. But it was later in our captivity 
— in Tuscaloosa, New Orleans, and Salis- 
bury — when the occupations become more 
varied and continuous ; there we 'settled 
down" to make the best of our case. The 
bone-working of our men has already be- 
come a matter of history. This was taken 
up simultaneously at Tuscaloosa and New- 
Orleans, and continued to interest and 
benefit large numbers of the men during 
the whole of their confinement. At first 
the material was found in the soup and 
meat of the day's rations, but Yankee 
enterprise soon discovered that the raw- 
material was susceptible of better polish 
and intricacy of design ; so the meat, 
fresh from the butcher, was stripped of 
its osseous framework before passing to 
the cook-house. This siipply continued, 
though in limited quantities, and was 
skillfully wrought into curious devices of 
rings, watchchains, crosses, regiment 
names, numbers, etc., etc. For tools, a 
common knife, with a saw made of a case- 
knife ; these, too, were "contraband," 
and carefully concealed at the customary 
searches. In itself the bone work was 
not a poetical emploj-ment ; but if we con- 
sider the effect of such constant employ- 
ment of mind and hands of men whose 
greatest danger was from introversion of 
their thoughts, drawing cheir minds away 
from self, from home, absent friends, and 

Minute Men of '61 


all their sufferings, — if we remember 
every grind of the bone upon the stone 
pavement, and every cut of the knife, was 
grinding away the heartache and cutting 
away homesickness, — in this light, this 
humble occupation becomes a saviour of 
those manly hearts, and man}- a home is 
now rejoicing in its returned light, which 
but for this might now have mourned the 
prisoner of war who died of a broken 
heart. Another happy thought was the 
organizations of military companies, which 
also happened both in New Orleans and 
Tuscaloosa. After the arrival of the 
government clothing, (the rebels never 
gave us a stitch of clothing,) our men, 
feeling more like soldiers and less like 
prisoners, organized the first Regiment of 
Louisiana Volunteers. The company or- 
ganizations were complete, and such drill 
as the limited space of the yard (80 feet by 
30 feet) would allow was daily had. By 
this both mind and body were benefitted, 
and many an one will be prouder of his 
commission in that "advanced guard'' of 
the Union army in New Orleans than of 
any honors which he may afterwards at- 
tain in the national army. 

Of the literary pursuits of the prisoners, 
the "Stars and Stripes" and the weekly 
meetings of the Union Lyceum speak 
volumes. The productions may have no 
literary merit, but the wonder is not that 
so much was done, but that anything was 
accomplished under the enervating and 
disheartening influence of prison life. 

While the religious meetings and classes 
can hardh- be considered as "occupa- 
tions," yet their influence upon those who 
took part in them cannot be overrated. 
Though comparatively limited to few, the 
spiritual benefit to these was unlimited ; 
the Spirit of the Most High was there, 
and who will pretend to judge of its ulti- 
mate effects upon those immortal souls. 
In Salisbury, another great agent for 
amusing, interesting, and benefitting the 
men was found in the theatricals. Three 
of the rooms (containing two hundred and 
fifty men each) had each a nicely arranged 
stage, with all the paraphernalia of 
theatrical acccnipaniment, as side-slips, 
curtains and ft olliiuhts. IMachir.i.'-ts. car- 

penters and decorators all had their tasks 
to do ; while the "corps dramatique" 
comprised every degree of talent, from 
high tragedy to low comedy. I^antomimes 
and songs alternated with Shakespeare 
and sterling comedy. None will forget 
the powerful impersonations of vShylock, 
Richard III, or Othello, or the mirth-pro- 
voking representations of O' Callahan and 
Morgan Rattler. The "Irish Lion" and 
imitations of Forrest were equally inter- 
esting. Time would fail to enumerate the 
various performances ; the concert in 
themselves were an institution not to be 
forgotten. We often concluded friends at 
home might be sitting down to poorer en- 
tertainments than those we were giving 
in that rebel prison, a thousand miles 
awaj-. B}' such occupations as these did 
the prisoners of war beguile the weary, 
monotonous hours, cheating themselves 
into a few hours of cheer only to be 
brought back to despair the deeper. As 
we have said, the wonder is not that so 
much was done, but that anything was 
accomplished where the natural tendency 
was to sit down and listlessly wish the 
time away. The historian of the present 
time will judge of the character of the 
prisoners of war by their occupations, and 
will find them to have been a thoughtful, 
energetic and patriotic body of men, — in 
short, a very good epitome of the Federal 
army ; intelligent, hartly and faithful ; 
forming as it does probably an army of 
the highest character the world has ever 


Into this question the personal tempera- 
ment of the witness is so sure to enter, it 
is difficult to arrive at a satisfactory opin- 
ion. While it is one man's nature to re- 
member only the insults and jeers to 
which he was subjected, the scanty and 
distasteful rations and the crowded 
quarters, another will see in the same 
onl}' necessary inconveniences incident to 
the position of a prisoner, and rendered 
unavoidable by the povert}- of his captors. 
The latter finds many of the officers 
gentlemanly, and disposed to improve his 


Minute Men of '61 

condition if it were possible for them, 
while the former meets only curses, and 
is continually harassed by domineering 
officials. In this confusion of testimony, 
it is only possilile to hear from both 
parties, and to judge from the facts pre- 
sented. The sufferings of the prisoners 
are none the less severe because they may 
be caused by the inefficiency rather than 
the ill-will of the enemy. The Federal 
soldier, u_von being captured by the rebels, 
finds himself hustled about from guard to 
guard, l)ut little attention paid to the de- 
mands of hunger or thirst ; perhaps made 
to run at double-ciuick for the first half 
dozen miles, to prevent his recapture ; un- 
necessar}- measures taken which prevent 
his comfort, although the object is to pre- 
vent his escape. His bed at night is 
likeh- enough to be a mud-hole ; and un- 
less his blanket was upon his shoulder 
when taken, he will be blanketless for 
months. This most trying experience 
ver}- likely ends in his being driven into 
the t:)l ac o factories in Richmond. Here 
he finds he is to live with his comrades 
in closer proximity than men are called 
upon to live in the most crowded cities of 
the world. Indeed, the often' described 
horrors of the "middle passage" seem 
the only comparison to be used, while a 
steerage passage upon the packet ship is 
comparatively comfortable. In those first 
days of capture, before reaching the mili- 
tary prison, justice compels me to say 
prisoners are very rarely plundered of 
their private property, or are threatened 
in their lives ; but this is only saying the 
rebels are not Indians, and are . half- 
civilized rather than barbarous. To re- 
sume — of the tobacco factories : the pris- 
soner generally finds that most of his 
time will be required to keep himself 
cleanly. Soap and water are supplied, 
though in limited quantities. Having no 
change of clothing, he must rest shirtless 
while said article is drying in the sun. Of 
the rations — in Richmond they generally 
consisted of bread, beef and soup — enough 
to sustain life and make one constantl}- 
wishing for more ; not as imhealthy in 
diet during our experience there as we 
afterwards found in North Carolina, and 

as the case probably is today in Richmond. 
No liberty out of doors is allowed, and it 
was not a very unusual occurrence for 
some over-zealous sentinel to shoot at the 
windows upon no provocation whatever, 
sometimes wounding, and in two instances 
killing a prisoner ; this was unauthorized 
by the officials, but we have never known 
of a sentinel being reprimanded or re- 
moved from duty from such violation of 
military decency. These occurrences 
were not frequent enough to be considered 
dangerous by men who had been where 
bullets were flying and shells Inirsting, 
but show the wanton spirit of tlie rebels 
at that time ; there were indivi<lual in- 
stances of official barbarity, sometimes 
long continued and vexatious in the ex- 
treme, but we cannot say that such was 
the rule and not the exception. Therein 
no official honor in the Confederacy, but 
individual officers were generally court- 
eous and gentlemanly. While the gov- 
ernment does not hesitate to break its 
bargains— hesitates not to keep prisoners 
when it cannot adequate!}- support them ; 
while the newspapers propose the most 
inhuman treatment, coolly urge hanging 
and close confinement ; while from the 
outward manifestations one would sup- 
pose we were confined in Hades, with 
howling devils yelling for our l)lood at the 
gates — we were really living cool}' enough, 
with little to complain of those who had 
immediate charge of us, however hard 
were the unavoidable sufferings of our 
condition. The five hundied prisoners of 
war who were removed to New Orleans 
and quartered in the Parish Prison under 
charge of criminals, siibject entirely to 
prison-discipline, remaining from October 
1, 1861, to February 1862, will ever charge 
upon the "Confederacy" an abandonment 
of all the laws of military honor ; yet it 
nuist be said that they handed us over 
from military to criminal jurisprudence 
more on account of its cheapness and the 
safety insured by the prison bolts and 
bars rather than from any desire to insult 
our pride, but it was an indignity not to 
be forgiven lay soldiers. In New Orleans 
the rations were provided by contract with 
the sheriff, and southern contractors, we 

Minute Men of '61 


have }'et to learn, are more scrupulous 
than our northern vampires ; suffice it to 
say, had not a kind Providence opened np 
a way b_v which the men could supply 
themselves with some extra provision, 
there would be many a sail tale of suffer- 
ing from the short rations in New 

In Salisbury, N. C, is a large military 
prison, accommodating nearly two thous- 
and prisoners ; here the quarters — since 
the men have the liberty of the yard— are 
more endurable than at any other point in 
Rebeldom : but Nature has adhered to her 
system of "compensation," and here the 
diet was the most unhealthy and repul- 
sive it was our fortune to undergo in any 
of the prisons, and such is the testimony 
of those whose experience extended to the 
prisons in Columbia and Tuscaloosa, giv- 
ing us a range of experience throughout 
the South. Indeed the privileges of the 
\ard were extended only after the most 
urgent representations from the ph\-sican 
in charge, that more room was absolutely 
required for the existence of the men,-— 
that they must get out of doors. 

We had intended to speak of the hospi- 
tal arrangements, the scarcity of medi- 
cines, and lack of attention, but space 
forbids. It is generally granted that the 
evils of this department are such as their 
own men are suliject to, and not from 
lack of disposition on their part to alle- 
viate the sufferings of the sick and wound- 
ed. The rebels always claimed to be 
treating us honorabU' as prisoners of war ; 
and looking back on those darkest months 
we have ever known, we are inclined to 
believe our greatest privations were neces- 
sitated b}- the condition of our captors 
rather than cau-,ed b\- their disposition, 
but none the more easy to bear on that 
account. We trust our fellow-citizens 
need not, to induce them to enlist — we 
know our brave soldiers need not — be told 
that the rebels are less than human ; there 
is excitement enough in the thought of 
our great countrv endangered, our noble 
government assailed, to call to arms 
every citizen, to sustain every soldier. 


Those of us who entered the heart of 
the rebellion in the .summer of 1S61, and 
left its tender embraces at the opening of 
the summer of 1862, could not fail to 
notice a marked change in the tone of the 
people, as seen in the papers. Although 
newspapers were "contraband" and care- 
fully excluded, we were seldom without 
them, and read them anxiously, not only 
for the news, but for the signs of the 
times. Throughout the year 1861 they 
were buoyant and hopeful ; the pirate 
ship of State was sailing finely ; foreign, 
nations were sure to succor ; it was only a 
question of a few months ; the blockade 
was a joke ; privateers were successful ; 
everything was going well. But a change 
came over the spirit of their dreams. 
Fort after fort fell into the hands of the 
Federal Government ; foreign powers 
showed no signs of aid ; Kentucky and 
Tennessee were lost to the rebellion ; the 
people were disheartened ; the Conscript- 
ion Act was passed ; New Orleans sur- 
rendered ; even the papers were despon- 
dent ; provisions were enormously dear ; 
the Union cause was in a very hopeful, 
prosperous condition. Such was the 
state of affairs in the South on the first of 
June. The change from hope to sullen 
despair was too marked to be unnoticed by 
the dullest observer. The two thousand 
prisoners who were released by the 
rebels on parole during the month of May, 
returned hopeful — full of faith in the 
speedy triumph of the government ; they 
had watched the rebellion from the insile 
— from behind the scenes ; they had felt 
its wicked heart bounding with joy at 
Federal defeats, and watched its waver- 
ing step and flagging pulse as defeat after 
defeat overwhelmed them, — as discontent 
at home and disaster abroad weakened, 
— till at last, as we left, the giant seemed 
in the death throes. A few convulsive 
throbs, — a few staggering attempts to 
walk, and the giant will fall dead ; t the 
foot of a long outraged government. So 
seems the contest to those who were 
condemned Ijy the fortunes of war to 
months of inactivity under that flag, to 
destroy which they had sacrificed comfort: 
and risked life. 

W. C. B.A.TES, 
Boston, 1862, kk^^ct 


Minute Men ok '61 

The Civil War of 1861-65 


Number of 


Number of 


States and Territories 

Men Fur- 

Redvjced to 
a 3 years' 

states and Territories 

Men Fur- 

Reduced to 
a 3 jears. 







New York 





North Carolina 
























Rhode Island 






South Carolina 
























West Virginia 


















District of Columbia 






Indian Territory 










New Mexico 
















U. S. Army 




U. S. Volunteers 



30 849 

U. S. Colored Troops 



New Hampshire 

New Jersey 





The number of casualties in the volunteer and regular armies of the United States, 
during the war of 1861-65, according to a statement prepared by the Adjutant-General's 
office, was as follows : Killed in battle, 67,058 ; died of wounds, 43,012 ; died of disease, 
199,720 ; other causes such as accidents, murder, Confederate prisons, etc., 40,154; 
total died, 349,944 ; total deserted, 199,105. Numl^er of soldiers in the Confederate ser- 
vice who died of wounds or disease, (partial statement) 133,821. Deserted (partial 
statement) 104,428. Number of United States troops captured during the war, 212,608 ; 
Confederate troops captured, 476,169. Number of United States troops paroled on the 
field, ''16, 431 ; Confederate troops paroled on the field, 248,599. Number of United 
States troops who died while prisoners, 30,156 ; Confederate troops who died while 
prisoners, 30,152. 




Numbers and ages of soldiers engaged 
in the War of the Rebellion from 1861 to 

Sixteen ^-ears and under, 846,572. 

Sixteen to eighteen years 1,151,438. 

Eighteen to twenty-one years 2,159,798. 

Twenty-two years and over 623,516. 

Total 4,781,324. 


Compiled by Dr. B. A. Gould, the re- 
nowned statistician. 

Per ;ent 




British Americans 











■ 8.76 

Other Foreigners 



Nationality unknown 

j- 26,500 


Minute Men op '61 







My slight individual knowledge of 
Abraham Lincoln was during his first 
term as President, and was comprised in 
two interviews at the White House, one 
at the request of the officers of my 
regiment and the other at Mr. Lincoln's 
request, and to a brief correspondence 
of which I still retain two of his autograph 
letters, all, interviews and itorrespondence 
having some connection with each other, 
although in dates separated by several 

I first saw him on Sunday morning, 
April 21st, 1861, near the entrance to the 
cabinet chamber in the White House. At 
the urgent request of the captains of the 
Sixth Regiment, of Massachusetts Volun- 
teers, 1 called upon Major (xeneral 
Winfield Scott, then commanding the 
United States Army. I was unattended. 
There is no special importance in the facts 
I am about to state unless it l)e remembered 
that this Sunday was but six days after the 
firing upon Sumter, and two days after the 
affair of Baltimore, that Washington and 
the whole country was surging under 
an excitement almost impossible to de- 
scribe, and that I was the representative 
of a body of men who had recently been 
recently making historw 

On the nineteenth of January, 1S61, 
upon my motion, the connnanders of its 
companies. Colonel Jones presiding, adop- 

ted a resolution tendering the services of 
the "vSixth" to the President. This first 
volunteering so impressed the authorities 
that the Sixth was first called by the 
President on the sixteenth day of April, 
1861; it rallied from thirty cities and towns, 
fully armed equipped, and traveled over 
500 miles with such alacrity that it reached 
Washington in advance of all other organ- 
ized and armed forces in the afternoon of 
the nineteenth of April, after a conflict in 
the streets of Baltimore in which it had 
four men killed, thirty-six wounded by 
gunshots, and many otherwise injured, 
all of its unarmed men being driven back. 
It left many dead and wounded rebels 
behind it. 

Baltimore, with its 200,000 inhabitants, 
its prevailing Southern sympathies, and 
its notorious "Plug Ugly" element, was 
the stragetic key by which the disunionists 
proposed to lock the loyal North out of the 
nation's Capital until its occupation in 
force from Baltimore and the South should 
compel the recognition of the Confederacy 
as the de-facty Government. A single 
regiment, untrained in war, exhibiting the 
pluck to break through this cordon of 
rebellion, could be hailed only with relief 
by the beleaguered (Tovernment and by 
that fraction of the residents of Washington 
who entertained positive sentiments of 
loyaltv to the Union. Colonel Jones has 


Minute Men of '61 

testified that the President met the Sixth 
at the railroad station and said that if its 
arrival had been delayed a single day 
Washington would have been in the hands 
of the rebels. It will appear later that 
tile commanding general of the army 
entertained similar sentiment'^. Later on 
Congress recorded its tribute in a resolu- 
tion tendering its thanks. 

"To the Sixth Regiment of Massachu- 
setts Volunteers for the alacrity with 
which they responded to the call of the 
President, and the patriotism and bravery 
vvliich they displayed on the nineteenth 
of April last in fighting their way through 
the City of Baltimore on their march to the 
defense of the Federal Capital." 

The Sixth took possession of the Capital, 
and intrenched itself therein as though 
it had come to stay. It had not had a 
square meal since it left Philadelphia, the 
Thursday night before. Its experience 
had sharpened its appetite, for Baltimore 
had tendered no refreshments. Either by 
accident or liy the design of some traitor- 
ous commissary, the presence of the "salt 
horse," as the Ijoys familiarly cane<l the 
meat which was offered them, could be de- 
tected by more of the senses than one, 
and was repulsive to all of them, and the 
large roiind crackers usually called "hard- 
tack," the accompanying delicacy, were so 
adamantine from compcsition or antiquity 
as to withstand most assaults and, when 
conquered, to afford no substenance. They 
were soon nicknamed "The regulars," 
from their supposed invincibility. Unless 
the veracity of veterans is to be questioned 
certain retained specimens of these hard 
biscuits, have since the Rebellion served as 
wheels to the play carts of two or three 
generations of veteran babies. My mission 
on that Sunday morning was to induce 
General Scott to order a change in this 
diet. The situation mitigates the pre- 
sumption of such an application' to an 
officer of such exalted rank. I found 
Creneral Scott attending a meeting of the 
President and Cabinet, convened to li.sten 
to the demands of the authorities of Mary- 
land, including the Mayor of Baltimore, 
that no troops should pass over the sacred 
.soil of Maryland in reaching Washington, 

and I thus accidentally became a partici- 
pant in a meeting which has become his- 
toric, and of which, so far as I know, I am 
now the only survivor. Being summoned 
to the open door of the room, General 
vScott received my salute and my storj^. 
He drew himself up to the most im- 
pressive development of his magnificent 
proportions, and grandly announced: 
"The Sixth Regiment of Ma.ssachusetts, 
sir, shall have anything it wants; we 
depend upon the vSixth Regiment of 
Mas.sachu.setts to .save the Capital of the 
country, .sir." All fear of the "guard tent" 
for my presumption disappeared. 

The (leneral's statement was true, cer- 
tainly upon that Sunday, and for four or 
five days thereafter, and until General 
B. F. Butler, with the Seventh Regiment 
of New York and the Eighth Massachu- 
setts, arrived in Washington, by way of 

It .seems to be the fact that the President 
and the Commanding General placed little 
reliance upon the semi-military and semi- 
political clubs, adorned with names of 
prominent politicians such as "Cassius' 
M. Clay Invincibles," "Hannibal Hamlin 
Guards," or upon the three or four un- 
armed and uncombined companies of 
Pennsyhania militia who in postbelluta 
times, have published themselves as 
' 'First Defenders of the Capital. " 

While Creneral Scott was speaking wath 
me. President Lincoln came forward, and, 
after shaking hands, said he would like 
to introduce me to the Mayor of Baltimore 
and to learn if I could confiriu the state- 
ment he had been making to the effect 
that he had per.sonally exerted himself 
to protect the Sixth during its passage 
through Baltimore, and that he had 
marched much of the way through the 
City at its head. The Mayor and others 
in the meantime, had gathered around and 
within hearing of the President's remarks. 
I fear my manner was not complimentary 
toward the Mayor. I am sure my speech 
was not. So recent had been my "bap- 
tism of fire" I doubtless bore mj' testimony 
with indiscreet zeal. I said, in effect, that 
under the circumstances it was unfortunate 
for the Mayor of Baltimore, as such, to> 

Minute Men of '61 


appeal to me for a certificate of character ; 
that we, as citizen soldiers, has endeavored 
to pass through Baltimore, not only in a 
peaceful and proper manner, but strictly 
in obedience to superior order, that in- 
sult and assault slioild justify retaliation; 
that at the beginning of our passage the 
police had threatened nie that n:jt a man 
of us would be allowed to go through the 
cit\' alive ; and that our graves have already 
been dug ; that neither the police, nor 
other officials, in any instance to ni}- know- 
ledge, had attempted any protection ; that 
prior to that moment I had never seen the 
Mayor ; that I had been informed by one 
of the captains of one of the detachments 
that the Mayor did march about one hun- 
dred yards beside him, when he left saying 
that the position was too hot for hitn. So 
far as I was concerned, the interview was 
then ended l3y my withdrawing, the 
the President having said that the rations 
should Ije made satisfactory 

Many times since I have recalled the 
scene. The Mayor's look of intense dis- 
gust, the astonishing dignity of the 
Commanding General, and the expression, 
half sad, half quizzical on the face of the 
President at the evident infelicity of his 
introduction. If I did not k-ave that 

distinguished presence with my reputation 
for integrity unimpaired, the pressure of 
Abraham Lincoln's honest hand, as we 
parted, deceived me. My mission, at all 
events, was successful and the rations 

While Washington remained i ssolated 
from the North, the Sixth, by General 
Scott's orders, daily marched in the 
streets and practiced the .street firing-drill, 
while the air was vocal with nnittured 
curses ; and more than oni- night the 
Regiment slept upon its arms in the 
Senate Chamber under order to surround 
the "White House at the first alarm, and 
defend the president from attack. 


Minute Men of '61 

Member of Fifth Regiment on picket duty 
near Fairfax Court House. 

Minute Men of '61 407 

Hv John L. Parker 

Here we are again tonight, 
By the camp-fire's cheerful light ! 
Gallant comrades, every one, 
Raise the song of 'vSixty-one. 
"Glory, glory, hallelujah ! 
Glory, glory, hallelujah ! 
Glory, glory, hallelujah ! 
As we go marching on." 
Through the battle's fire and smoke. 
Iron hail and sabre stroke, 

Soldiers who were tried and true 
Sang the song of 'Sixt\--two. 
' 'Marching along, we are marching along ; 
Gird on your armor and be marching along ; 
The conflict is raging, 'twill be fearful and strong, 
Then gird on your armor and be marching along. ' ' 
From New England's rocky coast 
Sprang her sons to join the host. 
And from mountain to the sea. 
Swelled the song of 'Sixty-three. 


"The Union forever, hurrah boys, hurrah, 
Down with the traitor and up with the star ! 
Yes, w-e'll rally round the flag, boys. 

Rally once again, 
Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom." 
Strong the nation rallied then, 
And Rebellion trembled when 
From Atlanta to the shore 
Rang the song of 'Sixty-four. 
"Hurrah, hurrah, we'll sing the jubilee, 
Hurrah, hurrah, the flag that set you free ! 
So we sang the chorus from Atlanta to the sea, 
As we were marching through Georgia." 
So we fought our battles through, 
Till at last the rebel crew 

With their brothere ceased to strive, 
And we sang in 'Sixty-five. 

When Johnny comes marching home again. 

Hurrah, hurrah ! 
We'll give him a hearty welcome then, 

Hurrah, hurrah ! 
The men will cheer, the boys will shout, 

■408 Minute Men of '61 

The ladies they will all turn out, 
And we'll all feel gay 
When Johnny comes marching home. 
Should the land our service need, 
We the trumpet call would heed, 
And as soldiers of the free, 
Strike again for liberty. 

M}- Countr}- 'tis of thee. 
Sweet Land of Liberty, 

Of thee 1 sing. 
Land where m^- fathers died, 
Land of the pilgrim's pride. 
From every mountain side 

Let freedom ring. 

Our father's God, to Thee, 
Author of Liberty , 

To th'ee we sing. 
Long ma}- our land be bright 
With freedom's holy light 
Protect us bj- thy might 

Great God, our King. 

Ev John L. Parker, Post 5, Lynn 
Air, "The Old Oaken Backet" 
How dear to the heart of each gray-headed soldier, 

Are thoughts of the days when we still wore the blue 
While memory recalls every trial and danger. 

And scenes of the past are brought back to his \-iew. 
Though long since discarding our arms and equipments 

There's one thing a veteran most surely will note ; 
The first thing he sees on the form of a comrade, 
Is the little bronze button he wears on his coat. 

The little bronze button, 
The sacred bronze button. 
The Grand Army button 
He wears on his coat. 

"How much did it cost?" said a man to a soldier, 

"That little fiat button you wear on vour coat?" 
' 'Ten cents in good money, " he answered the .stranger, 

"And four years of marching and fighting, to boot." 
The wealth of the world cannot purchase this emblem, 

Except that the buyer once wore the brave l^lue ; 
And it shows to mankind the full marks of a hero, 

A man who to honor and country was true. 
Then let us be proud of the little bronze button, 

And wear it with spirit both loyal and bold, 
Fraternally welcome each one who siipports it, 

With love in ou.r hearts for the comrades of old. 
Each day musters out whole battalions of wearers, 

And soon will be missed the loved token so dear. 
But millions to come will remember with honor 

The men who'd the right that bronze button to wear. 

Minute Men of '61 409 



' ' He gives twice who gives esrly " is an adage as old, almost, as the generations of 
men who have used it, as true now as when ITrst expressed and never more so than when 
the Militia of Massachusetts, responding to the call of Governer Andrew, hastened to 
the Capital Cit\- and formed in the ranks of war. The storm had long been brewing 
and the citizen soldiery, the true l)alw3rk of a nation, were ready for the outbreak. To 
them, through all of the intervening nearly half century, has been fittingly applied the 
appellation at first given to their fathers in the troublous times leading up to the Revo- 
lution. The "Minute Men " of 1775 were well represented by their sons of a later date 
who, no less than the heroes of lyexington and Concord, exemplified the essentials of 
the expres.sion, first found in Revolutionary annals in the acts of the Convention of 
Committees of Correspondence and delegates for the county of Worcester, at its sitting 
in the then town of Worcester, September 21, 1774, when and where it was recom- 
mended to the officers in each town in the county, "To enlist one third of the men of 
their respective towns, between sixteen and sixty years of age, to be ready to act at a 
MixuTE'S warning;^ and that it be recommended to each town in the county, to choose 
a sufficient number of men as a committee to supply and support those troops that shall 
move on any emergency." 

Orders issued, January, 1861, from the Executive chamber of the State House in 
Boston to all the compaines of the Commonwealth required the same instantaneous com- 
pliance that was expected when " Minute Men " had its first application. Governor 
Andrew had served as a long distance counsel in the trial of John Brown after the Har- 
per's Eerry Raid and no one knew better than he, the intentions of the South in the 
matter of seces.sion. One of the very first acts of the Governor after his inauguration 
was to send his military secretary. Colonel. A. G. Brown, to the governors of the several 
New England states warnig then: of the impending struggle and enjoining them to be 
readv for the call for troops, certain to come. Among the replies received, that from 
Maine, the daughter of the Bay State, was particularly appropriate and inspiring, 
" Maine will follow the lead of Massachusetts if .she cannot keep abreast. " That the 
Governor was warranted in his confident offer of troops to defend the capital of the 
nation, at the very outset of his administration, was owing to preparations made by his 
predecessor in the gubernatorial chair. Nathaniel P. Banks, Jr. , had given a deal of 
his executive time and energy to putting the Militia of the Commonwealth on a war 
footing, so that wlie n soldiers did, finally, make their appearance in the vSouth- 
land. Governor Andrew was fully borne out in his declaration that they were armed and 
equipped in all the essentials for Military duty "down to teat-pegs and shoe-shrings." 
The bared hand clasping the drawn sword, as a part of the escutcheon of Massachusetts, 
never had more fitting application than when her citizen-soldiers were proffering their 
services to the state and she in turn was tendering them to the nation. 

410 Minute Men of '61 

While certain men of high position were crying, "Peace, Peace" members 
even of President L/incoln's cabinet were exclaiming that the storm would soon subside, 
the Executive department of this Commonwealth thought otherwise and, in every pos- 
sible way tried to make read}- for the approaching tempest. It came, when there 
flashed over the wires from Washington a message from Henry Wilson, " send on fif- 
teen hundred men at once." This was the fifteenth of April, a day sacred almost in the 
memory of Minute Men to the present time, and will continue so as long as one of them 
remains above the ground his earnestness helped to render free. Like arrows from the 
Ijow, like greyhounds from the leash sped the messengers from the Governor's busy 
chamber. East, west, north and south, tliej- hastened to Worcester, L/Owell, Lawrence. 
Newburvport, all along the north shore, down through the Old Colon}- to Buzzard's 
Bay, evervvvhere giving the word which caused men to drop whatever work was in 
hand, and to dash quickl\- to the nearest rendezvous, The morning of the sixteenth 
lieheld these farmers, tradesmen, mechanics and professional men pouring into the cit}' 
of Boston, fully exemplifying the statemnet of de Rochamljeau, nearly a centur\- before, 
that in America no men are soldiers by trade, but men of all trades are soldiers. 
WTiile driving sleet and rain rendered the streets difficult of passage, they could not 
oliscure the flags which everywhere petokened the spirit of the people who were rising 
to the exigencies of the hour. Once more "The Cradle of Liberty " rocked with the 
same spirit that gave to it the christening of the far off Revolutionary period. Not only 
was Faneuil Hall filled by the soldiers, the same was true of Boylston and other large 
assembly places. The uniform of the militiamen and their places in the ranks were 
soon at a premium, so general was the desire of earnest manhood to have a hand in the 
approaching conflict. 

There is little time for dela}- in Boston and on the seventeenth organizations are 
climbing Beacon Hill to receive from the hands of the Governor the colors which they 
are to follow during the months of their service. Passing the standard into the hands 
of the Colonel, Governor Andrew said, " This flag, sir, take and bear with yoii. It will 
be an emblem on which all eyes will rest, reminding you always of that which you are 
to hold most dear." Nor was the reply less fitting as the officer grasping the staff said, 
" Your Excellency, you have g-iven to me this flag which is the emblem of all who stand 
before you. It represents ni}- entire command and, so help me God, I will never dis- 
grace it." Could we follow these devoted men as they leave their mustering place, 
whether they go by land or water, we should see a people well nigh frantic with enthu- 
siasm, for the great mass of them had never before seen soldiers actually starting for 
the real warfare. Though the ensuing years were to render such sights all too common, 
there was a novelty in all of this that drew to the scene the last beholder of whatever 
age or sex that the city possessed. The same was true of the entire trip of those who 
took the all rail route to and through New- York Cit}-. Though certain politically crazy 
citizens of Connecticut had invoked the harshest of reception to the soldiers of northern 
New England, should any of them attempt to cross the borders of the Land of Steady 
Habits, the liberty loving dwellers there thought differently and nothing interfered with 
the reception accorded the brave men of Massachusetts. 

If language in the days of 1861 was inadequate to describe the enthusiasm with 
which the " Minute Men " of the Bay State were greeted, how utterly futile to under- 
take its description almost half a century afterwards. Suffice it is to record that all the 
honors that the greatest municipality in the land could bestow w-ere showered on the 
marching men as they moved through tumultuous throngs on their course up Broadway- 
Even when advancing, citizens crowded into the ranks, anxious to be of service to these 
men who had come so far on their way to help render safe the Nation's Capital. 
The last piece of bunting that Gotham possessed was swung from the windows over- 
looking the grandest street in the western world and, apparently, the entire population 

IMiNFTK Mkn ok '61 411 

of the IMetropoHs stru.i^.s^led for a siglit of tlu'su earliest volunteer militiamen. Repre- 
sentatives of the recently formed Yonug INIen's Christian Association passed through the 
lines proffering Bibles to the soldiers, but they were met with the response that this 
want had been supplied before leaving home. Tf) one citizen, unusually pressing in his 
zeal to help, a Yankee boy remarked, " Well if you are so ready to do something for me 
you may give me a new pair of boots for these old ones " from whose tips even then the 
toes of the soldier were protruding. " I will gladly do so, '" said the gentleman, " bu^ 
kindl\- ti.-ll UK- how vou happened to be so far from home in such a plight?" Tbat is 
easil_\- done said the youth, " When the summons came to me I was plowing in the same 
field in which my grandfather was plowing when he was called to Concord; he did not 
wait a minute, neither did I." 

Through New Jersey see the train s])eeds along, carrying succor to the Capital with 
onlv a sluggish ri\-er between it and its deadly foe. The attempted rest in Philadelphia 
is interrupted by the "long-roll," the most awe-inspiring sound possible to a soldier's 
ear and in the early hours of the nineteenth of April, the " INIinute Men " are hastening 
further southward. The reception, the conflict, the results of that dread passage 
through the streets of Baltimore have been matters of history for far more than a gen' 
eration, yet when shall their .glory fade?" "Oh the wild charge they made, while al' 
the world wondered!" Four of the marching column that followed the colors, so 
recentl\'received from the hands of the Governor, now borne by Timothy Crowley, with 
all the military precision of a parade instead of a battle, four " INIinute INIen " will follow 
the flag no longer for stretched on the pavement of the IMonumental City lie the bodies 
of Tadd, Xeedham, Taylor and Whitney, the first offerings in that terrible holocaust of 
war which for long years, was to consume the best the nation had to give. Night be- 
holds them camped within the Nation's Senate Chamber and as Abraham L,incoln grasps 
each Massachusetts man by the hand, he proclaims his gratitude that all the people have 
not become unnerved by the spirit of trade and that there were 3-et men who were will" 
ing to offer themselves for the defense of their country, and the " Minute Men " slept 
with the comforting assurance that tlieir arrival had rendered safe the seat of the 
National Government. 

When the news of this day's doings reached the ears of Governor Andrew, he tele- 
graphed the Mayor of Baltimore thus: — "I pray you have the bodies of our Massachu- 
setts soldiers, dead in battle, to be immediately laid out, preserved in ice and tenderly 
sent forward by express to me. All expenses will be paid by this Commonwealth." 
Coi;ld any words more fittingly indicate the true nature of this great hearted man? 
George W. Bungay, a poet of the day, seized the occasion to express in verse his esti. 
mate of the message ad of the event, — 

" In their own martial robes arrayed, 
In cap and cloak and shining blade. 
In the still coffin softly laid, 

Oh, send them tenderly. 
Our bleeding country's bleeding corps 
Of noble dead can sleep no more, 
Where monuments in Baltimore, 
Libel our liberty." 

This line of thought can end in no better way than by quoting these words from 
the AVer York Independent of April 23, 1861:— 

412 Minute Men of '61 

" Massachusetts has won the praise and blessing of all men. 'Jlie sons of Massachu- 
setts lay dead in the streets of Baltimore on the anniversary day of the Battle of Lexing- 
ton, l)e'fore a single regiment from New York had crossed the border between the slave 
and the free states. Soldiers from Massachusetts had made their way to Havre de Grace, 
Seized a .steamboat, reached Annapolis and taken a position by which they could keep 
open a road to Washington, before a single troop of New York soldiers had found a pas- 
sage into the enemy's countr}'. Troops from Massachusetts have lieen sent by sea and 
thrown into Fortress Munroe, commanding Norfolk, while the authorities at Albany 
were debating upon the proper official steps to be taken in regard to the President's 
Proclamation. " God save the Commonwealth of Ma.ssachusetts." 

The lessons tavTght in the three months' service were invaluable to these incipient 
soldiers for a large majority of them became invaluaVjle leaders in other organizations as 
the vears of the struggle advanced, yet no one of them ever lost his reasonalile pride 
that, at the very dawning of the .strife, he made himself eligible to the title, superlative 
in its meaning and magnitude, a '' Minute Man." Subsequent officers of high degree. 
Major Generals even, have come back to the reminiscent feasts of the veterans, all dis- 
tinctions of rank forgotten in the one .supreme recollection, " we were boys together in 
tliose times when, obedient to the call of Nation and State, we donned our uniforms and 
as Minute Men marched away to do and die." Toda}-, in that magnificent array of war^ 
stained banners preserved in the State Hoiise, forever cherished liy the loyal and loving 
of all generations, no flags call forth more encomiums than that which was borne through 
the streets of Baltimore or the one which waved over the struggle at Bull Run, where 
men of both North and South began to learn what leal war was like. 

As the years between the war and the thereafter lengthened, a thought began to gain 
lodgement in the minds of the surviving Minute Men that their stor}- ought to be told 
in a volume bv itself. The Government in time thought so well of their services that it 
issued special medals to the men why first bared their breasts to the foe and nothing, 
that the veteran passes on to his descendants, does he value higher than this bit of en- 
graved metal whereon is announced the fact that the possessor, when the Nation 
iieeded him most did not hesitate. If then the CTOvernment singled out these organiza- 
tions, why might not the Commonwealth assist in the telling of their brief but exciting 
career? In time, a committee of ten members was appointed at one of the annual meet- 
nigs of the veterans and the Legislature was asked for the aid extended to single regi- 
ments or batteries in their respective histories. For some reason the request was denied. 
INIean while under the unceasing vigilance of George W. Nason of the Fifth Regiment, 
representatives of the several organizations interested had written the stories of their 
respective bodies a very large collection of the portraits of these volunteers of 1861 
had Ijeen made and, throtigh the half-tone process, had become lasting memorial of hun- 
dreds of those who so early endangered their lives. Year after year, the veterans met in 
their Faneuil Hall pilgrimages and heard the same refrain, " Not yet," until man after of the original committee had passed on to the hereafter and finally only the indo- 
mitable Nason remained. Then came the effort of 1910, nearly half a century- after 1861, 
another and a final attempt to secure legislative aid and it was successful. Evidently 
the further legislators get from the scenes themselves, the more important the events 
become, in other words perspective improves the outlook. At any rate the request was 
granted and the throwing of the collected matter into book form speedily followed. 

Though the ending is a happ}- one, it is not seen without .some sad reflections, 
Everv one of the more than five hundred men w^ho contributed his. portrait and his sub- 
scription to the project expected to see his face upon the printed page and to hold in his 
hands the volume which told his story and that of .so many of his comrades. Death has 
prevented the realizatian of many a wish and descendants only are to profit by the efforts 
of the departed. But wdiat a boon is this which the persistency of certain men of the 
of the organization has produced. \Vhat would not Mas.sachusetts, the Nation, give for 
the pictures of even fift}- of"those Minute Men of 1775 who fought the British all the wa}- 

Minute Men of '61 413 

from Concord to \\\-st Cainbrid.^e on the ninftec-nth of April? Here, llianks to pho- 
to,L;Taph_\- and the engraver's art, more than four hundred faces are given to perpetual 
observation. 'i"o the pages of this volume nnist turn the searchers after real war mem- 
ories long after the last INIinute INIan of 1861 has joined the shades of those who fell in 
Baltimore. Xo matter who buys the book nor how much he pays for it, the price will be 
no standard of its real value. .As a rule, the stories of the portraits are told by the men 
who stood or sat for the seml)lances, possibly at times a bit florid but pardonalih- so 
when we reflect on the chances the writer took in the \ears of long ago. Every word of 
regimental service is recounted \)y a partici]:)ant hence it is of paramount interest and 

In conclusion, the thanks of those who have forwarded this matter are rendered 
to ever}- one who contributed picture, description or subscription, while personal obliga- 
ti-nos should be expressed to those who wrote the several organization histories as 
Charles C. Doten and Harrison O. Thomas of the Third, John M. Dean and Alonzo 
M. Shaw of the Fourth, William T. Ivustis, George W. Xason, William C. Bates and 
James H. Griggs of the Fifth, John H. Norton of the Sixth, Benjamin F. Peach of the 
F^ighth, A. B. R. Sprague of the Third Battalion, James H. Xason of the First Mass. 
Batter} and others. Nor should this preface end without special mention of the untiring 
<levotion of George W. Xason who has known no such word as fail from the beginning; 
where others flagged in zeal or pace he became all the more determined and, though 
advancidg jears might have excused a declination, he only worked the harder. The 
success, for such it is, is largely due to his energy and alxsolnte refusal to retreat a single 
inch. He has risen from a sick bed to further the cause and the history of the Minute 
men; it has been his chief waking and sleeping thought till at last, in finished form, the 
work is to stand before him. If he so choose, there is ample justification for his saying 
like the worthy of old, " I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have 
kept the faith. " 

Finally as we read the words of the book, a sigh is due those who anxiously desired 
a sight of its promised excellence, but were denied the grace. They have been falling 
during all of the years, but when we think of one who appeared repeatedly at the State 
House in behalf of this plan, who was ever instant in behalf of the cause, one whom at 
the meeting of 19U9, his comrades made Commander of the Minute Men for the ensuing 
A-ear. we cannot repress an exclamation of grief that, on the morning of March 30, 
apparently in usual health the day before, the spirit of Commander George H. Cavanagh 
took its flight, and his place at the reunion of 1910, his particularly honored place, was 

Alfred S. Roe. 
Worcester, April 19, 191i). 


\^y^. • '^ 



Alexandria, Va 123-127 

Allen, Chas. F Ill 

"Alleghany, The" 232 

Alley, Benj. M 260 

Alley, Frank IM 260 

Alley, John D 261 

Alley, Richard 261 

Andrew, Gov 9-69-123- 98 

Annapolis, Md 123-232-233-287-288 

Annapolis Junction 234 

Assonet Light Infantry 12 

Astor House, N. Y 2-)2 

Atwood , Benj . S 56 


Eacon, Chas. D 193 

Baily , Alvin R 147 

Baltimore, Md 123-194 

Eanks, Xath'l P 189 

Barnes, Chas. E ■. . . 52 

;Barri, Thos. C 127 

Barrows, Simeon H 50 

Bates, James E 315 

Bates, Wm. C 168 

Bennett, Edwin C 174 

Benys, Lieut. T. H 232 

Bickford, John p: 110 

Big Bethel, Va 10-11-70 

Bird Warren A 177 

Blandin, Samuel G 100 

Bonney, IMartin V 47 

Bonney , Theodore L 47 

Boston Light Artillery 127-287 

Boyd, Maj. John 127 

Boyden, H. D 283 

Bourne, S^lvanus 58 

Bradeu, Henry S 109 

Braston, Capt. Geo. O 125 

Breed, J. X 170 

Brown , James 108 

Brown, Mayor 198 

Bryant, J. T 105 

Burbank, D. W 52 

Bull Run, 7a 128 

Burke, Geo. W 318 

Butler, Gen 11-14-70-72-190-232-313 


Cambridge, The 14 

Cate, Thos. J 213, 

Cavanaugh, Geo. IT 293 

Cemeteries, National 153 

Chamberlain, vSamuel E 11-13-33 

Chamberlain, W'm. I) 10-13-57 

Chambers, Lt. John G 127 

Chandler, E. T 58 

Chandler, S. C 217 

Charter, R. P 219 

Centerville, Va 124-128 

Childs, Geo. T 172 

Chipman, Chas 10 

Choate, Geo. D 297 

Chute, R. J 262 

"Civil War of 1861-65 The" 402 

Clark, Andrew J 98 

Coffin, Col.F. J 231 

Congress, thanks of 199 

"Contraband of War" 12 

' 'Constitvition, The" 232 

Corwin , Wm 103 

Cross, Geo. W 171 

Cushman, .\ustin S 12-36 

Davis, E. K 173 

Davis, W. G 59 

Deane John M 51 

DeSoto, The 287-288 

Devens, IMajor Charles 275-284 

Dickson, H. A 222 

Dimick, Col. J 9-1+-70 

Dimon, C. A. R 263 

Dix, Gen 275-288 

Doble, F. M 41 

Dollard, Robert lt>4 

Doten, Charles C 11-55 

Doten, Samuel H 10-13-49 

Douglass, A. C 268 

Drew, C A 216 

Dunbar, Geo 333 

Dyke, John H 225 




Kames, J. H 174 

Edson, G. A 107 

Edwards, N. M 169 

Eighth Regiment, INI.V M 231 to 273 

Ellsworth, Col 124 

Elwell, Andrew 231-235-266 

Eustis, W'ni. T 172 

Fairfax Court House, \a 128 

Farwell, F. M 221 

Fifth Regiment, M.V.M 123 to 186 

Follansbee, Capt. A. vS 195-196 

F'ort Ellsworth, Va. , 127 

Fort McHenry Md. , .232 

Fort Monroe, Va., 9-11-12-70-72-127-287 

P'ort Sumpter, S. C, 9-72 

Fourth Regiment, M.V.M 69 to 121 

Foxcroft, Geo. A 267 

Franklin, Gen. W. B 124-128 

F'reeman, V. O 333 

Frothingham , J. B 145 


Gardner, Frank 295 

' 'General Order No. 4" 9 

C^.iles, J. Frank 142 

Giles, Joseph J 148 

Glover, N. E 108 

Goulding, lyewis 107 

Gourlay, William D 216 

Grandy, H. E 166 

Green, Eieut. Col 124 

Green, J. Durrell 126-127 

Green, W. P 54 

(Griggs, Jas. H 126-146-173 

Griswold, A. W 252 


Hampton, Va 10-70 

Hart, 2d Lient. C. A 70 

Haskell, Alfred 163 

Heintzleman, Gen. vS. P 124-128 

Henry, Thomas A 314 

Higgins, Andrew M 303 

Hinks, Edward W 231-235-264 

Hitchings, A. Frank 265 

Hodges, Lieut. G 233 

Holmes, Freeman 46 

Howans, Charles 233 

Horton, Rev. Edward A 331-340 

Howe, Church 220 

Hutchins, John 166 

Jackson, "Stonewall" 124 

Jones, Amos C 218 

Jones, Col. Edward F 190-192-221 

Josselyn, Robert 99 


Kelley, T. Benton 336-337 

Kelley, Frank S 44 

Keene, \\\ H 255 

Kemp, F:. G 48 

Keyes, Maj. Handen W 123-127 

Kilburn, Chas 339 

Kingsley, Fred A 125 

Kinjiear, John 49 

Knights, J. S 224 

Koem1)el , Philip 319 

Lawrence, Gen. S. C 123-124-128-143 

Lawrence, W. H 124 

Legg, C A 283 

Lemmon, Wr B 259 

Leonard, James H 101 

Lincoln, President 9-123-124-126-234 

Lincoln, ' 'Col. Watson's Review' ' 403 

Linnell, L- F 265 

"Little Bronze Button, The' ' 408 

Loring, John H 167 

Lovering, Geo. M 103 

Lynch, N. B 294 

Lynde, L. F 225 

Lyon, Chas. P 48 


MacKenzie, John 154 

Magruder, Gen 10 

Manchester Cornet Band 235 

Mansfield, Gen 123 

Marland, Wm 218 

Marshall House, Alexandria 124 



Martin, Augustus P 300 

Martin, Knot V S 266 

"Maryland, The" 232 

''^lassachusetts ^Minute Men" 

307 to 312.32?-3o6 

McDowvll, ( un 128-197-235 

McClcarn, S. F 264 

McFarlin, Wni. vS 40 

McKay, John Jr 95 

INIerrimack , The 10 

Minute Men of 1S61 , The 

327-409 to 413 

Mixter, C. S 150 

Monitor, The 10 

Morse, Elijah A. INIorse 96 

INIunroe, Col. Timothy 231-235 


Xason, Albert S 100 

Xason, James Henry 291 

Xason, Geo. W 125-157 

Xational Cemeteries 153 

Xaval Academy, Annapolis 23>3 

Xavy , Our 342 to 354 

Xewhall, Geo. T 267 

Xewport Xews, Ya 70-73 

Xew York, Seventh Regiment 233 

Xorfolk, Va 10-14 

Xorton, George 162 

Xorton, Hanibal D 170 

Xorton, John H 189-214 


"Official Returns" 402 

"Old Glory" (Uncoln Day 1904) 334 

Oliver, Judson W 149 

Osgood, h. V 301 


Packard, Col. Abner B 69-71-99 

Paulding, Com 9-14 

Pawnee, The 9-13-14 

Peach, Gen. B. F 236-254 

Peirce, Elisha X 152 

Persons, Oscar 175 

Perry ville Z3Z 

Pierce, Charles E 91 

Pierce, F'rank 233 

Pierson, Lieut. Col 124-127 

Pike, Charles M 317 

Phelps, Col 72 

Poore, Ben Parley 235 

Prescott, Geo. I. 176 

Raymond, Charles 151 

Reed, Geo. A 215 

Relay House 123-235-287 

Reynolds, J. P 257 

RichartLson, 1st Lieut. M. A 71 

Richardson, Col. vS. P 11-45 

Robbinson, Wm. E 125 

Rogers, Otis 54 

Rogers, Chas . B 126 

S. L. I. "Salem Zouaves 246 to 252 

Sampson, \V. S 217 

vSanborn, G. W 301 

Sawin, Lieut. Robert L 299 

Schonler, Adj. (Ven 11-190' 

Scott, Horace 12 

Shaw, Geo. H 57 

Shaw, Alonzo M 106 

Shepard, Capt. D. L 71 

Sherman, James L 73-104 

Sixth Regiment, M.V.M 189 to 228- 

Smith, Samuel H 256 

Somerville Light Infantr\' 125 

' 'Song of the Camp Fire" 407 

Sonnet on Bones 371 

vSouther, F. L 101 

Spaulding, S.'R.,The 9-12-13-70-73. 

vSpear, E. A 105 

"Special Order Xo. 14" 9 

Sprague, A. B. R 282 

Sprague, P. X 106- 

Spoffor.l, E. F 222 

Sproule, Alex. W 223- 

' 'State of Maine" ' 69-71 

Statistics 402 

"vStars and Stripes," Prison Record.. 

359 to 401 

Stevens, J. T 102-105 

Stillings, Samuel V 316 

Stirling, W. S 268 

Stowe, Martin, A 300 

Swain, James M 46 




"The Boy who Carried the (run" 335 

Third Battalion Rifles 127-275 to 285 

Third Regiment, M.V.M 9 to 67-127 

Thomas, ' 'Citizen" H. 34 

Thomas, Robert B 284 

Tilghman, Capt 235 

Tillson, M. V 316 

Towle, John A 60 

Tripp, William D 332 

Tj-ler, Jonas K 10-13 

Tyler, Philip H 302 

Tvler. William N 176 


United vStates Wars 20 

Union*IvOSses, War of^Rebellion 20 

"Vanguard Volunteers, The" 331 

Vermont, Krst 72 

"Veteran's Memory Ivand" 369 

Walker, Albert vS 298 

Walker, Henry 102 

Wallburg, Valentine 171 

Wardrop, Col. D. W 11-13-14-59 

Wardwell, D. K 162 

Warren, H. M 302 

Warren, W. C, 224 

Washburn, C. Jr 60 

Washburn, Capt. G. A 90-313 

Washburn, Jerome 97 

Washburn, O. E 50 

Washington, D. C 123-127-197-234, A. I) 219 

Watson, Maj. B. F 190 

Wheeler, E- vS 169 

Wheelock, G. W 51 

White, Charles A 38 

W^hite, G. B 109 

W' hitman, Major 72-73 

Whittle, C. P 167 

"Who Did the Fighting' ' 402 

Wightman , Mayor 236 

Willey, Isaac Otis 53 

Williams, Geo. D 56 

Williams, Wm. H 269 

Willis, R. H 95 

Winship, H. A 297 

Winthrop, Maj. T 11 

Wise, CtOv 7? 

Wright, Samuel C 53 



Abl)ott, Chas. H. , Fifth 1 7S 

Adams, Geo. M., Fourth 11,^ 

Adams, Oliver vS., Fifth 179 

Alden, William F. . Fifth 17S 

Allen, Charles F., Fourth Ill 

Alley, Benjamin M., Eighth 260 

Alley, Frank M., Eighth 26(1 

Alley, James D., Eighth 261 

Alley, Richard, Eighth 261 

Atvvood, Benjamin S., Third 56 

Atwood, J. Murray, Third 63 


Bacon, Charles D., Fourth . . . .93 

Bailey. Charles H.. Fifth LSI 

Bailey, Alvin R., Fifth 147 

:Barnes, Chas. E. , Third 52 

Barrett, Benj. K., Fourth 115 

-Barrett, Geo. V., Sixth 226 

Barrows, Simeon H., Third 5(» 

Bates, James E., Fourth 315 

Bates, William C. , Fifth 16S 

"Bennett, Edwin C, Fifth 174 

Bickford, John F)., Fourth 11(1 

Bird, Warren A., Fifth 177 

:Blandin, Simeon G., Fourth lOO 

'Blaney, Elias, Eighth 271 

Booker, Geo. D., Fifth 185 

Bonney, Morton \'. , Third 47 

Bonney, Teeodore L,. , Third 47 

^oardman, Francis, Eighth 270 

-Bourne, Sylvanus, Third 58 

Bowen, William J., Third Bat Mi 

Boyden, William D., Third Bat 283 

Braden, Henry vS. Fourth 1(J9 

"Breed, John N., Fifth 170 

Brastow, George ()., Fifth 165 

Brooks, John C, Fourth 119 

Brown, Frank A., Fifth 165 

Brown, James, Fourth 108 

Brown, William P., Fifth 358 

Bryant, Joshua T., Fourth 105-120 

Burbank, David W. , Third 5Z 

Burgess, E. Howard, Third 63 

Burke, George W., First N.H.M 318 

Burnside, Gen. Ambrose E., 1st R.I.. .325 

'Butler, Gen. Benjamin F 313 

IBuxton, Geo. F., Fifth 180 


Carr, Royal S., Fifth 179 

Caswell, Benj. F., Fourth 112 

Cate, Lieut. Thos. J., Sixth, 223 

Cavanagh, (ieo. H., First Battery 293 

Chamberlain, (Ven. S. E , Third 33 

Chandaerlain, Wm. I)., Third 57 

Chandler, Eilward T., Third 58 

Chandler, Simeon C, Sixth 217 

Charters, Reuben P., Sixth 219 

Chase, Benj. W. R., Eighth 262 

Childs, Geo. T., Fifth 172 

Choate, Geo. I) 297 

Church, John H. , Fourth 115 

Chute, Rupert J. , 262 

Clark, Andrew J., Fourth 98 

Clark, Enoch J. , Fifth 183 

Clark, Isaac S. , Fourth 112 

Clark, vSamuel h., Eighth 271 

Coe, John T. , Eighth 263 

Colgan, Geo. A. J., Sixth 323 

Connor, William, Sixth 227 

Cook, Capt. Asa M. 1st Battery 296 

Cook, Thomas H., Fourth 96 

Corwin, Frank, Fourth 113 

Corwin, William, Fourth ll)3 

Crafts, John H. , Fourth 116 

Cunnnins, John, Third Bat 285 

Crosby, Elkanah, Fifth 182 

Cross, Geo. W., Fifth 170 

Cushing, Henry H. I). , Fifth 183 

Cushman, Maj. Austin vS., Third ...36-324 

Cushman, James M. , Fourth 119 

Cutter, George, First Battery 305 


Dalton, Jeremiah, Fifth 184 

D'Arcy, John S., First Battery 304 

Davis, Elbridge K., Fifth 173 

Davis, Stephe;i H., Fifth 180 

Davis, Wm. G., Third 59 

Deane, John M., Third 51 

Devens, Maj. Chas., Third Batt 284 

Dickson, Henry A., Sixth 222 

Dimon, Chas. A. R., Eighth 263 

Doble, Francis M., Third 41 

Dollard, Robert, Fourth 104 



Doten, Capt. Chas. C, Third 55 

Doten, Maj. Samuel H. , Third 49 

Douglas, Albert C. , Kighth 268 

Drew, Cxeo. A., Sixth 216 

Duchesney, Lawrence H., vSixth 226 

Dunbar, Geo. P'^ourth 333 

Dyke, Capt. John II., Sixth 225> 


Eames, John H., Fifth 174 

Edson, George A. , Fourth 107 

Edwards, Nathan M. , Fifth 169 

Ellis, Henry K. , Third 67 

Elwell, Lt. Col. Andrew, Eighth 266 

Ellsworth, Thomas, Eighth 270 

Eustis, William T., Fifth 172 


Faneuil Hall, Boston, 18 

Farwell, Fred M., vSixth 221 

Field, Joseph W., Eighth 273 

Fifth, Association Ofificers, 1904-05 320 

Fifth M.V.M., Camp at Washington. . .364 

Fifth, M.V.M., Man on Picket 405 

F'oxcroft, George A., Eighth 267 

Francis, Lieut. Humphrey A., Third... 67 

Freeman, Victor O., vSixth 333 

Frothington, John P. , Fifth 145 

Fuller, Alonzo W., Fourth 113 

F'uller, Thomas, F'ourth 97 


Gardner, Frank, 1st Battery 295 

Gardner, CTeorge D., F^ighth 273 

Gardner, William H. , Fifth 184 

Gibson, Thomas, Sixth 228 

Giles, John F. , Fifth 142-325 

Giles, Joseph J., Fifth ' 148 

Gleason, Joseph H. , 3 Batt 296 

Glover, Nathaniel E. , P'ourth 108 

Goodridge, vSergt. Henry H., Eighth. .272 

Goulding, Lewis, Fourth 107 

Gourlay, William D., vSixth : . .216 

Gray, Anjavine N., 3 Batt 32i 

Gray, John C, 3 Batt 285 

Gray, William B. , Fifth 182 

Green, William P., Third. 54 

Griggs, James H., Fifth 146-175 

Grandy , Henry E. , Fifth 166 

Greely Philip T., U.S.N 322 

Gurney , Alva A. , Fourth 118 

Gurney, Seth P. , Fourth 117 


Hall, Frank L. , Eighth 272 

Harding, Benjamin, Third 65 

Harding, Morton E., Fourth , . .119 

Harkness, Lieut. E. A., 3 Batt 306 

Harris, Arthur, Third 65 

Haskell, Alfred, Fifth 163 

Hathaway, James H., Third 64 

Hartshorn, David T., Fourth 117 

Hawkes, Levi, Third 66 

Hawkins, Henry M., Fifth 357 

Hayden, Chas. H., F'ourth 116 

Henry, Thomas A., 14th N.Y., N.G. . .314- 
Higgins, Andrew M., First Battery. . . .305. 

Hincks, Col. E. W., Eighth 264- 

Hitchcock, vSimeon D., Third 64 

Hitchings, A. Frank, Eighth 265- 

Hood, William W. , Third 62. 

Holmes, Freeman, Third 46- 

Holmes, Zaccheus, First Battery 305 

Hopkins, James R., Fifth 186 

Horton, Rev. Edward A., U.S.N. .324-340- 

Hosmer, Gilman S., vSixth 228 

Howe, Church, Sixth 113 

Howe, W^illiam H. , Fourth 220' 

Humble, Henry, F'ourth 114 

Hutchins, Capt. John, Fifth 166 


Jones, Amos G. , Sixth 218 

Jones, Col. Edward F. Sixth 221-326 

Jones, Melville D., Fifth .' 186 

Jones, William H., Sixth 227 

Josselyn, Albert, Third .64- 

Josselyn, Robert, Fourth 99 

Joslin, Lieut. George C, Third Batt. . . 306' 


Keene, William H. , Eighth 255 

Kelly, vSerg. Frank S., Third 44 

Kelley, Thomas Benton 337 

Kemp, Elbridge G., Third 48 

Keenan, James, Sixth 228 

Keenan, Mathew T. J., 13 N.Y.M 322' 

Kilburn, Charles, Fifth 179-339 

Kinnear, vSergt. John, Third 49' 

Knights, James S. , vSixth 224 

Knowland. William C. , Eighth 270^ 

Koempel, Philip, 1 Conn. Mill .319' 




I^akeman, John R., Kighth 272 

Ivane, Chas. D. W. , Fifth 185 

Ivapham, Joseph A. , Fourth 355 

Lawrence. Gen. vSamuel C, I'ifth 143 

L/each, John A. , Fourth 326 

Ivegg, Charless A., Third Batt 283-358 

Ivemmon, William B.. Eighth 259 

Iveonard. James H., Fourth 101 

Lincoln, Alfred A., Fourth 114 

Linnell, Lieut. Lorenzo F., luglith 265 

Loring, Benj. J. , Fifth 164 

Loring, Freeman A., Fifth 181 

Loring John H. , Fifth 167 

Lovering, George M., Fourth 103 

Levering, Hanison, First Battery 305 

Lynde, Lieut. Leander F. , Sixth 22S 

Lynch, Nicholas C, First Battery 294 

Lyon, Chas. P. , Third 48 


MacKay, James N. , Fourth 115 

MacKenzie, John, Fifth 154 

Maine, William H. , Fourth 114 

Marble, John W., Third 65 

Marden, William H., Sixth 226 

Marland, William, Sixth 218 

Marstor. , Wni. H. . Fourth 115 

Martin, A. P., 1st INIass. Battery .66-300-326 

Martin, Capt. Knott V., Eighth 266 

Martin, Capt. K. V., and the hog 22 

Massachusetts Minute Men Medal 339 

McClearn, vStuart F. , Eighth 264 

McFarlin, Capt. Wm. S., Third 40 

McKay, John Jr. , Fourth 95 

Messer, Albion A. , Third Batt 285 

Meserve, Solomon, Third 62 

"Minute Men of 1861" April 15 1897. .329 

'Minute Men of '61" Banner 358 

Minute Men of '61 Banner and Comrades 369 
Mitchell, Sergt. Benjamin L., Eighth. .270 

Mixter, Calvin S. , Fifth 1 50 

Moore, Chas. D., Sixth 227 

Morse, Elijah A. , Fourth 96 

Morton, Nathaniel, Third . . .65 

Moulton, Joseph, Fifth 178 

Moulton, Lieut. Orson C. Third Batt.. 306 


V;,son, Albert D., Forty-fifth 3J1 

Cason, Albert S., Fourth 100 

■ ason, Charles H.. Finst R.I.M 321 

ason, Col. Geo. ^^'., Fifth, Front 157-322 

Nason, Geo. H., 4th and 35th 321 

Nason, James Henry, First Battery. . . .291 

Nason, Walter E., Fourth 116 

Nason, William E., 4th and 18th 321 

Newhall, Charles L.. U.S.N 325 

Newhall, Capt. (xeorge T., Eighth 267 

Nichols, James W. , Eighth 272 

Nightingale, Wyman B., Fourth S4 

Norton, Cieorge, Fifth 162 

Norton, Hannibal 1)., Fifth 170 

Norton, John H., Sixth 214 


O'Connor, Fred A., U.S.N 324 

Oliver, Judson W. , Fifth 149 

Osgood, James H., Fourth 112 

Osgood, Lewis V. , First Batt 3(»1 

Otis, William W., Fourth 121 


Packard, Col. Abner B., Fourth 99 

Paty, Capt. vSeth W., Third 66 

Peach, Gen. B. F., Eighth 254 

Peirce. Ehsha N. , Fifth 152 

Persons, Oscar P'ifth 175 

Phillips, Benj. A. , Eighth 273 

Phillips, Benj. H., Eighth 271 

Pickett, Lieut Josiah, Third Batt 306 

Pierce, Chas. E. , Fourth Batt 91 

Pike, Charles M 317 

Pollock, John, Fifth 178 

Prescott, Albert, Fifth 355 

Prescott, Capt. George L-, P'ifth 176 


Raymond, Charles, Fifth 151 

Raymond, Capt. John .W. , Eighth 271 

Reed, George A., Sixth 215 

Reed vSamuel W. , Fourth 121 

Reed, Timothy, Fourth. 120 

Reynolds, Edward W. , Fiftli 182 

Reynolds, John P. , F^ighth 257 

Reynolds, vStephen H., Fifth . .' 183 

Richard.son, Joseph W., First Battery. .304 

Richmond, Col. Silas P., 45-67 

Richmond, Welcome H., Third 64 

Richard, Warren, Third 62 

Roberts, William R., Fourth. 1 18 

Robbins, Caleb T., Third 61 

Robinson, Lieut. Wm. E., Fifth 181 

Rogers, Lieut. Otis, Third .54 

Rogers vSamuel D., vSi.xth _'27 




Sampson, Capt. Walter S., .Sixth 217 

Sanborn, George X , First Battery 301 

Sawin, Ueut. Robert L,., First Battery 299 

Shannon, John, Third 63 

Shaw, Alonzo M. . Fourth 106 

Shaw, ( reorge H. , Third 57 

Shaw, Linus A., Third 61 

Shepard, Louis J., Fifth 1H6 

Sherman James L., Fourth 104 

Sherman, Lieut Zaccheus, Fourth 119 

Smith, Samuel H. , Eighth 256 

Smith. Dr. T. Delap, First R.I.M 325 

Soule, Louis, Fourth 121 

Souther, Francis L. , Fourth lol 

Spear, Lieut. Edward A., Fourth 105 

Spofford, Edwin F. , Sixth 222 

Sprag-ue, Capt. A.B.R., Third Batt 282-306 

Sprague Peter N. Fourth 106 

Sprouls, Alexander W. , Sixth 223 

Staudish Winslow B., First Battery. ... ,67 

Steingardt, Joseph A., Fourth 120 

Stephenson, Luther, Fourth 114 

Stevens, George O. , Eighth 273 

Stevens, James T. , Fourth 102 

Stetson , Andrew J. , Fourth 116 

Stillings, Samuel V 316 

Stirling William S., Eighth 268 

Storey, William F., Fourth 117 

Stowe, Martin A. , First Battery 300 

Sumner, John A. , Fifth 181 

Sumner, Lieut. Wm. F. , Fifth 184 

Swain, James M., Third 46 

Sweet, William H., Fourth 121 


Taylor, Thomas, F'ourth ." 118 

Tavlor, William H., Third 66 

Thomas, Harrison ( ). , Third 34 

Thomas, Robert B., Third Batt 284 

Tidd, John E. , Fifth 180 

Tillson, Mercer V., Foiirth 316 

Towle, John A. Third 60 

Tripp, Willard D., Fourth 332 

Tuck, Samuel W. , Fifth 182 

Tucker, James, Third Batt 285 

Tuttle, Thadeus P., .Sixth 228 

Tyler, Philip H.' First Battery 302 

Tyler, William N. , Fifth 176 


Vaughn, Alvin P. , Third 61 

N'inal, E/ra Jr., Fourth 120 

Vose, John , Tliird 63 


Walker, Albert S., P"irst Battery ..298-304 

Walker, Col. Henry, F'ourth 102 

Wallburg, Valentine, Fifth 171 

Wardrop, Col. David W., Third. . . .59-324 

Wardwell, Capt. David K., Fifth 162 

Warren, Henry M., First Battery 302 

Warren, William (L, Sixth 224 

Washburn, Cephas, Jr. , Third 60 

Washburn, Capt. Geo. A., Fourth. .90-313 

Washburn, Jerome, Fourth 97 

Washburn, Oscar E., Third 50 

Wass, Ansel D. , Sixth 219 

Watson, Lieut. Col. Benj. F., Sixth... 323 

Watters, James, First Battery 305 

W'ebber, Mendell S. , Fifth 183 

Wetherell, James H., Fourth 117 

Witherell, OtisS., Fourth 118 

Wheeler, Carleton A., Tliird . . . .r 61 

Wheeler, Edward S., Fifth 169 

Wheeler, Stephen W., Sixth 226 

Wheelock, George W. , Third 51 

Whitcomb, Geo. F., Fifth 184 

White, Lieut. Col. C. A., Third 38 

White, Gecrge B. , Fourth ICtS 

Whiting, George S., Twenty-ninth 62 

Whiton, Lyman B., Fourth 112 

Whittle, Charles P., Fifth 167 

Wiley, Lieut. Geo. H., Fifth 179 

Wiley, Joseph E. , Fifth 185 

Willey, Isaac Otis, Third 53 

Williams, George D. , Third 56 

Williams, William H. , Eighth 269 

Willis, Rufus H. , Fourth 95 

Winship, Henry A., First Battery .297-304 

Wright, Capt. Samuel C, Third 53 

Wyer, Ediwn F. , Fifth 185 


"Yankee Doodle" 140 

Young, Joseph , 180 


Members of the ^lassachusetts A'olunteer jMilitia of the 
Third, Fourth, Fiftli, Sixth, and vSeventh Regiments, Third 
Battalion, and First Battery of Light Artillery, and those 
General and Staff Officers selected by the Governor, who 
responded to President Lincoln's first call for troops on the 
fifteenth dav of April, 1861, and who were mustered in and 
Served honorabl}- . Also those men Avho were left over when the term 
of service of the three months' men expired and temporarily 
attached to the Third and Fourth Regiments, and were afterward 
incorporated into the Twenty-Ninth Regiment. 


Brigadier General. Bexjamix F. ButleR, L,owell. 

I^rioade Major, V\IlLhi.\^i H. ClEMENCE, Lowell. 

Engineer, Peter Haggertv, Lowell. 
Brigadier General, Ebexezer W. Peirce, Freetown. 

Engineer, William C. Loverixo, Taunton. 

Aid, Silas P. Richmond, Freetown. 





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